The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002

Statutory Instruments

2002 No. 3113

ROAD TRAFFIC

The Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002

Made

16th December 2002

Laid before Parliament

10th January 2003

Coming into force

31st January 2003

The Secretary of State for Transport, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 64, 65 and 85(2) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984(1) and by section 36(5) of the Road Traffic Act 1988(2) and now vested in him(3), hereby—

(a)

after consultation with representative organisations in accordance with section 134(2) of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984 and section 195(2) of the Road Traffic Act 1988, makes the Regulations set out in Part I of this Instrument, and

(b)

gives the Directions set out in Part II.

PART ITHE TRAFFIC SIGNS REGULATIONS 2002

SECTION 1PRELIMINARY

Citation and commencement

1.  This Part of this Instrument—

(a)may be cited—

(i)as the Traffic Signs Regulations 2002, and

(ii)together with Part II below, as the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002; and

(b)shall come into force on 31st January 2003.

Revocations

2.  The Traffic Signs Regulations 1994(4) and the Traffic Signs (Amendment) Regulations 1995(5) are hereby revoked.

Savings

3.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), any traffic sign which immediately before the coming into force of these Regulations was placed on or near a road shall be treated as prescribed by these Regulations, notwithstanding any provisions of these Regulations to the contrary, provided that—

(a)it is a sign prescribed, or to be treated as if prescribed, by the 1981 Regulations or by the 1994 Regulations; and

(b)it continues to comply with those Regulations,

as if those Regulations had not been revoked.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall cease to have effect—

(a)on 1st January 2005 in relation to the signs shown in each of the following diagrams—

(i)in the Traffic Signs Regulations 1957(6), diagrams 403 to 405, 412A to 418, 422 to 433, 435 to 459, 468 to 472, and 474 to 495;

(ii)in the Traffic Signs Regulations 1964(7), diagrams 742, 746, 837 and 838;

(iii)in the 1981 Regulations, diagrams 626.1, 627, 628.1, 641, 642.1, 649.2, 653, 734.7, 739.3, 742.1, 742.2, 742.3, 742.4, 742.5, 742.6, 747, 748, 749, 750, 751, 752, 752.1, 753, 753.1, 758, 759, 837.1, 838.1 and 905;

(iv)in the 1994 Regulations, diagrams 618.1 (when varied to include the legend “buses and coaches”), 784, 818.1 (when varied to show a distance greater than 2 miles), 820 (when varied to include the legend “buses and coaches”), 954.1 and 1028.2 (when varied to “COACHES”); and

(v)in the 1994 Regulations, diagrams 958, 959 and 960, in each case when varied to include the legend “& coaches”;

(b)on 1st January 2007 in relation to the signs shown in diagrams 622.1A (when varied to show “17T”), 626.2 (when displaying “17T” or “25T”), 1025 and 1025.2 in the 1994 Regulations;

(c)on 1st January 2010 in relation to—

(i)the signals prescribed by regulation 31(3) of the 1981 Regulations;

(ii)the sign shown in diagram 661 in the 1994 Regulations; and

(iii)the signs shown in diagrams 618.1, 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A and 620 in the 1994 Regulations when varied to include the orange badge symbol shown in diagram 661 in those Regulations;

(d)on 1st January 2015 in relation to—

(i)the signs shown in diagrams 728.1, 728.2, 729, 729.1, 729.2, 729.3, 730, 730.1, 732, 732.1, 732.2, 733, 733.1, 734.1, 734.2, 734.3, 734.4, 734.5, 734.6, 734.8, 734.9, 734.10, 736, 736.1, 737.1, 760 and 761 in the 1981 Regulations; and

(ii)the signs shown in diagrams 2308, 2309, 2310, 2311, 2313, 2314, 2315, 2315.1 and 2919 of the 1994 Regulations.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4), portable light signals which do not comply with regulation 35 shall be treated as prescribed by these Regulations if and so long as—

(a)those signals are of the size, colour and type prescribed by regulation 32 of the 1994 Regulations; and

(b)those signals and any apparatus (including the content of all instructions stored in, or executable by them) used in connection with them are the subject of an approval given and for the time being in force under direction 49 of the Traffic Signs General Directions 1994(8).

(4) Paragraph (3) shall cease to have effect on 1st January 2015.

(5) Notwithstanding regulation 2, the 1994 Regulations shall be treated, in relation to a paragraph (6) sign, as remaining in force during the extension period.

(6) In paragraph (5)—

(a)“the extension period” means the period of 12 weeks beginning with the day on which these Regulations come into force; and

(b)“a paragraph (6) sign” is a sign which is of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 547.5, 547.6, 626.2, 629, 639.1A, 642.2, 643, 644, 661, 661.2, 661.3, 780, 780.1, 780.2, 784, 785, 832.10, 864, 872, 2010, 2206, 2207, 2308, 2309, 2919, 2920, 3001, 3001.1, 4002, 7002, 7003, 7007 or 7010 of the 1994 Regulations.

Interpretation—general

4.  In these Regulations unless the context otherwise requires—

“the 1984 Act” means the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984;

“the 1988 Act” means the Road Traffic Act 1988;

“the 1981 Regulations” means the Traffic Signs Regulations 1981(9);

“the 1994 Regulations” means the Traffic Signs Regulations 1994;

“articulated vehicle” means a motor vehicle with a trailer so attached to it as to be partially superimposed upon it;

“automatic half-barrier level crossing” means a level crossing where barriers are installed to descend automatically across part of the road when a railway vehicle or tramcar approaches and the operation of the barriers is monitored remotely from the crossing;

“automatic barrier crossing (L)” means a level crossing where barriers are installed to descend automatically across part of the road when a railway vehicle or tramcar approaches and the driver of the railway vehicle or tramcar is required to monitor the operation of the barriers when the railway vehicle or tramcar is at or near the crossing;

“automatic open crossing (L)” means a level crossing without automatic barriers where light signals are so installed as to be operated automatically by a railway vehicle or tramcar approaching the crossing and the driver of the railway vehicle or tramcar is required to monitor the operation of the light signals when the railway vehicle or tramcar is at or near the crossing;

“automatic open crossing (R)” means a level crossing without automatic barriers where light signals are so installed as to be operated automatically by a railway vehicle or tramcar approaching the crossing and the operation of the light signals is monitored remotely from the crossing;

“automatic level crossing” means an automatic half-barrier level crossing, an automatic barrier crossing (L), an automatic open crossing (L) or an automatic open crossing (R);

“bus lane” has the meaning given in regulation 23;

“central reservation” means—

(a)

any land between the carriageways of a road comprising two carriageways; or

(b)

any permanent work (other than a traffic island) in the carriageway of a road,

which separates the carriageway or, as the case may be, the part of the carriageway which is to be used by traffic moving in one direction from the carriageway or part of the carriageway which is to be used (whether at all times or at particular times only) by traffic moving in the other direction;

“contra-flow” means a part of a carriageway of a road where—

(a)

traffic is authorised to proceed in the opposite direction to the usual direction of traffic on that part; or

(b)

a specified class of traffic is authorised to proceed in the opposite direction to other traffic on that carriageway;

“controlled parking zone” means either—

(a)

an area—

(i)

in which, except where parking places have been provided, every road has been marked with one or more of the road markings shown in diagrams 1017, 1018.1, 1019 and 1020.1; and

(ii)

into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by the sign shown in diagram 663 or 663.1; or

(b)

an area—

(i)

in which at least one of the signs shown in diagram 640.2A has been placed on each side of every road; and

(ii)

into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by the sign shown in diagram 665;

“cycle lane” means a part of the carriageway of a road which—

(a)

starts with the marking shown in diagram 1009; and

(b)

is separated from the rest of the carriageway—

(i)

if it may not be used by vehicles other than pedal cycles, by the marking shown in diagram 1049; or

(ii)

if it may be used by vehicles other than pedal cycles, by the marking shown in diagram 1004 or 1004.1;

“cycle track”, in relation to England and Wales, has the same meaning as in the Highways Act 1980(10) and, in relation to Scotland, as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(11);

“dual carriageway road” means a road which comprises a central reservation and “all-purpose dual carriageway road” means a dual carriageway road which is not a motorway;

EEA Agreement” means the Agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992 as adjusted by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993(12);

EEA Standard” means—

(a)

a standard or code of practice of a national standards body or equivalent body of any EEA State;

(b)

any international standard recognised for use as a standard or code of practice by any EEA State; or

(c)

a technical specification recognised for use as a standard by a public authority of any EEA State,

and a reference to a “corresponding EEA Standard”, in relation to a British or European Standard, is a reference to an EEA Standard which requires a level of performance equivalent to that required by the British or European Standard;

“EEA State” means a State which is a contracting Party to the EEA Agreement;

“enactment” includes any Act or subordinate legislation as defined in section 21(1) of the Interpretation Act 1978(13);

“equestrian crossing” means a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

where provision is made for equestrian traffic to cross the carriageway; and

(b)

whose presence is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

traffic light signals to control vehicular traffic of the kind prescribed by regulation 33;

(ii)

the signals shown in diagrams 4003.2 and 4003.3, or the signal shown in diagram 4003.4; and

(iii)

the road marking shown in diagram 1055.1 or 1055.2;

“ES compliant” in relation to signal heads shall be construed in accordance with regulation 33(5);

“excursion or tour” has the meaning given in section 137(1) of the Transport Act 1985(14);

“goods vehicle” means a motor vehicle or trailer constructed or adapted for use for the carriage or haulage of goods or burden of any description;

“hours of darkness” means the time between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise;

“junction” means a road junction;

“level crossing” means a place where a road is crossed by a railway or a tramway on a reserved track on the same level;

“local bus” means a public service vehicle used for the provision of a local service not being an excursion or tour;

“local service” has the meaning given in section 2 of the Transport Act 1985;

“major road” means the road at a junction into which there emerges vehicular traffic from a minor road;

“manually operated” means a change from one sign to another or one signal aspect to another set in process by an operator;

“maximum gross weight” means—

(a)

in the case of a motor vehicle not drawing a trailer or in the case of a trailer, its maximum laden weight;

(b)

in the case of an articulated vehicle, its maximum laden weight (if it has one) and otherwise the aggregate maximum laden weight of all the individual vehicles forming part of that articulated vehicle; and

(c)

in the case of a motor vehicle (other than an articulated vehicle) drawing one or more trailers, the aggregate maximum laden weight of the motor vehicle and the trailer or trailers drawn by it;

“maximum laden weight” in relation to a vehicle (including a vehicle which is a trailer) means—

(a)

in the case of a vehicle as respects which a gross weight not to be exceeded in Great Britain is specified in construction and use requirements (as defined by section 41(8) of the 1988 Act), the weight so specified;

(b)

in the case of a vehicle as respects which no such weight is so specified, the weight which the vehicle is designed or adapted not to exceed when in normal use and travelling on a road laden;

“minor road” means a road on which, at its junction with another road, there is placed the sign shown in diagram 601.1 or 602 or the road marking shown in diagram 1003;

“mobile road works” means works on a road carried out by or from a vehicle or vehicles which move slowly along the road or which stop briefly from time to time along that road;

“motorway” means a special road which—

(a)

in England or Wales (save as otherwise provided by or under regulations made under, or having effect as if made under, section 17 of the 1984 Act(15)) can be used by traffic only of Class I or II as specified in Schedule 4 to the Highways Act 1980(16); or

(b)

in Scotland can be used by traffic only of Class I or Class II as specified in Schedule 3 to the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

mph” means miles per hour;

“non-primary route” means a route, not being a primary route or a motorway or part of a primary route or of a motorway;

“passenger vehicle” means a vehicle constructed or adapted for the carriage of passengers and their effects;

“pedal cycle” means a unicycle, bicycle, tricycle, or cycle having four or more wheels, not being in any case mechanically propelled unless it is an electrically assisted pedal cycle of such class as is to be treated as not being a motor vehicle for the purposes of the 1984 Act(17);

“pedestrian zone” means an area—

(a)

which has been laid out to improve amenity for pedestrians; and

(b)

to which the entry of vehicles is prohibited or restricted;

“plate” means a sign which by virtue of general directions given in exercise of the power conferred by section 65 of the 1984 Act may be placed only in combination or in conjunction with another sign and which is supplementary to that other sign;

“police vehicle” means a vehicle being used for police purposes or operating under the instructions of a chief officer of police;

“primary route” means a route, not being a route comprising any part of a motorway, in respect of which the Secretary of State—

(a)

in the case of a trunk road is of the opinion, and

(b)

in any other case after consultation with the traffic authority for the road comprised in the route is of the opinion,

that it provides the most satisfactory route for through traffic between places of traffic importance;

“primary signals” has the meaning given by regulation 43(5)(a);

“principal road” means a road for the time being classified as a principal road—

(a)

by virtue of section 12 of the Highways Act 1980 (whether as falling within subsection (1) or classified under subsection (3)), or

(b)

by the Secretary of State under section 11(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

“public service vehicle” has the meaning given in section 1 of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981(18);

“reflectorised” means illuminated by the use of retroreflecting material;

“retroreflecting material” means material which reflects a ray of light back towards the source of that light;

“road maintenance vehicle” means a vehicle which—

(a)

in England and Wales is specially designed or adapted for use on a road by or on behalf of a highway authority for the purposes of the Highways Act 1980 for the purposes of road maintenance; or

(b)

in Scotland is specially designed or adapted for use on a road by or on behalf of a roads authority for the purposes of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 for the purposes of road maintenance;

“road marking” means a traffic sign consisting of a line or mark or legend on a road;

“road works” means works for the improvement, alteration or maintenance of a road and includes, in relation to England and Wales, street works as defined by section 48(3) of the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 and, in relation to Scotland, road works as defined by section 107(3) of that Act;

“route” includes any road comprised in a route;

“school crossing place” means a place in a road where children cross or seek to cross that road on their way to or from school or on their way from one part of a school to another;

“secondary signals” has the meaning given by regulation 43;

“sign” means a traffic sign;

“signal-controlled crossing facility” means—

(a)

an equestrian crossing;

(b)

a signal-controlled pedestrian facility; or

(c)

a Toucan crossing;

“signal-controlled pedestrian facility” means a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

which is not a “crossing” as defined by section 25(6) of the 1984 Act;

(b)

where provision is made for pedestrians to cross the carriageway; and

(c)

whose presence is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

traffic light signals to control vehicular traffic of the kind prescribed by regulation 33;

(ii)

the signals shown in diagrams 4002.1 and 4003, or the signal shown in diagram 4003.1; and

(iii)

the road marking shown in diagram 1055.1 or 1055.2;

“single carriageway road” means a road which is not a dual carriageway road;

“solo motor cycle” means a motor cycle without a side car and having two wheels;

“stop line” in relation to light signals for the control of vehicular traffic has the meaning given in regulation 43;

“stud” means a prefabricated device fixed or embedded as a mark in the carriageway of a road;

“taxi” means—

(a)

in England and Wales, a vehicle licensed under—

(i)

section 37 of the Town Police Clauses Act 1847(19); or

(ii)

section 6 of the Metropolitan Public Carriage Act 1869(20);

or under any similar enactment; and

(b)

in Scotland, a taxi licensed under section 10 of the Civic Government (Scotland) Act 1982(21);

“taxi rank” means an area of carriageway reserved for use by taxis waiting to pick up passengers;

“telecommunications apparatus” has the meaning given by paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 2 to the Telecommunications Act 1984(22);

“temporary statutory provision” means—

(a)

a provision having effect under section 9 (experimental traffic orders) or section 14 (temporary restriction of traffic on roads) of the 1984 Act or under a provision referred to in section 66 (traffic signs for giving effect to local traffic regulations) of that Act;

(b)

a prohibition, restriction or requirement indicated by a traffic sign placed pursuant to section 67 (emergencies and temporary obstructions) of the 1984 Act(23); or

(c)

a provision having effect under section 62 (temporary prohibition or restriction of traffic etc. on roads for reasons of safety or public convenience) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

“terminal sign” means a sign placed in accordance with direction 8 or 9 of the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002(24);

“Toucan crossing” means a place on the carriageway of a road—

(a)

where provision is made for both pedestrians and pedal cyclists to cross the carriageway; and

(b)

whose presence is indicated by a combination of—

(i)

traffic light signals to control vehicular traffic of the kind prescribed by regulation 33;

(ii)

the signals shown in diagrams 4003.5 and 4003.6, or the signal shown in diagram 4003.7; and

(iii)

the road marking shown in diagram 1055.1 or 1055.2;

“tourist destination” means a permanently established attraction or facility which—

(a)

attracts or is used by visitors to an area;

(b)

is open to the public without prior booking during its normal opening hours;

(c)

if located in Scotland, is recognised by VisitScotland; and

(d)

if located in Wales, is recognised by the Wales Tourist Board;

Tourist Information Centre” means a staffed information service centre recognised and supported by the English or Wales Tourist Board or by VisitScotland;

Tourist Information Point” means a display of tourist information approved by a regional, area or local tourist board;

“traffic calming features” means—

(a)

road humps constructed pursuant to section 90A of the Highways Act 1980(25) (“the 1980 Act”) or section 36 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(26) (“the Scotland 1984 Act”) and in accordance with the Highways (Road Humps) Regulations 1999(27) or the Road Humps (Scotland) Regulations 1998(28); or

(b)

traffic calming works constructed in accordance with section 90G of the 1980 Act(29) or section 39A of the Scotland 1984 Act(30) and in accordance with the Highways (Traffic Calming) Regulations 1999(31) or the Roads (Traffic Calming) (Scotland) Regulations 1994(32);

“traffic lane” means, in relation to a road, a part of the carriageway having, as a boundary which separates it from another such part, a road marking of the type shown in diagram 1004, 1004.1, 1005, 1005.1, 1008, 1008.1, 1010, 1013.1, 1013.3, 1013.4, 1040, 1040.2, 1041, 1041.1, 1042, 1042.1 or 1049;

“tramcar” has the meaning given in section 141A(4) of the 1984 Act(33);

“trolley vehicle” has the meaning given in section 141A(4) of the 1984 Act;

“trunk road” as respects England and Wales has the meaning given in section 329(1) of the Highways Act 1980 and as respects Scotland in section 151(1) of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;

“unladen vehicle” has the meaning given in Schedule 18;

“variable message sign” has the meaning given in regulation 58(1);

“with-flow lane” means a traffic lane reserved for a specified class of traffic proceeding in the same direction as general traffic in an adjoining traffic lane;

“Zebra crossing” has the meaning given by regulation 3(1) of the Zebra, Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossings Regulations 1997(34); and

“zig-zag line” means a road marking of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 1001.3 which has been placed along a length of carriageway adjacent to a signal-controlled crossing facility.

Interpretation of speed limit

5.—(1) In these Regulations “speed limit” means a maximum or minimum limit of speed on the driving of vehicles on a road—

(a)imposed by an order under section 14 of the 1984 Act (temporary prohibition or restriction of traffic on roads);

(b)imposed by an order under section 16A of the 1984 Act(35) (special events);

(c)imposed by regulations under section 17 of the 1984 Act (traffic regulation on special roads);

(d)arising by virtue of the road being restricted for the purposes of section 81 of the 1984 Act (general speed limit for restricted roads);

(e)imposed by an order under section 84 of the 1984 Act (speed limits on roads other than restricted roads);

(f)imposed by an order under section 88 of the 1984 Act (temporary speed limits); or

(g)imposed by or under a local Act,

and “maximum speed limit” and “minimum speed limit” shall be construed accordingly.

(2) In these Regulations “national speed limit” means any prohibition imposed on a road by the 70 miles per hour, 60 miles per hour and 50 miles per hour (Temporary Speed Limit) Order 1977(36) or by regulation 3 of the Motorways (Speed Limits) Regulations 1974(37).

Interpretation of references

6.  In these Regulations, unless it is expressly provided otherwise or the context otherwise requires—

(a)a reference to a numbered regulation is a reference to the regulation so numbered in these Regulations;

(b)a reference to a numbered paragraph is a reference to the paragraph so numbered in the regulation or Schedule in which the reference occurs;

(c)a reference to a sub-paragraph followed by a number or letter is a reference to the sub-paragraph bearing that number or letter in the paragraph in which the reference occurs;

(d)a reference to a numbered diagram is a reference to the diagram so numbered in a Schedule to these Regulations;

(e)a reference to a sign, signal, signals or road marking prescribed by a regulation or shown in a diagram in a Schedule to these Regulations means a sign, signal, signals or road marking of the size, colour and type—

(i)prescribed by that regulation and shown in any diagram to which that regulation refers; or as the case may be

(ii)shown in that diagram and prescribed by these Regulations,

and in either case includes a reference to that sign, signal, signals or road marking as varied in accordance with these Regulations;

(f)a reference to the information, warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit conveyed by a sign, signal, signals or road marking prescribed by a regulation or shown in a diagram includes a reference to that information, warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit, however expressed, as varied to accord with any variation of the sign, signal, signals or road marking made in accordance with these Regulations; and

(g)in any provision which includes a table, references to a table or to a numbered table are to the table or as the case may be to the table so numbered in that provision.

Interpretation of Schedules 1 to 12

7.—(1) In any untitled table under or beside any diagram (in this paragraph referred to as “the diagram”) in Schedules 1 to 12—

(a)in item 1 any regulations which are specified are regulations in these Regulations in which a specific reference is made to the diagram, to a regulation or Schedule which refers to the diagram or to a symbol which appears in the diagram or a variant of the diagram;

(b)in item 2 any directions which are specified are directions in the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002(38) containing a reference to the particular diagram or to a regulation or Schedule which refers to the diagram;

(c)in item 3 any diagrams which are specified are diagrams in the Schedules to these Regulations which show signs which may or must be placed in conjunction or in combination with the sign shown in the diagram;

(d)in item 4 any item which is specified is an item in Schedule 16 which specifies permitted variants to the diagram; and

(e)in item 5 any item which is specified is an item in Schedule 17 which specifies the illumination requirements for the sign shown in the diagram.

(2) The table entitled “Table of combinations” under or beside any diagram in Part III of Schedule 12 indicates the manner in which the sign shown in that diagram may be varied in accordance with paragraphs (7) to (9) of regulation 17.

(3) Dimensions indicated on any diagram shown in Schedules 1 to 12 are expressed in millimetres unless otherwise specified.

SECTION 2GENERAL PROVISIONS

Authorisations

8.  Nothing in these Regulations shall be taken to limit the powers of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers and the National Assembly for Wales under section 64(1) and (2) of the 1984 Act(39) to authorise the erection or retention of traffic signs of a character not prescribed by these Regulations.

Temporary obstructions

9.  Nothing in these Regulations shall have effect so as to authorise any persons not otherwise authorised to do so to place on or near a road any object or device for warning traffic of a temporary obstruction.

Application of section 36 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 to signs and disqualification for offences

10.—(1) Section 36 of the 1988 Act shall apply to each of the following signs—

(a)the signs shown in diagrams 601.1, 602, 606, 609, 610, 611.1, 615, 616, 626.2A, 629.2, 629.2A, 784.1, 953, 953.1, 7023, 7029 (except when varied to omit the legend “NO OVERTAKING”), 7031 and 7403;

(b)the road marking shown in diagram 1001.3;

(c)the road marking shown in diagram 1003;

(d)the road markings shown in diagrams 1013.1, 1013.3 and 1013.4 insofar as those markings convey the requirements specified in regulation 26;

(e)the road markings shown in diagrams 1025.1, 1025.3 and 1025.4 insofar as those markings convey the prohibition specified by regulation 29(1) and Part I of Schedule 19;

(f)the road markings shown in diagrams 1042, 1042.1, 1043, 1044 and 1045;

(g)the red light signal when displayed by the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 or by regulation 35;

(h)the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 as varied in accordance with regulation 34 when they are displaying one or more of the green arrow signals shown in diagrams 3001.2 or 3001.3 insofar as they convey any of the restrictions specified in regulation 36(1)(f) or (g);

(i)the light signal shown in diagram 3013.1;

(j)the intermittent red light signals when displayed by the sign shown in diagram 3014; and

(k)the light signals prescribed by regulation 37 and shown in diagrams 6031.1 and 6032.1 when indicating one of the prohibitions prescribed by regulation 38.

(2) The following signs are hereby specified for the purposes of column 5 of the entry in Schedule 2 to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988(40) relating to offences under section 36 of the 1988 Act—

(a)the signs shown in diagrams 601.1, 616, 629.2, 629.2A and 784.1;

(b)the road marking shown in diagram 1001.3;

(c)the road markings shown in diagram 1013.1, 1013.3 or 1013.4 insofar as those markings convey the requirements specified in regulation 26;

(d)the red light signal when displayed by the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 or by regulation 35;

(e)the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 as varied in accordance with regulation 34 when they are displaying one or more of the green arrow signals shown in diagrams 3001.2 or 3001.3 insofar as they convey any of the restrictions specified in regulation 36(1)(f) or (g);

(f)the intermittent red light signals when displayed by the sign shown in diagram 3014; and

(g)the light signals prescribed by regulation 37 and shown in diagrams 6031.1 and 6032.1 when indicating one of the prohibitions prescribed by regulation 38.

Signs, markings and signals to be of the size, colour and type shown in the diagrams

11.—(1) Subject to the provisions of these Regulations, a sign for conveying information or a warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit of the description specified under a diagram in Schedules 1 to 7, Part II of Schedule 10 and Schedule 12 to traffic on roads shall be of the size, colour and type shown in the diagram.

(2) The signs shown in diagrams 515.1, 515.1A, 515.2, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1049.1 and 7102 shall be of the size, colour and type shown in the two parts of those diagrams.

(3) In Schedule 6, a road marking shown in a diagram as a horizontal line indicates a marking to be laid on the carriageway of a road transversely, and a marking shown as a vertical line indicates a marking to be laid on the carriageway of a road longitudinally, to the flow of traffic, except so far as the nature of the diagram or the caption to the diagram indicates that it may or should be laid in another direction.

(4) The road markings shown in diagrams 1055.1 and 1055.2 shall be white, silver or light grey in colour.

Variations of dimensions

12.—(1) Where any diagram in Schedules 1 to 12 specifies a dimension for an element of a sign together with a dimension for that element in brackets, the dimensions so specified shall, subject to paragraph (2), be alternatives.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), where alternative dimensions are specified for more than one element of a sign, the dimensions chosen for each element must correspond with one another so that the shape and proportions of the sign are, so far as reasonably practicable, as shown in the diagram.

(3) Paragraph (2) does not apply to the road marking shown in diagram 1009 and the respective lengths of the lines comprised in that sign and of the gaps between them may be either—

(a)600 and 300 millimetres, in which case the width of the lines may be 100, 150 or 200 millimetres; or

(b)300 and 150 millimetres, in which case the width of the lines shall be 100 millimetres.

(4) Paragraph (2) does not apply to the road markings shown in diagrams 1001.2, 1013.3, 1013.4, 1040, 1040.2, 1040.4, 1041 and 1041.1.

(5) Where any diagram in Schedules 1 to 12 specifies a maximum and a minimum dimension for an element of a sign, the dimension chosen for that element shall, subject to the footnote to Table 1, be not more than the maximum and not less than the minimum.

(6) Where the maximum and minimum dimensions are specified for more than one element of a sign, the dimensions chosen for each element must (except in the case of diagrams 1003.4, 1028.2, 1028.3, 1028.4, 1032, 1033, 1043, 1044, 1045, 1050, 1055.1, 1055.2, 1066, 5001.1, 5001.2, 5003, 5003.1, 5005 and 5005.1) correspond with one another so that the shape and proportions of the sign are as shown in the diagram.

(7) Where a sign shown in diagram 606, 607, 609, 610, 611, 611.1, 612, 613, 614, 616, 642 or 645 is placed temporarily on a road by a constable or a person acting under the instructions (whether general or specific) of the chief officer of police for the purposes of indicating a temporary statutory provision, any dimension in the diagram for the diameter of a roundel, or for the sign may be reduced so long as any dimension shown in the diagram for the diameter of a roundel or for the measurement horizontally of the sign is at least 200 millimetres, and the height of any lettering is at least 20 millimetres.

(8) Where a sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5 or Schedules 7 to 12 is varied in accordance with regulation 17, the shape, proportions and size of the sign shall be adjusted to the extent necessary to accommodate the variation.

(9) Any sign shown in a diagram in Part III of Schedule 12 shall be of such dimensions as, having regard to the character of the road and the speed of traffic generally using it, are necessary to accommodate the route symbols or arrows appropriate to the number of traffic lanes and the nature of the road works in relation to which the sign is placed.

(10) Any dimension (not being an angle or specified as a maximum or minimum) specified in these Regulations shall be treated as permitted by these Regulations if it is varied in accordance with the following Tables, subject, in the case of Tables 1, 2 and 3 to the Notes to those Tables.

Table 1
Diagrams in Schedules 1 to 5, 7, 10 and 12—Height of letters or numbers
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDimensions shown in diagramsPermitted variations
NOTE: Where the height of letters or numbers is expressed as a range within maximum and minimum dimensions the permitted variations indicated in this Table shall apply to those dimensions shown as the maximum and minimum.
1.100 millimetres or moreUp to 5% of the dimension
2.Less than 100 millimetresUp to 7.5% of the dimension
Table 2
Diagrams in Schedule 6—All dimensions
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDimensions shown in diagramsPermitted variations
NOTE: Where a dimension denoting the length or width of a road marking is varied in accordance with this Table, and there is a space between two parts of the marking, the dimensions of that space may be varied as required to accommodate the variation of the length or width of the marking, provided that the character of the marking is maintained.
1.3 metres or more

(i)Up to 15% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii)Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

2.300 millimetres or more, but less than 3 metres

(i)Up to 20% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii)Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

3.50 millimetres or more but less than 300 millimetres

(i)Up to 30% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension; or

(ii)Up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

Table 3
Diagrams in Schedules 8 and 9
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDimension shown in diagramsPermitted variation
NOTE: Where the dimensions of a signal which displays an arrow or symbol are varied in accordance with this table, the dimensions chosen for the arrow or symbol must be such as to maintain the shape and proportions shown in the diagram in which the signal is shown.
1.200 millimetres

(i)up to 10% of the dimension where the varied dimension is greater than the specified dimension

(ii)up to 2.5% of the dimension where the varied dimension is less than the specified dimension

Table 4
All dimensions other than those in Tables 1, 2 and 3
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDimensions shown in diagramsPermitted variations
1.300 millimetres or moreUp to 5% of the dimension
2.50 millimetres or more, but less than 300 millimetresUp to 7.5% of the dimension
3.Less than 50 millimetresUp to 10% of the dimension

(11) Any variation of any angle specified in any diagram in Schedule 1, 6 or 8, except diagrams 1043 and 1044, shall be treated as permitted by these Regulations if the variation does not exceed 5 degrees.

(12) Where—

(a)overall dimensions are given for a sign shown in any diagram in the Schedules to these Regulations; and

(b)the legend on that sign is varied in accordance with regulation 17 and with item 4 of the table appearing under or beside that diagram,

the overall dimensions or the number of lines filled by the legend, or both, may be varied so far as necessary to give effect to the variation of the legend.

