Search Legislation

The Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018

What Version

 Help about what version
  • Latest available (Revised)
  • Original (As made)

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made). This item of legislation is currently only available in its original format.

PART 1PRELIMINARY

Citation and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018 and comes into force on 18th April 2018.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In this Order—

“the 1961 Act” means the Land Compensation Act 1961(1);

“the 1965 Act” means the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965(2);

“the 1980 Act” means the Highways Act 1980(3);

“the 1981 Act” means the Acquisition of Land Act 1981(4);

“the 1984 Act” means the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(5);

“the 1990 Act” means the Town and Country Planning Act 1990(6);

“the 1991 Act” means the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991(7);

“the 2003 Act” means the Communications Act 2003(8);

“address” includes any number or address used for the purposes of electronic transmission;

“authorised works” means the scheduled works and any other works authorised by this Order or any part of them;

“the book of reference” means the book of reference certified by the Secretary of State as the book of reference for the purposes of this Order;

“building” includes any structure or erection or any part of a building, structure or erection;

“carriageway” has the same meaning as in the 1980 Act;

“the deposited plans” means the plans certified by the Secretary of State as the deposited plans for the purposes of this Order;

“the deposited sections” means the sections certified by the Secretary of State as the deposited sections for the purposes of this Order;

“electronic transmission” means a communication transmitted—

(a)

by means of an electronic communications network; or

(b)

by other means but while in electronic form;

“footpath” and “footway” have the same meaning as in the 1980 Act;

“highway” and “highway authority” have the same meaning as in the 1980 Act;

“the limits of deviation” means the limits of deviation for the scheduled works shown on the deposited plans;

“the limits of land to be acquired or used” means the limits of land to be acquired or used shown on the deposited plans;

“maintain” includes inspect, repair, adjust, alter, remove, reconstruct and replace, and “maintenance” is to be construed accordingly;

“Network Rail” means Network Rail Infrastructure Limited (Company registration number 02904587) whose registered office is at 1 Eversholt Street, London NW1 2DN;

“the Order limits” means the limits of deviation and the limits of land to be acquired or used;

“owner”, in relation to land, has the same meaning as in section 7 (interpretation) of the 1981 Act(9);

“the scheduled works” means the works specified in Schedule 1 (scheduled works) or any part of them;

“street” includes part of a street;

“street authority”, in relation to a street, has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the 1991 Act;

“the traffic regulation plans” means the plans certified by the Secretary of State as the traffic regulation plans for the purposes of this Order;

“the tribunal” means the Lands Chamber of the Upper Tribunal; and

“watercourse” includes all rivers, streams, ditches, drains, canals, cuts, culverts, dykes, sluices, sewers and passages through which water flows except a public sewer or drain.

(2) References in this Order to rights over land include references to rights to do, or to place and maintain, anything in, on or under land or in the air-space above its surface and references in this Order to the imposition of restrictive covenants are references to the creation of rights over land which interfere with the interests or rights of another and are for the benefit of land which is acquired under this Order or is otherwise comprised in Network Rail’s railway undertaking.

(3) References in this Order to numbered plots are references to plot numbers on the deposited plans.

(4) All distances, directions and lengths referred to in this Order are approximate and distances between points on a scheduled work are taken to be measured along the scheduled work.

(5) References in this Order to points by letters, or letters and numbers are construed as references to points on the deposited plans.

Incorporation of the Railway Clauses Acts

3.—(1) The following provisions of the Railways Clauses Consolidation Act 1845(10) are incorporated in this Order—

  • section 58(11) (company to repair roads used by them), except for the words from “and if any question” to the end;

  • section 61 (company to make sufficient approaches and fences to highways crossing on the level);

  • section 68 (accommodation works by company);

  • section 71 (additional accommodation works by owners), except for the words “or directed by such justices to be made by the company” and “or, in case of difference, as shall be authorised by two justices”;

  • section 72 and 73 (supplementary provisions relating to accommodation works);

  • section 75(12) (omission to fasten gates);

  • section 77 (presumption that minerals excepted from acquisition of land);

  • sections 78 to 85E(13) and Schedules 1 to 3 (minerals under railways), as respectively substituted and inserted by section 15 of the Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1923(14);

  • section 103(15) (refusal to quit carriage at destination);

  • section 105 (carriage of dangerous goods on railway), except for the words from “and if any person” to “for every such offence”; and

  • section 145(16) (recovery of penalties).

(2) Section 12 (signals, watchmen etc.) of the Railways Clauses Act 1863(17) is incorporated in this Order.

(3) In those provisions, as incorporated in this Order—

“the company” means Network Rail;

“goods” includes any thing conveyed on the railway authorised to be constructed by this Order;

“lease” includes an agreement for a lease;

“prescribed”, in relation to any such provision means prescribed by this Order for the purposes of that provision;

“the railway” means any railway authorised to be constructed by this Order and any other authorised works;

“the special Act” means this Order; and

“toll” includes any rate or charge or other payment payable under this Order or any other enactment for any passenger or goods conveyed on any railway authorised to be constructed by this Order.

Application of the 1991 Act

4.—(1) Works executed under this Order in relation to a highway which consists of or includes a carriageway are treated for the purposes of Part 3 (street works in England and Wales) of the 1991 Act as major transport works if—

(a)they are of a description mentioned in any of paragraphs (a), (c) to (e), (g) and (h) of section 86(3) (which defines what highway authority works are major highway works) of that Act; or

(b)they are works which, had they been executed by the highway authority, might have been carried out in exercise of the powers conferred by section 64(18) (dual carriageways and roundabouts) of the 1980 Act.

(2) The following provisions of the 1991 Act do not apply in relation to any works executed under the powers conferred by this Order—

  • section 56 (directions as to timing);

  • section 56A (power to give directions as to placing of apparatus);

  • section 58 (restrictions following substantial road works);

  • section 73A (power to require undertaker to re-surface street);

  • section 73B (power to specify timing, etc., of re-surfacing);

  • section 73C (materials, workmanship and standard of re-surfacing);

  • section 78A (contributions to costs of re-surfacing by undertaker); and

  • Schedule 3A (restriction on works following substantial street works).

(3) The provisions of the 1991 Act mentioned in paragraph (4), together with other provisions of that Act, which apply in relation to the execution of street works, and any regulations made or code of practice issued or approved under those provisions, apply (with the necessary modifications) in relation to any stopping up, alteration or diversion of a street of a temporary nature by Network Rail under the powers conferred by article 9 (temporary stopping up of streets) and to the carrying out of works under article 8 (power to execute street works), whether or not the stopping up, alteration or diversion, or the carrying out of such works, constitutes street works within the meaning of that Act.

(4) The provisions of the 1991 Act(19) referred to in paragraph (3) are—

  • section 54(20) (advance notice of certain works), subject to paragraph (5);

  • section 55(21) (notice of starting date of works), subject to paragraph (5);

  • section 57(22) (notice of emergency works);

  • section 59(23) (general duty of street authority to co-ordinate works);

  • section 60 (general duty of undertakers to co-operate);

  • section 68 (facilities to be afforded to street authority);

  • section 69 (works likely to affect other apparatus in the street);

  • section 76 (liability for cost of temporary traffic regulation);

  • section 77 (liability for cost of use of alternative route); and

all such other provisions as apply for the purposes of the provisions mentioned above.

