Search Legislation

The Bovine Hides Regulations 1997

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the editorial team to The Bovine Hides Regulations 1997. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation


Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Changes and effects yet to be applied to :

 Help about changes and effects

Changes and effects

This section lists the changes and effects yet to be applied to the specific provision you are viewing.

Title and commencementE+W+S+NI

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Bovine Hides Regulations 1997 and shall come into force on 3rd April 1997.


2.  In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “the appropriate Minister” means—


    in relation to England, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food;


    in relation to Scotland or Wales, the Secretary of State; and


    in relation to Northern Ireland, the Department of Agriculture for Northern Ireland;

  • “approved incinerator” means an incinerator approved by the appropriate Minister under articles 3 and 19 of the Specified Bovine Material Order 1997(1);

  • “approved rendering plant” means a rendering plant approved by the appropriate Minister under articles 3 and 20 of the Specified Bovine Material Order 1997 or approved by the appropriate Minister under regulation 3 below;

  • “authorised officer” means an officer authorised by the appropriate Minister for the purposes of these Regulations;

  • “Commission Regulation 716/96” means Commission Regulation (EC) No. 716/96(2) adopting exceptional support measures for the beef market in the United Kingdom, as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 2423/96(3);

  • “controlled hide” means the hide of any animal slaughtered in pursuance of either of the schemes on or after the date of entry into force of these Regulations, from the time of its removal from the carcase until it is processed;

  • “controlled waste” means—


    trimmings, fleshings and by-products derived from a controlled hide;


    where a controlled hide is split before it is tanned, and the split is not tanned, that split; and


    protein or tallow produced by rendering other controlled waste;

  • “processed”, in relation to a hide, means processed to the wet-tanned stage of the tanning process;

  • “registered”, in relation to a hide dealer or tannery controller, means registered under regulation 3 below;

  • “the schemes” means—


    the scheme, introduced by Commission Regulation 716/96, for the purchase of bovine animals aged more than 30 months which do not show clinical signs of bovine spongiform encephalopathy and which were, during a period of six months prior to their sale, present on a holding on United Kingdom territory; and


    the selective cull, as defined in regulation 2 of the Selective Cull (Enforcement of Community Compensation Conditions) Regulations 1996(4);

  • “scheme animal” means a bovine animal slaughtered under either of the schemes;

  • “scheme slaughterhouse” means a slaughterhouse where scheme animals are slaughtered.

Registration, approvals and directionsE+W+S+NI

3.—(1) The appropriate Minister may on application register a person as a hide dealer or tannery controller, if he is satisfied that the person has the necessary facilities—

(a)to ensure that any controlled hide in his possession is reasonably secure against theft;

(b)to produce the returns required under regulation 7 below in a timely fashion and to keep the records required under that regulation in a manner which will facilitate the inspection of those records by an authorised officer in accordance with regulation 8(3)(a) below; and

(c)to carry out all other functions of a hide dealer or tannery controller (as the case may be) in accordance with these Regulations.

(2) For the purposes of these Regulations, the appropriate Minister may on application, approve a place as an approved rendering plant if he is satisfied that it has the facilities—

(a)necessary to process controlled waste without risk to human or animal health;

(b)to process controlled waste separately from all other material without any contamination occurring; and

(c)to satisfy the record keeping requirement imposed under regulation 7(6) below.

(3) Any approval or registration granted under these Regulations shall be in writing and may be made subject to conditions and be amended, suspended or revoked at any time by notice in writing served on the person to whom the approval or registration was granted if the appropriate Minister is satisfied that the conditions of these Regulations, or any additional conditions in the approval or registration, are not being complied with.

(4) Any direction given under these Regulations shall be given in writing by means of a notice addressed to each person to whom that direction relates.

General requirements in relation to controlled hidesE+W+S+NI

4.—(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2) below, no person shall buy, sell or otherwise deal with a controlled hide unless—

(a)he is a registered dealer or a registered tannery controller;

(b)he keeps and transports it in a place which is physically separated from any place in which any hide other than a controlled hide is kept or transported; and

(c)he keeps records of his dealings with that hide in accordance with regulation 7 below.

