CoronavirusSee Coronavirus legislation
on legislation.gov.uk
Get Coronavirus guidance from GOV.UK
Additional advice for Scotland | Wales | Northern Ireland

Search Legislation

The Emissions Performance Standard Regulations 2015

 Help about what version

What Version

  • Latest available (Revised)
  • Original (As made)

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made). This item of legislation is currently only available in its original format.

Statutory Instruments

2015 No. 933

Electricity

The Emissions Performance Standard Regulations 2015

Made

24th March 2015

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1(1)

The Secretary of State has before making these Regulations—

(a)obtained the consent of the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment in Northern Ireland in accordance with section 62(10) of the Energy Act 2013(1), and

(b)consulted the Scottish Ministers and the Welsh Ministers and such other persons as the Secretary of State considered appropriate in accordance with section 62(11) of that Act.

In accordance with section 62(3) of that Act, a draft of this instrument was laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Accordingly, the Secretary of State, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 57(6) to (8), 60 and 62(9) of, and Schedules 4 and 5 to, the Energy Act 2013, makes the following Regulations:

PART 1

Citation, commencement, extent and application

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Emissions Performance Standard Regulations 2015, and come into force on the day after the day on which they are made.

(2) Parts 1 and 2 of these Regulations extend to the United Kingdom.

(3) Part 3 of these Regulations applies to England only.

Interpretation

2.  In these Regulations—

“the Act” means the Energy Act 2013;

“associated gasification plant” has the meaning given by regulation 5;

“CCS notification” means a notification under regulation 10;

“CHPQA certificate” means a certificate issued by the Secretary of State in which is reported the amount specified as CHP Qualifying Heat Output (as defined in the CHPQA standard) applying to the relevant fossil fuel plant;

“CHPQA standard” means the Combined Heat and Power Quality Assurance Standard, Issue 5, November 2013(2);

“civil penalty notice” means a notice issued under regulation 15;

“combined heat and power generating station” means a generating station which is (or may be) operated in order to supply to any premises—

(a)

heat produced in association with the electricity generated; or

(b)

steam produced from, or air or water heated by, such heat;

“emissions limit notification” means a notification under regulation 9;

“enforcement notice” means a notice issued under regulation 14;

“EPS annual emissions” is to be construed in accordance with regulations 7 and 8;

“EPS annual emissions notification” means a notification under regulation 11;

“generating station” means a station which generates electricity;

“generating unit” means any combination of generators, boilers, turbines, or other prime movers that are physically connected as one unit and operated together to produce electricity independently of any other unit;

“the GGETS Regulations” means the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme Regulations 2012(3);

“Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permit” means a permit granted under regulation 10 of the GGETS Regulations;

“Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report” means a report required to be submitted by an operator by Article 67(1) of the Monitoring and Reporting Regulation(4);

“information notice” is a notice issued under regulation 13;

“installed generating capacity”, in relation to a generating station or generating unit, means the maximum capacity of electricity generation (in MW) at which that generating station or generating unit could be operated for a sustained period without damage being caused to it (assuming the source of energy used to generate electricity is available without interruption);

“main boiler” means any fired vessel or vessels used to produce steam as part of a generating unit—

(a)

with a total thermal capacity in excess of 300MWth; and

(b)

in which any mixture of fossil fuel in gaseous, liquid or pulverised solid form is combusted;

“the Monitoring and Reporting Regulation” means Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council(5);

“MW” means megawatts;

“MWth” means megawatt of thermal output;

“operator”, in relation to a relevant fossil fuel plant, means the person required to hold a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permit for the relevant fossil fuel plant;

“relevant fossil fuel plant” means a fossil fuel plant to which the emissions limit duty applies under the Act or a generating unit to which the emissions limit duty applies by virtue of regulation 3;

“source stream” has the same meaning as in Article 3(4) of the Monitoring and Reporting Regulation;

“the Verification Regulation” means Commission Regulation (EU) No 600/2012 on the verification of greenhouse gas emission reports and tonne-kilometre reports and the accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council(6); and

“verified” means verified in accordance with the Verification Regulation.

PART 2Emissions limit duty

Application of emissions limit duty to additional cases

3.—(1) The emissions limit duty applies to a generating unit which satisfies the conditions in paragraphs (2) and (3).

