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The Business Improvement Districts (England) Regulations 2004

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Regulation 4

SCHEDULE 1CONTENT OF BID PROPOSALS, RENEWAL PROPOSALS OR ALTERATION PROPOSALS

1.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraphs (2) and (3), the matters which shall be included in BID proposals are—

(a)a statement of the works or services to be provided, the name of who will provide them (the name of the BID body or local authority BID body) and the type of body the provider is (whether a local authority, a company under the control of the authority, a limited company or a partnership);

(b)a statement of the existing baseline services (if any) provided by the relevant billing authority or other public authority;

(c)a description of the geographical area (including a map showing that area) in which the proposed BID arrangements are to have effect;

(d)a statement of whether all non-domestic ratepayers in the geographical area or a specified class of them are to be liable to the BID levy, an explanation of how the amount of the BID levy to be levied is to be calculated and an explanation of whether any of the costs incurred in developing the BID proposals, holding of the ballot or implementing the BID are to be recovered through the BID levy;

(e)a statement of the specified class of non-domestic ratepayer (if any) for which and the level at which any relief from the BID levy is to apply;

(f)a statement of whether the BID arrangements may be altered without an alteration ballot and, if so, which aspects of the BID arrangements may be altered in this way;

(g)a statement of the duration of the BID arrangements; and

(h)a statement of the commencement date of the BID arrangements.

(2) In relation to sub-paragraph (1)(c), the geographical area in which BID arrangements are to have effect shall not include part only of a whole hereditament.

(3) In relation to sub-paragraph (1)(h), the BID proposer shall specify how many days after the notice of the result is published pursuant to paragraph 17 of Schedule 2 it proposes the BID arrangements will commence and such commencement date shall be no later than a year after the date of that notice.

2.  The matters which shall be included in renewal proposals are—

(a)a statement of the proposed period (not exceeding 5 years) of the renewed BID arrangements; and

(b)a summary of the BID arrangements (including the geographical area of the BID, the works or service provided, an explanation of who is liable for the BID levy, the level of the BID levy and how it is calculated).

3.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the matters which shall be included in alteration proposals are a description of how it is proposed the BID arrangements are to be altered in relation to each of the following—

(a)the works or services to be provided or the person to have responsibility for implementing the BID arrangements;

(b)a summary of the existing baseline services (if any) provided by the relevant billing authority;

(c)the geographical area (including a map showing that area) in which the proposed BID arrangements are to have effect;

(d)the non-domestic ratepayers in the geographical area who are to be liable to the BID levy, an explanation of how the amount of the BID levy to be levied is to be calculated and an explanation of whether any of the costs incurred in developing the BID proposals, holding of the ballot or implementing the BID are to be recovered through the BID levy;

(e)the category of non-domestic ratepayer (if any) for which and the level at which any relief from the BID levy is to apply;

(f)whether the BID arrangements may be altered without an alteration ballot and, if so, which aspects of the BID arrangements may be altered in this way; and

(g)a statement of the commencement date of the alterations to the BID arrangements.

(2) In relation to sub-paragraph (1)(c), the geographical area in which BID arrangements are to have effect shall not include part only of a whole hereditament.

(3) In relation to sub-paragraph (1)(g), the BID body or local authority BID body, as the case may be, shall specify how many days after the notice of the result is published pursuant to paragraph 17 of Schedule 2 it proposes the alterations to the BID arrangements will come into force and such commencement date shall be no later than a year after the date of that notice.

Regulation 7

SCHEDULE 2RULES FOR BID BALLOTS, RENEWAL BALLOTS AND ALTERATION BALLOTS

PROVISIONS AS TO TIME

Timetable

1.  The proceedings of the ballot shall be conducted in accordance with the following Table.

Timetable
ProceedingTime
The billing authority instructs the ballot holderIn accordance with regulation 5
Publication of notice of ballotAt least 42 days before the day of the ballot (paragraph 3).
Day of the ballotThe day determined in accordance with paragraph 2.
Declaration of the resultIn accordance with paragraph 17

RULES FOR BALLOTS

Day of the ballot

2.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), the ballot holder shall secure that the day of the ballot is—

(a)a working day;

(b)at least 28 days after the date on which the ballot papers were sent to voters (or, where the ballot papers were sent on more than one date, the last such date); and

(c)no later than 90 days from the date on which he published the notice required by paragraph 3(a).

(2) No later than 42 days before day of the ballot, the ballot holder may postpone the day of the ballot by up to 15 working days.

(3) Where the ballot holder postpones the ballot under sub-paragraph (2), he shall notify the relevant billing authority and the BID proposer or BID body, as the case may be, in writing of the new day of the ballot and the reasons for the postponement and he shall take reasonable steps to publicise the new day of the ballot.

Ballots—preliminary procedures

3.  The ballot holder shall, at least 42 days before the day of the ballot—

(a)publish notice of the ballot stating—

(i)the day of the ballot; and

(ii)that the ballot will be taken entirely by post, with votes to be returned by 5p.m. on the day of the ballot;

(b)prepare a list of persons entitled to vote and proxies (if any);

(c)send to each person entitled to vote or, if applicable, his proxy a statement which–

(i)explains the arrangements for the ballot;

(ii)explains that regulation 4(3) allows that person to request a copy of the BID proposals from the BID proposer; and

(iii)provides the name and address of the BID proposer; and

(d)send to the Secretary of State a copy of the notice referred to in sub-paragraph (a).

