xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"

Statutory Instruments

2011 No. 2043

Environmental Protection, England And Wales

The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2011

Made

11th August 2011

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1(b)

These Regulations are made in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 2 and 7(9) of, and Schedule 1 to, the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999(1).

The Secretary of State, in relation to England, and the Welsh Ministers, in relation to Wales, have in accordance with section 2(4) of that Act consulted(2)—

(a)the Environment Agency;

(b)such bodies or persons appearing to them to be representative of the interests of local government, industry, agriculture and small businesses respectively as they consider appropriate; and

(c)such other bodies or persons as they consider appropriate.

A draft of this instrument has been approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament and by the National Assembly for Wales pursuant to section 2(8) and (9)(d) and (e) of that Act(3).

Accordingly, the Secretary of State in relation to England, and the Welsh Ministers in relation to Wales, make the following Regulations.

PART 1General

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations—

(a)may be cited as the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2011; and

(b)come into force on 1st October 2011, except regulations 2, 3, 12 and 14 which come into force on the day after the day on which these Regulations are made.

Interpretation

2.  In these Regulations—

(a)“the 2010 Regulations” means the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010(4); and

(b)the Act” means the Radioactive Substances Act 1993(5).

PART 2Amendments to the 2010 Regulations

Amendment of the Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) Regulations 2010

3.  The 2010 Regulations are amended in accordance with regulations 4 to 15.

Amendment of regulation 2 (interpretation: general)

4.—(1) Paragraph (1) of regulation 2 (interpretation: general) is amended as follows.

(2) In the definition of “radioactive material”, for “paragraph 2” substitute “paragraph 3”.

(3) In the definition of “radioactive substances activity”, for “paragraph 5” substitute “paragraph 11”.

(4) After the definition of “radioactive substances activity”, insert—

“radioactive substances exemption” means an exemption under Part 7 of Schedule 23 from the requirement for an environmental permit in respect of a radioactive substances activity;.

(5) In the definition of “radioactive waste”, for “paragraph 4” substitute “paragraph 3”.

(6) In the definition of “waste”, for “paragraph (4)” substitute “paragraph (5) where it applies”.

(7) For paragraph (4) substitute—

(4) Paragraph (5) applies where a person (“A”)—

(a)carries on a radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) or (c) or (4) of Part 2 of Schedule 23 in respect of radioactive waste;

(b)is exempt under regulation 12(3) from the requirement for an environmental permit in respect of that activity and that waste (“the relevant exemption”); and

(c)the waste (“the applicable radioactive waste”) is—

(i)NORM waste (as that term is defined in Part 7 of Schedule 23); or

(ii)the waste described in the first, second or sixth row of column 1 of table 6 in Part 7 of Schedule 23..

(8) After paragraph (4), insert—

(5) Where this paragraph applies, for so long as the relevant exemption applies to A, the applicable radioactive waste must be treated for the purposes of these Regulations as if it were waste other than radioactive waste..

Amendment of regulation 5 (interpretation: exempt facilities)

5.  In paragraph (1) of regulation 5 (interpretation: exempt facilities), for the definition of “exempt groundwater activity”, substitute—

“exempt groundwater activity” means—

(a)

a stand-alone groundwater activity that meets the requirements of paragraph 5 of Schedule 2; or

(b)

a groundwater activity that—

(i)

is a groundwater tracer test as defined in paragraph 1 of Part 3 of Schedule 3;

(ii)

is also a radioactive substances activity by virtue of the using of radioactive material as a part of that test; and

(iii)

meets the requirements of paragraph 5 of Schedule 2..

Amendment of regulation 12 (requirement for an environmental permit)

6.  In regulation 12 (requirement for an environmental permit), for paragraph (3) substitute—

(3) In respect of a radioactive substances activity, paragraph (1) does not apply to a person to whom a radioactive substances exemption applies for that activity.

(4) Paragraph (5) applies to a person (“A”) who—

(a)receives radioactive waste from another person (“B”) for the purposes of A disposing of that waste; and

(b)subsequently disposes of that waste.

(5) Where this paragraph applies, A does not require an environmental permit—

(a)for the receipt of waste from B, where B holds an environmental permit which allows B to dispose of the waste to A; or

(b)for the subsequent disposal of that waste by A, where the waste is disposed of in accordance with the permit held by B..

Amendment of regulation 14 (content and form of an environmental permit)

7.  In regulation 14(6)(b) (content and form of an environmental permit), for “paragraph 5(5)” substitute “paragraph 11(5)”.

Amendment of regulation 17 (Single site permits etc.)

8.  In regulation 17(3) (single site permits etc.), for “paragraph 5(5)” substitute “paragraph 11(5)”.

Amendment of regulation 67 (Interpretation of Part 7)

9.—(1) Regulation 67 is amended as follows.

(2) After the definition of “2007 transitional application”, insert the following definition—

“article” and “substance” have the meaning given to them in Schedule 23 to these Regulations..

(3) The definition of “radioactive substances exemption order” is revoked.

Revocation of regulation 72 (Radioactive substances exemption orders)

10.  Regulation 72 is revoked.

Insertion of regulations 72A, 72B, 72C and 72D

11.  After regulation 71, insert—

Previously excluded radioactive material and radioactive waste

72A.(1) Paragraph (3) applies to a person (“A”) who was carrying on an activity (“the continuing activity”) described in paragraph (2) immediately before 1st October 2011 and who continues to carry on the activity on or after that date.

(2) The continuing activity referred to in paragraph (1) means an activity carried on by A—

(a)in respect of a substance or article which—

(i)immediately before 1st October 2011 was not defined as radioactive material or radioactive waste; but

(ii)on that date became defined as radioactive material or radioactive waste by virtue of the amendments made to those definitions on that date (“the relevant amendments”);

and

(b)which on that date became a radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2), (4) or (5) of Part 2 of Schedule 23 by virtue of the relevant amendments.

(3) Where this paragraph applies, A is exempt from the requirement to hold an environmental permit in respect of the continuing activity until the end time set out in regulation 72C.

Previously exempt radioactive substances activities

72B.(1) Paragraph (3) applies to a person (“A”) who was carrying on an activity (“the continuing activity”) described in paragraph (2) immediately before 1st October 2011 and who continues to carry on the activity on or after that date.

(2) The continuing activity referred to in paragraph (1) means an activity—

(a)described in paragraph 11(2), (4) or (5) of Part 2 of Schedule 23; and

(b)in respect of which, immediately before 1st October 2011, A was exempted under regulation 72 (as in force at that time) from the requirement to hold an environmental permit (“the existing exemption”).

(3) Where this paragraph applies, the existing exemption continues to apply to A until the time set out in paragraph (4), subject to any conditions which applied to that exemption.

(4) The time referred to in paragraph (3) is—

(a)if A does not become exempt in respect of the continuing activity under a radioactive substances exemption before 1st April 2012, the end time set out in regulation 72C; or

(b)if A does become so exempt, the time at which the exemption begins to apply.

End time: regulations 72A and 72B

72C.(1) For the purposes of regulations 72A and 72B, the end time is—

(a)where, before 1st April 2012, A makes a permit application—

(i)if that application is granted, the time of grant;

(ii)if that application is refused and—

(aa)A appeals against the refusal under regulation 31, the time at which the appeal is determined or withdrawn;

(bb)A does not appeal against the refusal, the end of the day which is the final appeal date;

or

(b)where no such application is made, the earliest of—

(i)1st April 2012;

(ii)the time at which A ceases to carry on the continuing activity; or

(iii)for the purposes of regulation 72A only, the time a radioactive substances exemption first applies to A in respect of the continuing activity.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

“final appeal date” means the last day on which an appeal against a refusal to grant an environmental permit could have been brought under regulation 31, but not including any extension of the time limit for making an appeal allowed by the appropriate authority under paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 6; and

“permit application” means—

(a)

an application for an environmental permit under regulation 13 in respect of (as applicable) the continuing activity under regulation 72A or 72B; or

(b)

an application under regulation 20 for a variation of an existing environmental permit, in respect of the inclusion in the permit of that continuing activity.”.

Existing radioactive substances permits

72D.(1) Paragraph (4) applies to a person (“A”) who was carrying on an activity described in paragraph (2) (“the continuing excluded activity”) or paragraph (3) (“the continuing exempt activity”) immediately before 1st October 2011 and who—

(a)continues to carry on that activity after that date; and

(b)holds an environmental permit in respect of the activity (“permit A”).

(2) The continuing excluded activity referred to in paragraph (1) means an activity which—

(a)was a radioactive substances activity immediately before 1st October 2011; but

(b)ceases to be such an activity on that date because it was carried on in respect of a substance or article which ceased to be defined as radioactive material or radioactive waste on that date by virtue of the amendments made to the definitions in these Regulations of radioactive material and radioactive waste on that date.

(3) The continuing exempt activity referred to in paragraph (1) means an activity—

(a)described in paragraph 11(2), 11(4) or 11(5) of Part 2 of Schedule 23 to these Regulations; and

(b)in respect of which A—

(i)immediately before 1st October 2011, was not exempt under regulation 72 (as it was in force at that time); but

(ii)is exempt under a radioactive substances exemption.

(4) Where this paragraph applies, subject to paragraph (5), A may surrender any part of permit A that applies to the continuing excluded activity or the continuing exempt activity by notification to the regulator.

(5) A notification under paragraph (4) must be made to the regulator on or before 31st March 2012.

(6) Regulation 24(3) to (7) applies as if the notification were made under that regulation. .

Amendment to Schedule 1 (activities, installations and mobile plant)

12.  In part 2 of Schedule 1 (activities), after Section 6.9 (intensive farming), insert—

SECTION 6.10Carbon capture and storage

Part A(1)
(a)

Capture of carbon dioxide streams from an installation for the purposes of geological storage pursuant to Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the geological storage of carbon dioxide(6)..

Amendment to Schedule 5 (environmental permits)

13.  In paragraph 5(1)(b) of Part 1 of Schedule 5 (environmental permits), for “paragraph 5(5)” substitute “paragraph 11(5)”.

Amendment to Schedule 22 (groundwater activities)

14.  In paragraph 8 of Schedule 22 (groundwater activities for which a permit may be granted), after sub-paragraph (c) insert—

(ca)the injection of carbon dioxide streams for storage purposes into geological formations which for natural reasons are permanently unsuitable for other purposes, provided that such injection is made in accordance with Directive 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the geological storage of carbon dioxide(7), or excluded from the scope of that Directive pursuant to Article 2(2) of that Directive,.

Substitution of Schedule 23 (radioactive substances activities)

15.  For Schedule 23 (radioactive substances activities), substitute the contents of Schedule 1 (new Schedule 23 to the 2010 Regulations) to these Regulations.

PART 3Consequential amendments, repeals, savings and revocation

Consequential amendments

16.  Schedule 2 (consequential amendments) has effect.

Repeals

17.—(1) The Act, except for the provisions referred to in paragraph (2), is repealed.

(2) Those provisions are—

(a)paragraphs 2, 5 to 9 and 11 of Schedule 4;

(b)section 49(1) so far as it relates to those paragraphs of that Schedule; and

(c)section 51.

Savings

18.—(1) Despite regulations 9(3) and 10, the following provisions continue to have effect for the purposes of regulations 72A and 72B of the 2010 regulations—

(a)the definition of “radioactive substances activity exemption order” in regulation 67 of the 2010 Regulations; and

(b)regulation 72 of those Regulations.

(2) Despite their lapse by virtue of regulation 17, the orders listed in Schedule 3 continue to have effect for the purposes of regulations 72A and 72B of the 2010 Regulations.

(3) Despite regulation 17—

(a)section 8 of the Act (exemptions from the requirement for an environmental permit);

(b)section 11 of the Act (exemptions from the requirement for an environmental permit for mobile radioactive apparatus); and

(c)section 15 of the Act (further exemptions from the requirement for an environmental permit)

continue to have effect so far as they provide authority for the orders listed in Schedule 3.

(4) Despite regulation 17, section 47 of the Act (general interpretation provisions) continues to have effect so far as it applies in relation to the provisions of the Act specified in paragraph (3).

(5) The amendments made by paragraph 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 2 (the Continental Shelf Act 1964) do not have effect in relation to the orders listed in Schedule 3 (and continuing to have effect by virtue of paragraph (3)), and despite regulation 15—

(a)paragraph 1 of Schedule 4 to the Act (consequential amendment to the Continental Shelf Act 1964) continues to have effect in relation to those orders; and

(b)section 49(1) of the Act (consequential amendments and transitional and transitory provisions) continues to have effect so far as it relates to that paragraph of that Schedule.

