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This is the original version (as it was originally made). UK Statutory Instruments are not carried in their revised form on this site.
Regulations 4 and 6
|Requirement||Limits on application|
|PART A STRUCTURE|
(1) The building shall be constructed so that the combined dead, imposed and wind loads are sustained and transmitted by it to the ground—
(b)without causing such deflection or deformation of any part of the building, or such movement of the ground, as will impair the stability of any part of another building.
(2) In assessing whether a building complies with sub-paragraph (1) regard shall be had to the imposed and wind loads to which it is likely to be subjected in the ordinary course of its use for the purpose for which it is intended.
A2. The building shall be constructed so that ground movement caused by—
(a)swelling, shrinkage or freezing of the subsoil; or
(b)land-slip or subsidence (other than subsidence arising from shrinkage), in so far as the risk can be reasonably foreseen,
will not impair the stability of any part of the building.
A3. The building shall be constructed so that in the event of an accident the building will not suffer collapse to an extent disproportionate to the cause.
|Requirement A3 applies only to a building having five or more storeys (each basement level being counted as one storey) excluding a storey within the roof space where the slope of the roof does not exceed 70X to the horizontal.|
A4. The building shall be constructed so that in the event of failure of any part of the roof, including its supports, the building will not suffer collapse to an extent disproportionate to that failure.
|Requirement A4 applies only to those parts of a public building, shop or a shopping mall which have a roof wit a clear span exceeding nine metres between supports.|
|PART B FIRE SAFETY|
Means of escape
B1. The building shall be designed and constructed so that there are means of escape in case of fire from the building to a place of safety outside the building capable of being safely and effectively used at all material times.
|Requirement B1 does not apply to any prison provided under section 33 of the Prisons Act 1952(1) (power to provide prisons etc.).|
Internal fire spread (linings)
(1) To inhibit the spread of fire within the building the internal linings shall—
(a)resist the spread of flame over their surfaces; and
(b)have, if ignited, a rate of heat release which is reasonable in the circumstances.
(2) In this paragraph “internal linings” means the materials lining any partition, wall, ceiling or other internal structure.
Internal fire spread (structure)
(1) The building shall be designed and constructed so that, in the event of fire, its stability will be maintained for a reasonable period.
(2) A wall common to two or more buildings shall be designed and constructed so that it resists the spread of fire between those buildings. For the purposes of this sub-paragraph a house in a terrace and a semi-detached house are each to be treated as a separate building.
(3) To inhibit the spread of fire within the building, it shall be sub-divided with fire-resisting construction to an extent appropriate to the size and intended use of the building.
|Requirement B3(3) does not apply to material alterations to any prison provided under section 33 of the Prisons Act 1952.|
(4) The building shall be designed and constructed so that the unseen spread of fire and smoke within concealed spaces in its structure and fabric is inhibited.
External fire spread
(1) The external walls of the building shall resist the spread of fire over the walls and from one building to another, having regard to the height, use and position of the building.
(2) The roof of the building shall resist the spread of fire over the roof and from one building to another, having regard to the use and position of the building.
Access and facilities for the fire service
(1) The building shall be designed and constructed so as to provide facilities to assist fire fighters in the protection of life.
(2) Provision shall he made within the site of the building to enable fire appliances to gain access to the building.
|PART C SITE PREPARATION AND RESISTANCE TO MOISTURE|
Preparation of site
C1. The ground to be covered by the building shall be reasonably free from vegetable matter.
Dangerous and offensive substances
C2. Precautions shall be taken to avoid danger to health and safety caused by substances found on or in the ground to be covered by the building.
C3. Subsoil drainage shall be provided if it is needed to avoid—
(a)the passage of ground moisture to the interior of the building;
(b)damage to the fabric of the building.
Resistance to weather and ground moisture
C4. The walls, floors and roof of the building shall resist the passage of moisture to the inside of the building.
|PART D TOXIC SUBSTANCES|
D1. If insulating material is inserted into a cavity in a cavity wall reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the subsequent permeation of any toxic fumes from that material into any part of the building occupied by people.
|PART E RESISTANCE TO THE PASSAGE OF SOUND|
Airborne sound (walls)
E1. A wall which—
(a)separates a dwelling from another building or from another dwelling, or
(b)separates a habitable room or kitchen within a dwelling from another part of the same building which is not used exclusively as part of the dwelling, shall resist the transmission of airborne sound.
Airborne sound (floors and stairs)
E2. A floor or a stair which separates a dwelling from another dwelling, or from another part of the same building which is not used exclusively as part of the dwelling, shall resist the transmission of airborne sound.