Ballots - general

4.—(1) Each ballot shall be a postal ballot.

(2) Each person entitled to vote in a BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, shall have one vote in respect of each hereditament occupied or (if unoccupied) owned by him in the geographical area of the BID.

(3) In ascertaining the rateable value of a hereditament for the purposes of a BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, no account shall be taken of any alteration to the rateable value which is not shown in the list maintained under section 42(4) of the 1988 Act immediately prior to the end of the day of the ballot.

Proxy voting

5.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, any person is capable of being appointed proxy to vote for another in a ballot and may vote in pursuance of the appointment.

(2) The person entitled to vote cannot have more than one person at a time appointed as proxy to vote for him in a ballot.

(3) Where the person entitled to vote applies to the ballot holder for the appointment of a proxy to vote for him in a particular ballot, the ballot holder shall make the appointment if the application meets the requirements of this paragraph and that the proxy is capable of being, and willing to be, appointed.

(4) An application for the appointment of a proxy shall–

(a)state the full name and address of the person whom the person entitled to vote (the applicant) wishes to appoint as his proxy;

(b)state the address of the applicant’s hereditament;

(c)be signed by the applicant; and

(d)contain a statement by him that he has consulted the proxy so named and that that person is capable of being and willing to be appointed.

(5) An application to appoint a proxy shall be refused for the purposes of a particular ballot if it is received by the ballot holder after 5p.m. on the tenth day before the day of the ballot.

(6) Where the ballot holder grants an application for the appointment of a proxy, he shall–

(a)confirm by notice in writing to the person entitled to vote that the proxy has been appointed, his name and his address; and

(b)include the proxy’s details on the list referred to in paragraph 3(b).

(7) Where the ballot holder refuses an application to appoint a proxy, he shall notify the applicant in writing of his decision and of the reason for it.

(8) Subject to sub-paragraph (9), the appointment shall remain in force for that ballot only.

(9) The appointment may be cancelled by the person entitled to vote giving notice to the ballot holder or by the proxy giving notice to the ballot holder that he no longer wishes to act as proxy.

(10) A notice under sub-paragraph (9) by an person entitled to vote cancelling a proxy’s appointment shall be disregarded for the purposes of a ballot if it is received by the ballot holder after 5p.m. on the fifth day before the date of the poll at that election.

(11) Where the appointment of a proxy is cancelled under sub-paragraph (9), the ballot holder shall—

(a)notify the person entitled to vote in writing that the appointment has been cancelled;

(b)notify the person whose appointment as proxy has been cancelled in writing, unless the ballot holder has previously been notified by that person that he no longer wishes to act as proxy; and

(c)remove the name of the proxy from the record kept under paragraph 3(b).

Requirement of secrecy

6.—(1) Every person attending the proceedings in connection with the issue or the receipt of ballot papers shall maintain and aid in maintaining the secrecy of the voting and shall not attempt to ascertain at the proceedings in connection with the receipt of the ballot papers the way in which any vote is given in any particular ballot paper or communicate any information with respect thereto obtained at those proceedings.

(2) Every person attending at the counting of the votes shall maintain and aid in maintaining the secrecy of voting and shall not communicate any information obtained at the counting of the votes as to the way in which any vote is given on any particular ballot paper.

(3) Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent the ballot holder and his clerks ascertaining the address and rateable value of each hereditament in respect of which a vote is cast.

Notification of requirement of secrecy

7.  The ballot holder shall make such arrangements as he thinks fit to ensure that every person attending at proceedings in connection with the issue or receipt of ballot papers or the counting of the votes has been given a copy in writing of the provisions of paragraph 6.

The ballot paper

8.—(1) Nothing is to be printed on the ballot paper except in accordance with this paragraph.

(2) Each ballot paper may have a number or barcode printed on the back..

(3) The box in which a vote may be marked on the ballot paper shall not be less than 1.5 centimetres square.

(4) All of the words on the ballot paper shall appear in the same size type.

(5) Each ballot paper for a BID ballot, or a re-ballot in relation to a BID ballot, shall include the following wording—

(6) Each ballot paper for a renewal ballot, or re-ballot in relation to a renewal ballot, shall include the following wording—

(7) Each ballot paper for an alteration ballot, or re-ballot in relation to an alteration ballot, shall include the following wording—

Prohibition of disclosure of vote

9.  No person who has voted shall, in any legal proceeding to question the BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, be required to state the way in which he voted.

Procedure on issue of ballot paper

10.—(1) One ballot paper shall be issued in respect of each person entitled to vote in the BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, in respect of each hereditament for which he is entitled to vote.

(2) The address to which the ballot paper is to be sent is—

(a)the address of the hereditament or the principal place of business within England of the person entitled to vote; or

(b)in the case of a proxy, the address shown for the proxy on the list prepared under paragraph 3(b).

