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The International Tax Compliance (Crown Dependencies and Gibraltar) Regulations 2014

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Penalties for breach of obligations

Penalties for failure to comply

10.  A person is liable to a penalty of £300 if the person fails to comply with any obligation under these Regulations.

Penalties for inaccurate information

11.—(1) A person is liable to a penalty not exceeding £3,000 if—

(a)in complying with an obligation under regulation 8 the person provides inaccurate information, and

(b)condition A, B or C is met.

(2) Condition A is that the inaccuracy is—

(a)due to a failure to comply with regulation 6, or

(b)deliberate on the part of the person.

(3) Condition B is that the person knows of the inaccuracy at the time the information is provided but does not inform HMRC at that time.

(4) Condition C is that the person—

(a)discovers the inaccuracy some time later, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to inform HMRC.

Matters to be disregarded in relation to liability to penalties

12.—(1) Liability to a penalty under regulation 10 or 11 does not arise if the person satisfies HMRC or (on an appeal notified to the tribunal) the tribunal that there is a reasonable excuse for the failure.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation neither of the following is a reasonable excuse—

(a)that there is an insufficiency of funds to do something, or

(b)that a person relies upon another person to do something.

(3) If a person had a reasonable excuse for a failure but the excuse has ceased, the person is to be treated as having continued to have the excuse if the failure is remedied without unreasonable delay after the excuse ceased.

Assessment of penalties

13.—(1) If the reporting financial institution becomes liable to a penalty under regulation 10 or 11, an officer of Revenue and Customs may assess the penalty.

(2) If an officer does so, the officer must notify the institution.

(3) An assessment of a penalty under regulation 10 must be made within the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which the person became liable to the penalty.

(4) An assessment of a penalty under regulation 11 must be made—

(a)within the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which the inaccuracy first came to the attention of an officer of Revenue and Customs, and

(b)within the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the person became liable to the penalty.

Right to appeal against penalty

14.  A person may appeal against a decision by an officer of Revenue and Customs—

(a)that a penalty is payable under regulation 10 or 11, or

(b)as to the amount of such a penalty.

Procedure on appeal against penalty

15.—(1) Notice of an appeal under regulation 14 must be given—

(a)in writing,

(b)before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the date on which notification under regulation 13 was given, and

(c)to HMRC.

(2) It must state the grounds of appeal.

(3) On an appeal under regulation 14(a) that is notified to the tribunal, the tribunal may confirm or cancel the decision.

(4) On an appeal under regulation 14(b) that is notified to the tribunal, the tribunal may—

(a)confirm the decision, or

(b)substitute for the decision another decision that the officer of Revenue and Customs had power to make.

(5) Subject to this regulation and regulation 16, the provisions of Part 5 of TMA 1970(1) relating to appeals have effect in relation to appeals under regulation 14 as they have effect in relation to an appeal against an assessment to income tax.

Enforcement of penalties

16.—(1) A penalty under these Regulations must be paid before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the date mentioned in paragraph (2).

(2) That date is—

(a)the date on which notification under regulation 13 is given in respect of the penalty, or

(b)if a notice of appeal under regulation 14 is given, the date on which the appeal is finally determined or withdrawn.

(3) A penalty under these Regulations may be enforced as if it were income tax charged in an assessment and due and payable.

(1)

1970 c. 9. The Taxes Management Act 1970 was relevantly amended by sections 45(1) and 67(2) of the Finance (No. 2) Act 1975 (c. 45); section 68 of the Finance Act 1982 (c. 39); section 156(2) and (4) of the Finance Act 1989 (c. 26); section 199 of and paragraphs 18 (1) and (2) of Schedule 19 to the Finance Act 1994 (c. 9); paragraph 28 of Schedule 19 to the Finance Act 1998 (c. 36) section 88 of and paragraph 31 of Schedule 29 to the Finance Act 2001 (c. 9); paragraph 21 of Schedule 1 to the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4); paragraph 257(a) and (b) of Schedule 1 to and Part 1 of Schedule 3 to the Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3); section 119(12)(a) of the Finance Act 2008 (c. 9); paragraph 31 of Schedule 7 to the Taxation (International and Other Provisions) Act 2010 (c. 8); S.I. 1994/1813 and 2009/56.

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