(2) The condition in this paragraph is that the generating unit uses—

(a)fossil fuel; or

(b)fuel produced by gasification plant.

(3) The conditions in this paragraph are that—

(a)the generating station in which the generating unit is located was the subject of a relevant consent granted before 18th February 2014; and

(b)on or after 18th February 2014—

(i)any main boiler in that generating unit is replaced; or

(ii)an additional main boiler is installed in the generating unit.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(a), a generating station is to be treated as the subject of a relevant consent if, by virtue of a consent or approval granted before section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989(7) or Article 39 of the Electricity (Northern Ireland) Order 1992(8) came into force, no relevant consent was required in respect of it.

(5) The emissions limit duty does not apply to any generating equipment of a generating station in which the generating unit is located if that equipment is installed for safety purposes or for use in an emergency.

(6) In paragraph (5), “emergency” means an occurrence which involves a risk to the health or safety of persons or to the safe operation of the generating station.

Modification of emissions limit

4.—(1) Paragraph (3) applies to a relevant fossil fuel plant in respect of any year in which the plant meets any of the conditions in paragraph (2).

(2) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1) are that during the year in question—

(a)the relevant fossil fuel plant is used for the first time for the generation of electricity;

(b)the relevant fossil fuel plant permanently ceases to be used for the generation of electricity;

(c)the emissions limit duty does not apply in relation to a generating unit in the relevant fossil fuel plant by virtue of section 58 of the Act; or

(d)the installed generating capacity of the generating station is altered.

(3) Where this paragraph applies, the emissions limit of the relevant fossil fuel plant for the purposes of section 57 of the Act and regulations 9 and 11 is EL(revised) tonnes of carbon dioxide, calculated in accordance with paragraph (4).

(4) In paragraph (3), EL(revised) means—

(a)if the condition in paragraph (2)(a) applies—

where—

EL is to be calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act as it applies without the modifications required to be made by paragraph (3); and

N is the number of days of the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant generated electricity after the relevant fossil fuel plant commences generation, including the day on which the generation commenced;

(b)if the condition in paragraph 2(b) applies—

where—

EL is to be calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act as it applies without the modifications required to be made by paragraph (3);

N is the number of days of the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant generated electricity before the relevant fossil fuel plant ceased generation, including the day on which the generation ceased;

(c)if the condition in paragraph (2)(c) applies—

where—

C(revised) is the installed generating capacity of the relevant fossil fuel plant comprised of the generating units not covered by an exemption under section 58 of the Act;

D is the number of days in the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant generated electricity where an exemption under section 58 of the Act applied;

EL is to be calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act as it applies without the modifications required to be made by paragraph (3);

N is the number of days in the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant operated where an exemption under section 58 of the Act did not apply; and

R is the statutory rate of emissions, in g/kWh;

(d)if the condition in paragraph (2)(d) applies—

where—

C(revised) is the installed generating capacity of the relevant fossil fuel plant after the alteration;

D is the number of days in the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant generated electricity after the alteration, including the day on which the fossil fuel plant first generated electricity with the altered installed generating capacity;

EL is to be calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act as it applies without the modifications required to be made by paragraph (3);

N is the number of days in the year in which the relevant fossil fuel plant generated electricity before the alteration in the installed generating capacity of that plant; and

R is the statutory rate of emissions, in g/kWh.

Associated gasification plant

5.  “Associated gasification plant” means any gasification plant where—

(a)that plant—

(i)uses fossil fuel; and

(ii)produces fuel from the fossil fuel; and

(b)the fuel so produced by that plant is used by a relevant fossil fuel plant to generate electricity.

Exemption for complete carbon capture and storage system

6.  The exemption from the emissions limit duty in section 58(1) of the Act applies only to those generating units which use a complete CCS system(9).

EPS annual emissions

7.  Subject to regulation 8, in respect of a relevant fossil fuel plant, the emissions from it that are attributable to the use of fossil fuel in any year (“EPS annual emissions”) are—

(a)the total emissions of carbon dioxide which are the direct result of operations and processes carried out in the generation of electricity during the year by that relevant fossil fuel plant; and

(b)if not already included in the total under paragraph (a), the total emissions of carbon dioxide directly attributable to the production of the fuel produced by any associated gasification plant and used by the fossil fuel plant in the generation of electricity in that year.