Impact sound (floors and stairs)
E3. A floor or a stair above a dwelling which separates it from another dwelling, or from another part of the same building which is not used exclusively as part of the dwelling, shall resist the transmission of impact sound.
|PART F VENTILATION|
Means of ventilation
F1. There shall be adequate means of ventilation provided for people in the building.
Requirement F1 applies only to—
the spaces within any building containing two or more dwellings which are used solely or principally in connection with those dwellings;
rooms containing sanitary conveniences;
Condensation in roofs
F2. Adequate provision shall be made to prevent excessive condensation—
(a)in a roof; or
(b)in a roof void above an insulated ceiling.
|PART G HYGIENE|
Sanitary conveniences and washing facilities
(1) Adequate sanitary conveniences shall be provided in rooms provided for that purpose, or in bathrooms. Any such room or bathroom shall be separated from places where food is prepared
(2) Adequate washbasins shall be provided in—
(a)rooms containing water closets; or
(b)rooms or spaces adjacent to rooms containing water closets.
(3) There shall be a suitable installation for the provision of hot and cold water to washbasins provided in accordance with paragraph (2).
(4) Sanitary conveniences and washbasins to which this paragraph applies shall be designed and installed so as to allow effective cleaning.
G2. A bathroom shall be provided containing either a fixed bath or shower bath, and there shall be a suitable installation for the provision of hot and cold water to the bath or shower bath.
|Requirement G2 applies only to dwellings.|
Hot water storage
G3. A hot water storage system that has a hot water storage vessel which does not incorporate a vent pipe to the atmosphere shall be installed by a person competent to do so, and there shall be precautions—
(a)to prevent the temperature of stored water at any time exceeding 100 C; and
(b)to ensure that the hot water discharged from safety devices is safely conveyed to where it is visible but will not cause danger to persons in or about the building.
Requirement G3 does not apply to—
a hot water storage system that has a storage vessel with a capacity of 15 litres or less;
a system providing space heating only;
a system which heats or stores water for the purposes only of an industrial process.
|PART H DRAINAGE AND WASTE DISPOSAL|
Foul water drainage
(1) Any system which carries foul water from appliances within the building to a sewer, a cesspool or a septic or settlement tank, shall be adequate.
(2) Foul water in sub-paragraph (1) means waste water which comprises or includes—
(a)waste from a sanitary convenience or other soil appliance;
(b)water which has been used for cooking or washing.
Cesspools, septic tanks and settlement tanks
H2. Any cesspool, septic tank or settlement tank shall be—
(a)of adequate capacity and so constructed that it is impermeable to liquids;
(b)adequately ventilated; and
(c)so sited and constructed that—
(i)it is not prejudicial to the health of any person,
(ii)it will not contaminate any underground water or water supply, and
(iii)there are adequate means of access for emptying.
H3. Any system which carries rainwater from the roof of the building to a sewer, soakaway, watercourse, or some other suitable rainwater outfall shall be adequate.
Solid waste storage
(1) Adequate means of storing solid waste shall be provided.
(2) Adequate means of access shall be provided—
(a)for people in the building to the place of storage; and
(b)from the place of storage to a street.
|PART J HEAT PRODUCING APPLIANCES|
J1. Heat producing appliances shall be so installed that there is an adequate supply of air to them for combustion and for the efficient working of any flue-pipe or chimney.
The requirement in this Part apply only to fixed heat producing appliances which—
are designed to burn solid fuel, oil or gas; or
Discharge of products of combustion
J2. Heat producing appliances shall have adequate provision for the discharge of the products of combustion to the outside air.
Protection of building
J3. Heat producing appliances and flue-pipes shall be so installed, and fire-places and chimneys shall be so constructed, as to reduce to a reasonable level the risk of the building catching fire in consequence of their use.
|PART K STAIRS, RAMPS AND GUARDS|
Stairs and ramps
K1. Stairs, ladders and ramps shall offer safety to users moving between levels of the building.
1. The requirements of this Part apply only to stairs, ladders and ramps which form part of the building.
2. Requirement K1 does not apply to stairs, ladders and ramps which provide access to levels used only for the purpose of maintenance.
Protection from falling
K2. Stairs, ramps, floors and balconies, and any roof to which people normally have access, shall be guarded with barriers where they are necessary to protect users from the risk of falling.
K3. Vehicle ramps, and any floor and roof to which vehicles have access, shall be guarded with barriers where they are necessary to provide protection for people in or about the building.
|PART L CONSERVATION OF FUEL AND POWER|
L1. Reasonable provision shall be made for the conservation of fuel and power in buildings.
This requirement applies only to—
other buildings whose floor area exceeds 30m2.
|PART M ACCESS AND FACILITIES FOR DISABLED PEOPLE|
M1. In this Part “disabled people” means people who have—
(a)an impairment which limits their ability to walk or which requires them to use a wheelchair for mobility, or
(b)impaired hearing or sight.
