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The Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Food) Regulations 1988

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Statutory Instruments

1988 No. 1378

PESTICIDES

The Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Food) Regulations 1988

Made

1st August 1988

Coming into force

except for regulation 3(b) and

2nd August 1988

Schedule 2 Remainder

31st December 1988

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State, acting jointly, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by Sections 16(2)(k) and (1), (15) and 24(3) of the Food and Environment Protection Act l985(1) and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf, after consultation with the Advisory Committee on Pesticides established under Section 16(7) of that Act(2), hereby make the following Regulations a draft whereof has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament:—

Title and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Pesticides (Maximum Residue Levels in Food) Regulations 1988 and shall come into force on the day after the day on which they are made, except for regulation 3(b) and Schedule 2, which shall come into force on 31st December 1988.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

  • “food” includes cereals intended for human consumption listed in Schedules 1 and 2;

  • “maximum residue level” in the case of any food, in relation to any pesticide used in connection therewith, means the figure obtained at the point in Schedule 1 or 2 where a line drawn vertically from the reference to that pesticide intersects with a line drawn horizontally from the reference to that food;

  • “pesticide” means a pesticide specified in Schedule 1, 2 or 3;

  • “residue” in relation to any pesticide means one or more of the substances specified in an entry in column 2 of Schedule 3 alongside the entry of that pesticide in column 1 of that Schedule.

(2) Any reference in a Schedule to a food, figure or pesticide includes any qualifying words relating to that food, figure or pesticide in that Schedule.

(3) Any reference in these Regulations to a Schedule shall be construed as a reference to a Schedule to these Regulations.

Maximum residue levels

3.  No person may leave or cause to be left—

(a)in any food specified in Schedule 1,

(b)in any food specified in Schedule 2,

a level of residue exceeding any maximum residue level applicable to such food specified in that Schedule.

Seizure or disposal of food

4.  If any food has in it a residue level in excess of any maximum residue level relating to that food, either of the Ministers shall have power—

(a)to seize or dispose of the consignment containing that food or any part of it, or to require that some other person shall dispose of it, or

(b)to direct some other person to take such remedial action as appears to the Minister to be necessary.

Sampling

5.  The level of residue in a food shall be determined as far as practicable in accordance with the procedures laid down in Parts 5 and 6 of the Guide to Codex Recommendations Concerning Pesticide Residues(3).

In witness whereof the Official Seal of the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food is hereunto affixed on 28th July 1988.

L.S.

John MacGregor

Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food

Sanderson of Bowden

Minister of State, Scottish Office

28th July 1988

Peter Walker

Secretary of State for Wales

1st August 1988

Edwina Currie

Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State,

Department of Health

1st August 1988

Regulation 3(a)

SCHEDULE 1

Group to which food belongsFoodPesticides
Aldrin & DeldrinCaptafolCarbarylCarbon DisulphideCarbon TetrachlorideChlordaneDDTDiazinon1,2-DibromoethaneDichlorvosEndosulfanEndrinHexachlorobenzene (HCB)Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH)HeptachlorHydrogen CyanideHydrogen PhosphideInorganic BromideMalathionMethyl BromidePhosphamidonPyrethrinsTrichlorfon
αβγ
a

UNITS

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) are expressed in milligrammes of residue per kilogramme of food.

KEY

* Level at or above the limit of determination.

FOOTNOTES

1

Paddy rice.

2

“Other cereals” do not include rice.

3

Levels are measured on fat, except in the case of foods with a fat content of 10% or less by weight. In these cases the residue is related to the total weight of the boned foodstuff, and the MRL is one tenth of the value given in the table, but must be no less than 0.01 mg/kg.

4

These levels are for fresh raw cow’s milk and fresh whole cream cow’s milk expressed on the whole milk.

5

For preserved, concentrated or sweetened cow’s milk, for raw milk and whole cream milk of another animal origin; and for butter, cheese or curd whether made from cow’s milk or other milk or a combination, the following levels apply:

  • if the fat content is less than2% by weight, the MRL is taken as half that set for raw milk and whole cream milk;

  • if the fat content is 2% or more by weight the MRL is expressed in mg/kg of fat and is set at 2.5 times that set for raw milk and whole cream milk.

6

Sheepmeat only.

7

All meat except sheepmeat.

