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The Pensions Increase (Review) Order 2014

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

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Under section 59 of the Social Security Pensions Act 1975 as amended, and as modified by section 59A of that Act, the Treasury (in whom the functions conferred by those provisions are now vested) are required to provide by Order for the increase in the rates of public service pensions. Under section 59(7) of the 1975 Act, section 59 of that Act has effect as if it were contained in the Pensions (Increase) Act 1971 (c.56). Section 9(2)(c) of the 1971 Act provides that references to the “rate” of a pension shall have effect as references also to the amount of a lump sum benefit. The increase is the percentage (or in some circumstances a fraction of the percentage) by which the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions has, by direction given under the provisions of section 151(1) of the Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c.5), increased the sums referred to in section 150(1)(c) of that Act. These are the sums which are the additional pensions in long term benefits, namely the additional pension entitlements accruing to employees in respect of earnings after 5th April 1978.

For pensions which began before 8th April 2013 the increase is 2.7 per cent. For pensions which began on or after 8th April 2013 the increases (following the calculation set out in article 3(1)(b)) are as follows—

Table 1

Pensions BeginningPensions Increase
8th April 2013 to 22nd April 20132.70%
23rd April 2013 to 22nd May 20132.48%
23rd May 2013 to 22nd June 20132.25%
23rd June 2013 to 22nd July 20132.03%
23rd July 2013 to 22nd August 20131.80%
23rd August 2013 to 22nd September 20131.58%
23rd September 2013 to 22nd October 20131.35%
23rd October 2013 to 22nd November 20131.13%
23rd November 2013 to 22nd December 20130.90%
23rd December 2013 to 22nd January 20140.68%
23rd January 2014 to 22nd February 20140.45%
23rd February 2014 to 22nd March 20140.23%

Article 4 of the Order provides for increases on certain deferred lump sums which became payable on or after 8th April 2013 and before 7th April 2014.

The Order also makes provision for the amount by reference to which any increase in the rate of an official pension is to be calculated to be reduced by the amount equal to the rate of the guaranteed minimum pension entitlement deriving from the employment which gives rise to the official pension. This is required by section 59(5) of the Social Security Pensions Act 1975 (c.60). However by virtue of section 59A of that Act and the Transfer of Functions (Minister for the Civil Service and Treasury) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/1670), the Treasury are empowered to direct that in respect of specified cases or classes of case either no such reduction be made or that the reduction shall be less than the rate of the guaranteed minimum pension. Section 59(5ZA) was inserted into section 59 by section 5 of the Pensions (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1990 (c.7). This, together with further amendments made to section 59 by the Pensions Act 2008 (c.30) and amendments related to the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 (c.30), applies section 59(5) to pensions paid in respect of a deceased spouse or civil partner.

This Order will have no effect on the costs of business and the voluntary sector. For that reason no impact assessment has been produced for it.

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