(3) At the same time there shall be issued to each person entitled to vote or, if applicable, his proxy–

(a)a statement prepared by the ballot holder providing an explanation of the BID arrangements and the arrangements for the ballot; and

(b)an envelope for the return of the ballot paper (referred to in this Schedule as the “return envelope”).

(4) For the purpose of delivering the ballot papers, the ballot holder may use—

(a)a universal service provider (as defined in the Postal Services Act 2000(1));

(b)any other holder of a licence under Part 2 of the Postal Services Act 2000 whose licence permits it to convey such papers from one place to another; or

(c)any other means of conveyance and delivery for which a licence is not required, pursuant to section 7 of the Postal Services Act 2000.

(5) Postage shall be prepaid on envelopes in which the ballot paper is issued and return postage shall be prepaid on all return envelopes.

(6) No person other than the ballot holder and his clerks may be present at the issue of ballot papers, unless permitted by the ballot holder to attend.

Spoilt ballot papers

11.—(1) If a voter has inadvertently dealt with his ballot paper in such manner that it cannot be conveniently used as a ballot paper (referred to as “a spoilt ballot paper”) he may return (either by hand or by post) to the ballot holder the spoilt ballot paper.

(2) On receipt of the spoilt ballot paper, the ballot holder shall issue another ballot paper, except where those documents are received later than 3 working days before the day of the ballot.

(3) The spoilt ballot paper shall be immediately cancelled.

(4) Where a voter applies in person, the ballot holder may hand a replacement ballot paper to him instead of delivering it in accordance with paragraph 10.

Lost ballot papers

12.—(1) Where a voter has not received his ballot paper by the fourth working day before the day of the ballot, he may apply (whether or not in person) to the ballot holder for a replacement ballot paper.

(2) Such an application shall include evidence of the voter’s identity.

(3) Where the application is received by the ballot holder later than 3 working days before the day of the ballot and the ballot holder—

(a)is satisfied as to the voter’s identity; and

(b)has no reason to doubt that the voter did not receive the original ballot paper;

he shall issue another ballot paper.

(4) Where a ballot voter applies in person, the ballot holder may hand a replacement ballot paper to him instead of delivering it in accordance with paragraph 10.

Receipt of return ballot papers

13.—(1) A postal ballot paper shall not be taken to be duly returned unless it is received by the ballot holder (either by hand or by post) or at any place for delivery specified in the notice of ballot as being a place of delivery before 5pm on the day of the ballot.

(2) On receipt of a returned ballot paper the ballot holder shall arrange for it to be kept in a secure receptacle until the votes are counted.

(3) No person other than the ballot holder and his clerks may be present at the receipt of the ballot papers, unless permitted by the ballot holder to attend.

The count

14.—(1) As soon as practicable after the day of the ballot, the ballot holder shall make arrangements for counting the votes cast on such of the ballot papers as have been duly returned (in accordance with paragraph 13(1)) and record the number counted.

(2) No person other than the ballot holder and his clerks may be present at the counting of the votes, unless permitted by the ballot holder to attend.

Rejected ballot papers

15.—(1) Where a ballot paper is received which bears the same number or barcode as a ballot paper already received, both that ballot paper and the other ballot paper bearing the same number or barcode (as the case may be) shall be void and not counted.

(2) Any ballot paper which is unsigned, unmarked or void for uncertainty shall, subject to sub-paragraph (3), be void and not counted.

(3) A ballot paper on which the vote is marked—

(a)elsewhere than in the proper place; or

(b)otherwise than by means of a cross; or

(c)by more than one mark,

shall not for such reason be deemed to be void if the voting intention appears clear.

Decisions on ballot papers

16.  The decision of the ballot holder on any question arising in respect of a ballot paper shall be final.

Declaration of result

17.—(1) The ballot holder shall certify—

(a)the total number of votes cast in the ballot excluding any votes given on ballot papers rejected under paragraph 15;

(b)the aggregate rateable value of each hereditament in respect of which a person voted in the ballot;

(c)the total number of votes cast in favour of the question asked in the ballot; and

(d)the aggregate rateable value of each hereditament in respect of which a person voting in the ballot has voted in favour of the question asked.

(2) The ballot holder, having made the certification under sub-paragraph (1), shall—

(a)forthwith make a declaration of the matters so certified; and

(b)as soon as reasonably practicable give public notice of the matters so certified.

Validity

18.—(1) No BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, shall be declared invalid by reason of any act or omission of the ballot holder or any other person in breach of the provisions of this Schedule, if it appears to a court considering the question that—

(a)the BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, was so conducted as to be substantially in accordance with the provisions of this Schedule; and

(b)the act or omission did not affect its result.

(2) A BID ballot, renewal ballot, alteration ballot or re-ballot, as the case may be, unless proceedings are started in relation to it before the commencement date of the BID arrangements, renewed BID arrangements of altered BID arrangements (as the case may be), shall be deemed to have been to all intents a good and valid ballot.

Retention of ballot papers

19.  The ballot holder shall retain the ballot papers for six months after the day of the ballot and then, unless otherwise directed by order of the High Court, shall cause them to be destroyed.