(5) Sections 54 and 55 of the 1991 Act as applied by paragraph (3) have effect as if references in section 57 of that Act to emergency works were a reference to a stopping up, alteration or diversion (as the case may be) required in a case of emergency.

(6) Nothing in article 11 (construction and maintenance of altered streets)—

(a)prejudice the operation of section 87 (prospectively maintainable highways) of the 1991 Act, and Network Rail is not by reason of any duty under that article to maintain a street to be taken to be a street authority in relation to that street for the purposes of Part 3 of that Act; or

(b)has effect in relation to street works with regard to which the provisions of Part 3 of the 1991 Act apply.

Disapplication of legislative provisions

5.—(1) The following provisions do not apply in relation to any works executed under the powers conferred by this Order—

(a)regulation 12(1)(a) (requirement for environmental permit) of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2016(24) in relation to the carrying on of a relevant flood risk activity for the purposes of the works;

(b)the provisions of any byelaws made under, or having effect as if made under, paragraph 5 of Schedule 25 (byelaws for flood defence and drainage purposes) to the Water Resources Act 1991(25), which require consent or approval for the carrying out of the works;

(c)section 23 (prohibition on obstacles etc. in watercourses) of the Land Drainage Act 1991(26); and

(d)the provision of any byelaws made under, or having effect as if made under, section 66 (powers to make byelaws) of the Land Drainage Act 1991, which require consent or approval for the carrying out of the works.

(2) In article 5(1)(a) “relevant flood risk activity” means an activity within paragraph 3(1)(a), (b) or (c) of Schedule 25 (flood risk activities and excluded flood risk activities) to the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2016.

PART 2WORKS PROVISIONS

Principal powers

Power to construct and maintain works

6.—(1) Network Rail may construct and maintain the scheduled works.

(2) Subject to article 7 (power to deviate), the scheduled works may only be constructed in the lines or situations shown on the deposited plans and in accordance with the levels shown on the deposited sections.

(3) Network Rail may on the land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 2 (acquisition of certain lands for ancillary works) carry out and maintain any works specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule with all necessary works and conveniences in connection with those works.

(4) Network Rail may, on the land specified in article 21(1) (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights) carry out and maintain any works specified in relation to that land in article 21(5)(a) with all necessary works and conveniences in connection with those works.

(5) Subject to paragraph (7), Network Rail may carry out and maintain such of the following works as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of, or for purposes ancillary to, the construction of the scheduled works, namely—

(a)construction of electrical equipment, signalling and permanent way works;

(b)buildings, yards, machinery, plant, apparatus, track drainage works, fencing, platform shelters, and other works and conveniences;

(c)approaches, ramps, lifts, stairs, passages, means of access, gates, shafts and stagings including temporary means of access from a highway to adjoining land;

(d)embankments, cuttings, aprons, abutments, retaining walls, wing walls and culverts;

(e)works to alter or remove any structure erected upon any highway or adjoining land;

(f)works to alter the position of apparatus, including mains, sewers, drains, cables and street furniture;

(g)works to alter the course of, or otherwise interfere with, a watercourse other than a navigable watercourse;

(h)landscaping and other works to mitigate any adverse effects of the construction, maintenance or operation of the scheduled works; and

(i)works for the benefit or protection of premises affected by the scheduled works.

(6) Subject to paragraph (7), Network Rail may carry out such other works (of whatever nature) as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of, or for purposes ancillary to, the construction of the scheduled works, other than works that would interfere with a navigable watercourse.

(7) Paragraphs (5) and (6) only authorise the carrying out or maintenance of works outside the limits of deviation if such works are carried out on—

(a)land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 2 (acquisition of certain lands for ancillary works) for the purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule; and

(b)land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 8 (land of which temporary possession may be taken) for the purposes specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule, relating to the scheduled works specified in column (4) of that Schedule.

Power to deviate

7.  In constructing or maintaining any of the scheduled works, Network Rail may—

(a)deviate laterally from the lines or situations shown on the deposited plans to the extent of the limits of deviation for that work; and

(b)deviate vertically from the levels shown on the deposited sections—

(i)to any extent not exceeding 3 metres upwards; or

(ii)to any extent downwards as may be found to be necessary or convenient.

Streets

Power to execute street works

8.—(1) Network Rail may, for the purposes of the authorised works, enter upon so much of any of the streets specified in Schedule 3 (streets subject to street works) as are within the Order limits and may—

(a)break up or open the street, or any sewer, drain or tunnel under it, or tunnel or bore under the street;

(b)place apparatus in the street;

(c)maintain apparatus in the street or change its position; and

(d)execute any works required for or incidental to any works referred to in sub-paragraphs (a), (b) and (c).

(2) In this article “apparatus” has the same meaning as in Part 3 of the 1991 Act.

Temporary stopping up of streets

9.—(1) Network Rail, during and for the purposes of the execution of the authorised works, may temporarily stop up, alter or divert any street and may for any reasonable time—

(a)divert the traffic from the street; and

(b)subject to paragraph (3), prevent all persons from passing along the street.

(2) Without limitation on the scope of paragraph (1), Network Rail may use any street stopped up under the powers conferred by this article as a temporary working site.

(3) Network Rail must provide reasonable access for pedestrians going to or from premises abutting a street affected by the exercise of the powers conferred by this article if there would otherwise be no such access.

(4) Without limitation on the scope of paragraph (1), Network Rail may exercise the powers conferred by this article in relation to the streets specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 4 (streets to be temporarily stopped up) to the extent specified, in column (3) of that Schedule.

(5) Network Rail must not exercise the powers conferred by this article—

(a)in relation to any street specified as mentioned in paragraph (4) without first consulting the street authority; and

(b)in relation to any other street without the consent of the street authority which may attach reasonable conditions to any consent, but such consent must not be unreasonably withheld.

(6) Any person who suffers loss by the suspension of any private right of way under this article is entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(7) If within 28 days of receiving an application for consent under paragraph (5)(b) a street authority fails to notify Network Rail of its decision or refuses consent without giving any grounds for its refusal that street authority is deemed to have granted consent.

Access to works

10.—(1) Network Rail may, for the purposes of the authorised works, with the approval of the highway authority, such approval not to be unreasonably withheld, form and lay out means of access or improve existing means of access, at such locations within the Order limits as Network Rail reasonably requires for the purposes of the authorised works.

(2) If a highway authority fails to notify Network Rail of its decision within 28 days of receiving an application for approval, under paragraph (1), the highway authority is deemed to have granted approval.