(6) The amendments made by paragraph 1 of Part 2 of Schedule 2 (The Civil Jurisdiction (Offshore Activities) Order 1987) do not have effect in relation to the orders listed in Schedule 3 (and continuing to have effect by virtue of paragraph (3)).

Revocation

19.  The Radioactive Substances (Clocks and Watches) (England and Wales) Regulations 2001(8) are revoked.

Charles Hendry

Minister of State,

Department of Energy and Climate Change

Date 20th July 2011

John Griffiths

Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development

one of the Welsh Ministers

Date 11th August 2011

Regulation 15

SCHEDULE 1New Schedule 23 to the 2010 Regulations

Regulation 35(2)(q)

SCHEDULE 23Radioactive substances activities

The Environmental Permitting (England and Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2011

  1. PART 1 Application

    1. 1.Application

  2. PART 2 Interpretation

    1. 1.Interpretation

    2. 2.Interpretation: NORM industrial activity

    3. 3.Interpretation: “radioactive material”, “radioactive waste” and “waste”

    4. 4.NORM industrial activities

    5. 5.Processed radionuclides of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin

    6. 6.Radionuclides not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin

    7. 7.Radionuclides with a short half-life

    8. 8.Radionuclides not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin in background radioactivity

    9. 9.Contaminated substances or articles

    10. 10.Substances or articles after disposal

    11. 11.Interpretation: radioactive substances activity

    12. 12.Nuclear sites

    13. 13.Vehicles, vessels and aircraft

  3. PART 3 Tables of radionuclides and summation rules

    1. 1.–2.Table 1

    2. 3.–4.Table 2

    3. 5.References in Table 1 and Table 2 to + and sec

    4. 6.Table 3

  4. PART 4 The Basic Safety Standards Directive

    1. SECTION 1

      Exposures and doses

      1. 1.Optimisation and dose limits

      2. 2.Specific dose limits and calculation

    2. SECTION 2

      Interventions

      1. 3.Radioactive waste: power of the Secretary of State to provide facilities for disposal or accumulation

      2. 4.Radioactive waste: power of disposal by the regulator

  5. PART 5 The HASS Directive

    1. SECTION 1

      Security of sources

      1. 1.Interpretation

      2. 2.Site security: inspection

      3. 3.Site security: security measures and advice

    2. SECTION 2

      Advice and assistance in relation to orphan sources

      1. 4.Advice and assistance in respect of orphan sources

    3. SECTION 3

      Exercise of relevant functions and matters in relation to orphan sources

      1. 5.General

      2. 6.Records and inspections

      3. 7.Training and information

      4. 8.Orphan sources

  6. PART 6 Conditions in environmental permits

    1. 1.Posting on premises of environmental permits

  7. PART 7 Radioactive substances activity exemptions

    1. SECTION 1

      General

      1. 1.Interpretation

      2. 2.Interpretation: NORM

    2. SECTION 2

      Exemption for keeping and using radioactive material and accumulating radioactive waste

      1. 3.Exemption for keeping and using radioactive material

      2. 4.Exemption for accumulating radioactive waste

      3. 5.Radioactive substances exempted under paragraphs 3 and 4

      4. 6.Conditions in respect of the total quantity or concentration of radioactive substances on any premises

      5. 7.Exemption for accumulating NORM waste

    3. SECTION 3

      Exemption for keeping or using mobile radioactive apparatus

      1. 8.Exemption for keeping or using mobile radioactive apparatus

    4. SECTION 4

      Relevant standard conditions

      1. 9.Interpretation of this section

      2. 10.Relevant standard conditions

      3. 11.General conditions

      4. 12.Loss or theft conditions

      5. 13.Loss or theft conditions: mobile radioactive apparatus

      6. 14.Condition to dispose of accumulated waste

    5. SECTION 5

      Exemption for disposing of solid radioactive waste

      1. 15.Exemption for receiving and disposing of solid radioactive waste

      2. 16.Solid radioactive waste

      3. 17.Conditions in respect of solid radioactive waste

    6. SECTION 6

      Exemption for disposing of NORM waste

      1. 18.Exemption for receiving and disposing of NORM waste

      2. 19.Conditions in respect of NORM waste

    7. SECTION 7

      Exemption for disposing of aqueous radioactive waste

      1. 20.Exemption for disposing of aqueous radioactive waste in Table 6

      2. 21.Exemption for disposing of other aqueous radioactive waste

      3. 22.Conditions in respect of aqueous radioactive waste in paragraph 21

    8. SECTION 8

      Exemption for disposal of gaseous radioactive waste

      1. 23.Exemption for disposal of gaseous radioactive waste

      2. 24.Conditions in respect of gaseous radioactive waste

    9. SECTION 9

      Tables and summation rules in this Part

      1. 25.Table 4

      2. 26.–28.Table 5

      3. 29.Table 6

      4. 30.–33.Table 7

      5. 34.Interpretation of this section

      6. 35.Table 8

  8. PART 8 Radioactivity to be disregarded

    1. SECTION 1

      Provisions

      1. 1.–2.Interpretation

      2. 3.Provisions of enactments

PART 1Application

Application

1.  This Schedule applies in relation to every radioactive substances activity.

PART 2Interpretation

Interpretation

1.(1) In this Schedule—

“article” includes a part of an article;

“the Basic Safety Standards Directive” means Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM(9) laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionising radiation;

“Bq” means becquerels;

“contamination” occurs where a substance or article is so affected by—

(a)

absorption, admixture or adhesion of radioactive material or radioactive waste; or

(b)

the emission of neutrons or ionising radiation,

as to become radioactive or to possess increased radioactivity;

“disposal” in relation to waste includes its removal, deposit, destruction, discharge (whether into water or into the air or into a sewer or drain or otherwise) or burial (whether underground or otherwise) and “dispose of” is to be construed accordingly;

“m”, where it appears after a radionuclide, means a radionuclide in a metastable state of radioactive decay in which gamma photons are emitted;

“mobile radioactive apparatus” means any apparatus, equipment, appliance or other thing which is radioactive material and—

(a)

is constructed or adapted for being transported from place to place; or

(b)

is portable and designed or intended to be used for releasing radioactive material into the environment or introducing it into organisms;

“nuclear site” means—

(a)

any site in respect of which a nuclear site licence is for the time being in force; or

(b)

any site in respect of which, after the revocation or surrender of a nuclear site licence, the period of responsibility of the licensee has not yet come to an end,

and “licensee”, when used in relation to a nuclear site, and “period of responsibility” have the same meaning as in the Nuclear Installations Act 1965(10);

“premises” includes any land, whether covered by buildings or not, including any place underground and any land covered by water;

“relevant liquid” means a liquid which—

(a)

is non-aqueous; or

(b)

is classified (or would be so classified in the absence of its radioactivity) under Council Regulation No. 1272/2008(11) as having any of the following hazard classes and hazard categories (as defined in that Regulation)—

(i)

acute toxicity: categories 1, 2 or 3;

(ii)

skin corrosion/irritation: category 1 corrosive, sub-categories: 1A, 1B or 1C; or

(iii)

hazardous to the aquatic environment: acute category 1 or chronic categories 1 or 2;

“substance” means any natural or artificial substance, whether in solid or liquid form or in the form of a gas or vapour;

“Table 1”, “Table 2”, “Table 3” mean the tables with those numbers in Part 3 of this Schedule;

“undertaking” includes any trade, business or profession and—

(a)

in relation to a public or local authority, includes any of the powers or duties of that authority, and

(b)

in relation to any other body of persons (whether corporate or unincorporate), includes any of the activities of that body; and

“waste” should be construed in accordance with paragraph 3(2).

(2) In this Schedule, where any reference is made to a substance or article possessing a concentration or quantity of radioactivity which exceeds the value specified in a column in either of Tables 1 and 2, or either of Tables 5 and 7 in Part 7 of this Schedule, that value is exceeded if—

(a)where only one radionuclide which is listed or described in the relevant table is present in the substance or article, the concentration or quantity of that radionuclide exceeds the concentration or quantity specified in the appropriate entry of that column in that table; or

(b)where more than one radionuclide which is listed or described in the relevant table is present, the sum of the quotient values of all such radionuclides in the substance or article, as determined by the summation rule following the table (as it applies to that column), is greater than one,

and any reference to a concentration or quantity of radioactivity not exceeding such a value shall be construed accordingly.

Interpretation: NORM industrial activity

2.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), in this Schedule—

“type 1 NORM industrial activity” means—

(a)

the production and use of thorium, or thorium compounds, and the production of products where thorium is deliberately added; or

(b)

the production and use of uranium or uranium compounds, and the production of products where uranium is deliberately added; and

“type 2 NORM industrial activity” means—

(a)

the extraction, production and use of rare earth elements and rare earth element alloys;

(b)

the mining and processing of ores other than uranium ore;

(c)

the production of oil and gas;

(d)

the removal and management of radioactive scales and precipitates from equipment associated with industrial activities;

(e)

any industrial activity utilising phosphate ore;

(f)

the manufacture of titanium dioxide pigments;

(g)

the extraction and refining of zircon and manufacture of zirconium compounds;

(h)

the production of tin, copper, aluminium, zinc, lead and iron and steel;

(i)

any activity related to coal mine de-watering plants;

(j)

china clay extraction;

(k)

water treatment associated with provision of drinking water; or

(l)

the remediation of contamination from any type 1 NORM industrial activity or any of the activities listed above.

(2) An activity which involves the processing of radionuclides of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin for their radioactive, fissile or fertile properties is not a type 1 NORM industrial activity or a type 2 NORM industrial activity.

Interpretation: “radioactive material”, “radioactive waste” and “waste”

3.(1) In this Schedule, except as provided by paragraph 7, 8, 9 or 10—

“radioactive material” means a substance or article which is not waste, and which satisfies the requirements of paragraph 4, 5 or 6 as they apply to such a substance or article;

“radioactive waste” means a substance or article which is waste, and which satisfies the requirements of paragraph 4, 5 or 6.

(2) In this Schedule—

(a)“waste” includes—

(i)any substance which constitutes scrap material or an effluent or other unwanted surplus substance arising from the application of any process, and

(ii)any substance or article which requires to be disposed of as being broken, worn out, contaminated or otherwise spoilt;

and

(b)any substance or article which, in the course of carrying on any undertaking, is discharged, discarded or otherwise dealt with as if it were waste is presumed to be waste unless the contrary is proved.

NORM industrial activities

4.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a substance or article which—

(a)arises from or is used in a type 1 NORM industrial activity;

(b)is waste which arises from a type 2 NORM industrial activity; or

(c)is contaminated by a substance or article described in paragraph (a) or (b), including where such contamination occurs indirectly through another contaminated substance or article.

(2) A substance or article to which this sub-paragraph applies is radioactive material or radioactive waste where it has a concentration of radioactivity which exceeds the following values in Table 1—

(a)for a substance or article which is a solid or a substance which is a relevant liquid, the value specified in column 2;

(b)for a substance which is any other liquid, the value specified in column 3; or

(c)for a substance which is a gas, the value specified in column 4.

Processed radionuclides of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin

5.  A substance or article is radioactive material or radioactive waste where—

(a)the substance or article contains one or more of the radionuclides of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin which are listed in column 1 of Table 2;

(b)the substance or article—

(i)is processed or is intended to be processed for the radioactive, fissile or fertile properties of those radionuclides; or

(ii)is contaminated by a substance or article to which sub-paragraph (i) applies, including where such contamination occurs indirectly through another contaminated substance or article;

and

(c)the substance or article is—

(i)a solid or a relevant liquid and it has a concentration of radioactivity which exceeds the value specified in column 2 of Table 2; or

(ii)any other liquid or a gas.

Radionuclides not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin

6.  A substance or article which contains one or more radionuclides that are not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin is radioactive material or radioactive waste where—

(a)the substance or article is a solid or a relevant liquid and it has a concentration of radioactivity which exceeds the value specified in column 2 of Table 2; or

(b)the substance is any other liquid or a gas.

Radionuclides with a short half-life

7.  A substance or article is not radioactive material or radioactive waste where none of the radionuclides which it contains or which it consists of has a half-life exceeding 100 seconds.

