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15. (1) The court administration officer must exercise his functions subject to any direction given by a judge advocate.
(2) The court administration officer may delegate any of his functions to a member of the Military Court Service.
16. (1) Subject to the provisions of this rule, proceedings shall commence at such time and place as may be appointed by the court administration officer.
(2) Where an offender has been convicted in trial proceedings, the sentencing proceedings in respect of him shall commence immediately after the conclusion of the trial proceedings, unless the judge advocate for those proceedings appoints some later time.
(3) After the commencement of any proceedings, the court shall sit at such times and for such periods each day as it may direct.
17. The court administration officer must serve notice of any time and place appointed by him for the commencement or resumption of any proceedings on—
(a)each person to whom the proceedings relate;
(b)the legal representative (if any) of each such person;
(c)the commanding officer of each such person;
(e)where the proceedings are for the hearing of an application, the applicant; and
(f)any such other person as the Judge Advocate General may direct.
18. (1) Any person may (and, if in service custody, must) attend any proceedings by live link, if a judge advocate so directs.
(2) A person who attends any proceedings by live link, and could give oral evidence in the proceedings if he were in the place where the proceedings are being held, may give evidence by live link.
(3) In these Rules—
(a)“live link” means an arrangement by which a person, when not in the place where proceedings are being held, is able to see and hear, and to be seen and heard by, the court during proceedings (and for this purpose any impairment of eyesight or hearing is to be disregarded); and
(b)references to bringing a person before the court include bringing him to a place from which he can attend proceedings by live link.
(4) A direction under this rule may be given by—
(a)the judge advocate for the proceedings; or
(b)the judge advocate for any preliminary proceedings as respects which the proceedings are related proceedings.
(5) Rule 36(3) (effect of a direction given in preliminary proceedings) applies to a direction under this rule given in preliminary proceedings.
(6) Where a direction is given under this rule in relation to a witness, the witness may not give evidence otherwise than by live link without the leave of the judge advocate.
(7) A judge advocate may give a direction under this rule, or give permission for the purposes of paragraph (6)—
(a)on an application by a party to the proceedings; or
(b)of his own motion.
19. (1) Proceedings may be held in the absence of any person to whom they relate, if the court so directs.
(2) This rule does not permit a defendant to be arraigned in his absence.
20. (1) This rule applies where under these Rules an oath is required to be administered to a person.
(3) Where section 1 or 6 of that Act applies by virtue of this rule, the reference in that section to the words of the oath prescribed by law is to be read as a reference to the words prescribed by Schedule 1 for a person of the class to which the person belongs.
21. (1) The court administration officer may appoint a person to act as interpreter for the purposes of any proceedings.
(2) Before an interpreter begins to act, an oath must be administered to him.
(3) Before an interpreter is sworn, his name must be read out and any party to the proceedings may object to him on any reasonable ground, and, if the judge advocate upholds any such objection, the interpreter shall not be sworn.
22. (1) A record must be made of any proceedings.
(2) The record of proceedings must include—
(a)a record of the court’s decision under section 279(1) (trial by the Court Martial);
(b)a record of the defendant’s decision after being given the opportunity to elect Court Martial trial;
(c)a record of any plea offered, and whether any plea of guilty was accepted by the court;
(d)a record of any finding;
(e)a record of any sentence passed, order made or direction given by the court;
(f)a record of any order made, and any direction or ruling given, by the court;
(g)a sound recording of the proceedings, and any transcript of it (signed by the transcriber).
(3) The court administration officer shall send a copy of the record of any preliminary proceedings to—
(a)the Judge Advocate General;
(b)the Director; and
(4) Where a direction under rule 34 (preliminary proceedings in chambers) was given in relation to the proceedings, paragraph (3) shall have effect as if sub-paragraph (c) were omitted; and, where such a direction was given in relation to part of the proceedings, paragraph (3)(c) shall have effect in relation only to the record of the remainder.
(5) The record of proceedings shall be kept in the custody of the Judge Advocate General, together with any exhibits retained under rule 23 and any file of correspondence or other papers maintained by the court administration officer in connection with the proceedings, for at least six years from—
(a)in the case of trial proceedings in which a defendant is convicted, the conclusion of the sentencing proceedings in relation to him;
(b)in the case of preliminary proceedings where related trial proceedings take place but no defendant is convicted, the conclusion of the trial proceedings;
(c)in any other case, the conclusion of the proceedings.
(6) A copy of the record of proceedings, or any part of it, shall be supplied on request—
(a)to any party to the proceedings, without charge, and
(b)to any other person, on payment of such charge as may be fixed by the Judge Advocate General,
(7) Paragraph (6) does not require the supply of—
(a)a copy of the record of any proceedings held in camera, or in relation to which a direction under rule 34 (preliminary proceedings in chambers) was given;
(b)a copy of any part of a record of proceedings which relates to a part of the proceedings which was held in camera, or in relation to which such a direction was given.
(8) If, following a request for the supply of a copy of the record of proceedings or any part of it, the Secretary of State certifies that it is requisite for reasons of security that the record or part requested (or any part of it) should not be disclosed, paragraph (6) does not require the supply of the record or part requested (or the part of it to which the certificate relates).
23. (1) Any exhibit admitted in evidence must be marked sequentially with either a number or a letter.
(2) Each exhibit, or a label attached to it, must be signed by or on behalf of the court.
(3) Each exhibit must be retained with the record of proceedings, unless the court otherwise directs.
24. (1) The court may terminate any proceedings if it considers it in the interests of justice to do so.
(2) The Judge Advocate General shall terminate proceedings if the judge advocate dies or is otherwise unable to continue to attend the proceedings.
(3) The termination of trial proceedings under this rule shall not bar further trial proceedings in relation to the same charge or charges.
(4) The termination of sentencing proceedings under this rule or rule 46(4) (change of plea) shall not bar further sentencing proceedings in relation to the same offence or offences.
(5) The termination of activation proceedings under this rule shall not bar further activation proceedings held by virtue of the same conviction.
25. Subject to any other enactment (including any other provision of these Rules), the judge advocate shall ensure that proceedings are conducted—
(a)in such a way as appears to him most closely to resemble the way in which comparable proceedings in magistrates’ courts in England and Wales would be conducted in comparable circumstances; and
(b)if he is unable to determine how comparable proceedings in magistrates’ courts in England and Wales would be conducted in comparable circumstances, in such a way as appears to him to be in the interests of justice.
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