(2) The operator of a scheme slaughterhouse may sell a controlled hide.

(3) No person shall sell or deliver a controlled hide to any person except a registered hide dealer or a registered tannery controller.

(4) No person shall remove trimmings or fleshings from a controlled hide, or split a controlled hide, except at a scheme slaughterhouse or a tannery controlled by a registered tannery controller.

Additional requirements in relation to tanneriesE+W+S+NI

5.—(1) A registered tannery controller shall ensure that—

(a)each controlled hide delivered to him is either processed or treated as controlled waste;

(b)controlled hides delivered to him are stored and processed separately from any other hides; and

(c)any place in which, or equipment with which, controlled hides are stored or processed is thoroughly cleaned before it is used to store or process any other hide or other material.

(2) A registered tannery controller shall ensure that all controlled waste is either—

(a)stained immediately it is removed from the hide, by being treated (whether by immersion, spraying or other application) with a 0.5% weight/volume solution of the colouring agent CI Acid Green (Colour Index No. 44025(5)) in such a way that the colouring is clearly visible over the whole surface of the material; or

(b)(in the case of trimmings and splits) processed as if it were a controlled hide.

(3) Once controlled waste has been removed from the hide and stained in accordance with paragraph (2)(a) above, the person responsible for its removal and staining—

(a)shall ensure that it is placed in an impervious sealed container, the exterior surface of which is clearly marked to show that it contains controlled waste; and

(b)shall, without unreasonable delay, send it directly to an approved incinerator or an approved rendering plant.

Requirements in relation to approved rendering plants and approved incineratorsE+W+S+NI

6.—(1) Any person delivering controlled waste to an approved rendering plant shall state in writing to the operator of the rendering plant concerned the place from which that controlled waste was collected for delivery to that rendering plant.

(2) No person shall take delivery of controlled waste at a rendering plant, or operate a rendering plant for controlled waste, unless it is an approved rendering plant.

(3) The operator of an approved rendering plant shall ensure that all controlled waste in the rendering plant is kept and stored separately from all other material, handled separately from other material and rendered separately from other material.

(4) The operator of an approved rendering plant shall ensure that controlled waste is rendered without undue delay.

(5) After controlled waste has been processed and separated into protein and tallow the operator of an approved rendering plant shall ensure that the protein and tallow are placed in separate containers each labelled “controlled waste” and consigned to a place specified in the approval of the plant or such other place as the appropriate Minister may direct.

(6) The operator of an approved rendering plant shall ensure that the premises and equipment are kept in a good state of repair and that measuring equipment is calibrated at regular intervals.

(7) Article 19(2), (4) and (5) of the Specified Bovine Material Order 1997 shall apply to the incineration of controlled waste as if it were specified bovine material.

Record keeping requirementsE+W+S+NI

7.—(1) Every registered dealer and every registered tannery controller shall send to the appropriate Minister or to such other person as that Minister may direct, a weekly return in such form and by such means as the appropriate Minister may direct, setting out the information specified in Schedule 1 below, and shall retain a copy of that return.

(2) No person shall despatch a consignment of controlled hides to any place (including another place under his control) unless the consignment is accompanied by a document in such form as the appropriate Minister may direct specifying—

(a)the name and address of the person despatching the consignment;

(b)the date of despatch;

(c)the number and weight of the hides despatched; and

(d)the destination to which they are despatched.

(3) No person shall transport a consignment of controlled hides, unless it is accompanied by the document described in paragraph (2) above, completed as required by that paragraph.

(4) No person shall accept delivery of a consignment of controlled hides unless—

(a)it is accompanied by the document described in paragraph (2) above, completed as required by that paragraph;

(b)he immediately completes that document so that it records his name and address and the date on which he received the consignment; and

(c)he retains that document.

(5) Any person who consigns controlled waste to an approved rendering plant or an approved incinerator shall keep a record of the weight consigned, the date of consignment and the destination to which it was consigned.

(6) The operator of an approved rendering plant and of an approved incinerator shall record on arrival of controlled waste at the premises—

(a)the weight of the controlled waste delivered;

(b)the date of delivery; and

(c)the place from which it was consigned.

