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8. (1) Railway undertakings must, in their management, administration and internal control over administrative, economic and accounting matters, maintain the status of an independent operator and hold, in particular, assets, budgets and accounts which are separate from those of the State.
(2) Subject to the requirements set out in Parts 4 and 5 and Schedules 3 and 4 about the determination of infrastructure charges and the allocation of infrastructure capacity an infrastructure manager must be responsible for its own management, administration and internal control.
(3) Railway undertakings must keep and publish profit and loss accounts and either balance sheets or annual statements of assets and liabilities for business relating to the provision of rail-freight transport services.
(4) Funds paid for activities relating to the provision of passenger-transport services as public-service remits must be shown separately in the relevant accounts and may not be transferred to activities relating to the provision of other transport services or any other business.
9. (1) Any body which incorporates the functions of both infrastructure manager and railway undertaking must—
(a)prepare and publish separate profit and loss accounts and balance sheets in respect of business relating to the—
(i)provision of transport services as a railway undertaking; and
(ii)management of railway infrastructure; and
(b)ensure that public funds granted to such a body are not transferred between that part of the body responsible for the provision of transport services and that responsible for the management of railway infrastructure.
(2) Accounts for the two areas of activity described in paragraph (1) must be kept in such a way as to reflect the prohibition set out in that paragraph.
(3) The monitoring of the observance of public service obligations, where stipulated in the terms of a contract required by regulation 16(10), must be carried out by bodies or undertakings which do not provide rail transport services.
10. (1) The infrastructure manager must draw up a business plan which is designed for the purpose of ensuring—
(a)optimal and efficient use and development of the infrastructure; and
(2) The plan referred to in paragraph (1) must include details of investment and financial programmes, and provide the means by which the objectives set out in that paragraph are to be achieved.
(3) Each railway undertaking must draw up a business plan, which must include their investment and financing programmes, and which is designed for the purpose of ensuring—
(a)financial equilibrium; and
(b)other technical, commercial and financial management objectives.
(4) The plan referred to in paragraph (3) must provide the means by which the objectives set out in that paragraph are to be achieved.
(5) The Office of Rail Regulation shall, at least once a year, request confirmation that a business plan has been produced in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (3) and each infrastructure manager or, as the case may be, railway undertaking, to whom such a request is made shall be under an obligation to comply with that request.
(6) For the purposes of regulation 31, a request by the Office of Rail Regulation in accordance with paragraph (5) shall be treated as a request for information.
11. (1) The infrastructure manager must, following consultation with all interested parties, develop and publish a network statement containing the information described in paragraph (4).
(2) Where, by virtue of regulations 12(7) or 16(3) a charging body or, as the case may be, allocation body is responsible for the functions of the infrastructure manager in Parts 4 or 5, that charging body or allocation body must provide the infrastructure manager with such information as is necessary to enable that infrastructure manager to—
(a)include the information described in paragraph (4) in the network statement; and
(b)keep the network statement up to date in accordance with paragraph (5).
(3) A service provider who is not the infrastructure manager must provide the infrastructure manager with such information as is necessary to enable that infrastructure manager to—
(a)include the information described in paragraph (4)(b) and, where applicable, (d) in the network statement; and
(b)keep the network statement up to date in accordance with paragraph (5).
(4) The information referred to in paragraph (1) is—
(a)a section setting out the nature of the railway infrastructure which is available to applicants and the conditions of access to it;
(b)details as to where further information may be obtained about the nature of the track access to, and supply of services in, any of the terminals, ports and service facilities to which access may be obtained pursuant to regulations 6 and 7;
(c)a description of the charging principles and tariffs, including details of the charging methodology, exceptions to the charging principles, and discounts;
(d)details of charges for the supply of those services listed in Schedule 2 which are provided by only one supplier;
(e)a description of the principles and criteria for the allocation of infrastructure capacity, setting out the general capacity characteristics of the infrastructure available and the restrictions on its use, including likely capacity requirements for maintenance;
(f)the procedures and deadlines in the capacity allocation process and specific criteria employed in that process, in particular—
(i)the procedures according to which applicants can request infrastructure capacity from the infrastructure manager;
(ii)the information to be provided by applicants;
(iii)the timetable for the application and allocation process;
(iv)the principles governing the co-ordination process, in particular the arrangement of international train paths, and the effect that modification of such paths might have on other infrastructure managers;
(v)information about the procedures established in accordance with regulation 17(4) for the allocation of infrastructure capacity at an international level, including information about the membership and methods of operation of any representative groups, and all relevant criteria used to assess and allocate infrastructure capacity which crosses more than one network;
(vi)the dispute resolution procedure established in accordance with regulation 20(5);
(vii)details of any section of railway infrastructure which has been designated for use by specified types of rail services in accordance with regulation 22;
(viii)the procedures to be followed for congested infrastructure, and any priority criteria for the allocation of congested infrastructure set in accordance with regulation 23(5) and (6);
(ix)the findings of any capacity enhancement plan completed in accordance with regulation 25;
(x)details of restrictions on the use of infrastructure;
(xi)the threshold quota to be applied by the infrastructure manager in requiring a train path to be surrendered under regulation 26(1); and
(xii)the conditions relating to previous levels of utilisation of capacity to be taken into account by the infrastructure manager in determining priorities in accordance with regulation 26(3); and
(g)the measures taken by the infrastructure manager to ensure fair treatment of freight services and international services, and in responding to ad hoc requests for infrastructure capacity.
(5) The infrastructure manager must keep the network statement up to date and modify it as necessary.
(6) The infrastructure manager must publish the network statement not less than four months before the deadline for applications for infrastructure capacity as described under paragraph (4)(f)(iii).
(7) Any fee charged by the infrastructure manager for the provision, on request, of a copy of the network statement must not exceed the cost of producing that copy.
(8) If the information required under paragraphs (2) or (3) is not provided to the satisfaction of the infrastructure manager, he may refer the matter to the Office of Rail Regulation for a determination as to whether additional information must be supplied.
(9) Where a matter is referred to the Office of Rail Regulation in accordance with paragraph (8), it is the duty of that Office to make the determination within such period as is reasonable in all the circumstances, and any such determination shall be binding on all parties.
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