xmlns:atom="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"

Statutory Instruments

1994 No. 2280

ROAD TRAFFIC

The Road Vehicles Lighting (Amendment) Regulations 1994

Made

1st September 1994

Laid before Parliament

9th September 1994

Coming into force

For all purposes other than those of regulation 6

1st October 1994

For the purposes of regulation 6

1st April 1995

The Secretary of State for Transport,—

(a)

in exercise of the powers conferred by section 41(1), (2) and (5) of the Road Traffic Act 1988(1) (“the 1988 Act”), as read with section 43 of that Act, and after consultation with representative organisations in accordance with section 195(2) of the 1988 Act; and

(b)

being a Minister designated(2) for the purposes of subsection (2) of section 2 of the European Communities Act 1972(3) in relation to the construction and equipment of vehicles and of components of vehicles, in exercise of the powers conferred by that section;

and in exercise of all other powers enabling him in that behalf hereby makes the following Regulations:—

Commencement and citation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Road Vehicles Lighting (Amendment) Regulations 1994.

(2) These Regulations, except regulation 6, shall come into force on 1st October 1994 and regulation 6 shall come into force on 1st April 1995.

(3) The Secretary of State is satisfied that—

(a)it is requisite that the provisions of regulation 6 of these Regulations shall apply as from 1st April 1995 and the provisions of regulation 12 of these Regulations shall apply as from 1st October 1994 to vehicles registered under the Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994(4) before the expiration of one year from the making of these Regulations; and

(b)notwithstanding that the said provisions will apply to those vehicles as from those dates, no undue hardship or inconvenience will be caused thereby.

Preliminary

2.—(1) The Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989(5) shall be amended in accordance with the following provisions of these Regulations.

(2) So far as any requirement is imposed by virtue of these Regulations, that requirement is imposed in exercise of the powers conferred by section 41 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 to the exclusion of the powers conferred by section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972.

Amendments to regulation 3(2) (Interpretation)

3.—(1) The Table in regulation 3(2) shall be amended as follows.

(2) In the definition of “Community Directive 76/756/EEC, as amended”, for that expression there shall be substituted “Community Directive 76/756/EEC, as last amended by Directive 89/278/EEC”.

(3) After that definition, there shall be inserted the following definition—

“Community Directive 76/756/EEC, as last amended by Directive 91/663/EECCouncil Directive 76/756/EEC as last amended by Directive 89/278/EEC and further amended by Commission Directive 91/663/EEC (O.J.L366, 31.12.91, p.17).

(4) After the definition of “Pedestrian-controlled vehicle” there shall be inserted the following definition—

“Prescribed sign”a sign which is of a type shown in Schedule 21A and complies with the requirements of that Schedule.

(5) In the definition of “traffic sign”, for the words “the Act” there shall be substituted the words “the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984”.

(6) In the definition of “visiting vehicle”, for the words “Motor Vehicles (International Circulation) Regulations 1971” there shall be substituted the words “Motor Vehicles (International Circulation) Regulations 1985(6)”.

Equivalent standards

4.  After regulation 3, there shall be inserted the following—

Equivalent standards

3A.(1) Nothing in these Regulations shall render unlawful any act or omission which would have been lawful were—

(a)there to be substituted for any reference to a British Standard in these Regulations a reference to a corresponding standard, and

(b)regulation 3(6) to apply in relation to that corresponding standard and the markings relating to that corresponding standard as it applies to a British Standard.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation, “corresponding standard”, in relation to a relevant British Standard Specification, means—

(a)a standard or code of practice of a national standards body or equivalent body of any State within the European Economic Area;

(b)any international standard recognised for use as a standard by any State within the European Economic Area;

(c)a technical specification or code of practice which, whether mandatory or not, is recognised for use as a standard by a public authority of any State within the European Economic Area,

where the standard, code of practice, international standard or technical specification provides, in relation to lamps, retro reflectors and rear markings, a level of safety equivalent to that provided by that British Standard Specification and contains a requirement as respects the marking of such parts equivalent to that provided by that instrument..

Colour of light shown by lamps and reflectors (including reflectors on rear markings and signs on buses carrying children)

5.—(1) Regulation 11 shall be amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (1) and (2), after the word “lamp” where it first appears in each case there shall be added the words “or retro reflective material”.

