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The Private Water Supplies Regulations 2009

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PART 1Check monitoring

Sampling

1.  (1)  A local authority must undertake check monitoring in accordance with this Part.

(2) Check monitoring means sampling for each parameter listed in Table 1 in the circumstances listed in that table in order—

(a)to determine whether or not water complies with the concentrations or values in Schedule 1;

(b)to provide information on the organoleptic and microbiological quality of the water; and

(c)to establish the effectiveness of the treatment of the water, including disinfection.

Table 1

Check monitoring

ParameterCircumstances
AluminiumWhen used as flocculant or where the water originates from, or is influenced by, surface waters
AmmoniumIn all supplies
Clostridium perfringens (including spores)Where the water originates from, or is influenced by, surface waters
Coliform bacteriaIn all supplies
Colony countsIn all supplies
ColourIn all supplies
ConductivityIn all supplies
Escherichia coli (E. coli)In all supplies
Hydrogen ion concentrationIn all supplies
IronWhen used as flocculant or where the water originates from, or is influenced by, surface waters
ManganeseWhere the water originates from, or is influenced by, surface waters
NitrateWhen chloramination is practised
NitriteWhen chloramination is practised
OdourIn all supplies
Pseudomonas aeruginosaOnly in the case of water in bottles or containers
TasteIn all supplies
TurbidityIn all supplies

Frequency of sampling

2.  (1)  Sampling must be carried out at frequencies specified in Table 2.

Table 2
Sampling frequency for check monitoring
Volume m3/daySampling frequency per year
≤ 101
> 10 ≤ 1002
> 100 ≤ 1,0004
> 1,000 ≤ 2,00010
> 2,000 ≤ 3,00013
> 3,000 ≤ 4,00016
> 4,000 ≤ 5,00019
> 5,000 ≤ 6,00022
> 6,000 ≤ 7,00025
> 7,000 ≤ 8,00028
> 8,000 ≤ 9,00031
> 9,000 ≤ 10,00034

> 10,000

4 + 3 for each 1,000 m3/day of the total volume (rounding up to the nearest multiple of 1,000 m3/day)

(2) The local authority may reduce the frequency of sampling for a parameter to a frequency not less than half if—

(a)the local authority is of the opinion that the quality of water in the supply is unlikely to deteriorate;

(b)in the case of hydrogen ion the parameter has had a pH value that is not less than 6.5 and not more than 9.5; and

(c)in all other cases, in each of two successive years the results of samples taken for the purposes of monitoring the parameter in question are constant and significantly lower than the concentrations or values laid down in Schedule 1.

(3) The local authority may set a higher frequency for any parameter if it considers it appropriate taking into account the findings of any risk assessment, and in addition may monitor anything else identified in the risk assessment.

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