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Regulation of Railways Act 1871

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PreliminaryE+W+S+N.I.

1 Construction of Act and short title.E+W+S+N.I.

This Act so far as is consistent with the tenor thereof shall be construed as one with the Acts mentioned in Schedule Two to this Act and with the M1Regulation of Railways Act 1868 and those Acts and this Act may be cited together as “The Regulation of Railways Acts 1840 to 1871”; and this Act and each of the Acts mentioned in Schedule Two to this Act may be cited as “The Regulation of Railways Act” of the year in which it was passed.

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Marginal Citations

F12Interpretation of terms.E+W+S+N.I.

In this Act—

  • The term “railway” means the whole or any portion of a railway or tramway, whether worked by steam or otherwise, which has been authorized by any special Act of Parliament [F2the Channel Tunnel Act 1987] or by any certificate under Act of Parliament:

  • The term “company” means a company incorporated either before or after the passing of this Act [F3(a)]for the purpose of constructing, maintaining, or working a railway in the United Kingdom (either alone or in conjunction with any other purpose) [F4, or (b) which works a railway, or operates a station or a train, in the United Kingdom], and includes, except when otherwise expressed, any indidual or individuals not incorporated [F5who work a railway, or operate a station or train, in the United Kingdom or who are owners or lessees of a railway or station in the United Kingdom or parties to an agreement for working a railway or operating a station or train in the United Kingdom]:

  • The term “person” includes a body corporate:

  • [F6The term “court of summary jurisdiction” means any justices of the peace, F7. . . stipendiary magistrate, [F8sheriff principal, sheriff], or other magistrate, or officer by whatever name called, who is capable of exercising jurisdiction in summary proceedings for the recovery of penalties.]

  • [F9The term “relevant transport system” has the meaning assigned to it by regulation 2 of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurences Regulations 1995.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 2: definition of “railway” extended (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 20, Sch. 9 Pt. II para. 5

F2Words inserted by Channel Tunnel Act 1987 (c. 53, SIF 102), ss. 43, 45, Sch. 6 para. 1, Sch. 7 Pt. VI para. 2 (by s. 43 it is provided that Sch. 6 to that 1987 Act shall have effect for making miscellaneous provisions about the application of railway regulation enactments in relation to the tunnel system, the concessionaires and certain other persons operating services by way of the tunnel system)

F3Word in s. 2 inserted (1.10.1994) by S.I. 1994/2229, art. 2(1), Sch. para. (a)(i)

F4Words in s. 2 substituted (1.10.1994) by virtue of S.I. 1994/2229, art. 2(1), Sch. para. (a)(ii)

F5Words in s. 2 substituted (1.10.1994) by S.I. 1994/2229, art. 2(1), Sch. para. (a)(iii)

F6Definition repealed (N.I.) by Northern Ireland Act 1962 (c. 30), Sch. 4 Pt. IV

F7S. 2: words in definition of “court of summary jurisdiction” repealed (31.8.2000) by 1999 c. 22, s. 106, Sch. 15 Pt. V(3) (with s. 107, Sch. 14 paras. 7(2), 36(9)); S.I. 2000/1920, art. 3(c)

F8Words substituted by virtue of Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), s. 4

F9Words in s. 2 added (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1995/3163, reg. 14(2)

Inspection of RailwaysE+W+S+N.I.

3 Board of Trade may appoint inspectors of railways. E+W+S+N.I.

The Board of Trade may from time to time appoint any person to be inspector for the purpose of inspecting [F10any railway or station and of making any inquiry with respect to any railway or station or into the cause of any railway accident or any accident at any station] which the Board of Trade are authorized to make or direct, and of enabling the Board of Trade to carry the provisions of any general Act relating to railways into execution, or for any of such purposes:[F11 Provided that no person so appointed shall exercise any powers of interference in the affairs of any company].

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Amendments (Textual)

F10Words in s. 3 substituted (1.4.1994) by S.I. 1994/857, art. 2, Sch. para. 4(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

4 Powers of inspectors of railways. E+W+S+N.I.

Every inspector under this Act shall for the purposes of any inspection or inquiry which he is directed by the Board of Trade to make or conduct have the following powers; (that is to say,)

[F12(1)He may enter and inspect any railway or station and any works, buildings or offices belonging thereto and may inspect any stock, plant or machinery used in connection with any railway or station;]

(2)He may by summons under his hand require the attendance of any person who is engaged in the management, service, or employment of a company as defined by this Act, and whom he thinks fit to call before him and examine for the said purpose, and may require answers or returns to such inquiries for the said purpose as he thinks fit to make from such person or company:

(3)He may require and enforce the production of all books, papers, and documents of a company which he considers important for the said purpose.

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Amendments (Textual)

F12S. 4(1) substituted (1.4.1994) by S.I. 1994/857, art. 2, Sch. para. 4(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F13E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

AccidentsE+W+S+N.I.

F146. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F14S. 6 repealed and superseded (E.W.S.) (prosp.) by 1992 c. 42, ss. 43, 44, 68(1), 70(1), Sch. 4 Pt. I and repealed (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1995/3163, reg. 14(1); s. 6 repealed (N.I.) (prosp.) by 2002 c. 8 (N.I.), ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2

F157 Inquiry into accidents and formal investigation in serious cases. E+W+S+N.I.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

8 Appointment of an assessor to coroner.E+W+S+N.I.

Where any coroner in England holds or is about to hold an inquest on the death of any person occasioned by an [F16accident or occurrence—

(a)which arises from the operation of a relevant transport system, and

(b)which is required to be reported under regulation 3(1) of the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995,]

and makes a written request to the Board of Trade in this behalf, the Board of Trade may appoint an inspector or some person possessing legal or special knowledge to assist in holding such inquest, and such appointee shall act as the assessor of the coroner, and shall make the like report to the Board of Trade, and the report shall be made public in like manner as in the case of a formal investigation of an accident [F17or occurence]under this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F16Words in s. 8 substituted (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1995/3163, reg. 14(2)(d)

F17Words in s. 8 inserted (1.4.1996) by S.I. 1995/3163, reg. 14(2)(e)

9, 10.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F18E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

F18Ss. 9, 10 and Sch. 1 repealed with saving by Statute Law Revision Act 1960 (c. 56), s. 1(2), Sch.

MiscellaneousE+W+S+N.I.

11 Disobedience to or obstruction of inspector or court.E+W+S+N.I.

If any person, without reasonable excuse (proof whereof shall lie on him), does any of the following things; namely,

(1)Having been summoned, and having had the expenses (if any) to which he is entitled tendered to him, fails to attend as a witness before any inspector under this Act, or before a court holding an investigation under this Act, or fails when required by the inspector or such court in pursuance of this Act so to do, to make any answer, or to give any return, or to produce any document, or to make or sign any declaration; or

(2)Prevents or impedes the inspector or such court in the execution of his or their duty,

he shall for every such offence incur a penalty not exceeding [F19level 1 on the standard scale], and in the case of a refusal to make any return or produce any document, not exceeding ten pounds during every day that such failure continues; and where the offence consists of preventing or impeding as aforesaid, the inspector, or any member of such court, or any person called by him to his assistance, may seize and detain the offender until he can be conveniently taken before a court of summary jurisdiction, to be dealt with according to law.

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Amendments (Textual)

F19Words “level 1 on the standard scale” substituted (E.W.S.) by virtue of (E.W.) Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48, SIF 39:1), s. 46 and (S.) Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (c. 21, SIF 39:1), s. 289G

12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F20E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F21E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

14 Penalty for trespassers on railways. E+W+S+N.I.

Section twenty-three of “The Regulation of Railways Act, 1868,” shall have effect as if the words “after having once received warning” were substituted therein for the words “after having received warning.” . . . F22

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5The text of s. 14 is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991

15 Recovery, &c. of penalties.E+W+S+N.I.

Every penalty imposed by this Act shall be recovered and applied in the same manner as penalties imposed by the M2Railways Clauses Consolidation Act 1845 and the M3Railways Clauses Consolidation (Scotland) Act 1845 (as the case may require), are for the time being recoverable and applicable.

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Marginal Citations

16 Application of Act to Scotland.E+W+S+N.I.

In the application of this Act to Scotland—

(1)The term “attending on subpoena before a court of record” means attending on citation the Court of Justiciary.

(2)The Queen’s and Lord Treasurer’s Remembrancer shall perform the duties of a master of one of the Superior Courts under this Act.

(3)The term “stipendiary magistrate” means [F23sheriff principal or sheriff] .

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Amendments (Textual)

F23Words substituted by virtue of Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), s. 4

17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F24E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F25E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

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