(3) In paragraph (2)(t), for the words “rear marking of a type” to “fitted to” there shall be substituted the words “prescribed rear marking fitted in the appropriate manner to”;

(4) The word “or” immediately following sub-paragraph (t) of sub-paragraph (2) shall be omitted and after sub-paragraph (u) of that sub-paragraph there shall be added the following—

(v)reflected light from yellow retro reflective material incorporated in a prescribed sign and fitted to the rear of a bus; or

(w)reflected light from yellow retro reflective material incorporated in a sign fitted to the rear of a bus in accordance with paragraph (4).

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(t), a rear marking fitted to a vehicle is a prescribed rear marking fitted in the appropriate manner if the rear marking—

(a)is a rear marking of a description specified in the entry applicable to that vehicle in the right hand column of paragraph 1 of Part I of Schedule 19, and

(b)complies with paragraphs 2 to 7 of that Part of that Schedule.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(w), a sign (“the secondary sign”) is fitted to the rear of a bus in accordance with this paragraph if—

(a)a prescribed sign is also fitted to the rear of a bus;

(b)the total area of the retro reflective material incorporated in the secondary sign is no greater than the area of the prescribed sign; and

(c)the secondary sign satisfies the requirements specified—

(i)in the case of a bus which is owned or hired by a local education authority or any person managing an education establishment attended by children under the age of 16 years, in paragraph (5) or (6); or

(ii)in any other case, in paragraph (6).

(5) The requirements referred to in paragraph (4)(c)(i) are that the secondary sign contains no words or other markings apart from words or markings identifying the local education authority or the educational establishment (as the case may be).

(6) The requirements referred to in paragraph (4)(c)(ii) are that the secondary sign contains no words or other markings apart from words or other markings which—

(a)indicate that children are on board the bus when it is in motion or likely to be on board the bus or in its vicinity when it is stationary, and

(b)are calculated to reduce the risk of road accidents involving such children.

6.  After regulation 17, there shall be inserted—

Signs on buses carrying children

17A.(1) Subject to paragraph (2), no person shall use or cause or permit to be used on a road a bus when it is carrying a child to or from his school unless—

(a)a prescribed sign is fitted to the front of the bus and is plainly visible to road users ahead of the bus, and

(b)a prescribed sign is fitted to the rear of the bus and is plainly visible to road users behind the bus.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply where a bus is on a bus service of a description specified in paragraph 2 of the Schedule to the Fuel Duty Grant (Eligible Bus Services) Regulations 1985(7).

(3) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)a reference to a bus carrying a child to or from his school is a reference to a bus carrying a child—

(i)to, or to a place within the vicinity of, his school on a day during term time before he has attended the school on that day; or

(ii)from, or from a place within the vicinity of, his school on a day during term time after he has finished attending the school on that day;

(b)“school” has the meaning given by section 114 of the Education Act 1944(8); and

(c)a reference to a child is a reference to a child under the age of 16 years.

7.  The Schedule set out in Schedule 1 to these Regulations shall be inserted after Schedule 21.

Filament lamps on pedal cycles

8.  Paragraph (2) of regulation 14 shall be omitted.

Hazard warning lights

9.—(1) The Table in regulation 27 shall be amended as follows.

(2) In column (3) of item 5, after sub-paragraph (iii) there shall be added the following words—

or

(iv)in the case of a bus to which prescribed signs are fitted as described in sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of regulation 17A(1), when the vehicle is stationary and children under the age of 16 years are entering or leaving, or are about to enter or leave, or have just left the vehicle.

Schedule 1 (obligatory lamps, reflectors, rear markings and devices)

10.—(1) Schedule 1 shall be amended as follows.

(2) In—

(a)the entry in Table I relating to a dim-dip device or running lamp; and

(b)the entries in Tables I and VI relating to a side marker lamp,

for the words “Community Directive 76/756/EEC, as amended,” there shall be substituted the words “Community Directive 76/756/EEC as last amended by Directive 89/278/EEC or Community Directive 76/756/EEC as last amended by Directive 91/663/ EEC”.

(3) In the entry relating to a side marker lamp in Table I, for the words “A vehicle in respect of which the following conditions are satisfied” there shall be substituted the words “A vehicle first used before 1st April 1996 in respect of which the following conditions are satisfied”.