Proportions and form of letters, numerals, symbols and other characters

13.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2), (5), (6) and (9) all letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in the signs or parts of the signs shown in the diagrams in Schedules 1 to 5 and 7, Part II of Schedule 10 and Schedule 12 which have a red, blue, brown, black or green background shall have the proportions and form shown in Part I of Schedule 13.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to the letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in—

(a)the bottom panel of diagram 674;

(b)diagrams 970, 971, 973.2, 973.3, 2401 and 2403.1;

(c)the parts of diagrams 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512 and 2513 which indicate the availability of parking places in accordance with regulation 19(4)(c);

(d)diagrams 2607, 2610, 2610.1 and 2610.2;

(e)the top panels of diagrams 2919.1 and 2920.1;

(f)the petrol price display in diagram 2919.1;

(g)the reference to the traffic authority in diagrams 7003.1, 7006, 7006.1 and 7007.1;

(h)the top and bottom panels of diagram 7008; and

(i)the words “National Trust for Scotland” used in conjunction with the symbol shown in diagram T303 in Part IV of Schedule 14.

(3) Subject to paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (8) and (9) all letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in the signs or the parts of signs shown in the diagrams in Schedules 1 to 5, 7, 10 and 12 which have a white, yellow or orange background shall have the proportions and form shown in Part II of Schedule 13.

(4) Paragraph (3) does not apply to the letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in—

(a)the bottom panel of diagram 674;

(b)diagrams 970, 971, 973.2, 973.3, 2401 and 2403.1;

(c)diagrams 2607, 2610, 2610.1 and 2610.2;

(d)the top panels of diagrams 2919.1 and 2920.1;

(e)the references to the traffic authority in diagrams 7003.1, 7006, 7006.1 and 7007.1; and

(f)the top and bottom panels of diagram 7008.

(5) Letters and numerals used for the purpose of indicating a route number on any sign shown in a diagram in Part X of Schedule 7 (other than those incorporated in diagrams 2913, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2915, 2927.1, 2929 and 2929.1) shall have the proportions and form shown in Part III of Schedule 13, except—

(a)where a route number is indicated in brackets on a sign shown in diagram 2904, 2904.1, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2913.1 or 2914.1; or

(b)where a route number is shown on a green or white panel indicating a route that is not a motorway on a sign shown in diagram 2913.1 or 2914.1,

in either of which cases those letters and numerals shall have the proportions and form shown in either Part I or Part III of Schedule 13 as appropriate.

(6) Letters and numerals used for the purpose of indicating a route number on any sign shown in a diagram in Part III of Schedule 12 when used on a motorway shall have the proportions and form shown in Part IV of Schedule 13.

(7) Subject to and within the limits of any dimension specified as a maximum or minimum in—

(a)the bottom panel of diagram 674;

(b)diagrams 970, 971, 973.2, 973.3, 2401 and 2403.1;

(c)the parts of diagrams 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512 and 2513 which indicate the availability of spaces in accordance with regulation 19(4)(c);

(d)diagrams 2607, 2610, 2610.1 and 2610.2;

(e)the top panels of diagrams 2919.1 and 2920.1;

(f)the petrol price display in diagram 2919.1;

(g)the references to the traffic authority in diagrams 7003.1, 7006, 7006.1 and 7007.1;

(h)the top and bottom panels of diagram 7008; and

(i)the words “National Trust for Scotland” used in conjunction with the symbol shown in diagram T303 in Part IV of Schedule 14,

any letters or numerals or other characters incorporated in those diagrams may have proportions and form other than the proportions and form shown in Schedule 13.

(8) Letters and numerals used on a sign in diagram 2714 or 2715 shall have the proportions and form shown in Part I of Schedule 13 where those letters and numerals are white and the proportions and form shown in Part II of Schedule 13 where they are black.

(9) All letters, numerals, symbols and other characters incorporated in variable message signs shall have the general proportions and form shown in Part V of Schedule 13 where the construction or method of operation of the sign does not permit the use of letters, numerals and other characters of the proportions and form shown in Part I, II, III or IV of Schedule 13 or of symbols shown in diagrams in Schedules 1 to 5, 10 or 12.

(10) All letters, numerals and other characters incorporated in the road markings shown in the diagrams in Schedule 6 shall have the proportions and form shown in Part VI of Schedule 13.

(11) Symbols incorporated in signs for the purpose of indicating diversion routes to be followed in an emergency shall have the proportions and form shown in Part VII of Schedule 13.

(12) Symbols incorporated in signs for the purpose of indicating types of tourist destination shall have the proportions and form shown in Schedule 14.

Signs attached to vehicles

14.—(1) Any sign attached to a vehicle of the description specified in column (2) of an item in the Table and in the position on that vehicle specified in column (3) of the item, when the vehicle is on a road which is subject to a maximum speed limit specified in column (4) of that item, shall be of the size, colour and type shown in a diagram specified in column (5).

Table
(1)(2)(3)(4)(5)
ItemDescription of vehiclePosition on vehicleMaximum speed limitDiagrams
1.Road maintenance vehicleOn the front30 mph or under610, 7001, 7001.1
2.Road maintenance vehicleOn the rear30 mph or under610, 7001, 7001.1, 7402, 7403, 7404
3.Road maintenance vehicleOn the rearMore than 30 mph7402, 7403, 7404
4.Road maintenance vehicle immediately ahead of a vehicle displaying the sign shown in diagram 7403On the rearMore than 30 mph610, 7402, 7403, 7404
5.Police vehicleOn the front or the rear70 mph or under829.1, 829.2, 829.3, 829.4

(2) The operating requirements for the lamps that form part of the signs shown in diagrams 7402 and 7403 are that—

(a)the lamps shall be illuminated only when the signs are being used in accordance with the Table; and

(b)each lamp shall show an intermittent amber light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute, and in such a manner that the lights of one horizontal pair are always shown when the lights of the other horizontal pair are not shown.

(3) A sign attached to the rear of a vehicle used to escort traffic through road works, and indicating that the vehicle should not be overtaken, shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 7029.

SECTION 3WARNING, REGULATORY AND INFORMATORY TRAFFIC SIGNS

Sign shown in diagram 610 and its significance

15.—(1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the requirement conveyed by the sign shown in diagram 610 shall be that vehicular traffic passing the sign must keep to the left of the sign where the arrow is pointed downwards to the left, or to the right of the sign where the arrow is pointed downwards to the right.

(2) On an occasion where a vehicle is being used for fire brigade, ambulance, bomb or explosive disposal, national blood service or police purposes and the observance of the requirement specified in paragraph (1) would be likely to hinder the use of that vehicle for one of those purposes then, instead of that requirement, the requirement conveyed by the sign in question shall be that the vehicle shall not proceed beyond that sign in such a manner or at such a time as to be likely to endanger any person.

(3) The requirement specified in paragraph (1) does not apply to a tramcar or trolley vehicle.

Signs shown in diagrams 601.1, 602, 611.1, 778, 778.1 and 784.1 and their significance

16.—(1) The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by the sign shown in a diagram the number of which is specified in column (2) of an item in the Table are those specified in column (3) of that item.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDiagramRequirements
1.601.1

(a)Every vehicle shall stop before crossing the transverse line shown in diagram 1002.1 or, if that line is not clearly visible, before entering the major road in respect of which the sign shown in diagram 601.1 has been provided; and

(b)no vehicle shall cross the transverse line shown in diagram 1002.1 or, if that line is not clearly visible, enter the major road in respect of which the sign shown in diagram 601.1 has been provided, so as to be likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in any other vehicle or to cause that driver to change the speed or course of his vehicle in order to avoid an accident.

2.601.1 when used at a level crossing

(a)Every vehicle shall stop before crossing the transverse line shown in diagram 1002.1 or, if that line is not clearly visible, before entering the level crossing; and

(b)no vehicle shall cross the transverse line shown in diagram 1002.1 or, if that line is not clearly visible, enter the level crossing, so as to be likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in any railway vehicle or tramcar or to cause that driver to change the speed of his vehicle in order to avoid an accident.

3.602No vehicle shall cross the transverse line shown in diagram 1003 nearer to the major road at the side of which that line is placed, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter that major road, so as to be likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in any other vehicle or to cause that driver to change the speed or course of his vehicle in order to avoid an accident.
4.602 when placed in combination with 778 or 778.1No vehicle shall cross the transverse line shown in diagram 1003 nearer to the level crossing at the side of which that line is placed, or if that line is not clearly visible, enter that level crossing, so as to be likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in any railway vehicle or tramcar or to cause that driver to change the speed of his vehicle in order to avoid an accident.
5.611.1

(a)A vehicle entering the junction must give priority to vehicles coming from the right at the transverse road marking shown in diagram 1003.3 associated with the sign or, if the marking is not for the time being visible, at the junction; and

(b)a vehicle proceeding through the junction must keep to the left of the white circle at the centre of the marking shown in diagram 1003.4, unless the size of the vehicle or the layout of the junction makes it impracticable to do so; and

(c)no vehicle shall proceed past the marking shown in diagram 1003.4 in a manner or at a time likely—

(i)to endanger any person, or

(ii)to cause the driver of another vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

6.784.1

No abnormal transport unit shall proceed onto or over a level crossing unless—

(a)

the driver of the unit has used a telephone provided at or near the crossing for the purpose of obtaining from a person, authorised in that behalf by the railway or tramway authority, permission for the unit to proceed;

(b)

that permission has been obtained before the unit proceeds; and

(c)

the unit proceeds in accordance with any terms attached to that permission.

Sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) above shall not apply if—

(i)

the driver uses the telephone at the crossing and receives an indication for not less than two minutes that the telephone at the other end of the telephone line is being called, but no duly authorised person answers it, or he receives no indication at all due to a fault or malfunction of the telephone; and

(ii)

the driver then drives the unit on to the crossing with the reasonable expectation of crossing it within times specified in a railway or tramway notice at the telephone as being times between which the railway vehicles or tramcars do not normally travel over that crossing.

(2) In this regulation—

  • “abnormal transport unit” means—

    (a)

    a motor vehicle or a vehicle combination—

    (i)

    the overall length of which, inclusive of the load (if any) on the vehicle or the combination, exceeds 61 feet 6 inches (18.75 metres); or

    (ii)

    the overall width of which, inclusive of the load (if any) on the vehicle or the combination, exceeds 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 metres); or

    (iii)

    the maximum gross weight of which exceeds 44 tonnes; or

    (b)

    a motor vehicle, or a vehicle combination, which in either case is incapable of proceeding, or is unlikely to proceed, over an automatic level crossing at a speed exceeding 5 mph;

  • “driver” in relation to an abnormal transport unit, means where that unit is a single motor vehicle the driver of that vehicle and, where that unit is a vehicle combination, the driver of the only or the foremost motor vehicle forming part of that combination; and

  • “vehicle combination” means a combination of vehicles made up of one or more motor vehicles and one or more trailers all of which are linked together when travelling.

Permitted variants of upright signs

17.—(1) This regulation applies to a sign shown in a diagram in a Schedule other than Schedule 6 and such a sign is in this regulation called an “upright sign”.

(2) The form of an upright sign shall, if the circumstances in which it is placed so require, or may, if appropriate in those circumstances, be varied—

(a)in the manner (if any) allowed or required in item 4 of the untitled table below or beside the diagram; or

(b)in the manner allowed or required in column (3) of an item in Schedule 16, if the diagram is one whose number is given in column (2) of that item.

(3) A symbol in the form of a prescribed sign to which direction 7 of the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002 applies shall not be incorporated in a sign in accordance with item 31 of Schedule 16, except in circumstances where it could be placed as a sign in accordance with that direction.

(4) A symbol incorporated as mentioned in paragraph (3) shall or may be varied in the same manner as the sign which the symbol represents or from which it is derived.

(5) In each of the signs shown in diagrams 780A, 780.1A and 780.2A the safe height shown on the sign shall be varied where necessary so that it is between 1 foot 3 inches and 2 feet (380 to 600 millimetres) less than the height of the lowest part of the overhead wire, of which the sign gives warning, over the highest part of the surface of the carriageway beneath that wire.

(6) Where a sign shown in a diagram in Schedule 7 indicates a road or a route, and that road or route is temporarily closed, there may be affixed to the sign or to that part of the sign where that road or route is indicated, in order to cancel temporarily the indication, a board coloured red and displaying in white lettering the words “Road temporarily closed” or “Route temporarily closed”.

(7) In this paragraph and paragraphs (8) and (9)—

(a)“combination sign” means a sign shown in diagram 7201, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7221, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7236, 7237, 7238, 7239 or 7240;

(b)“panel” means a sign shown in diagram 7260, 7261, 7262, 7263, 7264, 7270, 7271, 7272, 7274 or 7275 when used as part of a combination sign and references to a panel whose number is shown in a table of combinations are to a sign shown in a diagram having a number so shown;

(c)“permitted combination” means one of the combinations specified in paragraph (9);

(d)“the table” in relation to a combination sign means the table of combinations appearing below or beside the diagram in which that sign is shown;

(e)“top panel” means a panel shown at the top of a combination sign and “bottom panel” means a panel shown at the bottom of such a sign.

(8) If and only if the top and bottom panels of the sign as varied together constitute a permitted combination, a combination sign may be varied in the following ways—

(a)by substituting for the top panel or, where a top panel is not shown, by adding as a top panel, a panel whose number is shown in item (1) of the table;

(b)by substituting for the bottom panel or, where a bottom panel is not shown, by adding as a bottom panel, a panel whose number is shown in item (2) of the table;

(c)if the word “none” appears in item (1) of the table, by omitting the top panel;

(d)if the word “none” appears in item (2) of the table, by omitting the bottom panel.

(9) Each of the following is a permitted combination—

(a)a top panel whose number appears in item (1) of a column in the table and a bottom panel whose number appears in item (2) of the same column;

(b)a top panel whose number appears in item (1) of a column in the table and, if the word “none” appears in item (2) of the same column, no bottom panel;

(c)a bottom panel whose number appears in item (2) of a column in the table and, if the word “none” appears in item (1) of the same column, no top panel;

(d)if the word “none” appears in both items of the same column of the table, no top panel and no bottom panel.

(10) Where an upright sign indicates a weight in tonnes using the symbol “T”, that symbol may be varied to “t”.

(11) Where the form of an upright sign is varied in accordance with these Regulations, the information, warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit conveyed to traffic by the sign is varied to accord with the form of the sign as varied.

Illumination of signs

18.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), every sign shown in a diagram whose number is indicated in column (2) of an item in Schedule 17 shall be illuminated in the manner and at the times specified in column (3) of that item.

(2) Where a sign shown in a diagram whose number is indicated in column (2) of an item in Schedule 17 is placed for the purpose of conveying to vehicular traffic a warning, information, prohibition, restriction or requirement which applies only at certain times, the sign need only be illuminated, and in the case of the sign shown in diagram 776 shall only be illuminated, in accordance with that Schedule at those times.

(3) Where a sign shown in a diagram whose number is indicated in column (2) of an item in Schedule 17 is illuminated by a means of external lighting, then that means of lighting—

(a)shall be fitted to the sign or the structure on which the sign is mounted or which is otherwise specially provided; or

(b)if the sign is mounted on a bridge, tunnel or similar structure over a road or is provided temporarily at road works, the means of lighting may be mounted in any other manner such as to illuminate the face of the sign effectively.

Illumination of signs—further provisions

19.—(1) Nothing in this regulation shall apply to the signs shown in diagrams 560, 561, 776 and 781.

(2) Subject to the provisions of regulation 18 and paragraph (1), any sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5 and 7, Part II of Schedule 10 and Schedule 12—

(a)when placed in consequence of the execution of road works must, and

(b)in other situations may,

be reflectorised in accordance with the following provisions of this regulation.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4), where retroreflecting material is used on any part of a sign shown in a diagram, all other parts of that sign shall also be reflectorised.

(4) No retroreflecting material shall be applied to—

(a)any part of a sign coloured black;

(b)that part of the sign shown in diagram 7031 which is coloured fluorescent yellow, unless the retroreflecting material is applied to that part in horizontal strips with a gap between each strip, or unless the retroreflecting material is itself also fluorescent;

(c)those parts of the signs shown in diagrams 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, and 2513 which give information about the availability of parking places when that information is conveyed by means of a legend which is internally illuminated or formed of light-emitting characters,

and in this paragraph the word “part”, in relation to a sign, means any part of that sign which is uniformly coloured and bounded by parts of a different colour.

Illumination of plates

20.—(1) Where a plate is placed in combination with a sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5 or 12, and that sign is illuminated in accordance with regulation 18, the plate shall, subject to paragraph (2), be illuminated by the same means as the sign.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply where the means of lighting provided for the illumination of the sign adequately illuminates the plate.

Illumination of signs shown in diagrams 560 and 561

21.—(1) The signs shown in diagrams 560 and 561 shall not be illuminated by the fitting of a means of internal or external lighting.

(2) A sign shown in a diagram whose number appears in column (2) of an item in the Table and having the dimension specified in column (3) of that item shall be illuminated by either of the methods prescribed by paragraph (3) which are shown in column (4) of the item, and by no other method.

Table
(1)(2)(3)(4)
ItemDiagramDimensionMethod of illumination
1.560150 millimetres diameterParagraph 3(a) or (b)
2.56075 millimetres or more but less than 150 millimetres diameterParagraph 3(c) or (d)
3.561180 square centimetres areaParagraph 3(b) or (e)
4.561not less than 45 square centimetres but not more than 180 square centimetres areaParagraph 3(d) or (e)

(3) The prescribed methods of illumination are—

(a)the use of 14 circular reflectors of the corner cube type, each reflector having a diameter of 22 millimetres;

(b)the use of retroreflecting material extending over the whole surface of the sign;

(c)the use of a single circular reflector of the corner cube type extending over the whole surface of the sign;

(d)the use of reflectors consisting of bi-convex lenses extending over the whole surface of the sign; and

(e)the use of a single rectangular reflector of the corner cube type extending over the whole surface of the sign.

Buses

22.—(1) In the signs shown in—

(a)the permitted variants of diagrams 618.1, 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A, 620 and 820;

(b)diagrams 877, 953.3. 954, 954.2, 954.3, 954.5, 954.6, 954.7, 970, 973.2, 973.3, 974, 975, 1025.1, 1025.3 and 1025.4;

(c)the permitted variants of diagram 1028.3; and

(d)diagrams 1048, 1048.1, 1048.2, 1048.3 and 1048.4,

the expressions “bus” and “buses” have the meanings given in paragraph (2).

(2) “Buses” in the signs referred to in paragraph (1) means—

(a)motor vehicles constructed or adapted to carry more than 8 passengers (exclusive of the driver); and

(b)local buses not so constructed or adapted;

and “bus” shall be construed accordingly.

Bus lanes

23.—(1) In the signs shown in the permitted variants of diagrams 877 and 878 in which the expression “bus lane” appears and in diagrams 962, 962.2, 963, 963.2, 964, 1048 and 1048.1, “bus lane” has the meaning given in paragraph (2).

(2) “Bus lane” in the signs referred to in paragraph (1) means a traffic lane reserved for—

(a)motor vehicles constructed or adapted to carry more than 8 passengers (exclusive of the driver);

(b)local buses not so constructed or adapted; and

(c)pedal cycles and taxis where indicated on the sign shown in diagram 958 or 959 and pedal cycles where indicated on the sign shown in diagram 960, 962.2, 963.2 or 1048.1.

Bus symbols

24.—(1) A bus symbol when incorporated into any sign refers to—

(a)motor vehicles constructed or adapted to carry more than 8 passengers (exclusive of the driver); or

(b)local buses not so constructed or adapted.

(2) In the signs shown in diagrams 958 and 959 and in the permitted variants of diagrams 953, 953.1 and 960, the word “local” on a bus symbol indicates that the road or the traffic lane on or near which the sign has been placed shall be used only by local buses.

(3) In this regulation “bus symbol” means a symbol depicting a bus in the form shown in diagram 952, 953 or 962.2.

SECTION 4ROAD MARKINGS

Road marking shown in diagram 1003: give way

25.—(1) The requirements conveyed to vehicular traffic on roads by the road marking consisting of the transverse lines shown in diagram 1003 shall be as follows.

(2) Except as provided by paragraphs (3) to (6), the requirement conveyed by the transverse lines shown in diagram 1003, whether or not they are placed in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 602 or 1023, shall be that no vehicle shall proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer the major road into that road in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in a vehicle on the major road or to cause the driver of such a vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

(3) Wherever the transverse lines are placed in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 602, and that sign is at the same time placed in combination with the sign shown in diagram 778 or 778.1 at a level crossing, then the requirement shall be that no vehicle shall proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer the level crossing in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in a railway vehicle or tramcar, or to cause that driver to change the speed of his vehicle in order to avoid an accident.

(4) Wherever the transverse lines are placed in advance of a point in the road where the width of the carriageway narrows significantly, then the requirement shall be that no vehicle shall proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer to the point of narrowing in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in a vehicle that is proceeding in the opposite direction to the first-mentioned vehicle, or to cause the driver of such a vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

(5) Where the transverse lines are placed in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 611.1 at a junction marked with the road marking shown in diagram 1003.4, then the requirement shall be that no vehicle shall proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer to the road marking shown in diagram 1003.4 in a manner or at a time likely to endanger the driver of or any passenger in a vehicle circulating past that road marking from the right of the first-mentioned vehicle or to cause the driver of the second-mentioned vehicle to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

(6) Where the transverse lines are placed in advance of a length of the carriageway of the road where a cycle track crosses the road along a route parallel to the transverse lines, then the requirement shall be that no vehicle shall proceed past such one of those lines as is nearer the cycle track, in a manner or at a time likely to endanger any cyclist proceeding along the cycle track or to cause such a cyclist to change speed or course in order to avoid an accident.

Road markings shown in diagrams 1013.1, 1013.3 and 1013.4: double white lines

26.—(1) A road marking for conveying the requirements specified in paragraph (2) and the warning specified in paragraph (7) shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 1013.1, 1013.3 or 1013.4.

(2) The requirements conveyed by a road marking mentioned in paragraph (1) shall be that—

(a)subject to paragraphs (3) and (5), no vehicle shall stop on any length of road along which the marking has been placed at any point between the ends of the marking; and

(b)subject to paragraph (6), every vehicle proceeding on any length of road along which the marking has been so placed that, as viewed in the direction of travel of the vehicle, a continuous line is on the left of a broken line or of another continuous line, shall be so driven as to keep the first-mentioned continuous line on the right hand or off side of the vehicle.

(3) Nothing in paragraph (2)(a) shall apply so as to prevent a vehicle stopping on any length of road so long as may be necessary for any of the purposes specified in paragraph (4) if the vehicle cannot be used for such a purpose without stopping on the length of road.

(4) The purposes are—

(a)to enable a person to board or alight from the vehicle,

(b)to enable goods to be loaded on to or to be unloaded from the vehicle,

(c)to enable the vehicle to be used in connection with—

(i)any operation involving building, demolition or excavation;

(ii)the removal of any obstruction to traffic;

(iii)the maintenance, improvement or reconstruction of the length of road; or

(iv)the laying, erection, alteration, repair or cleaning in or near the length of road of any sewer or of any main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any telecommunications apparatus kept installed for the purposes of a telecommunications code system or of any other telecommunications apparatus lawfully kept installed in any position.

(5) Nothing in paragraph (2)(a) shall apply—

(a)so as to prevent a vehicle stopping in a lay-by;

(b)to a vehicle for the time being used for fire brigade, ambulance or police purposes;

(c)to a pedal bicycle not having a sidecar attached thereto, whether additional means of propulsion by mechanical power are attached to the bicycle or not;

(d)to a vehicle stopping in any case where the person in control of the vehicle is required by law to stop, or is obliged to do so in order to avoid an accident, or is prevented from proceeding by circumstances outside his control;

(e)to anything done with the permission or at the direction of a constable in uniform or in accordance with the direction of a traffic warden; or

(f)to a vehicle on a road with more than one traffic lane in each direction.

(6) Nothing in paragraph (2)(b) shall be taken to prohibit a vehicle from being driven across, or so as to straddle, the continuous line referred to in that paragraph, if it is safe to do so and if necessary to do so—

(a)to enable the vehicle to enter, from the side of the road on which it is proceeding, land or premises adjacent to the length of road on which the line is placed, or another road joining that road;

(b)in order to pass a stationary vehicle;

(c)owing to circumstances outside the control of the driver;

(d)in order to avoid an accident;

(e)in order to pass a road maintenance vehicle which is in use, is moving at a speed not exceeding 10 mph, and is displaying to the rear the sign shown in diagram 610 or 7403;

(f)in order to pass a pedal cycle moving at a speed not exceeding 10 mph;

(g)in order to pass a horse that is being ridden or led at a speed not exceeding 10 mph; or

(h)for the purposes of complying with any direction of a constable in uniform or a traffic warden.

(7) The warning conveyed by a road marking mentioned in paragraph (1) shall be that no vehicle while travelling next to a broken line placed on the left of a continuous line, as viewed in the direction of travel of the vehicle, should cross or straddle the first-mentioned line unless it is seen by the driver of the vehicle to be safe to do so.

Road marking shown in diagram 1001.3: zig-zag lines—no stopping

27.—(1) In this regulation and regulation 28—

  • “controlled area” means a length of carriageway—

    (a)

    which is adjacent to a signal-controlled crossing facility and has a zig-zag line marked along each of its edges (with or without zig-zag lines also marked down its centre); and

    (b)

    in or near which no other signs or markings have been placed except ones comprised in the combination of signs and markings indicating the presence of the facility or shown in diagram 610, 611, 612, 613, 616, 810, 1029 or 1062;

  • “local service” does not include an excursion or tour as defined by section 137(1) of the Transport Act 1985; and

  • “vehicle” does not include a pedal bicycle not having a sidecar attached to it, whether or not additional means of propulsion by mechanical power are attached to the bicycle.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4) and without prejudice to regulation 28, a zig-zag line shall convey the requirement that the driver of a vehicle shall not cause any part of it to stop in the controlled area in which it is marked.

(3) Paragraph (2) does not prohibit the driver of a vehicle from stopping it in a controlled area—

(a)if the driver has stopped it for the purpose of complying with an indication given by a light signal for the control of vehicular traffic or the direction of a constable in uniform or a traffic warden;

(b)if the driver is prevented from proceeding by circumstances beyond his control or it is necessary for him to stop to avoid injury or damage to persons or property; or

(c)when the vehicle is being used for police, fire brigade or ambulance purposes.

(4) Paragraph (2) does not prohibit the driver of a vehicle from stopping it in a controlled area—

(a)for so long as may be necessary to enable the vehicle to be used for the purposes of—

(i)any operation involving building, demolition or excavation;

(ii)the removal of any obstruction to traffic;

(iii)the maintenance, improvement or reconstruction of a road; or

(iv)the laying, erection, alteration, repair or cleaning in or near the controlled area of any sewer or of any main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any telecommunications apparatus kept installed for the purposes of a telecommunications code system or of any other telecommunications apparatus lawfully kept installed in any position;

(b)in the provision of a local service, and the vehicle, having proceeded past the light signals to which the controlled area relates, is waiting in that area in order to take up or set down passengers; or

(c)if he stops the vehicle for the purpose of making a left or right turn.

Road marking shown in diagram 1001.3: zig-zag lines—no overtaking

28.—(1) Without prejudice to regulation 27, a zig-zag line shall convey the requirement that, whilst any motor vehicle (in this regulation called “the approaching vehicle”) or any part of it is within the limits of a controlled area and is proceeding towards the signal-controlled crossing facility to which the controlled area relates, the driver of the vehicle shall not cause it or any part of it—

(a)to pass ahead of the foremost part of any other motor vehicle proceeding in the same direction; or

(b)to pass ahead of the foremost part of a vehicle which is stationary for the purpose of complying with the indication given by a traffic light signal for controlling vehicular traffic.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)the reference to a motor vehicle in sub-paragraph (a) is, in a case where more than one motor vehicle is proceeding in the same direction as the approaching vehicle in a controlled area, a reference to the motor vehicle nearest to the signal-controlled crossing facility to which the controlled area relates; and

(b)the reference to a stationary vehicle is, in a case where more than one vehicle is stationary in a controlled area for the purpose of complying with the indication given by a traffic light signal for controlling vehicular traffic, a reference to the stationary vehicle nearest the signal-controlled crossing facility to which the controlled area relates.

Road markings shown in diagrams 1025.1, 1025.3, 1025.4, 1043 and 1044: bus stop and bus stand clearways and box junctions

29.—(1) The road markings shown in diagrams 1025.1, 1025.3 and 1025.4 shall convey the prohibition specified in Part I of Schedule 19.

(2) The road markings shown in diagrams 1043 and 1044 shall convey the prohibition specified in Part II of Schedule 19.

Permitted variants of road markings

30.—(1) Where the circumstances in which a road marking shown in a diagram in Schedule 6 is to be placed so require or where appropriate in those circumstances, the form of the marking shall or may be varied as follows—

(a)in the manner (if any) allowed or required in item 4 of the untitled table below or beside the diagram; or

(b)in the manner allowed or required in column (3) of an item in Schedule 16, if the diagram is one whose number is given in column (2) of that item.

(2) In the road marking shown in diagram 1035, route numbers, place names and the direction in which any arrow-head points shall be varied to accord with the circumstances but the words “turn left”, “ahead” or “turn right” shall not be included in the marking.

(3) Where the form of a road marking is varied in accordance with this regulation, the information, warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit conveyed by the marking is varied to accord with the form of marking as varied.

Illumination of road markings

31.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) a road marking shown in diagram 1001 (except when used in conjunction with the road marking shown in diagram 1001.3), 1001.1, 1001.2, 1002.1, 1003, 1003.1, 1003.3, 1003.4, 1004, 1004.1, 1005, 1005.1, 1008, 1008.1, 1009, 1010, 1012.1, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1013.1, 1013.3, 1013.4, 1014, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1024.1, 1036.1, 1036.2, 1037.1, 1039, 1040, 1040.2, 1040.3, 1040.4, 1040.5, 1041, 1041.1, 1042, 1042.1, 1046, 1049, 1062, 1064 or 1065 shall be reflectorised.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a road marking shown in diagram 1003, 1023 or 1049 when varied for use on a cycle track.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4), studs incorporating reflectors or retroreflecting material and so spaced as to form a single line of studs not less than 3 nor more than 4.5 metres apart shall be fitted—

(a)between the two lines constituting the marking shown in diagram 1013.1, except where that marking is so placed that the continuous lines shown in version B of diagram 1013.1 are more than 175 millimetres apart and are separated by an area of cross-hatching so shown;

(b)between the two continuous parallel lines forming part of the marking shown in diagrams 1013.3 and 1013.4.

(4) Where the marking shown in diagram 1013.1 is placed as mentioned in the exception to paragraph (3)(a), the studs mentioned in paragraph (3) shall be fitted either in opposite pairs within the width of each of the two lines or in a single line between those lines.

(5) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this regulation, and to paragraph (6), any road marking may be reflectorised, and studs incorporating reflectors or retroreflecting material may be used with a road marking shown in diagram 1004, 1004.1, 1005, 1005.1, 1008, 1008.1, 1010, 1012.1, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1025.3, 1025.4, 1035, 1040, 1040.2, 1040.3, 1040.4, 1040.5, 1041, 1041.1, 1042 or 1042.1 in such a manner that any such stud shall not be fitted to any part of the marking coloured white or yellow but shall be applied to the surface of the carriageway in the gaps between parts of a broken line, or alongside a solid line, forming part of the marking.

(6) In the case of a road marking shown in diagram 1012.1, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1042 or 1042.1 the studs shall, if fitted, be applied to the surface of the carriageway at the side of and adjacent to the line shown in the diagram.

