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The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) (Amendment) Order 2015

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The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002

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2.—(1) The Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002(1) are amended as follows.

(2) After regulation 11 (referral to the Upper Tribunal)(2), insert—

PART 3AIncoming providers of credit-related activities directing all or most of their activity to the United Kingdom

Scope of this Part

11A.  The Authority(3) may exercise its powers under this Part only in relation to an activity of a kind specified by any of the following provisions of the Regulated Activities Order(4)

(a)article 36A (credit broking)(5);

(b)article 36H (operating an electronic system in relation to lending);

(c)article 39D (debt adjusting);

(d)article 39E (debt-counselling);

(e)article 39F (debt-collecting);

(f)article 39G (debt administration);

(g)article 60B (regulated credit agreements); and

(h)article 60N (regulated consumer hire agreements).

Direction by Authority

11B.(1) If the condition in paragraph (2) is met, the Authority may direct that an incoming provider may no longer carry on a specified incoming electronic commerce activity, or may only carry it on subject to specified requirements.

(2) The condition is that the Authority is satisfied that the incoming provider—

(a)directs all or most of its activity to the United Kingdom; and

(b)is exercising the freedom conferred by Article 56 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union for the purpose of avoiding requirements imposed by or under the 2000 Act(6) that would apply to the provider if it were established in the United Kingdom.

(3) A direction under this regulation may impose any requirement which the Authority could impose under section 55L(3)(7) of the 2000 Act if—

(a)the incoming provider had permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act; and

(b)the Authority was entitled to exercise its power under section 55L(3) of that Act.

(4) Paragraphs (2) to (8) of regulation 6 (direction by Authority), regulation 10 (directions made under regulation 6) and regulation 11 (referral to the Upper Tribunal) apply to a direction under paragraph (1) as if it were a direction under regulation 6(1), and as if—

(a)in regulation 6(2)(d), after “until specified conditions are met, or” there were inserted “(unless the direction requires an incoming provider to no longer carry on a specified incoming electronic commerce activity)”;

(b)in regulation 10(8), there were omitted “in furtherance of any of the objectives referred to in regulation 7(a)(i)”.

(5) Where a direction under paragraph (1) directs that an incoming provider may no longer carry on a specified incoming electronic commerce activity, the direction remains in force until the earliest of—

(a)the date on which the Authority revokes the direction;

(b)the expiry of the period of 3 months beginning on the day on which the Authority gives the direction, unless before the expiry of that period the Authority gives a warning notice to the provider under regulation 11C;

(c)the date on which the Authority gives the provider a notice of discontinuance following a warning notice given to the provider under regulation 11C; and

(d)the date on which the Authority gives the provider a final notice following a warning notice given to the provider under regulation 11C.

(6) In all other cases a direction under paragraph (1) remains in force until the earliest of—

(a)the date on which the Authority revokes the direction;

(b)the date on which the Authority gives the provider a notice of discontinuance following a warning notice given to the provider under regulation 11C; and

(c)the date on which the Authority gives the provider a final notice following a warning notice given to the provider under regulation 11C.

(7) In this regulation, “specified” in relation to a direction means specified in the direction.

Article 72A of the Regulated Activities Order

11C.(1) If the condition in regulation 11B(2) is met, the Authority may make a determination that article 72A(1) of the Regulated Activities Order does not apply to an activity carried on by an incoming provider.

(2) If the Authority proposes to make a determination under paragraph (1), it must give the incoming provider a warning notice specifying the activity.

(3) If the Authority decides to make a determination under paragraph (1), it must give the incoming provider a decision notice specifying the activity.

(4) An incoming provider who is aggrieved by a determination made under this regulation may refer the matter to the Upper Tribunal.

(5) Part 26 (notices) of the 2000 Act applies in relation to notices given under this regulation, as if—

(a)in section 390 (final notices), after paragraph (6), there were inserted—

(6A) A final notice about a determination under regulation 11C of the Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services) Regulations 2002 must state—

(a)the activity to which it relates, and

(b)the date on which the determination comes into effect.;

(b)section 392 applied sections 393 (third party rights) and 394 (access to FCA or PRA material) to—

(i)a warning notice given in accordance with paragraph (2);

(ii)a decision notice given in accordance with paragraph (3);

(c)sections 395 (the FCA’s and PRA’s procedures) and 396 (statements under section 395: consultation) were omitted..

(3) In regulation 12 (application of certain provisions of the 2000 Act) for paragraph (1) substitute—

(1) For the purposes of sections 204A to 209 and 384 of the 2000 Act, a requirement imposed by the Authority under Part 3 of these Regulations upon an authorised incoming provider is to be treated as imposed on that provider by or under that Act.

(1A) For the purposes of sections 204A to 209 and 384 of the 2000 Act—

(a)a requirement imposed by a direction imposed by the Authority under regulation 11B is to be treated as a requirement imposed by or under that Act, and

(b)any reference in those sections to an authorised person includes a reference to an unauthorised incoming provider..

(2)

Regulation 11 was amended by S.I. 2010/22.

(3)

Regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 defines “the Authority” as meaning the Financial Conduct Authority.

(4)

Regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 defines “the Regulated Activities Order” as meaning the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/544).

(5)

Articles 36A, 36H, 39D to 39G, 60B and 60N were all inserted by S.I. 2013/1881.

(6)

Regulation 2(1) of the Electronic Commerce Directive (Financial Services and Markets) Regulations 2002 defines “the 2000 Act” as meaning the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

(7)

Section 55L was inserted by section 11(2) of the Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21).

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