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The Pensions (Miscellaneous Offices) (Preservation of Benefits) Order 1977

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INTRODUCTORY

Citation and Commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Pensions (Miscellaneous Offices) (Preservation of Benefits) Order 1977 and shall come into operation on 11th November 1977.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In this Order, unless the context otherwise requires—

the Act of 1950” means the Administration of Justice (Pensions) Act 1950;

full rate” means the rate at which a pension might have been granted to an office holder continuing to serve until reaching normal pension age;

judicial officeincludes any of the offices listed, or treated by any enactment as listed, in Schedule 1 of the Act of 1950;

normal pension age” means the earliest age at which, if his service had continued until retirement at that age, an office holder might have been granted a pension under a relevant enactment;

office holder” means a person who is or has been the holder of any scheduled office;

principal civil service pension scheme” means a principal civil service pension scheme within the meaning of section 2 of the Superannuation Act 1972 and a principal civil service scheme within the meaning of Article 4 of the Superannuation (Northern Ireland) Order 1972;

relevant enactment” means an enactment by virtue of which an office holder might be granted a pension in respect of any relevant service and, in the case of an office holder who has held more than one judicial office, includes any enactment relating to the payment of superannuation benefits to or in respect of such persons;

relevant servicehas the meaning given by Article 4(2);

scheduled office” means

(a)

an office listed in Part I of the Schedule to this Order;

(b)

an office listed in Part II of that Schedule to where the holder of such office has elected for the statutory scheme of pensions and other benefits applicable to the judicial offices listed in Schedule 1 to the Judicial Pensions Act 1959;

any references to any enactment shall be construed as a reference to that enactment as amended, extended or applied by any other enactment including this Order.

(2) The Interpretation Act 1889 shall apply to the interpretation of this Order as it applies to the interpretation of an Act of Parliament.

GENERAL

Office holders to whom Order applies

3.  This Order shall have effect in relation to any person who is or has been the holder of any scheduled office and who ceases to hold office on or after 11th November 1977.

Ceasing to hold office and relevant service

4.—(1) An office holders does not cease to hold office for the purposes of this Order if, after ceasing to hold a scheduled office but before reaching normal pension age, he starts to hold another office, service in which may, under any relevant enactment, be reckoned on any basis together with service in the earlier office for the purpose of superannuation benefits.

(2) An office holder's service in a scheduled office is relevant service for the purposes of this Order, and his relevant service may include any earlier service of his which may, under any enactment, be reckoned on any basis together with service of his in a scheduled office; so, however, that where an office holder is entitled to make an election under this Order than, whether he makes or does not make an election, his relevant service shall not include any service of his which would have fallen to be disregarded for the purposes of superannuation benefits had he made or, as the case may be, not made a corresponding election under the relevant enactment on his retirement.

(3) For the purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2) it is immaterial—

(a)whether the office holder has served at any time in any other office (including an office in relation to which he ceases to hold office for the purposes of this Order); or

(b)whether the earlier and the later offices are the same; or

(c)whether any election available in respect of the office holder has been made; or

(d)whether the superannuation benefits payable under the relevant enactment relating to one office would, in the circumstances of the case, be unaffected by adding the other service into the reckoning.

PRESERVED BENEFITS

Office holder's pension

5.—(1) Subject to the following provisions of this Order, an office holder who has completed five years of relevant service but who ceased to hold office before normal pension age may become eligible for a pension under the relevant enactment when he reaches that age.

(2) The annual rate at which that pension may be paid shall bear to the full rate the same proportion as the number of completed years of relevant service bears to the number of completed years which the office holder would have served if his service had continued to normal pension age.

Lump sum and widow's and children's pension

6.—(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2) of this Article, sections 2 (other than subsections (2)(b) and (3)) and 3 to 8 of the Act of 1950 (lump sums and widows' and children's pensions) shall apply in relation to an office holder who becomes eligible for a pension by virtue of this Order or who dies before becoming so eligible but could have become so eligible had he survived to normal pension age, as they apply in relation to an office holder who becomes eligible for a pension on retirement at normal pension age or who dies in service.

(2) In relation to a person who has held office as clerk of the Crown and Peace in Northern Ireland, sections 121 (other than subsections (2)(b) and (3)), 122 to 127 of the County Courts Act (Northern Ireland) 1959 shall apply in place of the relevant provisions of the Act of 1950.

(3) In relation to a person who has held office as county court registrar in Northern Ireland, sections 4(1), 46 to 51, 54 and 79 of the Superannuation Act (Northern Ireland) 1967 shall apply in the place of the relevant provisions of the Act of 1950, so however that any lump sum granted under section 4(1) shall not exceed twice the annual amount of the pension for which he would have been eligible.

SUPPLEMENTARY

Election in respect of two or more periods of service

7.—(1) Where an office holder who has served in more than one judicial office has ceased to hold office (or, but for Article 4(1), would have ceased to hold office), then—

(a)if his last period of service is relevant service, and

(b)if he would have been entitled on his retirement to elect that the superannuation benefits payable to or in respect of him should be determined under an enactment relating to the payment of superannuation benefits to or in respect of persons who have served in more than one office,

he shall, for the purposes of that enactment, have the same right of election, and that right may be exercised within an equivalent period, as if he had retired from that office at an age at which an election under that enactment would have been available to him.

(2) Where an election is made in reliance upon this Article, this Order shall apply as if in Article 5 for the expression “normal pension age” there were substituted a reference to the earliest age at which the office holder might have become eligible for superannuation benefits following an election made by him under such an enactment as is described in paragraph (1)(b) of this Article.

(3) Any election made in reliance upon this Article by a person who had not ceased to hold office shall be of no effect.

Provisions about early retirement

8.  For the purpose of this Order there is to be disregarded any provision in any relevant enactment as to early retirement on grounds of ill-health or permanent incapacity but this Order is without prejudice to any such provision.

Inalienability

9.—(1) Any assignment of, or charge on, and any agreement to assign or charge, any pension or lump sum which may be granted by virtue of this Order shall (unless made by an office holder in favour of his widow or dependant) be void.

(2) This Article shall have effect in relation to Scotland as if for the reference to assignment there were substituted a reference to assignation.

Relationship to other benefits

10.—(1) Any benefits granted by virtue of this Order in respect of any relevant service of an office holder shall be payable even though other benefits are payable, to or in respect of him, otherwise than by virtue of this Order—

(a)under a relevant enactment, or

(b)under an enactment relating to superannuation benefits in respect of an office listed or treated by virtue of any enactment as listed in Schedule 1 to the Act of 1950,

so, however, that any benefits granted by virtue of this Order shall be abated to the extent that they exceed the amount, if any, by which the other benefits might have been increased if the relevant service in respect of which benefits are granted under this Order had been service in office in respect of which such other benefits are payable.

(2) Where the other benefits, for the purpose of paragraph (1), are payable to or in respect of an office holder by virtue of service of his in more than one judicial office, the amount for the purposes of that paragraph may be arrived at in the manner most favourable to him.

Saving for other pension schemes

11.  This Order shall not apply in relation to an office holder with respect to whose relevant service the provisions of a principal civil service pension scheme apply.

Given under the Official Seal of the Minister for the Civil Service on 11th October 1977.

L.S.

C. R. Morris

Minister of State

Civil Service Department

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