(7) Reflectors or retroreflecting material incorporated in studs shall be white except that in the case of studs used with a road marking shown in diagram 1010, 1012.1, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1025.3, 1025.4, 1040.3, 1040.4, 1040.5, 1041, 1041.1, 1042 or 1042.1 the reflectors or retroreflecting material shall reflect—

(a)red light where the near side edge of a carriageway is indicated to drivers of approaching vehicles, or when placed in conjunction with the markings shown in diagrams 1041, 1041.1, 1042 and 1042.1 to indicate the off side edge of a carriageway;

(b)amber light to indicate the off side edge of a carriageway which—

(i)is contiguous to a central reservation or to traffic cones or cylinders at road works or to the road marking shown in diagram 1040.3; or

(ii)carries traffic in one direction only; and

(c)green light when placed in conjunction with a road marking shown in diagram 1010, 1025.3 or 1025.4 where the edge of any part of the carriageway available for through traffic at a junction, a lay-by or a parking place is so indicated to drivers of approaching vehicles.

(8) The colour of the parts of the stud other than the reflectors or retroreflecting material shall either be the same as the reflectors or retroreflecting material, or be white, or be a natural metallic finish or other neutral colour, or shall be fluorescent green/yellow in the case of studs placed temporarily at road works.

Height of road markings and size of studs

32.—(1) The size and shape of a stud incorporating reflectors or retroreflecting material shall be such that the part which is visible above the surface of the road can be contained within—

(a)an overall length in the direction of travel of traffic of not less than 35 millimetres and not exceeding 250 millimetres; and

(b)an overall width of not less than 84 millimetres and not exceeding 190 millimetres.

(2) No road marking or stud shall project above the surface of the adjacent carriageway more than 6 millimetres at any point except—

(a)a depressible stud, which shall not project above that surface more than 25 millimetres at its highest point, whether depressed or not;

(b)a non-depressible stud, which shall not project above that surface more than 20 millimetres at its highest point;

(c)the central circular part of the road marking shown in diagram 1003.4, which shall not project above that surface more than 125 millimetres at its highest point or 6 millimetres at its perimeter;

(d)the road marking shown in diagram 1012.2, the raised ribs on which shall project above the surface of the remainder of the marking by not more than 11 millimetres; or

(e)the road marking shown in diagram 1012.3, the raised ribs on which shall project above the surface of the remainder of the marking by not more than 8 millimetres; and

(f)the road marking shown in diagram 1049.1, the height of which above the surface of the adjacent carriageway shall be within the range of dimensions indicated on the second part of that diagram illustrating the cross-section of the marking.

(3) In this regulation, the expression “depressible stud” means a stud so fitted that the height by which it, or part of it, projects above the surface of the adjacent carriageway is apt to be reduced when pressure is applied to the stud from above; and “non-depressible stud” and “depressed” shall be construed accordingly.

SECTION 5LIGHT SIGNALS AND WARNING LIGHTS

Light signals for the control of vehicular traffic—standard form

33.—(1) Subject to regulation 34, light signals for the control of vehicular traffic (other than tramcars) at junctions, at places where the headroom or the width of the road is permanently restricted, or at signal-controlled crossing facilities—

(a)shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 3000, 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9 or 3000.10;

(b)shall be illuminated in the sequence prescribed by paragraph (3); and

(c)shall have ES compliant signal heads.

(2) Light signals for the control of vehicular traffic consisting exclusively of pedal cycles—

(a)shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 3000.2;

(b)shall be illuminated in the sequence prescribed by paragraph (3); and

(c)shall have ES compliant signal heads.

(3) The sequence of illumination of the lights shown by the signals prescribed by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be as follows—

(a)red,

(b)red and amber together,

(c)green,

(d)amber.

(4) Where the light signals are varied as prescribed by regulation 34, one or more green arrows shown in diagram 3001.2 or 3001.3 may be illuminated whilst any of the lights referred to in paragraph (3) are illuminated.

(5) For the purposes of these Regulations a signal head is “ES compliant” if, in relation to each aspect of its performance specified in column (2) of an item in the Table, it complies with the requirement or test specification of European Standard EN12368: 2000 specified in column (3) of the item or to an equivalent requirement or test specification specified in a corresponding EEA standard.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemAspect of performanceRequirement or test specification and class
1.Protection ratingClass IV: IP 55
2.Operating temperature rangeClass A
3.Luminous intensityPerformance level 3, class 2
4.Distribution of luminous intensityType M
5.Maximum signal phantomClass 5
6.Signal lights incorporating symbolsClass S1
7.Background screenClass C1
8.Impact resistanceClass IR2

Green arrow light signals for the control of vehicular traffic

34.—(1) A lens or lenses of the size and colour shown in diagram 3001.2 or 3001.3 which, when illuminated, shows a green arrow—

(a)may be substituted for the lens showing the green light in the light signals referred to in regulation 33(1) using any of the methods shown in diagram 3000.8 or 3000.10; or

(b)may be affixed to the light signals referred to in regulation 33(1) or to those signals as altered in accordance with sub-paragraph (a) using any of the methods shown in diagrams 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9 and 3000.10.

(2) The direction of the arrow shown in indication B in diagram 3001.2 or 3001.3 may be varied so that the head of the arrow points to any position lying between indication A and indication C.

(3) The direction of the arrow shown in indication D in diagram 3001.2 or 3001.3 may be varied so that the head of the arrow points to any position lying between indication C and indication E.

Portable light signals for the control of vehicular traffic

35.  Portable light signals for the control of vehicular traffic other than tramcars shall be—

(a)of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 3000.1;

(b)illuminated in the sequence prescribed by regulation 33(3); and

(c)so constructed that, if European Standard EN12368: 2000 applied to portable signals, they would be ES compliant.

Significance of light signals prescribed by regulations 33 to 35

36.—(1) The significance of the light signals prescribed by regulations 33, 34 and 35 shall be as follows—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (b) and, where the red signal is shown at the same time as the green arrow signal, to sub-paragraphs (f) and (g), the red signal shall convey the prohibition that vehicular traffic shall not proceed beyond the stop line;

(b)when a vehicle is being used for fire brigade, ambulance, bomb or explosive disposal, national blood service or police purposes and the observance of the prohibition conveyed by the red signal in accordance with sub-paragraph (a) would be likely to hinder the use of that vehicle for the purpose for which it is being used, then sub-paragraph (a) shall not apply to the vehicle, and the red signal shall convey the prohibition that that vehicle shall not proceed beyond the stop line in a manner or at a time likely to endanger any person or to cause the driver of any vehicle proceeding in accordance with the indications of light signals operating in association with the signals displaying the red signal to change its speed or course in order to avoid an accident;

(c)the red-with-amber signal shall, subject in a case where it is displayed at the same time as the green arrow signal to sub-paragraph (f), denote an impending change to green or a green arrow in the indication given by the signals but shall convey the same prohibition as the red signal;

(d)the green signal shall indicate that vehicular traffic may proceed beyond the stop line and proceed straight on or to the left or to the right;

(e)the amber signal shall, when shown alone, convey the same prohibition as the red signal, except that, as respects any vehicle which is so close to the stop line that it cannot safely be stopped without proceeding beyond the stop line, it shall convey the same indication as the green signal or green arrow signal which was shown immediately before it;

(f)save as provided in sub-paragraphs (g) and (h), the green arrow signal shall indicate that vehicular traffic may, notwithstanding any other indication given by the signals, proceed beyond the stop line only in the direction indicated by the arrow for the purpose of proceeding in that direction through the junction controlled by those signals;

(g)where more than one green arrow is affixed to light signals in accordance with regulation 34(1)(b), vehicular traffic, notwithstanding any other indication given by the signals, may proceed beyond the stop line only in the direction indicated by any one of the green arrows for the purpose of proceeding in that direction through the junction controlled by those signals; and

(h)where the green arrow signal is displayed at the same time as the green signal, vehicular traffic may proceed in the direction indicated by the green arrow in accordance with sub-paragraph (g) or in any other direction in accordance with sub-paragraph (d).

(2) Vehicular traffic proceeding beyond a stop line in accordance with paragraph (1) shall proceed with due regard to the safety of other road users and subject to any direction given by a constable in uniform or a traffic warden or to any other applicable prohibition or restriction.

(3) In this regulation the expressions “vehicle” and “vehicular traffic” do not include tramcars.

Light signals for the control of vehicular traffic on motorways and all-purpose dual carriageway roads

37.—(1) Subject to paragraph (4), light signals for the control of vehicular traffic entering or proceeding along a motorway, shall be—

(a)of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 6031.1 or 6032.1; and

(b)operated in accordance with the requirements specified in paragraph (2).

(2) The requirements are that—

(a)each lamp shall show an intermittent red light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute, and in such a manner that the lights of one vertical pair are always shown when the lights of the other vertical pair are not shown; and

(b)the red cross or the white symbol shown in diagram 6031.1 or 6032.1 shall be illuminated by a steady light when the red lights are flashing.

(3) Light signals for the control of vehicular traffic entering or proceeding along an all-purpose dual carriageway road may also be the size, colour and type prescribed by paragraph (1) and operated in accordance with the requirements specified in paragraph (2).

(4) Light signals for the control of vehicular traffic—

(a)entering a motorway by means of a slip road; or

(b)entering a motorway which is a roundabout may, instead of complying with paragraphs (1) and (2), be of the size, colour and type prescribed by regulation 33 or 34.

Significance of light signals prescribed by regulation 37(1)

38.  The significance of the light signals prescribed by regulation 37(1) shall be as follows—

(a)when placed beside the carriageway of a road, they shall convey the prohibition that vehicular traffic on that carriageway (other than vehicles being used in the circumstances described in regulation 36(1)(b)) shall not proceed beyond the signals; and

(b)when displayed on a gantry over the carriageway, they shall convey the prohibition that vehicular traffic (other than vehicles being used in the circumstances described in regulation 36(1)(b)) proceeding in the traffic lane immediately below the signals shall not proceed beyond them in that lane,

and for the purposes of this regulation light signals which are mounted on a post situated beside the carriageway but which are projected over it or part of it shall be treated as light signals placed beside the carriageway of that road.

Light signals to control traffic at level crossings etc

39.—(1) Light signals for the control of traffic at level crossings, swinging or lifting bridges, tunnels, airfields or in the vicinity of premises used regularly by fire, police or ambulance service vehicles shall—

(a)be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 3014;

(b)be illuminated in the sequence prescribed by paragraph (2); and

(c)have ES compliant signal heads.

(2) The sequence for the illumination of the light signals prescribed by paragraph (1) shall be as follows—

(a)a single steady amber light,

(b)two intermittent red lights, each of which will be shown at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute, and in a such a manner that one light is always shown when the other light is not shown.

Significance of light signals prescribed by regulation 39

40.  The significance of the light signals prescribed by regulation 39 shall be as follows—

(a)the amber signal shall convey the prohibition that traffic shall not proceed beyond the stop line or the road marking shown in diagram 1003.2, except that a vehicle which is so close to the stop line that it cannot safely be stopped without proceeding beyond the stop line may proceed across the level crossing; and

(b)the intermittent red signals shall convey the prohibition that traffic shall not proceed beyond the stop line or the road marking shown in diagram 1003.2.

Light signals for the control of tramcars

41.—(1) Light signals for the control of tramcars shall—

(a)be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 3013; and

(b)display the aspects shown in diagrams 3013.1, 3013.2, 3013.3, 3013.4 and 3013.5 in the sequence prescribed by paragraph (2).

(2) The sequence for the illumination of the light signals prescribed by paragraph (1) shall be as follows—

(a)the horizontal line shown in diagram 3013.1,

(b)the vertical line shown in diagram 3013.2 or either of the diagonal lines shown in diagram 3013.3 or 3013.4,

(c)the central circle shown in diagram 3013.5.

(3) When the light signals prescribed by paragraph (1) (“tram signals”) are affixed to the light signals mentioned in regulation 33 (“standard signals”) in accordance with any of the options shown in diagrams 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9 and 3000.10 their aspect may be such that they convey to the driver of a tramcar a different significance from that conveyed at the same time in accordance with regulation 36 to the drivers of other vehicular traffic by the aspect of the standard signals to which the tram signals are affixed.

Significance of light signals prescribed by regulation 41

42.  The significance of the light signals prescribed by regulation 41 shall be as follows—

(a)the aspect shown in diagram 3013.1 shall convey the prohibition that a tramcar shall not proceed beyond the stop line;

(b)the aspect shown in diagram 3013.2 shall indicate that a tramcar may proceed beyond the stop line and proceed straight ahead;

(c)the aspect shown in diagram 3013.3 shall indicate that a tramcar may proceed beyond the stop line and proceed to the left;

(d)the aspect shown in diagram 3013.4 shall indicate that a tramcar may proceed beyond the stop line and proceed to the right; and

(e)the aspect shown in diagram 3013.5 shall convey the prohibition that a tramcar shall not proceed beyond the stop line except that, as respects a tramcar which is so close to the stop line that it cannot safely be stopped without proceeding beyond the stop line, it shall convey the same indication as the aspect which was shown immediately before it.

Meaning of stop line and references to light signals

43.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), “stop line” in relation to light signals for the control of vehicular traffic means—

(a)in relation to any vehicle except a tramcar the road marking shown in diagram 1001 placed in conjunction with the light signals;

(b)in relation to a tramcar, the road marking shown in diagram 1001.1 placed in conjunction with those light signals, or when that marking has not been so placed, the marking shown in diagram 1001 so placed.

(2) Where the road marking shown in diagram 1001.2 has been placed in conjunction with light signals, “stop line” in relation to those light signals means—

(a)the first stop line, in the case of a vehicle (other than a pedal cycle proceeding in the cycle lane) which has not proceeded beyond that line; or

(b)the second stop line, in the case of a vehicle which has proceeded beyond the first stop line or of a pedal cycle proceeding in the cycle lane.

(3) Where no stop line has been provided in conjunction with light signals or the stop line is not visible, references in relation to those signals to the “stop line” are—

(a)in a case where the sign shown in diagram 7011, 7011.1 or 7027 is placed in conjunction with the light signals, to be treated as references to that sign; and

(b)in any other case, to be treated as references to the post or other structure on which the primary signals are mounted.

(4) A reference in this regulation or in regulations 33 to 42 to light signals, to the signals or to a signal of a particular colour is, where secondary signals as well as primary signals have been placed, a reference to the light signals displayed by both the primary and secondary signals or, as the case may be, by the primary signals operating without the secondary signals or by the secondary signals operating without the primary signals.

(5) In this regulation—

(a)“primary signals” means light signals erected on or near the carriageway of a road and—

(i)where a stop line is placed in conjunction with the signals, sited beyond that line and near one end or both ends of the line; or

(ii)where there is no stop line, sited at either edge or both edges of the carriageway or part of the carriageway which is in use by traffic approaching and controlled by the signals;

(b)“secondary signals” means light signals erected on or near the carriageway facing traffic approaching from the direction of the primary signals but sited beyond those signals as viewed from the direction of travel of such traffic; and

(c)in paragraph (2)—

(i)“the first stop line” means the transverse white line or lines appearing below the pedal cycle symbol in the road markings shown in either version of diagram 1001.2;

(ii)“the second stop line” means the transverse white line appearing above the pedal cycle symbol in the road markings shown in either version of that diagram; and

(iii)“the cycle lane” means the lane so marked in either version of that diagram.

Light signals for lane control of vehicular traffic

44.—(1) A light signal placed above the carriageway and facing the direction of oncoming vehicular traffic used for the control of that traffic proceeding along the traffic lane over which those signals have been placed shall be of the size, colour and type of any diagram shown in Part I of Schedule 10.

(2) The height of the centre of each light signal from the surface of the carriageway in the immediate vicinity shall be not less than 5.5 metres nor more than 9 metres.

(3) The signals prescribed by this regulation shall be so designed that—

(a)the red cross shown in diagram 5003 or 5003.1 (“the red cross”) can be internally illuminated in such a manner as to show a steady red light;

(b)the green arrow shown in diagram 5001.1 or 5001.2 (“the downward green arrow”) can be internally illuminated in such a manner as to show a steady green light;

(c)the white arrow shown in diagram 5005 or 5005.1 (“the diagonal white arrow”) can be internally illuminated in such a manner as to show a steady white light; and

(d)whenever one of the signals referred to in sub-paragraphs (a) to (c) is illuminated neither of the other signals referred to in those sub-paragraphs shall be illuminated when placed over the same traffic lane.

(4) The significance of the light signals prescribed by this regulation shall be as follows—

(a)the red cross shall convey to vehicular traffic proceeding in the traffic lane above which it is displayed the prohibition that such traffic shall not proceed beyond the red cross in the traffic lane until that prohibition is cancelled by a display over that traffic lane of the downward green arrow or diagonal white arrow or by a display over that traffic lane or beside the carriageway of the traffic sign shown in diagram 5015;

(b)the downward green arrow shall convey to vehicular traffic proceeding in the traffic lane above which it is displayed the information that such traffic may proceed or continue to do so in the lane beneath the arrow; and

(c)the diagonal white arrow shall convey to vehicular traffic proceeding in the traffic lane above which it is displayed the warning that such traffic should move into the adjacent traffic lane in the direction indicated by the arrow as soon as traffic conditions permit.

Warning signal for motorways and all-purpose dual carriageway roads

45.—(1) A traffic sign for conveying the warning specified in paragraph (2) to vehicular traffic on a motorway or an all-purpose dual carriageway road shall be a light signal of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 6023.

(2) The warning conveyed by the light signal shall be that—

(a)there is a hazard ahead on the motorway or all-purpose dual carriageway road; and

(b)drivers should drive at a speed which does not exceed 30 mph until they are certain that the hazard has been passed or removed.

(3) When the light signal prescribed by this regulation is operated, each lamp shall show an intermittent amber light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute and in such a manner that one light is always shown when the other light is not shown.

Matrix signs for motorways and all-purpose dual carriageway roads

46.—(1) In this regulation “matrix sign” means a sign shown in a diagram in Part I of Schedule 11 for conveying to traffic on a motorway or an all-purpose dual carriageway road information or a warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit—

(a)relating to or arising out of temporary hazardous conditions on or near the motorway or dual carriageway road; and

(b)specified in the caption to a diagram contained in Part I of that Schedule.

(2) A matrix sign shall be a light signal and shall be of the size, colour and type prescribed by this regulation and shown in a diagram in Part I of Schedule 11.

(3) Where a matrix sign is placed beside the carriageway of a road the warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit conveyed by the sign shall apply to all vehicular traffic facing that sign and proceeding along the carriageway beside which the sign is placed.

(4) For the purposes of this regulation a sign which is mounted on a post situated beside the carriageway but is projected over it or part of it shall be treated as a sign placed beside the carriageway of that road.

(5) Where a matrix sign mounted on a gantry or other structure is so placed that a traffic lane of the carriageway passes directly beneath it, the warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit conveyed by the sign shall apply only to vehicular traffic facing that sign and proceeding along the traffic lane passing directly beneath it.

(6) A legend or symbol shown on a matrix sign shall be displayed by means of white or off-white light and except in the case of the signs shown in diagrams 6006.2, 6008.1, 6009.3 and 6012 shall be accompanied by the four lamps prescribed by paragraph (7).

(7) The four lamps mentioned in paragraph (6)—

(a)shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 6022 when placed beside the carriageway or in diagram 6021 when mounted on a gantry or other structure over the carriageway; and

(b)when a matrix sign other than those shown in diagrams 6006.2, 6008.1, 6009.3 and 6012 is displayed, each lamp shall show an intermittent amber light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute and in such a manner that one horizontal pair of lights is always shown when the other horizontal pair of lights is not shown.

(8) The signs shown in diagrams 6006.2, 6008.1 and 6009.3 shall be accompanied by the four red lamps prescribed by regulation 37.

Light signals at signal-controlled pedestrian facilities

47.—(1) In this regulation “the crossing”, in relation to a sign, means the signal-controlled pedestrian facility in relation to which the sign is placed.

(2) A sign for conveying to pedestrian traffic the warning and information specified in paragraph (4) shall—

(a)be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4002.1; or

(b)consist of either a single unit of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.1 or of two units, one comprising the upper and the other the lower part of that unit placed close together,

and shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (3).

(3) The requirements are that the sign is so designed and constructed that—

(a)the red figure in the sign (“the red signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(b)the green figure in the sign (“the green signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(c)when one signal is illuminated the other is not;

(d)the green signal is illuminated only when there is at the same time conveyed to vehicular traffic a prohibition against entering the crossing and the prohibition is indicated by—

(i)the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 (whether or not varied in accordance with regulation 34) or 41; or

(ii)those light signals and the sign shown in diagram 606, 612, 613 or 616;

(e)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4003.1, a push button or other switching device is included which, whilst the red signal is illuminated, in some way indicates to pedestrians whether it has been activated; and

(f)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4002.1, the signal heads are ES compliant.

(4) The red signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the period during which, in the interests of safety, pedestrians should not use the crossing and the green signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the period during which pedestrians may use the crossing.

(5) Where the sign shown in diagram 4003.1 is provided at a crossing, any additional device which—

(a)is of the size, colour and type of only the part of that sign which shows the red and green signals or of only the part which includes the push button and the legend above it;

(b)complies with the requirements of paragraph (3) so far as they are relevant to it; and

(c)is provided to supplement the indications given by the sign shown in diagram 4003.1,

shall give the same indication as the relevant part of the sign shown in that diagram.

(6) A push button device giving instructions to pedestrians on how to cause the green signal in the sign shown in diagram 4002.1 to become illuminated and explaining the significance of the red and green signals shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.

(7) The sign shown in diagram 4003 shall, whilst the word “WAIT” is illuminated, convey the same indication as the red signal.

(8) Any audible or tactile signal emitted by a device provided in conjunction with the green signal for the benefit of disabled persons shall convey to pedestrians the same indication as the green signal.

Light signals at equestrian crossings

48.—(1) In this regulation “the crossing” in relation to a sign means the equestrian crossing in relation to which the sign is placed.

(2) A sign for conveying to equestrian traffic the warning and information specified in paragraph (4) shall—

(a)be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.2; or

(b)consist of either a single unit of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.4 or of two units, one comprising the upper and the other the lower part of that unit placed close together,

and shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (3).

(3) The requirements are that the sign is so designed and constructed that—

(a)the red symbol in the sign (“the red signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(b)the green symbol in the sign (“the green signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(c)when one signal is illuminated the other is not;

(d)the green signal is illuminated only when there is at the same time conveyed to vehicular traffic a prohibition against entering the crossing and the prohibition is indicated by—

(i)the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 (whether or not varied in accordance with regulation 34) or 41; or

(ii)those light signals and the sign shown in diagram 606, 612, 613 or 616;

(e)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4003.4, a push button or other switching device is included which, whilst the red signal is illuminated, in some way indicates to equestrians whether it has been activated; and

(f)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4003.2, the signal heads are ES compliant.

(4) The red signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the period during which, in the interests of safety, equestrian traffic should not use the crossing and the green signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the time during which such traffic may use the crossing.

(5) Where the sign shown in diagram 4003.4 is provided at a crossing, any additional device which—

(a)is of the size, colour and type of only the part of that sign which shows the red and green signals or of only the part which includes the push button and the legend above it;

(b)complies with the requirements of paragraph (3) so far as they are relevant to it; and

(c)is provided to supplement the indications given by the sign shown in diagram 4003.4,

shall give the same indication as the relevant part of the sign shown in that diagram.

(6) A push button device giving instructions to equestrians on how to cause the green signal in the sign shown in diagram 4003.2 to become illuminated and explaining the significance of the red and green signals shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.3.

(7) The sign shown in diagram 4003.3 shall, whilst the word “WAIT” is illuminated, convey the same indication as the red signal.

Light signals at Toucan crossings

49.—(1) In this regulation “the crossing” in relation to a sign means the Toucan crossing in relation to which the sign is placed.

(2) A sign for conveying to pedestrians and pedal cyclists the warning and information specified in paragraph (4) shall—

(a)be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.5; or

(b)consist of either a single unit of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.7 or of two units, one comprising the upper and the other the lower part of that unit placed close together,

and shall comply with the requirements of paragraph (3).

(3) The requirements are that the sign is so designed and constructed that—

(a)the red figures in the signs shown in diagrams 4003.5 and 4003.7 and the red cycle symbol in diagram 4003.7 (“the red signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(b)the green figure and the green cycle symbol (“the green signal”) can be internally illuminated by a steady light;

(c)when one signal is illuminated the other is not;

(d)the green signal is illuminated only when there is at the same time conveyed to vehicular traffic, other than pedal cyclists wishing to use the crossing, a prohibition against entering the crossing and the prohibition is indicated by—

(i)the light signals prescribed by regulation 33 (whether or not varied in accordance with regulation 34) or 41; or

(ii)those light signals and the sign shown in diagram 606, 612, 613 or 616;

(e)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4003.7, a push button or other switching device is included which, whilst the red signal is illuminated, in some way indicates to pedestrians and pedal cyclists whether it has been activated; and

(f)in the case of the sign shown in diagram 4003.5, the signal heads are ES compliant.

(4) The red signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the period during which, in the interests of safety, pedestrians and pedal cyclists should not use the crossing and the green signal, whilst it is illuminated, shall indicate the period during which pedestrians and pedal cyclists may use the crossing.

(5) Where the sign shown in diagram 4003.7 is provided at a crossing, any additional device which—

(a)is of the size, colour and type of only the part of that sign which shows the red and green signals or of only the part which includes the push button and the legend above it;

(b)complies with the requirements of paragraph (3) so far as they are relevant to it; and

(c)is provided to supplement the indications given by the sign shown in diagram 4003.7,

shall give the same indication as the relevant part of the sign shown in that diagram.

(6) A push button device giving instructions to pedestrians and pedal cyclists on how to cause the green signal in the sign shown in diagram 4003.5 to become illuminated shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.6.

(7) The sign shown in diagram 4003.6 shall, whilst the word “WAIT” is illuminated, convey the same indication as the red signal.

(8) Any audible or tactile signal emitted by a device provided in conjunction with the green signal for the benefit of disabled pedestrians shall convey to pedestrians the same indication as the green signal.

Warning lights at school crossing places

50.  A sign for conveying a warning to vehicular traffic that a school crossing place lies ahead and is being patrolled by a school crossing patrol or is otherwise in use by such children—

(a)shall be a light signal of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4004, each lamp of which when operated shall show an intermittent amber light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute and in such a manner that one light is always shown when the other light is not shown; and

(b)may be erected on or near part of the road in advance of a crossing place in relation to oncoming traffic.

Cattle crossing signs and warning lights

51.—(1) A sign of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4005 may be erected on or near a road in advance of a place in that road where cattle under the supervision of a herdsman on their way from one part of a farm to another cross the road (“a cattle crossing”) to convey to oncoming traffic the warning specified in paragraph (2).

(2) The warning conveyed by the sign shall be that—

(a)a cattle crossing lies ahead and may be in use; and

(b)traffic should be prepared to stop.

(3) When the sign is operated, each lamp shall show an intermittent amber light at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute and in such a manner that one light is always shown when the other light is not shown.

Light signals for pedestrian traffic at level crossings

52.—(1) Light signals conveying to pedestrians at level crossings the prohibition specified in paragraph (2) shall be of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4006 and so designed that—

(a)the red figure shown in diagram 4006 is internally illuminated by an intermittent red light which is shown at a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 90 flashes per minute;

(b)the red figure is illuminated only when the intermittent red lights prescribed by regulation 39(2)(b) are illuminated; and

(c)the signal heads are ES compliant.

(2) The red figure when illuminated in the manner prescribed by paragraph (1) shall convey the prohibition that pedestrians shall not proceed beyond the transverse road marking shown in diagram 1003.2 on the footway or diagram 1001 on the carriageway.

SECTION 6MISCELLANEOUS TRAFFIC SIGNS

Temporary signs

53.—(1) In this regulation “temporary sign” means a sign placed on or near a road for the purpose of conveying to traffic—

(a)information about convenient routes to be followed on the occasion of—

(i)a sporting event;

(ii)an exhibition; or

(iii)any other public gathering,

which is in each case likely to attract a large volume of traffic;

(b)information about diversions or alternative traffic routes;

(c)information about the availability of new routes or destinations;

(d)information about changes in route numbers;

(e)warnings about, or information on how to avoid, any temporary hazards caused by—

(i)works being executed on or near a road;

(ii)adverse weather conditions or other natural causes;

(iii)the failure of street lighting or malfunction of or damage to any other apparatus, equipment or facility used in connection with the road or anything situated on or near or under it; or

(iv)damage to the road itself; or

(f)requests by the police for information in connection with road traffic accidents.

(2) A temporary sign—

(a)which conveys to traffic any information, warning, requirement, restriction or prohibition of a description which can be conveyed by a sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 12 (whether on its own or in conjunction or in combination with another such sign) shall be of the size, colour and type shown in that diagram;

(b)which does not fall within paragraph (a) (“a non-prescribed temporary sign”) shall be of such size, colour and type as is specified in paragraphs (3) to (6).

(3) The shape of a non-prescribed temporary sign shall be—

(a)rectangular but with the corners rounded; or

(b)as in sub-paragraph (a) with a rounded point at one end.

(4) A non-prescribed temporary sign shall be of a size appropriate to the circumstances in which it is placed and may incorporate—

(a)wording;

(b)numerals;

(c)arrows or chevrons;

(d)any appropriate symbol taken from any diagram in any Schedule; and

(e)the arms, badge or other device of a traffic authority, police authority or an organisation representative of road users.

(5) Every letter and numeral incorporated in a non-prescribed temporary sign other than any letter incorporated in the sign in accordance with paragraph (4)(e) shall be not less than 40 nor more than 350 millimetres in height, and every arrow so incorporated shall be not less than 250 nor more than 1000 millimetres in length.

(6) Every letter, numeral, arrow, chevron or symbol, other than a sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5 when used as a symbol, incorporated in a non-prescribed temporary sign shall be—

(a)black on a background of white or of yellow;

(b)white on a blue background;

(c)blue on a white background;

(d)if the sign conveys information or warnings of the kind mentioned in paragraph (1)(e), white on a red background, except where it is placed on a motorway when it shall be black on a yellow background; or

(e)if the sign is a variable message sign, white, off-white or yellow on a black background or black on a yellow background, except when the sign is not in use when it shall display a plain black or grey face.

Flashing beacons

54.—(1) A beacon—

(a)showing an intermittent amber light and placed in combination with a temporary sign within the meaning of regulation 53 or the sign shown in diagram 562, 610, 7001, 7001.3, 7004, 7005, 7009, 7010.1, 7012, 7013, 7019, 7020, 7021, 7022, 7105, 7201, 7202 or 7207 and in compliance with the requirements in paragraph (2); or

(b)showing an intermittent blue light and placed by a constable or a person acting under instructions (whether general or specific) of the chief officer of police in combination with a sign shown in diagram 606, 609, 610, 616, 633, 829.1, 829.2, 829.3, 829.4, 7101.1, 7102 or 7105, and in compliance with (c) and (d) of the requirements in paragraph (2),

shall convey the warning that drivers of vehicles should take special care.