Regulation 14

SCHEDULE 3THE KEEPING OF THE BID REVENUE ACCOUNT

Part 1Credits to the Account

1.  For each year a billing authority which is required to keep a BID Revenue Account (“the account”) shall carry to the credit of the account amounts equal to the items listed in this Part of this Schedule.

Item 1: BID revenues

Sums paid for the year under sections 43 and 45 of the Act.

Item 2: Income from BID services and facilities

Sums received by the authority for the year in respect of services or facilities provided by it (excluding contributions made by it to the BID under section 43(2)(a) of the Act) under the BID arrangements.

Item 3: reduced provision for bad or doubtful debts

The following, namely—

(a)any sums debited to the account for a previous year under sub-paragraph (a) of item 2 of Part 2 of this Schedule which have been recovered by the authority during the year; and

(b)any amount by which, in the opinion of the authority, any provision debited to the account for a previous year under sub-paragraph (b) of that item should be reduced.

Item 4: credit balance from previous year

Any credit balance shown in the account for the previous year.

Part 2Debits to the Account

2.  For each year a billing authority which is required to keep a BID Revenue Account (“the account”) shall carry to the debit of the account amounts equal to the items listed in this Part of this Schedule.

Item 1: BID cost of collection

The cost to the authority for the year in respect of collecting the BID levy.

Item 2: BID expenditure

The expenditure of the authority for the year in respect of the BID arrangements (including sums paid to a third party to undertake the works or services under the BID arrangements).

Item 3: provision for bad or doubtful debts

The following, namely—

(a)any sums credited to the account for the year or any previous year under item 1 or 2 of Part 1 of this Schedule which, in the opinion of the authority, are bad debts which should be written off; and

(b)any provision for doubtful debts which, in their opinion, should be made in respect of sums so credited.

Item 4: debit balance from previous year

Any debit balance shown in the account for the previous year.

Regulation 15

SCHEDULE 4IMPOSITION, ADMINISTRATION, COLLECTION, RECOVERY

AND APPLICATION OF THE BID LEVY

Interpretation

1.—(1) In this Schedule “relevant period” in relation to a notice means the chargeable period to which the notice relates.

(2) Where references are made in this Schedule to the day on which a notice is issued, they shall be taken to be references—

(a)if the notice is served in the manner described in sub-paragraph (4) below or section 233(2) of the Local Government Act 1972(2) by being left at, or sent by post to, a person’s place of business or proper address, to the day on which it is so left or posted, or

(b)in any other case, to the day on which it is served.

(3) Where any notice which is required or authorised by this Schedule to be given to or served on a person falls to be given or served by or on behalf of the Common Council of the City of London or by an officer of the Common Council of the City of London, it may be given or served in any manner in which it might be given or served under section 233 of the Local Government Act 1972 as if the Common Council were a local authority within the meaning of that section.

(4) Without prejudice to section 233 of the Local Government Act 1972 and sub-paragraph (3) above, where any notice which is required or authorised by this Schedule to be given to or served on a person relates to a hereditament which is (or, where such a notice relates to more than one hereditament, one or more of which is) a place of business of that person, it may be given or served by leaving it at, or by sending it by post to him at, the place of business (or, as the case may be, one of those places of business).

(5) Without prejudice to section 233 of the Local Government Act 1972 and sub-paragraphs (3) and (4) above and subject to sub-paragraphs (6) to (9) below, any notice required or authorised to be given to or served by a billing authority on any person by this Schedule, or any information required by paragraph 3(2) of this Schedule to be supplied to any person when a demand notice (within the meaning of this Schedule) is served—

(a)may be so given, served or supplied by sending the notice or information to that person by electronic communication to such address as may be notified by that person for that purpose; or

(b)shall be treated as given, served or supplied to that person where—

(i)the billing authority and that person have agreed for that purpose that any documents containing the notice or information may be accessed by that person on a website;

(ii)the document is a document to which that agreement applies;

(iii)the billing authority has published the document on a website; and

(iv)that person is notified, in a manner for the time being agreed for those purposes between him and the billing authority, of—

(aa)the publication of the document on a website;

(bb)the address of that website; and

(cc)the place on the website where the document may be accessed.

(6) For the purpose of any legal proceedings, a notice given by a means described in paragraph (5) shall, unless the contrary is proved, be treated as served on the second business day after—

(a)it was sent in accordance with sub-paragraph (5)(a); or

(b)notification of its publication was given in accordance with sub-paragraph (5)(b)(iv).

(7) A person who has notified an address for the purpose of sub-paragraph (5)(a) shall, by notice in writing to the billing authority, advise the billing authority of any change in that address; and the change shall take effect on the third business day after the date on which the notice is received by the billing authority.

(8) A person who has notified an address for the purpose of sub-paragraph (5)(a) may, by notice in writing to the billing authority, withdraw that notification; and the withdrawal shall take effect on the third business day after the date on which the notice is received by the billing authority.

(9) A person who has entered into an agreement with the billing authority under sub-paragraph (5)(b)(i) may, by notice in writing to the billing authority, inform the authority that he no longer wishes to be a party to the agreement; and where such notice is given, the agreement shall be treated as revoked on the third business day after the date on which the notice is received by the billing authority.

