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High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851

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High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851

1851 CHAPTER 94 14 and 15 Vict

An Act to define and amend the Mineral Customs of certain Parts of the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, Part of the Possessions of Her Majesty’s Duchy of Lancaster; to make Provision for the better Administration of Justice in the Barmote Courts therein; and to improve the Practice and Proceedings of the said Courts.

[7th August 1851]

Whereas the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty in right of Her Duchy of Lancaster is seised to Her and Her Heirs and Successors of and in the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, and is entitled to the Mineral Duties in certain Parts of the Hundred of High Peak: And whereas within the said Hundred there is a District called the King’s Field, otherwise the King’s Fee, which consists of Seven smaller Liberties or Districts, to wit, Castleton, Bradwell, Hucklow, Winster, Moniash, Taddington, and Upper Haddon: And whereas all the Subjects of this Realm have from Time immemorial had or claimed to have a Right to search for, sink, and dig Mines or Veins of Lead Ore within the King’s Field aforesaid, subject to certain ancient Mineral Laws and Customs, and upon paying certain Duties to Her Majesty and Her Predecessors, and Her and their Lessees for the Time being: And whereas for the Regulation of the said Mines, and for deciding Questions of Title and other Matters relating thereto, there have existed within the King’s Field aforesaid certain Courts called the Great Barmote Court and the Small Barmote Court: And whereas the Mineral Laws and Customs of the King’s Field aforesaid are uncertain and undefined, and are in many respects inapplicable to the present Mining Operations within the King’s Field aforesaid: And whereas Doubts have arisen whether the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts extends over such Parts of the said Hundred of High Peak within which Her said Majesty is entitled to the Mineral Duties, but which are not included in the King’s Field aforesaid, although the same Rights of Mining are exercised therein: And whereas it is advisable that the said Mineral Laws and Customs should be revised, altered, and amended so as to be made applicable to the present State of Mining Operations within the said Hundred, and that the Jurisdiction of the said Great and Small Barmote Courts should be more clearly defined and settled: And whereas the Most Noble William Spencer Duke of Devonshire is the Lessee of the said Duties by Grant under the Seal of Her Majesty’s Duchy of Lancaster:

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1 Act excluded by Derwent Valley Water Act 1927 c. lxx, s. 8

I Short Title.E+W+S+N.I.

In citing this Act in other Acts of Parliament, and in legal Instruments and on all other Occasions, it shall be sufficient to use the Expression “The High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851,” and the Schedules to this Act shall be considered as forming Part thereof.

II Interpretation Clause.E+W+S+N.I.

In construing this Act the following Words and Expressions shall have the Meaning hereby assigned to them, unless there be something in the Context of the Act repugnant to such Construction; that is to say,

The Word “Steward” shall mean Deputy Steward:

The Words “County Court” shall mean any County Court having Jurisdiction over any Part of the District over which the Barmote Courts have Jurisdiction by this Act:

The Word “Gift” shall mean the setting out by the Barmaster of any Ground in manner herein-after provided:

The Word “Founder” shall mean the Point at which a Vein of Ore shall be first found; and the Words “Founder Meers” shall mean the Two first Meers to be set out to the Finder under the Provisions of this Act:

The Words “Mine or Mines, Vein or Veins,” shall mean a Mine or Mines, Vein or Veins, of Lead Ore, and shall include Parts of or Shares in any Mine or Vein as well as entire Mines and Veins, and all Minerals containing Lead Ore:

The Word “Ore” shall mean Lead Ore and Belland exclusively:

The Word “Barmaster” shall include Deputy Barmasters:

The Words “Mineral Property” shall include Mines and Veins of Lead, and Parts of or Shares in any such Mines or Veins, and the Works, Rights, and Appurtenances connected therewith, and also Lead Ore, and all Tools, Materials, Goods, Chattels, and Effects used in searching for, getting, cleansing, or preparing Lead Ore, whether such Tools, Materials, Goods, Chattels, or Effects be or be found in or upon any Mine or Works or elsewhere.

III Steward.E+W+S+N.I.

From and after the passing of this Act it shall be lawful for the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty and Her Successors to nominate and appoint, from Time to Time, by Letters Patent under the Seal of the Duchy of Lancaster, a fit and proper Person, being a Barrister-at-Law of Five Years standing, or a Member of One of the Inns of Court who has practised as a Special Pleader for Ten Years, or [F1a solicitor of the Supreme Court] of Seven Years standing, to be and to be called the Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, and such Steward shall hold his Office during the Will and Pleasure of Her Majesty and Her Successors.

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Amendments (Textual)

IV Steward may appoint a Deputy.E+W+S+N.I.