(2) The requirements mentioned in paragraph (1) are—

(a)the peak intensity of light emitted by the lens or lenses of each such beacon shall be—

(i)if the period between individual flashes does not exceed ¼ of a second, not less than 100 candela on the principal axis of the relevant lens;

(ii)if the period between individual flashes exceeds ¼ of a second, not less than 2000 candela on the principal axis; or

(iii)if the period between the cessation of a double flash and the start of the succeeding double flash exceeds ¼ of a second, not less than 1000 candela on the principal axis;

(b)each lens shall be of such a shape and size that the perimeter of its area projected horizontally onto a vertical plane shall be capable of lying wholly inside a square having sides of 200 millimetres in length and wholly outside a square having sides of 100 millimetres in length;

(c)the height of the centre of the lenses from the surface of the carriageway in the immediate vicinity shall be not less than 800 (or in the case of a beacon of the kind mentioned in paragraph (1)(b) 450) nor more than 1500 millimetres; and

(d)the rate of flashing shall be not less than 55 nor more than 150 individual or double flashes per minute.

Road danger lamps

55.—(1) A lamp showing a steady or intermittent amber light which—

(a)conforms to—

(i)British Standard Specification BS3143: Part 1: 1985 amended by Amendment No. 1 dated February 1985;

(ii)BS3143: Part 2: 1990 amended by Amendment No. 1 dated November 1993 and Amendment No. 2 dated December 1998; or

(iii)a corresponding EEA Standard; and

(b)is illuminated separately and by a single source of light,

shall indicate to traffic the limits of a temporary obstruction of the road and in this regulation is called a “road danger lamp”.

(2) The height of the centre of each lens of a road danger lamp from the surface of the road in the immediate vicinity of the lamp shall not exceed 1500 millimetres where the speed limit on the road is 40 mph or less, or 1200 millimetres where the speed limit on the road is more than 40 mph.

(3) The rate of flashing of a road danger lamp which shows an intermittent light shall be—

(a)if the lamp is placed not less than 50 metres from a street lamp lit by electricity on a road subject to a speed limit of 40 mph or less, either—

(i)not less than 900 flashes per minute; or

(ii)not less than 55 nor more than 150 flashes per minute;

(b)in any other case not less than 900 flashes per minute.

Cones, delineators and cylinders

56.—(1) In this regulation—

“cone” means the sign shown in diagram 7101.1;

“delineator” means the sign shown in diagram 7102;

“cylinder” means the sign shown in diagram 7103.

(2) A cone shall consist of a conically shaped device made of rubber or flexible plastic material in respect of which—

(a)the base is of any single colour; and

(b)the base is a polygon having not more than eight sides, which would be contained wholly within a circle with a diameter of three quarters of the height of the cone.

(3) The part of a cone coloured white shall, subject to paragraph (5), be illuminated with white retroreflecting material and the part coloured red may be illuminated with red retroreflecting material.

(4) Information about the ownership of a cone may be moulded—

(a)into the base in characters not more than 80 mm high in the same colour as the base;

(b)into the conical body in characters not more than 40 mm high in the same colour as that body; or

(c)as mentioned in both sub-paragraphs (a) and (b).

(5) Information about the manufacture of a cone, required to comply with British Standard Specification BS873: Part 8: 1985 or a corresponding EEA Standard and occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the part coloured white in characters not exceeding 5 millimetres in height, leaving at least 90% of the remaining area of white colour illuminated with white retroreflecting material.

(6) A rotating device may be mounted on top of a cone and—

(a)that device shall—

(i)be red and not reflectorised; and

(ii)display one or more signs shown in either diagram 560 or diagram 561; and

(b)those signs shall be coloured amber, intermittently whilst rotating and constantly whilst static.

(7) A delineator shall consist of a flat device—

(a)of which the side intended to be exposed to traffic is coloured as shown in diagram 7102 and the reverse side is either so coloured or coloured only grey or only red;

(b)which is made of rubber or flexible plastic material; and

(c)of which the base is of any single colour, except that a reflectorised white line 100 millimetres wide at an angle of not more than 60 degrees to the road surface may be marked on one side of the base at right angles to the face of the delineator.

(8) The white part of a delineator shall, subject to paragraph (10), be illuminated with white retroreflecting material and the red part (except on the reverse side when that side is coloured only red) may be illuminated with red retroreflecting material.

(9) Information about the ownership of a delineator may be moulded into the base in characters not more than 80 mm high and in the same colour as the base.

(10) Information about the manufacture of a delineator, required in order to comply with British Standard Specification BS 873: Part 8: 1985 or a corresponding EEA Standard and occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the part coloured white in characters not exceeding 5 millimetres in height, leaving at least 90% of the remaining area of white colour illuminated with white retroreflecting material.

(11) A cylinder shall consist of a cylindrically shaped device made of rubber or flexible plastic material.

(12) The white part of a cylinder shall, subject to paragraph (14), be illuminated with white retroreflecting material and the part coloured red may be illuminated with red retroreflecting material.

(13) Information about the ownership of a cylinder may be moulded into the lower of the two red parts in red characters not more than 40 mm high.

(14) Information about the manufacture of a cylinder, required in order to comply with British Standard Specification BS873: Part 8: 1985 or a corresponding EEA Standard and occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the part coloured white in characters not exceeding 5 millimetres in height, leaving at least 90% of the remaining area of white colour illuminated with white retroreflecting material.

Refuge indicator lamps

57.  A lamp in the form of an illuminated spherical globe for conveying the warning that drivers of vehicles are approaching a street refuge may be placed subject to the following conditions—

(a)the globe shall be white;

(b)the globe shall have a diameter of not less than 275 nor more than 335 millimetres; and

(c)the height of the centre of the globe above the surface of the carriageway in the immediate vicinity shall be not less than 3800 millimetres nor more than 5000 millimetres.

Variable message signs

58.—(1) In these Regulations a “variable message sign” means a device capable of displaying, at different times, two or more aspects falling within the following descriptions—

(a)a sign shown in a diagram in Schedule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 11 or 12;

(b)a legend of a type shown in Schedule 15 in accordance with the provisions of that Schedule;

(c)a non-prescribed temporary sign as defined by regulation 53(2)(b);

(d)a blank grey or a blank black face.

(2) A variable message sign shall be of a size appropriate to display the messages referred to in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (1), having regard to the normal speed of traffic on the road on or near which the sign is situated.

(3) If the construction or method of operation of a variable message sign prevents a sign from being displayed in the colours shown for it in the appropriate diagram in Schedule 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 or 12, a black legend or symbol on a white or yellow background may be displayed as a white, off-white or yellow legend or symbol on a dark background, provided that any red triangle or red circle forming part of the sign is included.

(4) A legend or symbol as mentioned in paragraph (3) may be in the form of a white, off-white or yellow outline of the legend or symbol.

(5) The size of any symbol or legend, including any red triangle or circle, displayed on a variable message sign, which is displayed by means of light-emitting characters or symbols, may be varied so that the size of the symbol or legend appears to road users to be the same as it appears to them to be when it is not displayed in this manner.

(6) When a variable message sign displays—

(a)the sign shown in diagram 670;

(b)any sign shown in a diagram in Part I of Schedule 11 except diagrams 6006.2, 6008.1, 6009.3 and 6012; or

(c)a legend of the type shown in Schedule 15,

it may also display four lamps, which are of the size, colour and type specified in regulation 46(7) and have a rate of flashing of not less than 60 nor more than 150 flashes per minute, and the distance between the lamps shall accord with the overall size of the variable message sign.

(7) Where a variable message sign displays by means of light-emitting characters or symbols—

(a)the sign shown in diagram 504.1, 505.1, 506.1, 507.1, 510, 512, 512.1, 512.2 or 513; or

(b)the sign shown in diagram 670 (when showing the numerals “20”, “30”, “40” or “50”) in such a way that the sign is only visible when associated equipment detects the presence of a vehicle exceeding the speed limit indicated by the sign,

the variable message sign may display, beneath the sign displayed on it, the legend “SLOW DOWN” in characters having a height not less than one quarter of the height of the displayed sign.

(8) The display of a blank black or grey face on a variable message sign accompanied by four flashing lamps of the kind mentioned in paragraph (6) shall indicate to drivers that they should take special care.

(9) A variable message sign which displays alternately the signs shown in diagrams 7023 and 7024 shall be manually operated.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

David Jamieson

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State,

Department for Transport

16th December 2002

SCHEDULE 1WARNING SIGNS

SCHEDULE 2REGULATORY SIGNS

SCHEDULE 3SIGNS FOR RAILWAY AND TRAMWAY LEVEL CROSSINGS

SCHEDULE 4MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATORY SIGNS

SCHEDULE 5SIGNS FOR BUS, TRAM AND PEDAL CYCLE FACILITIES

SCHEDULE 6ROAD MARKINGS

SCHEDULE 7DIRECTIONAL SIGNS

PART IPRIMARY ROUTE DIRECTIONAL SIGNS

PART IINON-PRIMARY ROUTE DIRECTIONAL SIGNS

PART IIITOURIST DESTINATION SIGNS

PART IVSIGNS FOR SERVICES AND TOURIST FACILITIES

PART VBOUNDARY SIGNS

PART VIDIRECTIONAL SIGNS TO PARKING PLACE

PART VIIDIRECTIONAL SIGNS FOR CYCLISTS AND PEDESTRIANS

PART VIIITEMPORARY AND EMERGENCY DIRECTIONAL SIGNS

PART IXOTHER NON-MOTORWAY DIRECTIONAL SIGNS

PART XMOTORWAY SIGNS

SCHEDULE 8LIGHT SIGNALS FOR THE CONTROL OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

SCHEDULE 9LIGHT SIGNALS FOR PEDESTRIANS AND ANIMAL CROSSINGS

SCHEDULE 10LANE CONTROL SIGNALS AND SIGNS

PART ILANE CONTROL SIGNALS

PART IILANE CONTROL SIGNALS

SCHEDULE 11MATRIX SIGNS AND LIGHT SIGNALS

PART IMATRIX SIGNS

PART IILIGHT SIGNALS

SCHEDULE 12ROAD WORKS SIGNS ETC

PART IMISCELLANEOUS WARNING, INFORMATORY AND REGULATORY SIGNS FOR ROAD WORKS ETC

PART IIROAD WORKS DELINEATORS AND BARRIERS

PART IIISIGNS FOR LANE CLOSURES AND CONTRA-FLOW WORKING AT ROAD WORKS

PART IVSIGNS FOR ROAD WORKS ENTRANCES AND EXITS

PART VSIGNS MOUNTED ON ROAD WORKS VEHICLES

SCHEDULE 13PROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

PART IPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

PART IIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

PART IIIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

PART IVPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

PART VPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS FOR USE ON VARIABLE MESSAGE SIGNS

PART VIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS FOR USE IN THE ROAD MARKINGS SHOWN IN SCHEDULE 6

PART VIIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF LETTERS, NUMERALS AND OTHER CHARACTERS

SCHEDULE 14PROPORTIONS AND FORM OF SYMBOLS INDICATING TYPES OF TOURIST DESTINATION

PART IPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF SYMBOLS INDICATING TYPES OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN ENGLAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES

PART IIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF SYMBOLS INDICATING TYPES OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES

PART IIIPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF SYMBOLS INDICATING TYPES OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN ENGLAND ONLY

PART IVPROPORTIONS AND FORM OF SYMBOLS INDICATING TYPES OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN SCOTLAND ONLY

Regulation 58

SCHEDULE 15LEGENDS FOR USE ON VARIABLE MESSAGE SIGNS

PART IPRELIMINARY

1.—(1) In a legend prescribed by this Schedule the number of a junction shall be shown in the form of the letter “J” followed by the number of the junction.

(2) Where this Schedule provides for a route number to be displayed on a sign, a compass point (“NORTH”, “SOUTH”, “EAST” or “WEST”) or an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”) may be added to the route number.

(3) Where any part of a legend prescribed by this Schedule is shown in square brackets, the brackets shall not be displayed on a sign.

(4) Different legends or different parts of the same legend displayed on a sign in accordance with this Schedule may be separated by a dash.

PART IISIGNS AUTOMATICALLY ACTIVATED BY VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

2.  One of the following legends may be displayed on a sign which is activated by a particular type of vehicle approaching the equipment which controls the sign—

(a)“OVERHEIGHT VEHICLE DIVERT” with—

(i)an arrow;

(ii)“USE” and a route number; or

(iii)“FOLLOW” and a symbol shown in Part VII of Schedule 13;

(b)“OVERHEIGHT VEHICLE TURN BACK”;

(c)“HIGH VEHICLE USE MIDDLE OF ROAD”; or

(d)“ONCOMING VEHICLE IN MIDDLE OF ROAD”.

PART IIILEGENDS GIVING WARNINGS OF ADVERSE WEATHER OR OTHER TEMPORARY HAZARDS OR INCIDENTS

3.—(1) A legend specified in sub-paragraph (2) may only be used in conjunction with—

(a)a legend specified in Part IV;

(b)a legend specified in Part V; or

(c)a combination of a legend specified in Part IV and a legend specified in Part V.

(2) The legends specified in this sub-paragraph are—

(a)“ACCIDENT”;

(b)“ANIMALS”;

(c)a route number, a junction number or “EXIT” and “CLOSED”;

(d)“CONGESTION”;

(e)“DEBRIS”;

(f)“DELAYS”;

(g)“DIVERSION”;

(h)“EXIT CLOSED”;

(i)“FLOODS”;

(j)“FOG”;

(k)“FOG PATCHES”;

(l)“INCIDENT”;

(m)“LANE CLOSURE”;

(n)“LANE[S]” followed by a number or numbers and “CLOSED”;

(o)“LARGE LOAD”;

(p)“LONG DELAYS”;

(q)“MOBILE WORKS”;

(r)“MOTORWAY CLOSED”;

(s)“NO PHONES”;

(t)“OBSTRUCTION”;

(u)“PEDESTRIANS”;

(v)“QUEUE”;

(w)“ROAD CLOSED”;

(x)“ROAD WORKS”;

(y)“SKID RISK”;

(z)“SLIP ROAD CLOSED”;

(aa)“SMOKE”;

(bb)“SNOW”;

(cc)“SNOW PLOUGH”;

(dd)“SPRAY”;

(ee)“STRANDED VEHICLE”;

(ff)“[STRONG] WINDS”;

(gg)“[The name of a tunnel] TUNNEL CLOSED”;

(hh)“WEIGHT CHECK”;

(ii)“WORKFORCE”.

(3) The following legends may be displayed on their own or in conjunction with another legend as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)“[The name of a bridge] BRIDGE CLOSED”;

(b)“BUS LANE CLOSED”;

(c)“GRITTING IN PROGRESS”;

(d)“NEXT SERVICE AREA CLOSED”;

(e)“ONCOMING VEHICLE”;

(f)“SETTING OUT ROAD WORKS”;

(g)“SLOW MOVING LARGE LOAD”.

(4) In sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) square brackets are used to indicate things which may be omitted.

PART IVLEGENDS INDICATING LOCATION OF TEMPORARY HAZARD OR INCIDENT

4.  One of the following legends may be used only in conjunction (either on its own or in combination with a legend specified in Part V) with a legend specified in Part III—

(a)a route number;

(b)“ON [name of bridge] BRIDGE” or “ON BRIDGE”;

(c)“AT” together with—

(i)a place name,

(ii)the name of a bridge or tunnel,

(iii)a junction name or number or a junction number and “EXIT”, or

(iv)“NEXT JCT” or “TOLL”;

(d)“AFTER” together with—

(i)a place name,

(ii)the name of a bridge or tunnel,

(iii)“BRIDGE” or “TUNNEL”,

(iv)a junction name or number, or

(v)“NEXT JCT”;

(e)a number and “MILES”;

(f)“AHEAD” preceded by a legend specified in paragraph 3(2)(v) or (w) only;

(g)“FOR” together with a number and “MILES”;

(h)“IN ROAD”;

(i)a junction number;

(j)a junction number “TO” and another junction number;

(k)“ON SLIP ROAD”;

(l)“TO” and a route number.

PART VADDITIONAL INFORMATION

5.—(1) A legend specified in sub-paragraph (2) may be used only in conjunction with a legend specified in Part III or a combination of a legend specified in Part III and a legend specified in Part IV.

(2) The legends referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are—

(a)a number and “HR DELAYS”;

(b)[“ALL TRAFFIC”] [“CARS”] [“CARAVANS”] [“HGV'S”] [“HIGH SIDED VEHS”] [“AND”] [“M'CYCLES”] “USE” and a route number or “BUS LANE” or “HARD SHOULDER”;

(c)[“ALL TRAFFIC”] [“CARS”] [“CARAVANS”] [“HGV'S”] [“HIGH SIDED VEHS”] [“AND”] [“M'CYCLES”] “FOLLOW” and a symbol shown in Part VII of Schedule 13 or a place name;

(d)[“ALL TRAFFIC”] [“CARS”] [“CARAVANS”] [“HGV'S”] [“HIGH SIDED VEHS”] [“AND”] [“M'CYCLES”] and “LEAVE AT NEXT JCT”, “LEAVE AT” and a junction name or number;

(e)“[ALTERNATIVE ROUTE] FOLLOW” and a symbol shown in Part VII of Schedule 13 or a place name;

(f)“[ALTERNATIVE ROUTE] USE” and a route number;

(g)“AT” and a place name, the name of a bridge or tunnel, “BRIDGE” or “TUNNEL”, or a junction name or number, or “NEXT JCT”;

(h)“AVOID LANE CHANGES”;

(i)“DO NOT USE HARD SHOULDER”;

(j)“FOR” and a place name “USE” and a route number;

(k)“FOR” and a place name “FOLLOW” and a symbol shown in Part VII of Schedule 13 or another place name;

(l)“HGV'S LEAVE MOTORWAY”;

(m)“LEAVE AT NEXT JCT”;

(n)“LEAVE AT” and a junction name or number;

(o)“REJOIN MAIN CARRIAGEWAY”;

(p)“SLOW”;

(q)“SLOW DOWN”.

(3) In the legends specified in paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of sub-paragraph (2), one or more of the words in square brackets may be included as appropriate.

(4) In the legends specified in paragraphs (e) and (f) of sub-paragraph (2) anything in square brackets may be omitted.

(5) In the legends specified in paragraphs (b) and (i) of sub-paragraph (2) “HARDSHOULDER” may be substituted for “HARD SHOULDER”.

PART VIOTHER LEGENDS

6.—(1) The following legends may also be displayed on a variable message sign—

(a)“SIGNAL[S] UNDER TEST”;

(b)“SIGNAL TESTS FOR” and a number of “MILES”;

(c)“SIGNAL TESTS ON SLIP ROAD”;

(d)“SIGN[S] UNDER TEST”;

(e)“END OF SIGNAL TESTS”;

(f)“END OF SIGN TESTS”.

(2) The legends specified in paragraphs (a) to (d) of sub-paragraph (1) may be displayed with a pattern which has no particular meaning but which is designed to test the functioning of the variable message sign on which it is displayed.

(3) In the legends specified in paragraphs (a) and (d) of sub-paragraph (1) the letter shown in square brackets may be omitted.

Regulation 17(1)

SCHEDULE 16PERMITTED VARIANTS

(1)(2)(3)
ItemDiagram numbersPermitted variants
1.513.2, 523.1, 524.1, 530, 531.1, 532.2, 532.3, 629, 629A, 629.1, 629.2, 629.2A, 670, 672, 673, 675 (in respect of the upper panel of the sign), 780A, 780.1A (in respect of height), 780.2A, 818.3 (other than in respect of distance), 6001, 7275, 7283, 7283.1, 7284, 7284.1, 7290 (in respect of speed limit), 7292, 7294Numerals may be varied but (with the exception of one decimal place of a metre indicating a height, width or length) no fractions or decimal places shall be used.
2.629.1Metric units to one decimal place of a metre may be substituted for imperial units when the sign is placed in combination with another sign shown in diagram 629.1 which has not been so varied.
3.

518, 519, 530.1, 543.1, 546, 547.1, 547.2, 547.4, 547.7, 547.8, 563, 563.1, 773, 883, 950.1, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2102, 2102.1, 2104, 2105.1, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2126.1, 2127, 2131, 2132, 2133, 2134, 2135, 2136, 2139, 2140, 2141, 2205, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216, 2218, 2308.1, 2322, 2323, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2328, 2329, 2504, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2601.1, 2601.2, 2603, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2610.2, 2701, 2701.1, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2801, 2802, 2803, 2804, 2805, 2806, 2925, 2929+, 7001.1

+When used on a motorway exit slip road.

An indication of distance may be shown in accordance with item 5 or 6.
4.2911, 2912, 2917, 2918Numerals indicating distance may be varied with distances being expressed in miles to the nearest mile.
5.

527, 583.1, 584.1, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2030, 2030.1, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2128, 2131, 2132, 2141, 2209, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2218, 2308.1, 2309.1, 2328, 2329, 2601.1, 2601.2, 2602.1, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2803, 2804, 2805, 2806, 2925, 2926, 2929+

+When used on a motorway exit slip road.

Numerals indicating distance may be varied with distances being expressed in miles except that the fractions ¾, ½ and ¼ may be used for distances of less than 3 miles.
6.

502, 503, 518, 519, 530.1, 543.1, 546, 547.1, 547.2, 547.3, 547.4, 547.7, 547.8, 548.1, 553.2, 554.3, 556.2, 557.2, 557.3, 557.4, 558.2, 563, 563.1, 570, 572, 573, 615.1, 773, 780.1A (in respect of distance), 811.1, 817.2, 818.1 (in respect of distances not exceeding 2 miles), 818.2 and 818.3 (in respect of distance), 820.1, 821, 876, 883, 950.1, 2010.1, 2123, 2133, 2134, 2135, 2136, 2139, 2140, 2201, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205, 2216, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2304, 2305, 2306, 2307, 2322, 2323, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2501, 2502, 2503, 2504, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2603, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2610.1, 2610.2*, 2701, 2701.1, 2713.1, 2801, 2802, 5014, 7001.1, 7004, 7012**, 7015**, 7030, 7201.1, 7208, 7209, 7256, 7306, 7307

*Distances may be expressed as “yards”, “yds”, “mile”, “miles”, “m”, “YARDS”, “YDS”, “MILE”, “MILES”, or “M”.

**Distances shall be expressed as “YARDS”, “MILE” or “MILES”

(1) Numerals indicating distance may be varied with—

(a)distances of over 3 miles being expressed in miles to the nearest mile;

(b)distances of ½ mile or more but less than 3 miles being expressed to the nearest ¼ mile with the fractions ¾, ½ and ¼ being used; and

(c)distances of less than ½ mile being expressed in yards to the nearest 10 yards other than on the signs shown in diagrams 7012 and 7015, “yards” or the abbreviation “yds ”may be used interchangeably.

(2) Where a sign includes a distance expressed in miles, “mile” as shown in diagram 2303, “miles” as shown in diagram 2316 or the distance on its own as shown in diagram 2202 shall be used as appropriate.

(3) Where a sign includes distances expressed in both miles and yards, the abbreviation “m” shall be used to indicate those distances expressed in miles.

7.832.6, 832.7, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2020, 2021, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2115, 2116, 2117, 2903, 2904, 2905, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2914, 2914.1

(1) Numerals indicating distance to a junction ahead may be added or varied. The numerals may be one of the following: “1”, “⅔”, “½” or “⅓”.

(2) Where a distance to a second exit is shown on the sign, the numerals indicating that distance may be as indicated above, or additionally “2”, “1¾”, “1⅔”, “1½”, “1⅓”, “1¼” or “¾”.

8.

2310.1, 2313.1, 2313.3, 2313.5, 2919.1*

*“1m” permitted variant does not apply to this sign.

“½m” may be varied to “2m”, “1½m”, “1m”, “⅔m” or “⅓m”.
9.557.4, 573, 780.1A, 2020, 2021, 2103, 2106.1, 2107, 2111.1, 2112, 2116, 2117, 2125, 2126, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2302, 2304, 2306, 2309.1, 2508, 2602.1, 2604, 2610.1, 2713.1, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 7030The indication of distance may be omitted from the sign.
10.818.2, 818.3, 2201, 2301, 2303, 2305, 2307, 2501, 2502The indication of distance may be replaced by an arrow pointing horizontally to the left or to the right as appropriate.
11.518, 519, 530.1, 531.2, 543.1, 546, 547.1, 547.2, 547.4, 547.7, 547.8, 548.1, 563, 563.1, 584.1, 636, 637.1, 637.3, 638, 639.1B, 650.1, 650.2, 650.3, 651, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 661A, 661.1, 662, 667, 667.1, 667.2, 668, 668.1, 668.2, 773, 818.2, 818.3, 818.4, 820, 883, 950.1, 2201, 2205, 2301, 2303, 2305, 2307, 2501, 2502, 2713.1, 7001.1, 7030An arrow may be added to the sign, pointing to the left or to the right as appropriate.
12.

2003, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2016, 2019, 2020*, 2028, 2029, 2102.1, 2103, 2106.1, 2107, 2111, 2114, 2116*, 2124.1, 2126.1, 2127, 2131, 2133, 2135, 2137.1, 2139, 2202, 2210, 2213, 2215, 2216, 2308.1, 2311.2, 2313.2, 2313.4, 2313.6, 2314.2, 2324, 2326, 2328, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2509.1, 2511, 2601.1, 2603, 2610.1, 2610.2, 2701.1, 2702, 2703, 2705, 2708, 2709, 2716, 2801, 2803, 2805, 2902.1, 2908*, 2913.2, 2920.1, 2921.1, 2924, 2926, 2927, 2929, 7018, 7303, 7304

*The arrow in the upper sign panel shall point upwards to the left at an appropriate angle. The arrow in the lower sign panel shall point vertically upwards or point upwards to the right at an appropriate angle.

The direction in which the arrow or arrows point may be varied.
13.

515, 515.1, 553, 557.3, 557.4, 573, 606*, 638.1, 639, 640, 640.2A, 660.7, 661.2A, 780.1A, 788, 810, 962, 962.1, 962.2, 2711*, 2713, 2717, 5013, 5014, 7104

*The arrow may also point vertically upwards.

The direction of the arrow or chevron may be varied with the arrow or chevron pointing horizontally to the left or to the right.
14.557.4, 638.1, 639, 640, 640.2A, 660.7, 780.1A, 962, 962.1, 962.2, 2716, 5014The arrow may be omitted from the sign.
15.832.9, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2125, 2126, 2132, 2134, 2136, 2137, 2140, 2141, 2203, 2204, 2208, 2211, 2212, 2214, 2302, 2304, 2306, 2309.1, 2311.1, 2314.1, 2322, 2323, 2325, 2327, 2329, 2504, 2507, 2508, 2512, 2602.1, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2701, 2704, 2707, 2710, 2802, 2804, 2806, 2902, 2921, 7305The direction in which the sign points may be reversed.
16.817, 817.2, 868, 868.1, 873, 874, 875, 877, 960, 960.1, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2033, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2216, 2218, 2505, 2505.1, 2509.1, 2513, 2705, 2706, 2803, 2805, 2904, 2904.1, 2908.1, 2909, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1, 2924, 2925, 2926, 2929, 6006, 6006.1, 6008, 6009, 6009.1, 6009.2, 7201, 7201.1, 7202, 7203, 7203.1, 7204, 7205, 7206, 7207, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7221, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7236, 7237, 7238, 7239, 7240, 7250, 7251, 7252, 7253, 7254, 7255, 7306, 7402Route symbols, or the number of arrows and directional sign panels, or symbols indicating which lanes are open or closed to traffic, may be varied.
17.504.1, 506.1, 507.1The thickness of the route symbols, other than the approach route symbol, shall be varied to indicate the priority route through the road junction ahead.
18.

2001, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2033, 2101, 2102, 2104, 2105.1, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2218, 2513, 2913, 2913.1*, 2914, 2914.1*, 2925

*When indicating a route other than a motorway.

The thickness of the route symbols may be varied to reflect the status of the routes indicated.
19.

674, 785.1, 818.4, 881, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2030, 2030.1, 2033, 2034, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2128, 2131, 2132, 2138, 2141, 2201, 2202, 2203, 2209, 2210, 2211, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216, 2217, 2218, 2301, 2302, 2305, 2306, 2308.1, 2309.1, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2328, 2329, 2401, 2402.1, 2403.1, 2503, 2504, 2505.1, 2509.1, 2601.1, 2601.2, 2602.1, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2610, 2610.1, 2701, 2701.1, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2709, 2710, 2716, 2803, 2804, 2805, 2806, 2806.1, 2902, 2903*, 2904, 2904.1, 2905*, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2911, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1, 2915, 2924, 2925, 2926, 2927, 2927.1, 2928, 2929, 2929.1, 7241, 7242, 7285, 7286

*Destinations may be varied or added, but not omitted.

(1) Place names, other destinations or junction names may be varied, omitted or added. “City centre”, “Town centre”, “Village centre”, “Village only”, “Other routes”, “Other traffic”, “Through traffic” or “Ring road” may be substituted for the destination. The phrases “via toll road”, “via toll”, “via tunnel”, “via ferry”, “via” and the name of a destination or a route number, “Byway to” and “Single track road” may be used in addition to the destination.

(2) “city centre”, “town centre”, “village”, “village only” or “village centre” may be added after the place name. “only” may be added after the place name or other destination.

(3) A compass point (“North”, “South”, “East” or “West”), an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”), or “Central” or “C” (meaning “Central”) may be added in brackets after the place name.

20.

818.4**, 877, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2030, 2030.1, 2031, 2033, 2034, 2035*, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2128, 2129, 2131, 2132, 2138*, 2217, 2330, 2601.1, 2602.1, 2602.2, 2602.3, 2703, 2704, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2716**, 2805, 2806, 2806.1*, 2901, 2902, 2902.1, 2903, 2904, 2904.1, 2905, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2910, 2910.1, 2911, 2912, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1, 2915, 2917, 2927.1, 2929, 2929.1, 7001.2**, 7002A**, 7002B**, 7241, 7242, 7285, 7286

*Brackets may be omitted from identification numbers of routes and any associated compass points to which a particular route leads other than a motorway. The compass point only may be included in brackets. The compass points “North West”, “North East”, “South West” and “South East” other than indicating a motorway may be shown as appropriate.

**Identification numbers of routes to which a particular route leads need not be shown in brackets. Compass points need not be shown in brackets.

(1) Identification numbers of routes may be added, varied or omitted as appropriate.

(2) A compass point (“North”, “South”, “East” or “West”) or an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”) may be added to the route number, shown in brackets in the same colour as the route number, or varied or omitted.

(3) Identification numbers of routes to which a particular route leads shall be shown in brackets. A compass point may be added alongside the number within the same pair of brackets in the manner shown in diagram 2020.

(4) Superseded route numbers may be retained provided they are cancelled with a diagonal red bar.

(5) Any motorway junction numbers may be varied or omitted. The junction number may be shown in either the bottom left hand or top left hand corner of a sign or sign assembly on a motorway.

(6) The emergency diversion route symbols shown in Part VII of Schedule 13 may be added or omitted from a diagram where shown.

21.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025*, 2026*, 2027*, 2027.1*, 2028*, 2029, 2030*, 2030.1*, 2031*, 2033, 2034*, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121*, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125*, 2126*, 2126.1*, 2127, 2128*, 2129*, 2131*, 2132*, 2138*, 2217*, 2805*, 2806*, 2806.1*, 2913*, 2913.1*#, 2913.2*, 2913.3*, 2913.4*, 2914*, 2914.1*#, 2929*+

*Permitted variant (1) does not apply to these signs.