Radionuclides not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin in background radioactivity

8.(1) A substance or article is not radioactive material or radioactive waste where—

(a)the substance or article is contaminated as a result of a climatic process, or a combination of such processes, by radionuclides which—

(i)are not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin; and

(ii)are not present in the substance or article at a concentration that exceeds that found normally in such a substance or article in the United Kingdom;

and

(b)in the absence of such contamination, the substance or article would not otherwise be radioactive material or radioactive waste under this Schedule.

(2) In this paragraph, a “climatic process” includes wind, precipitation and the general circulation of the atmosphere and oceans.

Contaminated substances or articles

9.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), a substance or article is not radioactive material where—

(a)the substance or article is contaminated, but has not been so contaminated with the intention of utilising its radioactive, fissile or fertile properties; and

(b)in the absence of such contamination, the substance or article would not otherwise be radioactive material under this Schedule.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) only applies while the substance or article is kept on the premises on which the contamination occurred.

Substances or articles after disposal

10.(1) A substance or article is not radioactive material or radioactive waste during the excluded period where—

(a)the substance or article has been disposed of lawfully, and at the time of the disposal no further act of disposal is intended in respect of it; or

(b)the substance or article—

(i)is contaminated by a substance or article to which paragraph (a) applies, including where such contamination occurs indirectly through another contaminated substance or article;

(ii)in the absence of such contamination, would not otherwise be radioactive material or radioactive waste under this Schedule; and

(iii)is not contaminated with the intention of using its radioactive, fissile or fertile properties.

(2) In sub-paragraph (1), “the excluded period” means the period—

(a)beginning at the relevant start time; and

(b)ending at the time that there is an increase in the radiation exposure of the public or of any plant or animal which is caused by the substance or article being subject to a process after the relevant start time.

(3) Sub-paragraph (4) applies to a substance or article which—

(a)is disposed of by burial (whether underground or otherwise) on premises in respect of which an environmental permit in respect of the radioactive substances activity in paragraph 11(2)(b) is held at the time of disposal;

(b)is disposed of in accordance with that permit; and

(c)is solid at the time of the disposal.

(4) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the relevant start time is—

(a)where the environmental permit in sub-paragraph (3)(a) is surrendered, the time at which the surrender takes effect; or

(b)where that permit is revoked and—

(i)regulation 23 applies to that permit, the time at which the regulator issues the certificate described in paragraph (4) or (6) of that regulation; or

(ii)regulation 23 does not apply to that permit, the time at which the revocation takes effect.

(5) Sub-paragraph (6) applies to a substance or article (“A”) described in sub-paragraph (1)(b), where the substance or article (“B”) which contaminates it (directly or indirectly) is described in sub-paragraph (3).

(6) Where this sub-paragraph applies, the relevant start time for A is the later of—

(a)the time at which A becomes contaminated; and

(b)the relevant start time for B.

(7) In respect of a substance or article (“C”) to which sub-paragraphs (4) and (6) do not apply, the relevant start time is—

(a)where sub-paragraph (1)(a) applies to C, the time at which C is disposed of; or

(b)where sub-paragraph (1)(b) applies to C, the time at which C becomes contaminated.

Interpretation: radioactive substances activity

11.(1) Subject to paragraphs 12 and 13, “radioactive substances activity” means an activity described in sub-paragraph (2), (4), (5) or (6).

(2) A radioactive substances activity is carried on where a person uses premises for the purposes of an undertaking and that person—

(a)except where sub-paragraph (5) applies, keeps or uses radioactive material on those premises;

(b)disposes of radioactive waste on or from those premises; or

(c)accumulates radioactive waste on those premises,

knowing or having reasonable grounds for believing the material or waste to be radioactive material or radioactive waste.

(3) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(c), where—

(a)radioactive material is produced, kept or used on any premises;

(b)any substance arising from the production, keeping or use of that material is accumulated in a part of the premises appropriated for the purpose; and

(c)that substance is retained there for a period of not less than 3 months,

that substance, unless the contrary is proved, is presumed to be radioactive waste.

(4) A radioactive substances activity is carried on where, in the course of a person carrying on an undertaking, that person—

(a)receives radioactive waste for the purposes of disposing of that waste; and

(b)knows or has reasonable grounds for believing the waste to be radioactive waste.

(5) A radioactive substances activity is carried on where a person keeps or uses mobile radioactive apparatus for—

(a)testing, measuring or otherwise investigating any of the characteristics of substances or articles; or

(b)releasing quantities of radioactive material into the environment or introducing such material into organisms.

(6) A radioactive substances activity is carried on where a person carries out intrusive investigation work or other excavation, construction or building work—

(a)to determine the suitability of any premises; or

(b)to enable the use of any premises,

as a place that may be used wholly or substantially for underground disposal.

(7) In sub-paragraph (6)—

“intrusive investigation work” means the drilling of boreholes into, or excavation of, sub-soil or rock to determine geological or hydrogeological conditions; and

“underground disposal” means—

(a)

the disposal of solid radioactive waste in an engineered facility, or in part of an engineered facility, which is beneath the surface of the ground, and

(b)

where the natural environment which surrounds the facility acts, in combination with any engineered measures, to inhibit the transit of radionuclides from the facility to the surface,

and does not include the disposal of radioactive waste in a facility which is beneath the surface of the ground only by virtue of the placing of rocks or soil above it.

Nuclear sites

12.(1) Paragraph 11(2)(a) does not apply to the activity carried on by a licensee of a nuclear site on any premises situated on that site at any time—

(a)while a nuclear site licence is in force in respect of that site; and

(b)after the revocation or surrender of such a licence but before the period of responsibility of the licensee has come to an end.

(2) In respect of any premises which—

(a)are situated on a nuclear site; but

(b)have ceased to be used for the purposes of an undertaking carried on by the licensee,

paragraph 11(2)(b) applies to those premises as if the premises were used for the purposes of an undertaking carried on by the licensee.

(3) Paragraph 11(2)(c) does not apply to the accumulation of radioactive waste on any premises situated on a nuclear site.

Vehicles, vessels and aircraft

13.  In determining whether any radioactive material is kept or used on any premises, no account must be taken of any radioactive material kept or used in or on any railway vehicle, road vehicle, vessel or aircraft if—

(a)the vehicle, vessel or aircraft is on the premises in the course of a journey; or

(b)in the case of a vessel which is on those premises otherwise than in the normal course of a journey, the material is used in propelling the vessel or is kept in or on the vessel for use in propelling it.

PART 3Tables of radionuclides and summation rules

Table 1

1.  The Table 1 referred to in paragraph 4 (NORM industrial activities) of Part 2 is—

Table 1
Concentration of radionuclides: NORM industrial activities
RadionuclideSolid or relevant liquid concentration in becquerels per gram (Bq/g)Any other liquid concentration in becquerels per litre (Bq/l)Gaseous concentration in becquerels per cubic metre (Bq/m3)
U-238sec(12)0.50.10.001
U-238+5100.01
U-2345100.01
Th-23010100.001
Ra-226+0.510.01
Pb-210+50.10.01
Po-21050.10.01
U-235sec10.10.0001
U-235+5100.01
Pa-231510.001
Ac-227+10.10.001
Th-232sec0.50.10.001
Th-2325100.001
Ra-228+10.10.01
Th-228+0.510.001

2.  The Table 1 summation rule in respect of column 2, 3 or 4 means the sum of the quotients A/B where—

(a)“A” means the concentration of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 1 that is present in the substance or article; and

(b)“B” means the concentration of that radionuclide specified in column 2, 3 or 4 (as appropriate) of Table 1.

Table 2

3.  The Table 2 referred to in paragraphs 5 (processed radionuclides of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin) and 6 (radionuclides not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin) of Part 2 is—

Table 2
Concentration of radionuclides
RadionuclideConcentration in becquerels per gram (Bq/g)
H-3102
Be-710
C-1410
F-181
Na-220.1
Na-240.1
Si-31102
P-32102
P-33102
S-35102
Cl-361
Cl-381
K-4210
K-431
Ca-45102
Ca-471
Sc-460.1
Sc-4710
Sc-480.1
V-480.1
Cr-5110
Mn-511
Mn-520.1
Mn-52m1
Mn-53103
Mn-540.1
Mn-561
Fe-52+1
Fe-55102
Fe-590.1
Co-551
Co-560.1
Co-571
Co-580.1
Co-58m102
Co-600.1
Co-60m103
Co-61102
Co-62m1
Ni-59102
Ni-63102
Ni-651
Cu-6410
Zn-651
Zn-69102
Zn-69m+1
Ga-721
Ge-71104
As-73102
As-741
As-761
As-77102
Se-751
Br-820.1
Rb-8610
Sr-851
Sr-85m10
Sr-87m10
Sr-8910
Sr-90+1
Sr-91+1
Sr-921
Y-90102
Y-9110
Y-91m1
Y-9210
Y-9310
Zr-9310
Zr-95+0.1
Zr-97+1
Nb-93m102
Nb-940.1
Nb-951
Nb-97+1
Nb-981
Mo-901
Mo-9310
Mo-99+1
Mo-101+1
Tc-960.1
Tc-96m10
Tc-9710
Tc-97m10
Tc-991
Tc-99m102
Ru-971
Ru-103+1
Ru-105+1
Ru-106+1
Rh-103m104
Rh-10510
Pd-103+103
Pd-109+102
Ag-1051
Ag-108m+0.1
Ag-110m+0.1
Ag-11110
Cd-109+10
Cd-115+1
Cd-115m+10
In-1111
In-113m10
In-114m+1
In-115m10
Sn-113+1
Sn-1251
Sb-1221
Sb-1240.1
Sb-125+1
Te-123m1
Te-125m102
Te-127102
Te-127m+10
Te-12910
Te-129m+10
Te-13110
Te-131m+1
Te-132+0.1
Te-133+1
Te-133m+1
Te-1341
I-12310
I-1251
I-1261
I-1290.1
I-1301
I-131+1
I-1321
I-1331
I-1341
I-1351
Cs-1291
Cs-131103
Cs-1321
Cs-1340.1
Cs-134m103
Cs-13510
Cs-1360.1
Cs-137+1
Cs-1381
Ba-1311
Ba-1400.1
La-1400.1
Ce-1391
Ce-14110
Ce-1431
Ce-144+10
Pr-14210
Pr-143102
Nd-14710
Nd-14910
Pm-147102
Pm-149102
Sm-151102
Sm-15310
Eu-1520.1
Eu-152m10
Eu-1540.1
Eu-15510
Gd-15310
Gd-15910
Tb-1600.1
Dy-165102
Dy-16610
Ho-16610
Er-169102
Er-17110
Tm-17010
Tm-171102
Yb-17510
Lu-17710
Hf-1811
Ta-1820.1
W-18110
W-185102
W-1871
Re-186102
Re-18810
Os-1851
Os-19110
Os-191m103
Os-19310
Ir-1900.1
Ir-1920.1
Ir-19410
Pt-1911
Pt-193m102
Pt-197102
Pt-197m102
Au-1981
Au-19910
Hg-19710
Hg-197m10
Hg-2031
Tl-2001
Tl-20110
Tl-2021
Tl-20410
Pb-2031
Pb-210+0.01
Pb-212+1
Bi-2060.1
Bi-2070.1
Bi-21010
Bi-212+1
Po-2031
Po-2051
Po-2071
Po-2100.01
At-211102
Ra-223+1
Ra-224+1
Ra-2251
Ra-226+0.01
Ra-22710
Ra-228+0.01
Ac-227+0.01
Ac-2281
Th-226+102
Th-2271
Th-228+0.1
Th-229+0.1
Th-2300.1
Th-231102
Th-2320.01
Th-232+0.01
Th-232sec0.01
Th-234+10
Pa-2301
Pa-2310.01
Pa-2331
U-230+1
U-23110
U-232+0.1
U-2331
U-2341
U-235+1
U-235sec0.01
U-2361
U-23710
U-238+1
U-238sec0.01
U-239102
U-240+10
Np-237+0.1
Np-23910
Np-2401
Pu-234102
Pu-235102
Pu-2360.1
Pu-23710
Pu-2380.1
Pu-2390.1
Pu-2400.1
Pu-2411
Pu-2420.1
Pu-243102
Pu-244+0.1
Am-2410.1
Am-242102
Am-242m+0.1
Am-243+0.1
Cm-2421
Cm-2430.1
Cm-2440.1
Cm-2450.1
Cm-2460.1
Cm-247+0.1
Cm-2480.1
Bk-24910
Cf-24610
Cf-2481
Cf-2490.1
Cf-2500.1
Cf-2510.1
Cf-2520.1
Cf-2531
Cf-253+1
Cf-2540.1
Es-2531
Es-254+0.1
Es-254m+1
Fm-254102
Fm-25510
Any other solid or non-aqueous liquid radionuclide that is not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin

0.01

or that concentration which gives rise to a dose to a member of the public of 10 microsieverts per year calculated by reference to guidance by Euratom in RP 122 part 1(13).