The requirement for demand notices

2.—(1) For each chargeable period a relevant billing authority shall, in accordance with paragraphs 4 to 6, serve a notice in writing on every person who is liable for the BID levy in relation to the BID arrangements for the period.

(2) Different demand notices shall be served for different chargeable periods.

(3) A demand notice shall be served with respect to the amount payable for every hereditament as regards which a person is liable for the BID levy, though a single notice may relate to the amount payable with respect to more than one such hereditament.

(4) If a single demand notice relates to the amount payable with respect to more than one hereditament the amounts due under it, and the times at which they fall due, shall be determined as if separate notices were issued in respect of each hereditament.

Content of demand notices

3.—(1) A demand notice shall contain the following matters—

(a)a statement of the address and description of each hereditament to which the notice relates;

(b)a statement explaining how the BID levy is calculated for each hereditament to which the notice relates; and

(c)a statement of the days (if any) on which, for the purposes of calculating the payments required to be made under the notice, it was understood that the person who is liable for the BID levy in respect of the hereditament fell within the description in the BID arrangements of persons who are to be liable for the BID levy for the chargeable period in question.

(2) A billing authority must when it serves a demand notice supply to the person to whom the notice is served the following information—

(a)the revenue from the BID levy the billing authority was due to receive in the previous year;

(b)the amount spent on the BID arrangements in the previous year;

(c)a description of the matters on which it was spent; and

(d)a description of the matters on which it is intended to spend the revenue from the BID levy in the financial year.

Invalid notices

4.—(1) Where—

(a)a demand notice is invalid because it does not comply with paragraph 3;

(b)the failure so to comply was due to a mistake; and

(c)the amounts required to be paid under the notice were demanded in accordance with paragraph 3(1),

the requirement to pay those amounts shall apply as if the notice were valid.

(2) Where a requirement to pay an amount under an invalid notice subsists by virtue of sub-paragraph (1), the billing authority shall as soon as practicable after the mistake is discovered issue to the person who is liable for the BID levy concerned a statement of the matters which were not contained in the notice and which should have been so contained.

Service of demand notices

5.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (2), a demand notice shall be served on or as soon as practicable after—

(a)except in a case falling within paragraph (b), the first day of the relevant period; or

(b)if the person falls within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements as regards the hereditament concerned later in the relevant period, the first day after that day in respect of which he falls within that description.

(2) A demand notice may be served before the beginning of the relevant period on a person who, on the day it is issued, the relevant billing authority considers will fall within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements as regards the hereditament to which it relates; and if it is so served, references in this Schedule to a person who is liable for the BID levy shall, in relation to that notice and so far as the context permits, be construed as references to that person.

Payments under demand notices

6.—(1) If a demand notice is issued before or during the relevant period and it appears to the relevant billing authority that the person falls within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements in respect of the day on which the notice is issued as regards the hereditament to which it relates, the notice shall require payment of an amount equal to the relevant billing authority’s estimate of the amount payable for the period.

(2) In making an estimate under sub-paragraph (1) the relevant billing authority shall assume, as respects a period which falls after the issue of the notice, that the person will continue to fall within the description referred to in sub-paragraph (1).

(3) If a demand notice is issued during the relevant period but sub-paragraph (1) does not apply, the notice shall require payment of an amount equal to the amount payable for the period in the period up to the day on which the person last fell within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements as regards the hereditament concerned.

(4) If, after a notice is served to which sub-paragraph (3) applies, the person again falls within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements in the relevant period as regards the hereditament concerned, a further notice shall be served on him requiring payments with respect to the amount payable in relation to the hereditament for the period in the relevant period beginning with the day in respect of which the person so falls within the said description again.

(5) Where a further notice is issued under sub-paragraph (4), paragraphs 5 to 8 shall apply to the further notice with respect to the period referred to in sub-paragraph (4) as if it were a demand notice and the person had not previously fallen within the description of person to be liable to the BID levy specified in the BID arrangements.

(6) If a demand notice is issued after the end of the relevant period, it shall require payment of the amount payable for the period.

Payments under demand notices: further provision

7.—(1) Unless an agreement under sub-paragraph (3) in relation to the relevant period has been reached before the demand notice is issued, a notice to which paragraph 6(1) applies shall require the estimate of the amount payable on expiry of such period (being not less than 14 days) after the day of issue of the notice as is specified in it.

(2) If an agreement under sub-paragraph (3) in relation to the relevant period has been reached before the demand notice is issued, a notice to which paragraph 6(1) applies shall require the estimate of the amount payable to be paid in accordance with that agreement.

(3) A relevant billing authority and a person who is liable for the BID levy may agree that the estimate of the amount payable which is required to be paid under a notice to which paragraph 6(1) applies should be paid in such manner as is provided by the agreement.

(4) Notwithstanding anything in the preceding provisions of this paragraph, such an agreement may be entered into either before or after the demand notice concerned is issued, and may make provision for the cessation or adjustment of payments, and for the making of fresh estimates, in the event of the estimate mentioned in paragraph 6(1) turning out to be wrong; and if it is entered into after the demand notice has been issued, it may make provision dealing with the treatment for the purposes of the agreement of any sums paid before it was entered into.

(5) A notice to which paragraph 6(3) or (5) applies shall require payment of the amount payable on the expiry of such period (being not less than 14 days) after the day of issue of the notice as is specified in it.

(6) No payment in respect of the amount payable by a person who is liable for the BID levy in relation to a hereditament for any chargeable period need be made unless a notice served under this Schedule requires it.

Demand notices: final adjustment

8.—(1) This paragraph applies where—

(a)a notice has been issued by a relevant billing authority under this Schedule requiring a payment or payments to be made by a person who is liable for the BID levy in respect of the amount payable in relation to a hereditament for a chargeable period or part of a chargeable period;

(b)the payment or payments required to be paid are found to be in excess of or less than the amount payable in relation to the hereditament for the period or the part; and

(c)provision for adjusting the amounts required under the notice and (as appropriate) for the making of additional payments or the repaying or crediting of any amount overpaid is not made by any other provision of this Schedule or of any agreement entered into under paragraph 7(3).

(2) The relevant billing authority shall as soon as practicable after the expiry of the period or the part of a period serve a further notice on the person who is liable for the BID levy stating the amount payable for the period or part in relation to the hereditament, and adjusting (by reference to that amount) the amounts required to be paid under the notice referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a).

(3) If the amount stated in the further notice is greater than the amount required to be paid under the notice referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a), the amount of the difference for which such other provision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not made shall be due from the person who is liable for the BID levy to the relevant billing authority on the expiry of such period (being not less than 14 days) after the day of issue of the notice as is specified in it.

(4) If there has been an overpayment in respect of any liability of the person who is liable for the BID levy under this Schedule, the amount overpaid for which such other provision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(c) is not made—

(a)shall be repaid if the person who is liable for the BID levy so requires; or

(b)in any other case shall (as the relevant billing authority determines) either be repaid or be credited against any subsequent liability of the person who is liable for the BID levy to pay anything to it by way of the BID levy or non-domestic rate.

Enforcement

9.—(1) Part 3 of and Schedules 2 to 4 to the Non-Domestic Rating (Collection and Enforcement)(Local Lists) Regulations 1989(3) shall apply to the enforcement of the BID levy with the following modifications—

(a)the reference in regulations 10 and 20 to a sum which has become payable to a billing authority under Part 2 of those regulations shall be read as including a reference to a sum which has become payable to a billing authority under this Schedule;

(b)regulation 11(3) shall not apply;

(c)regulation 12(1) shall be read as if the words from “an amount which has fallen due under regulation 8(2)” to “required under regulation 11)” were excluded;

(d)the definition of “authorised person” in regulation 21(7) shall be read as including a person authorised by a billing authority to exercise any functions relating to the collection and enforcement of the BID levy;

(e)the reference in regulation 22 to a sum which has become payable under Part 2 of those regulations to a person other than a billing authority shall be read as including a reference to a sum which has become payable under this Schedule to a person other than a billing authority;

(f)regulation 23(2) shall be read as if the words “or the contents of any BID arrangements made under Part 4 of the Local Government Act 2003” were inserted after the words “such a list” and the words “or the arrangements” were inserted after the words “list or extract”;

(g)regulation 23(3) shall be read as if—

(i)for sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) there were substituted a reference to notification which is given under paragraph 8(2) of this Schedule; and

(ii)the words “or the multiplier in substitution is set under paragraph 10 of Schedule 7 to the Act (as the case maybe)” were excluded; and

(h)regulation 23(4) shall be read as if for the word “paragraph (3)(a) in the case in question, or sets a multiplier in substitution so that paragraph 10(4) of Schedule 7 to the Act applies in the case in question” there were substituted a reference to paragraph 8(2) of this Schedule.

Outstanding liabilities on death

10.—(1) This paragraph applies where a person dies and at any time before his death he was (or is alleged to have been) subject to a BID levy.

(2) Where—

(a)before the deceased’s death a sum has become payable by him under this Schedule or by way of relevant costs in respect of a BID levy but has not been paid; or

(b)after the deceased’s death a sum would, but for his death (and whether or not on the service of a notice) become payable by him under this Schedule in respect of a BID levy,

his executor or administrator shall, subject to sub-paragraph (3) and to the extent that it is not in excess of the deceased’s liability (including relevant costs payable by him) in respect of the BID levy, be liable to pay the sum and may deduct out of the assets and effects of the deceased any payments made (or to be made).

(3) Where sub-paragraph (2)(b) applies, the liability of the executor or administrator does not arise until the service on him of a notice requiring payment of the sum.

(4) Where before the deceased’s death a sum in excess of his liability (including relevant costs payable by him) in respect of a BID levy has been paid (whether the excess arises because of his death or otherwise) and has not been repaid or credited under this Schedule, his executor or administrator shall be entitled to the sum.

(5) Costs are relevant costs for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (2) and (4) if—

(a)an order or warrant (as the case may be) was made by the court in respect of them under regulation 12(6)(b)or (7) or 16(4)(b) of the 1989 Regulations, or in proceedings under regulation 20 of the 1989 Regulations; or

(b)they are charges connected with distress which may be recovered pursuant to regulation 14(2)(b) of the 1989 Regulations.