EPS annual emissions: reduction for CHPQA

8.  Where a relevant fossil fuel plant is a combined heat and power generating station, EPS annual emissions are—

where—

Eelectricity is the EPS annual emissions calculated in accordance with regulation 7 before the application of this regulation; and

CHPQHO is the amount specified as CHP Qualifying Heat Output in a CHPQA certificate applying to the relevant fossil fuel plant for that year (in MWth of thermal output).

PART 3Monitoring and Enforcement in England

Emissions limit notification duty

9.—(1) If any of the conditions in paragraph (3) are met in relation to a relevant fossil fuel plant, the operator of the plant must submit a notification (“an emissions limit notification”) to the Environment Agency within 31 days of the date on which the condition is met (or if more than one condition is met, within 31 days of the date on which the earliest condition is met).

(2) An emissions limit notification must state—

(a)the emissions limit (in tonnes of carbon dioxide) for the relevant fossil fuel plant, calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act and as modified, if applicable, by regulation 4;

(b)the installed generating capacity of the relevant fossil fuel plant; and

(c)the date on which the relevant fossil fuel plant commenced or is expected to commence generation.

(3) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1) are—

(a)that a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permit in relation to the relevant fossil fuel plant—

(i)is held by the operator on the date these Regulations come into force;

(ii)is granted to the operator after the date these Regulations come into force; or

(iii)is varied in relation to the amount of installed generating capacity covered by that permit after the date these Regulations come into force; or

(b)the emissions limit for the relevant fossil fuel plant is modified by regulation 4.

(4) An emissions limit notification must be submitted in such form and manner as the Environment Agency may reasonably require.

CCS notification

10.—(1) For the purposes of section 58 of the Act, the Environment Agency must not consider a complete CCS system to be ready for use unless it has first received from the operator a notification (“a CCS notification”) in respect of the system.

(2) A CCS notification must state—

(a)each generating unit within the relevant fossil fuel plant to which the complete CCS system relates;

(b)the installed generating capacity of all the generating units stated under sub-paragraph (a); and

(c)the date on which the operator wishes the complete CCS system to be considered ready for use.

(3) A CCS notification must be submitted in such form and manner as the Environment Agency may reasonably require.

EPS annual emissions notification

11.—(1) If the condition in paragraph (2) is satisfied in relation to a relevant fossil fuel plant, the operator of the plant must submit a notification (“an EPS annual emissions notification”) to the Environment Agency in accordance with paragraphs (4) and (5).

(2) The condition referred to in paragraph (1) is that the total of—

(a)the total emissions of carbon dioxide for the relevant fossil fuel plant reported in a verified Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report; and

(b)if applicable and where not otherwise included in the total under sub-paragraph (a), the total emissions of carbon dioxide directly attributable to the production of fuel produced from fossil fuel in any associated gasification plant used by the relevant fossil fuel plant for the same period as the report,

is greater than the emissions limit for that plant for the year covered by the report.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)—

(a)only emissions of carbon dioxide which relate to generating units reported in a verified Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report are to be included; and

(b)“emissions limit” means the emissions limit for the relevant fossil fuel plant calculated in accordance with section 57(1) of the Act and as modified, if applicable, by regulation 4.

(4) An EPS annual emissions notification must—

(a)state the EPS annual emissions for the relevant fossil fuel plant for the same period as the verified Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report referred to in paragraph (2), and for this purpose, the EPS annual emissions are to be calculated or measured in accordance with the methodology of the Monitoring and Reporting Regulation;

(b)identify source streams for each generating unit at the relevant fossil fuel plant to which the emissions limit duty applies;

(c)be submitted to the Environment Agency within 10 days of the submission of the verified Greenhouse Gas Emissions Report referred to in paragraph (2); and

(d)be submitted in such form and manner as the Environment Agency may reasonably require.

Charges

12.—(1) The Secretary of State may make, and from time to time revise, a scheme for the charging by the Environment Agency of fees or other charges for the carrying out of functions conferred on it by these Regulations (“an EPS charging scheme”).