Construction and maintenance of altered streets

11.—(1) Where a street is altered under this Order, the altered part of the street must, when completed to the reasonable satisfaction of the street authority unless otherwise agreed with the street authority, be maintained by and at the expense of Network Rail for a period of 12 months from its completion and at the expiry of that period by and at the expense of the street authority.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in relation to the structure of any bridge or tunnel carrying a street over or under any railway of Network Rail.

(3) In any action against Network Rail in respect of loss or damage resulting from any failure by it to maintain a street under this article, it is a defence (without affecting any other defence or the application of the law relating to contributory negligence) to prove that Network Rail had taken such care as in all the circumstances was reasonably required to secure that the part of the street to which the action relates was not dangerous to traffic.

(4) For the purposes of a defence under paragraph (3), the court must in particular have regard to the following matters—

(a)the character of the street and the traffic which was reasonably to be expected to use it;

(b)the standard of maintenance appropriate for a street of that character and used by such traffic;

(c)the state of repair in which a reasonable person would have expected to find the street;

(d)whether Network Rail knew, or could reasonably have been expected to know, that the condition of the part of the street to which the action relates was likely to cause danger to users of the street; and

(e)where Network Rail could not reasonably have been expected to repair that part of the street before the cause of action arose, what warning notices of its condition had been displayed,

but for the purposes of such a defence it is not relevant to prove that Network Rail had arranged for a competent person to carry out or supervise the maintenance of the part of the street to which the action relates unless it is also proved that Network Rail had given the competent person proper instructions with regard to the maintenance of the street and that the competent person had carried out those instructions.

Agreements with street authorities

12.—(1) A street authority and Network Rail may enter into agreements with respect to—

(a)any stopping up, alteration or diversion of a street under the powers conferred by this Order; or

(b)the execution in the street of any of the works referred to in article 8(1) (power to execute street works).

(2) Such an agreement may, without limitation on the scope of paragraph (1)—

(a)make provision for the street authority to carry out any function under this Order which relates to the street in question; and

(b)contain such terms as to payment and otherwise as the parties consider appropriate.

Replacement and closure of footpath level crossing

13.—(1) Subject to paragraph (3), the footpath level crossing specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 5 (replacement and closure of footpath level crossing) is stopped up and discontinued.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), upon the stopping up and discontinuance of the footpath level crossing referred to in paragraph (1), any right of way over the part of the footpath specified in relation to it in column (3) of Schedule 5 is extinguished.

(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) are not to take effect with respect to the footpath specified in columns (1), (2) and (3) of Schedule 5 until the replacement footpath specified in relation to it in column (4) of that Schedule has been provided to the reasonable satisfaction of the street authority and is open for use.

(4) On completion of the construction of the replacement footpath specified in column (4) of Schedule 5 Network Rail must submit a written request to the street authority for written approval for the replacement footpath to be open for use which must not be unreasonably withheld and which must be given within 28 days of the street authority receiving a request for approval under this paragraph. If the street authority fails to notify Network Rail of a decision, in writing, by the expiry of 28 days from receiving a request for approval, the street authority is deemed to have granted approval.

(5) If, in response to a request under paragraph (4), the street authority notifies Network Rail that it does not give its approval for the replacement footpath to be open for use, the matter is to be determined in accordance with article 43 (arbitration).

(6) In providing the replacement footpath specified in column (4) of Schedule 5, Network Rail may within the Order limits erect barriers and signs and carry out or provide any ancillary works or conveniences, subject to the agreement of the highway authority, such agreement not to be unreasonably withheld.

(7) Any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment of any private right of way under this article is entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(8) The replacement footpath specified in column (4) of Schedule 5 provided under this article is to be a public footpath and, subject to paragraphs (9) to (12), in relation to that replacement footpath, section 28(27) (compensation for loss caused by public path creation order) of the 1980 Act applies as if the right of way over the replacement footpath had been created by a public path creation order.

(9) In its application by virtue of paragraph (8), section 28 of the 1980 Act has effect with the modifications mentioned in paragraphs (10) to (12).

(10) In subsection (1), for “the authority by whom the order was made” substitute “Network Rail Infrastructure Limited”.

(11) For subsection (2), substitute—

(2) A claim for compensation under this section is to be made to Network Rail Infrastructure Limited in writing within 6 months from the date the replacement footpath specified in column (4) of Schedule 5 to the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018(28) is open for use and is to be served on Network Rail Infrastructure Limited by delivering it at, or by sending it by pre-paid post to, the registered office of Network Rail Infrastructure Limited.

(12) Subsection (3) is omitted.

(13) For the purposes of paragraphs (8) to (12), section 307 (disputes as to compensation which are to be determined by Upper Tribunal and related provisions) of the 1980 Act, in its application to section 28 of the 1980 Act by virtue of section 307(1), has effect as if in subsection (2) for “the authority from whom the compensation in question is claimed” the words “Network Rail Infrastructure Limited” were substituted.

Supplemental powers

Discharge of water

14.—(1) Network Rail may use any watercourse or any public sewer or drain for the drainage of water in connection with the construction or maintenance of the authorised works and for that purpose may lay down, take up and alter pipes and may, on any land within the Order limits, make openings into, and connections with, the watercourse, public sewer or drain.

(2) Any dispute arising from the exercise of the powers in paragraph (1) to connect to or use a public sewer or drain is to be determined as if it were a dispute under section 106 (right to communicate with public sewers) of the Water Industry Act 1991(29).

(3) Network Rail must not discharge any water into any watercourse, public sewer or drain except with the consent of the person to whom it belongs; and such consent may be given subject to such terms and conditions as that person may reasonably impose, but must not be unreasonably withheld.

(4) Network Rail must not make any opening into any public sewer or drain except—

(a)in accordance with plans approved by the person to whom the sewer or drain belongs, but such approval must not be unreasonably withheld; and

(b)where that person has been given the opportunity to supervise the making of the opening.

(5) Network Rail must not, in the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, damage or interfere with the bed or banks of any watercourse forming part of a main river.

(6) Network Rail must take such steps as are reasonably practicable to secure that any water discharged into a watercourse or public sewer or drain under the powers conferred by this article is as free as may be practicable from gravel, soil or other solid substance, oil or matter in suspension.

(7) Nothing in this article overrides the requirement for an environmental permit under regulation 12(1)(b) (requirement for environmental permit) of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2016(30).

(8) If a person who receives an application for consent or approval fails to notify Network Rail of a decision within 28 days of receiving an application for consent under paragraph (3) or approval under paragraph (4)(a) that person is deemed to have granted consent or given approval, as the case maybe.

(9) In this article—

(a)“public sewer or drain” means a sewer or drain which belongs to a sewerage undertaker, Environment Agency, a National Park Authority, an internal drainage board or a local authority; and

(b)other expressions, excluding watercourses, used both in this article and in the Water Resources Act 1991(31) have the same meaning as in that Act.

Protective works to buildings

15.—(1) Subject to the following provisions of this article, Network Rail may at its own expense carry out such protective works to any building lying within the Order limits as Network Rail considers to be necessary or expedient.