+When used on a motorway exit slip road.

#When indicating a route other than a motorway.

(1) Where a route leads directly onto a motorway, the motorway route number, destinations and motorway symbol shall be shown in white on a blue panel and the motorway junction number may be shown in white on a black patch on the blue panel in the manner shown in diagrams 2023 and 2104. The blue panel shall have a white border when placed on a green background.

(2) Where the route leads indirectly to a motorway, the motorway route number, with or without a compass point (“North”, “South”, “East” or “West”) or an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”), shall be shown in brackets in white on a blue patch. The blue patch shall have a white border when placed on a green, brown or black background.

22.

2101, 2101.1#, 2101.2#, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114#, 2114.1, 2115#, 2115.1#, 2116#, 2117#, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1#, 2125*, 2126*, 2126.1*, 2127, 2128*, 2129*, 2131, 2132*, 2805*, 2806*, 2913**, 2913.1**##, 2913.2**, 2913.3**, 2913.4**, 2914**, 2914.1**##, 2929*+

*Permitted variant (1) does not apply to these signs.

**Permitted variant (2) does not apply to these signs.

+When used on a motorway exit slip road.

#Where the exit at a junction leads directly to both a primary and a non-primary route permitted variant (1) shall apply in respect of the primary route only. The destination and route number of the non-primary route shall be placed on the white background of the sign.

##When indicating a route other than a motorway.

(1) Where a route leads directly onto a primary route, the destinations shall appear in white letters and the route number in yellow both on a green panel. The green panel shall have a white border when placed on a blue background.

(2) Where a route leads indirectly to a primary route, the route number with or without a compass point (“North”, “South”, “East” or “West”) or an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”) shall be shown in brackets in yellow on a green patch. Where the route number of the primary route has the same route number as the non-primary route to be followed from the junction ahead, the number shall be shown on the green patch without any brackets. The green patch shall have a white border when placed on a black background.

23.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011*, 2012*, 2013*, 2014*, 2015*, 2016*, 2017*, 2018*, 2019, 2020*, 2021*, 2021.1*, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2913, 2913.1#, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1#

*Permitted variant does not apply in respect of an exit or traffic lane at a junction that leads directly to both a primary and a non-primary route.

#When indicating a route other than a motorway.

Where a route leads directly onto a non-primary route, the destination, and route number if appropriate, shall appear in black letters on a white panel. Where that route leads indirectly to a primary route, the route number with or without a compass point (“North”, “South”, “East” or “West”) or an abbreviated compass point (“N”, “S”, “E”, “W”, “NW”, “NE”, “SW” or “SE”) shall be shown in brackets in yellow on a green patch on the white panel. Where the route number of the primary route has the same route number as the non-primary route to be followed from the junction ahead, the number shall be shown on the green patch without any brackets.
24.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2115, 2115.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2913, 2913.1*, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2914, 2914.1*

*When indicating a route other than a motorway.

A symbol shown in Schedule 14 or other approved symbol, or the name of a tourist destination, or such a symbol and such a name together may be shown in white on a brown panel. In the case of the symbols shown in diagrams T6 (caravan site or park), T7 (camping site or park), T10 (light refreshment facilities), T11 (restaurant) and T12 (hotel or other overnight accommodation) a generic description of the facilities may be substituted for the name. The direction in which the symbol faces and the relative positions of the symbol and name shall be reversed as necessary. The brown panel shall have a white border when placed on a green or blue background. A brown panel may be omitted from a diagram on which it is shown.
25.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2115, 2115.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2126.1, 2127, 2913, 2913.1*, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2914, 2914.1*

*When indicating a route other than a motorway.

(1) The white lorry symbol shown in diagram 2805 may be incorporated on a black panel to indicate a route recommended for goods vehicles.

(2) The lorry symbol may be reversed. The black panel may include (a) one or more destinations in the manner shown in diagram 2007; (b) one or more route numbers in the manner shown in diagram 2805 and as indicated in item 4 of the table below that diagram.

(3) The black panel shall have a white border when placed on a green or blue background.

(4) A black panel may be omitted from a diagram on which it is shown.

26.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2115, 2115.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2126.1, 2127, 2913, 2913.1*, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2914, 2914.1*

*When indicating a route other than a motorway.

Directions to a Ministry of Defence establishment may be shown, with destinations appearing in black letters on a white panel with a red border as shown in diagram 2113. There shall be a white rim round the red border when the panel is placed on a green or blue background. A white panel may be omitted from a diagram on which it is shown.
27.2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2127A route recommended for pedal cyclists may be shown, with destinations appearing in white letters together with a white cycle symbol on a blue panel (as shown in diagram 2105.1 or 2106.1 but with or without a route number). The blue panel shall have a white border when placed on a green background. A blue panel may be omitted from a diagram on which it is shown.
28.505.1, 506.1, 507.1, 512, 512.1, 512.2, 513, 517, 555.1, 559, 609, 660.4, 789, 789.1, 789.2, 818.4, 823, 824, 825, 950, 962, 962.1, 962.2, 963, 963.1, 963.2, 1039, 1057, 2005.1, 2007, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2108, 2113, 2120, 2135, 2136, 2137, 2137.1, 2307, 2308.1, 2313.2, 2313.4, 2313.6, 2322, 2323, 2324, 2325, 2328, 2329, 2503, 2504, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2601.1, 2602.1, 2603, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2610.1, 2711, 2713.1, 2805, 2806, 2929, 4003.1, 4003.4, 6003, 7221The symbol shall be reversed where appropriate. Where a bus symbol faces left a door shall be shown at the front of that side; when the symbol is reversed to face right a window shall be substituted for the door.
29.2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2027, 2027.1, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2109, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2118, 2119, 2133, 2134, 2137, 2137.1, 2139, 2140, 2202, 2204, 2210, 2211, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216, 2304, 2306, 2322, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2602.1, 2605, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2701, 2701.1, 2801, 2802, 2902, 2924, 2926The relative positions of the symbol and other legend may be reversed.
30.2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2030, 2030.1, 2033, 2034, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2128, 2131, 2132, 2138, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2902, 2903, 2904, 2904.1, 2905, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2911, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1, 2915The aircraft symbol shown in diagram 2011 may be incorporated either with or without the name of an airport. The direction in which the symbol points may be varied, but it shall not point downwards. The symbol shall be coloured white when placed on a green or blue background and be coloured black when placed on a white or yellow background. The symbol may be omitted from a diagram on which it is shown.
31.

2001, 2002, 2003*, 2004, 2005*, 2005.1*, 2006*, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011*, 2012*, 2013*, 2014*, 2015*, 2016*, 2017*, 2018*, 2019*, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026*, 2027*, 2027.1*, 2028*, 2029*, 2033, 2035*, 2101, 2101.1*, 2101.2*, 2102, 2102.1*, 2103*, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1*, 2107*, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111*, 2111.1*, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114*, 2115*, 2115.1*, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2124.1*, 2125*, 2126*, 2126.1*, 2127*, 2133*, 2134*, 2135*, 2136*, 2202*, 2203*, 2218, 2324*, 2325*, 2326*, 2327*, 2505*, 2505.1*, 2506*, 2507*, 2508*, 2509.1*, 2510*, 2511*, 2512*, 2513, 2705*, 2706, 2707*, 2913, 2913.1**, 2913.2*, 2913.3*, 2914, 2914.1**, 2925, 2926*

*Permitted variant (5) does not apply to these signs.

**When indicating a route other than a motorway.

(1) A sign shown in diagram 523.1, 524.1, 528, 529, 529.1, 530, 544, 552, 554 (“Ford”, “Gate” or “Gates”), 555.1, 557.1, 612, 613, 616, 617 (with 618.1 varied to “No vehicles” or “No vehicles” and an indication of the distance to the prohibition as shown in diagram 2009), 619, 619.1, 619.2, 622.1A (with symbol reversed where appropriate), 622.5 (with symbol reversed where appropriate), 622.7 (with symbol reversed where appropriate), 622.8, 626.2A (prohibitory roundel only), 629, 629A, 629.1 (with symbol reversed where appropriate), 629.2, 629.2A, 770, 771, 772, 779, 950, 952 (with symbol reversed where appropriate), 953 (with symbols reversed where appropriate) (with 953.2) or 953.1 (with 953.2) may be incorporated as a symbol, and the plate shown in diagram 572 may also be incorporated as a panel beneath the symbol to indicate the distance to the hazard or prohibition indicated by the symbol.

(2) Where a bus symbol faces left a door shall be shown at the front of that side; when the symbol is reversed to face right a window shall be substituted for the door.

(3) A white border shall be added around the red triangle or roundel and the black border omitted from the plate shown in diagram 572 when the symbol or plate is placed on a green, brown or blue background on that part of the sign. Such a sign may be omitted from a diagram where it is shown.

(4) The size of lettering on a sign shown in Schedule 7 Part II shall be as shown in diagram 2027, 2107 or 2108 as appropriate when a sign, symbol or plate is incorporated.

(5) The red bar shown in diagram 816 may be incorporated as a symbol. A white border shall be added around the bar when placed on a sign with a green, blue or brown background.

32.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2115, 2115.1, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2131, 2132, 2133, 2134, 2135, 2136, 2202, 2203, 2218, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2805, 2806, 2913, 2913.1*, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2914, 2914.1*, 2925, 2926, 2929+

*When indicating a route other than a motorway.

+When used on a motorway exit slip road.

(1) Any of the following legends may be incorporated to indicate a road where a sign to diagram 820 has been placed—

  • “unsuitable for heavy goods vehicles”;

  • “unsuitable for HGVs;”;

  • “unsuitable for long vehicles”;

  • “unsuitable for wide vehicles”;

  • “unsuitable for buses”;

  • “unsuitable for caravans”;

  • “unsuitable for trailers”;

  • “unsuitable for articulated vehicles”.

(2) Any of the following legends may be incorporated to show the route avoiding a hazard or prohibition indicated by the appropriate symbol referred to in item 31; avoiding a particular route; or avoiding a road where a sign to diagram 820 has been placed—

  • “avoiding steep hill”;

  • “avoiding swing bridge”;

  • “avoiding lifting bridge”;

  • “avoiding low bridge”;

  • “avoiding weak bridge”;

  • “avoiding ford”;

  • “avoiding gated road”;

  • “avoiding toll road”;

  • “avoiding tunnel”;

  • “avoiding town centre”;

  • “avoiding level crossing”;

  • “avoiding” plus a place name or other destination;

  • “alternative route”;

  • “alternative route for goods vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for light vehicles only”;

  • “alternative route for heavy vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for HGVs”;

  • “alternative route for high vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for long vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for wide vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for buses”;

  • “alternative route for caravans”;

  • “alternative route for trailers”;

  • “alternative route for articulated vehicles”;

  • “alternative route for prohibited vehicles”;

  • “route for goods vehicles”;

  • “route for non-motorway traffic”.

(3) The size of lettering on a sign shown in Schedule 7 Part II shall be as shown in diagram 2108 or 2132 as appropriate.

33.

2004, 2005, 2107, 2109, 2112, 2113.1, 2201, 2202, 2203, 2208, 2209, 2215*, 2216, 2217, 2218, 2403.1, 2608, 2924, 2925, 2926, 2927, 2927.1

*Symbols shown in diagrams T10 (light refreshment facilities), T11 (restaurant) and T12 (hotel or other overnight accommodation) shall not be used.

(1) The symbol denoting the type of tourist destination may be omitted or varied to one of the symbols shown in Schedule 14 or other approved symbol, except that the symbols shown in diagrams T4 (picnic area), T5 (youth hostel), T6 (caravan site or park) and T7 (camping site or park), T10 (light refreshment facilities), T11 (restaurant) and T12 (hotel or other overnight accommodation) shall not be used on a motorway.

(2) A symbol shown in Schedule 14 or other approved symbol denoting the type of tourist destination may be added where not shown in the diagram.

(3) The symbol shall be reversed where appropriate.

34.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2034, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2131, 2132, 2138, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2216, 2218, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2601.1, 2602.1, 2603, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2903*, 2904*, 2904.1*, 2905*, 2906*, 2908*, 2908.1*, 2909*, 2913, 2913.1**, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1**, 2915*

*In respect of symbol No. 1 and 10 only.

**In respect of symbol No. 1 and 10 only except when indicating a route other than a motorway.

The following symbols (shown in the manner specified) may be added or omitted as appropriate—

  • The white on red double arrow symbol indicating a railway station shown in diagram 2134. A white border shall be added around the symbol when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign;

  • The red circle and blue crossbar indicating a London Underground railway station shown in diagram 2133 or the red circle and red crossbar indicating a bus station or bus stop serving buses operated by or on behalf of or under agreement with Transport for London and shown in diagram 973.2. The symbols shall be shown on a white rectangular patch when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign. Signs indicating bus stops referred to above may additionally show a bus stop code letter in white on a red circle. The red circle shall have a white border when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign;

  • A symbol or logo representing a stopping place for tramcars or vehicles forming part of a light railway transit system, or boarding place for river services, each being operated by or on behalf of or under agreement with Transport for London. A white border or rectangular patch may be used to ensure adequate contrast between the colour of the symbol or logo and the background on that part of the sign;

  • A symbol representing a Passenger Transport Executive. Where necessary a white border or rectangular patch may be used to ensure adequate contrast between the colour of the symbol and the background on that part of the sign;

  • The parking symbol shown in diagram 2505 including any of the permitted variants indicated in item 4 in the box below that diagram. The parking symbol and any associated legend and symbol shall be shown on a white panel when placed on a green or brown background on that part of the sign. Where the parking symbol is shown by itself a white border shall be added when placed on a green or brown background on that part of the sign;

  • The telephone symbol shown in diagram 2322. The symbol shall be coloured black when placed on a white or yellow background and be coloured white when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign. The symbol shall be reversed where appropriate. The legend “Payphone” or “Cardphone” may be added;

  • The disabled person symbol shown in diagram 2310.1. The symbol shall be shown on a black rectangle when placed on a white or yellow background on that part of the sign. The symbol shall be reversed where appropriate;

  • The “WC” symbol denoting toilets shown in diagram 2323. The symbol shall be coloured black when placed on a white or yellow background and be coloured white when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign;

  • The “H” symbol and associated plate denoting hospital shown in diagram 2113; “A & E” may be varied to “Minor injury unit”; “not 24 hrs” may be added to the plate. The legend on the plate may be varied to “No A&E” in which case the background colour of both the “H” symbol and the plate shall be blue. The associated plate may be placed either below or to the right of the “H” symbol. The “H” symbol may be omitted when “A&E” is varied to “Minor injury unit”. A white border shall be added around both the “H” symbol and the associated plate when placed on a green or black background on that part of the sign;

  • The ferry boat symbol shown in diagram 2007 or 2120 as appropriate. The rear car symbol may be varied to the lorry symbol. The two car symbols may be omitted and either two lorry symbols or the legend “Pedestrian ferry” added on the boat symbol. The symbol shall be coloured black with white vehicles or legend when placed on a white or yellow background and be coloured white with black vehicles or legend when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign. The name of the ferry or quay may be added above the boat symbol. The car and lorry symbols shall be reversed where appropriate with the lorry symbol to the rear of the car symbol;

  • The white on blue “Park and Ride” symbol with the words “Park and Ride” as shown in diagram 2503 or as varied as indicated in item 4 in the box below that diagram, but without an arrow and without the indication of a distance. The symbol and its associated legend shall be shown in a white panel when placed on a green or brown background on that part of the sign;

  • The symbol for a recycling centre shown in diagram 2139. The symbol shall be shown on a white rectangular patch when placed on a green, brown, blue or black background on that part of the sign;

  • The symbol for “Shopmobility” on a black patch and the word “Shopmobility” as shown in diagrams 2137 and 2137.1. The word “Shopmobility” may be centred below the symbol. The black patch shall be omitted and the white symbol placed directly on that part of the sign with a green background with the word “Shopmobility” in white letters.

35.

2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2028, 2029, 2033, 2035, 2101*, 2102*, 2102.1*, 2103*, 2104*, 2105.1*, 2106.1*, 2107*, 2108*, 2109*, 2110*, 2111*, 2111.1*, 2112*, 2113*, 2113.1*, 2114*, 2115*, 2115.1*, 2118*, 2119*, 2120*, 2121*, 2122*, 2123*, 2124*, 2124.1*, 2126.1*, 2127*

*Permitted variant (2) does not apply to these signs

(1) Where a route leads to a motorway service area, access to which is reached from a primary route or a non-primary route, the legend “Services” or a geographical name and “services” shall be shown on a blue panel. The blue panel shall have a white border when placed on a green background.

(2) Where a route leads to services indicated by a sign shown in diagram 2313.1, 2313.3 or 2313.5, the legend “Services” or a geographical name and “services” shall be shown on a white panel.

36.2001, 2002, 2003, 2005.1, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019, 2020, 2022, 2024, 2025, 2033, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2115, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2124.1The name of the junction may be indicated in a panel at the top of the sign as shown in diagram 2004, 2005, 2013, 2021, 2023 or 2110 provided a place name is not indicated as described in item 37.
37.2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2008, 2009, 2019, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2033, 2101, 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2118, 2119, 2120Where the sign is situated at or near the boundary of a town, village or suburb, the name alone of that town, village or suburb may be indicated in a panel at the top of the sign as shown in diagram 2007, provided that a junction name is not shown. Where the sign is not on a primary route the name shall be in black capital letters on a white background.
38.618, 618.1, 618.2, 618.3*, 618.3A* (in respect of the bottom panel), 620, 620.1, 636.2, 637.2*, 638.1*, 639*, 639.1B*, 640*, 640.2A*, 640.3*, 640.4*, 642.2A, 646, 650.1*, 650.2*, 650.3*, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 660.7, 661A, 661.1, 661.2A, 661.3A, 662, 663, 663.1, 665*, 667.1, 668.1, 961*, 962, 962.1, 962.2, 972, 974, 975, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 7002A, 7002B, 7002.1, 7003.1, 7005

(1) References to a time limit, the time of day, the day of the week, the month of the year, or the year may be added, varied or omitted as appropriate. References to bank or public holidays may be included.

(2) Where a diagram in column (2) is marked with an asterisk the time of the day may be expressed by the phrase “At any time” or “at any time”, as appropriate. Where such a phrase is shown in the diagram, this may be varied to any other time of day.

39.639.1B, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 660.7, 661A, 661.1, 661.2A, 661.3A, 661.4, 662, 663, 663.1

(1) A symbol, logo, number, letter or letters (capitals, lower case or both), or name identifying a parking zone or parking permit identification may be added or varied as appropriate.

(2) The size of the code letter or letters and the code letter patch may be varied and may be in any contrasting colours.

(3) The name of the traffic authority may be added.

40.

7003.1, 7006, 7006.1*, 7007.1

*Permitted variant (b) does not apply to this sign

The words “Highways Agency” may be varied to—

(a)

“The National Assembly for Wales” or “The Scottish Executive”; or

(b)

the name of the appropriate traffic authority in England or Wales or roads authority in Scotland.

The Highways Agency logo shall be varied accordingly and any appropriate style of lettering used, or omitted.

41.781The number of bells may be increased or decreased according to the width of the road over which the sign is placed. The colour of the bells may be varied.
42.7201, 7201.1, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7221, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7236, 7237, 7238, 7239, 7240Diagrams 7280 to 7284.1 may be incorporated or omitted as appropriate.
43.7201, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7221, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7236, 7237, 7238, 7239, 7240

(1) Diagrams 7285 and 7286 may be incorporated or omitted as appropriate.

(2) The legend “only” may be shown below the route number in the size and manner shown in diagram 7230.

(3) Two or more adjacent lanes may have a common route number, with or without the legend “only” alongside; the route number being placed above a horizontal bar, which in turn is placed above any other incorporated diagram (7280 to 7284.1) in the manner shown in diagram 7201.

44.7201Diagram 7287 may be incorporated.
45.7201.1Diagram 7288 may be incorporated.
46.515.1, 515.1AThe number of elements making up the sign face may be varied.

Regulation 18

SCHEDULE 17ILLUMINATION OF SIGNS

(1)(2)(3)
ItemDiagram numbersMethod of illumination
1.501, 504.1*, 505.1*, 506.1*, 507.1*, 508.1*, 509.1*, 510*, 512*, 512.1*, 512.2*, 513*, 516*, 517*, 520, 521*, 522*, 523.1*, 524.1*, 528*, 529*, 529.1*, 530, 531.1, 532.2 (in respect of the triangle symbols), 532.3 (in respect of the triangle symbols), 543, 544, 544.1, 544.2, 545*, 555, 557.1*, 601.1, 602, 606 (other than when used as described in item 6 or item 7), 609, 610 (other than when used as described in item 7), 611 (other than when used as described in item 7), 611.1, 612 (other than when used as described in item 6), 613 (other than when used as described in item 6), 614 (other than when used as described in item 6), 615, 616 (other than when used as described in item 7), 617 (other than when used with 618), 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A, 618.4, 619, 619.1, 619.2, 622.1A, 622.2, 622.4, 622.7, 622.8, 626.2A, 627.1, 629, 629A, 629.1, 629.2, 629.2A, 632, 642 (when used as a terminal sign), 652, 770, 771, 772, 779, 782, 784.1, 790, 950*, 952, 953, 953.1, 2901, 2902, 2902.1, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2913.4, 2930, 2931, 5010, 5011, 7001, 7001.3, 7004, 7005, 7006, 7009, 7010.1, 7011, 7011.1, 7012, 7013, 7027, 7201, 7201.1, 7202, 7203, 7203.1, 7204, 7205, 7206, 7207, 7208, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7221, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7236, 7237, 7238, 7239, 7240, 7241, 7242, 7250, 7251, 7252, 7253, 7254, 7255, 7256, 7260, 7261, 7262, 7263, 7264, 7270, 7271, 7272, 7274, 7275, 7290, 7291, 7292, 7293, 7294

(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) the signs shall be reflectorised in accordance with the provisions of regulation 19.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), where the sign is erected on a road within 50 metres of any lamp lit by electricity which forms part of a system of street-lighting for that road furnished by means of at least three such lamps placed not more than 183 metres (in Scotland 185 metres) apart, it shall be illuminated by a means of internal or external lighting either for so long as that system is illuminated, or throughout the hours of darkness and may also be reflectorised.

(3) A sign to which this paragraph applies shall be illuminated as mentioned in paragraph (1) or (2).

(4) Paragraph (3) applies to a sign erected as mentioned in paragraph (2) which falls within any of the following descriptions—

(a)a sign placed temporarily—

(i)for the purposes of a temporary statutory provision (other than in connection with road works);

(ii)by reason of an emergency; or

(iii)by reason of the execution of works, or of any obstruction, on a road subject to a speed limit (other than a temporary speed limit) of 40 mph or less;

(b)a sign marked with an asterisk in column (2) when placed on a single carriageway road which is not a principal or trunk road and is subject to a speed limit of 30mph or less;

(c)the sign shown in diagram 652 when placed on a road more than 50 metres from a junction with another road from which traffic can approach it;

(d)the sign shown in diagram 7004 or 7005, in either case when varied to omit the sign shown in diagram 7001 and the distance plate.

2.2711The sign shall be internally illuminated.
3.955, 956, 957, other than when used as described in item 7

(1) Where the sign is a terminal sign and is erected on a road within 50 metres of any lamp lit by electricity which forms part of a system of street-lighting for that road furnished by means of at least three such lamps placed not more than 183 metres (in Scotland 185 metres) apart, that sign shall be illuminated by a means of internal or external lighting either for so long as that system is illuminated, or throughout the hours of darkness.

(2) Where the sign is erected in such a manner that it is not required to be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by a means of internal or external lighting, it shall be reflectorised in accordance with regulation 19.

4.515, 515.1, 515.1A, 528.1, 548, 549, 550, 550.1, 550.2, 551, 551.1, 551.2, 552, 553.1, 554, 554.1, 554.2, 555.1, 556, 556.1, 557, 558, 558.1, 559, 562, 574, 581, 582, 583, 584, 633, 642 (when used other than as a terminal sign), 642.2A, 642.3, 646, 647, 650.1, 663, 663.1, 664, 665, 666, 774, 775, 777, 783, 785.1, 786, 787, 788, 789, 789.1, 789.2, 801, 811, 816, 817, 818, 818.1, 818.1A, 818.2, 818.3, 818.4, 820, 820.1, 821, 822, 823, 824, 825, 827.1, 827.2, 827.3, 829.1, 829.2, 829.3, 829.4, 829.5, 829.6, 830, 830.1, 830.2, 830.3, 831, 831.2, 832, 832.1A, 832.2A, 832.3, 832.4, 832.5, 832.6, 832.7, 832.8, 832.9, 832.10A, 868, 868.1, 872.1, 873, 874, 875, 876, 877, 878, 879, 880, 881, 882, 883, 951 (other than when used as described in item 7), 958, 958.1, 959, 959.1, 960, 960.1, 961, 962, 962.1, 962.2, 964, 969, 974, 975, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028, 2029, 2030, 2030.1, 2031, 2032, 2033, 2034, 2035, 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2128, 2129, 2130, 2131, 2132, 2133, 2134, 2135, 2136, 2137, 2137.1, 2138, 2139, 2140, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2304, 2307, 2308.1, 2309.1, 2310.1, 2311.1, 2311.2, 2313.1, 2313.2, 2313.3, 2313.4, 2313.5, 2313.6, 2314.1, 2314.2, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2328, 2329, 2330, 2501, 2502, 2503, 2504, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2702, 2703, 2704, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2708, 2709, 2710, 2713.1, 2716, 2803, 2804, 2805, 2806, 2806.1, 2903, 2904, 2904.1, 2905, 2906, 2910, 2910.1, 2911, 2912, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2914, 2914.1, 2915, 2917, 2918, 2918.1, 2919.1, 2920.1, 2921, 2921.1, 2922, 2924, 2925, 2926, 2927, 2927.1, 2928, 2929, 2929.1, 2932, 2933, 2934, 4005 (in respect of the warning sign), 5012, 5013, 5014, 5015, 7002A, 7002B, 7002.1, 7003.1, 7006.1, 7014, 7015, 7019, 7020, 7025, 7026, 7028, 7029, 7032, 7104, 7105, 7301, 7302, 7303, 7304, 7305, 7306, 7307, 7402, 7403The sign may be illuminated by a means of internal or external lighting but, if not so illuminated throughout the hours of darkness, it shall be reflectorised in accordance with regulation 19.
5.7023, 7024, 7031The sign shall be illuminated by a means of internal or external lighting throughout the hours of darkness.
6.606, 612, 613, 614, 954.5, 954.6, 954.7Where the sign is fixed to light signals prescribed by regulation 33, it shall be illuminated by a means of internal lighting at all times except when the light signals to which it is fixed are being maintained or repaired.
7.606, 610, 611, 616, 951, 955, 956, 957Where the sign is mounted in a bollard fitted with a means of lighting it internally, the sign shall be illuminated throughout the hours of darkness by that means of internal lighting.
8.502, 503, 511, 513.1, 513.2, 518, 519, 525, 526, 527, 530.1, 531.2, 543.1, 546, 547.1, 547.2, 547.3, 547.4, 547.7, 547.8, 548.1, 553, 553.2, 554.3, 556.2, 557.2, 557.3, 557.4, 558.2, 563, 563.1, 570, 572, 573, 575, 583.1, 584.1, 607, 608, 615.1, 618, 618.1, 620, 620.1, 622.9, 645, 773, 778, 778.1, 780A, 780.1A, 780.2A, 804.1, 804.2, 804.3, 804.4, 811.1, 817.2, 950.1, 953.2, 954, 954.2, 954.3, 954.4, 2602.3, 7001.1, 7001.2, 7021, 7022, 7030, 7209See regulation 20.
9.530.2, 532.2 and 532.3 in respect of parts of the signs other than the triangle symbols, 617 (when used with 618), 622.5, 622.6, 625.1, 636, 636.1, 636.2, 637.1, 637.2, 637.3, 638, 638.1, 639, 639.1B, 640, 640.1, 640.2A, 640.3, 640.4, 640.5, 650.2, 650.3, 651, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 660.7, 661A, 661.1, 661.2A, 661.3A, 661.4, 662, 667, 667.1, 667.2, 668, 668.1, 668.2, 810, 814.1, 814.2, 814.3, 814.4, 816.1, 826, 826.1, 833, 834, 835, 836, 857, 857.1, 864.1, 865, 953.3, 963, 963.1, 963.2, 963.3, 965, 966, 967, 968, 968.1, 970, 971, 972, 973.2, 973.3, 976, 2141, 2201, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205, 2208, 2209, 2210, 2211, 2212, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216, 2217, 2218, 2305, 2306, 2322, 2323, 2401, 2402.1, 2403.1, 2601.1, 2601.2, 2602.1, 2602.2, 2603, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2610.1, 2610.2, 2701, 2701.1, 2712, 2713, 2717, 2801, 2802, 7007.1, 7008, 7016, 7017, 7018, 7018.1, 7404The sign or plate may be left unlit, or be illuminated either by means of internal or external lighting or by the use of retroreflecting material.
10.670, 671, 672, 673

(1) Where the sign is a terminal sign and is erected on a trunk or principal road within 50 metres of a street lamp lit by electricity, it shall throughout the hours of darkness—

(a)be continuously illuminated by means of internal or external lighting and may also be reflectorised; or

(b)while the street lamp is lit, be continuously illuminated by means of external lighting and shall also be reflectorised.

(2) If any sign is required to be illuminated in the manner and at the times described in paragraph (1) above—

(a)every sign shown in the same diagram as the first-mentioned sign which is erected at or near the same point on the road or the same junction for the same purpose as the first-mentioned sign shall be continuously illuminated throughout the same period by the same means of lighting as the first-mentioned sign; and

(b)if any of the signs is reflectorised, every other such sign shall be similarly illuminated.

11.670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 675

If the sign is not required by item 10 to be illuminated by lighting throughout the hours of darkness or throughout such hours while a street lamp is lit, it may be illuminated by a means of internal or external lighting; but if not so illuminated, it shall be reflectorised in accordance with regulation 19.

Paragraph (2) of item 10 shall apply as if the sign were a sign required by paragraph (1) of item 10 to be illuminated by lighting throughout the hours of darkness or throughout those hours while a street lamp is lit.

12.1001, 1001.1, 1001.2, 1001.3, 1002.1, 1003, 1003.1, 1003.2, 1003.3, 1003.4, 1004, 1004.1, 1005, 1005.1, 1008, 1008.1, 1009, 1010, 1012.1, 1012.2, 1012.3, 1013.1, 1013.3, 1013.4, 1014, 1017, 1018.1, 1019, 1020.1, 1022, 1023, 1024, 1024.1, 1025.1, 1025.3, 1025.4, 1026, 1026.1, 1027.1, 1028.2, 1028.3, 1028.4, 1029, 1032, 1033, 1035, 1036.1, 1036.2, 1037.1, 1038, 1038.1, 1039, 1040, 1040.2, 1040.3, 1040.4, 1040.5, 1041, 1041.1, 1042, 1042.1, 1043, 1044, 1045, 1046, 1048, 1048.1, 1048.2, 1048.3, 1048.4, 1049, 1049.1, 1050, 1055.1, 1055.2, 1057, 1058, 1058.1, 1059, 1062, 1063, 1064, 1065, 1066See regulation 31.
13.560, 561See regulation 21.
14.776When activated, the sign shall be illuminated by an intermittent red light flashing at a rate of not less than 54 nor more than 90 flashes per minute.
15.515.2, 2714, 2715, 3014 (in respect of the backing board), 7031

(1) The parts of the sign coloured other than black or orange shall be reflectorised in accordance with regulation 19.