4.  The Table 2 column 2 summation rule means the sum of the quotients A/B where—

(a)“A” means the concentration of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 2 that is present in the substance or article, and

(b)“B” means the concentration of that radionuclide specified in column 2 of Table 2.

References in Table 1 and Table 2 to + and sec

5.  Where any radionuclide carries the suffix “+” or “sec” in Table 1 or Table 2—

(a)that radionuclide represents the parent radionuclide in secular equilibrium with the corresponding daughter radionuclides which are identified in column 2 of Table 3 in respect of that parent radionuclide; and

(b)a concentration value given in a table in this Part in respect of such a parent radionuclide is the value for the parent radionuclide alone, but already takes into account the daughter radionuclides present.

Table 3

6.  The Table 3 referred to in paragraph 5 is—

Table 3
Radionuclides in secular equilibrium
Parent radionuclideDaughter radionuclides
Fe-52+Mn-52m
Zn-69m+Zn-69
Sr-90+Y-90
Sr-91+Y-91m
Zr-95+Nb-95m
Zr-97+Nb-97m, Nb-97
Nb-97+Nb-97m
Mo-99+Tc-99m
Mo-101+Tc-101
Ru-103+Rh-103m
Ru-105+Rh-105m
Ru-106+Rh-106
Pd-103+Rh-103m
Pd-109+Ag-109m
Ag-108m+Ag-108
Ag-110m+Ag-110
Cd-109+Ag-109m
Cd-115+In-115m
Cd-115m+In-115m
In-114m+In-114
Sn-113+In-113m
Sb-125+Te-125m
Te-127m+Te-127
Te-129m+Te-129
Te-131m+Te-131
Te-132+I-132
Te-133+I-133, Xe-133m, Xe-133
Te-133m+Te-133, I-133, Xe-133m, Xe-133
I-131+Xe-131m
Cs-137+Ba-137m
Ce-144+Pr-144, Pr-144m
Pb-210+Bi-210, Po-210
Pb-212+Bi-212, Tl-208
Bi-212+Tl-208
Ra-223+Rn-219, Po-215, Pb-211, Bi-211, Tl-207
Ra-224+Rn-220, Po-216, Pb-212, Bi-212, Tl-208
Ra-226+Rn-222, Po-218, Pb-214, Bi-214, Po-214
Ra-228+Ac-228
Ac-227+Th-227, Fr-223, Ra-223, Rn-219, Po-215, Pb-211, Bi-211, Tl-207, Po-211
Th-226+Ra-222, Rn-218, Po-214
Th-228+Ra-224, Rn-220, Po-216, Pb-212, Bi-212, Tl-208
Th-229+Ra-225, Ac-225, Fr-221, At-217, Bi-213, Tl-209, Pb-209
Th-232+Ra-228, Ac-228, Th-228, Ra-224, Rn-220, Po-216, Pb-212, Bi-212, Tl-208
Th-232secRa-228, Ac-228, Th-228, Ra-224, Rn-220, Po-216, Pb-212, Bi-212, Po-212, Tl-208
Th-234+Pa-234m, Pa-234
U-230+Th-226, Ra-222, Rn-218, Po-214
U-232+Th-228, Ra-224, Rn-220, Po-216, Pb-212, Bi-212, Tl-208
U-235+Th-231
U-235secTh-231, Pa-231, Ac-227, Th-227, Fr-223, Ra-223, Rn-219, Po-215, Pb-211, Bi-211, Tl-207, Po-211
U-238+Th-234, Pa-234m, Pa-234
U-238secTh-234, Pa-234m, Pa-234, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Rn-222, Po-218, Pb-214, Bi-214, Po-214, Pb-210, Bi-210, Po-210
U-240+Np-240m, Np-240
Np-237+Pa-233
Pu-244+U-240, Np-240m, Np-240
Am-242m+Np-238
Am-243+Np-239
Cm-247+Pu-243
Cf-253+Cm-249
Es-254+Bk-250
Es-254m+Fm-254

PART 4The Basic Safety Standards Directive

SECTION 1Exposures and doses
Optimisation and dose limits

1.  In respect of a radioactive substances activity that relates to radioactive waste, the regulator must exercise its relevant functions to ensure that—

(a)all exposures to ionising radiation of any member of the public and of the population as a whole resulting from the disposal of radioactive waste are kept as low as reasonably achievable, taking into account economic and social factors; and

(b)the sum of the doses resulting from the exposure of any member of the public to ionising radiation does not exceed the dose limits set out in Article 13 of the Basic Safety Standards Directive subject to the exclusions set out in Article 6(4) of that Directive.

Specific dose limits and calculation

2.(1) In exercising those relevant functions in relation to the planning stage of radiation protection, the regulator must have regard to the following maximum doses to individuals which may result from a defined source—

(a)0.3 millisieverts per year from any source from which radioactive discharges are first made on or after 13th May 2000; or

(b)0.5 millisieverts per year from the discharges from any single site.

(2) In exercising those relevant functions, the regulator must observe the requirements of the following provisions of the Basic Safety Standards Directive—

(a)in estimating effective dose and equivalent dose, Articles 15 and 16;

(b)in estimating population doses, Article 45; and

(c)in relation to the responsibilities of undertakings, Article 47.

SECTION 2Interventions
Radioactive waste: power of the Secretary of State to provide facilities for disposal or accumulation

3.(1) If it appears to the Secretary of State that adequate facilities are not available for the safe disposal or accumulation of radioactive waste, the Secretary of State may—

(a)provide such facilities; or

(b)make arrangements for their provision by such persons as the Secretary of State may think fit.

(2) Before exercising the power under sub-paragraph (1), the Secretary of State must consult with—

(a)any local authority in whose area the facilities would be situated; and

(b)such other public or local authorities (if any) as appear to the Secretary of State to be proper to be consulted.

(3) Reasonable charges for the use of any facilities provided under sub-paragraph (1) may be made by—

(a)the Secretary of State; or

(b)the person providing such facilities, unless the arrangements made by the Secretary of State with that person provide to the contrary.

Radioactive waste: power of disposal by the regulator

4.(1) Sub-paragraph (2) applies if there is radioactive waste on any premises and the regulator is satisfied that the waste ought to be disposed of but that it is unlikely that the waste will be lawfully disposed of—

(a)because the premises are unoccupied;

(b)because the occupier is absent or insolvent; or

(c)for any other reason.

(2) The regulator may dispose of the waste and recover any expenses it reasonably incurs in that disposal from—

(a)the occupier of the premises; or

(b)if the premises are unoccupied, the owner of the premises.

(3) In sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)“owner” has the same meaning as in section 343 of the Public Health Act 1936(14); and

(b)the provisions of section 294 of that Act (which limits the liability of owners who are only agents or trustees) apply but as if reference in that section to a council recovering expenses under that Act were to the regulator recovering expenses under sub-paragraph (2).

PART 5The HASS Directive

SECTION 1Security of sources
Interpretation

1.  In this Part—

“the HASS Directive” means Council Directive 2003/122/EURATOM(15) on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources;

“high-activity or similar source” means—

(a)

a high-activity source; or

(b)

such other sealed source which, in the opinion of the regulator, is of a similar level of potential hazard to a high-activity source;

“high-activity source” has the same meaning as in the HASS Directive but excluding any such source once its activity level has fallen below the exemption levels specified in column 2 of Table A to Annex I to the Basic Safety Standards Directive;

“orphan source” has the same meaning as in the HASS Directive; and

“sealed source” has the same meaning as in the HASS Directive.

Site security: inspection

2.(1) In exercising relevant functions in relation to a radioactive substances activity, the regulator must comply with sub-paragraph (3) where a high-activity or similar source is, or will be, kept, used, disposed of or accumulated on any premises.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply where the premises are, or are part of, a nuclear site.

(3) In considering if the measures taken, or to be taken, by the operator ensure the adequate security of any premises, the regulator must where appropriate inspect those premises.

(4) Where the regulator inspects any premises under sub-paragraph (3), it may be accompanied by such other persons as are appropriate to assist it in assessing the measures.

(5) An operator must permit the regulator (and any person accompanying it) reasonable access to any premises the regulator wishes to inspect under sub-paragraph (3).

(6) If the operator fails to comply with sub-paragraph (5), the regulator may refuse the application or revoke the permit insofar as it relates to the sources referred to in sub-paragraph (1).

Site security: security measures and advice

3.(1) In exercising relevant functions in relation to a radioactive substances activity, the regulator must comply with sub-paragraph (2) where a high-activity or similar source is, or will be, kept, used, disposed of or accumulated on any premises.

(2) The regulator—

(a)must satisfy itself that there are in place measures concerning site security, including the security measures in sub-paragraph (3), as are appropriate to the source and premises in question;

(b)where it considers it appropriate to do so, must consult the police, security services or other appropriate persons on site security;

(c)must have regard to any advice given by them, if it is issued within such time as the regulator believes is reasonable before it exercises a relevant function; and

(d)must impose appropriate environmental permit conditions concerning site security.

(3) The security measures referred to in sub-paragraph (2)(a) are—

(a)measures to ensure the physical security of the premises, including the installation of alarm and detection systems, and the retaining of documentary evidence of those measures;

(b)measures, which are evidenced in writing—

(i)to prevent unauthorised access to, or loss or theft of, a high-activity or similar source;

(ii)to detect such matters; and

(iii)to review and enhance the physical security of the premises in response to any increased risk of unauthorised access, loss or theft;

(c)written procedures to ensure that before a person is authorised to have access to a high-activity or similar source—

(i)that person has passed checks to verify their identity, and

(ii)satisfactory written references have been obtained which confirm, as far as reasonably practicable, that there is no information to indicate that the person presents any security risk to the sources; and

(d)measures to keep secure, and prevent unauthorised access to, information relating to—

(i)a high-activity or similar source, and

(ii)the measures referred to in paragraphs (a), (b) and (c).

SECTION 2Advice and assistance in relation to orphan sources
Advice and assistance in respect of orphan sources

4.(1) The relevant person must ensure that specialised technical advice and assistance is promptly made available to persons who—

(a)are not normally involved in operations subject to radiation protection requirements, and

(b)suspect the presence of an orphan source.

(2) The relevant person must ensure that the primary aim of such advice and assistance is—

(a)the safety of the source; and

(b)protecting the public and workers from radiation.

(3) The relevant person means—

(a)in relation to the protection of workers, the Secretary of State;

(b)in relation to the protection of the public (other than workers)—

(i)in England, the Secretary of State,

(ii)in Wales, the Welsh Ministers.

SECTION 3Exercise of relevant functions and matters in relation to orphan sources
General

5.(1) In exercising relevant functions in relation to a radioactive substances activity, the regulator must comply with the following provisions of the HASS Directive—

(a)Article 3(2) and (3);

(b)Article 4;

(c)Article 5(1) and (2);

(d)Article 6;

(e)subject to sub-paragraph (2), Article 7(1) and (2).

(2) In relation to a high-activity source placed on the market before 31st December 2005, sub-paragraph (1)(e) has effect as if it referred to the provisions contained in Article 16(1)(b) of the HASS Directive.

Records and inspections

6.  In relation to a high-activity source, the regulator must—

(a)keep records of those matters—

(i)required by Article 5(3) and (4) of the HASS Directive; and

(ii)notified to it under Article 6 of that Directive;

and

(b)establish or maintain a system of inspections to enforce the following provisions of the HASS Directive—

(i)Articles 3 to 6;

(ii)as appropriate, Article 7(1) and (2) or Article 16(1)(b).

Training and information

7.(1) In relation to a high-activity source, the appropriate training and adequate information required by the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999(16) must include—

(a)specific requirements for the safe management of such a source;

(b)particular emphasis on the necessary safety requirements in relation to such a source; and

(c)specific information on possible consequences of the loss of adequate control of such a source.

(2) The training and information on the matters in sub-paragraph (1) must be repeated at regular intervals and documented, with a view to preparing the employees and other persons referred to in those Regulations for such matters.

Orphan sources

8.(1) The regulator must—

(a)be prepared, or have made provision (including the assignment of responsibilities), to recover any orphan source; and

(b)have drawn up appropriate response plans and measures.