CerealsWheat0.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Rye0.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Barley0.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Oats0.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Maize0.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Rice10.010.05a10.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Other Cereals20.010.05a0.50.10.10.020.050.050.05a20.10.010.010.02sum of α and β0.10.01150.15080.10.0530.1
Products of Animal OriginMeat, Fat and Preparations of Meat30.20.0510.050.20.20.126, 170.2
Milk40.0060.0020.040.00080.010.0040.0030.0080.004
Dairy Produce5 (>2% Fat)0.150.0510.020.250.10.0750.20.1

Regulation 3(b)

SCHEDULE 2

Group to which food belongsFoodPesticides
Aldrin & Dieldrin2-AminobutaneAminotriazole (Amitrole)Azinphos-methylBitertanolCaptafolCaptanCarbarylCarbendazimCarbophenothionChlordaneChlorfenvinphosChlorptrifos-methylDDTDiazinon1,2-DibromoethaneDichlofluanidDichlorvosDicofolDifiubenzuronDimethipinDimethoateDithiocarbamatesEndosulfanEndrinEthionEtrimfosFenitrothionFluazifopFlurochloridoneHaloxyfopHexachlorobenzene (HCB)Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) γHeptachlorImazalilInorganic BromideIoxynilIprodioneMalathionMercury CompoundsMethacrifosMevinphosOmethoateParathionParathion-methylPhosalonePirimiphos-methylQuintozeneTecnazeneThiabendazoleTriazophos2,4,5-TVinclozolin
a

UNITS

Maximum residue levels (MRLs) are expressed in milligrammes of residue per kilogramme of food.

KEY

Level at or above the limit of determination.

FOOTNOTES

1

Paddy rice.

2

“Other cereals” do not include rice.

3

Levels are measured on fat, except in the case of foods with a fat content of 10% or less by weight. In these cases the residue is related to the total weight of the boned foodstuff, and the MRL is one tenth of the value given in the table, but must be no less than 0.01 mg/kg.

4

These levels are for fresh raw cow’s milk and fresh whole cream cow’s milk expressed on the whole milk.

5

For preserved, concentrated or sweetened cow’s milk, for raw milk and whole cream milk of another animal origin; and for butter, cheese or curd whether made from cow’s milk or other milk or a combination, the following levels apply:

  • if the fat content is less than 2% by weight, the MRL is taken as half that set for raw milk and whole cream milk;

  • if the fat content is 2% or more by weight the MRL is expressed in mg/kg of fat and is set at 25 times that set for raw milk and whole cream milk.

6

Birds' eggs in shell (other than eggs for hatching) and whole egg products and egg yolk products (whether fresh, dried or otherwise prepared).

7

Imazalil: 5mg/kg applies to whole fruit; 0.1 mg/kg applies to fruit without peel.

