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1. The Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986(1) shall be amended as follows.
2. In section 4 (personal licences), after subsection (4) there shall be inserted—
“(4A) The Secretary of State shall not grant a personal licence to a person unless he is satisfied that the person—
(a)has appropriate education and training (including instruction in a relevant scientific discipline) for the purpose of applying the regulated procedures to be specified in the licence; and
(b)is competent to apply those procedures in accordance with the conditions which are to be included in the licence and to handle and take care of laboratory animals.”.
3. In section 5 (project licences), for subsection (5) there shall be substituted—
“(5) The Secretary of State shall not grant a project licence unless he is satisfied—
(a)that the purpose of the programme to be specified in the licence cannot be achieved satisfactorily by any other reasonably practicable method not entailing the use of protected animals; and
(b)that the regulated procedures to be used are those which use the minimum number of animals, involve animals with the lowest degree of neurophysiological sensitivity, cause the least pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm, and are most likely to produce satisfactory results.”.
4.—(1) Section 10 (conditions) shall be amended as follows. (2) After subsection (2) there shall be inserted—
“(2A) Without prejudice to subsection (2)(a) above, the conditions of a personal licence shall include such conditions as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to ensure that the authorised procedures are carried out in accordance with Article 8 of Council Directive No. 86/609/EEC(2), the text of which is set out in Schedule 2A to this Act.”.
(3) In subsection (3)—
(a)after paragraph (c)(3) there shall be inserted—
(d)that no protected animal taken from the wild shall be used under the licence;”;
(b)after the words “paragraph (a)” there shall be inserted the words “or (d)”.
(4) After subsection (3A)(4) there shall be inserted—
“(3B) Where a project licence authorises the setting free of a protected animal in the course of a series of regulated procedures, that licence shall include a condition requiring the prior consent of the Secretary of State to the setting free of the animal.
(3C) The Secretary of State shall not give his consent to the setting free of an animal in pursuance of a condition included in a project licence under subsection (3B) above unless he is satisfied—
(a)that the maximum possible care has been taken to safeguard the animal’s well-being;
(b)that the animal’s state of health allows it to be set free; and
(c)that the setting free of the animal poses no danger to public health or the environment.
(3D) The conditions of a project licence shall include such conditions as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to ensure—
(a)that where a protected animal has been subjected to a series of regulated procedures for a particular purpose, at the conclusion of the series a veterinary surgeon or, if none is available, another suitably qualified person determines whether the animal should be killed or kept alive;
(b)that, if that person considers that it is likely to remain in lasting pain or distress, the animal is killed by a method appropriate to the animal under Schedule 1 to this Act, or by such other method as may be authorised by the personal licence of the person by whom the animal is killed; and
(c)that where the animal is to be kept alive, it is kept at a designated establishment (subject to subsection (6D) below).”.
(5) After subsection (5) there shall be inserted—
“(5A) The conditions of a certificate issued under section 6 above shall include such conditions as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to ensure—
(a)that sufficient trained staff are provided at the establishment; and
(b)that the persons who take care of protected animals at the establishment and those who supervise such persons have appropriate education and training.”.
(6) After subsection (6), there shall be inserted—
“(6A) The conditions of a certificate issued under section 6 or 7 above shall, if the certificate permits dogs, cats or primates to be kept or bred at the establishment in question, include conditions requiring the holder of the certificate to ensure—
(a)that particulars of the identity and origin of each dog, cat or primate kept or bred at the establishment are entered in the records referred to in subsection (6)(b) above;
(b)that before it is weaned, every dog, cat or primate in the establishment not falling within paragraph (c) below is provided with an individual identification mark in the least painful manner possible;
(c)that where a dog, cat or primate is transferred from one establishment to another before it is weaned and it is not practicable to mark it beforehand, the records kept by the establishment receiving the animal identify that animal’s mother until the animal is provided with an individual identification mark; and
(d)that any unmarked dog, cat or primate which is taken into the establishment after being weaned is provided as soon as possible thereafter with an individual identification mark.
(6B) The conditions of a certificate issued under section 6 or 7 above shall include such conditions relating to the general care and accommodation of protected animals bred, kept or used at the establishment as the Secretary of State considers appropriate in order to ensure—
(a)that the environment, housing, freedom of movement, food, water and care provided for each such animal are appropriate for the animal’s health and well-being;
(b)that any restrictions on the extent to which each such animal can satisfy its physiological and ethological needs are kept to the absolute minimum;
(c)that the environmental conditions in which such animals are bred, kept or used are checked daily;
(d)that the well-being and state of health of such animals are monitored by a suitably qualified person in order to prevent pain or avoidable suffering, distress or lasting harm; and
(e)that arrangements are made to ensure that any defect or suffering discovered is eliminated as quickly as possible.
(6C) When considering what conditions are appropriate to ensure the matters specified in subsection (6B)(a) and (b) above, the Secretary of State shall have regard to the guidance in Annex II to Council Directive No. 86/609/EEC.
(6D) The conditions of a certificate issued under section 6 or 7 above shall include such conditions as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to ensure that any animal kept alive after being subjected to a series of regulated procedures will continue to be kept at the establishment under the supervision of a veterinary surgeon or other suitably qualified person unless it is moved to another designated establishment or a veterinary surgeon certifies that it will not suffer if it ceases to be kept at a designated establishment.”.
5. For section 14 (re-use of protected animals) there shall be substituted—
(a)a protected animal has been subjected to a series of regulated procedures for a particular purpose; and
(b)any of those procedures has caused severe pain or distress to that animal,
that animal shall not be used for any further regulated procedures which will entail severe pain or distress.
(2) Where a protected animal has been subjected to a series of regulated procedures for a particular purpose and has been given a general anaesthetic for any of those procedures and been allowed to recover consciousness, that animal shall not be used for any further regulated procedures unless the Secretary of State has given his consent to such further use and—
(a)the procedure, or each procedure, for which the anaesthetic was given consisted only of surgical preparation essential for a subsequent procedure; or
(b)the anaesthetic was administered solely to immobilise the animal; or
(c)the animal will be under general anaesthesia throughout the further procedures and will not be allowed to recover consciousness.
(3) Without prejudice to subsections (1) and (2) above, where a protected animal has been subjected to a series of regulated procedures for a particular purpose it shall not be used for any further regulated procedures except with the consent of the Secretary of State.
(4) Any consent for the purposes of this section may relate to a specified animal or to animals used in specified procedures or specified circumstances.”.
6. After Schedule 2 there shall be inserted the following Schedule—
1. All experiments shall be carried out under general or local anaesthesia.
2. Paragraph 1 above does not apply when:
(a)anaesthesia is judged to be more traumatic to the animal than the experiment itself;
(b)anaesthesia is incompatible with the object of the experiment. In such cases appropriate legislative and/or administrative measures shall be taken to ensure that no such experiment is carried out unnecessarily.
Anaesthesia should be used in the case of serious injuries which may cause severe pain.
3. If anaesthesia is not possible, analgesics or other appropriate methods should be used in order to ensure as far as possible that pain, suffering, distress or harm are limited and that in any event the animal is not subject to severe pain, distress or suffering.
4. Provided such action is compatible with the object of the experiment, an anaesthetised animal, which suffers considerable pain once anaesthesia has worn off, shall be treated in good time with pain-relieving means or, if this is not possible, shall be immediately killed by a humane method.”.
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