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The Social Security (Incapacity for Work) (General) Regulations 1995

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Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations contain provisions affecting determinations as to capacity for work for the purposes of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992 (“the Act").

Part I contains general provisions, including commencement, definitions and application. These Regulations do not apply for the purposes of industrial injuries benefit and statutory sick pay.

Part II contains general provisions relating to incapacity for work, including provisions which are supplementary to Part XIIA of the Act and provisions relating to adjudication:

Regulation 4 defines “remunerative work" for the purposes of the own occupation test (which is set out in section 171B of the Act) and regulation 5 provides for the application of that test to persons with more than one occupation.

Regulations 6 to 9 provide for the evidence or information required for the purposes of determining capacity for work and the consequences of failing to provide it. In particular a person may be called for a medical examination and may be treated as capable for work if he fails to attend.

Regulations 10 to 15 provide for the circumstances in which a person is to be treated as incapable for work.

Regulations 16 to 18 provide for the circumstances in which a person is to be treated as capable of work or disqualified for receiving certain benefits. Subject to certain exceptions, persons are to be treated as capable of work for the whole of any week in which they do work which is not in an exempt category and within defined limits. Persons may also be treated as capable of work or disqualified for receiving benefit on the grounds of misconduct or failure to observe certain rules of behaviour.

Regulations 19 to 22 affect adjudication on questions relating to incapacity for work. In particular they provide for a determination in relation to one benefit to be conclusive for other benefits. They also provide for social security appeal tribunals to sit with a medical assessor in certain cases and for the constitution of panels of such assessors.

Part III relates to the all work test, which is defined in these Regulations in accordance with section 30C(1) of the Act:

Regulation 23 provides for interpretation of Part III and the Schedule.

Regulations 24 to 26 set out the all work test and establish how it is to be satisfied.

Regulation 27 states when a doctor approved by the Secretary of State may determine that a person who does not satisfy the all work test may nonetheless be treated as incapable of work.

Regulation 28 sets out conditions whereby the all work test shall be treated as satisfied until a person has been assessed or until he is treated as capable of work as the case may be.

The Schedule sets out the disabilities which may make a person incapable of work. Part I of the Schedule deals with physical disabilities and Part II with mental disabilities.

These Regulations are made before the expiry of 6 months from the commencement of the provisions under which they are made and are accordingly exempt by section 173(5)(a) of the Social Security Administration Act 1992 from reference to the Social Security Advisory Committee and have not been so referred.

These Regulations do not impose any costs on business.

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