CerealsWheat0.51010100.021010
Rye0.51010100.021010
Barley0.51010100.021010
Oats0.51010100.021010
Maize1010100.021010
Rice1
Other Cereals21010100.021010
Products of Animal OriginMeat, Fat and Preparations of Meat30.20.050.70.050.05a
Milk40.1a0.0080.010.020.020.05a
Dairy Produce5 (>2% Fat)
Eggs60.10.1a0.020.050.50.05a0.05a0.210.10.05
Citrus FruitOranges0.0550.05a20.05a0.171020.02a110.50.0150.151220.022210.015/0.173020.2110.210.50.05
Other Citrus0.0550.05a20.05a0.171020.02a110.50.0150.151220.022210.015/0.173020.2110.210.50.05
Pome FruitApples0.050.05a110.05a35510.02a0.050.10.50.0150.1511320.020.50.50.05a10.01a20100.50.020.2120.051
Pears0.050.05a110.05a35510.02a0.050.10.50.0150.1511320.020.050.50.05a10.01a20100.50.020.2120.051
Stone FruitPeaches and Nectarines0.050.05a410.052101010.02a0.050.10.50.0150.152320.020.50.510.01a20100.50.5120.055
Plums0.050.05a110.05210210.02a0.050.10.50.0150.1512120.020.50.510.01a20100.50.5110.05
Berries, Small Fruit and Soft FruitGrapes0.050.05a20.05a35100.02a0.050.10.50.01150.151520.020.50.50.50.01a20100.50.1110.055
Strawberries0.050.05a10.05a3750.02a0.050.10.50.01100.151320.020.10.530.01a30100.50.1110.0510
Raspberries0.050.05a10.05a31050.02a0.050.10.50.01150.151520.020.10.530.01a2050.50.1110.055
Blackcurrants0.050.05a10.05a31050.02a0.050.10.50.01150.152520.020.10.530.01a2050.50.1110.055
Assorted fruitBananas0.050.05a10.50.05a0.1510.02a0.0510.50.0150.151120.020.10.510.01a200.50.21110.05
Roots and Tuber VegetablesPotatoes0.05500.05a0.20.05a0.10.230.02a0.50.10.50.010.10.550.1a0.050.10.20.020.05a0.10.01a0.05a0.050.50.020.10.050.1a0.250.05a0.050.1
Carrots0.050.05a0.50.05a0.120.02a0.50.10.50.0150.5510.50.20.020.10.50.01a0.20.20.50.020.10.20.10.10.05
Turnips0.050.05a0.50.05a0.110.02a0.50.10.50.0150.55120.020.10.050.01a10.050.50.020.10.20.10.05
Swedes0.050.05a0.50.05a0.120.02a0.50.10.50.0150.55120.020.10.50.01a10.050.50.020.120.10.05
Bulb VegetablesOnions0.050.05a0.50.05a0.1120.02a0.50.10.50.0150.55110.020.10.050.01a10.050.10.130.020.10.110.05a0.051
Fruiting VegetablesTomatoes0.050.05a0.50.05a3550.02a0.10.10.50.0150.5111320.020.10.520.0275530.020.1110.10.053
Cucumbers0.050.05a0.50.05a0.130.50.02a0.10.10.50.0150.5220.520.020.10.510.0550530.020.10.210.051
Brassica VegetablesCabbage0.050.05a0.50.05a0.150.02a0.10.10.50.0150.551220.020.10.520.0510030.020.10.210.020.10.051
Cauliflowers0.050.05a0.50.05a0.110.50.02a0.10.10.50.0150.55220.020.10.520.0530.020.10.210.020.051
Brussels Sprouts0.050.05a10.05a0.110.50.50.02a0.10.10.50.0150.551220.020.10.520.0530.020.10.210.10.05
Legume VegetablesBeans0.50.05a0.50.05a250.02a0.10.10.50.0150.5520.520.020.10.510.0530.10.210.010.052
Peas0.50.05a0.50.05a250.02a0.10.10.50.0150.55120.020.10.50.10.0530.10.210.051
Stem VegetablesCelery0.50.05a20.05a0.1320.02a0.50.10.50.010.55120.020.10.510.0530.020.10.210.055
Leeks0.50.05a0.50.05a210.02a0.10.10.50.0150.55120.020.10.510.0530.020.1210.05
Leaf VegetablesLettuce0.050.05a0.50.05a21050.02a0.10.10.50.01101520.020.10.520.0530.020.50.21320.055
FungiMushrooms0.050.05a0.05a0.1110.02a0.050.10.50.010.550.110.020.10.510.0530.020.10.210.05

Regulation2

SCHEDULE 3

(1)(2)
PesticidesResidues
Aldrin & Dieldrinsingly or combined, expressed as dieldrin (HEOD)
2-Aminobutane2-aminobutane
Aminotriazoleaminotriazole
Azinphos-methylsum of azinphos-methyl and azinphos-ethyl
Bitertanolbitertanol
Captafolcaptafol
Captansum of captan and folpet
Carbarylcarbaryl
Carbendazimcarbendazim (from use of benomyl, thiophanate-methyl and carbendazim)
Carbon disulphidecarbon disulphide
Carbon tetrachloridecarbon tetrachloride
Carbophenothionsum of carbolphenothion, its sulphoxide and its sujlphone, expressed as carbophenothion
Chlordane

(1) for products of animal origin sum of cis- and trans- isomers and oxychlordane expressed as chlordane;

(2) for cereals, fruit and vegetables: sum of cis- and trans isomers expressed as chlordane

