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The Education (Student Loans) (Repayment) Regulations 2009

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Returns by employers

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59.—(1) Not later than 44 days after the end of the tax year the employer must deliver to HMRC in such form as HMRC may approve or prescribe, a return showing in respect of each employee, in respect of whom the employer was required at any time during the tax year to prepare or maintain a deductions working sheet in accordance with regulation 52—

(a)such particulars as HMRC may require for the identification of the employee;

(b)the tax year to which the return relates; and

(c)the total amount of repayments deducted for the tax year from the earnings paid to the employee.

(2) The return required by paragraph (1) must include—

(a)a statement and declaration in the form approved or prescribed by HMRC containing a list of all deductions working sheets on which the employer was obliged to keep records in accordance with these Regulations in respect of the tax year; and

(b)a certificate showing the total amount of repayments deducted for the tax year in respect of each employee.

(3) Where the employer is a body corporate, the declaration and the certificate referred to in paragraph (2) must be signed by the secretary or a director of that body corporate.

(4) If within 17 days of the end of any tax year an employer has failed to pay to HMRC the total amount of repayments which the employer is liable to pay under regulation 54, HMRC may prepare a certificate showing the amount of repayments remaining unpaid for the tax year in question.

(5) Where an employer fails to make a return in accordance with paragraph (1), the employer is liable—

(a)to a penalty or penalties of the relevant monthly amount for each month (or part of a month) during which the failure continues, but excluding any month after the twelfth or for which a penalty under this paragraph has already been imposed, and

(b)if the failure continues beyond 12 months, without prejudice to any penalty under sub- paragraph (a), to a penalty not exceeding so much of the amount payable by the employer in accordance with the Regulations for the tax year to which the return relates as remained unpaid at the end of the 22 April after the end of that tax year.

(6) For the purposes of paragraph (5), the relevant monthly amount in the case of a failure to make a return is—

(a)£100, where the number of persons in respect of whom particulars should be included in the return is fifty or less;

(b)£100 for each fifty such persons, where that number is greater than fifty; and

(c)an additional £100 where the number of persons referred to in sub-paragraph (b) is not a multiple of fifty.

(7) Where a return under this regulation must be made—

(a)at the same time as–

(i)any specified return which must be made in accordance with Regulations made by HMRC under section 684 of the 2003 Act or section 566(1) of the 1988 Act (sub-contractors) to which section 98A of the 1970 Act (penalties) applies; or

(ii)any specified return which must be made in accordance with Regulations made by HMRC under paragraph 6 of Schedule 1 to the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 in respect of which section 98A of the 1970 Act has been applied by such Regulations; or

(b)if the circumstances are such that a return mentioned in paragraph (a) does not fall to be made, at a time defined by reference to the time for making that return, had it fallen to be made,

and a person has been required to pay a penalty under section 98A(2)(a) of the 1970 Act in respect of the tax return or the National Insurance contributions return or both, that person must not also be required to pay a penalty in respect of any failure to submit the return under this regulation.

(8) For tax years—

(a)ending on or before 5 April 2009, where an employer fraudulently or negligently makes an incorrect return under paragraph (1), the employer will be liable to a penalty not exceeding £3000 for each employee in respect of whom incorrect particulars are included in the return;

(b)commencing on or after 6 April 2009, where the date on which the return is due to be filed is on or after 6 April 2010, where an employer carelessly or deliberately makes an incorrect return under paragraph (1) penalties as set out in Schedule 24 to the Finance Act 2007 (penalties for errors) will apply as they apply in connection with PAYE.

(9) A certificate under paragraph (4) that the net amount in respect of student loan repayments remaining unpaid for that year has not been paid to it by the employer is sufficient evidence that the sum shown on the certificate is unpaid and is due to the Crown.

(10) Any document purporting to be a certificate under paragraph (4) is deemed to be such a certificate until the contrary is proved.

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