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14th May 2009
Laid before Parliament
21st May 2009
Coming into force
1st July 2009
The Secretary of State makes the following Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 16(1)(a), (e) and (f), 17(2), 26(1)(a) and (3), and 48(1) of the Food Safety Act 1990(1), and now vested in him(2), as read with paragraph 1A of Schedule 2 to the European Communities Act 1972(3).
These Regulations make provision for a purpose mentioned in section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 and it appears to the Secretary of State that it is expedient for references to the Annex to the Community instrument as specified in regulation 2(4) to be construed as references to that Annex as it may be amended from time to time.
In accordance with section 48(4A) of the Food Safety Act 1990, he has had regard to relevant advice given by the Food Standards Agency.
As required by Article 9 of Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety(4), there has been open and transparent public consultation during the preparation and evaluation of these Regulations.
1. These Regulations may be cited as the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2009, apply in relation to England only and come into force on 1st July 2009.
2. (1) In these Regulations —
“the Act” means the Food Safety Act 1990;
“authorised officer” means any person who is authorised in writing, either generally or specifically, by a food authority or as the case may be a port health authority to act in matters arising under these Regulations;
“Commission Regulation 124/2009” means Commission Regulation (EC) No. 124/2009 setting maximum levels for the presence of coccidiostats or histomonostats in food resulting from the unavoidable carry-over of these substances in non-target feed(7);
“food authority” does not include the appropriate Treasurer referred to in section 5(1)(c) of the Act (which deals with the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple) nor a port health authority;
“port health authority” means —
in relation to the London port health district (within the meaning given to that phrase for the purposes of the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984(8) by section 7(1) of that Act), the Common Council of the City of London; and
in relation to any port health district constituted by order under section 2(3) of the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984, a port health authority for that district constituted by order under section 2(4) of that Act.
(2) Any other expression used in these Regulations and in the Commission Regulation or in Commission Regulation 124/2009 has the same meaning in these Regulations as it bears in those Regulations.
(3) Unless indicated otherwise, any reference to a numbered Article is a reference to the Article so numbered in the Commission Regulation.
(4) Any reference to the Annex is a reference to the Annex to the Commission Regulation as that Annex may be amended from time to time, and any reference to the Commission Regulation is to be construed accordingly.
3. (1) Subject to the transitional arrangements contained in Article 11 and in Article 2 of Commission Regulation 629/2008, a person who contravenes or fails to comply with any of the Community provisions specified in paragraph (2) is guilty of an offence.
(2) The provisions mentioned in paragraph (1) are —
(a)Article 1(1), (prohibition on the placing on the market of foodstuffs containing contaminants in excess of prescribed limits contained in the Annex), as read with the Annex and, in the case of groundnuts, nuts, dried fruit and maize, with Article 4;
(b)Article 3 (prohibitions on use, mixing and detoxification);
(c)Article 1(1) of Commission Regulation 124/2009 (prohibitions on marketing or mixing foods containing coccidiostats or histomonstats at levels in excess of prescribed limits).
(3) Anyone convicted of an offence under paragraph (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.
4. (1) It shall be the duty of each food authority within its area and each port health authority within its district to execute and enforce these Regulations, the Commission Regulation and Commission Regulation 124/2009.
(2) The competent authority for the purposes of —
(a)Article 2(2) (justification by food business operators of concentration or dilution factors), and
(b)Article 1(1) of Commission Regulation 124/2009 (relating to the duty to investigate the reasons for the contamination)
is the authority having the duty to enforce under paragraph (1).
5. (1) The following provisions of the Act shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations with the modification that any reference in those provisions to the Act or Part thereof shall be construed as a reference to these Regulations —
(a)section 3 (presumptions that food intended for human consumption);
(b)section 20 (offences due to fault of another person);
(c)section 21 (defence of due diligence), as it applies for the purpose of section 14 or 15;
(d)section 30(8) (which relates to documentary evidence);
(e)section 33(1) (obstruction etc. of officers);
(f)section 33(2), with the modification that the reference to “any such requirement as is mentioned in subsection (1)(b) above” shall be deemed to be a reference to any such requirement as is mentioned in section 33(1)(b) as applied by sub–paragraph (e);
(g)section 35(1) (punishment of offences), in so far as it relates to offences under section 33(1) as applied by sub–paragraph (e);
(h)section 35(2) and (3), in so far as it relates to offences under section 33(2) as applied by sub–paragraph (f);
(i)section 36 (offences by bodies corporate);
(j)section 36A (offences by Scottish partnerships); and
(k)section 44 (protection of officers acting in good faith).
(2) Subject to paragraph (3), section 9 of the Act (inspection and seizure of suspected food) shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations as if it read as follows —
“9. (1) An authorised officer of a food authority may at all reasonable times inspect any food intended for human consumption which has been placed on the market and subsections (2) to (7) below shall apply where, on such an inspection, it appears to the authorised officer that the placing on the market of any food fails to comply with the requirements specified in regulation 3(2)(a) and (c) of the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2009, (“the Community requirements”).
(2) The authorised officer may either —
(a)give notice to the person in charge of the food that, until the notice is withdrawn, the food or any specified portion of it —
(i)is not to be used for human consumption, and
(ii)either is not to be removed or is to be removed to a place at which there are facilities to carry out sampling in the manner required by law; or
(b)seize the food and remove it in order to have it dealt with by a justice of the peace.
(3) Where the authorised officer exercises the power conferred by subsection (2)(a) above, that officer shall, as soon as is reasonably practicable and in any event within 21 days, determine whether or not the food complies with the Community requirements and —
(a)if satisfied that it does comply, shall forthwith withdraw the notice;
(b)if not so satisfied, shall seize the food and remove it in order to have it dealt with by a justice of the peace.
(4) Where an authorised officer exercises the powers conferred by subsection (2)(b) or (3)(b) above, the officer shall inform the person in charge of the food of the intention to have it dealt with by a justice of the peace and —
(a)any person who in connection with regulation 3(2)(a) or (c) of the above Regulations might be liable to a prosecution in respect of the food shall, if that person attends before the justice of the peace by whom the food falls to be dealt with, be entitled to be heard and to call witnesses; and
(b)that justice of the peace may, but need not, be a member of the court before which any person is proceeded against for an offence in connection with regulation 3(2)(a) or (c) of the above Regulations in relation to that food.
(5) If it appears to a justice of the peace, on the basis of such evidence as the justice considers appropriate in the circumstances, that any food falling to be dealt with under this section fails to comply with the Community requirements the justice shall condemn the food and order —
(a)the food to be destroyed or to be so disposed of as to prevent it from being used for human consumption; and
(b)any expenses reasonably incurred in connection with the destruction or disposal to be defrayed by the owner of the food.
(6) If a notice under subsection (2)(a) above is withdrawn, or the justice of the peace by whom any food falls to be dealt with under this section refuses to condemn it, the food authority shall compensate the owner of the food for any depreciation in its value resulting from the action taken by the authorised officer.
(7) Any disputed question as to the right to or the amount of any compensation payable under subsection (6) above shall be determined by arbitration.
(8) Any person who knowingly contravenes the requirements of a notice under subsection (2)(a) above shall be guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.”.
(3) The expressions “authorised officer” and “food authority” which are used in section 9 of the Act so far as it applies for the purposes of these Regulations by virtue of paragraph (2), shall, for those purposes, bear the meanings that those expressions respectively bear in these Regulations.
6. In Schedule 1 (provisions to which those Regulations do not apply) to the Food Safety (Sampling and Qualifications) Regulations 1990(9) in so far as they apply in relation to England, for the entry relating to the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2007(10) there is substituted the following entry —
|“The Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2009 (to the extent that a sample falls to be prepared and analysed in accordance with the Commission Regulation as that expression is defined in those Regulations)||S.I. 2009/1223 .”|
7. The following instruments are revoked —
(a)the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2007;
(b)the Contaminants in Food (England) (Amendment) (No.2) Regulations 2007(11).
Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Health.
Minister of State,
Department of Health
14th May 2009
(This note is not part of the Regulations)
1. These Regulations, which apply in relation to England only, revoke and re-enact with changes the Contaminants in Food (England) Regulations 2007 (S.I. 2007/210 as amended) (“the 2007 Regulations”). They make provision for the execution and enforcement of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 setting maximum levels for contaminants in foodstuffs (OJ No. L364, 20.12.2006, p.5) (“the Commission Regulation”).
3. These Regulations also provide for the execution and enforcement of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 124/2009 (OJ No. L40, 11.2.2009, p.7) (“Regulation 124/2009”), which concerns maximum permitted levels for certain feed additives that may in specified circumstances occur in food.