(2) Protective works may be carried out—

(a)at any time before or during the construction in the vicinity of the building of any part of the authorised works; or

(b)after the completion of the construction of that part of the authorised works in the vicinity of the building at any time up to the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which that part of the authorised works is first opened for use.

(3) For the purpose of determining how the functions under this article are to be exercised Network Rail may (subject to paragraph (5)) enter and survey any building falling within paragraph (1) and any land within its curtilage.

(4) For the purpose of carrying out protective works under this article to a building Network Rail may (subject to paragraphs (5) and (6))—

(a)enter the building and any land within its curtilage; and

(b)where the works cannot be carried out reasonably conveniently without entering land which is adjacent to the building but outside its curtilage, enter the adjacent land (but not any building erected on it).

(5) Before exercising—

(a)a right under paragraph (1) to carry out protective works to a building;

(b)a right under paragraph (3) to enter a building and land within its curtilage;

(c)a right under paragraph (4)(a) to enter a building and land within its curtilage; or

(d)a right under paragraph (4)(b) to enter land,

Network Rail must, except in the case of emergency, serve on the owners and occupiers of the building or land not less than 14 days’ notice of its intention to exercise that right and, in a case falling within subparagraph (a) or (c), specifying the protective works proposed to be carried out.

(6) Where a notice is served under paragraph (5)(a), (c) or (d), the owner or occupier of the building or land concerned may, by serving a counter-notice within the period of 10 days beginning with the day on which the notice was served, require the question whether it is necessary or expedient to carry out the protective works or to enter the building or land to be referred to arbitration under article 43 (arbitration).

(7) Network Rail must compensate the owners and occupiers of any building or land in relation to which the powers conferred by this article have been exercised for any loss or damage arising to them by reason of the exercise of those powers.

(8) Where—

(a)protective works are carried out under this article to a building; and

(b)within the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which the part of the authorised works constructed in the vicinity of the building is first opened for use it appears that the protective works are inadequate to protect the building against damage caused by the construction or operation of that part of the authorised works,

Network Rail must compensate the owners and occupiers of the building for any loss or damage sustained by them.

(9) Without affecting article 42 (no double recovery) nothing in this article relieves Network Rail from any liability to pay compensation under section 10(2)(32) of the 1965 Act.

(10) Any compensation payable under paragraph (7) or (8) is to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(11) In this article “protective works” in relation to a building means—

(a)underpinning, strengthening and any other works the purpose of which is to prevent damage which may be caused to the building by the construction, maintenance or operation of the authorised works;

(b)any works the purpose of which is to remedy any damage which has been caused to the building by the construction, maintenance or operation of the authorised works; and

(c)any works the purpose of which is to secure the safe operation of the authorised works or to prevent or minimise the risk of such operation being disrupted.

Power to survey and investigate land

16.—(1) Network Rail may for the purposes of this Order—

(a)survey or investigate any land shown within the Order limits;

(b)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), make trial holes in such positions as Network Rail thinks fit on the land to investigate the nature of the surface layer and subsoil and remove soil samples;

(c)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), carry out ecological or archaeological investigations on such land;

(d)place on, leave on and remove from the land apparatus for use in connection with the survey and investigation of land and making of trial holes; and

(e)enter on the land for the purpose of exercising the powers conferred by sub-paragraphs (a) to (d).

(2) No land may be entered or equipment placed or left on or removed from the land under paragraph (1), unless at least 7 days’ notice has been served on every owner and occupier of the land.

(3) Any person entering land under this article on behalf of Network Rail—

(a)must, if so required, before or after entering the land produce written evidence of authority to do so; and

(b)may take onto the land such vehicles and equipment as are necessary to carry out the survey or investigation or to make the trial holes.

(4) No trial holes are to be made under this article—

(a)in a carriageway or footway without the consent of the highway authority; or

(b)in a private street without the consent of the street authority,

but such consent must not be unreasonably withheld.

(5) Network Rail must compensate the owners and occupiers of the land for any loss or damage arising by reason of the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, such compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(6) Nothing in this article overrides the need to obtain scheduled monument consent under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979(33).

(7) If either a highway authority or street authority fails to notify Network Rail of its decision within 14 days of receiving an application for consent—

(a)under paragraph 4(a) in the case of a highway authority; or

(b)under paragraph 4(b) in the case of a street authority,

that authority is deemed to have granted consent.

PART 3ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF LAND

Powers of acquisition

Power to acquire land

17.—(1) Network Rail may acquire compulsorily—

(a)so much of the land shown on the deposited plans within the limits of deviation as land to be acquired compulsorily and described in the book of reference as may be required for the purposes of the authorised works; and

(b)so much of the land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 2 (acquisition of certain lands for ancillary works) (being land shown on the deposited plans and described in the book of reference) as may be required for the purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule,

and may use any land so acquired for those purposes, or for any other purposes that are ancillary to its railway undertaking.

(2) This article is subject to article 20 (power to acquire new rights), article 21 (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights) and article 24 (temporary use of land for construction of works).

Application of Part 1 of the 1965 Act

18.—(1) Part 1 of the 1965 Act, in so far as not modified by or inconsistent with the provisions of this Order, applies to the acquisition of land under this Order—

(a)as it applies to a compulsory purchase to which the 1981 Act applies; and

(b)as if this Order were a compulsory purchase order under that Act.

(2) Part 1 of the 1965 Act, as applied by paragraph (1), has effect with the following modifications.

(3) Omit section 4 (which provides a time limit for compulsory purchase of land).

(4) In section 4A(1)(34) (extension of time limit during challenge) for “section 23 of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (application to the High Court in respect of compulsory purchase order), the three year period mentioned in section 4”, substitute “section 22 of the Transport and Works Act 1992 (validity of orders under section 1 or 3), the five year period mentioned in article 29 (time limit for exercise of powers of acquisition) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018(35)”.

(5) In section 11(1B)(36) (powers of entry) in a case where the notice to treat relates only to the acquisition of an easement or other right over land, for “3 months” substitute “1 month”.

(6) In section 11A(37) (powers of entry: further notices of entry)—

(a)in subsection (1)(a), after “land” insert “under that provision”;

(b)in subsection (2), after “land” insert “under that provision”.

(7) In section 22(2) (expiry of time limit for exercise of compulsory purchase power not to affect acquisition of interests omitted from purchase), for “section 4 of this Act” substitute “article 29 (time limit for exercise of powers of acquisition) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018(38)”.

(8) In Schedule 2A(39) (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in notice to treat)—

(a)for paragraphs 1(2) and 14(2) substitute—

(2) But see articles 21(4) (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights) and 22(3) (power to acquire subsoil or airspace only) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018, which exclude acquisition with respect to ground anchor rights only and the acquisition of subsoil or airspace only from this Schedule.; and

(b)after paragraph 29, insert—

PART 4INTERPRETATION

30.  In this Schedule, references to entering on and taking possession of land do not include doing so under article 15 (protective works to buildings), 24 (temporary use of land for construction of works) or 25 (temporary use of land for maintenance of works) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018.