It shall be lawful for the Steward to appoint from Time to Time a Deputy Steward qualified to be appointed Steward of the said Court, to act for him at any Time when he shall be prevented by Illness or unavoidable Absence from acting in such Office, and to remove such Deputy at his Pleasure, and such Deputy while acting under such Appointment shall have the like Powers and Privileges, and be subject to the like Provisions, Duties, and Penalties for Misbehaviour, as if he were the Steward of the Court for the Time being.

V Duties of Steward.E+W+S+N.I.

The Duties of the said Steward shall be to receive and enter Plaints in a Book to be kept by him for that Purpose, which may be in the Form comprised in the Second Schedule to this Act; to issue Summonses, to hold and preside at the Great and Small Barmote Courts; to issue Precepts under his Hand to the Barmaster for summoning the Attendance of the Grand Jury on Views and at the Great Barmote Courts, and also Precepts to the Barmaster for summoning and empannelling Jurors for the Trials of Causes at the Small Barmote Courts; to administer Oaths to the Barmaster, Deputy Barmaster, Jurors, Witnesses, or other Persons (at and out of the Great and Small Barmote Courts); to preside as Judge on the Trial of Causes at the Small Barmote Courts; to tax Costs in all Cases where by this Act Costs are or may be given; to attend and preside at Views; to sign and issue Subp^nas for the summoning of Witnesses and the Process of the Courts, both mesne and final, and all Rules and Orders of the Courts, and Warrants for enforcing the Judgments of the Courts, and levying Penalties; to make Returns to [F2orders of certiorari] ; to advise the Barmasters and Grand Juries and other Juries upon Matters of Law, and all other Matters connected with their respective Duties; to affix the Seal of the Barmote Courts to such Documents as require the same; to hear and determine Applications to the Courts which do not require the Intervention of a Jury, and to make Orders thereon, upon such Terms as to the Payment of Costs by either Party or otherwise as may to him seem just; to keep the Verdicts, Judgments, Books, and Proceedings of the Great and Small Barmote Courts, and the Seal of the said Courts, and also all Books and Accounts herein-after provided to be kept and delivered to the Steward by the Barmaster, safe and in good Condition, and to deliver up the same to Her Majesty and Her Successors whenever required; and generally to do and perform such other Acts and Duties as are in this Act mentioned as Acts and Duties to be performed by the Steward.

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Amendments (Textual)

VI Courts to be held.E+W+S+N.I.

Two Great Barmote Courts shall be held every Year, One on the First Tuesday in the Month of April, and the other on the First Tuesday in the Month of October, but if the First Tuesday in April be in Passion Week or Easter Tuesday, or a Day appointed for a Public Fast or Thanksgiving, then such Court shall be held on the Tuesday next after, instead of being holden on such First Tuesday; and Small Barmote Courts shall be held from Time to Time as Occasion shall require, but not on the Days appointed for the holding of the Great Barmote Courts; the Great Barmote Courts shall be held at Monyash in the County of Derby, and the Small Barmote Courts at any Place within the Jurisdiction of the said Courts which may be appointed by the Steward, which Place may be varied at any Time or from Time to Time.

VII Business at Barmote Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

The Matters to be transacted at the Great Barmote Courts shall be the swearing in of the Grand Jury, and such other Matters as are in this Act mentioned as being Matters to be transacted at the Great Barmote Courts; and the Matters to be transacted at the Small Barmote Courts shall be the Trial of Actions of Title, Trespass, and Debt, and such other Matters as are in this Act mentioned as being Matters to be transacted at the Small Barmote Courts.

VIII Seal of the Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

There shall be a Seal or Stamp provided by the Steward, with the Words “The Seal of the High Peak Barmote Courts” thereon, and all Proceedings in the Great and Small Barmote Courts which are required to be signed by the Steward shall be sealed or stamped therewith.

IX Barmasters.E+W+S+N.I.

It shall be lawful for Her Majesty and Her Successors to appoint during Pleasure only (by Letters Patent under Seal of the Duchy of Lancaster ) a fit and proper Person to serve the Office of Barmaster of the District within the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts, and to be called the Barmaster of the High Peak; and the Barmaster for the Time being may (with the Consent in Writing of the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee then with the Consent in Writing of Her Majesty or Her Successors, or of the Chancellor for the Time being of the Duchy of Lancaster,) nominate Seven fit and proper Persons to serve the Office of Deputy Barmaster, One for each of the Seven smaller Liberties or Districts aforesaid; and the Deputy Barmaster for the Time being of the Liberty or District of Castleton shall be also the Deputy Barmaster for such Part of the Hundred of High Peak aforesaid as is now vested in Her Majesty in right of Her Duchy of Lancaster, but it is not within the King’s Field; and such Deputy Barmasters shall respectively continue in Office during the Continuance in Office of the Barmaster by whom they were appointed, or until they shall be removed as hereinafter mentioned: Provided always, that the Barmaster may, with such Consent as aforesaid, appoint the same Person to act as Deputy Barmaster for any Two or more of the said smaller Liberties.