(2) The parts coloured orange of the signs in diagrams 2714 and 2715 may be so illuminated and may be fluorescent.

(3) The part of the sign in diagram 7031 coloured yellow shall be fluorescent, except as provided in regulation 19(4). The part of the sign in diagram 7031 coloured red may be fluorescent.

16.7101.1, 7102, 7103See regulation 56.

Regulation 4

SCHEDULE 18INTERPRETATION OF “UNLADEN VEHICLE”

1.  In these Regulations “unladen vehicle” means, subject to paragraph 3—

(a)a motor vehicle not drawing a trailer or otherwise forming part of a combination of vehicles; or

(b)a combination of vehicles comprising one motor vehicle drawing one or more trailers,

in relation to which the conditions specified in paragraph 2 below are satisfied.

2.  The conditions are—

(a)that the motor vehicle is a motor car, a heavy motor car, or a motor tractor;

(b)that no goods or burden are being carried in the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles; and

(c)that not more than 2 persons (excluding the driver) are being carried in the motor vehicle or combination of vehicles.

3.  For the purposes of this Schedule, the following are to be deemed not to constitute goods or burden—

(a)in the case of a motor vehicle constructed or adapted for use and used for the conveyance of a machine or device which is built in as part of the vehicle, that machine or device and any articles used in connection with it;

(b)water, fuel or accumulators used for the purpose of the supply of power for the propulsion of a vehicle or, as the case may be, of any vehicle by which a trailer is drawn, and loose tools and loose equipment.

Regulation 29

SCHEDULE 19BUS STOP AND BUS STAND CLEARWAYS AND BOX JUNCTIONS

PART ISIGNIFICANCE OF BUS STOP AND BUS STAND CLEARWAY MARKINGS

Interpretation of Part I of Schedule

1.  For the purposes of this Part of this Schedule—

(a)“clearway” means an area of carriageway bounded by the continuous and broken straight yellow lines comprised in the road marking in diagram 1025.1, 1025.3 or 1025.4 and “bus stop clearway” means a clearway on which the words “BUS STOP” are marked; and

(b)a vehicle shall be taken to have stopped within a clearway if—

(i)any point in the clearway is below the vehicle or its load (if any); and

(ii)the vehicle is stationary.

Prohibition conveyed by road markings

2.  The road markings in diagrams 1025.1, 1025.3 and 1025.4 shall each convey the prohibition that, subject to the exceptions specified in paragraphs 3 and 4, no person driving a vehicle shall cause it to stop within the clearway—

(a)at any time, if the sign shown in diagram 974 or 975 placed in conjunction with the markings is varied so as to omit the reference to times of day; or

(b)in any other case, during the period specified on that sign.

Exceptions in favour of buses

3.  Nothing in paragraph 2 applies to the driver of a bus being used in the provision of a local service who causes the bus to stop within the clearway for so long as may be necessary—

(a)to maintain the published timetable for the service (provided, in the case of a bus stop clearway, the bus is not stopped within the clearway for a period exceeding two minutes);

(b)to enable passengers to board or alight from the bus; or

(c)to enable the crew of the bus to be changed.

Other exceptions

4.—(1) Nothing in paragraph 2 applies in relation to—

(a)a vehicle being used for fire brigade, ambulance or police purposes;

(b)anything done with the permission or at the direction of—

(i)a constable in uniform;

(ii)a traffic warden; or

(iii)where the clearway is in a special parking area designated under Part II of the Road Traffic Act 1991 or Schedule 3 to that Act, a parking attendant appointed under section 63A of the 1984 Act(41);

(c)a vehicle which is prevented from proceeding by circumstances beyond the driver’s control or which has to be stopped in order to avoid injury or damage to persons or property;

(d)a taxi which is stationary only for so long as may be reasonably necessary for a passenger to board or alight and to load or unload any luggage of the passenger;

(e)a marked vehicle which, whilst used by a universal service provider in the course of the provision of a universal postal service, is stationary only for so long as may be reasonably necessary for postal packets to be collected;

(f)a vehicle driven by a person whilst being trained to drive a bus operating local services who, as part of his training, stops the vehicle within a clearway for no longer than necessary to simulate the stopping of a bus at a bus stop for the purpose of picking up and setting down passengers;

(g)a vehicle which is stationary in order that it may be used for one or more of the purposes specified in paragraph 5 and which cannot be used for such a purpose without stopping in the clearway.

(2) In sub-paragraph (1)(e) the expressions “universal service provider”, “provision of a universal postal service” and “postal packet” shall bear the same meanings as in the Postal Services Act 2000(42).

Permitted purposes

5.  The purposes referred to in paragraph 4(g) are—

(a)any operation involving building, demolition or excavation;

(b)the removal of any obstruction to traffic;

(c)the maintenance, improvement or reconstruction of a road;

(d)constructing, improving, maintaining or cleaning any street furniture including bus stop infrastructure; or

(e)the laying, erection, alteration, repair or cleaning of any sewer or of any main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any telecommunications apparatus kept installed for the purposes of a telecommunications code system or of any other telecommunications apparatus lawfully kept installed in any position.

PART IISIGNIFICANCE OF BOX JUNCTION MARKINGS

Interpretation of Part II of Schedule

6.  In this Part of this Schedule—

(a)“box junction” means the area of carriageway marked with yellow cross-hatching at a junction between two or more roads on which there has been placed the road marking shown in diagram 1043 or 1044; and

(b)a reference (however expressed) to a vehicle which is stationary or stops within a box junction includes a vehicle which is stationary whilst part of it is within the box junction.

Prohibition conveyed by markings in diagram 1043 or 1044

7.—(1) Except when placed in the circumstances described in paragraph 8, the road markings shown in diagrams 1043 and 1044 shall each convey the prohibition that no person shall cause a vehicle to enter the box junction so that the vehicle has to stop within the box junction due to the presence of stationary vehicles.

(2) The prohibition in sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to any person—

(a)who causes a vehicle to enter the box junction (other than a box junction at a roundabout) for the purpose of turning right; and

(b)stops it within the box junction for so long as it is prevented from completing the right turn by oncoming vehicles or other vehicles which are stationary whilst waiting to complete a right turn.

Prohibition conveyed when markings are placed in conjunction with signs in diagrams 615 and 811

8.  When the road marking shown in diagram 1043 or 1044 is placed in conjunction with the signs shown in diagrams 615 and 811 on an area of carriageway which is less than 4.5 metres wide at its narrowest point, the road marking shall convey the prohibition that no person shall cause a vehicle to enter the box junction so that the vehicle has to stop within the box junction due to the presence of oncoming vehicles or other stationary vehicles beyond the box junction.

PART IITHE TRAFFIC SIGNS GENERAL DIRECTIONS 2002

Citation and commencement

1.  This Part of this Instrument—

(a)may be cited—

(i)as the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002, and

(ii)together with Part I above, as the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002; and

(b)shall come into force on 31st January 2003.

Revocations

2.  The Traffic Signs General Directions 1994(43), the Traffic Signs General (Amendment) Directions 1995(44), the Traffic Signs General (Amendment) (No. 2) Directions 1995(45) and the Traffic Signs General (Amendment) Directions 1999(46) are hereby revoked.

Interpretation—general

3.—(1) In these Directions—

(a)“one-way road” has the meaning given in paragraph 1 of the Schedule;

(b)“the Regulations” means the Traffic Signs Regulations 2002(47); and

(c)the expressions listed in paragraph (2) have the same meaning as in the Regulations.

(2) Those expressions are—

  • “the 1984 Act”;

  • “central reservation”;

  • “contra-flow”;

  • “controlled parking zone”;

  • “cycle lane”;

  • “cycle track”;

  • “dual carriageway road”;

  • “EEA Standard”;

  • “equestrian crossing”;

  • “junction”;

  • “level crossing”;

  • “maximum gross weight”;

  • “motorway”;

  • “mph”;

  • “non-primary route”;

  • “pedal cycle”;

  • “pedestrian zone”;

  • “plate”;

  • “primary route”;

  • “primary signals”;

  • “principal road”;

  • “reflectorised”;

  • “retroreflecting material”;

  • “road marking”;

  • “route”;

  • “school crossing place”;

  • “secondary signals”;

  • “sign”;

  • “signal-controlled crossing facility”;

  • “signal-controlled pedestrian facility”;

  • “speed limit” and “national speed limit”;

  • “stud”;

  • “temporary statutory provision”;

  • “traffic lane”;

  • “Toucan crossing”;

  • “variable message sign”;

  • “Zebra crossing”; and

  • “zig-zag line”.

Interpretation of references

4.  In these Directions, unless it is expressly provided otherwise or the context otherwise requires—

(a)a reference to a numbered direction is a reference to the direction so numbered in these Directions;

(b)a reference to a numbered paragraph is a reference to the paragraph so numbered in the direction in which the reference occurs;

(c)a reference to a sub-paragraph followed by a number or letter is a reference to the sub-paragraph bearing that number or letter in the direction in which the reference occurs;

(d)a reference to a numbered diagram is a reference to the diagram so numbered in a Schedule to the Regulations;

(e)a reference to a sign shown in a diagram in a Schedule to the Regulations includes a reference to that sign as varied in accordance with the Regulations;

(f)a reference to a numbered regulation or Schedule is a reference to the regulation of, or to the Schedule to, the Regulations so numbered; and

(g)in any direction which includes a table, references to a table are to the table, or in the case of a numbered table to the table so numbered, in that direction.

Saving

5.  Any sign, which immediately before the coming into force of these Directions was—

(a)placed on or near any road in conformity with the Traffic Signs General Directions 1994; or

(b)was by virtue of those Directions to be treated as placed in conformity with those Directions,

shall, so long as it would have continued to conform or be treated as conforming with those Directions if they had not been revoked, be treated as if placed in conformity with these Directions, notwithstanding any provision of these Directions to the contrary.

Sign to be placed only at sites approved by the Secretary of State

6.  The sign shown in diagram 601.1 shall not be placed for the first time at any site except with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the National Assembly for Wales.

Signs to be placed only to indicate the effect of a statutory prohibition

7.—(1) Except as provided by paragraph (3), the signs to which this paragraph applies may be placed on or near a road only to indicate the effect of an Act, order, regulation, byelaw or notice (“the effect of a statutory provision”) which prohibits or restricts the use of the road by traffic.

(2) Paragraph (1) applies to—

(a)the signs shown in diagrams 606, 607, 609, 612, 613, 614, 616, 617, 618, 618.1, 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A, 618.4, 619, 619.1, 619.2, 620, 620.1, 622.1A, 622.2, 622.4, 622.5, 622.6, 622.7, 622.8, 622.9, 625.1, 626.2A, 627.1, 629, 629A, 629.1, 629.2, 629.2A, 632, 636, 636.1, 636.2, 637.1, 637.2, 637.3, 638, 638.1, 639, 639.1B, 640, 640.2A, 640.3, 640.4, 640.5, 642, 642.2A, 642.3, 646, 647, 650.1, 650.2, 650.3, 651, 652, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 660.7, 661A, 661.1, 661.2A, 661.3A, 661.4, 662, 663, 663.1, 664, 665, 666, 667, 667.1, 667.2, 668, 668.1, 668.2, 670, 671, 672, 673, 674, 675, 804.1, 804.2, 804.3, 804.4, 810, 818.2, 818.3, 818.4, 951, 952, 953, 953.1, 953.2, 954, 954.2, 954.3, 954.4, 954.5, 954.6, 954.7, 955, 956, 957, 958, 958.1, 959, 959.1, 960, 960.1, 961, 962, 962.2, 963, 963.2, 963.3, 964, 969, 1017, 1018.1, 1019, 1020.1, 1028.2, 1028.3 (except when used in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 786), 1028.4, 1032, 1033, 1036.1, 1036.2, 1037.1, 1046, 1048, 1048.1, 1048.2, 1048.3, 1048.4, 1049, 1049.1, 1050, 1065, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2107, 2108, 2123, 2124, 5001.1, 5001.2, 5003, 5003.1, 5005, 5005.1, 7201, 7201.1, 7203.1, 7204, 7207, 7210, 7211.1, 7212, 7213, 7214, 7215, 7216, 7217, 7218, 7220, 7230, 7231, 7232, 7233, 7234, 7235, 7260, 7261, 7282, 7283, 7283.1, 7284, 7284.1 and 7290; and

(b)any sign which, by virtue of regulation 17 and item 31 of Schedule 16, incorporates as a symbol a sign shown in a diagram specified in sub-paragraph (a).

(3) A sign shown in a diagram specified in an item in column (2) of the Table may be placed at a site or in circumstances specified in column (3) of that item notwithstanding that it does not at that site or in those circumstances indicate the effect of a statutory provision.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDiagramSite or circumstances
1.606On the central island of a roundabout or in combination with a plate of the type shown in diagram 608
2.609On a road approaching its junction with a dual carriageway road whether or not in combination with a plate of the type shown in diagram 608
3.616, 1046At a site which has been approved by the Secretary of State
4.629.2, 629.2A

On—

(a)

a road which passes under or through a bridge, tunnel or other structure which limits the height of vehicles using that road; or

(b)

any such bridge, tunnel or other structure

5.2003, 2007, 2009, 2107, 2108 or a sign to which paragraph (1) applies by virtue of paragraph (2)(b)

When—

(a)

including a symbol representing diagram 629.2 or 629.2A in the circumstances specified in item 4; or

(b)

not including a symbol representing a sign to which paragraph (1) applies

6.818.2, 818.3, 818.4When placed in the circumstances specified in item 4 above to indicate that the prohibition indicated by the sign shown in diagram 629.2 or 629.2A is ahead

(4) The sign shown in diagram 626.2A may be placed only to indicate the effect of a statutory provision which restricts the use of a road carried by a bridge or other structure—

(a)in the case of vehicles required to be marked with their maximum gross weight, to any vehicle with a maximum gross weight not exceeding that indicated on the sign; or

(b)in the case of vehicles not required to be marked with their maximum gross weight but required to be marked with their unladen weight, to any vehicle with an unladen weight not exceeding the maximum gross weight indicated on the sign.

The placing of certain signs to indicate the beginning of a restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit

8.—(1) This direction applies to the signs shown in diagrams 616, 617, 618, 618.1, 618.2, 618.3, 618.3A, 619, 619.1, 619.2, 620, 620.1, 622.1A, 622.4, 622.5, 622.6, 622.7, 622.8, 622.9, 625.1, 626.2A, 627.1, 629, 629A, 629.1, 629.2, 629.2A, 632, 642, 646, 663, 663.1, 665, 667, 667.1, 668, 668.1, 670, 672, 674, 951, 952, 953, 953.1, 955, 956 and 957.

(2) In accordance with the following provisions of this direction and the provisions of direction 9, appropriate signs to which this direction applies shall be placed to indicate the point at which a restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit applying to traffic on a road (in this direction and in direction 9 called “the relevant road”) begins.

(3) Subject to paragraphs (4), (5) and (6) and to direction 9, a sign to which this direction applies shall be placed on the relevant road at or as near as practicable to the point referred to in paragraph (2)—

(a)where the relevant road has only one carriageway, on each side of that carriageway; or

(b)where the relevant road has more than one carriageway, on each side of each carriageway in relation to which the restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit begins.

(4) Where the relevant road has one carriageway, then signs to which this direction applies need only be placed on one side of the relevant road to indicate the point at which a restriction, requirement, prohibition (but not a speed limit) begins in the following cases—

(a)where the restriction, requirement or prohibition applies only to traffic on one side of the relevant road; or

(b)at a junction where—

(i)traffic proceeding on another road on which it is permitted to proceed only in one direction turns into the relevant road; or

(ii)the carriageway of the relevant road is less than 5 metres wide and the sign is so placed that its centre is within 2 metres of the edge of the carriageway.

(5) Where a length of road which passes under or through a bridge, tunnel or other structure is subject to a prohibition on vehicles exceeding a particular height, the sign shown in diagram 629.2 or 629.2A may be placed on the bridge, tunnel or other structure to indicate the prohibition in addition to or instead of the signs required to be placed by paragraph (3).

(6) Paragraphs (3) and (4) shall not apply to the signs shown in diagrams 667, 667.1, 668 and 668.1 which shall be placed on the side of the carriageway on which parking on a verge or footway is permitted and as near as is practicable to the point at which the length of the verge or footway concerned begins.

Beginning of a speed limit—further provisions

9.—(1) Direction 8(3) does not apply where a speed limit in force on the relevant road begins—

(a)at a point where the relevant road begins, being a point where it has no junction with another road; or

(b)at a point where the relevant road has a junction with another road and the same speed limit is in force on both roads.

(2) This paragraph applies where the relevant road has a junction (“the junction”) with the side of another road (“the other road”) and a maximum speed limit is in force on the other road which is different from the speed limit in force on the relevant road.

(3) Where paragraph (2) applies, it is sufficient compliance with direction 8(2), for the purpose of indicating the beginning of the speed limit on the relevant road to traffic entering it from the other road, if the sign shown in diagram 670, 674 or 675 is placed not further than 20 metres from the junction, on the left hand or near side of the carriageway of the relevant road as viewed in the direction of travel of such traffic or, where the relevant road is a dual carriageway road, on the left hand or near side of the carriageway by which traffic may pass into the relevant road from the other road.

(4) Where paragraph (2) applies, for the purpose of indicating the speed limit in force on the other road to traffic entering that road from the relevant road, the sign shown in diagram 670, 674 or 675 shall (subject to paragraph (5)) be placed not further than 20 metres from the junction and so as to be visible to such traffic, on each side of the carriageway by which traffic may pass from the relevant road into the other road.

(5) Paragraph (4) does not apply if—

(a)the maximum speed limit in force on the other road is greater than that in force on the relevant road; and

(b)signs indicating the maximum speed limit have been placed on the other road in accordance with direction 11 on each side of, and not more than 100 metres from, the junction.

The placing of certain signs to indicate the end of a restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit

10.—(1) When the sign shown in diagram 618.4, 622.2, 645, 647, 664, 666, 667.2, 668.2, 673, 675 or 964 is placed to indicate the point at which traffic on a road ceases to be subject to a restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit, the sign shall be placed on the road as near as practicable to that point.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), where a length of road ceases to be subject to a speed limit and becomes subject to a national speed limit, the sign shown in diagram 671 shall be placed at or as near as practicable to the point where the speed limit ends and the national speed limit begins.

(3) Where a temporary restriction of speed has been imposed under section 14 of the 1984 Act along a length of road by reason of works which are being or are proposed to be executed on or near that road, there shall be placed at or as near as practicable to the point where the temporary restriction of speed ends—

(a)the sign shown in diagram 7006 or in diagram 7001 (placed in combination with the plate shown in diagram 645); and

(b)in a case where, but for the temporary speed limit, a change in speed limit would at some point have occurred along the length of road, the sign shown in diagram 670 (varied as appropriate) or 671.

(4) When the sign shown in diagram 671, 673 or 675 is placed to indicate the point at which traffic on a road ceases to be subject to a speed limit—

(a)where the road has only one carriageway, one such sign shall be placed on each side of the carriageway of the road; or

(b)where the road has more than one carriageway, one such sign shall be placed on each side of each carriageway on which the speed limit ends.

(5) Where a road (“the relevant road”) has a junction with the side of another road (“the other road”) and—

(a)a maximum speed limit is in force on the other road; and

(b)a national speed limit is in force on the relevant road,

then, for the purpose of indicating the national speed limit to traffic entering the relevant road from the other road, the sign shown in diagram 671 or 675 shall be placed on the relevant road in accordance with paragraph (6).

(6) The sign shall be placed not more than 20 metres from the junction with the other road on the left hand or near side of the relevant road as viewed in the direction of travel of a vehicle entering the relevant road from the other road or, if the relevant road is a dual carriageway road, on the left hand or near side of the carriageway by which a vehicle may pass into the relevant road from the other road.

(7) Where the relevant road has a junction with the side of the other road and—

(a)a national speed limit is in force on the other road; and

(b)a maximum speed limit is in force on the relevant road,

then, for the purpose of indicating the national speed limit to traffic entering the other road from the relevant road, traffic signs shown in diagram 671 or 675 shall be placed in accordance with paragraph (8) on the relevant road not further than 20 metres from the junction.

(8) If the relevant road has one carriageway, one such sign shall be placed on each side of that carriageway and, if the relevant road is a dual carriageway road, one such sign shall be placed on each side of the carriageway by which traffic may pass from the relevant road into the other road.

Repeater signs

11.—(1) Paragraph (2) applies to the signs shown in diagrams 614, 632, 636, 636.1, 636.2, 637.1, 637.2, 637.3, 638, 638.1 when the arrow is omitted, 639 when the arrow is omitted, 639.1B, 640 when the arrow is omitted, 642, 646, 650.1, 650.2, 650.3, 660, 660.3, 660.4, 660.5, 660.6, 661A, 661.1, 662, 670 (except when displayed on a variable message sign in the manner mentioned in regulation 58(7)(b)), 672, 956, 957, 959, 959.1, 960, 960.1 and 961.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), signs to which this paragraph applies shall be placed at regular intervals along a road which is subject to a restriction, requirement, prohibition or speed limit which can be indicated by the signs.

(3) Signs shown in diagram 670 when varied to “20” need not be placed in accordance with paragraph (2) on a road within an area into which each entrance for vehicular traffic has been indicated by the sign shown in diagram 674.

(4) The sign shown in diagram 670 (except when displayed on a variable message sign in the manner mentioned in regulation 58(7)(b)) shall not be placed along—

(a)a road on which there is provided a system of carriageway lighting furnished by lamps lit by electricity placed not more than 183 metres apart in England and Wales or not more than 185 metres apart in Scotland and which is subject to a speed limit of 30 mph; or

(b)a motorway on which a national speed limit is in force.

(5) The sign shown in diagram 671 shall be placed at regular intervals along the length of a road (other than a motorway) on which—

(a)there is a system of street or carriageway lighting furnished by lamps lit by electricity placed not more than 183 metres apart in England and Wales or not more than 185 metres apart in Scotland; and

(b)a national speed limit is in force.

Signs to be placed only on specified types of road

12.—(1) The signs shown in diagrams 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2005.1, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010.1, 2010.2, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2021.1, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2030, 2030.1, 2032, 2033, 2034, 2035 and 2717 may be placed only on or near a primary route.

(2) The signs shown in diagrams 2026, 2027, 2027.1, 2028 and 2029 may be placed only on a primary route, or on a non-primary route at a junction with a primary route.

13.—(1) The signs shown in diagrams 2101, 2101.1, 2101.2, 2102, 2102.1, 2103, 2104, 2105.1, 2106.1, 2107, 2108, 2109, 2110, 2111, 2111.1, 2112, 2113, 2113.1, 2114, 2114.1, 2115, 2115.1, 2116, 2117, 2118, 2119, 2120, 2121, 2122, 2123, 2124, 2124.1, 2128, 2129, 2130, 2131, 2133, 2135, 2137.1, 2138 and 2139 may be placed only on or near a non-primary route.

(2) The signs shown in diagrams 2125, 2126, 2126.1, 2127, 2132, 2134, 2136, 2137, 2140, 2322 and 2323 may be placed only on or near a non-primary route, or on a primary route at a junction with a non-primary route.

(3) The signs shown in diagrams 1012.3, 2031, 2201, 2202, 2203, 2204, 2205, 2208, 2209, 2210, 2211, 2212, 2213, 2214, 2215, 2216, 2217, 2218, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2304, 2305, 2306, 2307, 2308.1, 2309.1, 2310.1, 2311.1, 2311.2, 2313.1, 2313.2, 2313.3, 2313.4, 2313.5, 2313.6, 2314.1, 2314.2, 2324, 2325, 2326, 2327, 2328, 2329, 2330, 2401, 2402.1, 2403.1, 2501, 2502, 2504, 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2509.1, 2510, 2511, 2512, 2513, 2601.1, 2601.2, 2602.1, 2602.2, 2602.3, 2603, 2604, 2605, 2606, 2607, 2608, 2609, 2610, 2610.1, 2610.2, 2701, 2701.1, 2702, 2703, 2704, 2705, 2706, 2707, 2708, 2709, 2710, 2712, 2713.1, 2801, 2802, 2803, 2804, 2805, 2806, 2806.1, 7031, 7242 and 7285 may not be placed on a motorway.

(4) The sign shown in diagram 2141 may only be placed on or near a minor route at a junction with another minor route and, for this purpose, “minor route” means any road except a road to which the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the National Assembly for Wales has assigned a number prefixed by the letter A, B or M.

14.—(1) The signs shown in diagrams 832.3, 1012.2, 1064, 2901, 2903, 2904, 2904.1, 2905, 2906, 2908, 2908.1, 2909, 2910, 2910.1, 2911, 2912, 2913, 2913.1, 2913.2, 2913.3, 2913.4, 2914, 2914.1, 2915, 2917, 2918, 2918.1, 2919.1, 2920.1, 2921, 2921.1, 2922, 2924, 2925, 2926, 2927, 2927.1, 2928, 2929, 2929.1, 2930, 2931, 2932, 2933, 2934, 7241 and 7286 may be placed only on or near a motorway.

(2) The signs shown in diagrams 2902 and 2902.1 may be placed only on a motorway or on another road at a junction with a motorway.

15.—(1) The signs shown in diagrams 823, 824, 825, 868, 868.1, 872.1, 873, 874, 875, 876 and 2713 may be placed only on or near—

(a)a motorway when the colour of the background of the sign is blue;

(b)a primary route when the colour of the background of the sign is green; or

(c)a non-primary route when the colour of the background of the sign is white.

(2) The sign shown in diagram 872.1 may only be placed on a dual carriageway road or a one-way road.

(3) The sign shown in diagram 877 may be placed only on or near—

(a)a motorway exit slip road when the colour of the background of the sign is blue;

(b)a primary route when the colour of the background of the sign is green; or

(c)a non-primary route when the colour of the background of the sign is white.

Speed limits of 20 mph

16.—(1) The sign shown in diagram 674 may only be placed on a road if no point on any road (not being a cul-de-sac less than 80 metres long), to which the speed limit indicated by the sign applies, is situated more than 50 metres from a traffic calming feature.

(2) In paragraph (1) “traffic calming feature” means—

(a)a road hump constructed pursuant to section 90A of the Highways Act 1980(48) (“the 1980 Act”) or section 36 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(49) (“the 1984 Act”) and in accordance with the Highways (Road Humps) Regulations 1999(50) or the Road Humps (Scotland) Regulations 1998(51);

(b)traffic calming works constructed in accordance with section 90G of the 1980 Act(52) or section 39A of the 1984 Act(53) and in accordance with the Highways (Traffic Calming) Regulations 1999(54) or the Roads (Traffic Calming) (Scotland) Regulations 1994(55);

(c)a refuge for pedestrians which was constructed pursuant to section 68 of the 1980 Act or section 27(c) of the 1984 Act after 15th June 1999 and is so constructed as to encourage a reduction in the speed of traffic using the carriageway;

(d)a variation of the relative widths of the carriageway or of any footway pursuant to section 75 of the 1980 Act or section 1(1) or 2(1) of the 1984 Act which—

(i)was carried out after 15th June 1999 for the purpose of encouraging a reduction in the speed of traffic using the carriageway; and

(ii)had the effect of reducing the width of the carriageway; or

(e)a horizontal bend in the carriageway through which all vehicular traffic has to change direction by no less than 70 degrees within a distance of 32 metres as measured at the inner kerb radius.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1) the distance of 50 metres shall be measured along roads to which the speed limit indicated by the sign shown in diagram 674 applies.

Signs to be placed only in conjunction with specified road markings (except signs for prohibitions and restrictions on waiting etc)

17.—(1) Save as provided in paragraph (2), a sign shown in a diagram whose number appears and is placed in the circumstances (if any) or is in the form (if any) specified in column (2) of an item in the Table may be placed on a road only—

(a)in conjunction with the road marking shown in the diagram whose number appears and is in the form (if any) specified in column (3) of that item; or

(b)where the numbers of two or more road markings so appear, in conjunction with both or all of those markings.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemSign diagram numberRoad marking diagram number
1.508.1, 509.11010
2.557.11062
3.601.11002.1 and 1022
4.6021003 and 1023
5.611.1 if placed in conjunction with diagram 6021003, 1003.4 and 1023
6.611.11003.3 and 1003.4
7.9571057
8.9581010
9.958.11009
10.9591048 and 1049
11.959.11049 varied to a width of 150 millimetres and 1057
12.9601048 and 1049
13.960 varied to include pedal cycle symbol1048.1 and 1049
14.960.11049 varied to a width of 150 millimetres and 1057
15.29331064
16.29341064

(2) The provisions of paragraph (1) requiring the placing of the sign shown in diagram 601.1, 602 or 611.1 in conjunction with a road marking shall not apply during the execution of works on a road near the sign—

(a)if those works necessitate the temporary removal of the marking; or

(b)if the sign is placed only temporarily in connection with the execution of works on a road.

Road markings to be placed only in conjunction with other road markings or specified signs (except road markings for prohibitions and restrictions on waiting etc)

18.—(1) A road marking shown in a diagram whose number appears and is placed in the circumstances (if any) specified in column (2) of an item in Table 1 may be placed on a road only in conjunction with a road marking or sign shown in a diagram whose number appears and is in the form, or is placed in the manner or circumstances (if any), specified in column (3) of that item.

Table 1
(1)(2)(3)
ItemRoad marking diagram numberRoad marking or sign diagram number
1.1001, except when placed at a site where traffic is from time to time controlled by a constable in uniform or traffic warden3000, 3000.1, 3000.2, 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9, 3000.10 or 3014
2.1001.13013
3.1001.23000, 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9 or 3000.10 placed adjacent to the stop line appearing above the pedal cycle symbol in diagram 1001.2
4.1001.3

1001 together with—

(a)

1055.1 or 1055.2; and

(b)

4002.1, 4003.1, 4003.2, 4003.4, 4003.5 or 4003.7

5.1003.4611.1
6.10231003 or 1003.3
7.10451013.1 (version A)
8.1048.2 without any variation953.1 varied to include the bus symbol shown in diagram 953 or the local bus symbol in diagram 958
9.1048.2 varied to omit “& BUS”953.1 as not varied
10.1048.4953
11.1057955, 956, 957, 959.1, 960.1, 965, 967, 1001.2 when used in conjunction with 1004 or 1004.1, 2601.2 or 2602.2
12.10581057
13.10591057
14.1062 except when placed in a zone indicated by the sign shown in diagram 674557.1, 543 and 547.8, or 544 and 547.8
15.1062 except when placed at a signal-controlled crossing facility or at a “crossing” as defined by section 25(6) of the 1984 Act, or to indicate a road hump which extends across the carriageway for less than 5 metres1004
16.1062 when placed to indicate a road hump with tapered ends which does not extend across the whole width of the carriageway but ends within 300 millimetres of the kerb-line1012.1, 1017 or 1018.1
17.10642933 and 2934
18.1065670, when placed to indicate the point at which a speed limit begins or as a repeater sign in accordance with direction 11(2), or 674

(2) The road marking shown in diagram 1001.2 may be placed only at a junction where traffic is regulated by light signals of the kind prescribed by regulation 33(1).