(4) In the entry relating to a side marker lamp in Table VI, for the words “A trailer in respect of which the following conditions are satisfied” there shall be substituted the words “A trailer manufactured before 1st October 1995 in respect of which the following conditions are satisfied”.

Front position lamps

11.—(1) In paragraph 5 of Part I of Schedule 2—

(a)after the word “Markings”, there shall be added the words “(see also regulation 3(6))”.

(b)in sub-paragraph (c), the entry in the left hand column after the words “1st October 1990” there shall be added the words “and before the 1st October 1995”; and

(c)after sub-paragraph (c) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(ca)Any other vehicle manufactured on or after the 1st October 1995:

An approval mark or the British Standard mark which is specified in sub-paragraph (b) of the definition of “British Standard mark” below.

(2) In paragraph 13 of Part I of Schedule 2—

(a)in the definition of “approval mark”, the words “motor” and “or any trailer” in sub-paragraph (b) shall be omitted; and

(b)for the definition of “British Standard mark”, there shall be substituted—

“British Standard mark” means—

(a)

the mark indicated in the specification for photometric and physical requirements for lighting equipment published by the British Standards Institution under the reference BS 6102: Part 3: 1986 namely “6102/3”; or

(b)

the mark indicated in the specification for photometric and physical requirements for lighting equipment published by the British Standards Institution under the reference BS 6102: Part 3: 1986 as amended by AMD 5821 published on the 29th April 1988, namely “6102/3”..

Dim-dip devices and running lamps

12.  In Part I of Schedule 3, for paragraph 3 there shall be substituted—

3.  — The electrical connections to the obligatory dim-dip device shall be such that the light output specified in paragraph 1 above is automatically emitted whenever the following four conditions are satisfied, namely—

(a)the engine is running, or the key or devices which control the starting or stopping of the engine are in the normal position for when the vehicle is being driven;

(b)the obligatory main beam and dipped beam headlamps are switched off;

(c)any front fog lamp fitted to the vehicle is switched off; and

(d)the obligatory front position lamps are switched on.

4.  The electrical connections to the obligatory running lamps shall be such that the light output specified in paragraph 2 above is automatically emitted, whenever the conditions set out in sub-paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph 3 are satisfied..

Indicators

13.  In Part I of Schedule 7, in paragraph 2(b)(iii)(A) for “1st April 1991” there shall be substituted “1st April 1995”.

Rear position lamps

14.—(1) In paragraph 5 of Part I of Schedule 10—

(a)after the word “Markings” there shall be added the words “(see also regulation 3(6))”

(b)in sub-paragraph (a), for “paragraph (b), (c) or (d)” there shall be substituted “paragraph (b), (c), (d) or (e)”;

(c)in sub-paragraph (d), in the entry in the left hand column, after the words “by hand” there shall be added the words “in each case manufactured before 1st October 1995”; and

(d)after sub-paragraph (d) as so amended there shall be added the following sub-paragraph—

(e)A pedal cycle, a trailer drawn by a pedal cycle, an invalid carriage having a maximum speed not exceeding 4 mph, a horse-drawn vehicle and a vehicle drawn or propelled by hand in each case manufactured on or after 1st October 1995.

An approval mark or the British Standard mark which is specified in sub-paragraph (c) of the definition of “British Standard mark”.

(2) In paragraph 13 of Part I of Schedule 10, in the definition of “British Standard mark” after paragraph (b) there shall be added—

or

(c)the mark indicated in the specification for photometric and physical requirements for lighting equipment published by the British Standards Institution under the reference BS 6102: Part 3: 1986 as amended by AMD 5821 published on the 29th April 1988, namely “6102/3”.

Rear markings — further provisions

15.  For Schedule 19 there shall be substituted the Schedule set out in Schedule 2 to these Regulations.

Lamps and reflectors fitted on movable parts of a vehicle

16.—(1) In paragraph 12 of Part I of Schedule 7, sub-paragraph (c) shall be omitted.

(2) In paragraph 12 of Part I of Schedule 10, sub-paragraph (b) shall be omitted.

(3) In paragraph 8 of Part I of Schedule 18, sub-paragraph (c) shall be omitted.