(2) The regulator may recover any expenses reasonably incurred by it in the recovery and disposal of an orphan source from—

(a)the person carrying on the radioactive substances activity involving that source; or

(b)the occupier or owner of the premises where the source is located.

(3) In relation to sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)“owner” has the same meaning as in section 343 of the Public Health Act 1936(17); and

(b)the provisions of section 294 of that Act (which limits the liability of owners who are only agents or trustees) apply but as if reference in that section to a council recovering expenses under that Act were to the regulator recovering expenses under sub-paragraph (2).

PART 6Conditions in environmental permits

Posting on premises of environmental permits

1.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), the regulator must impose environmental permit display conditions on an environmental permit granted under these Regulations if the permit—

(a)relates to a radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2) of Part 2 of this Schedule; and

(b)does not relate to a sealed source.

(2) Where an existing radioactive substances permit—

(a)becomes an environmental permit by virtue of regulation 69(a); and

(b)does not relate to a sealed source,

the environmental permit has effect subject to environmental permit display conditions in addition to any conditions that apply to it by virtue of regulation 69(b).

(3) The regulator, if required to do so on the grounds of national security by any direction issued to it under these Regulations or under any other enactment—

(a)must vary or revoke environmental permit display conditions or any similar environmental permit conditions that applied to an existing radioactive substances permit at the relevant time; or

(b)must not impose such conditions.

(4) In this paragraph—

“environmental permit display conditions” means a requirement that the operator—

(a)

keep copies of the permit posted on the premises, and

(b)

post the permit in such characters and positions as to be conveniently read by persons who have duties on the premises which are or could be affected by the matters set out in the permit; and

“existing radioactive substances permit” means—

(a)

an authorisation under section 13 or 14 of the 1993 Act, or

(b)

a registration under section 7 of the 1993 Act.

PART 7Radioactive substances activity exemptions

SECTION 1General
Interpretation

1.  In this Part—

“Ba-137m eluting source” means a source which consists of Cs-137 in a sealed container which is designed and constructed to allow the elution of Ba-137m, and which is radioactive material or radioactive waste solely because of that Cs-137;

“Class A gaseous tritium light device” means a gaseous tritium light device where the activity of the device does not exceed 2 x 1010 Bq of tritium;

“Class B gaseous tritium light device” means a gaseous tritium light device which is installed or intended to be installed on premises and where the activity—

(a)

in each sealed container in the device does not exceed 8 x 1010 Bq of tritium; and

(b)

of the device does not exceed 1 x 1012 Bq of tritium;

“Class C gaseous tritium light device” means a gaseous tritium light device installed or intended to be installed—

(a)

in a vessel or aircraft; or

(b)

in a vehicle or other equipment used or intended to be used by the armed forces of the Crown;

“disposal permit” means—

(a)

an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule; or

(b)

an authorisation under the 1993 Act to dispose of radioactive waste held in respect of premises situated in Northern Ireland or Scotland;

“electrodeposited source” means an article where radionuclides are electrodeposited onto a metal substrate and which is radioactive material or radioactive waste solely because it contains Ni-63 or Fe-55;

“gaseous tritium light device” means a sealed source in a device which is an illuminant, instrument, sign or indicator which—

(a)

incorporates tritium in one or more sealed containers constructed to prevent dispersion of that tritium in normal use; and

(b)

is radioactive material solely because it contains that tritium;

“luminised article” means an article which is made wholly or partly from a luminescent substance in the form of a film or a paint and which—

(a)

is radioactive material or radioactive waste solely because it contains Pm-147 or H-3; and

(b)

is not a sealed source;

“management”, in respect of waste, means—

(a)

the preparation by checking, cleaning or repairing that waste for its re-use without further processing;

(b)

the recovery of that waste;

(c)

the disposal of that waste; or

(d)

the application of any treatment process to that waste which is preparatory to the recovery or disposal of it,

and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

“relevant river” means a river or a part of a river which—

(a)

is not a part of the sea; and

(b)

at the place and time of any disposal into it of aqueous radioactive waste from a sewage disposal works or directly from premises, has a flow-rate which is not less than 1m3s-1;

“relevant sewer” means—

(a)

a public sewer; or

(b)

a disposal main which leads to a sewage disposal works that—

(i)

has the capacity to handle a minimum of 100m3 of effluent per day; and

(ii)

discharges treated effluent only to the sea or to a relevant river,

and “public sewer”, “disposal main”, “sewage disposal works” and “effluent” have the same meaning as in the Water Industry Act 1991(18);

“relevant standard conditions” has the meaning given in paragraph 10;

“sea” includes any area submerged at mean high water springs and also includes, so far as the tide flows at mean high water springs, an estuary or arm of the sea and the waters of any channel, creek, bay or river;

“sealed source” means a radioactive source containing radioactive material where the structure is designed to prevent, under normal use, any dispersion of radioactive substances, excluding such a source where it is an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source;

“stored in transit” means the storage in the course of transit of radioactive material or radioactive waste but does not include any storage of such material or waste where it is removed from its container;

“Table 4”, “Table 5”, “Table 6”, “Table 7” or “Table 8” means the table with that number in this Part;

“a tritium foil source” means an article which—

(a)

has a mechanically tough surface into which tritium is incorporated; and

(b)

is radioactive material or radioactive waste solely because of that tritium;

“uranium or thorium compound” means a substance or article which is radioactive material or radioactive waste solely because it is or contains metallic uranium or thorium or prepared compounds of uranium or thorium, and in respect of which metal or compound the proportion of—

(a)

U-235 in the uranium it contains is no more than 0.72% by mass; and

(b)

any isotope of thorium it contains is present in the isotopic proportions found in nature;

“waste permitted person” means, in relation to the radioactive waste where the term appears, a person who holds—

(a)

an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) or (c) of Part 2 of this Schedule; or

(b)

in respect of premises in Scotland or Northern Ireland, an authorisation under section 13 or 14 of the 1993 Act;

“week” means any period of seven consecutive days; and

“year” means a calendar year.

Interpretation: NORM

2.(1) In this Part, “NORM waste” means a substance or article which is solid radioactive waste under—

(a)paragraph 4 of Part 2 of this Schedule; or

(b)except where sub-paragraph (2) applies, paragraph 5 of that Part where the waste arises from the remediation of land.

(2) Land is not contaminated under sub-paragraph (1)(b) where the land is on a site in respect of which a nuclear site licence is or has been in force and the contamination occurred—

(a)when that licence was in force; or

(b)before that licence was granted, when the site was used for the purpose of installing or operating an installation described in subsection (1) of section 1 of the Nuclear Installations Act 1965(19) (restriction of certain nuclear installations to licensed sites) or in regulations made under that subsection.

(3) In these Regulations, “NORM waste concentration” means, in respect of radionuclides contained in NORM waste, the sum of the concentrations of the single radionuclide with the highest concentration in each of the natural decay chains beginning with—

(a)U-238;

(b)U-235; and

(c)Th-232.

SECTION 2Exemption for keeping and using radioactive material and accumulating radioactive waste
Exemption for keeping and using radioactive material

3.(1) A person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(a) of Part 2 of this Schedule in respect of—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (2), the radioactive material described in paragraph 5, where A complies with the relevant standard conditions and—

(i)in respect of radioactive material described in paragraph 5(1)(a), the condition in paragraph 6(1); and

(ii)in respect of radioactive material described in paragraph 5(1)(b), the condition in paragraph 6(2);

or

(b)radioactive material stored in transit.

(2) A is not exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit under sub-paragraph (1)(a) in respect of a high activity source where A takes possession of it.

Exemption for accumulating radioactive waste

4.(1) This paragraph applies to the following radioactive substances activities—

(a)the activity described in paragraph 11(2)(c) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity A”); and

(b)the activity described in paragraph 11(4) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity B”).

(2) In this paragraph, “paragraph 5 waste” means radioactive waste described in paragraph 5.

(3) A person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A or B, in respect of radioactive waste which is stored in transit.

(4) Subject to sub-paragraph (5), a person (“B”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A or B in respect of paragraph 5 waste where—

(a)B receives that waste for accumulation on premises (with a view to its subsequent management by B on those premises);

(b)in respect of those premises B manages substantial quantities of waste which is not radioactive waste; and

(c)the management of the radioactive waste will be completed by B as soon as is reasonably practicable, with the radioactive waste dispersed in non-radioactive waste.

(5) B is not exempt under sub-paragraph (4) from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity B where the waste received by B is or contains a high-activity source.

(6) A person (“C”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of paragraph 5 waste, where C complies with the relevant standard conditions and—

(a)in respect of radioactive waste described in paragraph 5(1)(a), the condition in paragraph 6(1); and

(b)in respect of radioactive waste described in paragraph 5(1)(b), the condition in paragraph 6(2).

(7) A person (“D”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of radioactive waste which is a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source which—

(a)contains a quantity of radionuclides which exceeds the value specified in column 2 of Table 4 in respect of the relevant type of source;

(b)immediately before it became radioactive waste, was radioactive material in the form of a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source (as appropriate); and

(c)has not been received by D for the purpose of D disposing of it,

where D complies with the relevant standard conditions.

Radioactive substances exempted under paragraphs 3 and 4

5.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), paragraphs 3(1)(a) and 4(4) and (6) apply to—

(a)a substance or article described in an entry in column 1 of Table 4 which contains a quantity of radionuclides that does not exceed the value specified in column 2 of Table 4 in respect of that substance or article; or

(b)any substance or article which is not described in an entry in column 1 of Table 4.

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to NORM waste with a NORM waste concentration which is less than or equal to 10 Bq/g.

Conditions in respect of the total quantity or concentration of radioactive substances on any premises

6.(1) The condition referred to in paragraphs 3(1)(a)(i) and 4(6)(a) is that, in respect of the total amount of a substance or article described in paragraph 5(1)(a) (including any mobile radioactive apparatus) on the premises, the quantity of radionuclides must not exceed the value specified for that substance or article in column 3 of Table 4.

(2) The condition referred to in paragraphs 3(1)(a)(ii) and 4(6)(b) in respect of a substance or article described in paragraph 5(1)(b) is that—

(a)in respect of the total amount of such substances and articles on the premises, the quantity of radioactivity does not exceed the value specified in column 2 of Table 5; or

(b)no such substance or article on the premises contains a concentration of radioactivity that exceeds the value specified in column 3 of Table 5.

Exemption for accumulating NORM waste

7.(1) This paragraph applies—

(a)to the following radioactive substances activities—

(i)the activity described in paragraph 11(2)(c) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity A”);

(ii)the activity described in paragraph 11(4) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity B”);

and

(b)where Activity A or B is carried on in respect of NORM waste with a NORM waste concentration that does not exceed 10 Bq/g (“Qualifying NORM Waste”).

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (5) where it applies, a person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A or Activity B in respect of Qualifying NORM Waste, where another person (“B”) transfers that waste to A—

(a)in accordance with—

(i)a disposal permit held by B; or

(ii)an exemption from holding such a permit that applied to B in respect of the transfer to A;

and

(b)for the purpose of its accumulation by A with a view to its subsequent management by A on the premises on which it is received by A.

(3) Subject to sub-paragraph (5) where it applies, a person (“C”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of Qualifying NORM Waste where C complies with the relevant standard conditions.

(4) Sub-paragraph (5) applies to a person (“D”) who holds an environmental permit to carry on Activity A on premises (“the relevant premises”) in respect of NORM waste with a NORM waste concentration which is more than 10 Bq/g.

(5) The exemptions in sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) do not apply to D in respect of Qualifying NORM waste—

(a)with a NORM waste concentration which exceeds 5 Bq/g; and

(b)which is accumulated on the relevant premises.

SECTION 3Exemption for keeping or using mobile radioactive apparatus
Exemption for keeping or using mobile radioactive apparatus

8.(1) A person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(5) of Part 2 of this Schedule in respect of—

(a)a mobile radioactive apparatus described in an entry in column 1 of Table 4 where—

(i)that apparatus contains a quantity of radionuclides that does not exceed the value specified in column 2 of Table 4 in respect of an apparatus of that description; and

(ii)A complies with the conditions in sub-paragraph (2);

or

(b)mobile radioactive apparatus stored in transit.

(2) The conditions in this sub-paragraph are that A must—

(a)ensure that in relation to the total amount of all such mobile radioactive apparatus that A holds, the quantity of radionuclides does not exceed the value specified, in respect of an apparatus of that description, in column 3 of Table 4; and

(b)comply with the relevant standard conditions.