(2) An EPS charging scheme may, in particular—

(a)make different provision for different cases, including different provision in relation to different persons in different circumstances or localities,

(b)provide for the times at which and the manner in which the payments required by the scheme are to be made, and

(c)make such incidental, supplementary and transitional provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(3) The Environment Agency may charge for the carrying out of functions conferred on it by these Regulations only as provided by an EPS charging scheme.

(4) An operator must pay a charge imposed under an EPS charging scheme on the operator and where there is a failure to do so—

(a)the notification to which the charge relates is to be treated as not having been made; and

(b)the amount of the charge an operator fails to pay may be recovered from the operator by the Environment Agency as a civil debt.

(5) An EPS charging scheme must be made publically available by the Secretary of State before it has effect.

Information notices

13.—(1) For any of the purposes mentioned in paragraph (2), the Environment Agency may, by notice served on an operator or the operator of an associated gasification plant (“an information notice”), require that person to furnish to the Environment Agency such information as is stated in the notice, in such form and within such period following service of the notice or at such time as is so stated.

(2) The purposes referred to in paragraph (1) are—

(a)investigating whether or not the operator has breached the emissions limit duty;

(b)investigating whether or not an operator has failed to comply with either or both of the duties in regulations 9 and 11;

(c)investigating whether a complete CCS system is ready for use; and

(d)investigating any of the following in relation to an associated gasification plant, for the purposes of calculating the emissions of a relevant fossil fuel plant—

(i)the carbon dioxide emissions of the associated gasification plant; and

(ii)the amount of fuel produced by the associated gasification plant and used by the relevant fossil fuel plant.

Enforcement notices

14.—(1) Where the Environment Agency is of the view that an operator has breached the emissions limit duty, the Environment Agency may serve a notice (“an enforcement notice”) on that operator.

(2) An enforcement notice may only be served in respect of a breach of the emissions limit duty in relation to—

(a)the year in which the notice is served; or

(b)the preceding year.

(3) An enforcement notice must state—

(a)the Environment Agency’s view under paragraph (1);

(b)the remedial action which the operator must take in respect of the breach; and

(c)the time by which the remedial action stated under sub-paragraph (b) must be taken.

(4) The time stated under paragraph (3)(c) must not be earlier than 21 days after the date of service of the enforcement notice.

(5) Subject to paragraph (6) and regulation 17, where an enforcement notice has been served on an operator, the operator must comply with the requirements of the enforcement notice.

(6) The Environment Agency may vary or withdraw an enforcement notice at any time by further notice served on the operator.

Civil penalty notices

15.—(1) Subject to paragraph (7), where the Environment Agency is of the view that an operator has breached the emissions limit duty, the Environment Agency may serve a notice (“a civil penalty notice”) on that operator which states the financial penalty which is payable in respect of that breach.

(2) A civil penalty notice must state—

(a)how the amount of the financial penalty imposed was calculated; and

(b)the date by which the amount payable under the civil penalty notice is to be paid in full.

(3) The financial penalty is to be set at a level that the Environment Agency considers will, if possible—

(a)remove any benefit derived by the operator from the breach of the emissions limit duty;

(b)be fair; and

(c)be proportionate.

(4) The financial penalty may include an amount in respect of the costs reasonably incurred by the Environment Agency in investigating and assessing the breach of the emissions limit duty.

(5) An operator must pay the amount payable under a civil penalty notice and if it is not paid in full by the date stated in the civil penalty notice, the amount payable may be recovered from the operator by the Environment Agency as a civil debt.

(6) The Environment Agency may vary or withdraw a civil penalty notice before it has been paid by further notice served on the operator.

(7) The Environment Agency may not impose a financial penalty in respect of a breach of the emissions limit duty in any year which began more than 5 years before the year in which the notice imposing the penalty is served.

(8) The Secretary of State may issue guidance (“EPS penalty guidance”) on the calculation of financial penalties.

(9) Where EPS penalty guidance is issued, the Environment Agency must have regard to that guidance when calculating the amount of a financial penalty to be imposed.

(10) Before issuing guidance under paragraph (8), the Secretary of State must consult—

(a)the Scottish Ministers;

(b)the Welsh Ministers;

(c)the Department of Environment; and

(d)such other persons or bodies as the Secretary State considers appropriate.

