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The Copyright and Rights in Performances (Licensing of Orphan Works) Regulations 2014

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Relevant work, right holder and orphan work

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3.—(1) “Relevant work” means a work which is protected by copyright or a performance in respect of which certain acts constitute restricted acts.

(2) A reference to a “relevant work” includes a reference to a work or a performance, which itself falls within the definition of “relevant work” and is embedded in or incorporated in, or constitutes an integral part of, another relevant work.

(3) “Right holder” in relation to a relevant work means—

(a)an owner of the copyright in the relevant work;

(b)a licensee under an exclusive licence in relation to the relevant work;

(c)a person with rights to permit or prohibit one or more of the restricted acts in relation to a performance recorded by the relevant work and, in the case of a performance, which is embedded or incorporated in or constitutes an integral part of another relevant work, a person with rights to permit or prohibit one or more of the restricted acts in relation to the performance; and

(d)a licensee under an exclusive licence in relation to those rights.

(4) A relevant work is an orphan work where, after a diligent search made in accordance with regulation 4, one or more of the right holders in the relevant work have either not been identified or, if identified, have not been located.

(5) Where a relevant work has more than one right holder and, after a diligent search made in accordance with regulation 4, one or more of the right holders have either not been identified or, if identified, have not been located, then the relevant work is an orphan work to the extent that the rights of those right holders are either not identified or not located.

(6) In these Regulations, a reference to an orphan work includes a relevant work in which it is not known whether copyright or the right to permit or prohibit the restricted acts subsists, and references to a right holder who has not been identified or located are to be read as including references to a supposed right holder.

(7) A relevant work ceases to be an orphan work to the extent that a right holder is identified in accordance with regulation 12.

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