Other amendments

17.—(1) In regulation 21(1)(b), for the word “of” there shall be substituted the word “or”.

(2) In item 4 of the Table in regulation 21(1), for the words “lamps do not apply to any such additional lamp” at the end of the entry in column 3, there shall be substituted the words “lamps and rear retro reflectors do not apply to any such additional lamp and reflecting device”.

(3) In regulation 23(2)(a)(ix), the words “Section B of” shall be omitted.

(4) In paragraph 2(c)(i)(D) of Part I of Schedule 2, for the words “large passenger-carrying vehicle” there shall be substituted the word “bus”.

(5) In paragraph 1(d) of Part I of Schedule 7, for the words “1st January 1936” in each place where they appear there shall be substituted the words “1st April 1936”.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Transport

Steven Norris

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State,

Department of Transport

1st September 1994

(Regulation 7)

SCHEDULE 1

(Regulation 3(2))

SCHEDULE 21A

(Regulation 15)

SCHEDULE 2

(Regulations 18 & 20)

SCHEDULE 19

PART IREQUIREMENTS RELATING TO OBLIGATORY REAR MARKINGS AND OPTIONAL REAR MARKINGS TO THE EXTENT SPECIFIED IN PART II

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  Description—

(a)A motor vehicle first used on or after 1 April 1996, the overall length of which—

(i)does not exceed 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2, 3 or 4 in Part IV of this Schedule

(ii)exceeds 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 5, 6, 7 or 8 in Part IV of this Schedule

(b)A motor vehicle first used before 1 April 1996, the overall length of which—

(i)does not exceed 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2 or 3 in Part III of this Schedule or a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2, 3 or 4 in Part IV of this Schedule

(ii)exceeds 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 4 or 5 in Part III of this Schedule or a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 5, 6, 7 or 8 in Part IV of this Schedule

(c)A trailer manufactured on or after 1 October 1995 if it forms part of a combination of vehicles the overall length of which—

(i)does not exceed 11m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2, 3 or 4 in Part IV of this Schedule

(ii)exceeds 11m but does not exceed 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in Part IV of this Schedule

(iii)exceeds 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 5, 6, 7 or 8 in Part IV of this Schedule

(d)A trailer manufactured before 1October 1995 if it forms part of a combination of vehicles the overall length of which—

(i)does not exceed 11m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2 or 3 in Part III of this Schedule or a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1, 2, 3 or 4 in Part IV of this Schedule

(ii)exceeds 11m but does not exceed 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in Part III or Part IV of this Schedule

(iii)exceeds 13m:

A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 4 or 5 in Part III of this Schedule or a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 5, 6, 7 or 8 in Part IV of this Schedule

2.  Position—

(a)Longitudinal:

At or near the rear of the vehicle

(b)Lateral—

(i)A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 2, 3 or 5 in Part III of this Schedule and a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 or 8 in Part IV of this Schedule:

Each part shall be fitted as near as practicable to the outermost edge of the vehicle on the side thereof on which it is fitted so that no part of the marking projects beyond the outermost part of the vehicle on either side

(ii)A rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1 or 4 in Part III of this Schedule and a rear marking of a type shown in diagram 1 or 5 in Part IV of this Schedule:

The marking shall be fitted so that the vertical centre-line of the marking lies on the vertical plane through the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and no part of the marking projects beyond the outermost part of the vehicle on either side

(c)Vertical:

The lower edge of every rear marking shall be at a height of not more than 1700mm nor less than 400mm above the ground whether the vehicle is laden or unladen

3.  Visibility:

Plainly visible to the rear

4.  Alignment:

The lower edge of every rear marking shall be fitted horizontally. Every part of a rear marking shall lie within 20° of a transverse vertical plane at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and shall face to the rear

5.  Markings—

(a)A motor vehicle or trailer not covered by sub-paragraph (b):

In respect of any rear marking of a type shown in Part III of this Schedule a British Standard mark or in respect of any rear marking of a type shown in Part IV of this Schedule an approval mark

(b)A motor vehicle first used on or after 1April 1996 and a trailer manufactured on or after 1 October 1995:

An approval mark

6.  Colour:

Red fluorescent material in the stippled areas shown in any of the diagrams in Part III or IV of this Schedule and yellow retro reflective material in any of the areas so shown, being areas not stippled and not constituting a letter. All letters shall be coloured black

7.  Other requirements—

8.  Definitions—

In this Schedule—

(a)“approval mark” means a marking designated as an approval mark by regulation 3 of the Designation of Approval Marks Regulations(9) and shown at item 70 of Schedule 2 to those Regulations; and

(b)“British Standard mark” means the specification for rear markings for vehicles published by the British Standards Institution under the reference BS AU 152: 1970, namely “BS AU 152”.