Chlorfenvinphossum of E- and Z- isomers of chlordenvinphos
Chlorpyrifos-methylchlorpyrifos-methyl
DDTsum of pp' -DDT, op' -DDT, pp' -TDE and pp' -DDE expressed as DDT
Diazinondiazinon
1,2-Dibromoethane1,2-dibromoethane
Dichlofluaniddichlofluanid
Dichlorvosdichlorvos
Dicofoldicofol
Diflubenzurondiflubenzuron
Dimethihpindimethipin
Dimethoatedimethoate
Dithiocarbamatesalkylenebisdithiocarbamates and alkylthiuramdisulphides and dialkyldithiocarbamates determined and expressed as carbon disulphide (CS2)
Endosulfansum of alpha- and beta- isomers and of endosulfan sulphate, expressed as endosulfan
Endrinendrin
Ethionethion
Etrimfossum of etrimfos, its oxygen analogue and 6-ethoxy-2-ethyl-4-hydroxypyrimidine
Fenitrothionfenitrothion
Fluazifopfluazifop and esters (including conjugates) of fluazifop, expressed as free acid
Flurochloridoneflurochloridone
Heloxyhfophaloxyfop and esters (including conjugates) of haloxyfop, expressed as free acid
Hexachlorobenzene (HCB)hexachlorobenzene
Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCHhexachlorocyclohexane
alpha-isomer
beta-isomer
gamma-isomer
Heptachlorsum of heptachlor and heptachlor expxide, expressed as heptachlor
Hydrogen cyanidecyanide expressed as hydrogen cyanide
Hydrogen phosphidephosphides expressed as hydrogen phosphide
Imazalilimazalil
Inorganic bromidedetermined and expressed as total bromine from all sources
Ioxynilioxynil
Iprodionesum of iprodione and all metabolites containing 3,5-dichloroaniline moiety, expressed as iprodione
Malathionsum of malathion and malaoxon, expressed as malathion
Mercury compoundsdetermined as total mercury and expressed as mercury
Methacrifosmethacrifos
Methyl bromidebromomethane
Mevinphossum of cis- and trans- mevinphos
Omethoateometheoate (from use of formothion, dimethoate and omethoate)
Parathionparathion
Parathion-methylparathion-methyl
Phosalonephosalone
Phosphamidonsum of phosphamidon (E- and Z- isomers) N-desethylphosphamidon (E- and Z- isomers) expressed as phosphamdon
Pirimiphos-methylpirimiphos-methyl
Pyrethrinssum of pyrethrins I and II, cinerins I and II, jasmolins I and II
Quintozenesum of quintozene, pentachloroaniline and methyl pentachlorophenyl sulphide expressed as quintozene
Tecnazenetecnazene
Thiabendazolethiabendazole
Triazophostriazophos
Trichlorfontrichlorfen
2,4,5-T2,4,5-T
Vinclozolinsum of vinclozolin and all metabolites containing 3,5-dichloroaniline moiety, expressed as vinclozolin

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations, made under Part III of the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985, specify the maximum levels of pesticide residues which may be left in food. The Regulations, inter alia, implement Council Directives 86/362/EEC and 86/363/EEC of 24th July 1986 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on cereals, and in and on foodstuffs of animal Origin (viz. meat and milk and products derived therefrom) (O.J. No. L221, 7.8.86, pp.37 and 43 respectively).

The foods to which the Regulations apply are listed in Schedules 1 and 2 to the Regulations together with a list of pesticides used in connection therewith. The residues which may result from the use of those pesticides are listed in Schedule 3.

Regulation 3 provides that no person may leave in any food to which the Regulations apply, a level of residue exceeding a maximum residue level applicable to that food. Regulation 4 enables either of the Ministers to seize or dispose of any food containing a residue level in excess of any maximum residue level, or to require some other person to dispose of that food. They may also direct some other person to take such remedial action as appears to them to be necessary.

In accordance with regulation 5 sampling of food is to be determined by reference to Parts 5 and 6 of the Codex Alimentarius Guide to Codex Recommendations Concerning Pesticide Residues. Copies of these documents are available for inspection at the Library of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Whitehall Place, London SW1A 2EY, and at the Library of the Scottish Office, New St. Andrew’s House, St. James' Square, Edinburgh EH1 3TE.

Offences and penalties for contravention of regulations made under Part III of the Food and Environment Protection Act are prescribed respectively by sections 16(12) and 21(3) of that Act.

The Regulations apply to Great Britain and come into force on 2nd August 1988, with the exception of regulation 3(b) and Schedule 2 which come into force on 31st December 1988.

(2)

Established by S.I. 1985/1516

(3)

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations and World Health Organisation joint Food Standards Programme; Codex Alimentarius Commission documents CAC/PR5-1984 and CAC/PR-1984. Part 5 is entitled “Recommended Method of Sampling for the Determination of Pesticide Residues”. Part 6 is entitled “Portion of Commodities to which Codex Maximum Residue Limits apply and which is analysed”.

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