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Children And Young Persons, England
31st March 2008
Laid before Parliament
11 April 2008
Coming into force
1st September 2008
The Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families makes the following Order in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 33(2) and (3), 34(3) and (4), 52(2) and (3), 53(3) and (4) and 104(2)(a) of the Childcare Act 2006(1):
1. (1) This Order may be cited as the Childcare (Exemptions from Registration) Order 2008 and comes into force on 1st September 2008.
(2) In this Order—
“the Act” means the Childcare Act 2006;
“client” means a person at whose request (or persons at whose joint request) childcare is provided for a child;
“parent” includes any person who has parental responsibility for a child or has care of a child.
2. (1) Section 33(1) (requirement to register: early years childminders) of the Act does not apply in relation to early years childminding in the circumstances specified in articles 3, 6 or 8.
(2) Section 34(1) (requirement to register: other early years providers) of the Act does not apply in relation to early years provision in the circumstances specified in any of articles 4 to 9.
(3) Section 52(1) (requirement to register: later years childminders for children under eight) of the Act does not apply in relation to later years childminding in the circumstances specified in articles 3, 6 or 8.
(4) Section 53(1) (requirement to register: other later years providers for children under eight) of the Act does not apply in relation to later years provision in the circumstances specified in any of articles 4 to 8.
3. (1) The circumstances referred to in articles 2(1) and 2(3) are where a person makes the provision(2)—
(i)a child or children for particular parents, wholly or mainly in the home of the parents, or
(ii)a child or children for particular parents (“the first parents”) and, in addition, for a child or children for different parents (“the second parents”), wholly or mainly in the home of the first parents or the second parents or in both homes;
(b)for a particular child for two hours or less per day; or
(c)only between 6pm and 2am.
4. The circumstances referred to in articles 2(2) and 2(4) are where the provision is made in a hotel, guest house or other similar establishment for children staying in that establishment, and—
(a)it is made only between 6pm and 2am, and
(b)the person is making the provision for no more than two different clients at the same time.
5. (1) The circumstances referred to in articles 2(2) and 2(4) are where the provision is made—
(a)for a particular child—
(i)for two hours or less per day, or
(ii)for four hours or less per day and the provision is offered—
(aa)on a day to day basis with no longer term commitment to clients, and
(bb)for the convenience of clients who intend to remain on the premises where the provision is made or within their immediate locality; or
(b)on particular premises for 14 days or fewer in a year commencing with the relevant day, and the person making the provision has notified the Chief Inspector in writing at least 14 days before the relevant day.
(2) The “relevant day” means the first day on which the provision is made on the premises in question.
6. (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the circumstances referred to in articles 2(1) to 2(4) are where—
(a)the provision is made for a child who has attained the age of three,
(b)the person making the provision is providing to the child an activity of a type listed in paragraph (3), and
(c)the provision is incidental to the activity.
(2) The circumstances in this article are not met if—
(a)the child has not attained the age of five and attends the activity for longer than four hours per day, or
(b)the person making the provision offers more than two of the types of activity listed in paragraph (3).
(3) The types of activity are—
(i)school study support or homework support;
(iv)arts and crafts;
(v)religious, cultural or language study.
7. (1) The circumstances referred to in articles 2(2) and 2(4) are where the provision is open access childcare.
(2) “Open access childcare” means childcare, other than childminding, under the arrangements for which a child, other than a young child(3), may leave the premises unaccompanied.
8. (1) The circumstances referred to in articles 2(1) to 2(4) are where a person—
(a)is educating a child under a home education arrangement, and
(b)the provision made is incidental to the arrangement.
(2) A “home education arrangement” means an arrangement under which a child, who is of compulsory school age(4) and is receiving full-time education otherwise than at school, is partly or wholly educated by a person other than a parent of the child.
9. (1) The circumstances referred to in article 2(2) are where the provision is made—
(a)at a relevant school as part of the school’s activities,
(b)by the proprietor of the school or a person employed to work at the school, and
(c)for a child who—
(i)is a registered pupil at the school, and
(ii)has not attained the age of three but will do so before the expiry of the child’s first term at the school.
(2) “Relevant school” means a maintained school, a school approved by the Secretary of State under section 342 of the Education Act 1996(5) (approval of non-maintained special schools), or an independent school.
Minister of State
Department for Children, Schools and Families
31st March 2008
(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order specifies circumstances in which the provision of childcare does not attract the requirement for registration in the early years register or Part A of the general childcare register.
Section 32 of the Childcare Act 2006 (“the Act”) imposes the requirement for the Chief Inspector to maintain two registers: the early years register, and the general childcare register which is divided into two parts, Part A and Part B. Sections 33(1) (requirement to register: early years childminders), 34(1) (requirement to register: other early years providers), 52(1) (requirement to register: later years childminders for children under eight) and 53(1) (requirement to register: other later years providers for children under eight) require persons providing the childcare concerned to register in the relevant register.
Article 2 states which of the legal requirements to register do not apply in relation to the circumstances that are specified in articles 3 to 9.
Articles 3 to 9 specify the circumstances where childcare provision is to be exempt.
Article 3 exempts childminding where it is provided by the childminder for the children of a limited number of parents wholly or mainly in their homes, for a particular child for two hours or less per day, or where it is provided only between 6pm and 2am.
Article 4 exempts childcare provision in hotels, guesthouses or similar establishments for children who are staying there, where the person providing it does so only between 6pm and 2am and for a limited number of clients (as defined in article 1).
Article 5 exempts childcare provision for children on a temporary basis in specified circumstances.
Article 6 specifies childcare provision where the person providing it does so incidentally to providing other activity for children aged three or older.
Article 7 exempts “open access childcare” as defined in that article.
Article 8 exempts childcare provision where the person providing it does so incidentally to the provision of education to a child under a “home education arrangement” (defined in that article).
Article 9 specifies childcare provision at a “relevant school” (defined in that article) as part of the school’s activities, where it is made by the proprietor or employees of the school, for registered pupils who are not yet three years old but will turn three by the end of their first term at the school.
An impact assessment has been prepared for this Order. It is annexed to the Explanatory Memorandum which is available alongside the instrument on the OPSI website http://www.opsi.gov.uk.
Early years childminding and later years childminding being defined in sections 96(4) and (8) of the Act respectively as early years or later years provision on domestic premises for reward.
For the definition of “young child” see section 19 of the Act.
Section 8(1) the Education Act 1996 (c.56) provides that sections 8(2) and (3) of that Act apply to determine for the purposes of any enactment whether a person is of compulsory school age. Section 8(2) provides that a person begins to be of compulsory school age when he attains the age of five, if he attains that age on a prescribed day, and otherwise at the beginning of the prescribed day next following his attaining that age. Article 2 of the Education (Start of Compulsory School Age) Order 1998 (S.I. 1998/1607) provides that for the purposes of section 8(2), 31st August and 31st December shall be prescribed days for 1998 and successive years, and 31st March shall be a prescribed day for 1999 and successive years.
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