SECTION 4Relevant standard conditions
Interpretation of this section

9.  In this section, “radioactive substances” means radioactive material, mobile radioactive apparatus and radioactive waste, and “exempt radioactive substances” means radioactive substances in respect of which an exemption in section 2 or 3 of this Part applies.

Relevant standard conditions

10.(1) Reference to the relevant standard conditions in sections 1 to 3 of this Part, means in respect of the exemption provided for in—

(a)paragraph 3(1)(a), the conditions in paragraphs 11 and 12;

(b)paragraph 4(6), 4(7) or 7(3), the conditions in paragraphs 11, 12 and 14;

(c)paragraph 8(1)(a), the conditions in paragraphs 11 (except paragraph 11(e)(ii) and 11(f)) and 13.

(2) A condition in paragraph 11, 12 or 13 does not apply in respect of an exemption in section 2 or 3 of this Part unless that condition is a relevant condition in respect of that exemption.

General conditions

11.  A person (“A”) to whom the conditions in this paragraph apply must—

(a)keep an adequate record of any exempt radioactive substances which A holds, and—

(i)in respect of exempt radioactive substances which are mobile radioactive apparatus, the locations at which they are kept or used;

(ii)in respect of other exempt radioactive substances, the location within the premises where A holds them;

(b)ensure that where reasonably practicable exempt radioactive substances or the containers of such radioactive substances, are marked or labelled as radioactive;

(c)in respect of exempt radioactive substances which are sealed sources, electrodeposited sources or tritium foil sources, not modify or mutilate those sources or cause a loss of containment such that radioactive material or radioactive waste may be released outside the source;

(d)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that all of the conditions in respect of the relevant exemption are complied with;

(e)hold the exempt radioactive substances safely and securely to prevent, so far as reasonably practicable—

(i)accidental removal, loss or theft from the premises where they are held; or

(ii)loss of containment;

and

(f)in respect of exempt radioactive substances in a container—

(i)not modify or mutilate that container; and

(ii)prevent any uncontrolled or unintended release of radioactive material or radioactive waste from the container.

Loss or theft conditions

12.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), in the event of an incident of loss or theft (or suspected loss or theft) of exempt radioactive substances (except mobile radioactive apparatus) from the premises where they are held, a person to whom the condition in this paragraph applies must—

(a)notify the incident to the regulator as soon as reasonably practicable; and

(b)include in that notification the details of any other incidents of loss or theft (or suspected loss or theft) of any radioactive substances from those premises over the 12 months preceding the incident being notified.

(2) In respect of an incident described in sub-paragraph (1), a notification to the regulator is not required where in respect of the aggregated total amount of exempt radioactive substances (excluding mobile radioactive apparatus) lost or stolen (or suspected to have been lost or stolen) from the premises in the incident and in all other such incidents in the 12 months preceding it, the total quantity of radioactivity does not exceed the value that is ten times the value in column 2 of Table 5.

Loss or theft conditions: mobile radioactive apparatus

13.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), in the event of an incident of loss or theft (or suspected loss or theft) of mobile radioactive apparatus from a person (“A”) to whom the condition in this paragraph applies, A must—

(a)notify the incident to the regulator as soon as reasonably practicable; and

(b)include in that notification the details of any other incidents of loss or theft (or suspected loss or theft) of any mobile radioactive apparatus from A over the 12 months preceding the incident being notified.

(2) In respect of an incident described in sub-paragraph (1), a notification to the regulator is not required where in respect of the aggregated total amount of mobile radioactive apparatus lost or stolen (or suspected to have been lost or stolen) from A in the incident and in all other such incidents in the 12 months preceding it, the total quantity of radioactivity does not exceed the value that is ten times the value in column 2 of Table 5.

Condition to dispose of accumulated waste

14.  A person to whom the condition in this paragraph applies must dispose of the radioactive waste which is the subject of the exemption to which this condition applies—

(a)as soon as reasonably practicable after it has become waste; and

(b)in the case of such waste where it is a sealed source, a tritium foil source or an electrodeposited source, in any event within 26 weeks after it has become waste unless the regulator advises in writing that a longer period of accumulation is allowed.

SECTION 5Exemption for disposing of solid radioactive waste
Exemption for receiving and disposing of solid radioactive waste

15.(1) This paragraph applies to the following radioactive substances activities—

(a)the activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity A”);

(b)the activity described in paragraph 11(4) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity B”).

(2) A person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A or Activity B in respect of solid radioactive waste described in paragraph 16(1)(a) where—

(a)A receives the waste on premises for the purpose of it being managed by A on those premises;

(b)in respect of those premises A manages substantial quantities of waste which is not radioactive waste; and

(c)the radioactive waste will be disposed of by A as soon as is reasonably practicable with the radioactive waste dispersed in non-radioactive waste.

(3) A person (“B”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of solid radioactive waste described in paragraph 16(1) where—

(a)in respect of a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source, B complies with the conditions in paragraph 17(2); and

(b)in respect of any other waste described in paragraph 16(1)(a), B complies with the conditions in paragraph 17(1) and (2).

Solid radioactive waste

16.(1) Solid radioactive waste referred to in paragraph 15 means—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (2), solid radioactive waste described in an entry in column 1 of Table 6 which does not contain a concentration of radionuclides that exceeds the value specified in column 2 of that table in respect of that kind of waste; or

(b)a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source which is not described in paragraph (a).

(2) Sub-paragraph (1)(a) does not apply to waste—

(a)where, prior to the disposal of that waste, a person has diluted it with the intention of ensuring that sub-paragraph (1)(a) is met; or

(b)which is NORM waste with a NORM waste concentration which is less than or equal to 10 Bq/g.

Conditions in respect of solid radioactive waste

17.(1) The condition referred to in paragraph 15(3)(b) is that B must ensure that, in respect of the total amount of a waste to which this condition applies that is disposed of on or from the premises, the quantity of radioactivity which that waste contains must not exceed the value specified in column 3 of Table 6 in respect of that waste during the period stated in that column.

(2) The conditions referred to in paragraph 15(3)(a) and (b) are that B must—

(a)keep an adequate record of the solid radioactive waste which B disposes of on or from any premises under that paragraph;

(b)dispose of the waste by any of the routes described in sub-paragraph (3);

(c)where the disposal route in sub-paragraph (3)(a) is used, ensure that where reasonably practicable any marking or labelling of the waste or its container is removed before the person disposes of that waste;

(d)where the waste is or was a high-activity source, notify the details of the disposal to the regulator within 14 days of the disposal (including the information required by Annex II of the HASS Directive), in such form as may be required by the regulator; and

(e)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that all of the conditions that apply in respect of the relevant exemption in paragraph 15(3) are complied with.

(3) The routes referred to in sub-paragraph (2)(b) are that the waste is transferred to—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (4), a person who manages substantial quantities of non-radioactive waste and where the radioactive waste will be so managed with the radioactive waste dispersed in non-radioactive waste;

(b)a waste permitted person; or

(c)where the waste is a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source, to a licensee of a nuclear site or to a person who is situated in another country and who is lawfully entitled to receive such waste.

(4) The route in sub-paragraph (3)(a) does not apply in respect of waste—

(a)described in paragraph 16(1)(b); or

(b)which is described in paragraph 16(1)(a) and which is a sealed source, an electrodeposited source or a tritium foil source, where in respect of the total amount of such a source which is disposed of on or from the premises under paragraph 15(3), the quantity of radioactivity which that waste contains exceeds the value specified in column 3 of Table 6 in respect of that source during the period stated in that column.

SECTION 6Exemption for disposing of NORM waste
Exemption for receiving and disposing of NORM waste

18.(1) This paragraph applies—

(a)to the following radioactive substances activities—

(i)the activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity A”);

(ii)the activity described in paragraph 11(4) of Part 2 of this Schedule (“Activity B”);

and

(b)where Activity A or B is carried on in respect of NORM waste—

(i)with a NORM waste concentration that does not exceed 5 Bq/g (“type 1 NORM Waste”); or

(ii)with a NORM waste concentration that exceeds 5 Bq/g but does not exceed 10 Bq/g (“type 2 NORM waste”).

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (6), a person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A or Activity B in respect of type 1 NORM waste or type 2 NORM waste where another person (“B”) transfers that waste to A—

(a)in accordance with—

(i)a disposal permit held by B; or

(ii)an exemption from holding such a permit that applied to B in respect of the transfer to A;

and

(b)for the purpose of its disposal by A on the premises on which A receives it.

(3) Where a person (“C”) disposes of—

(a)type 1 NORM waste on or from premises, sub-paragraph (4) applies to C; or

(b)type 2 NORM waste on or from premises, sub-paragraph (5) applies to C.

(4) C is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of type 1 NORM waste where in relation to the total amount of such waste disposed of on or from the premises by C per year—

(a)the quantity of radionuclides does not exceed 5 x 1010 Bq, and C complies with the conditions in paragraph 19(1); or

(b)subject to sub-paragraph (6), the quantity of radionuclides exceeds 5 x 1010 Bq, and C complies with—

(i)the conditions in paragraph 19(1); and

(ii)where C intends to dispose of the waste by one of the methods in paragraph 19(2)(a), the conditions in paragraph 19(3).

(5) Subject to sub-paragraph (6), C is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on Activity A in respect of type 2 NORM waste where C complies with the conditions in paragraph 19(1) and (3).

(6) Sub-paragraph (7) applies to a person (“E”) where E holds an environmental permit to carry on Activity A for the disposal on or from premises (“the relevant premises”) of NORM waste with a NORM waste concentration which exceeds 10 Bq/g.

(7) The following exemptions do not apply to E—

(a)the exemptions in sub-paragraph (2) in respect of type 2 NORM waste;

(b)the exemption in sub-paragraph (4)(b); and

(c)the exemption in sub-paragraph (5).

Conditions in respect of NORM waste

19.(1) The conditions referred to in the exemptions in paragraph 18(4)(a) and (b)(i) and (5) are that C must—

(a)keep an adequate record of the NORM waste which C disposes of under those exemptions;

(b)dispose of the waste by any of the methods described in sub-paragraph (2);

(c)where the disposal method in sub-paragraph (2)(a) or (b) is used, ensure that where reasonably practicable any marking or labelling of the waste or its container is removed before C disposes of that waste; and

(d)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that all of the conditions that apply to C in respect of the relevant exemption in that paragraph are complied with.

(2) The methods referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(b) are that the waste is disposed of—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (3) where it applies, by burial in landfill or by the transfer of the waste to a person for the purpose of—

(i)the burial in landfill of the waste; or

(ii)the application of a treatment process to the waste which is preparatory to the burial in landfill of that waste;

(b)by incineration (or transfer to a person for such incineration or treatment which is preparatory to the incineration of the waste), but not in respect of—

(i)type 1 NORM waste, where in respect of the total amount of that waste that is incinerated (or transferred to a person for preparation or incineration) per year the quantity of radionuclides in the total amount of that waste exceeds 1 x 108 Bq; or

(ii)type 2 NORM waste;

or

(c)by transfer to a waste permitted person.

(3) The conditions referred to in paragraph 18(4)(b)(ii) and (5) are that C must—

(a)make a written radiological assessment of the reasonably foreseeable pathways for the exposure of the public and workers to radiation in respect of—

(i)the application of any treatment process to the waste which is preparatory to its burial in landfill, at the place of that treatment; and

(ii)the burial in landfill of that waste, at the place of disposal;

(b)be satisfied that the assessment demonstrates that radiation doses are not expected to exceed—

(i)1 millisievert per year to any worker at the place of treatment or disposal; and

(ii)300 microsievert per year to any member of the public;

(c)provide that assessment to the regulator at least 28 days before the first disposal is made; and

(d)not dispose of that waste (or continue to do so) if the regulator objects in writing to that assessment.

SECTION 7Exemption for disposing of aqueous radioactive waste
Exemption for disposing of aqueous radioactive waste in Table 6

20.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), a person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule in respect of aqueous radioactive waste described in an entry in column 1 of Table 6, where A complies with the conditions in sub-paragraph (3).

(2) A is not exempt under sub-paragraph (1) where the person who generated that waste did not minimise the quantity of radionuclides generated as waste to the extent reasonably practicable.

(3) The conditions referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are that, in respect of the waste described in that sub-paragraph, A must—

(a)ensure that in respect of the total amount of that waste that is disposed of on or from the premises in a year, the quantity of radioactivity which that waste contains does not exceed the value specified in column 3 of Table 6 in respect of that waste;

(b)dispose of that waste to a relevant sewer or to a waste permitted person;

(c)keep an adequate record of that waste which A disposes of on or from the premises; and

(d)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that the preceding conditions in this sub-paragraph are complied with.