PART IIREQUIREMENTS RELATING TO OPTIONAL REAR MARKINGS

Subject to regulation 11(2), any number of rear markings shown in Parts III and IV may be fitted to the rear of a vehicle.

PART IIIREAR MARKINGS PRESCRIBED FOR MOTOR VEHICLES FIRST USED BEFORE 1 APRIL 1996 AND TRAILERS MANUFACTURED BEFORE 1 OCTOBER 1995

ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE ABOVE DIAGRAMS

1.  A rear marking of a type shown in one of the above diagrams shall have the dimensions shown in relation to that diagram.

2.  Any variation in a dimension (other than as to the height of a letter) specified in any of the above diagrams shall be treated as permitted for the purposes of this Schedule if the variation—

(a)in the case of a dimension so specified as 250mm or as over 250mm does not exceed 2.5 per cent of that dimension;

(b)in the case of a dimension so specified as 40mm or as over 40mm but as under 250mm does not exceed 5 per cent of that dimension; or

(c)in the case of a dimension so specified as under 40mm does not exceed 10 per cent of that dimension.

3.  Any variation in a dimension as to the height of a letter specified in any of those diagrams shall be treated as permitted for the purposes of this Schedule if the variation—

(a)in the case of a dimension so specified as 105mm does not exceed 2.5 per cent of that dimension; or

(b)in the case of a dimension so specified as 70mm does not exceed 5 per cent of that dimension.

4.  Any variation in a dimension as to the angle of hatching specified in any of those diagrams shall be treated as permitted for the purposes of this Schedule if the variation does not exceed 5 degrees.

5.  A rear marking of a type shown in diagrams 1 or 4 above shall be constructed in the form of a single plate, and every rear marking shown in diagrams 2, 3 or 5 above shall be constructed in the form of two plates of equal size and shape.

6.  The height of each half of the marking shown in diagram 3 above may be reduced to a minimum of 140mm provided the width is increased so that each half of the marking has a minimum area of 980cm2.

7.  All letters incorporated in a rear marking of a type shown in diagrams 4 or 5 above shall have the proportions and form of letters as shown in Part II of Schedule 13 of the Traffic Signs Regulations 1994(10).

PART IVREAR MARKINGS PRESCRIBED FOR MOTOR VEHICLES WHENEVER FIRST USED AND TRAILERS WHENEVER MANUFACTURED

Explanatory Note

(This note does not form part of the Regulations)

1.  These Regulations amend the Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989. The changes of substance are as follows.

Equivalent standards

2.  The 1989 Regulations contain a number of provisions requiring lamps and reflectors to comply with specified British Standards. The amendments enable lamps and reflectors to be fitted if they comply with certain equivalent standards (regulation 4).

Signs fitted to the front and rear of buses indicating the presence of children

3.  The amendments make provision for a special sign made of yellow reflective material which indicates the presence of children. When buses are being used to carry children to or from school, they will be required to have these signs fitted at the front and rear (regulations 5 and 6).

4.  Regulation 11 of the 1989 Regulations as corrected by regulation 5 of these Regulations prevents, with specified exceptions, a vehicle being fitted with lamps or reflective material capable of showing any light to the rear other than a red light. The amendments make it possible for these signs to be fitted to the rear of a bus without regulation 11 being contravened.

5.  The use of hazard warning lights is controlled by regulation 27 of the 1989 Regulations. This regulation is amended so that a bus which is fitted with these signs in the prescribed manner can use hazard warning lights when it is stationary and children are entering or leaving the vehicle (regulation 9).