The requirements of this Part do not apply to—
an extension which does not include a ground storey;
a material alteration;
a dwelling or the common parts of a building which are intended for the exclusive use of two or more dwellings;
any part of a building which is used solely to enable the building or any service or fitting in the building to be inspected, maintained or repaired.
Access and use
M2. Reasonable provision shall be made for disabled people to gain access to and to use the building.
M3. If sanitary conveniences are provided in the building reasonable provision shall be made for disabled people.
Audience or spectator seating
M4. If the building contains audience or spectator seating, reasonable provision shall be made to accommodate disabled people.
|PART N GLAZING—MATERIALS AND PROTECTION|
N1. Glazing, with which people are likely to come into contact while in passage in or about the building, shall—
(a)if broken on impact, break in a way which is unlikely to cause injury; or
(b)resist impact without breaking; or
(c)be shielded or protected from impact.
N2. Transparent glazing, with which people are likely to collide while in passage in or about the building, shall incorporate features which make it apparent.
|Requirement N2 does not apply to dwellings.|
1. Any building the construction of which is subject to the Explosives Acts 1875 and 1923(2).
2. Any building (other than a building containing a dwelling or a building used for office or canteen accommodation) erected on a site in respect of which a licence under the Nuclear Installations Act 1965(3) is for the time being in force.
3. A building included in the schedule of monuments maintained under section 1 of the Ancient Monuments and Archeological Areas Act 1979(4).
A detached building–
(a)into which people do not normally go; or
(b)into which people go only intermittently and then only for the purpose of inspecting or maintaining fixed plant or machinery,
unless any point of such a building is less than one and a half times its height from
(i)any point of a building into which people can or do normally go; or
(ii)the nearest point of the boundary of the curtilage of that building,
whichever is the nearer.
1. Subject to paragraph 3, a greenhouse.
2. A building used, subject to paragraph 3, for agriculture, or a building principally for the keeping of animals, provided in each case that–
(a)no part of the building is used as a dwelling;
(b)no point of the building is less than one and a half times its height from any point of a building which contains sleeping accommodation; and
(c)the building is provided with a fire exit which is not more than 30 metres from any point in the building.
3. The descriptions of buildings in paragraphs 1 and 2 do not include a greenhouse or a building used for agriculture if the principal purpose for which they are used is retailing, packing or exhibiting.
4. In paragraph 2, “agriculture” includes horticulture, fruit growing, the growing of plants for seed and fish farming.
A building which is not intended to remain where it is erected for more than 28 days.
1. A building on a site, being a building which is intended to be used only in connection with the disposal of buildings or building plots on that site.
2. A building on the site of construction or civil engineering works, which is intended to be used only during the course of those works and contains no sleeping accommodation.
3. A building, other than a building containing a dwelling or used as an office or showroom, erected for use on the site of and in connection with a mine or quarry.
1. A detached single storey building, having a floor area which does not exceed 30m2, which contains no sleeping accommodation and is a building–
(a)no point of which is less than one metre from the boundary of its curtilage; or
(b)which is constructed substantially of non-combustible material.
2. A detached building designed and intended to shelter people from the effects of nuclear, chemical or conventional weapons, and not used for any other purpose, if–
(a)its floor area does not exceed 30 m2; and
(b)the excavation for the building is no closer to any exposed part of another bui1ding or structure than a distance equal to the depth of the excavation plus one metre.
3. A detached building, having a floor area which does not exceed l5m2, which contains no sleeping accommodation.
The extension of a building by the addition at ground level of–
(a)a conservatory, porch, covered yard or covered way; or
(b)a carport open on at least two sides;
where the floor area of that extension does not exceed 30 m2, provided that in the case of a conservatory or porch which is wholly or partly glazed, the glazing satisfies the requirements of Part N of Schedule 1.
|Title||Reference||Extent of revocation|
|The Building Regulations 1985||S.I. 1985/1065||The whole of the regulations.|
|The Building (Prescribed Fees etc.) Regulations 1985||S.I. 1985/1576||Regulation 19.|
|The Building (Inner London) Regulations 1985||S.I. 1985/1936||In regulation 2(1) the words “the Building Regulations 1985” and paragraph 1 of Schedule 2.|
|The Building (Inner London) Regulations 1987||S.I. 1987/798||In regulation 2(1) the words “the Building Regulations 1985” and paragraph 1 of Schedule 2.|
|The Building (Disabled People) Regulations 1987||S.I. 1987/1445||Regulation 2 and the Schedule.|
|The Building Regulations (Amendment) Regulations 1989||S.I. 1989/1119||Regulation 2 and the Schedule.|