Application of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981

19.—(1) The Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981(40) applies as if this Order were a compulsory purchase order.

(2) The Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981, as applied by paragraph (1), has effect with the following modifications.

(3) In section 5 (earliest date for execution of declaration), in subsection (2), omit the words from “, and this subsection” to the end.

(4) Omit section 5A(41) (time limit for general vesting declaration).

(5) In section 5B(42) (extension of time limit during challenge) for “section 23 of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (application to High Court in respect of compulsory purchase order), the three year period mentioned in section 5A” substitute “section 22 of the Transport and Works Act 1992 (validity of orders under section 1 or 3), the five year period mentioned in article 29 (time limit for exercise of powers of acquisition) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018”.

(6) In section 6(43) (notices after execution of declaration), in subsection (1)(b), for “section 15 of, or paragraph 6 of Schedule 1 to, the Acquisition of Land Act 1981” substitute “section 14A of the Transport and Works Act 1992”.

(7) In section 7(44) (constructive notice to treat) in subsection (1)(a), omit “(as modified by section 4 of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981)”.

(8) In Schedule A1(45) (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in general vesting declaration) for paragraph 1(2) substitute—

(2) But see articles 21(4) (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights) and 22(3) (power to acquire subsoil or airspace only) of the Network Rail (Hope Valley Capacity) Order 2018, which exclude acquisition with respect to ground anchor rights only and the acquisition of subsoil or airspace only from this Schedule.; and

(9) References to the 1965 Act are construed as references to that Act as applied to the acquisition of land under article 17 (power to acquire land).

Power to acquire new rights

20.—(1) Network Rail may acquire compulsorily such easements or other rights over any land referred to in paragraphs 1(a) or (b) of article 17 (power to acquire land) as may be required for any purpose for which that land may be acquired under that provision, by creating them as well as by acquiring easements or other rights already in existence.

(2) Network Rail may impose restrictive covenants affecting any land referred to in article 21(1) (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights) as may be required for the purposes referred to in article 21(6).

(3) In the case of the land specified in Schedule 7 (acquisition of new rights only) Network Rail’s powers of compulsory acquisition are limited to the acquisition of such new rights as may be required for the purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule.

(4) Subject to Schedule 2A (counter-notice requiring purchase of land) to the 1965 Act (as substituted by paragraph 5(8) of Schedule 6 (modification of compensation and compulsory purchase enactments for creation or imposition of new rights)) where Network Rail acquires a right over land or the benefit of a restrictive covenant under paragraph (1), paragraph (3), article 21(2) or article 21(6) Network Rail is not required to acquire a greater interest in that land.

(5) Schedule 6 has effect for the purpose of modifying the enactments relating to compensation and the provisions of the 1965 Act in their application in relation to the compulsory acquisition under this article or article 21(2) of a right over land by the creation of a new right or the imposition of a restrictive covenant under article 21(6).

(6) In any case where the acquisition of new rights under paragraph (1) is required for the purpose of diverting, replacing or protecting apparatus of an undertaker Network Rail may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, transfer the power to acquire such rights to the undertaker in question.

(7) The exercise by an undertaker of any power in accordance with a transfer under paragraph (6) is subject to the same restrictions, liabilities and obligations as would apply under this Order if that power were exercised by Network Rail.

(8) In paragraphs (6) and (7) “undertaker” means—

(a)any person who is a statutory undertaker for the purposes of the 1990 Act;

(b)any public communications provider within the meaning of section 15(1) of the 2003 Act; and

(c)the owners of the oil pipeline situated within the plots numbered 3, 3a, 3b, 12, 13, 14, 14a, 15, 15a, 16, 17, 17a, 18a, 20, 20a, 21, 21a, 22, 22a, 23, 23a, and 23b in the County of Derbyshire, Peak District National Park.

Cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights

21.—(1) This article applies to—

(a)the plots numbered 5, 7, 9 and 12 in the County of Derbyshire, Peak District National Park; and

(b)the plots numbered 42, 43, 44 and 45 in the City of Sheffield.

(2) Network Rail’s powers of compulsory acquisition under article 17 (power to acquire land) as respects the land referred to in paragraph (1) are limited to the acquisition of ground anchor rights in the subsoil of the land and the imposition of restrictive or other covenants under paragraph (6).

(3) Where Network Rail acquires ground anchor rights in the subsoil of land to which this article applies or imposes a covenant under paragraph (6) affecting the land, it is not required to acquire a greater interest in the land or any other interest in any part of it.

(4) The following do not apply in connection with the exercise of the power under paragraph (2) in relation to ground anchor rights or under paragraph (6) in relation to the imposition of restrictive or other covenants—

(a)Schedule 2A (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in notice to treat) to the 1965 Act;

(b)Schedule A1 (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in general vesting declaration) to the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981; and

(c)section 153(4A) (blighted land: proposed acquisition of part interest; material detriment test) of the 1990 Act.

(5) In this article “ground anchor rights” means—

(a)rights to insert ground anchors or soil nails into the subsoil, or to carry out other subsoil works, for the purpose of strengthening and stabilising Work No. 2, Work No. 3 and Work No. 6; and

(b)rights to maintain the ground anchors, soil nails or other subsoil works referred to in sub-paragraph (a).

(6) In addition to acquiring ground anchor rights over the land referred to in paragraph (1), Network Rail may impose such restrictive or other covenants affecting the land as may be required for the purposes of maintaining or protecting the ground anchors, soil nails or other subsoil works referred to in paragraph (5)(a).

Power to acquire subsoil or airspace only

22.—(1) Network Rail may acquire compulsorily so much of, or such rights in, the subsoil of or the airspace over the land referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) of article 17 (power to acquire land) as may be required for any purpose for which that land may be acquired under that provision instead of acquiring the whole of the land.

(2) Where Network Rail acquires any part of, or rights in, the subsoil of or the airspace over land under paragraph (1), Network Rail is not required to acquire an interest in any other part of the land.

(3) The following do not apply in connection with the exercise of the power under paragraph (1) in relation to subsoil or airspace only—

(a)Schedule 2A (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in notice to treat) to the 1965 Act;

(b)Schedule A1 (counter-notice requiring purchase of land not in general vesting declaration) to the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981; and

(c)section 153(4A) (blighted land: proposed acquisition of part interest; material detriment test) of the 1990 Act.

(4) Paragraphs (2) and (3) are to be disregarded where Network Rail acquires a cellar, vault, arch or other construction forming part of a house, building or manufactory or airspace above a house, building or manufactory.

Rights under or over streets

23.—(1) Network Rail may enter upon and appropriate so much of the subsoil of, or airspace over, any street within the Order limits as may be required for the purposes of the authorised works and may use the subsoil or airspace for those purposes or any other purpose ancillary to its railway undertaking.

(2) Subject to paragraph (4), the power under paragraph (1) may be exercised in relation to a street without Network Rail being required to acquire any part of the street or any easement or right in the street.