(6) A sum payable under sub-paragraph (2) shall be enforceable in the administration of the deceased’s estate as a debt of the deceased and accordingly—

(a)no liability order need be applied for in respect of it after the deceased’s death under regulation 12 of the 1989 Regulations, and

(b)the liability of the executor or administrator is a liability in his capacity as such.

(7) Regulation 23(1) and (2) of the 1989 Regulations applies to proceedings to enforce a liability arising under this paragraph as it applies to other proceedings under this Schedule.

(8) Insofar as is relevant to his liability under this paragraph in the administration of the deceased’s estate, the executor or administrator may institute, continue or withdraw proceedings.

Application of BID administration provisions to the Crown

11.—(1) No contravention by the Crown of any provision of this Schedule shall make the Crown criminally liable; but the High Court may, on the application of a billing authority, declare unlawful any act or omission of the Crown which constitutes such a contravention.

(2) Notwithstanding anything in sub-paragraph (1), the provisions of this Schedule shall apply to the Crown as it applies to other persons.

(3) No power of entry conferred by this Schedule shall be exercisable in relation to any hereditament occupied, or, if unoccupied, owned by Her Majesty in her private capacity, and this sub-paragraph shall be construed as if section 38(3) of the Crown Proceedings Act 1947(4) were contained in this Schedule.

Joint occupiers and owners: billing

12.—(1) This paragraph applies in any case where (apart from this paragraph) there would at a particular time be more than one person who is liable for the BID levy for a hereditament, or of part of such a hereditament.

(2) Where this paragraph applies—

(a)as regards any time in a chargeable period when there is only one such person who is liable for the BID levy, that person shall be liable to pay the amount payable by way of the BID levy with respect to that time; and

(b)as regards any time in a chargeable period when there is more than one such person who is liable for the BID levy, those persons shall be jointly and severally liable to pay the amount that would have been payable by way of the BID levy with respect to that time if there were only one such person.

(3) This Schedule shall have effect to accord with sub-paragraph (2); and in particular a notice which falls to be given under this Schedule which relates to a time when paragraph (2)(b) applies may be given—

(a)severally to each or any of the persons who is liable for the BID levy concerned from whom payment is demanded; or

(b)where the persons concerned are jointly and severally liable as partners or trustees, jointly to the partnership or trust (in which case only a single notice need be given in respect of them and references to “the person who is liable for the BID levy” in this Schedule shall be construed as regards the notice as references to the partners or trustees jointly).

(4) A notice given to a partnership or trust pursuant to paragraph (3)(b) may be served—

(a)in the case of a partnership, in the manner described in section 233(3)(b) of the Local Government Act 1972 (“the 1972 Act”); or

(b)in the case of a trust, by being served on one of the trustees;

and where such a notice falls to be served on a partnership, a person having control or management of the partnership business or a trust under this paragraph, the proper address of the partnership, person or trust (as the case may be) shall include (as well as the address mentioned in section 233(4) of the 1972 Act) any place of business which is a hereditament to which the notice relates.

(5) Where a notice is given pursuant to paragraph (3)(a) to more than one person in respect of the same amount, the billing authority shall notify that fact to each person to whom notice is so given.

(6) Where a notice given pursuant to paragraph (3)(a) to a person who is liable for the BID levy relates to a time in the relevant year when paragraph (2)(a) applies and a time when paragraph (2)(b) applies, any payment made by the person under the notice shall be treated as being made towards satisfaction of the amount for which he is solely liable unless and until his liability in respect of that amount is discharged.

(7) For the purposes of any time to which paragraph (2)(b) applies, where the description of the person who is to be liable for the BID levy in the BID arrangements under section 46 of the Act requires that the ratepayer should be a charity or trustees for a charity this shall be treated as met if one or more of the persons jointly and severally liable is a charity or (as the case may be) some or all of them are trustees for a charity.

(8) Where any sum paid in respect of an amount calculated by reference to paragraph (2)(b) falls to be repaid, it may be repaid to such of the persons concerned as the billing authority considers appropriate.

(9) Subject to sub-paragraph (10), any payment or repayment in respect of a liability under paragraph (2)(b) shall be due between the persons who are liable for the BID levy as will secure that in respect of a liability falling within paragraph (2)(b) the burden or benefit of the payment or repayment accrues to them in equal shares.

(10) Paragraphs (2)(b) and (8) are without prejudice to any right or duty in law or equity of a person who is liable for the BID levy who has made a payment, or receives a repayment, in respect of a liability under paragraph (2)(b) to recover all or part of the payment from, or to account for all or part of the repayment to, the other persons who are liable for the BID levy or any beneficiaries interested in the hereditament.

Joint owners and occupiers: enforcement

13.—(1) Part 3 of and Schedules 2 to 4 to the 1989 Regulations, shall have effect, with the following modifications, for the recovery of a sum for which persons are liable under section 46 of the Act as applied by paragraph 12.

(2) A reminder notice shall be served in accordance with regulation 11(1) and (2) of the 1989 Regulations on every person against whom an application for a liability order is to be made.

(3) Paragraph 12(3) to (6) applies to a reminder notice as it applies to a notice under this Schedule.

(4) A liability order may be applied for and made against one or more of the persons who are liable for the BID levy concerned in respect of an amount to which paragraph 12(2)(b) applies, whether they have been served with a notice in respect of the amount jointly or severally.

(5) Where a liability order has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount, subject to sub-paragraph (9) distress may be made against one or more of them.

(6) Where distress has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount, a warrant of commitment may be applied for at any time against one of them or different warrants may be applied for against more than one of them.

(7) Where distress has been made against one person only, a warrant of commitment may be applied for against that person.

(8) Where a liability order has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount, and a warrant of commitment is issued against (or a term of imprisonment is fixed in the case of) one of them under regulation 16(3) of the 1989 Regulations, no steps, or no further steps, may be taken against any of them by way of distress, bankruptcy or winding up in relation to the amount mentioned in regulation 16(4) of the 1989 Regulations.

(9) Where a liability order has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount—

(a)steps by way of distress, commitment, bankruptcy or winding up may not be taken against a person in respect of the amount while steps by way of another of those methods are being taken against him in respect of it; and

(b)subject to sub-paragraph (10), steps by way of distress may not be taken against a person in respect of an amount whilst steps by way of distress are being taken against one of the others in respect of it.

(10) Where a liability order has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount and in making distress against one of them goods jointly owned by him and another of them are found, paragraph (9)(b) does not preclude distress being levied against those goods with respect to that amount; but in any subsequent proceedings under regulation 16 of the 1989 Regulations, charges arising under Schedule 3 to the 1989 Regulations from such a distress shall be treated as charges relating to the person against whose goods the levy was intended to be made when the jointly owned goods were found, and not as charges relating to the other.

(11) Where—

(a)a liability order has been made against more than one person in respect of an amount; and

(b)a charge has arisen as regards one of them under head B of the Table in paragraph 1 of Schedule 3 to the 1989 Regulations in respect of that amount,

no further charge may be aggregated for the purposes of regulation 14(2) of the 1989 Regulations under that head or head A of that Table in consequence of any subsequent levy or attempted levy against any of them in respect of that amount; and a charge under head A(i) or charges under that head and head A(ii) against one of them shall be treated for those purposes as a charge or, as the case may be, charges under that head with respect to the others as well as that one.

(12) Where a liability order is made against one person in respect of an amount, and also against another person or persons (whether at the same time as the order against the first mentioned person or subsequently and whether in respect of all or part of that amount)—

(a)the order made as respects all but the relevant person shall not include under regulation 12(6)(b) or (7) of the 1989 Regulations any additional sum in respect of the costs of obtaining the order against the other or others;

(b)those persons (with the relevant person) shall be treated as jointly and severally liable for the amount included in the order against the relevant person in respect of costs;

(c)the order against them shall (as regards regulations 12(6)(b) or (7) of the 1989 Regulations) be made in respect of the sum outstanding in relation to it.

(13) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (12), the relevant person is the person against whom the liability order was first made in respect of the amount or, if there are more than one such person, such one of them as the court considers appropriate.

(14) Sub-paragraph (12) is not to be construed as permitting a billing authority to apply under regulation 12(2) of the 1989 Regulations for a liability order against a person in respect of costs alone after an order has been made for those costs against another person.

Enforcement in relation to partnerships

14.—(1) Where persons are liable to pay an amount to which paragraph 12(2)(b) applies as partners in consequence of the service of a notice pursuant to paragraph 12(3)(b), a liability order in relation to it may be applied for and made against them in their firm name; and such an order shall be as effective as if orders were made against each partner concerned in respect of his liability for that amount.

(2) If a liability order is made against partners in their firm name in respect of an amount and no order has earlier been made against another person in respect of it, references in paragraph 13(12) to the relevant person shall be construed as references to the partnership.

(3) Without prejudice to regulation 13(2) of the 1989 Regulations, a summons issued pursuant to an application for a liability order against partners in their firm name may be served by leaving it at, or by sending it by post to the partnership at, the principal office of the partnership.

(4) Where a liability order has been made against partners in their firm name in respect of an amount, paragraph 13(9)(b) does not preclude distress being levied against partnership property with respect to that amount; and in any subsequent proceedings under regulation 16 of the 1989 Regulations, the partners shall be treated as jointly and severally liable for charges arising under Schedule 3 to those regulations from such a distress.

(5) Where a liability order is made against partners in their firm name, regulation 18(2) of the 1989 Regulations shall have effect as if the reference to a company included a reference to the partnership and the reference to section 221(5)(b) of the Insolvency Act 1986(5) were—

(a)in a case where article 7 of the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994(6) applies, a reference to section 221(5)(c) as applied by that article; or

(b)in a case where article 8 of that Order applies, a reference to section 221(5) as substituted by paragraph (1)(c) of that article.

(6) Where a liability order is made against partners in their firm name, paragraph 13(9)(a) does not preclude insolvency proceedings being brought against the partnership as well as against members of the partnership, and those proceedings being dealt with in accordance with the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994.

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