4. The Regulations —
(a)provide that it is an offence, (except in certain cases relating to food placed on the market before a date given in specified Community legislation) —
(i)to place on the market certain foods if they contain contaminants of any kind specified in the Commission Regulation or in Regulation 124/2009 at levels exceeding those specified,
(ii)to use food containing contaminants at levels in excess of those permitted by the Commission Regulation as ingredients in the production of certain foods,
(iii)to mix foods that do not comply with the maximum levels prescribed by the Commission Regulation or Regulation 124/2009 with foods which do comply,
(iv)to mix foods to which the Commission Regulation relates and which are intended for direct consumption or as food ingredients with foods to which the Commission Regulation relates and which are intended to be sorted or otherwise treated prior to consumption, or
(v)to detoxify by chemical treatment food containing mycotoxins in excess of the limits specified in the Commission Regulation (regulation 3);
(b)specify the enforcement authorities (regulation 4);
(c)provide for the application of specified provisions of the Food Safety Act 1990 for the purposes of these Regulations (regulation 5);
(d)make a consequential amendment to the Food Safety (Sampling and Qualifications) Regulations 1990 in so far as they apply in relation to England (regulation 6), the effect being to disapply the sampling and analysis provisions of those Regulations only to the extent that those matters are regulated by the Community instruments mentioned in paragraph 5(a) to (f) below.
5. The Commission Regulation specifies the Community methods of sampling and analysis that are required to be used for the official control of levels of the substances covered by it. Those methods are set out in —
(a)Commission Directive 2001/22/EC laying down the sampling methods and the methods of analysis for the official control of the levels of lead, cadmium, mercury and 3-MCPD in foodstuffs (OJ No. L77, 16.3.2001, p.14), as corrected by Commission Decision 2001/873/EC (OJ No. L325, 8.12.2001, p.34), and as amended by Commission Directive 2005/4/EC (OJ No. L19, 21.1.2005, p.50);
(b)Commission Directive 2004/16/EC laying down the sampling methods and the methods of analysis for the official control of the levels of tin in canned foods (OJ No. L42, 13.2.2004, p.16);
(c)Commission Directive 2005/10/EC laying down the sampling methods and the methods of analysis for the official control of the levels of benzo(a)pyrene in foodstuffs (OJ No. L34, 8.2.2005, p.15);
(f)Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1883/2006 laying down methods of sampling and analysis for the official control of levels of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in certain foodstuffs (OJ No. L364, 20.12.2006, p.32).
6. A full impact assessment of the effect that this instrument will have on the costs of business and the voluntary sector is available from the Food Safety Group of the Food Standards Agency, Aviation House, 125 Kingsway, London WC2B 6NH and is annexed to the Explanatory Memorandum which is available alongside the instrument on the OPSI website.
1990 c. 16. Section 1(1) and (2) (definition of “food”) was substituted by S.I. 2004/2990. Sections 17 and 48 were amended by paragraphs 12 and 21 respectively of Schedule 5 to the Food Standards Act 1999 (1999 c.28), “the 1999 Act”. Section 48 was also amended by S.I. 2004/2990. Section 26(3) was amended by Schedule 6 to the 1999 Act. Section 53(2) was amended by paragraph 19 of Schedule 16 to the Deregulation and Contracting Out Act 1994 (1994 c.40), Schedule 6 to the 1999 Act and S.I. 2004/2990.
Functions formerly exercisable by “the Ministers” (being, in relation to England and Wales and acting jointly, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretaries of State respectively concerned with health in England and food and health in Wales and, in relation to Scotland, the Secretary of State) are now exercisable in relation to England by the Secretary of State pursuant to paragraph 8 of Schedule 5 to the 1999 Act. Those functions, so far as exercisable in relation to Wales, were transferred to the National Assembly for Wales by S.I. 1999/672 as read with section 40(3) of the 1999 Act and thereafter transferred to the Welsh Ministers by paragraph 30 of Schedule 11 to the Government of Wales Act 2006 (2006 c.32).. Those functions, so far as exercisable in relation to Scotland, were transferred to the Scottish Ministers by section 53 of the Scotland Act 1998 (1998 c. 46) as read with section 40(2) of the 1999 Act.
OJ No. L31, 1.2.2002, p.1. That Regulation was last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 202/2008 amending Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the number and names of the permanent Scientific Panels of the European Food Safety Authority (OJ No. L60, 5.3.2008, p.17).
OJ No. L364, 20.12.2006, p.5. This Regulation has been amended by Commission Regulations (EC) No’s 1126/2007 (OJ No. L255, 29.9.2007, p.14), 565/2008 (OJ No. L160, 19.6.2008, p.20) and 629/2008 (OJ No. L173, 3.7.2008, p.6).
OJ No. L173, 3.7.2008, p.6.
OJ No. L40, 11.2.2009, p.7.
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