(11) Where EPS penalty guidance is issued, it must be made publically available by the Secretary of State before it has effect.

(12) The Environment Agency may state the manner and form in which any amount required to be paid by a civil penalty notice must be paid.

(13) Any sum received by the Environment Agency under this regulation must be paid into the Consolidated Fund.

Directions under section 59(2) of the Act

16.  Where the Secretary of State makes a direction under section 59(2) of the Act, the Environment Agency must—

(a)treat the emissions limit duty as suspended or modified as required by the direction; and

(b)comply with any requirement imposed on it by the direction.

Appeals

17.—(1) An operator may appeal to the First-tier Tribunal against—

(a)an enforcement notice; or

(b)a civil penalty notice.

(2) An appeal must be made within 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice subject to the appeal is served.

(3) Where an operator appeals under paragraph (1), any enforcement notice or civil penalty notice subject to that appeal is suspended until the appeal is determined by the First-tier Tribunal in accordance with paragraph (4).

(4) The First-tier Tribunal may—

(a)affirm the enforcement notice or civil penalty notice;

(b)direct the Environment Agency to vary or withdraw the enforcement notice or civil penalty notice; or

(c)impose such other enforcement notice or civil penalty notice as the First-tier Tribunal thinks fit.

Publication of information

18.—(1) Subject to paragraph (3), the Environment Agency may publish any of the information stated in paragraph (2) in relation to an enforcement notice or civil penalty notice on or after the later of—

(a)the day following expiry of the period for making an appeal against the imposition of the notice, if no appeal is made; or

(b)the determination or withdrawal of the appeal, if an appeal is made.

(2) The information referred to in paragraph (1) is—

(a)the identity of the operator subject to the enforcement notice or civil penalty notice;

(b)in the case of an enforcement notice, remedial action required to be taken to remedy the breach of the emissions limit duty;

(c)in the case of a civil penalty notice, the amount payable under the civil penalty notice; and

(d)if the notice has been the subject of an appeal under regulation 17, the result of that appeal.

(3) The Environment Agency must not publish the information stated in paragraph (2) in relation to an enforcement notice or civil penalty notice if—

(a)the operator is found on appeal not to have breached the emissions limit duty; or

(b)the enforcement notice or civil penalty notice has been withdrawn.

Enforcement by the High Court

19.—(1) If an operator fails to comply with a relevant obligation, the High Court may, on an application by the Environment Agency, make an order requiring the operator to comply with the relevant obligation.

(2) The Environment Agency may not apply to the High Court for an order under paragraph (1) if—

(a)the time for an appeal relating to the relevant obligation has not elapsed; or

(b)any appeal relating to the relevant obligation has not been determined.

(3) In paragraph (1), “a relevant obligation” means any obligation included in—

(a)an information notice;

(b)an enforcement notice; or

(c)a civil penalty notice.

Amendment of the GGETS Regulations

20.—(1) At the end of regulation 46(1)(a)(ii) of the GGETS Regulations, after “;” omit “or”.

(2) After regulation 46(1)(a)(iii) of the GGETS Regulations insert—

(iv)necessary for the performance of the Environment Agency’s functions in England under the Emissions Performance Standard Regulations 2015; or.

Documents

21.  The Schedule (documents) has effect.

Amber Rudd

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State

Department of Energy and Climate Change

24th March 2015

Regulation 21

SCHEDULEDocuments

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the provisions of this Schedule apply to any document issued under these Regulations.

(2) The provisions of this Schedule do not apply to—

(a)an emissions limit notification;

(b)a CCS notification; and

(c)an EPS annual emissions notification.

2.  A document must be in writing and dated.

3.  A document given to a person on a non-working day is to be treated as given on the next following working day.

4.  A document may be given to a person by—

(a)delivering it to that person in person;

(b)leaving it at that person’s proper address;

(c)sending it by post or fax to that person’s proper address;

(d)sending it by email to that person; or

(e)submitting it by means of a dedicated portal on that person’s website.

5.  For the purposes of paragraph 4(a), a document is given to—

(a)a body corporate, where it is given to a person having control or management of that body;

(b)a partnership, where it is given to a partner or a person having control or management of the partnership business;

(c)an unincorporated association, where it is given to a person having management responsibilities in respect of the association.