(3) Subject to paragraph (5), any person who is an owner or occupier of land in respect of which the power of appropriation conferred by paragraph (1) is exercised without Network Rail acquiring any part of that person’s interest in the land, and who suffers loss by the exercise of that power, is entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(4) Paragraph (2) does not apply in relation to—

(a)any subway or underground building; or

(b)any cellar, vault, arch or other construction in, on or under a street which forms part of a building fronting onto the street.

(5) Compensation is not payable under paragraph (3) to any person who is an undertaker to whom section 85 (sharing of cost of necessary measures) of the 1991 Act applies in respect of measures of which the allowable costs are to be borne in accordance with that section.

Temporary Possession of Land

Temporary use of land for construction of works

24.—(1) Network Rail may, in connection with the carrying out of the authorised works—

(a)enter upon and take temporary possession of—

(i)the land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 8 (land of which temporary possession may be taken) for the purpose specified in relation to that land in column (3) of that Schedule relating to the authorised works (or any of those works) specified in column (4) of that Schedule; and

(ii)any other land within the Order limits in respect of which no notice of entry has been served under section 11(46) (powers of entry) of the 1965 Act (other than in connection with the acquisition of rights only) and no declaration has been made under section 4(47) (execution of declaration) of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981;

(b)remove any buildings and vegetation from that land;

(c)construct temporary works (including the provision of means of access) and buildings on that land;

(d)temporarily occupy and use airspace for the purposes of the operation of a crane in connection with the construction of the authorised works; and

(e)construct any permanent works specified in relation to that land in column (3) of Schedule 8 or any other permanent mitigation works.

(2) Not less than 14 days before entering upon and taking temporary possession of land under this article Network Rail must serve notice of the intended entry on the owners and occupiers of the land.

(3) Network Rail may not, without the agreement of the owners of the land, remain in possession of any land under this article—

(a)in the case of land specified in columns (1) and (2) of Schedule 8, after the end of the period of one year beginning with the date of completion of the work specified in relation to that land in column (4) of Schedule 8; or

(b)in the case of land referred to in paragraph (1)(a)(ii), after the end of the period of one year beginning with the date of completion of the work for which temporary possession of the land was taken unless Network Rail has, before the end of that period, served a notice of entry under section 11 of the 1965 Act or made a declaration under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981.

(4) Before giving up possession of land of which temporary possession has been taken under this article, Network Rail must remove all temporary works and restore the land to the reasonable satisfaction of the owners of the land, but Network Rail is not required to—

(a)replace a building removed under this article; or

(b)restore the land on which any works have been constructed under paragraph 1(e).

(5) Network Rail must pay compensation to the owners and occupiers of land of which temporary possession is taken under this article for any loss or damage arising from the exercise in relation to the land of the powers conferred by this article.

(6) Any dispute as to a person’s entitlement to compensation under paragraph (5), or as to the amount of the compensation, is to be determined under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(7) Without affecting article 42 (no double recovery), nothing in this article affects any liability to pay compensation under section 10(2)(48) (further provisions as to compensation for injurious affection) of the 1965 Act or under any other enactment in respect of loss or damage arising from the execution of any works, other than loss or damage for which compensation is payable under paragraph (5).

(8) The powers of compulsory acquisition of land conferred by this Order do not apply in relation to the land referred to in paragraph (1)(a)(i) except that Network Rail is not precluded over any part of that land, from—

(a)acquiring new rights under article 20 (power to acquire new rights); or

(b)acquiring ground anchor rights or imposing restrictive covenants under article 21 (cases where powers of acquisition limited to ground anchor rights).

(9) Where Network Rail takes possession of land under this article, Network Rail is not required to acquire the land or any interest in it.

(10) Section 13(49) (refusal to give possession to acquiring authority) of the 1965 Act applies to the temporary use of land under this article to the same extent as it applies to the acquisition of land under this Order by virtue of article 18(1) (application of Part 1 of the 1965 Act).

Temporary use of land for maintenance of works

25.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), at any time during the maintenance period relating to any of the scheduled works, Network Rail may—

(a)enter upon and take temporary possession of any land within the Order limits if such possession is reasonably required for the purpose of maintaining the work or any ancillary works connected with it; and

(b)construct such temporary works (including the provision of means of access) and buildings on the land as may be reasonably necessary for that purpose.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not authorise Network Rail to take temporary possession of—

(a)any house or garden belonging to a house; or

(b)any building (other than a house) if it is for the time being occupied.

(3) Not less than 28 days before entering upon and taking temporary possession of land under this article Network Rail must serve notice of the intended entry on the owners and occupiers of the land.

(4) Network Rail may only remain in possession of land under this article for so long as may be reasonably necessary to carry out the maintenance of works for which possession of the land was taken.

(5) Before giving up possession of land of which temporary possession has been taken under this article, Network Rail must remove all temporary works and restore the land to the reasonable satisfaction of the owners of the land.

(6) Network Rail must pay compensation to the owners and occupiers of land of which temporary possession is taken under this article for any loss or damage arising from the exercise in relation to the land of the powers conferred by this article.

(7) Any dispute as to a person’s entitlement to compensation under paragraph (6), or as to the amount of the compensation, is to be determined under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(8) Without affecting article 42 (no double recovery), nothing in this article affects any liability to pay compensation under section 10(2) (further provisions as to compensation for injurious affection) of the 1965 Act or under any other enactment in respect of loss or damage arising from the execution of any works, other than loss or damage for which compensation is payable under paragraph (6).

(9) Where Network Rail takes possession of land under this article, Network Rail is not required to acquire the land or any interest in it.

(10) Section 13 of the 1965 Act applies to the temporary use of land under this article to the same extent as it applies to the acquisition of land under this Order by virtue of article 18(1) (application of Part 1 of the 1965 Act).

(11) In this article “the maintenance period”, in relation to a scheduled work, means the period of 5 years beginning with the date on which the work is opened for use.

Compensation

Disregard of certain interests and improvements

26.—(1) In assessing the compensation payable to any person on the acquisition from that person of any land under this Order, the tribunal must not take into account—

(a)any interest in land; or

(b)any enhancement of the value of any interest in land by reason of any building erected, works executed or improvement or alteration made on relevant land,

if the tribunal is satisfied that the creation of the interest, the erection of the building, the execution of the works or the making of the improvement or alteration was not reasonably necessary and was undertaken with a view to obtaining compensation or increased compensation.

(2) In paragraph (1) “relevant land” means the land acquired from the person concerned or any other land with which that person is, or was at the time when the building was erected, the works executed or the improvement or alteration made, directly or indirectly concerned.

Set-off for enhancement in value of retained land

27.—(1) In assessing the compensation payable to any person in respect of the acquisition from that person under this Order of any land (including the subsoil) the tribunal must set off against the value of the land so acquired any increase in value of any contiguous or adjacent land belonging to that person in the same capacity which will accrue to that person by reason of the construction of the authorised works.