(3) A road marking shown in a diagram whose number appears in column (2) of an item in Table 2 may be placed on a road only in conjunction with the combination of road markings or signs specified in column (3) of that item.

Table 2
(1)(2)(3)
ItemRoad marking diagram numberDiagram numbers of road markings or signs in combination
1.1002.1601.1 and 1022
2.1003 when used at a level crossing602 and 1023
3.1003.3 except when placed at a roundabout with a small central island611.1 and 1003.4
4.1022601.1 and 1002.1
5.1024.11010 and 1014
6.10481049 and either 959 or 960
7.1048.11049 and 960 varied to include the pedal cycle symbol
8.1049 except when varied to a width of 150 millimetres

(a)1048 and either 959 or 960; or

(b)1048.1 and 960 varied to include the pedal cycle symbol

9.1049 when varied to a width of 150 millimetres

(a)957 and 1057;

(b)959.1 and 1057; or

(c)960.1 and 1057

10.1049.1957 and 1057
11.1050964 and 1049

(4) The road marking shown in diagram 1048.3 may be placed on a road if and only if it is placed in conjunction with either—

(a)a combination of the sign shown in diagram 616 and the sign shown in diagram 954 or 954.2; or

(b)the sign shown in diagram 953 varied to show only the bus symbol.

(5) A road marking shown in diagram 1003 or 1023 when varied in size to conform with any of the smaller dimensions prescribed for it may be placed on a road only in conjunction with the marking shown in diagram 1057 and with one or more of the signs shown in diagrams 955, 956 and 957, or where a contra-flow cycle lane ends at a junction with another road.

(6) The road marking shown in diagram 1009 when varied in size to conform with the smallest dimensions prescribed for it may be placed on a road only to mark the junction of a cycle track and another road and in conjunction with the road markings shown in diagrams 1003 and 1023 and having the smaller dimensions prescribed for them.

(7) The road marking shown in diagram 1064 may be placed on the carriageway of a road if and only if—

(a)it is placed as one of a series of such markings placed 40 metres apart;

(b)the carriageway on which a marking is placed has more than one traffic lane and such a series is placed in each lane;

(c)each series includes the same number of markings; and

(d)a straight line drawn across the carriageway at right angles to the direction of travel and passing through a marking would pass through a marking on each of the other traffic lanes of the carriageway.

The placing of the signs shown in diagrams 615 and 811

19.  The signs shown in diagrams 615 and 811 may be placed on a road only in conjunction with one another.

Signs to be placed only in combination with specified plates or other signs

20.—(1) A sign shown in a diagram whose number appears and is placed in the circumstances (if any) specified in column (2) of an item in the Table may be placed on a road only in combination with a plate shown in the diagram whose number appears in column (3) of that item.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemSign diagram numberPlate diagram number
1.501 when placed in advance of the sign shown in diagram 601.1502
2.501 when placed in advance of the sign shown in diagram 602503
3.553.1553.2
4.554.2554.3
5.556.1556.2
6.557.1557.2, 557.3 or 557.4
7.562563, 563.1 or 7022
8.583583.1
9.584584.1
10.601.1 when placed at a level crossing783
11.615615.1 or 645
12.617618 or 618.1
13.622.8622.9
14.779780A, 780.1A or 780.2A
15.811645 or 811.1
16.953953.2
17.953.1953.2

(2) The sign shown in diagram 545 may be placed on a road only if it is used either—

(a)in combination with the plate shown in diagram 546, 547.1, 547.2, 547.3 or 547.7; or

(b)in combination with the plate shown in diagram 546, 547.1 or 547.7 and with the light signals shown in diagram 4004.

(3) The sign shown in diagram 515 (when placed on the central island of a roundabout), 515.1A or 515.2 may be placed on a road only in combination with the sign shown in diagram 606.

Plates to be placed only in combination with specified signs

21.—(1) A plate shown in a diagram whose number appears and is in the form (if any) specified in an item in column (2) of the Table may be placed on a road only in combination with a sign shown in a diagram whose number appears and is placed in the circumstances (if any) specified in column (3) of that item.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemPlate diagram numberSign diagram number
1.502501
2.503501
3.511504.1, 505.1, 506.1, 507.1, 510, 512, 512.1, 512.2, 513, 516, 517, 520, 523.1, 524.1, 528 or 556
4.511 when varied to “HEAVY PLANT CROSSING”504.1, 505.1, 506.1, 507.1, 512.1 or 512.2
5.513.1510, 512, 512.1, 512.2 or 513
6.513.2512, 512.1, 512.2, 513 or 7009
7.518516, 517 or 520
8.519516 or 517
9.525523.1 or 524.1
10.526512, 512.1, 512.2, 513, 523.1, 524.1 or 554.1
11.527523.1 or 524.1
12.530.1530
13.530.2530, 629.2 or 629.2A
14.531.2531.1
15.543.1543, 3000, 3000.7, 3000.8, 3000.9 or 3000.10
16.546545
17.547.1545
18.547.2545
19.547.3544.1 or 545
20.547.4544.2
21.547.7545
22.547.8543 or 544
23.548.1548 when placed in advance of the sign shown in diagram 4005
24.553552
25.553.2553.1
26.554.3554.2, 622.1A, 622.4, 629, 629A, 629.1 or 632
27.556.2556.1
28.557.2557.1
29.557.3557.1
30.557.4557.1
31.558.2558
32.563562
33.563 when varied to “Road liable to flooding”554 or 562
34.563.1562
35.570513, 521, 523.1, 524.1, 548, 549, 550, 550.1, 550.2, 551, 551.1, 551.2, 554 (when varied to “Gates”), 555.1, 556, 557, 558, 558.1, 559, 581, 582, 614, 632, 642, 7001 or 7009
36.572504.1, 505.1, 506.1, 507.1, 508.1, 509.1, 510, 516, 517, 520, 521, 522, 523.1, 524.1, 528, 529, 529.1, 530, 531.1, 543, 544, 544.1, 544.2, 550.1, 552, 554, 555, 770, 771, 772, 782, 950, 7001 or 7009
37.573523.1, 524.1, 528, 529, 529.1, 530, 531.1, 543, 544, 544.1, 544.2, 550.1, 552, 554, 555, 770, 771, 772, 782, 950, 7001 or 7009
38.575512, 512.1, 512.2, 513, 516, 517, 528 or 529.1
39.583.1583
40.584.1584
41.607606 or 609
42.608501, 601.1, 602, 606, 609 or 610
43.615.1615
44.618617
45.618.1617
46.620619, 619.1, 619.2, 622.1A, 622.5, 622.6, 622.7, 622.8, 629, 629A, 629.1 or 952
47.620.1619 or 619.1
48.622.9622.8
49.627.1626.2A
50.645614, 615, 632, 642, 811 or 7001
51.773529, 529.1, 558, 770, 771 or 772
52.778602
53.778.1602
54.780A779
55.780.1A779
56.780.2A779
57.804.1801
58.804.2801
59.804.3801
60.804.4801
61.811.1811
62.817.2523.1 and either 525 or 526, or 554.1 and 526
63.876868, 868.1, 872.1, 873, 874 or 875
64.950.1950
65.953.2953 or 953.1
66.954606, 609, 612, 613, 616, 629, 629A or 629.1
67.954.2606, 609, 612, 613, 616, 629, 629A, 629.1 or 952
68.954.3606, 609, 612 or 613
69.954.4606, 609, 612, 613 or 816
70.954.5606, 612, 613
71.954.6606, 612, 613
72.954.7606, 612, 613
73.961958, 958.1, 959 or 959.1
74.2602.3955, 956 or 957
75.7001.17001
76.7001.27001
77.70217001
78.7022562
79.7030543
80.72087202, 7206 or 7207
81.72097203, 7203.1, 7204 or 7205
82.72567250, 7251, 7252, 7253, 7254 or 7255

(2) A plate shown in diagram 954.3 or 954.4 or the sign shown in diagram 954.6 or 954.7 shall not be placed in combination with the sign shown in diagram 616.

Placing of road markings and signs to indicate prohibitions and restrictions on waiting, loading and unloading and parking

22.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3)—

(a)the road marking shown in diagram 1018.1 may be placed on a side of a road only for the purpose of indicating a statutory prohibition or restriction on the waiting of vehicles which applies on that side of the road at all times of day on every day of the year or on every day in a period of at least four consecutive months; and

(b)the road marking shown in diagram 1017 may be placed on a side of a road only for the purpose of indicating a statutory prohibition or restriction on the waiting of vehicles which is not a restriction of the kind mentioned in sub-paragraph (a).

(2) In this direction, references to a statutory prohibition or restriction on the waiting of a vehicle do not include references to any such prohibition or restriction imposed—

(a)on waiting for the purpose of loading or unloading goods from a vehicle or picking up or setting down passengers from a vehicle;

(b)and expressly to limit the duration of waiting of vehicles within a particular period; or

(c)on the waiting of goods vehicles (as defined by section 192(1) of the Road Traffic Act 1988(56)) but of no other class of vehicle.

(3) The road marking shown in diagram 1017 or 1018.1 shall not be placed on a road on which is placed—

(a)the marking shown in diagram 1025.1, 1025.3, 1025.4 or 1028.2 (in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 650.1); or

(b)the marking shown in diagram 1027.1 in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 642.2A, unless there are times at which the restrictions to be indicated by the marking shown in diagram 1017 or 1018.1 apply and those indicated by that sign do not.

23.—(1) The road marking shown in diagram 1020.1 may be placed on a side of the carriageway of a road only for the purpose of indicating a statutory prohibition or restriction on the waiting of vehicles for the purpose of their being loaded or unloaded which applies on that side of the road at all times of the day on every day of the year or on every day in a period of at least four consecutive months.

(2) The road marking shown in diagram 1019 may be placed on a side of the carriageway of a road only for the purpose of indicating a statutory prohibition or restriction on the waiting of vehicles for the purpose of their being loaded or unloaded (but not for indicating a statutory prohibition or restriction which expressly limits the duration of waiting by vehicles within a particular period for that purpose) which is not a restriction of the kind mentioned in paragraph (1).

24.—(1) Except where it is placed to indicate the effect of a temporary statutory provision and subject to paragraph (2), a sign shown in a diagram specified in column (2) of an item in the Table shall not be placed except—

(a)on or near the side of a road; and

(b)in conjunction with, and on the same side of the road as, a road marking which is shown in a diagram and is in the form (if any) indicated in column (3) of that item.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemSign diagram numberRoad marking diagram number
1.637.31018.1
2.6381020.1
3.638.11019
4.6391017
5.639.1B1017 and 1028.3, 1028.4, 1032 or 1033
6.639.1B when the sign shown in diagram 638.1 is added as a middle panel1017 and 1019, and 1028.3, 1028.4, 1032 or 1033
7.640

(a)1017 or 1018.1; and

(b)1019 or (when the lower panel of the sign shown in diagram 640 is varied to “No loading at any time”) 1020.1

8.640 when the upper panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 650.3
(a)

1028.2;

(b)

1017 or 1018.1; and

(c)

1019 or (when the lower panel of the sign shown in diagram 640 is varied to “No loading at any time”) 1020.1

9.642.2A1027.1
10.642.31018.1
11.650.11028.2 when varied to include a continuous yellow line 200 or 300mm wide in the manner shown in diagram 1025.1
12.650.21028.2
13.650.31028.2, and 1017 or 1018.1
14.660

(a)1028.3 (when varied to indicate “LARGE OR SLOW VEHICLES ONLY”);

(b)1028.4, 1032 or 1033 in each case when indicating “DOCTOR” or when no legend appears; or

(c)1028.4 when varied to indicate “PERMIT HOLDERS ONLY”

15.660.3

(a)1028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when indicating “DOCTOR” or when no legend appears; or

(b)1028.4 when varied to indicate “PERMIT HOLDERS ONLY”

16.660.4

(a)1028.3 or 1032 in each case when varied to indicate “LOADING ONLY”; or

(b)1033 when no legend appears

17.660.51028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when no legend appears
18.660.61028.4, 1032 or 1033 in each case when no legend appears
19.660.71028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when no legend appears
20.661A1028.3, 1032 or 1033 in each case when varied to indicate “DISABLED” or when no legend appears
21.661.11028.3 (when varied to “BUSES”), 1028.4 (when varied to “SOLO MOTORCYCLES ONLY”, “SOLO M/CYCLES ONLY” or “SOLO M/CS ONLY” or when no legend appears), 1032 (when no legend appears) or 1033 (when no legend appears)
22.661.2A1028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when no legend appears
23.661.3A1028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when no legend appears
24.6621028.4, 1032 or 1033, in each case when no legend appears
25.9741025.1, 1025.3 or 1025.4, in each case when indicating “BUS STOP”
26.9751025.1, 1025.3 or 1025.4, in each case when varied to “BUS STAND”

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the signs shown in diagrams 637.3, 639 and 640 when placed to indicate restrictions applying to the same road as restrictions indicated by the sign shown in diagram 650.1, 974 or 975.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4) the sign shown in diagram 637.2 may be placed only on a road within a pedestrian zone where the sign shown in diagram 618.3 or 618.3A is placed at each entrance into the zone for vehicular traffic.

(4) The sign shown in diagram 637.2 shall not be used on a road within the pedestrian zone to which the sign relates except in conjunction with—

(a)the road marking shown in diagram 1017 or 1018.1 unless—

(i)the road does not comprise a carriageway and footway which are separately defined;

(ii)the entry of vehicular traffic into the pedestrian zone is restricted at the same times as those at which the waiting of vehicles is prohibited as indicated on the upper panel of the sign in diagram 637.2; and

(iii)the prohibition on the waiting of vehicles applies uniformly throughout every road in the zone, and

(b)where there is a prohibition on the loading and unloading of vehicles, the road marking shown in diagram 1019 or 1020.1 unless—

(i)the road does not comprise a carriageway and footway which are separately defined;

(ii)the entry of vehicular traffic into the pedestrian zone is restricted at the same times as those at which the loading and unloading of vehicles is prohibited as indicated on the lower panel of the sign in diagram 637.2; and

(iii)the prohibition on the loading and unloading of vehicles applies uniformly throughout every road in the zone.

25.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) a road marking shown in a diagram whose number appears and is in the form (if any) specified in an item in column (2) of the Table may be placed on a road only in conjunction with, and on the same side of the road as, a sign shown in a diagram whose number appears and in the form specified (if any) in column (3) of that item.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemRoad marking diagram numberSign diagram number
1.1017637.2, 639, 639.1B, 640 or 650.3
2.1019637.2, 638.1, 639.1B (when the sign shown in diagram 638.1 is added as a middle panel) or 640
3.1020.1637.2, 638 or 640 (when the lower panel is varied to “No loading at any time”)
4.1025.1974 or 975
5.1025.3974 or 975
6.1025.4974 or 975
7.1028.2640 (when the upper panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 650.3), 650.1, 650.2 or 650.3
8.1028.3 when indicating “DISABLED”661A or 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 661A)
9.1028.3 when varied to “BUSES”661.1 (when varied to include the bus symbol), 639.1B (when the lower panel is so varied) or 969
10.1028.3 when varied to “LARGE OR SLOW VEHICLES ONLY”660 (varied to “Large or slow vehicles only”) or 639.1B (when the lower panel is so varied)
11.1028.3 when no legend appears661A, 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to show the sign shown in diagram 661A), 786 or 801 in combination with 804.1
12.1028.3 when varied to “LOADING ONLY”660.4 or 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 660.4)
13.1028.4 when indicating “DOCTOR”660 varied to “Doctor permit holders only” or 639.1B (when the lower panel is so varied)
14.1028.4 when varied to “PERMIT HOLDERS ONLY”

(a)639.1B when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 660 (except the variants “Card holders only” and “Large or slow vehicles only”) or 660.3;

(b)660 (except when varied to “Card holders only” or “Large or slow vehicles only”); or

(c)660.3

15.1028.4 when no legend appears639.1B, 660, 660.3, 660.5, 660.6, 660.7, 661.1, 661.2A, 661.3A, 662, 667, 667.1, 668, 668.1, or 801
16.1032 when indicating “DOCTOR”660 varied to “Doctor permit holders only” or 639.1B (when the lower panel is so varied)
17.1032 when indicating “DISABLED”661A or 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 661A)
18.1032 when indicating “LOADING ONLY”660.4 or 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 660.4)
19.1033 when indicating “DISABLED”661A or 639.1B (when the lower panel is varied to the sign shown in diagram 661A)
20.1033 when indicating “DOCTOR”660 varied to “Doctor permit holders only” or 639.1B (when the lower panel is so varied)

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to a road marking placed on a road within a controlled parking zone, if signs shown in diagram 663 or 663.1 have been placed at the entrances for vehicular traffic into the zone, except where the road marking is placed to indicate restrictions different from the restrictions indicated on those signs.

26.  The sign shown in diagram 663, 663.1, 664, 665 or 666 may be placed only at the boundary of a controlled parking zone.

Signs to be placed only at specified sites or for specified purposes

27.  The sign shown in diagram 545, when placed in combination with—

(a)the plate shown in diagram 547.1; or

(b)the plate shown in diagram 546, 547.1 or 547.7 together with the light signal shown in diagram 4004,

may be placed only at or near a school crossing place.

28.  The sign shown in diagram 551.1 may be placed on or near a road only—

(a)at a site which is approved as a migratory toad crossing by or on behalf of the Secretary of State; and

(b)during February, March, April and May in each year.

29.  The sign shown in diagram 574 may be placed only in or near an infected place or area for the purposes of the Animal Health Act 1981(57) and shall be removed as soon as it ceases to be in or near such a place or area.

30.  The sign shown in diagram 601.1 may be placed on or near a road at a junction with another road only if a sign has not been placed on the other road so as to control traffic passing through the junction on that other road.

31.  The sign shown in diagram 833, 834, 835 or 836 may be placed only to regulate the movement of vehicular traffic into and out of premises with more than one access to a road.

32.—(1) The sign shown in diagram 878 or 879 may be placed only in an area or along a route where enforcement cameras are from time to time in use.

(2) The sign shown in diagram 880 may be placed only—

(a)on or near a road on which there is provided a system of carriageway lighting furnished by means of lamps placed not more than 183 metres apart in England and Wales or 185 metres apart in Scotland and which is subject to a speed limit of 30 mph; and

(b)not more than one kilometre from a site at which an enforcement camera has been installed and is from time to time in use, and

not more than one such sign may be so placed on each approach to that site.

33.  The sign shown in diagram 957 may be placed on a road only when the road has been divided into a part reserved for the use of pedal cycles only and a part reserved for use by pedestrians only by either or both of the following means—

(a)the road marking shown in diagram 1049 (when that marking is varied to be 150 millimetres wide) or 1049.1;

(b)the presence on the road of works such as distinctive colouring of the surface of each part, a kerb or other device.

34.—(1) The marking shown in diagram 1003 may be placed on or near a road only in the following cases—

(a)at a junction with another road on which no marking has been placed to control traffic passing through the junction on that other road;

(b)at a roundabout in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 602 and the road marking shown in diagram 1023;

(c)at a level crossing in the circumstances described in regulation 25(3);

(d)in the circumstances described in regulation 25(4), when such a marking has not been placed to control vehicles travelling in the opposite direction.

(2) The marking shown in diagram 1003 may only be placed on the carriageway of a road in circumstances such that regulation 25(6) (transverse lines placed in advance of a cycle track crossing a road) applies, if the length of the road which is crossed by a cycle track consists of a road hump extending across the full width of the carriageway and constructed pursuant to—

(a)section 90A of the Highways Act 1980(58) and in accordance with the Highways (Road Humps) Regulations 1999(59); or

(b)section 36 of the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984(60) and in accordance with the Road Humps (Scotland) Regulations 1998(61).

35.  The road marking shown in diagram 1043 or 1044 shall not be placed to indicate an area of carriageway on a roundabout unless the entry of traffic into the roundabout is at all times controlled by traffic light signals.

Restrictions on the placing of temporary signs

36.  The signs shown in Schedule 12, other than in diagrams 7014, 7019, 7020, 7032 and 7103, may be placed only in connection with the execution of works on or near a road or a temporary obstruction thereon, and any such sign so placed and any other sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 11 so placed shall not be retained on or near the road after the completion of the works or the removal of the obstruction, as the case may be, unless—

(a)it is a sign of the type shown in diagram 7009, in which case that sign may be retained on or near a road after the completion of the works for so long as the traffic authority for the road thinks fit; or

(b)it is a sign of the type shown in diagram 7012 bearing the words “NO GIVE WAY MARKINGS” or “NO STOP MARKINGS”, in which case that sign shall be removed as soon as the road markings have been replaced and in any event not later than 28 days after the completion of the works.

37.—(1) The sign shown in diagram 790 or 7014—

(a)may be placed only in connection with works involving—

(i)an alteration in the layout of the carriageway of a road or level crossing; or

(ii)the placing, removal or alteration of traffic signs on or near a road or at a level crossing; and

(b)may be retained not later than the end of the period of 3 months beginning with completion of those works.

(2) The sign shown in diagram 7032—

(a)may be placed only to indicate the point at which a recently imposed speed limit of 30 mph begins on a road—

(i)on which there is a system of street or carriageway lighting furnished by lamps lit by electricity placed not more than 183 metres apart in England and Wales or not more than 185 metres apart in Scotland; and

(ii)which had previously been subject to a higher speed limit;

(b)shall be placed as near as practicable to that point;

(c)shall not be placed unless that point could not otherwise be indicated in accordance with these Directions;

(d)may be placed only during the period of 6 months beginning with the day on which the 30 mph speed limit comes into force; and

(e)shall not be retained after the end of that period.

38.—(1) No sign of the kind referred to in regulation 53 may be retained at any place for more than 6 months (or in the case of a sign of the kind referred to in regulation 53(1)(d) for more than 2 years) or such longer period as the Secretary of State may approve after the placing of the sign there or in any event after the sign has ceased to be needed at that place.

(2) The sign shown in diagram 2701 or 2701.1 may be retained on or near a road for not more than six months after completion of the housing development to which it refers.

39.—(1) The sign shown in diagram 7023 or 7024 may be placed on or near a road only where—

(a)one-way working is necessary along a length of road because part of the width of the carriageway has been temporarily closed to traffic; and

(b)either—

(i)there is no junction with another road along that length; or

(ii)the traffic authority has given express written approval to the placing of the sign in relation to a length of road having a junction with another road.

(2) The sign shown in diagram 543 may be placed in combination with the plate shown in diagram 7030 only on or near a road on which convoy working is in operation and indicated by one or more of the signs shown in diagrams 7025, 7026, 7027, 7028 and 7029.

(3) The sign shown in diagram—

(a)554 when varied to “Flood” or “No smoking”;

(b)554.2 when placed in conjunction with the plate shown in diagram 554.3; or

(c)562 when placed in combination with the plate shown in diagram 563 when indicating “Accident” or when varied to “Census”, “Dust cloud”, “Fallen tree”, “Frost damage”, “Overhead cable repairs”, “Runners in road”, “Smoke” or “Walkers in road”,

may be retained only for so long as the hazard indicated by the sign continues to exist or is expected to recur in the near future.

(4) The sign shown in diagram 633, 636.2 (except when varied to show the name of a traffic authority), 829.1, 829.2, 829.3, 829.4, 829.5 or 1063 may be placed on or near a road only by a constable in uniform or a person acting under the instructions or authority of the chief officer of police.

(5) The sign shown in diagram 829.5 may only be placed on or near a road in an area where police speed checks are from time to time carried out.

(6) The sign shown in diagram 830, 830.1, 830.3, 831 or 832 may be placed on or near a road in connection with a traffic census, if and only if the taking of that census on that road has been approved—

(a)by the traffic authority for the road;

(b)by the chief officer of police of the police area in which the road is situated; and

(c)by or on behalf of the Secretary of State.

(7) The sign shown in diagram 950 may be placed in combination with the plate shown in diagram 950.1—

(a)when the plate is varied to “Cycle event”, only while a cycle rally or similar event is in progress;

(b)in any other case except when the plate is varied to “Cycles crossing”, only while the training or testing of child cyclists is in progress.

Placing of signs varied to show metric units

40.—(1) Where the indication given by the sign shown in diagram 629.1 is varied in accordance with regulation 17 and item 2 of Schedule 16, that sign may be placed only in combination with another sign of the same type whose indication has not been so varied.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall also apply when the sign shown in diagram 629.1 is incorporated as a symbol into another sign.

Mounting and backing of signs

41.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), where a sign (other than a sign referred to in paragraph (4), (5) or in direction 43 or 44) in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5 and 7, Part II of Schedule 10 or Schedule 12, or a sign of the type prescribed by regulation 53, is mounted on a post or other support specially provided for the purpose (“the post”), that part of the post which extends above ground level shall be of any single colour or in its natural colour.

(2) Where the post is not likely to be readily visible to pedestrians or cyclists, a yellow or white band not less than 140 nor more than 160 millimetres deep may be provided on the post, the lower edge of the band being not less than 1500 nor more than 1700 millimetres above ground level.

(3) Where the support provided for a portable sign comprises several components, instead of complying with paragraphs (1) and (2), the components need not all be of the same colour provided that each is of a single colour or in its natural colour.

(4) Where a beacon or lamp of a kind prescribed by regulation 54 or 55 is mounted on a structure specially provided for the purpose, the structure shall be coloured grey, red, white or yellow, or in alternate bands of red and white or of black and white.

(5) The post provided for the mounting of the sign shown in diagram 7031 shall be coloured in alternate black and yellow bands each 300 millimetres deep with a black band uppermost below the bottom of the sign face, and the yellow bands may be reflectorised.

(6) The sign shown in diagram 7104 or 7105 may be mounted on an object of the size, colour and type of the sign shown in diagram 7101.1.

(7) An identification code for maintenance purposes may be indicated, in characters not exceeding 25 millimetres in height, on the post on which a sign is mounted.

42.—(1) The back of any sign shown in a diagram in Schedules 1 to 5, 7, Part II of Schedule 10 or in Schedule 12, or prescribed by regulation 53, other than the sign shown in diagram 651, 970, 971, 972, 973.2, 973.3, 2610, 2610.1, 2610.2, 7101.1, 7102, 7103, 7104 or 7105 shall be coloured—

(a)black if the sign is mounted on the same post as that on which light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1) (or those signals as varied in accordance with regulation 34) or light signals prescribed by regulation 33(2) and regulation 35 are mounted; or

(b)grey, black or in a non-reflective metallic finish in any other case, except that—

(i)information about sites for placing and the ownership of the sign and an identification code for maintenance purposes may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding 25 millimetres in height, where they are shown in a contrasting colour, or in characters not exceeding 50 millimetres in height, where they are embossed in the same colour; and

(ii)information about the manufacture of the sign required in order to comply with British Standard Specification BS 873 or a corresponding EEA Standard, occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding 5 millimetres in height.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall apply to the back of any backing board or other fitting provided for the assembly of such a sign as is referred to in paragraph (1) (including any container enclosing apparatus for the illumination of such a sign).

(3) The back of the sign shown in diagram 7104 or 7105 shall be coloured grey, red, white, black or yellow, except that—

(a)information about sites for placing and the ownership of the sign may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding 50 millimetres in height, where they are shown in a contrasting colour, or in characters not exceeding 80 millimetres in height, where they are embossed in the same colour; and

(b)information about the manufacture of the sign required in order to comply with British Standard Specification BS 873 or a corresponding EEA Standard, occupying an area not exceeding 30 square centimetres, may be indicated on the back of the sign in characters not exceeding 5 millimetres in height.

(4) The back of the sign shown in diagram 651, 970, 971, 972, 973.2, 973.3, 2610, 2610.1 or 2610.2 may be of any colour.

(5) The front of any backing board for a sign mounted otherwise than as described in paragraph (1)(a) shall be coloured either grey or yellow.

(6) A yellow backing board for a sign (except one for the sign shown in diagram 2402.1) shall be rectangular in shape.

(7) A backing board for the sign shown in diagram 2402.1 may be of any shape including rectangular.

(8) The sign shown in diagram 2403.1 shall not be mounted on a backing board with any other sign.

(9) In this direction “backing board” in relation to a sign includes any background (except a wall to which the sign is affixed) against which the sign is displayed.

Mounting of the sign shown in diagram 781

43.  The sign shown in diagram 781 shall be mounted on two posts and so much of each post as extends above ground level shall be coloured black and white in alternate horizontal bands, each band being not less than 250 nor more than 335 millimetres deep.

Mounting of the signs shown in diagrams 560 and 561

44.—(1) The sign shown in diagram 560 or 561 shall be so placed that the top of the sign is not less than 550 nor more than 1000 millimetres above the surface of the adjacent carriageway.

(2) Where the sign shown in diagram 560 or 561 is mounted on a post specially provided for the purpose that part of the post which extends above ground level may be—

(a)of any single colour; or

(b)coloured black and white in alternate horizontal bands, each band being not less than 225 nor more than 350 millimetres deep.

(3) The signs shown in diagrams 560 and 561 shall be so erected as to display—

(a)the colour red on the left hand edge of the carriageway as viewed by the drivers of approaching vehicles; and

(b)the colour white on the right hand edge of the carriageway when so viewed, unless the edge is the edge of the carriageway of a dual carriageway road or a one-way road when the colour amber shall be displayed.

Mounting of refuge indicator lamps

45.—(1) This paragraph applies where the lamp prescribed by regulation 57 is mounted on a post specially provided for the purpose.

(2) Subject to paragraph (4), if the post is placed at a zebra crossing and yellow globes are attached to the post, the part of the post between ground level and the point where the yellow globes are mounted or attached shall be coloured black and white in alternate horizontal bands and—

(a)the lowest band shall be coloured black and not less than 275 millimetres nor more than 1 metre deep; and

(b)each other band shall be not less than 275 nor more than 335 millimetres deep, and

the remaining part of the post shall be coloured in accordance with paragraph (3).

(3) Subject to paragraph (4), if the post is placed elsewhere or at a zebra crossing, but without yellow globes attached to it, the post shall be coloured grey or black but with two white bands (each band being not less than 275 nor more than 335 millimetres deep) so arranged that—

(a)not less than 275 nor more than 335 millimetres extend between the nearest edges of the two bands; and

(b)the upper edge of the uppermost band is not less than 275 nor more than 335 millimetres below the lowest part of the lamp,

and the white bands may be internally illuminated.

(4) Where the post consists of aluminium, concrete or galvanised metal it may remain in its natural colour.

(5) In this direction “yellow globes” means globes in relation to which Part I of Schedule 1 to the Zebra, Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossings Regulations 1997(62) is complied with.

Mounting and backing of light signals, matrix signs and warning lights

46.—(1) The light signals prescribed by regulation 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49 or 52, the matrix signals prescribed by regulation 46 and the warning lights prescribed by regulations 50 and 51 may be placed on or near a road only if they are so placed that they face the stream of traffic to which they are intended to convey the warnings, information, requirements, restrictions or prohibitions prescribed by the Regulations.

(2) A container enclosing the lamps of a type of light signals, matrix sign or warning light mentioned in paragraph (1) shall be coloured black except that—

(a)if a container encloses lamps of the light signals prescribed by regulation 37, 44 or 45, the matrix sign prescribed by regulation 46 or the warning lights prescribed by regulation 50 or 51, it may be coloured grey instead of black;

(b)the back of a container enclosing the signals shown in diagrams 4003, 4003.1, 4003.3, 4003.4, 4003.6 or 4003.7 may be coloured yellow; and

(c)the container may have a white border not less than 45 nor more than 55 millimetres wide.