6.  For the purposes of paragraph 4(d), a document is given to—

(a)a body corporate, where it is sent to an email address of—

(i)the body corporate, or

(ii)a person having control or management of that body,

where that address is supplied by that body for the conduct of the affairs of that body;

(b)a partnership, where it is sent to an email address of—

(i)the partnership, or

(ii)a partner or a person having control or management of the partnership business,

where that address is supplied by that partnership for the conduct of the affairs of that partnership;

(c)an unincorporated association, where it is sent to an email address of a person having management responsibilities in respect of the association, where that address is supplied by that association for the conduct of the affairs of that association.

7.  A person may, in substitution for the proper address which would otherwise apply, state an address in the United Kingdom at which that person or someone on that person’s behalf may be given documents, which address is to be treated instead as that person’s proper address.

8.  In this Schedule—

“dedicated portal” means a facility on a person’s website which is established to allow electronic communication with that person;

“non-working day” means—

(a)

a Saturday or Sunday,

(b)

a Christmas Eve, Christmas Day or Good Friday, or

(c)

a day which is a bank holiday under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971(10) in any part of the United Kingdom,

and “working day” is to be read accordingly;

“proper address” means in the case of—

(a)

a body corporate, the registered office (if it is in the United Kingdom) or the principal office of that body in the United Kingdom;

(b)

a partnership, the principal office of the partnership in the United Kingdom;

(c)

any other person, that person’s last known address, which includes an email address.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

Chapter 8 of Part 2 of the Energy Act 2013 (c 32)(“the Act”) imposes a duty “the emissions limit duty” on operators of fossil fuel plant granted planning consent on or after 18th February 2014, to ensure that its annual emissions of carbon dioxide attributable to fossil fuels do not exceed an amount (“the emissions limit”) determined according to a formula set out in section 57(2) of the Act.

Part 1

Part 1 of these Regulations contains definitions used in these Regulations and provides that Parts 1 and 2 of these Regulations extend to the United Kingdom, while Part 3 applies to England only.

Part 2

Regulation 3 applies the emissions limit duty to upgrades or alterations to generating units of existing fossil fuel plants, where a main boiler in the generating unit is replaced or an additional main boiler is installed. The regulation does not apply to those fossil fuel plants which are already considered to be fossil fuel plants within the scope of the emissions limit duty as subject to a relevant consent. The regulation excludes plant that is ancillary to the function of the fossil fuel plant as a generating station but is to be used for safety purposes or in an emergency.

Regulation 4 modifies the emissions limit where particular conditions apply during a year. It is possible for more than one of the modifications to apply during a year.

Regulation 5 makes provision for when a gasification plant should be considered as associated with a relevant fossil fuel plant.

Regulation 6 exempts from the emissions limit duty generating units with a complete CCS system. Generating units not covered by a complete CCS system within the same fossil fuel plant continue to be subject to the emissions limit duty.

Regulation 7 sets out which emissions are relevant in determining whether a fossil fuel plant has breached the emissions limit duty (the “EPS annual emissions”). The relevant emissions are those emissions of carbon dioxide which are the direct result of operations and processes carried out in the generation of electricity and any from a gasification plant which produces fuel for a fossil fuel plant, where the gasification plant’s emissions in respect of the fossil fuel used by the gasification plant in supplying the generating plant are not otherwise included in the EPS annual emissions for the fossil fuel plant.

Regulation 8 provides for a reduction in the EPS annual emissions for fossil fuel plants which are combined heat and power plants, based on the amount of good quality heat produced by the plant in a given year.

Part 3

Part 3 creates a monitoring and enforcement regime for England.

Regulation 9 sets out the circumstances in which a fossil fuel plant operator must supply a notification to the Environment Agency. The notification must state the emissions limit for the fossil fuel plant, its installed generating capacity and the date on which it commenced or is expected to commence generation.

Regulation 10 makes provision for notifications to be given to the Environment Agency in relation to a complete CCS system, including to which generating units any exemption should apply.