(2) In assessing the compensation payable to any person in respect of the acquisition from that person of any new rights over land (including the subsoil), or the imposition of restrictive covenants, under this Order, the tribunal must set off against the value of the rights so acquired or restrictive covenants imposed—

(a)any increase in the value of the land over which the new rights are required or restrictive covenants are imposed; and

(b)any increase in value of any contiguous or adjacent land belonging to that person in the same capacity,

which will accrue to that person by reason of the construction of the authorised works.

(3) The 1961 Act has effect, subject to paragraphs (1) and (2), as if this Order were a local enactment for the purposes of that Act.

Supplementary

Extinction or suspension of private rights of way

28.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this article all private rights of way over land subject to compulsory acquisition under this Order are extinguished—

(a)as from the date of acquisition of the land by Network Rail, whether compulsorily or by agreement; or

(b)on the date of entry on the land by Network Rail under section 11(1)(50) (powers of entry) of the 1965 Act,

whichever is the sooner.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this article in respect of land owned by Network Rail and required for the purposes of this Order all private rights of way are extinguished on the appropriation of the land for any of those purposes by Network Rail.

(3) Subject to the provisions of this article, all private rights of way over land subject to the compulsory acquisition of rights or the imposition of restrictive covenants under this Order are extinguished in so far as their continuance would be inconsistent with the exercise of the right or the burden of the restrictive covenant—

(a)as from the date of the acquisition of the right or the imposition of the restrictive covenant by Network Rail, whether compulsorily or by agreement; or

(b)on the date of entry on the land by Network Rail under section 11(1) of the 1965 Act in pursuance of the right,

whichever is the sooner.

(4) Subject to the provisions of this article all private rights of way over land of which Network Rail takes temporary possession under this Order are suspended and unenforceable for as long as Network Rail remains in lawful possession of the land.

(5) Subject to paragraph (7), any person who suffers loss by the extinguishment or suspension of any private right of way under this article is entitled to compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

(6) This article does not apply in relation to any right of way to which section 271 or 272 (extinguishment of rights of statutory undertakers etc.) of the 1990 Act(51) applies.

(7) Paragraphs (1), (2), (3) and (4) have effect subject to—

(a)any notice given by Network Rail before the completion of the acquisition of the land, Network Rail’s appropriation of it, Network Rail’s entry onto it or Network Rail taking temporary possession of it that any or all of those paragraphs do not apply to any right of way specified in the notice; and

(b)any agreement made (whether before or after any of the events mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) and before or after the coming into force of this Order) which makes reference to this article between Network Rail and the person in or to whom the right of way in question is vested or belongs.

(8) If any such agreement as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (7)(b) which is expressed to have effect also for the benefit of those deriving title from or under the person in or to whom the right of way in question is vested or belongs, is effective in respect of the persons so deriving title, whether the title was derived before or after the making of the agreement.

Time limit for exercise of powers of acquisition

29.—(1) After the end of the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which this Order comes into force—

(a)no notice to treat is to be served under Part 1 of the 1965 Act as applied to the acquisition of land by article 18 (application of Part 1 of the 1965 Act); and

(b)no declaration is to be executed under section 4 (execution of declaration) of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981 as applied by article 19 (application of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981).

(2) The powers conferred by article 24 (temporary use of land for construction of works) cease at the end of the period referred to in paragraph (1), except that nothing in this paragraph prevents Network Rail remaining in possession of land after the end of that period, if the land was entered and possession of it was taken before the end of that period.

PART 4MISCELLANEOUS AND GENERAL

Defence to proceedings in respect of statutory nuisance

30.—(1) Where proceedings are brought under section 82(1) (summary proceedings by person aggrieved by statutory nuisances) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990(52) in relation to a nuisance falling within paragraph (g) of section 79(1)(53) of that Act (noise emitted from premises so as to be prejudicial to health or a nuisance), no order is to be made, and no fine may be imposed, under section 82(2) of that Act if the defendant shows—

(a)that the nuisance relates to premises used by Network Rail for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise of the powers conferred by this Order with respect to authorised works and that the nuisance is attributable to the carrying out of authorised works which are being carried out in accordance with a notice served under section 60 (control of noise on construction sites), or a consent given under section 61(54) (prior consent for work on construction sites) or section 65(55) (noise exceeding registered level), of the Control of Pollution Act 1974(56); or

(b)that the nuisance is a consequence of the operation of the authorised works and that it cannot reasonably be avoided.

(2) The following provisions of the Control of Pollution Act 1974—

(a)section 61(9); and

(b)section 65(8),

do not apply where the consent relates to the use of premises by Network Rail for the purposes of or in connection with the exercise of the powers conferred by this Order with respect to works.

(3) The provisions of this article do not affect the application to the authorised works of section 122 (statutory authority as a defence to actions in nuisance, etc.) of the Railways Act 1993(57) or any rule of common law having similar effect.

Planning permission

31.  Planning permission which is deemed by a direction under section 90(2A)(58) (development with government authorisation) of the 1990 Act to be granted in relation to the authorised works is to be treated as specific planning permission for the purposes of section 264(3)(a) (cases in which land is to be treated as operational land of the purposes of that Act) of that Act.

Power to lop trees overhanging the authorised works

32.—(1) Network Rail may fell or lop any tree or shrub near any part of the authorised works, or cut back its roots, if it reasonably believes it to be necessary to do so to prevent the tree or shrub—

(a)from obstructing or interfering with the construction, maintenance or operation of the authorised works or any apparatus used on the authorised works; or

(b)from constituting a danger to passengers or other persons using the authorised works.

(2) In exercising the powers conferred by paragraph (1), Network Rail must not cause unnecessary damage to any tree or shrub and must pay compensation to any person for any loss or damage arising from the exercise of those powers.

(3) Any dispute as to a person’s entitlement to compensation under paragraph (2), or as to the amount of compensation, is to be determined under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.

Power to operate and use railway

33.—(1) Network Rail may operate and use the railway and other authorised works as a system, or part of a system, of transport for the carriage of passengers and goods.

(2) Nothing in this Order, or in any enactment incorporated with or applied by this Order, affects the operation of Part 1 (the provision of railway services) of the Railways Act 1993(59).

Obstruction of construction of authorised works

34.  Any person who, without reasonable excuse—

(a)obstructs any person acting under the authority of Network Rail in setting out the lines of the scheduled works or in constructing any authorised work; or

(b)interferes with, moves or removes any apparatus belonging to any person acting under the authority of Network Rail,

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Temporary traffic regulation

35.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this article Network Rail, may for the purposes of and during the construction of the authorised works—

(a)permit, prohibit, suspend or restrict the stopping, waiting, parking, loading or unloading of vehicles in the manner specified in Part 1 of Schedule 9 (temporary traffic regulation) on those streets specified in column (3) and between the points and to the extent specified in columns (4) and (5) of that Part of that Schedule; and

(b)make provision as to the restriction on the speed of vehicular traffic in the manner specified in Part 2 of Schedule 9 on the streets specified in column (3) between the points and to the extent specified in column (4) of that Part of that Schedule; and

(c)so far as may be necessary or expedient for the purposes of or in connection with construction of the authorised works—

(i)revoke, amend or suspend in whole or in part any order made, or having effect as if made, under the 1984 Act;

(ii)permit, prohibit or restrict the stopping, waiting, loading or unloading of vehicles on any road;

(iii)suspend or authorise the use as a parking place of any road;

(iv)make provision as to the direction or priority of vehicular traffic on any road; and

(v)permit or prohibit vehicular access to any road,

either at all times or at times, on days or during such periods as may be specified by Network Rail.

