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20. (1) Network Rail may use any watercourse or any public sewer or drain for the drainage of water in connection with the carrying out or maintenance of the authorised development and for that purpose may lay down, take up and alter pipes and may, on any land within the Order limits, make openings into, and connections with, the watercourse, public sewer or drain.
(2) Any dispute arising from the making of connections to or the use of a public sewer or drain by Network Rail under paragraph (1) is to be determined as if it were a dispute under section 106 of the Water Industry Act 1991(1) (right to communicate with public sewers).
(3) Network Rail must not discharge any water into any watercourse, public sewer or drain except with the consent of the person to whom it belongs.
(4) Network Rail must not make any opening into any public sewer or drain except—
(a)in accordance with plans approved by the person to whom the sewer or drain belongs; and
(b)where that person has been given the opportunity to supervise the making of the opening.
(5) Network Rail must not, in carrying out or maintaining works further to this article, damage or interfere with the bed or banks of any watercourse forming part of a main river.
(6) Network Rail must take such steps as are reasonably practicable to secure that any water discharged into a watercourse or public sewer or drain under the powers conferred by this article is as free as may be practicable from gravel, soil or other solid substance, oil or matter in suspension.
(7) Nothing in this article overrides the requirement for an environmental permit under regulation 12(1)(b) of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010(2).
(8) In this article—
(a)“public sewer or drain” means a sewer or drain which belongs to a sewerage undertaker, the Environment Agency, an internal drainage board or a local authority; and
(b)other expressions, excluding watercourses, used both in this article and in the Water Resources Act 1991(3) have the same meaning as in that Act.
21. (1) Network Rail may for the purposes of this Order enter on any land shown within the Order limits or which may be affected by the authorised development and—
(a)survey or investigate the land;
(b)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), make trial holes in such positions as Network Rail thinks fit on the land to investigate the nature of the surface layer and subsoil and remove soil samples;
(c)without limitation on the scope of sub-paragraph (a), carry out ecological or archaeological investigations on such land;
(d)place on, leave on and remove from the land apparatus for use in connection with the survey and investigation of land and making of trial holes.
(2) No land may be entered or equipment placed or left on or removed from the land under paragraph (1), unless at least 14 days’ notice has been served on every owner and occupier of the land.
(3) Any person entering land under this article on behalf of Network Rail—
(a)must, if so required, before or after entering the land produce written evidence of authority to do so; and
(b)may take onto the land such vehicles and equipment as are necessary to carry out the survey or investigation or to make the trial holes.
(4) No trial holes are to be made under this article—
(a)on land located within the highway boundary without the consent of the highway authority; or
(b)in a private street without the consent of the street authority.
(5) Network Rail must compensate the owners and occupiers of the land for any loss or damage arising by reason of the exercise of the powers conferred by this article, such compensation to be determined, in case of dispute, under Part 1 of the 1961 Act.
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