Dim-dip devices and running lamps and side marker lamps

6.  Previously a vehicle was exempt from the requirements relating to dim-dip devices, running lamps and side marker lamps if it met the requirements of Council Directive 76/756/EEC as last amended by Commission Directive 89/278/EEC. The amendments extend the exemption to vehicles that meet the requirements of Council Directive 76/756/EEC as last amended by Commission Directive 91/663/EEC (regulation 10). However, in the case of side marker lamps, the exemption will not apply at all to motor vehicles that are first used on or after 1st April 1996 or to trailers manufactured on or after 1st October 1995.

7.  Amendments are made to provisions concerning electrical connections to obligatory dim-dip devices and running lamps (regulation 12).

Front and rear position lamps

8.  The requirements regarding front position lamps on pedal cycles and certain other vehicles are amended so that they will no longer have the option of complying with British Standard 6102: Part 3: 1986 but will instead have the option of complying with that British Standard as amended on 29th April 1988. The amendment has effect only in relation to vehicles manufactured or first used on or after 1st October 1995 (regulation 11).

9.  A similar amendment is made in relation to rear position lamps and in this case it will additionally mean that lamps on vehicles manufactured or first used on or after 1st October 1995 will no longer have the option of complying with British Standard 3648 (regulation 14).

Indicators

10.  The 1989 Regulations imposed a minimum separation distance between the front indicator and any dipped beam headlamp or front fog lamp fitted to a motor vehicle, other than a solo motor bicycle, or motor bicycle combination, first used on or after 1st April 1991. This provision is amended so that it only applies to vehicles first used on or after 1st April 1995 (regulation 13).

Rear markings

11.  A new Schedule 19 is substituted (regulation 15). The change of substance is that motor vehicles first used on or after 1st April 1996 and trailers manufactured on or after 1st October 1995 of a type which are required to be fitted with rear markings, will have to have rear markings which comply with ECE Regulation 70. Motor vehicles first used and trailers manufactured before those dates will have the option of complying with that Regulation instead of existing requirements.

Lamps on moveable parts

12.  Amendments are made relating to lamps and reflectors fitted on moveable parts of vehicles (regulation 16).

Copies of the British Standards specifications referred to in these Regulations may be obtained from any of the outlets operated by the British Standards Institution, or by post from the British Standards Institution at Linford Wood, Milton Keynes, MK14 6LE (Tel No: Milton Keynes (STD 0908) 221166).

Copies of ECE Regulation 70 referred to in this note can be obtained from Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. The above reference to ECE Regulation 70 is a reference to Regulation 70 annexed to the Agreement concerning the adoption of uniform conditions of approval for motor vehicle equipment and parts and reciprocal recognition thereof concluded at Geneva on 2nd March 1958 (Cmnd 2535) as amended (Cmnd 3562) to which the United Kingdom is a party by an instrument of accession dated 14th January 1963 deposited with the Secretary General of the United Nations on 15th January 1963.

Copies of the relevant EC Directives can be obtained from Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. The relevant Directives are as follows:

Principal instrumentAmending instruments
Council Directive 76/756/EEC (OJ No. L262, 27.9.76, p.1)

Commission Directive 80/233/EEC (OJ No. L51, 25.2.80, p.8),

Commission Directive 82/244/EEC (OJ No. L109, 22.4.82, p.31),

Council Directive 83/276/EEC (OJ No. L151, 9.6.83, p.47),

Commission Directive 84/8/EEC (OJ No. L9, 12.1.84, p.24),

Commission Directive 89/278/EEC (OJ No. L109, 20.4.89, p.38), and

Commission Directive 91/663/EEC (OJ No. L366, 31.12.91, p.17)

(1)

1988 c. 52; section 41 was amended by paragraph 50 of Schedule 4 to the Road Traffic Act 1991 (c. 40) and by Schedule 8 to that Act.

(2)

S.I. 1988/735 as amended by S.I. 1992/1217.

(3)

1972.68. The definition of “the Treaties” in section 1 of the Act was amended by section 1 of both the European Communities (Amendment) Act 1993 (c. 32) and the European Economic Area Act 1993 (c. 51).

(5)

S.I. 1989/1796 as amended by S.I. 1992/1217.

(9)

The Designation of Approval Marks Regulations is defined in Regulation 3(2) of the Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 as meaning the Motor Vehicles (Designation of Approval Marks) Regulations 1979 (S.I. 1979/ 1088). The relevant amendment to those regulations is S.I. 1990/1838.

(10)

Part I of S.I. 1994/1519.