(3) Any of the kinds of light signals mentioned in paragraph (1) other than the signals prescribed by regulation 39(1) may be mounted on a backing board, which shall be coloured black and may have a white border not less than 45 nor more than 55 millimetres wide.

(4) In the case of the light signals prescribed by regulation 39(1) the back of the backing board shown in diagram 3014 may be coloured black or grey.

(5) In the case of the matrix signs prescribed by regulation 46, an identification number may be shown on the front of the backing board below the signal or on the post on which the signal is mounted and, in the case of other light signals, an identification number and name, and a telephone number for use in an emergency, may be shown on the post on which the signals are mounted.

(6) Without prejudice to paragraph (8) and subject to the exceptions in paragraph (7), where light signals prescribed by any of the regulations specified in paragraph (1) or shown in a diagram in Part I of Schedule 10 or in Schedule 11 are mounted on a post specially provided for the purpose, that part of the post which extends above ground level shall be either—

(a)coloured grey, black, brown, dark green or dark blue; or

(b)in a non-reflective metallic finish.

(7) Paragraph (6) is subject to the following exceptions—

(a)the post may be marked with a yellow or white band not less than 140 nor more than 160 millimetres deep, the lower edge of the band being not less than 1500 nor more than 1700 millimetres above ground level; and

(b)where the light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1) or (2) are installed temporarily, the containers in which the posts are placed may be coloured with alternate red and white horizontal stripes.

(8) The portable light signals prescribed by regulation 35, instead of being mounted on a post coloured in accordance with paragraph (6), may be mounted on a post coloured yellow (but having no yellow or white band as specified in paragraph (7)) or on a tripod or other support coloured yellow.

Placing of road marking shown in diagram 1001 or 1001.2 in conjunction with light signals

47.—(1) The light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1) may be placed only in conjunction with the road marking shown in diagram 1001 or, subject to direction 18(2), 1001.2.

(2) The light signals prescribed by regulation 33(2) or 39(1) may be placed only in conjunction with the road marking shown in diagram 1001.

(3) This direction shall not apply to light signals while works which necessitate the temporary removal of a road marking are being executed on a road near the light signals.

Placing of road marking shown in diagram 1014 in conjunction with the road marking shown in diagram 1013.1 or 1013.3

48.—(1) At least one road marking of the type shown in diagram 1014 shall be placed in conjunction with a road marking of the type shown in diagram 1013.1 or 1013.3 on the length of carriageway which extends backwards from the commencement of any continuous line marked on the carriageway as a part of the road marking shown in diagram 1013.1 or 1013.3, such commencement being viewed in the direction of travel of a vehicle driven so as to have and keep that continuous line on its right hand or off side in accordance with regulation 26(2)(b).

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply where the commencement so viewed of a continuous line on the carriageway of a road falls immediately after—

(a)the point where a central reservation ends; or

(b)a roundabout from which traffic enters the carriageway.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), where a continuous line marked on the carriageway of a road as part of the road marking shown in diagram 1013.1 or 1013.3 is interrupted at a junction or by a refuge and recommences immediately after the interruption, the line shall be treated as if it continued through the interruption.

(4) If more than one road marking of the type shown in diagram 1014 is placed on a length of carriageway, then the road markings shall be so spaced apart that one follows in line behind the other.

Placing of road marking shown in diagram 1001.3 (zig-zag lines)

49.—(1) In this direction “relevant crossing facility” means a signal-controlled crossing facility—

(a)at which there is placed the signal shown in diagram 4003.2, 4003.4, 4003.5 or 4003.7; and

(b)which is not situated at a junction at which the priority between motor vehicles is regulated by traffic light signals.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (4) to (6), zig-zag lines shall be placed on the approaches to each side of a relevant crossing facility so as to form controlled areas as defined by regulation 27(1).

(3) Zig-zag lines shall not be placed on a road except in accordance with—

(a)paragraph (2); or

(b)regulations made, or having effect as if made, under section 25 of the 1984 Act (pedestrian crossings regulations).

(4) So long as the condition in paragraph (5) is complied with, paragraph (2) shall not apply where, in accordance with an authorisation given under section 64(1) or (2) of the 1984 Act, a relevant crossing facility has been provided on a road before 1st April 2003 but without the placing of zig-zag lines on the approaches as mentioned in paragraph (2).

(5) The condition is that the signs and markings indicating the facility are maintained in accordance with the authorisation under which they were placed and any special directions under section 65 of the 1984 Act that were given in conjunction with the authorisation.

(6) Paragraphs (4) and (5) shall cease to have effect on 1st January 2007.

Placing of signs and light signals shown in Schedule 11

50.  The light signals prescribed by regulation 37(1) and 45 and the signs and light signals shown in any diagram in Schedule 11 may be displayed only on or near—

(a)a motorway; or

(b)an all-purpose dual carriageway road.

51.—(1) The light signals prescribed by regulation 37(1) shall not be displayed over or in relation to a traffic lane in conjunction with the sign shown in diagram 6001, 6002, 6003, 6006, 6006.1, 6008, 6009, 6009.1, 6009.2, 6011, 6011.1 or 6012.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the signs shown in diagrams 6006.2, 6008.1 and 6009.3 when the light signals prescribed by regulation 37(1) are placed at the side of a carriageway so as to convey prohibitions or requirements applying to all traffic proceeding along the carriageway in a particular direction.

52.  The sign shown in diagram 6002, 6021 or 6031.1 may be displayed only over a traffic lane and the sign shown in diagram 6006, 6006.1, 6006.2, 6008, 6008.1, 6009, 6009.1, 6009.2, 6009.3, 6022 or 6032.1 may be displayed only at the side of the carriageway to which the indications given by the sign relate, or projecting over part of that carriageway, so as to convey warnings, prohibitions or requirements applying to all traffic proceeding along the carriageway in a particular direction.

Placing of portable light signals prescribed by regulation 35

53.—(1) A traffic authority may, pursuant to section 65(1) of the 1984 Act, cause or permit the placing of the portable light signals prescribed by regulation 35 if and only if—

(a)permission is given in writing, or in a case of urgency, given orally and confirmed in writing as soon as reasonably practicable thereafter; and

(b)either—

(i)the written permission of the authority includes express approval to the placing of the signals at a particular site; or

(ii)the authority is satisfied that the circumstances of the particular case fall within one of the sets of circumstances specified in paragraph (2).

(2) The sets of circumstances referred to in paragraph (1)(b)(ii) are—

(a)where the signals are to be operated and maintained by, and are under the regular supervision of, a constable in uniform during the progress of a temporary scheme of traffic control;

(b)where the signals are placed on a length of road along which—

(i)there is no junction carrying vehicular traffic to or from it; and

(ii)the width of the carriageway is temporarily restricted so as to carry only one line of traffic;

(c)where the signals are placed at a level crossing when work in relation to that crossing is being carried out;

(d)where the signals are placed on a road which is—

(i)adjacent to the temporary site of road, building or engineering works; and

(ii)is used for the movement of vehicles, materials, plant or equipment within the site of the works.

(3) Nothing in this direction is to be taken to limit or affect the powers of a constable or the chief officer of police under section 67(1) of the 1984 Act (placing of temporary traffic signs on roads in extraordinary circumstances).

Placing of signals and other signs at crossings

54.  The Schedule to these Directions shall have effect with regard to the placing of—

(a)vehicular light signals;

(b)pedestrian light signals; and

(c)other signs,

at signal-controlled crossing facilities where vehicular traffic is stopped only for the purpose of enabling pedestrians, cyclists or equestrians to cross the carriageway and not for the purpose of regulating the priority of vehicular traffic at a junction.

Placing of various light signals

55.—(1) The light signals shown in diagram 4004 may be placed only in combination with the sign shown in diagram 545 together with the plate shown in diagram 546, 547.1 or 547.7.

(2) The light signals shown in diagram 4005 may be placed on or near a road only when the sign shown in diagram 548 in conjunction with the plate shown in diagram 548.1 is placed in advance of those signals.

(3) The light signals shown in diagram 4006 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals shown in diagram 3014.

(4) The sign shown in diagram 4003 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals shown in diagram 4002.1.

(5) The sign shown in diagram 4003.3 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals shown in diagram 4003.2.

(6) The sign shown in diagram 4003.6 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals shown in diagram 4003.5.

(7) The light signals shown in diagram 4002.1 or 4003.1 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1) or (2).

(8) The light signals shown in diagram 4003.2 or 4003.4 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1).

(9) The light signals shown in diagram 4003.5 or 4003.7 may be placed only in conjunction with the light signals prescribed by regulation 33(1).

(10) The light signal shown in diagram 776 may be placed only at or near a level crossing and the legend shall be displayed to road traffic in black letters on a red background which is internally illuminated by means of electricity only when a railway vehicle or tramcar has just passed over the level crossing and another is approaching.

(11) The light signals of the kinds prescribed by regulation 33(1), 34 or 39 may be placed on or near a road to face traffic proceeding in a particular direction if and only if—

(a)at least two identical sets of signals are placed so as to face traffic proceeding in that direction; and

(b)at least one of those sets of signals is a set of primary signals.

Approval of types of sign and signals by the Secretary of State

56.—(1) The signs to which this direction applies may be placed on or near a road only if at the time that they are first placed they meet the requirements specified in paragraph (3).

(2) This direction applies to—

(a)the signals prescribed by regulations 33, 34, 35, 37, 39, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49 and 52;

(b)the matrix signs prescribed by regulation 46;

(c)the warning lights prescribed by regulations 50 and 51;

(d)the audible and tactile signals prescribed by regulations 47 and 49;

(e)the signs shown in diagrams 618.3A, 776 and 2509.1;

(f)the signs shown in diagrams 2505, 2505.1, 2506, 2507, 2508, 2510, 2511, 2512 and 2513, if varied to include a variable element;

(g)any light signals or signs shown in a diagram in Schedule 11;

(h)variable message signs and any other signs not continuously in use over a period of 24 hours and which are capable of being brought into and taken out of use by the operation of any electrical or other apparatus.

(3) The requirements referred to in paragraph (1) are—

(a)in all cases, that any equipment (including the content of all instructions stored in, or executable by it) used in connection with the signal or sign is of a type approved in writing by the Secretary of State or the Scottish Ministers; and

(b)in the case of the signals prescribed by regulation 39 or regulation 52, that any such equipment is of a type so approved as appropriate having regard to the number and disposition and the site of those signals.

(4) Paragraph (3)(b) does not apply to signals displayed to indicate the effect of orders made, or having effect as if made, under section 1 of the Level Crossings Act 1983(63).

(5) If, after a signal or sign has been placed in accordance with an approval under paragraph (3), the signal, sign or any equipment used in connection with the signal or sign is altered, the signal or sign shall not be further used unless that alteration is approved in writing by or on behalf of the Secretary of State.

(6) When any signal or sign has been placed in accordance with an approval under paragraph (3), the signal, the sign or any equipment used in connection with the signal or sign, including any alterations approved in accordance with paragraph (5), shall be regarded as continuing to be approved until notice is given in writing by the Secretary of State—

(a)to the traffic authority; and

(b)either—

(i)to the supplier of the sign, signal or equipment; or

(ii)where an alteration has been approved in accordance with paragraph (3), to the person who carried out the alteration,

of a date after which the signal, sign or equipment is no longer to be so regarded.

(7) Where notice is given under paragraph (6) that a signal, sign or any equipment used in connection with the signal or sign is no longer to be regarded as being approved that signal, sign or equipment shall be removed from the road on or before the date given in the notice.

Studs

57.—(1) A stud incorporating reflectors or retroreflecting material, but no steady or intermittent light source, may be placed on a road if and only if—

(a)it is a stud of a type which meets the requirements of paragraph (5); or

(b)it is of a type approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with direction 58.

(2) A stud incorporating both reflectors or retroreflecting material and a steady or intermittent light source, may be placed on a road if and only if—

(a)so far as it incorporates reflectors or retroreflecting material it is of a type that meets the requirements of paragraph (5) and, so far as it incorporates a steady or intermittent light source, it is of a type approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with direction 58; or

(b)it is of a type approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with direction 58.

(3) A stud incorporating a steady or intermittent light source and no reflectors or retroreflecting material may be placed on a road if and only if it is of a type approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with direction 58.

(4) In paragraph (5) “the European Standards” means European Standards EN 1463–1: 1997 and 1463–2: 2000 for retroreflecting road studs.

(5) A type of stud meets the requirements of this paragraph if and only if, being a type of stud which falls within a description specified in column (2) of an item in the table, it meets the performance requirement or test specification of the European Standards specified in column (3) of the item as it applies to studs within the class specified in that column.

Table
(1)(2)(3)
ItemDescription of studRequirement or test specification and class
NOTE: Expressions used in the table bear the same meanings as in the European Standards.
1.Non depressible road studDimensions : height – class H1 or H2
2.Depressible road studDimensions : height – class H1, H2 or H3
3.Permanent road studDimensions : maximum horizontal dimension exposed to traffic: HD1
4.Temporary road studDimensions : minimum horizontal dimension exposed to traffic: HDT1
5.Permanent road studNight-time visibility : photometric requirements – class PRP1
6.Temporary road studNight-time visibility : photometric requirements – class PRT1
7.Temporary road stud

Daytime visibility : colour of body of stud

  • class DCR1 fluorescent green-yellow

  • class DV1

8.Any studColorimetric requirements – class NCR1 for white, amber, red or green retroreflectors only
9.Any studPrimary assessment – class S1
10.Any studNight-time visibility assessment – class R1, R2 or R3

Approval of types of stud by the Secretary of State

58.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) the Secretary of State may approve in writing a type of stud for the purposes of direction 57(1)(b), (2) or (3).

(2) To the extent that a type of stud incorporates reflectors or retroreflecting material, the Secretary of State may approve it under paragraph (1) only for the purpose of testing it in order to determine whether it meets the requirements of direction 57(5).

(3) When any stud has been placed in accordance with an approval under paragraph (1), the stud shall cease to be regarded as being of an approved type—

(a)in a case where approval has been granted for a specified period only, on whichever is the earlier of—

(i)the date on which that period expires; or

(ii)the date specified in a notice in writing given by the Secretary of State to the supplier and to the traffic authority as the date after which the stud is no longer to be so regarded;

(b)in a case where approval has been granted without any express time limit, on the date specified in a notice in writing given by the Secretary of State to the supplier and to the traffic authority as the date after which the stud is no longer to be so regarded.

(4) All studs ceasing to be of an approved type shall be removed on or before the appropriate date in accordance with paragraph (2).

Special directions

59.  Nothing in these Directions shall be taken to limit the power of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers and the National Assembly of Wales(64) by special direction to dispense with, add to or modify any of the requirements of these Directions in their application to any particular case.

Direction 54

SCHEDULEPLACING OF SIGNALS AND OTHER SIGNS AT SIGNAL-CONTROLLED CROSSING FACILITIES

Interpretation

1.  In this Schedule—

  • “approaching vehicular traffic” in relation to a crossing means vehicular traffic approaching the crossing along the carriageway across which the crossing is placed;

  • “crossing” means a signal-controlled crossing facility;

  • “far side signals” means light signals of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4002.1, 4003.2 and 4003.5;

  • “indicator” means a sign of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003, 4003.3 and 4003.6;

  • “near side signals” means a sign of the size, colour and type shown in diagram 4003.1, 4003.4 and 4003.7;

  • “one-way road” means a road on which the driving of vehicles otherwise than in one particular direction is prohibited;

  • “system of staggered crossings” means two crossings provided on a road on which there is a central reservation and where—

    (a)

    there is one crossing on each side of the central reservation; and

    (b)

    taken together the two crossings do not lie in a straight line;

  • “two-way street” means a road which is not a one-way road; and

references to the left or right hand side of a crossing are to the left or right hand side as viewed by approaching vehicular traffic.

Vehicular light signals on a two-way street

2.  Subject to paragraph 4, on a two-way street, the number and disposition of light signals of the kind prescribed by regulation 33 which are placed at a crossing to control approaching vehicular traffic shall, in the case of a crossing of the type specified in column (2) of an item in the table, be as specified in column (3) of that item.

Table

(1)(2)(3)
ItemType of crossing on a two-way streetLight signals to control approaching vehicular traffic
1.Crossing not forming part of a system of staggered crossings and not having a refuge or central reservation within the limits of the crossingOne primary signal on the left hand side of the crossing and one secondary signal on the right hand side of the crossing
2.Crossing not forming part of a system of staggered crossings and having a refuge or central reservation within the limits of the crossingOne primary signal on the left hand side of the crossing and one secondary signal on the right hand side of the crossing or on the refuge or central reservation
3.Crossing forming part of a system of staggered crossingsOne primary signal on the left hand side of the crossing and one other signal, which may be either a primary or a secondary signal, on the right hand side of the crossing

Vehicular light signals on a one-way road

3.  Subject to paragraph 4, on a one-way road, the number and disposition of light signals of the kind prescribed by regulation 33 to be placed at a crossing to control approaching vehicular traffic shall, in the case of a crossing of the type specified in column (2) of an item in the table, be as specified in column (3) of that item.

Table

(1)(2)(3)
ItemType of crossing on a one-way roadLight signals to control approaching vehicular traffic
1.Crossing not forming part of a system of staggered crossings and not having a refuge or central reservation within the limits of the crossingOne primary signal on the left hand side of the crossing and a signal, which may be either a primary or a secondary signal, on the right hand side of the crossing
2.Crossing not forming part of a system of staggered crossings and having a refuge or central reservation within the limits of the crossingOne primary signal on each side of the crossing and a signal, which may be either a primary signal (in which case it must be on the refuge or the central reservation) or a secondary signal
3.Crossing forming part of a system of staggered crossingsOne primary signal on the left hand side of the crossing and a signal, which may be either a primary signal or a secondary signal, on the right hand side of the crossing

Additional vehicular light signals

4.  In addition to the signals required to be placed at a crossing by paragraph 2 or 3, the traffic authority may place such other primary or secondary signals as it thinks fit.

Far side light signals at crossings

5.—(1) Except where near side signals have been placed at a crossing in accordance with paragraph 6, at least one set of far side signals and one indicator shall be placed at each end of a crossing.

(2) Each set of far side signals shall be so placed as to be clearly visible to any person on the opposite side of the crossing who wishes to use the crossing.

(3) Where a crossing has a refuge or central reservation within its limits, at least one indicator shall be placed on the refuge or central reservation.

(4) Each indicator shall be so placed that the push button on it may be reached by any person wishing to press it.

(5) Where far side signals and indicators have been placed at a crossing in accordance with this paragraph—

(a)there may be placed as many devices of the kind prescribed by regulation 49(8) as the traffic authority think fit; and

(b)no near side signals shall be placed at that crossing.

Near side signals at crossings

6.—(1) Except where far side signals have been placed at a crossing in accordance with paragraph 5, at least one set of near side signals shall be placed at each end of a crossing.

(2) Where a crossing has a refuge or central reservation within its limits, at least one set of near side signals shall be placed on the refuge or central reservation.

(3) Each set of near side signals shall be so placed—

(a)as to be clearly visible to any person who wishes to use the crossing; and

(b)that the push button on it may be reached by any person wishing to press it.

(4) In addition to the near side signals required by this paragraph to be placed at a crossing—

(a)there may be placed as many devices of the kind prescribed by regulation 49(5) or (8) as the traffic authority think fit; and

(b)no far side signals or indicators shall be placed at that crossing.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

David Jamieson

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State,

Department for Transport

16th December 2002

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Instrument)

This Instrument consolidates with substantial amendments the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 1994 and their amending instruments. Part I comprises the Traffic Signs Regulations 2002 and their 19 Schedules and Part II consists of the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002 which have one Schedule.

Regulation 1 enables Part I to be cited on its own as the Traffic Signs Regulations 2002 and the whole instrument (i.e. the Regulations and General Directions) to be cited by the collective title of the Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002. The Regulations consolidated with amendments by Part I are revoked by regulation 2. Regulation 3, however, provides for certain signs prescribed by the Traffic Signs Regulations 1994 or by earlier Regulations, but not prescribed by these new Regulations, to be treated as prescribed by these Regulations until particular dates. Regulations 4–6 make general provisions as to the interpretation of the Regulations and regulation 7 deals with the interpretation of the tables appearing below the diagrams in Schedules 1–13. A general saving for the powers of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers and the National Assembly for Wales to authorise traffic signs of a character not prescribed by the Regulations is contained in regulation 8 and regulation 9 makes it clear that nothing in the Regulations is to have effect to authorise anyone to place signs indicating a temporary obstruction. The relevant Regulations for this purpose are the Traffic Signs (Temporary Obstructions) Regulations 1997 (S.I. 1997/3053).

Regulation 10 prescribes traffic signs for the purposes of section 36 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 (signs whose indication it is an offence to contravene) and for the purposes of column 5 of Schedule 2 to the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (signs whose contravention is an offence involving discretionary disqualification). Regulation 11 provides that, subject to the provisions of the Regulations, the sign for conveying information or a warning, requirement, restriction, prohibition or speed limit of the description specified in the caption to a diagram in Schedules 1–7, Part II of Schedule 10 or Schedule 12 must be of the size, colour and type shown in the diagram. Regulation 12 makes provision as to the extent to which it is permissible to vary the dimensions for the signs shown in the diagrams in the Schedules and regulation 13 makes provision as to the proportions and form of letters, numerals, symbols and other characters included in the diagrams. Regulation 14 prescribes signs that can be attached to vehicles.

Regulations 15 and 16 provide for particular warning and regulatory signs; regulation 17 and Schedule 16 make provision as to the permitted variants of the prescribed signs, including variants which are required to be made in particular circumstances. Provision is made for the illumination of signs (including plates) by regulations 18–21 (and Schedule 17) and regulations 20–24 concern buses, bus lanes and bus symbols. Regulations 25–32 and Schedules 6 (road marking diagrams) and 19 (significance of bus stops and bus stand clearway and box junction markings) are concerned with road markings; they indicate the significance of particular markings (regulations 25–29), and specify the permitted variants (regulation 30), the manner of illuminating road markings (regulation 31), the height of markings and the size of studs (regulation 32).

Section 5 (regulations 33–52) concerns light signals and warning lights. Regulations 33–35 prescribe the form of traffic light signals to control vehicular traffic, including portable signals and signals displaying a green arrow. The significance of these signals is prescribed by regulation 36. Equivalent provision is made for light signals for the control of vehicular traffic on motorways and all-purpose dual carriageway roads (regulations 37 and 38), for light signals to control vehicular traffic at level crossings (regulations 39 and 40) and light signals for the control of tramcars (regulations 41 and 42). The meaning of the expression “stop line” in the regulations relating to light signals is given in regulation 43. Regulations 44 to 46 prescribe light signals for the control of vehicular traffic travelling in lanes and for warning signals and matrix signs for motorways and all-purpose dual carriageway roads. Regulations 47–49 make provision for signals to control traffic crossing the carriageway of roads on which vehicular traffic is controlled by light signals. The crossings thereby created will not be crossings of the kind authorised by section 24 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984. Crossing facilities for pedestrians provided in conjunction with traffic light signals are prescribed by regulation 47 and regulations 48 and 49 provide for equestrian crossings for horse riders and “Toucan” crossings, which are combined crossings for pedestrians and cyclists. Regulations 50 to 52 provide for warning lights at crossing places for school children, cattle crossing signs and warning lights and light signals for pedestrians at railway level crossings. The diagrams for the various types of light signal are set out in Schedules 8–11 of the Regulations.

Regulations 53 to 58 concern various other traffic signs including temporary signs (regulation 53), flashing beacons (regulation 54), road danger lamps (regulation 55), cones, delineators and cylinders (regulation 56), refuge indicator lamps (regulation 57) and variable message signs (regulation 58 and Schedule 15).

Part II consists of the Traffic Signs General Directions 2002 which are made under section 65 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984. Direction 5 contains a saving for traffic signs placed in conformity with the Traffic Signs General Directions 1994 (revoked by direction 2) or to be treated as placed in conformity with those Directions. Direction 6 requires the sign shown in diagram 601.1 (“STOP”) only to be placed at a site for the first time with the approval of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers or the National Assembly for Wales and direction 7 specifies those signs which can only be placed to indicate the effect of an order or other statutory provision.

Directions 8–11 concern the placing of signs to indicate the start and finish of restrictions (including speed limits) which apply along lengths of road and the placing of repeater signs along those lengths. Directions 12–15 specify signs that can only be placed on particular types of road and direction 16 specifies the circumstances in which a 20mph speed limit sign can be placed. Directions 17–21 specify signs that can only be placed in conjunction with other specified signs and directions 22–26 make provision as to the placing of signs to indicate waiting restrictions including the boundaries of controlled parking zones.

Directions 27–35 concern various signs which are to be placed only at specified sites or for specified purposes and directions 36–39 restrict the placing of temporary signs. Direction 40 provides that where the sign in diagram 629.1 (vehicles exceeding a specified length prohibited) has been varied to give a metric indication, it must be used in conjunction with a sign giving an imperial indication.

Directions 41–46 concern the mounting and backing of various signs and directions 47–55 relate to signs that include light signals. In particular, direction 49 restricts the use of the zig-zag lines in conjunction with traffic light signals and direction 54 introduces the Schedule to the Directions which concerns the combinations of signs to be used at crossings for pedestrians or equestrians and Toucan crossings. (Zebra, Pelican and Puffin crossings are not affected; these are dealt with by the Zebra, Pelican and Puffin Pedestrian Crossing Regulations 1997, S.I. 1997/2400). Directions 56–58 concern type approval of signs by the Secretary of State and direction 59 is a general saving for the powers of the Secretary of State, the Scottish Ministers and the National Assembly for Wales to give special directions regarding the placing of traffic signs.

These Regulations were notified in draft to the European Commission in accordance with Directive 98/34/EC as amended by Directive 98/48/EC. Copies of the Directives can be obtained from the Stationery Office.

(1)

1984 c. 27. Section 64 was amended by the Road Traffic (Consequential Provisions) Act 1988 (c. 54), Schedule 3, paragraph 25, the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 54), Schedule 9, paragraph 93, and the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991 (c. 22), Schedule 8, paragraph 47. Amendments were made relating to the exercise of powers under section 64 by S.I. 1999/672, 1750 and 3143. Section 65 was amended by the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, Schedule 9, paragraph 93, the Local Government and Housing Act 1989 (c. 42), section 153, the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 48 and the Road Traffic Act 1991 (c. 40), Schedule 4, paragraph 29. Amendments were made relating to the exercise of powers under section 65 by S.I. 1999/672, 1750 and 3143. Section 85(2) was amended by the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 62 and by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 30 and Schedule 8. Amendments were made relating to the exercise of powers under section 85(2) by S.I. 1999/672 and 1750.

(2)

Section 36(5) was amended by S.I. 1997/2971. Amendments were made relating to the exercise of powers under section 36(5) by S.I. 1999/672, 1750 and 3143.

(4)

Part I of S.I. 1994/1519.

(5)

Part I of S.I. 1995/3107.

(8)

Part II of S.I. 1994/1519.

(12)

Cmnd 2073 and 2183.

(15)

Section 17 was amended by the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 28 and Schedule 9 and by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 25 and Schedule 8.

(16)

Schedule 4 was amended by the Road Traffic (Consequential Provisions) Act 1988 (c. 54), section 4 and Schedule 3, paragraph 21(3).

(17)

See section 140(1)(c).

(18)

1981 c. 14; section 1 was amended by the Transport Act 1985, section 139(3) and Schedule 8.

(19)

1847 c. 89; section 37 was amended by the Transport Act 1985 (c. 67) sections 16(a) and 139(3) and Schedule 8.

(20)

1869 c. 115; section 6 was amended by the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 1976 (c. 16) and by the Transport Act 1976 (c. 16) and by the Transport Act 1981 sections 35(1) and 40(1) and Schedule 12 Part III.

(23)

Section 9 was amended by the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 23, by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 24 and by the Local Government Act 1985 (c. 51), Schedule 4, paragraph 4(4). Section 14 was substituted by the Road Traffic (Temporary Restrictions) Act 1991 (c. 26), Schedule 1 and amended by the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000 (asp 10), Schedule 5, paragraph 11(1). Section 66 was amended by the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984, Schedule 3, paragraph 25(4), by the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 49 and by the Road Traffic (Consequential Provisions) Act 1988 (c. 54), Schedule 3, paragraph 25(4). Section 67 was amended by the Road Traffic (Temporary Restrictions) Act 1991, section 1(3), by the New Roads and Street Works Act 1991, Schedule 8, paragraph 51, Schedule 9 and by the Road Traffic Regulation (Special Events) Act 1994 (c. 11), Schedule, paragraph 1.

(24)

Part II of this Instrument.

(25)

1980 c. 66. Section 90A was inserted by the Transport Act 1981 (c. 56), section 32(1), Schedule 10 Part I, paragraph 2.

(26)

Section 36 was amended by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 38.

(28)

S.I. 1998/1448; relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1999/1000.

(29)

Section 90G was inserted by the Traffic Calming Act 1992 (c. 30), section 1(2), Schedule 1.

(30)

Section 39A was inserted by the Traffic Calming Act 1992 (c. 30), Schedule 2.

(32)

S.I. 1994/2488; relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1999/1000.

(33)

Section 141A was inserted by the Road Traffic Act 1991 (c. 40), section 46 and was amended by the Schedule to the Road Traffic Regulation (Special Events) Act 1994 (c. 11).

(34)

Part I of S.I. 1997/2400, to which there are amendments not relevant to these Regulations.

(35)

Section 16A was inserted by the Road Traffic Regulation (Special Events) Act 1994, section 1(1).

(36)

This Order is not a Statutory Instrument. It was amended by the 70 miles per hour, 60 miles per hour and 50 miles per hour (Temporary Speed Limit) (Variation) Order 1978 and its provisions were continued in force indefinitely by the 70 miles per hour, 60 miles per hour and 50 miles per hour (Temporary Speed Limit) (Continuation) Order 1978, S.I. 1978/1548.

(38)

Part II of this Instrument.

(39)

See S.I. 1999/672 and 1750.

(41)

Section 63A was inserted by the Road Traffic Act 1991 section 44(1) and was amended by the Greater London Authority Act 1999 (c. 29) section 289.

(43)

Part II of S.I. 1994/1519.

(45)

Part II of S.I. 1995/3107.

(47)

Part I of this Instrument.

(48)

1980 c. 66; section 90A was inserted by the Transport Act 1981 (c. 56), section 32(1), Schedule 10 Part I, paragraph 2.

(49)

1984 c. 54; section 36 was amended by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 38.

(51)

S.I. 1998/1448; relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1999/1000.

(52)

Section 90G was inserted by the Traffic Calming Act 1992 (c. 30), Schedule 1.

(53)

Section 39A was inserted by the Traffic Calming Act 1992, Schedule 2.

(55)

S.I. 1994/2488; relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1999/1000.

(58)

1980 c. 66; section 90A was inserted by the Transport Act 1981 (c. 56), section 32(1), Schedule 10 Part I, paragraph 2.

(60)

1984 c. 54; section 36 was amended by the Road Traffic Act 1991, Schedule 4, paragraph 38.

(61)

S.I. 1998/1448; relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1999/1000.

(62)

Part I of S.I. 1997/2400.

(64)

See S.I. 1999/672 and 1750.