(7) The operator of an approved rendering plant shall keep a record of the weight of protein and of the weight of tallow consigned in accordance with regulation 6(5) above, and of the date and the point of destination of each consignment.

(8) Any person who is required by this regulation to keep records, or to keep any document or a copy of any return, shall retain that record, document or copy for three calendar years from the end of the calendar year in which the record or document was created or the return completed.

Powers of entry and inspectionE+W+S+NI

8.—(1) An authorised officer shall, on producing, if required to do so, some duly authenticated document showing his authority, have the right at all reasonable hours to enter any land or premises (excluding premises used only as a dwelling) for the purposes of ascertaining whether there is or has been on the land or premises any contravention of these Regulations; and in this regulation “premises” includes any place, installation, vehicle, ship, vessel, boat, craft, hovercraft or aircraft.

(2) An authorised officer entering upon any place in accordance with paragraph (1) above may take with him such other persons acting under his instructions as he considers necessary.

(3) An authorised officer may, for the purpose described in paragraph (1) above—

(a)require a registered hide dealer, a registered tannery controller, the operator of a scheme slaughterhouse, approved rendering plant or an approved incinerator and the owner or occupier of any other place where the hides of bovine animals are kept to produce for inspection any bill, account, record or other document in his possession or under his control relating to the hides, the animals from which they were derived and any controlled waste and, where any such document is kept by means of a computer, require him to afford the authorised officer access to, and all necessary means to inspect and check the operation of, any computer and any associated apparatus or material which is or has been in use in connection with that document;

(b)make copies of or take copies from any such document so produced; and

(c)take samples (and, if necessary, send the samples for laboratory testing) from any product or material.

Offences and penaltiesE+W+S+NI

9.—(1) It shall be an offence for a person—

(a)without reasonable excuse, to fail to comply with the provisions of regulations 4 to 7 above;

(b)intentionally to obstruct an authorised person, or a person acting under his instructions, in the exercise of a power conferred by regulation 8 above;

(c)without reasonable excuse, to fail to comply with a request made under regulation 8(3)(a) above; or

(d)knowingly or recklessly to furnish any information that he is required to provide to the appropriate Minister under these Regulations which is false or misleading in a material particular.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under paragraph (1) above shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Time limit for prosecutionsE+W+S+NI

10.—(1) Proceedings for an offence under regulation 9 above may, subject to paragraph (2) below, be commenced within the period of six months from the date on which evidence sufficient in the opinion of the prosecutor to warrant the proceedings came to his knowledge.

(2) No such proceedings shall be commenced by virtue of this regulation more than four years after the commission of the offence.

(3) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)a certificate signed by or on behalf of the prosecutor and stating the date on which evidence sufficient in his opinion to warrant the proceedings came to his knowledge shall be conclusive evidence of that fact; and

(b)a certificate stating that matter and purporting to be so signed shall be deemed to be so signed unless the contrary is proved.

(4) In relation to proceedings in Scotland, section 136(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995(6) (date of commencement of proceedings) shall apply for the purposes of this regulation as it applies for the purposes of that section.

Offences by bodies corporateE+W+S+NI

11.—(1) Where a body corporate is guilty of an offence under these Regulations, and that offence is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of—

(a)any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate; or

(b)any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity,

he, as well as the body corporate, shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with regulation 9 above.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) above, “director”, in relation to a body corporate whose affairs are managed by its members, means a member of that body corporate.

(3) Where an offence under these Regulations is committed in Scotland by a Scottish partnership and is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner, he, as well as the partnership, shall be guilty of the offence and be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with regulation 9 above.

Appointment of authorised officersE+W+S+NI

12.  The appropriate Minister may appoint any person to be an authorised person for the purpose of these Regulations, and may suspend or revoke such appointment if it appears to the Minister that the person so appointed is unfit or unable to carry out the duties of an authorised officer.

Tony Baldry

Minister of State, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

12th March 1997


Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Scottish Office

13th March 1997

Back to top


Print Options


Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.


See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.


Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once


More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources