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Geological Survey Act 1845

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Geological Survey Act 1845

1845 CHAPTER 63

An Act to facilitate the Completion of a Geological Survey of Great Britain and Ireland, under the Direction of the First Commissioner for the Time being of Her Majesty's Woods arid Works

[31st July 1845]

WHEREAS Sums of Money have been from Time to Time granted and appropriated by Parliament to the making a Geological Survey of Great Britain and Ireland, in connexion with a Trigonometrical Survey of Great Britain, in progress under the Direction of the Master General and Board of Ordnance, and Powers are vested in the said Master General and Board of Ordnance for facilitating the Execution and Completion of Surveys under their Charge: And whereas the Union, under the Board of Ordnance, of Surveys having no direct Connexion with each other, has in some Instances been productive of Inconvenience, and it has been deemed expedient to withdraw the Geological Survey of the United Kingdom from the Conduct of the Master General and Board of Ordnance, and to place the same under the Direction and Superintendence of the First Commissioner for the Time being of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works, and Buildings, subject nevertheless to the Control of the Lord High Treasurer or Commissioners for the Time being of Her Majesty's Treasury : And whereas it is essential to the Prosecution of such Geological Survey that the First Commissioner for the Time being of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works, and Buildings should have as ample Powers for making and completing the same as the Master General and Board of Ordnance possess for making and completing Surveys in charge of the said last-mentioned Board: Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That, for the Purpose of making and completing a Geological Survey of the United Kingdom, or any Part thereof, it shall be lawful for any Surveyor or other Person appointed by or acting under the Orders of the First Commissioner for the Time being of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works, and Buildings, and for any Person assisting or employed by any Surveyor or other Person so appointed or acting under such Orders as aforesaid, and they are hereby respectively authorized and empowered, from Time to Time, after Notice in Writing of the' Intention of entering shall have been given to the Owner or Occupier, as the Case may be, to enter into and upon the Land of any Owner or Person whomsoever, for the Purpose of making and carrying on any Geological Survey authorized by the First Commissioner for the Time being of Her Majesty's Woods, Forests, Land Revenues, Works, and Buildings, and to break up the Surface of any Part of such Land for the Purpose of ascertaining the Rocks, Strata, or Minerals within or under the same, and to take and carry away Specimens of the Rocks, Strata, or Minerals found therein, and to fix any Post, Stone, Mark, or Object to be used in the Survey in any such Land (except as herein-after mentioned), and to dig up any Ground for the Purpose of fixing any such Post, Stone, or Mark, and also to enter into or upon any Land through which any such Surveyor or other Person so appointed or acting or employed as aforesaid shall find it necessary to pass for the Purposes of such Survey, at any reasonable Time in the Day, until the Survey shall be completed: Provided always, that it shall not be lawful for any such Surveyor or other Person appointed or acting or employed as aforesaid to fix any Object, Post, Stone, or Mark within any walled Garden, Orchard, or Pleasure Ground, without the Consent of the Owner or Occupier thereof: Provided also, that such Surveyor or other Persons so appointed or employed as aforesaid shall do as little Damage as may be in the. Execution of the several Powers to them granted by this Act, and shall make Satisfaction to the Owner or Occupier, as the Case may require, of such Land, or the Owner of any Trees which shall be in, any way injured, for all Damages to be sustained in the Execution of any of the Powers, of this Act, in case the same shall be demanded; and in case of Dispute between the said Surveyor or other Persons appointed or employed as aforesaid, on the one hand, and the Owner or Occupier, as the Case may be, on the other hand, as to the Amount of Damage sustained, the same shall be ascertained and determined, by any Two or more Justices of the Peace, in Petty Sessions assembled, of the County in which the Lands, or Trees may be situate.

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