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1. These Regulations—
(a)may be cited as the Welfare of Farmed Animals (England) Regulations 2007;
(b)come into force on 1st October 2007; and
(c)apply in England only.
2.—(1) In these Regulations—
“calf” means a bovine animal up to six months old;
“laying hen” means a hen of the species Gallus gallus which has reached laying maturity and is kept for the production of eggs not intended for hatching;
“litter” means, in relation to laying hens, any friable material enabling the hens to satisfy their ethological needs;
“nest” means a separate space for egg laying, the floor component of which may not include wire mesh that can come into contact with the birds, for an individual hen or for a group of hens;
“person responsible” for an animal has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Animal Welfare Act 2006;
“pig” means an animal of the porcine species of any age, kept for breeding or fattening;
“usable area” means an area, other than that taken up by a nest, used by laying hens which is at least 30cm wide with a floor slope not exceeding 14% and with headroom of at least 45cm.
(2) Expressions used in these Regulations that are not defined in these Regulations and are used in the following Directives, have the meaning they bear in those Directives—
(3) An expression used in regulation 4 or Schedule 1, which is not defined in these Regulations and which appears in Directive 98/58/EC(8), has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of that Directive.
3.—(1) These Regulations apply to farmed animals only.
(2) In these Regulations, a “farmed animal” means an animal bred or kept for the production of food, wool or skin or other farming purposes, but not including—
(a)a fish, reptile or amphibian;
(b)an animal whilst at, or solely intended for use in, a competition, show or cultural or sporting event or activity;
(c)an experimental or laboratory animal; or
(d)an animal living in the wild.
4.—(1) A person responsible for a farmed animal must take all reasonable steps to ensure that the conditions under which it is bred or kept comply with Schedule 1.
(2) In complying with the duty in paragraph (1), a person responsible for a farmed animal must have regard to its—
(b)degree of development;
(c)adaptation and domestication; and
(d)physiological and ethological needs in accordance with good practice and scientific knowledge.
5.—(1) A person responsible for—
(a)poultry (other than those kept in the systems referred to in Schedules 2 to 4) kept in a building must ensure they are kept on, or have access at all times to, well-maintained litter or a well-drained area for resting;
(b)laying hens kept in establishments with 350 or more laying hens must comply with Schedules 2, 3, 4 and 5, as applicable;
(c)calves confined for rearing and fattening must comply with Schedule 6;
(d)cattle must comply with Schedule 7;
(e)pigs must, subject to paragraph (2), comply with Part 2 of Schedule 8 and, where applicable, the requirements of Parts 3, 4, 5 and 6 of Schedule 8; or
(f)rabbits must comply with Schedule 9.
(2) Paragraphs 12, 28, 29 and 30 of Schedule 8 apply to all holdings newly built, rebuilt or brought into use for the first time on or after 1st January 2003, but in the case of all other holdings, those paragraphs do not apply until 1st January 2013.
(3) Part 1 of Schedule 8 has effect.
6.—(1) A person responsible for a farmed animal—
(a)must not attend to the animal unless he is acquainted with any relevant code of practice and has access to the code while attending to the animal; and
(b)must take all reasonable steps to ensure that a person employed or engaged by him does not attend to the animal unless that other person—
(i)is acquainted with any relevant code of practice;
(ii)has access to the code while attending to the animal; and
(iii)has received instruction and guidance on the code.
(2) In this section, a “relevant code of practice” means a code of practice issued under section 14 of the Animal Welfare Act 2006 or a statutory welfare code issued under section 3 of the Agriculture (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1968(9) relating to the particular species of farmed animal to which a person is attending.
7. A person commits an offence if, without lawful authority or excuse, he—
(a)contravenes, or does not comply with a duty in, regulation 4, 5 or 6;
(b)makes an entry in a record, or gives any information for the purposes of these Regulations which he knows to be false in any material particular or, for those purposes, recklessly makes a statement or gives any information which is false in any material particular; or
(c)causes or permits any of the above.
8.—(1) A local authority may prosecute proceedings for an offence under these Regulations.
(2) The Secretary of State may direct that he, and not the local authority, prosecutes proceedings for an offence under these Regulations in relation to cases of a particular description or any particular case.
9.—(1) A person guilty of an offence under regulation 7 is liable on summary conviction to—
(a)imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks;
(b)a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale; or
(c)both the term of imprisonment referred to sub-paragraph (a) and the fine referred to in sub-paragraph (b).
(2) In relation to an offence committed before the commencement of section 281(5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003(10), the reference in paragraph (1)(a) to 51 weeks must be taken as a reference to 6 months.
Minister of State
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
19th July 2007
Explanatory Memorandum sets out a brief statement of the purpose of a Statutory Instrument and provides information about its policy objective and policy implications. They aim to make the Statutory Instrument accessible to readers who are not legally qualified accompany any Statutory Instrument or Draft Statutory Instrument laid before Parliament from June 2004 onwards.
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