Exemption for disposing of other aqueous radioactive waste

21.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), a person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule in respect of aqueous radioactive waste described in sub-paragraph (3) where A disposes of that waste in accordance with the conditions in paragraph 22(1).

(2) A is not exempt under sub-paragraph (1) in respect of premises, where A holds an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule for the disposal of aqueous radioactive waste on or from those premises.

(3) Subject to sub-paragraph (4), the waste referred to in sub-paragraph (1) is aqueous radioactive waste—

(a)which is not described in an entry in column 1 of Table 6; and

(b)with a total concentration of radioactivity which does not exceed 100 Bq/ml.

(4) Sub-paragraph (3) does not apply to aqueous radioactive waste—

(a)which a person has diluted with the intention that—

(i)the waste has a concentration of radioactivity which is below the value in sub-paragraph (3)(b); or

(ii)the condition in paragraph 22(3)(a) or (4)(b) is complied with in respect of that waste;

or

(b)where the person who generated that waste did not minimise the quantity of radionuclides generated as waste to the extent reasonably practicable.

Conditions in respect of aqueous radioactive waste in paragraph 21

22.(1) The conditions referred to in paragraph 21(1) are that A must—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (2), dispose of the waste to which that paragraph applies—

(i)directly into a relevant river or the sea;

(ii)to a relevant sewer; or

(iii)to a waste permitted person.

(b)keep an adequate record of the waste which A disposes of from the premises under that paragraph;

(c)in respect of the disposal of aqueous non-table 6 waste, comply with sub-paragraph (3) or (4) as appropriate; and

(d)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that all of the preceding conditions are complied with.

(2) In respect of aqueous non-Table 6 waste disposed of from the premises, A must not use both of the disposal routes described in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(i) and (ii) in a year and where—

(a)A uses the route in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(i), the conditions in sub-paragraph (3) apply to A; or

(b)A uses the route in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(ii), or A does not use the route in either sub-paragraph (1)(a)(i) or (ii), the conditions in sub-paragraph (4) apply to A.

(3) Where this sub-paragraph applies and A disposes of the aqueous non-table 6 waste directly into a relevant river or the sea, A must—

(a)in respect of any aqueous non-Table 6 waste which A disposes of, ensure that the concentration of radioactivity does not exceed the value specified in column 2 of Table 7; and

(b)in respect of the total amount of aqueous non-Table 6 waste which A disposes of from the premises in a year, ensure that the quantity of radioactivity does not exceed the value specified in column 4 of Table 7.

(4) Where this sub-paragraph applies and A disposes of the aqueous non-table 6 waste to a relevant sewer (or only to a waste permitted person), A must ensure that, in respect of the total amount of aqueous non-Table 6 waste which is disposed of from those premises in a year, the total quantity of radioactivity does not exceed—

(a)where any of that waste has a concentration of radioactivity which exceeds the value specified in column 2 of Table 7, the value in sub-paragraph (5); or

(b)where none of that waste has a concentration of radioactivity which exceeds the value specified in column 2 of Table 7, the value in sub-paragraph (5) or (6).

(5) The value referred to in sub-paragraph (4)(a) and (b) is—

(a)1 x 108 Bq for the sum of the following radionuclides: H-3, C-11, C-14, F-18, P-32, P-33, S-35, Ca-45, Cr-51, Fe-55, Ga-67, Sr-89, Y-90, Tc-99m, In-111, I-123, I-125, I-131, Sm-153, Tl-201; and

(b)1 x 106 Bq for the sum of all other radionuclides.

(6) The value referred to in sub-paragraph (4)(b) is the value specified in column 3 of Table 7.

(7) In this paragraph, “aqueous non-Table 6 waste” means aqueous radioactive waste which is not described in an entry in column 1 of Table 6.

SECTION 8Exemption for disposal of gaseous radioactive waste
Exemption for disposal of gaseous radioactive waste

23.(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), a person (“A”) is exempt from the requirement for an environmental permit to carry on the radioactive substances activity described in paragraph 11(2)(b) of Part 2 of this Schedule in respect of gaseous radioactive waste where—

(a)the only radionuclide contained in that waste is Kr-85 and A—

(i)ensures that in respect of the total amount of such waste which is disposed of from the premises in a year, the total quantity of radioactivity does not exceed 1011 Bq; and

(ii)complies with the conditions in paragraph 24(1);

or

(b)subject to sub-paragraph (3), that waste—

(i)is released from within a container at the time that the container is opened; and

(ii)is emitted by solid or liquid radioactive material within the container,

and A complies with the conditions in paragraph 24(1).

(2) Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to waste where the person who generated that waste did not minimise the quantity of radionuclides generated as waste to the extent reasonably practicable.

(3) Sub-paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in respect of any gas which arises as a result of a process applied by a person to the contained radioactive material.

Conditions in respect of gaseous radioactive waste

24.(1) The conditions referred to in paragraph 23(1) are that A must—

(a)to the extent that is reasonably practicable—

(i)in respect of relevant gaseous waste which arises in a building, cause the waste to be disposed of by an extraction system which removes the waste from the area where it arose and which vents the waste into the atmosphere; and

(ii)prevent the entry or, where sub-paragraph (i) applies, the re-entry, of relevant gaseous waste into a building;

and

(b)allow the regulator access to such records or such premises as the regulator may request in order to determine that all of the conditions that apply to A in respect of the relevant exemption in that paragraph are complied with.

(2) In this paragraph “relevant gaseous waste” means waste which is described in paragraph 23(1) and disposed of under the exemption in that paragraph.

SECTION 9Tables and summation rules in this Part
Table 4

25.  The Table 4 referred to in sections 2 and 3 of this Part—

Table 4
Radioactive material and accumulated radioactive waste: values of maximum quantities
Substance or articleMaximum quantity of radionuclides for each substance or article

Maximum quantity of radionuclides:

(a) on any premises in items which satisfy the limit in column 2; or

(b) in mobile radioactive apparatus held by a person

A sealed source of a type not described in any other row of this table.4 x 106 Bq2 x 108 Bq
A Class A gaseous tritium light device.2 x 1010 Bq5 x 1012 Bq
A Class B gaseous tritium light device.1 x 1012 Bq3 x 1013 Bq
A Class C gaseous tritium light device.1 x 1012 BqNo limit.
Any sealed source which is solely radioactive material or radioactive waste because it contains tritium.2 x 1010 Bq5 x 1012 Bq
A tritium foil source.2 x 1010 Bq5 x 1012 Bq
A smoke detector affixed to premises.4 x 106 BqNo limit.
An electrodeposited source.

6 x 108 Bq Ni-63 or

2 x 108 Bq Fe-55

6 x 1011 Bq
A luminised article.

8 x 107 Bq Pm-147 or

4 x 109 Bq H-3

4 x 1010 Bq Pm-147

or

2 x 1011 Bq H-3

A Ba-137m eluting source.4 x 104 Bq Cs-137+4 x 105 Bq Cs-137+
A substance or article which is or contains magnesium alloy or thoriated tungsten in which the thorium concentration does not exceed 4% by mass.No limit.No limit.
A uranium or thorium compound.Up to a total of 5 kg of uranium and thorium.Up to a total of 5 kg of uranium and thorium.
A substance or article (other than a sealed source) which is intended for use for medical or veterinary diagnosis or treatment or clinical or veterinary trials.

1 x 109 Bq Tc-99m

and

in respect of the total for all other radionuclides—

(i)

1 x 108 Bq if the substance or article is radioactive material; or

(ii)

2 x 108 Bq if the substance or article is radioactive waste.

1 x 109 Bq Tc-99m

and

2 x 108 Bq of all other radionuclides, (no more than 1 x 108 Bq of which is contained in radioactive material).

Table 5

26.  The Table 5 referred to in sections 2 and 4 of this Part is—

Table 5
Radionuclides: values of quantities and concentrations
RadionuclidesMaximum quantity of radioactivity (Bq) on any premisesMaximum concentration (Bq/g)
H-3109106
Be-7107103
C-14107104
O-15109102
F-1810610
Na-2210610
Na-2410510
Si-31106103
P-32105103
P-33108105
S-35108105
Cl-36106104
Cl-3810510
Ar-37108106
Ar-41109102
K-42106102
K-4310610
Ca-45107104
Ca-4710610
Sc-4610610
Sc-47106102
Sc-4810510
V-4810510
Cr-51107103
Mn-5110510
Mn-5210510
Mn-52m10510
Mn-53109104
Mn-5410610
Mn-5610510
Fe-5210610
Fe-55106104
Fe-5910610
Co-5510610
Co-5610510
Co-57106102
Co-5810610
Co-58m107104
Co-6010510
Co-60m106103
Co-61106102
Co-62m10510
Ni-59108104
Ni-63108105
Ni-6510610
Cu-64106102
Zn-6510610
Zn-69106104
Zn-69m106102
Ga-7210510
Ge-71108104
As-73107103
As-7410610
As-76105102
As-77106103
Se-75106102
Br-8210610
Kr-74109102
Kr-76109102
Kr-77109102
Kr-79105103
Kr-81107104
Kr-83m1012105
Kr-85104105
Kr-85m1010103
Kr-87109102
Kr-88109102
Rb-86105102
Sr-85106102
Sr-85m107102
Sr-87m106102
Sr-89106103
Sr-90+(20)104102
Sr-9110510
Sr-9210610
Y-90105103
Y-91106103
Y-91m106102
Y-92105102
Y-93105102
Zr-93+107103
Zr-9510610
Zr-97+10510
Nb-93m107104
Nb-9410610
Nb-9510610
Nb-9710610
Nb-9810510
Mo-9010610
Mo-93108103
Mo-99106102
Mo-10110610
Tc-9610610
Tc-96m107103
Tc-97108103
Tc-97m107103
Tc-99107104
Tc-99m107102
Ru-97107102
Ru-103106102
Ru-10510610
Ru-106+105102
Rh-103m108104
Rh-105107102
Pd-103108103
Pd-109106103
Ag-105106102
Ag-108m+10610
Ag-110m10610
Ag-111106103
Cd-109106104
Cd-115106102
Cd-115m106103
In-111106102
In-113m106102
In-114m106102
In-115m106102
Sn-113107103
Sn-125105102
Sb-122104102
Sb-12410610
Sb-125106102
Te-123m107102
Te-125m107103
Te-127106103
Te-127m107103
Te-129106102
Te-129m106103
Te-131105102
Te-131m10610
Te-132107102
Te-13310510
Te-133m10510
Te-13410610
I-123107102
I-125106103
I-126106102
I-129105102
I-13010610
I-131106102
I-13210510
I-13310610
I-13410510
I-13510610
Xe-131m104104
Xe-133104103
Xe-1351010103
Cs-129105102
Cs-131106103
Cs-13210510
Cs-134m105103
Cs-13410410
Cs-135107104
Cs-13610510
Cs-137+10410
Cs-13810410
Ba-131106102
Ba-140+10510
La-14010510
Ce-139106102
Ce-141107102
Ce-143106102
Ce-144+105102
Pr-142105102
Pr-143106104
Nd-147106102
Nd-149106102
Pm-147107104
Pm-149106103
Sm-151108104
Sm-153106102
Eu-15210610
Eu-152m106102
Eu-15410610
Eu-155107102
Gd-153107102
Gd-159106103
Tb-16010610
Dy-165106103
Dy-166106103
Ho-166105103
Er-169107104
Er-171106102
Tm-170106103
Tm-171108104
Yb-175107103
Lu-177107103
Hf-18110610
Ta-18210410
W-181107103
W-185107104
W-187106102
Re-186106103
Re-188105102
Os-18510610
Os-191107102
Os-191m107103
Os-193106102
Ir-19010610
Ir-19210410
Ir-194105102
Pt-191106102
Pt-193m107103
Pt-197106103
Pt-197m106102
Au-198106102
Au-199106102
Hg-197107102
Hg-197m106102
Hg-203105102
Tl-20010610
Tl-201106102
Tl-202106102
Tl-204104104
Pb-203106102
Pb-210+10410
Pb-212+10510
Bi-20610510
Bi-20710610
Bi-210106103
Bi-212+10510
Po-20310610
Po-20510610
Po-20710610
Po-21010410
At-211107103
Rn-220+107104
Rn-222+10810
Ra-223+105102
Ra-224+10510
Ra-225105102
Ra-226+10410
Ra-227106102
Ra-228+10510
Ac-22810610
Th-226+107103
Th-22710410
Th-228+1041
Th-229+1031
Th-2301041
Th-231107103
Th-232 sec1031
Th-234+105103
Pa-23010610
Pa-2311031
Pa-233107102
U-230+10510
U-231107102
U-232+1031
U-23310410
U-23410410
U-235+10410
U-23610410
U-237106102
U-238+10410
U-238 sec1031
U-239106102
U-240107103
U-240+10610
Np-237+1031
Np-239107102
Np-24010610
Pu-234107102
Pu-235107102
Pu-23610410
Pu-237107103
Pu-2381041
Pu-2391041
Pu-2401031
Pu-241105102
Pu-2421041
Pu-243107103
Pu-2441041
Am-2411041
Am-242106103
Am-242m+1041
Am-243+1031
Cm-242105102
Cm-2431041
Cm-24410410
Cm-2451031
Cm-2461031
Cm-2471041
Cm-2481031
Bk-249106103
Cf-246106103
Cf-24810410
Cf-2491031
Cf-25010410
Cf-2511031
Cf-25210410
Cf-253105102
Cf-2541031
Es-253105102
Es-25410410
Es-254m106102
Fm-254107104
Fm-255106103

Any other radionuclide that is:

(a)

not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin; or

(b)

listed in Table 2 in this Schedule.

103, or the quantity given in respect of that radionuclide in the Health Protection Agency’s publication ‘Exempt Concentrations and Quantities for Radionuclides not Included in the European Basic Safety Standards Directive’(21).1, or the concentration given in respect of that radionuclide in the publication referenced in column 2.

27.  The summation rule in respect of column 2 of Table 5 is the sum of the quotients A/B where—

(a)“A” means the quantity of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 5 that is present in the material and waste; and

(b)“B” means the quantity of that radionuclide specified in column 2 of Table 5.

28.  The summation rule in respect of column 3 of Table 5 is the sum of the quotients C/D where—

(a)“C” means the concentration of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 5 that is present in the material and waste; and

(b)“D” means the concentration of that radionuclide specified in column 3 of Table 5.

Table 6

29.  The Table 6 referred to in sections 5 and 7 of this Part is—

Table 6
Radioactive waste: values of quantities and concentrations
Radioactive wasteMaximum concentration of radionuclidesMaximum quantity of radioactivity to be disposed of in the period stated
Solid radioactive waste, with no single item > 4 x 104 Bq.4 x 105 Bq for the sum of all radionuclides per 0.1m3.2 x 108 Bq/year.
Solid radioactive waste containing tritium and C-14 only, with no single item > 4 x 105 Bq.4 x 106 Bq of tritium and C-14 per 0.1m3.2 x 109 Bq/year.
Individual sealed sources.2 x 105 Bq for the sum of all radionuclides per 0.1m3.1 x 107 Bq/year.
Individual sealed sources which are solely radioactive waste because they contain tritium.2 x 1010 Bq of tritium per 0.1m3.1 x 1013 Bq/year.
Luminised articles with no single item containing > 8 x 107 Bq of Pm-147 or > 4 x 109 of tritium.

8 x 107 Bq per 0.1m3 of Pm-147

or 4 x 109 Bq per 0.1m3 for tritium.

2 x 109 Bq/year of Pm-147

or 1 x 1011 Bq/year of tritium.

Solid radioactive waste which consists of magnesium alloy, thoriated tungsten or dross from hardener alloy in which the thorium concentration does not exceed 4% by mass.No limit.No limit.
Solid uranium or thorium compound.No limit.0.5 kg of uranium or thorium per week.
Aqueous liquid uranium or thorium compound.No limit.0.5 kg of uranium or thorium per year.
Aqueous liquid human excreta.No limit.

1 x 1010 Bq/year of Tc-99m

and

5 x 109 Bq/year for the sum of all other radionuclides.

Table 7

30.  The Table 7 referred to in section 7 of this Part is—

Table 7
Aqueous radioactive waste values
RadionuclideConcentration in Bq/ litreMaximum annual quantity of radionuclides to a relevant sewer (Bq/ year)Maximum annual quantity of radionuclides directly into a relevant river or the sea (Bq/ year)
H-310310101010
Be-71107107
C-140.1106106
F-180.1106106
Na-221106107
Na-241107107
Si-3110108108
P-320.001104104
P-330.001104104
S-35103 x 107108
Cl-3610107108
Cl-380.1106106
K-420.01105105
K-430.01105105
Ca-451107107
Ca-470.1106106
Sc-460.001104104
Sc-470.01105105
Sc-480.001104104
V-481107107
Cr-5110108108
Mn-510.001104104
Mn-520.001104104
Mn-52m0.001104104
Mn-531107107
Mn-540.01105105
Mn-560.001104104
Fe-520.01105105
Fe-551107107
Fe-590.01105105
Co-550.001104104
Co-560.001104104
Co-570.1106106
Co-580.1106106
Co-58m1107107
Co-600.01105105
Co-60m1107107
Co-610.1106106
Co-62m0.001104104
Ni-591107107
Ni-63102109109
Ni-650.01105105
Cu-640.1106106
Zn-650.13 x 105106
Zn-6910108108
Zn-69m0.1106106
Ga-670.1106106
Ga-720.001104104
Ge-711107107
As-7310108108
As-741107107
As-761107107
As-771107107
Se-750.13 x 105106
Br-820.1106106
Rb-860.1106106
Sr-850.1106106
Sr-85m0.1106106
Sr-87m0.1106106
Sr-891107107
Sr-90+0.13 x 105106
Sr-910.01105105
Sr-920.01105105
Y-901107107
Y-911107107
Y-91m0.01105105
Y-920.1106106
Y-930.1106106
Zr-9310108108
Zr-95+0.001104104
Zr-970.01105105
Nb-93m10108108
Nb-940.1106106
Nb-951107107
Nb-971107107
Nb-980.1106106
Mo-900.1106106
Mo-931107107
Mo-990.1106106
Mo-1010.01105105
Tc-961107107
Tc-96m102109109
Tc-97102109109
Tc-97m10108108
Tc-9910107108
Tc-99m103 x 107108
Ru-970.01105105
Ru-1030.01105105
Ru-1050.01105105
Ru-106+0.1106106
Rh-103m10108108
Rh-1051107107
Pd-1030.1106106
Pd-1090.1106106
Ag-1051107107
Ag-108m0.1106106
Ag-110m0.1106106
Ag-11110108108
Cd-1091107107
Cd-1150.1106106
Cd-115m1107107
In-1110.01105105
In-113m0.01105105
In-114m0.01105105
In-115m0.01105105
Sn-1130.1106106
Sn-1250.01105105
Sb-1220.1106106
Sb-1240.1106106
Sb-1251107107
Te-123m1107107
Te-125m1107107
Te-12710108108
Te-127m1107107
Te-12910108108
Te-129m1107107
Te-1311107107
Te-131m1107107
Te-1320.1106106
Te-1331107107
Te-133m1107107
Te-1341107107
I-1231107107
I-1251107107
I-1260.1106106
I-1290.1106106
I-1300.1106106
I-1310.1106106
I-1320.1106106
I-1330.1106106
I-1340.1106106
I-1350.1106106
Cs-1290.01105105
Cs-1310.1106106
Cs-1320.01105105
Cs-1340.01105105
Cs-134m0.1106106
Cs-1350.1106106
Cs-1360.001104104
Cs-137+0.01105105
Cs-1380.001104104
Ba-1310.1106106
Ba-1400.1106106
La-1400.001104104
Ce-1390.1106106
Ce-1410.1106106
Ce-1430.01105105
Ce-1440.1106106
Pr-1420.1106106
Pr-14310108108
Nd-1470.01105105
Nd-1490.01105105
Pm-14710108108
Pm-1491107107
Sm-151102109109
Sm-1530.1106106
Eu-1520.01105105
Eu-152m0.01105105
Eu-1540.01105105
Eu-1550.1106106
Gd-1530.1106106
Gd-1590.1106106
Tb-1600.01105105
Dy-1650.1106106
Dy-1660.1106106
Ho-1660.1106106
Er-16910108108
Er-1710.01105105
Tm-1701107107
Tm-17110108108
Yb-1750.1106106
Lu-1770.1106106
Hf-1810.01105105
Ta-1820.001104104
W-1810.1106106
W-1851107107
W-1870.01105105
Re-1861107107
Re-1881107107
Os-1850.01105105
Os-1910.1106106
Os-191m1107107
Os-1930.1106106
Ir-1900.001104104
Ir-1920.01105105
Ir-1940.1106106
Pt-1910.01105105
Pt-193m1107107
Pt-1970.1106106
Pt-197m0.1106106
Au-1981107107
Au-1991107107
Hg-1971107107
Hg-197m0.1106106
Hg-2030.1106106
Tl-2000.01105105
Tl-2010.1106106
Tl-2020.01105105
Tl-2040.1106106
Pb-2030.01105105
Pb-2100.001104104
Pb-2120.1106106
Bi-2060.01105105
Bi-2070.1106106
Bi-21010108108
Bi-2121107107
Po-2030.001104104
Po-2050.001104104
Po-2070.001104104
Po-2100.001104104
At-2111107107
Ra-2230.01105105
Ra-224+0.01105105
Ra-2250.01105105
Ra-226+0.01105105
Ra-2271107107
Ra-2280.01105105
Ac-2270.1106106
Ac-2280.001104104
Th-2260.1106106
Th-2270.01105105
Th-2281107107
Th-2290.01105105
Th-2301107107
Th-2310.1106106
Th-2321106107
Th-2340.1106106
Pa-2300.01105105
Pa-2310.01105105
Pa-2330.1106106
U-2300.1106106
U-23110108108
U-2320.1106106
U-2330.1106106
U-2340.1106106
U-235+0.1106106
U-2360.1106106
U-23710108108
U-238+0.1106106
U-23910108108
U-24010108108
Np-2370.1106106
Np-2391107107
Np-2400.1106106
Pu-2340.01105105
Pu-2350.01105105
Pu-2361107107
Pu-2370.1106106
Pu-2380.1106106
Pu-2390.1106106
Pu-2400.1106106
Pu-24110108108
Pu-2420.1106106
Pu-2430.1106106
Pu-2440.1106106
Am-2410.1106106
Am-2420.1106106
Am-242m0.1106106
Am-2430.1106106
Cm-2421107107
Cm-2430.1106106
Cm-2440.1106106
Cm-2450.01105105
Cm-2460.1106106
Cm-2470.01105105
Cm-2480.1106106
Bk-249102109109
Cf-2461107107
Cf-2481107107
Cf-2490.01105105
Cf-2500.1106106
Cf-2510.01105105
Cf-2520.1106106
Cf-25310108108
Cf-2540.0001103103
Es-2531107107
Es-2540.1106106
Es-254m0.01105105
Fm-2541107107
Fm-2550.1106106
Any other radionuclide that is not of natural terrestrial or cosmic origin0.0001103103

or that concentration which gives rise to a dose to a member of the public of 10 microsieverts per year calculated in accordance with the methodology used to calculate other concentrations in this table(22).

or that quantity which corresponds to 3000m3 of aqueous radioactive waste up to the appropriate concentration as calculated in accordance with column 2.

or that quantity which corresponds to 10000m3 of aqueous radioactive waste up to the appropriate concentration as calculated in accordance with column 2.

31.  The summation rule in respect of column 2 of Table 7 is the sum of the quotients A/B where—

(a)“A” means the concentration in Bq/ litre of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 7 that is present in aqueous waste which is not described in a row in column 1 of Table 6; and

(b)“B” means the concentration of that radionuclide specified in column 2 of Table 7.

32.  The summation rule in respect of column 3 of Table 7 is the sum of the quotients C/D where—

(a)“C” means the quantity in Bq of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 7 that is present in the aqueous waste which is not described in a row in column 1 of Table 6 which is disposed of in the year; and

(b)“D” means the quantity of that radionuclide specified in column 3 of Table 7.

33.  The summation rule in respect of column 4 of Table 7 is the sum of the quotients C/E where—

(a)“C” means the quantity in Bq of each radionuclide listed in column 1 of Table 7 that is present in the aqueous waste which is not described in a row in column 1 of Table 6 which is disposed of in the year; and

(b)“E” means the quantity of that radionuclide specified in column 4 of Table 7.

Interpretation of this section

34.  In this section, where any radionuclide carries the suffix “+” or “sec”—

(a)