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(This note is not part of the Regulations)
These Regulations set out the recognition requirements which investment exchanges and clearing houses must satisfy in order to be or remain recognised by the Financial Services Authority under section 290 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) (“the Act”). Recognised investment exchanges and clearing houses have an exemption under section 285(2) of the Act, permitting them to carry on certain activities which would otherwise require authorisation by the Authority under Part IV of the Act.
The recognition requirements are listed in the Schedule to the Regulations, which applies in accordance with regulations 4 and 5. Regulation 6 indicates that in assessing compliance with the requirements the Financial Services Authority may take account, for example, of the body’s constitution and practices, as well as its rules, guidance, and the arrangements which it makes for the provision of clearing services (see the definition of “regulatory provisions” in section 302(1) of the Act). Regulation 6 also permits a body to satisfy the requirements by delegating the performance of a function to another person, provided that person is fit and proper.
Part I of the Schedule sets out various requirements applying to investment exchanges, covering matters such as the sufficiency of its financial resources, the protection afforded to investors, and its willingness to maintain high standards of integrity and fair dealing. Part III of the Schedule sets out a similar range of requirements for clearing houses. Some requirements in Part I refer to “investments”, which is defined in regulation 3(1) by reference to section 22 of the Act. At the time these Regulations were made, the investments specified for the purposes of that section were contained in Part III of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/544).
Parts II and IV of the Schedule set out requirements formerly contained in Parts I and II of Schedule 21 of the Companies Act 1989 (c. 40) (“the Companies Act”). These provisions require recognised investment exchanges and clearing houses to have default rules applying where a person defaults on obligations under a market contract. “Market contract” (see regulation 1) is defined in section 286 of the Act as a contract to which Part VII of the Companies Act (or Part V of the Companies (No. 2) (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/1504, N.I. 10)) applies. However under regulation 8 (which replaces section 156(3A) of the Companies Act) a recognised investment exchange or recognised clearing house is not required to have default rules relating to particular types of market contract if it does not enter into any such contracts. “Market contract” also includes any other categories of contract prescribed by the Treasury under section 286 of the Act, but no such additional categories are currently prescribed.
Regulations 9 and 10 contain transitional provisions. Regulation 9 ensures that investment exchanges and clearing houses which were recognised under the Financial Services Act 1986 (c. 60) continue to be recognised under the Act. Regulation 10 ensures that any action taken with a view to the revocation of such recognition under the Financial Services Act can be continued. However regulations 9(6) and 10(7) contain safeguards to ensure that recognised bodies have sufficient time to comply with new requirements which did not previously apply to them.
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