Regulation 11 makes provision for the supply of a detailed emissions notification, an “EPS annual emissions notification”, containing the EPS annual emissions of a fossil fuel plant calculated in accordance with Part 2 of the Regulations and the methods of assessment and calculation used for the EU Emissions Trading Scheme. An EPS annual emissions notification will only have to be submitted if the Green House Gas Emissions Report for the fossil fuel plant discloses greater carbon dioxide emissions that the emissions limit for that plant.

Regulation 12 provides for the Secretary of State to establish a charging scheme for operation by the Environment Agency when carrying out functions under these Regulations.

Regulation 13 allows the Environment Agency to request further information from the operator of a fossil fuel plant, or the operator of an associated fossil fuel plant.

Regulation 14 allows for enforcement notices to be issued by the Environment Agency where an operator of a fossil fuel plant has breached the emissions limit duty.

Regulation 15 makes provision for the Environment Agency to issue civil penalties, where an operator of a fossil fuel plant has breached the emissions limit duty. The Secretary of State may publish guidance on financial penalties, to which the Environment Agency must have regard.

Regulation 16 provides for the effect of directions made by the Secretary of State under section 59(2) of the Energy Act 2013 suspending the operation of the emissions limit duty.

Regulation 17 makes provision for appeals against enforcement notices and civil penalty notices to the First-tier Tribunal.

Regulation 18 allows the Environment Agency to publish information in relation to issuing enforcement notices and civil penalty notices, providing that any appeal has been determined or withdrawn, or that the time limit for bringing an appeal has elapsed.

Regulation 19 makes provision for the Environment Agency to enforce information notices, enforcement notices and civil penalty notices by obtaining an order of the High Court.

Regulation 20 makes amendments to the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme Regulations 2012, to allow for information disclosure and publication as necessary for the performance of the Environment Agency’s functions under Part 3 of these Regulations.

Regulation 21 brings into force the Schedule which makes provision for the service of documents by the Secretary of State and the Environment Agency under these Regulations. The Environment Agency is given powers elsewhere in the Regulations to prescribe the manner in which operators may serve notifications on it.

An impact assessment of the effect that this instrument will have on the costs of business and the voluntary sector is available from the Department of Energy and Climate Change at 3 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2AW and is published with the Explanatory Memorandum alongside this instrument on www.legislation.gov.uk/.

(1)

2013 c. 32 which has been amended by S.I. 2014/1638, regulation 48(1) and (2), Schedule 13, Part 1, paragraph 8 and Schedule 14, Part 1.

(2)

This document can be found at https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/335471/CHPQAStandardIssue5.pdf.

(3)

S.I. 2012/3038 which has been amended by S.I. 2013/1037, S.I. 2013/3135 and S.I. 2014/3125.

(4)

See the requirement in a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permit inserted pursuant to Schedule 4, paragraph 2(3)(b) of the GGETS Regulations.

(5)

OJ No L 181, 12.7.2012, p 30.

(6)

OJ No L 181, 12.7.2012, p 1.

(7)

1989 c. 29. Section 36 was amended by the Energy Act 2004, section 93(1) and (3), the Planning Act 2008, section 36 and Schedule 2, paragraphs 31, 32(1), (2) and (3), the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, section 12(7)(a) and (8), and S.I. 2006/1054, article 2 and Schedule 1, Part 1, paragraph 1(1) and (2).

(9)

“Complete CCS system” has the same meaning as in section 58 of the Act.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Memorandum

Explanatory Memorandum sets out a brief statement of the purpose of a Statutory Instrument and provides information about its policy objective and policy implications. They aim to make the Statutory Instrument accessible to readers who are not legally qualified and accompany any Statutory Instrument or Draft Statutory Instrument laid before Parliament from June 2004 onwards.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Impact Assessments

Impact Assessments generally accompany all UK Government interventions of a regulatory nature that affect the private sector, civil society organisations and public services. They apply regardless of whether the regulation originates from a domestic or international source and can accompany primary (Acts etc) and secondary legislation (SIs). An Impact Assessment allows those with an interest in the policy area to understand:

  • Why the government is proposing to intervene;
  • The main options the government is considering, and which one is preferred;
  • How and to what extent new policies may impact on them; and,
  • The estimated costs and benefits of proposed measures.
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as made version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources