Statutory Instruments

2010 No. 490

Wildlife

Countryside

The Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010

Made

1st March 2010

Laid before Parliament

8th March 2010

Laid before the National Assembly for Wales

8th March 2010

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1(2), (3) and (4)

The Secretary of State is designated F1 for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 F2 in relation to the environment, and the Welsh Ministers are designated F3 for those purposes in relation to the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora.

In exercise of the powers conferred on them by section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 and paragraph 1A of Schedule 2 F4 to that Act, and by section 307(3) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 F5, the Secretary of State and the Welsh Ministers make these Regulations, the Welsh Ministers in relation to Wales, to the extent that they are designated to do so, and the Secretary of State in relation to every other aspect.

These Regulations make provision for a purpose mentioned in section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 and it appears to the Secretary of State and to the Welsh Ministers that it is expedient for any reference in these Regulations to an Annex to Council Directive 92/43/EEC (on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora F6) to be construed as a reference to that Annex as amended from time to time.

Annotations:

F3S.I. 2002/248. The designation is subject to the exceptions set out in Schedule 2 to that Order. The functions conferred on the National Assembly for Wales by means of that Order are now exercisable by the Welsh Ministers, by virtue of paragraph 30 of Schedule 11 to the Government of Wales Act 2006 (c. 32).

F4Paragraph 1A of Schedule 2 was inserted by section 28 of the Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c. 51).

F6OJ No L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7, last amended by Council Directive 2006/105/EC (OJ No L 363, 20.12.2006, p. 368).

PART 1INTRODUCTORY AND GENERAL PROVISIONS

Citation and commencement

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010.

(2) Except as provided by paragraphs (3) and (4), these Regulations come into force on 1st April 2010.

(3) In regulation 6 (relevant authorities in relation to marine areas and European marine sites), paragraph (i) (inshore fisheries and conservation authority) comes into force immediately after section 153 of the Marine Act F7 (management of inshore fisheries) comes into force.

(4) The following provisions come into force immediately after section 134 of the Marine Act (orders for protection of marine conservation zones in Wales) comes into force (so far as not already brought into force)—

(a)paragraph (2) of regulation 38 (European marine sites: byelaws and orders), and paragraphs (3), (4) and (5) of that regulation in so far as they relate to paragraph (2); and

(b)paragraph (3) of regulation 133 (revocations), in so far as that paragraph relates to the revocation, as regards Wales, of—

(i)the entry “sections 36 and 37 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (marine nature reserves),” in paragraph (3) of regulation 3 (implementation of Directive) of the 1994 Regulations F8, and

(ii)regulation 36 (byelaws for protection of European marine site) of the 1994 Regulations.

Extent

2.—(1) Except as provided in this regulation, these Regulations extend to England and Wales only.

(2) The following provisions also extend to Scotland—

(a)regulation 3(8) (interpretation in relation to adjacent sea);

[F9(b)regulations 9 (duties relating to compliance with the Directives) and 9A (duties in relation to wild bird habitat), in so far as those regulations apply in relation to the exercise of a function which relates to a reserved matter (within the meaning of Schedule 5 to the Scotland Act 1998 (reserved matters));]

(c)regulation 39(4) (statement under Planning Act 2008 F10);

[F11(ca)Chapter 1 of Part 6 (assessment of plans and projects: general provisions), in so far as that Chapter applies in relation to plans and projects—

(i)which do not relate to a matter specified in Chapters 2 to 9 of that Part, and

(ii)which relate to a reserved matter (within the meaning of Schedule 5 to the Scotland Act 1998);]

(d)in regulation 68 (grant of planning permission)—

(i)paragraph (1)(e)(ii) and (iii) (deemed grant of planning permission under section 57(2) of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 F12 and section 5(1) of the Pipe-lines Act 1962 F13), and

(ii)paragraph (2) in so far as that paragraph relates to paragraph (1)(e)(ii) and (iii) of that regulation;

(e)in regulation 69 (planning permission: duty to review), in paragraph (3)—

(i)sub-paragraph (b) (direction under section 5(1) of the Pipe-lines Act 1962), and

(ii)sub-paragraph (d) in so far as that sub-paragraph relates to a direction under section 57(2) of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997;

(f)regulations 81, 82 and 83(2) (development consent under Planning Act 2008);

(g)Chapter 4 of Part 6 (electricity);

(h)Chapter 5 of Part 6 (pipe-lines);

[F14(ha)regulation 100 (marine works) in so far as it applies to the granting of a licence under Part 2 of the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985;]

(i)regulation 106 (national policy statements under Planning Act 2008), and regulations 102, 103 and 105 in so far as they apply in relation to a national policy statement by virtue of regulation 106; F15...

[F16(ia)regulation 107A, in so far as it applies in relation to the exercise of any power by the Secretary of State, and regulations 102, 103 and 105 in so far as they apply to marine policy statements by virtue of regulation 107A;]

(j)in Schedule 6 (amendments of legislation)—

(i)sub-paragraph (3) of paragraph 5 (amendment of section 123 of the Marine Act),

(ii)sub-paragraph (5) of that paragraph (amendment of section 237 of that Act), and

(iii)paragraph 7 (amendment of the 2007 Regulations F17),

and regulation 132 in so far as it relates to those provisions.

(3) The following provisions also extend to Scotland in so far as they have effect in relation to the provisions specified in paragraph (2)—

(a)regulations [F181 (citation and commencement) and 2 (extent)] 3 (interpretation), 5 (nature conservation bodies), 7 (competent authorities) and 8 (European sites and European marine sites);

(b)Chapter 1 of Part 6 (general provisions in relation to Part 6 (assessment of plans and projects)); and

(c)regulations 128 (advisory role of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee), 129(3) (advisory role of Scottish Natural Heritage) and 131 (notices).

[F19(4) The following provisions also extend to Northern Ireland—

(a)regulations 9 and 9A, in so far as those regulations apply in relation to the exercise of a function which relates to an excepted matter (within the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998);

(b)Chapter 1 of Part 6, in so far as that Chapter applies in relation to plans and projects—

(i)which do not relate to a matter specified in Chapters 2 to 9 of that Part, and

(ii)which relate to an excepted matter (within the meaning given by section 4(1) of the Northern Ireland Act 1998);

(c)regulation 100, in so far as it applies in relation to a marine licence under Part 4 of the Marine Act in respect of anything done in the course of carrying on an activity which relates to a matter which is an excepted matter by virtue of paragraph 4 of Schedule 2 to the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (defence of the realm etc.);

(d)regulation 107A, in so far as it applies in relation to the exercise of any power by the Secretary of State, and regulations 102, 103 and 105 in so far as they apply to marine policy statements by virtue of regulation 107A; and

(e)in Schedule 6—

(i)sub-paragraphs (3) and (5) of paragraph 5, and sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 5 in so far as it relates to those sub-paragraphs, and

(ii)paragraph 7,

and regulation 132 in so far as it relates to those provisions.

(4A) This regulation and regulations 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 128 and 131 also extend to Northern Ireland in so far as they have effect in relation to the provisions specified in paragraph (4).

(4B) Chapter 1 of Part 6 also extends to Northern Ireland in so far as it has effect in relation to the provision specified in paragraph (4)(c).]

F20(5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6) The revocation of an enactment by any provision of regulation 133 (revocations) or Schedule 7 (revocations) has the same extent as the enactment revoked, except that the following provisions do not extend to Scotland—

(a)paragraph (3) of that regulation, and paragraph (1) of that regulation so far as it relates to paragraph (3); and

(b)paragraph (4)(b) of that regulation and Part 2 of that Schedule.

Interpretation

3.—(1) In these Regulations—

the 1949 Act” means the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 F21;

the 1994 Regulations” means the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 F22;

the 2007 Regulations” means the Offshore Marine Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 2007 F23;

[F24“the appropriate authority” means the Secretary of State in relation to England and the Welsh Ministers in relation to Wales (but see modifications of the meaning of that term in regulations 9(4) and 9A(12)(a), and modifications of references to that term in regulations 67(1)(b), (3)(c), (5) and (8)(b), 94(6), 106(3)(b) and 107A(3)(c)), and any person exercising any function of the Secretary of State or the Welsh Ministers;]

competent authority” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 7 (competent authorities);

conservation” has the meaning given by Article 1(a) of the Habitats Directive;

“conservation status” and “favourable conservation status” have the meanings given by paragraphs (e) (in relation to habitats) and (i) (in relation to species) of Article 1 of the Habitats Directive;

destroy”, in relation to an egg, includes doing anything to the egg which is calculated to prevent it from hatching, and “destruction” is to be construed accordingly;

the devolved administrations” means the Welsh Ministers, the Department of the Environment in Northern Ireland and the Scottish Ministers;

[F25“the Directives” means the Habitats Directive and the new Wild Birds Directive;]

enactment” includes a local enactment and an enactment contained in subordinate legislation, and “subordinate legislation” has the same meaning as in the Interpretation Act 1978 F26 (see section 21 of that Act);

English inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to England;

European marine site” has the meaning given by paragraph (4) of regulation 8 (European sites and European marine sites);

European offshore marine site” means a European offshore marine site within the meaning of regulation 15 of the 2007 Regulations (meaning of European offshore marine site);

European site” has the meaning given by regulation 8 (European sites and European marine sites);

functions” includes powers and duties;

the Habitats Directive” means Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora;

land” includes land covered by water;

local planning authority” means, except as otherwise provided, any authority having any function as a local planning authority or mineral planning authority under the TCPA 1990 F27;

management agreement” means an agreement made, or having effect as if made, under regulation 16 (management agreements);

the Marine Act” means the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 F28;

marine area” means (subject to [F29regulations 9(5) and 9A(12)(b)]) the English inshore region and the Welsh inshore region;

Natura 2000” means the European network of special areas of conservation, and special protection areas under the old Wild Birds Directive or the new Wild Birds Directive, provided for by Article 3(1) of the Habitats Directive;

natural habitats” has the meaning given by Article 1(b) of the Habitats Directive;

“nature conservation body” and “appropriate nature conservation body” have the meaning given by regulation 5 (nature conservation bodies);

the new Wild Birds Directive” means Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the conservation of wild birds F30;

[F31“Northern Ireland inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to Northern Ireland;]

“officer”—

(a)

in relation to a body corporate, means a director, member of the committee of management, chief executive, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body, and

(b)

in relation to an unincorporated body, means any member of its governing body or a chief executive, manager or other similar officer of the body;

the old Wild Birds Directive” means Council Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds F32;

priority natural habitat types” has the meaning given by Article 1(d) of the Habitats Directive;

priority species” has the meaning given by Article 1(h) of the Habitats Directive;

the register” means the register of European sites provided for by regulation 13 (register of European sites);

relevant authorities”, in relation to marine areas and European marine sites, is to be construed in accordance with regulation 6 (relevant authorities in relation to marine areas and European marine sites);

relevant licensing body” has the meaning given by regulation 56 (relevant licensing body);

research” includes inquiries and investigations;

restricted English inshore region” means so much of the English inshore region as lies to seaward of mean low water mark;

sample” means a sample of blood, tissue or other biological material;

Scottish inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to Scotland;

sea” includes—

(a)

any area submerged at mean high water spring tide, and

(b)

the waters of every estuary, river or channel, so far as the tide flows at mean high water spring tide,

and any reference to an area of sea includes the bed and subsoil of the sea within that area;

ship” means any vessel (including hovercraft, submersible craft and other floating craft) other than one which permanently rests on, or is permanently attached to, the seabed;

site” has the meaning given by Article 1(j) of the Habitats Directive;

site of Community importance” has the meaning given by Article 1(k) of the Habitats Directive;

special area of conservation” has the meaning given by Article 1(l) of the Habitats Directive;

“specimen”—

(a)

for the purposes of Part 7 (enforcement), means any animal or plant, or any part of, or anything derived from, an animal or plant, and

(b)

for all other purposes has the meaning given by Article 1(m) of the Habitats Directive;

statutory undertaker” means a person who is, or is deemed to be, a statutory undertaker for the purposes of any provision of Part 11 of the TCPA 1990 (statutory undertakers);

the TCPA 1990” means the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 F33;

the WCA 1981” means the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 F34; F35...

Welsh inshore region” means the area of sea within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to [F36Wales;]

[F37“wild bird” means a bird which is—

(a)

a member of a species referred to in Article 1 of the new Wild Birds Directive, and

(b)

wild.]

(2) The area of sea referred to in sub-paragraph (a) of the definition of “sea” in paragraph (1) includes waters in any area—

(a)which is closed, whether permanently or intermittently, by a lock or other artificial means against the regular action of the tide, but

(b)into and from which seawater is caused or permitted to flow, whether continuously or from time to time.

(3) Terms not defined in paragraph (1) which are used in these Regulations and also in the Habitats Directive have the meaning they bear in that Directive.

(4) In these Regulations, any reference to an Annex to the Habitats Directive is a reference to that Annex to that Directive as amended from time to time.

(5) Subject to regulation 83(1)(which relates to the construction of provisions of Chapter 2 of Part 6 as one with the TCPA 1990), these Regulations apply to the Isles of Scilly as if the Isles were a county and the Council of the Isles were a county council.

(6) Except as provided by paragraph (7), for the purposes of these Regulations—

(a)any reference to England includes the English inshore region;

(b)any reference to Wales includes the Welsh inshore region;

(c)any reference to Scotland includes the Scottish inshore region; F38...

(d)any reference to Great Britain includes the English inshore region, the Welsh inshore region and the [F39Scottish inshore region;]

[F40(e)any reference to Northern Ireland includes the Northern Ireland inshore region; and]

[F40(f)any reference to the United Kingdom includes its internal waters and the English inshore region, the Welsh inshore region, the Scottish inshore region and the Northern Ireland inshore region.]

(7) Paragraph (6) does not apply for the purposes of—

(a)in paragraph (1), the definitions of “English inshore region”, [F41“Welsh inshore region”, “Scottish inshore region” and “Northern Ireland inshore region”];F42...

[F43(b)paragraph (8); or

(c)regulation 4(2)(a)(ii).]

(8) For the purposes of these Regulations—

[F44(a)the territorial sea adjacent to England is so much of the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom as is not the territorial sea adjacent to Wales, the territorial sea adjacent to Scotland or the territorial sea adjacent to Northern Ireland;]

(b)[F45“the territorial sea adjacent to Wales”] is to be construed in accordance with article 6 of and Schedule 3 to the National Assembly for Wales (Transfer of Functions) Order 1999 F46 (the sea adjacent to Wales); F47...

(c)[F48“the territorial sea adjacent to Scotland”] is to be construed in accordance with article 3 of and Schedule 1 to the Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundaries [F49Order 1999F50; and]

[F51(d)“the territorial sea adjacent to Northern Ireland” is to be construed in accordance with article 2 of the Adjacent Waters Boundaries (Northern Ireland) Order 2002.]

(9) Nothing in these Regulations is to be construed as excluding the application of the provisions of Part 1 of the WCA 1981 (wildlife) in relation to animals or plants also protected under Part 3, 4 or 5 of these Regulations.

Annotations:

F30OJ No L 20, 26.1.2010, p. 7.

F32OJ No L 103, 25.4.1979, p. 1; the old Wild Birds Directive was repealed by the new Wild Birds Directive.

F46S.I. 1999/672. These provisions continue to have effect as if made under section 158(3) of the Government of Wales Act 2006 (c. 32), by virtue of paragraph 26(3) of Schedule 11 to that Act.

Plans or projects relating to offshore marine area or offshore marine installations

F524.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nature conservation bodies

F525.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Relevant authorities in relation to marine areas and European marine sites

F526.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Competent authorities

F527.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

European sites and European marine sites

F528.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Duties relating to compliance with the Directives

F529.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Duties in relation to wild bird habitat

F529A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Review by appropriate nature conservation body

F529B.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 2 CONSERVATION OF NATURAL HABITATS AND HABITATS OF SPECIES

European sites

Selection of sites eligible for identification as of Community importance

F5210.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Designation of special areas of conservation

F5211.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Consultation as to inclusion of site omitted from the list

F5212.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Classification of sites as special protection areas

F5212A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Notification of a proposal to classify a special protection area

F5212B.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Register of European sites

Register of European sites

F5213.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Notification of changes to the register

F5214.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Notice to landowners and other bodies

F5215.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Management agreements

Management agreements

F5216.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Existing agreements

F5217.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Certain payments under management agreements

F5218.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Control of potentially damaging operations

Notification of potentially damaging operations

F5219.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restriction on carrying out operations specified in notification

F5220.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Assessment of implications for European sites

F5221.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Notification of appropriate authority in case of risk

F5322.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Sites of special scientific interest which become European sites: duty to review

F5423.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Farm capital grants

F5424.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Special nature conservation orders

Power to make special nature conservation order

F5425.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restriction on carrying out operations specified in order

F5426.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Assessment of implications for European sites after service of stop notice

F5427.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Compensation for effect of stop notice

F5428.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restoration orders

F5429.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Byelaws

Power to make byelaws

F5430.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Byelaws: supplementary provisions

F5431.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Compensation for effect of byelaws

F5432.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Continuation in force of existing byelaws

F5433.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers of compulsory acquisition

Powers of compulsory acquisition

F5434.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

European marine sites

Marking of site and advice by nature conservation bodies

F5435.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Management scheme for European marine site

F5436.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Direction to establish or amend management scheme

F5437.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

European marine sites: byelaws and orders

F5438.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Nature conservation policy in planning contexts

Nature conservation policy in planning contexts

F5439.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 3PROTECTION OF SPECIES

Protection of animals

European protected species of animals

F5440.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of certain wild animals: offences

F5441.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of certain wild animals: defences

F5442.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Prohibition of certain methods of capturing or killing wild animals

F5443.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of plants

European protected species of plants

F5444.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of certain wild plants: offences

F5445.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of certain wild plants: defences

F5446.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation of Part 3

Interpretation of Part 3

F5447.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 4ADDITIONAL PROTECTION OF HABITATS AND WILD ANIMALS AND PLANTS

Surveillance and monitoring

Surveillance of conservation status of habitats and species

F5448.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection of certain animals and plants from exploitation

F5449.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Monitoring of incidental capture and killing

F5450.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protection from incidental capture and killing

F5451.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Introduction of new species

Introduction of new species from ships

F5452.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 5LICENCES

Grant of licences

Licences for certain activities relating to animals or plants

F5453.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Licences for the introduction of new species

F5454.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Licences: general provisions

F5455.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Relevant licensing body

Relevant licensing body

F5456.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Offences

False statements made for obtaining licence

F5457.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Offence of breaching licence condition

F5458.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 6ASSESSMENT OF PLANS AND PROJECTS

CHAPTER 1GENERAL PROVISIONS

Introductory provisions

Interpretation of Part 6

F5459.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Application of provisions of Chapter 1

F5460.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General provisions for protection of European sites and European offshore marine sites

Assessment of implications for European sites and European offshore marine sites

F5461.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Considerations of overriding public interest

F5462.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Review of existing decisions and consents

F5463.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Consideration on review

F5464.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Co-ordination where more than one competent authority involved

F5465.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Compensatory measures

F5466.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Modifications of regulations 61 to 66 in certain cases

F5467.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 2PLANNING

Planning permission

Grant of planning permission

F5468.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Planning permission: duty to review

F5469.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Planning permission: consideration on review

F5470.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Planning permission: effect of orders made on review

F5471.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Planning permission: supplementary provisions as to compensation

F5472.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General development orders

General development orders

[F5573.(1) It is a condition of any planning permission granted by a general development order, whether made before or after 1st April 2010, that development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site or a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects), and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site,

must not be begun until the developer has received written notification of the approval of the local planning authority under regulation 75 (approval of local planning authority).

(2) It is a condition of any planning permission granted by a general development order made before 1st April 2010 that development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects),

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site, and

(c)was begun but not completed before that date,

must not be continued until the developer has received written notification of the approval of the local planning authority under regulation 75.

(3) Nothing in this regulation affects anything done pursuant to any such planning permission before 1st April 2010.]

General development orders: opinion of appropriate nature conservation body

F5674.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General development orders: approval of local planning authority

F5675.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

General development orders: supplementary

F5676.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Special development orders

Special development orders

[F5777.(1) A special development order may not grant planning permission for development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects); and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site.

(2)  A special development order made before 1st April 2010 is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development of a kind mentioned in paragraph (1), whether or not the development authorised by the permission has been begun.

(3) Nothing in this regulation affects anything done pursuant to a special development order before 1st April 2010.

(4) A special development order may not grant planning permission for development which is likely to have a significant effect on a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects). ]

Local development orders

Local development orders

[F5878.  A local development order may not grant planning permission for development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site or a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects); and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site.]

[F59Neighbourhood development orders

Annotations:
Neighbourhood development orders

[F6078A.  A neighbourhood development order may not grant planning permission for development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site or a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects); and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site.]]

Simplified planning zones and enterprise zones

Simplified planning zones

[F6179.(1) Where a simplified planning zone scheme is adopted or approved, that scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects); and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site.

(2) A simplified planning zone scheme in force before 1st April 2010 is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development of a kind mentioned in paragraph (1), whether or not the development authorised by the permission has been begun.

(3) Where a simplified planning zone scheme is adopted or approved, that scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development which is likely to have a significant effect on a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects).

(4) A simplified planning zone scheme adopted or approved on or after 21st August 2007 and before 1st April 2010 is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development of a kind mentioned in paragraph (3).]

Enterprise zones

[F6280.(1) Where an order designating an enterprise zone is made, or where a modified enterprise zone scheme is approved, that order or scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development which—

(a)is likely to have a significant effect on a European site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects); and

(b)is not directly connected with or necessary to the management of the site.

(2) Where such an order was made or such a scheme was approved before 1st April 2010, that order or scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development of a kind mentioned in paragraph (1), whether or not the development authorised by the permission has been begun.

(3) Where an order designating an enterprise zone is made, or where a modified enterprise zone scheme is approved, that order or scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development which is likely to have a significant effect on a European offshore marine site (either alone or in combination with other plans or projects).

(4) Where such an order was made or such a scheme was approved on or after 21st August 2007 and before 1st April 2010, that order or scheme is not to be taken to grant planning permission for development of a kind mentioned in paragraph (3).]

Development consent under Planning Act 2008

Grant of development consent

F6381.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Development consent: review

F6382.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation of Chapter 2

Interpretation of Chapter 2

F6383.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 3HIGHWAYS AND ROADS

Construction or improvement of highways or roads

F6384.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cycle tracks and other ancillary works

F6385.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 4ELECTRICITY

Consents under Electricity Act 1989: application of assessment and review provisions

F6386.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Consents under Electricity Act 1989: procedure on review

F6387.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Consents under Electricity Act 1989: effect of review

F6388.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Consents under Electricity Act 1989: compensation

F6389.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 5PIPE-LINES

Authorisations under Pipe-lines Act 1962: application of assessment and review provisions

F6390.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Authorisations under Pipe-lines Act 1962: procedure on review

F6391.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Authorisations under Pipe-lines Act 1962: effect of review

F6392.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Authorisations under Pipe-lines Act 1962: compensation

F6393.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 6TRANSPORT AND WORKS

Orders under Transport and Works Act 1992: application of assessment and review provisions

F6394.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Orders under Transport and Works Act 1992: procedure on review

F6395.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Orders under Transport and Works Act 1992: effect of review

F6396.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Orders under Transport and Works Act 1992: compensation

F6397.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 7ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS

Environmental permits

F6398.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Abstraction and works authorised under water legislation

F6399.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Marine works

F63100.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Derogations in relation to nitrate pollution prevention legislation

F63101.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 8LAND USE PLANS

Land use plans

Assessment of implications for European sites and European offshore marine sites

F63102.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Assessment of implications for European site: neighbourhood development plans

F63102A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Considerations of overriding public interest

F63103.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Co-ordination for land use plan prepared by more than one authority

F63104.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Compensatory measures

F63105.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Planning Act 2008

National policy statements

F63106.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation of Chapter 8

Interpretation of Chapter 8

F63107.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

CHAPTER 9Marine policy statement and marine plans

Marine policy statementE+W+S

F63107A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Marine planE+W

F63107B.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 7ENFORCEMENT

Wildlife inspectors

Wildlife inspectors

F63108.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers of entry

Powers of entry: constables

F63109.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers of entry: wildlife inspectors

F63110.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers of entry: other authorised persons

F63111.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers of search, etc.

Constables' powers of search, etc.

F63112.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers in relation to specimens and samples

Powers in relation to samples: constables

F63113.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Powers in relation to specimens and samples: wildlife inspectors

F63114.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Restrictions on taking samples from live specimens

F63115.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Offences

Attempts and possession of means of committing offence

F63116.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Obstruction of persons exercising powers of entry under regulation 111

F63117.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Obstruction in connection with constables' powers to take samples

F63118.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Offences in connection with wildlife inspectors' enforcement powers

F63119.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Codes of practice

Codes of practice

F63120.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Miscellaneous

Advice and assistance from nature conservation bodies

F63121.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Forfeiture

F63122.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Proceedings for offences: venue and time limits

F63123.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Offences by bodies corporate etc.

F63124.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Application of criminal offences to the Crown

F63125.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation of Part 7

Interpretation of Part 7

F63126.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PART 8FINAL PROVISIONS

Powers of drainage authorities

F63127.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Advisory role of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee

F63128.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Advisory role of Natural England, the Natural Resources Body for Wales and Scottish Natural Heritage

F63129.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Research

F63129A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Local inquiries

F63130.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Notices

F63131.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Amendments of legislation

132.  Schedule 6 (which makes amendments to legislation) has effect.

Revocations

F64133.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Transitional provisions

F64134.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Review

F64135.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Huw Irranca-Davies

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Jane Davidson

Minister for Environment, Sustainability and Housing

One of the Welsh Ministers

Regulation 25(3)

F65SCHEDULE 1SPECIAL NATURE CONSERVATION ORDERS: PROCEDURE

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regulation 40(1)

F66SCHEDULE 2EUROPEAN PROTECTED SPECIES OF ANIMALS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regulation 42(8)(a)

F67SCHEDULE 3EXCLUDED POPULATIONS OF CERTAIN SPECIES

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regulation 43(1)(a)

F68SCHEDULE 4ANIMALS WHICH MAY NOT BE CAPTURED OR KILLED IN CERTAIN WAYS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regulation 44(1)

F69SCHEDULE 5EUROPEAN PROTECTED SPECIES OF PLANTS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Regulation 132

SCHEDULE 6AMENDMENTS OF LEGISLATION

PART 1 PRIMARY LEGISLATION

Amendment of the Harbours Act 1964

1.  In the Harbours Act 1964 F70, in Part 1 of Schedule 3 (procedure for making harbour revision and empowerment orders), in paragraph 1 (interpretation), for paragraph (j) of the definition of “sensitive area”F71 substitute—

(j)a European site within the meaning of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (see regulation 8);.

Annotations:

F71The definition of “sensitive area” was amended by S.I. 1999/3445; the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (c. 37), paragraph 3 of Schedule 10, paragraph 4 of Schedule 15 and Part 3 of Schedule 16; the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 6), paragraph 1 of Schedule 7; the Transport and Works (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 8), section 25(1) and (5)(a)(ii) and (iii); and S.S.I. 2008/202.

Amendment of the Conservation of Seals Act 1970

2.  In the Conservation of Seals Act 1970 F72, in subsection (4A) F73 of section 10 (power to grant licences), for “regulation 41 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations 1994” substitute “ regulation 43 of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 ”.

Annotations:

F73Subsection (4A) was inserted, in relation to England and Wales, by S.I. 2007/1843 (subsection (4A) was inserted in relation to Scotland by S.S.I. 2007/80).

Amendment of the Highways Act 1980

3.  In the Highways Act 1980 F74, in section 105A F75 (environmental impact assessments), in subsection (6)(i) F76, for “regulation 10 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats etc) Regulations 1994” substitute “ the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (see regulation 8) ”.

Annotations:

F75Section 105A was inserted by S.I. 1988/1241 and substituted by S.I. 1999/369.

F76Subsection (6) was amended by the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 (c. 37), paragraph 5 of Schedule 10, paragraph 5 of Schedule 15 and Part 3 of Schedule 16.

Amendment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005

4.  In the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 F77, in Part 3 of Schedule 14 F78 (appointments by the Lord Chancellor: offices to which paragraph 2(2)(d) of Schedule 12 applies), in the column entitled “enactment”, for the entry “Regulation 32(3)(a) of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations 1994 (SI 1994/2716)” substitute “ Regulation 34(3) of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/490) ”.

Annotations:

F78There are amendments to Part 3 of Schedule 14 not relevant to these Regulations.

Amendment of the Marine Act

5.—(1) The Marine Act is amended as follows.

(2) In section 12 (certain consents under section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989), subsection (5)(c) is omitted.

(3) In subsection (9) of section 123 (creation of network of conservation sites), in paragraph (a) of the definition of “European marine site”—

(a)after “within the meaning of” insert “ — (i) ”; and

(b)after “, or” insert—

(ii)the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/490) (see regulation 8), or.

(4) In subsection (6)(d) of section 158 (byelaws: supplementary provision), for “the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/2716)” substitute “ the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/490) (see regulation 8) ”.

(5) In subsection (2) of section 237 (enforcement of nature conservation legislation)—

(a)omit paragraphs (c) and (d); and

(b)after paragraph (h) add—

(i)regulations 41, 43, 45, 52, 57, 58 and 116(1) and (2) of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/490);

(j)any byelaws or orders made by virtue of regulation 30 or 38 of those Regulations. .

(6) Paragraph 4 of Schedule 11 (amendment of the 1994 Regulations) is omitted.

PART 2 SUBORDINATE LEGISLATION

Amendment of the 1994 Regulations

6.  F79...

Amendment of the 2007 Regulations

7.—(1) The 2007 Regulations are amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (2) of regulation 2 F80 (interpretation)—

(a)after the definition of “the 1994 Regulations” insert—

(b)in paragraph (a) of the definition of “management scheme”, for “or regulation 29 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995” substitute “ , regulation 29 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995 or regulation 36 of the 2010 Regulations ”.

(3) In paragraph (12) of regulation 19 F82 (management schemes for European offshore marine sites), for “or the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995.” substitute “ , the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995 or the 2010 Regulations. ”.

(4) In regulation 25 F83 (protection of European offshore marine sites and European sites)—

(a)in paragraph (7), for “1994” substitute “ Conservation ” (in both places); and

(b)after paragraph (7) insert—

(7A) In paragraph (7) “the Conservation Regulations” means either the 1994 Regulations or the 2010 Regulations (as the case may be)..

(5) In regulation 27 F84 (review of existing decisions and consents), for paragraph (8) substitute—

(8) Regulations 87 and 88 of the 2010 Regulations (consents under Electricity Act 1989 F85: procedure on review and effect of review) apply in relation to any decision under paragraph (4) revoking or modifying a consent granted under section 36 F86 or 37 F87 of the Electricity Act 1989 as they apply in relation to a decision pursuant to regulation 86 of the 2010 Regulations revoking or varying any such consent, but with the modifications specified in paragraphs (9) and (10).

(9) In regulation 87—

(a)in paragraph (1)—

(i)for “86(3), (5) or (6)” substitute “ 86(3) or (5) ”,

(ii)omit “or a direction deeming planning permission to be granted”,

(iii)in sub-paragraph (a), omit “or, as the case may be, in whose favour the direction was made”, and

(iv)in sub-paragraph (b), omit “in the case of a consent under section 36 of the Electricity Act 1989,”;

(b)omit paragraph (2)(a); and

(c)in paragraph (4)—

(i)omit “, or the relevant planning authority,”, and

(ii)in sub-paragraph (a), omit “or the relevant planning authority (as the case may be)”.

(10) In regulation 88—

(a)in paragraph (1)—

(i)for “86(3), (5) or (6)” substitute “ 86(3) or (5) ”, and

(ii)omit “or a direction deeming planning permission to be granted”; and

(b)in paragraphs (2) and (3), omit “or direction” (in all places)..

Annotations:

F80There are amendments to regulation 2 not relevant to these Regulations.

F82There are amendments to regulation 19 not relevant to these Regulations.

F83There are amendments to regulation 25 not relevant to these Regulations.

F84There are amendments to regulation 27 not relevant to these Regulations.

F86Section 36 was amended by the Energy Act 2004 (c. 20), section 93(1) and (3); the Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), paragraphs 31 and 32 of Schedule 2; the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), section 12(7)(a) and (8); and, in relation to Scotland, by S.I. 2006/1054, paragraph 1(1) and (2) of Schedule 1.

F87Section 37 was amended by the Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), paragraphs 31 and 33 of Schedule 2.

Regulation 133(4)

F88SCHEDULE 7REVOCATIONS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

F89F90These Regulations consolidate the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994 (“the 1994 Regulations”). They also implement aspects of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (“the Marine Act”).

These Regulations extend to England and Wales (including the adjacent territorial sea). They also extend to Scotland (including the adjacent territorial sea) to a limited degree. They revoke the 1994 Regulations except (generally) as they extend to Scotland. In addition, in respect of reserved matters, these Regulations replace the 1994 Regulations as they extend to Scotland.

F91These Regulations transpose Council Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (“the Habitats Directive”).

Part 1 – Introductory and general provisions

Regulation 9 provides that public bodies must exercise their nature conservation functions so as to comply with the Habitats Directive.

Part 2 – Conservation of natural habitats and habitats of species

Regulations 10 to 15 make provision for the selection, designation, registration and notification of sites to be protected under the Habitats Directive (“European sites”). Regulations 16 to 18 make provision for management agreements for European sites. Regulations 19 to 34 make provision in respect of European sites for (i) control of damaging operations, (ii) special nature conservation orders and restoration orders, (iii) byelaws and (iv) compulsory purchase. Regulations 35 to 38 make provision for the protection of European marine sites.

Part 3 – Protection of species

Part 3 provides for the protection of certain wild animals and plants. In particular, regulation 41 makes it an offence, subject to exceptions, deliberately to capture, kill or disturb those animals or to trade in them. Regulation 45 makes it an offence, subject to exceptions, to pick, collect, cut or destroy those plants or to trade in them. (These offences correspond to offences in the 1994 Regulations).

Part 4 – Additional protection of habitats and wild animals and plants

Regulation 48 imposes a duty on the Secretary of State and Welsh Ministers to make arrangements for the surveillance of the conservation status of natural habitats and species protected under the Habitats Directive. Regulation 50 requires them to make arrangements to establish a system to monitor the incidental capture and killing of animals listed in Annex IV(a) to the Habitats Directive.

Regulation 52 makes it an offence deliberately to introduce from a ship into the sea new species that are not native to Great Britain. (This corresponds to an offence in the 1994 Regulations).

Part 5 – Licences

Part 5 provides for the licensing of certain activities relating to animals and plants. The offences under Part 3 do not apply to anything done in accordance with a licence. Regulation 56(2)(a)(i) transfers certain licensing functions from Natural England to the Marine Management Organisation in respect of the territorial sea seaward of mean low water mark.

Part 6 – Assessment of plans and projects

Regulations 60 to 67 require the effect on a European site to be considered before the granting of consents or authorisations of a kind specified in regulations 68 to 101, including the grant of planning permission, consents under the Electricity Act 1989, authorisations under the Pipe-lines Act 1962, orders under the Transport and Works Act 1992, environmental permits, abstraction licences and marine works. Regulation 61 provides that a competent authority may not authorise a plan or project that may adversely affect the integrity of a European site, subject to the exceptions set out in regulation 62 (considerations of overriding public interest).

Chapter 8 of Part 6 sets out similar requirements in relation to land-use plans and national policy statements.

Part 7 – Enforcement

Part 7 sets out the enforcement powers of wildlife inspectors and constables. It also sets out certain further offences, including the offence of intentionally obstructing a wildlife inspector (regulation 119). (Again, these offences correspond to offences in the 1994 Regulations).

Part 8 – Final provisions

Regulation 132 and paragraph 5 of Schedule 6 amend the Marine Act. Paragraph 5(5) extends the powers conferred by that Act on marine enforcement officers in respect of the 1994 Regulations to offences under regulations 57, 58 and 116 of these Regulations.

An impact assessment prepared during the passage of the Marine Act can be found on the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs' website at www.defra.gov.uk. An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no impact on business or the private or voluntary sector is foreseen.