(2) The powers conferred by paragraph (1)(c) may only be exercised after Network Rail has consulted the chief officer of police and such other persons as it considers necessary and appropriate, after Network Rail has taken into consideration any representations made to it by any such person and after Network Rail has obtained the consent of the traffic authority in whose area the road concerned is situated (which must not be unreasonably withheld but may be given subject to reasonable conditions).

(3) Network Rail must not exercise the powers conferred by this article in relation to any road unless it has—

(a)given not less than 4 weeks’ notice in writing of its intention so to do to the chief officer of police and to the traffic authority in whose area the road is situated; and

(b)advertised its intention in such manner as the traffic authority may within 7 days of its receipt of notice of Network Rail’s intention specify in writing.

(4) Any prohibition, suspension or other provision made by Network Rail under paragraph (1) has effect as if duly made by, as the case may be—

(a)the traffic authority in whose area the road is situated, as a traffic regulation order under the 1984 Act; or

(b)the local authority in whose area the road is situated, as an order under section 32 of the 1984 Act,

and the instrument by which it is effected may specify savings and exemptions (in addition to those mentioned in Schedule 9) to which the prohibition, restriction or other provision is subject.

(5) Any prohibition, restriction or other provision made under this article may be suspended, varied or revoked by Network Rail from time to time by subsequent exercise of the powers of paragraph (1).

(6) Expressions used in this article and in the 1984 Act have the same meaning in this article as in that Act.

(7) The powers conferred on Network Rail by this article with respect to any road have effect subject to any agreement entered into by Network Rail with any person with an interest in (or who undertakes activities in relation to) premises served by the road.

Traffic signs

36.—(1) Network Rail may, for the purposes of the construction of the authorised works, place or maintain traffic signs on any street within the Order limits or which gives access to such a street, or on any street in connection with any instrument made under article 35 (temporary traffic regulation) or any other street as reasonably required for conveying information to traffic.

(2) Network Rail—

(a)must consult with the traffic authority as to the placing of traffic signs; and

(b)may subject to any directions given under section 65 (powers and duties of highway authorities as to placing of traffic signs) of the 1984 Act, enter into arrangements with the consent of the traffic authority for the traffic signs to be placed and maintained by the traffic authority, such consent not to be unreasonably withheld.

(3) Any power conferred by section 65 of the 1984 Act to give directions to a traffic authority or local traffic authority as to traffic signs includes a power to give directions to Network Rail as to traffic signs under this article; and the powers conferred by paragraph (1) are exercisable subject to and in conformity with any directions given under that section.

(4) A traffic authority or other authority having power under or by virtue of the 1984 Act to place and maintain, or cause to be placed and maintained, traffic signs on any street referred to in paragraph (1) must consult with Network Rail as to the placing of any traffic signs which may affect the authorised works.

(5) Expressions used in this article and in the 1984 Act have the same meaning in this article as in that Act.

Disclosure of confidential information

37.  A person who—

(a)enters a factory, workshop or workplace under the provisions of article 15 (protective works to buildings) or article 16 (power to survey and investigate land); and

(b)discloses to any person any information obtained as a result of that entry and relating to any manufacturing process or trade secret,

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale unless the disclosure is made in the course of that person’s performance of a duty in connection with the purposes for which the person was authorised to enter the land.

Statutory undertakers etc.

38.  The provisions of Schedule 10 (provisions relating to statutory undertakers etc.) have effect.

Protection of interests

39.  Schedule 11 (protective provisions) has effect.

Certification of plans etc.

40.  Network Rail must, as soon as practicable after the making of this Order, submit copies of the book of reference, the deposited plans, the deposited sections and the traffic regulation plans to the Secretary of State for certification that they are, respectively, true copies of the book of reference, the deposited plans, the deposited sections and the traffic regulation plans referred to in this Order; and a document so certified is admissible in any proceedings as evidence of the contents of the document of which it is a copy.

Service of notices

41.—(1) A notice or other document required or authorised to be served for the purposes of this Order may be served—

(a)by post; or

(b)with the consent of the recipient and subject to paragraphs (6) to (8) by electronic transmission.

(2) Where the person on whom a notice or other document to be served for the purposes of this Order is a body corporate, the notice or document is duly served if it is served on the secretary or clerk of that body.

(3) For the purposes of section 7 (references to service by post) of the Interpretation Act 1978(60) as it applies for the purposes of this article, the proper address of any person in relation to the service on that person of a notice or document under paragraph (1) is, if that person has given an address for service, that address, and otherwise—

(a)in the case of the secretary or clerk of a body corporate, the registered or principal office of that body; and

(b)in any other case, the last known address of that person at the time of service.

(4) Where for the purposes of this Order a notice or other document is required or authorised to be served on a person as having any interest in, or as the occupier of, land and the name or address of that person cannot be ascertained after reasonable enquiry, the notice may be served by—

(a)addressing it to that person by name or by the description of “owner”, or as the case may be “occupier”, of the land (describing it); and

(b)either leaving it in the hands of a person who is or appears to be resident or employed on the land or leaving it conspicuously affixed to some building or object on or near the land.

(5) Where a notice or other document required to be served or sent for the purposes of this Order is served or sent by electronic transmission the requirement is taken to be fulfilled where the recipient of the notice or other document to be transmitted has given consent to the use of electronic transmission either in writing or by electronic transmission.

(6) Where the recipient of a notice or other document served or sent by electronic transmission notifies the sender within 7 days of receipt that the recipient requires a paper copy of all or any part of that notice or other document the sender must provide such a copy as soon as reasonably practicable.

(7) Any consent to the use of electronic transmission given by a person may be revoked by that person in accordance with paragraph (8).

(8) Where a person is no longer willing to accept the use of electronic transmission for any of the purposes of this Order—

(a)that person must give notice in writing or by electronic transmission revoking any consent given by that person for that purpose; and

(b)such revocation is final and takes effect on a date specified by the person in the notice but that date must not be less than 7 days after the date on which the notice is given.

(9) This article does not be taken to exclude the employment of any method of service not expressly provided for by it.

No double recovery

42.  Compensation is not payable in respect of the same matter both under this Order and under any other enactment, any contract or any rule of law.

Arbitration

43.  Any difference under any provision of this Order, unless otherwise provided for, must be referred to and settled by a single arbitrator to be agreed between the parties or, failing agreement, to be appointed on the application of either party (after giving notice in writing to the other) by the President of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

Natasha Kopala

Head of the Transport and Works Act Orders Unit

Department for Transport

28th March 2018

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as made version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources