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The Control of Trade in Endangered Species Regulations 2018

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PART 2Compliance notices etc.

Compliance notice

2.—(1) This paragraph applies where the management authority is satisfied on the balance of probabilities that a person has failed to comply with a relevant regulation.

(2) The management authority may by notice (“a compliance notice”) impose on that person a requirement to take such steps as the management authority may specify, within such period as it may specify, to secure that the failure to comply does not continue or recur.

(3) A compliance notice may not be served on more than one occasion in relation to the same act or omission.

Imposition of a variable monetary penalty

3.—(1) This paragraph applies where the management authority is satisfied on the balance of probabilities that a person has failed to comply with a relevant regulation.

(2) The management authority may by notice impose on that person a requirement to pay a monetary penalty to the management authority in such amount as it may determine (“a variable monetary penalty”).

(3) A variable monetary penalty may not be imposed on more than one occasion in relation to the same act or omission.

(4) The amount of a variable monetary penalty may not be more than £5,000.

(5) Before serving a notice imposing a variable monetary penalty, the management authority may require the person on whom it is to be served to provide such information as is reasonable to establish the amount of any financial benefit arising as a result of the failure to comply.

(6) The management authority may recover any variable monetary penalty imposed under this paragraph as if payable under order of the court.

Notice of intent

4.—(1) If the management authority proposes to serve on a person a compliance notice or notice imposing a variable monetary penalty, it must serve on that person a notice of what is proposed (“a notice of intent”).

(2) The notice of intent must include—

(a)the grounds for the proposed notice or penalty;

(b)the requirements of the notice and, in the case of a penalty, the amount to be paid;

(c)information as to—

(i)the right to make representations within 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice of intent is received;

(ii)the circumstances in which the management authority may not serve the notice.

Making representations

5.  A person on whom a notice of intent is served may within 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice is received make written representations to the management authority in relation to the proposed service of a compliance notice or notice imposing a variable monetary penalty.

Third party undertakings

6.—(1) A person on whom a notice of intent is served may offer an undertaking as to action to be taken by that person (including the payment of a sum of money) to benefit any third party affected by the offence (“a third party undertaking”).

(2) The management authority may accept or reject a third party undertaking.

(3) The management authority must take into account any third party undertaking that it accepts in its decision on whether or not to serve a final notice and, if it serves a notice imposing a variable monetary penalty, the amount of that penalty.

Final notice

7.—(1) After the end of the period for making representations, the management authority must decide whether to impose the requirements described in the notice of intent, with or without modifications.

(2) Where the management authority decides to impose a requirement, the notice imposing it (“a final notice”) must comply with paragraph 8 or 9, as the case may be.

Contents of final notice: compliance notice

8.  A final notice relating to a compliance notice must include information as to—

(a)the grounds for serving the notice;

(b)what compliance is required and the period within which it must be completed;

(c)the rights of appeal;

(d)the consequences of failing to comply with the notice.

Contents of final notice: variable monetary penalty

9.  A final notice relating to a variable monetary penalty must include information as to—

(a)the grounds for imposing the penalty;

(b)the amount to be paid;

(c)how payment may be made;

(d)the period within which payment must be made, which must be not less than 28 days;

(e)the rights of appeal;

(f)the consequences of failing to comply with the notice.

Appeals against a final notice

10.—(1) A person on whom a final notice is served may appeal against it.

(2) The grounds of appeal are—

(a)that the decision to serve the final notice was based on an error of fact;

(b)that the decision was wrong in law;

(c)in the case of a variable monetary penalty, that the amount of the penalty is unreasonable;

(d)in the case of a non-monetary requirement, that the nature of the requirement is unreasonable;

(e)that the decision was unreasonable for any other reason;

(f)that the decision was wrong for any other reason.

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