X Barmaster not to be answerable for his Deputies.E+W+S+N.I.

The Barmaster shall not be answerable for the Acts of the Deputy Barmasters.

XI Removal of Deputy Barmasters.E+W+S+N.I.

It shall be lawful for the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee then for the Chancellor for the Time being of the Duchy of Lancaster, to remove any Deputy Barmaster from his Office at the Pleasure of such Lessee and Chancellor respectively.

XII Barmasters to take Oath.E+W+S+N.I.

The Barmaster and Deputy Barmasters respectively may act as such without being sworn, but shall, before or at the Great Barmote Court next after their respective Appointments, be respectively sworn well and truly to serve the Office to which they are appointed, or such Appointment shall be void.

XIII Duties of Head Barmaster.E+W+S+N.I.

The Duties of the Barmaster shall be to execute all such Precepts and Warrants as shall be directed to him, and signed by the Steward and sealed with the said Seal, to attend on Views with the Steward and Deputy Barmaster of the District in which the Mine to be viewed is situate, and where there is no Deputy appointed for any District, to perform all the Duties of the Office of Deputy of such District until a Deputy is appointed, and generally to do and perform such other Acts and Duties as are in this Act mentioned as being Acts or Duties to be done or performed by the Barmaster.

XIV Duties of Deputy Barmasters.E+W+S+N.I.

The Duties of the Deputy Barmasters, whether the Barmaster be absent or present, shall be, to serve Summonses in Actions in the Small Barmote Court relating to Mineral Property within their respective Districts; to serve Summonses on Jurors within their respective Districts; to attend Views on Mines within their respective Districts; to collect the Dues payable within their respective Districts to Her Majesty and Her Successors, or to Her or their Lessee for the Time being, and to keep Accounts of such Dues; to keep a Book, and make therein written Entries and Particulars of all Meers of Ground which shall be measured and set out by them under the Provisions of this Act, and also of all Transfers of Mines which may be made as herein-after provided, and also of all Freeings and other Matters connected with the Mines within their respective Districts; to sign such Book, and to deliver the same half-yearly, together with a fair Copy of the aforesaid Accounts and Entries, also signed by them respectively, each such half-yearly Account to end with the Twenty-fifth of March or Twenty-ninth of September, to the Steward at the Great Barmote Court next after the Day to which such Accounts shall be made up, or, with the Consent of the Steward, at any Adjournment of the said Court, to produce any such Book, and to make and deliver other fair Copies of the aforesaid Accounts at any other Time, upon Demand being made by the Steward for the Production of any such Book, or for any such Copy; and (in all other Cases in which the Barmaster shall not be present and choose to perform such Duties in Person) to perform within their respective Districts all such Duties as are in this Act mentioned as forming Part of the Duties or Business of the Barmaster, and generally to assist the Barmaster, when required by him so to do, in any other Matters forming Part of or connected with the Duties of Barmaster, whether in their own Districts or elsewhere within the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts.

XV Courts to be Courts of Record.E+W+S+N.I.

The Great Barmote Court and the Small Barmote Court shall be Courts of Record, and the Steward shall be Judge of each of them, and may out of Court do all such Acts of the Courts respectively as do not require the Presence of a Jury.

XVI Jurisdiction and Customs.E+W+S+N.I.

The Jurisdiction of the said Great and Small Barmote Courts and of this Act shall be held to extend over the whole of the before-mentioned District called the King’s Field, and also over all the Parts of the Hundred of High Peak aforesaid in which Her Majesty in right of Her Duchy of Lancaster is entitled to the Mineral Duties, and the Mineral Laws and Customs of that Part of the said Hundred over which the Jurisdiction of the said Great and Small Barmote Courts is hereby declared to extend shall be such as are mentioned and comprised in this Act, and no other alleged Custom or Practice shall be valid.

XVII Practice of Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

The Steward may in any Case, and upon such Terms as to the Payment of Costs by either Party or otherwise as to him shall seem just, make Orders for granting Time to the Plaintiff or Defendant to proceed in the Prosecution or Defence of any Action, and also may from Time to Time adjourn any Great or Small Barmote Court, or the Hearing or further Hearing of any Cause or other Proceeding in the said Courts or either of them, or before the Steward, in such Manner as to the Steward may seem fit, and when any Court is adjourned, the Grand Jurymen and other Jurymen who shall have been summoned to such Court shall attend at the adjourned Court without any further summoning, and shall be liable to the same Penalties for not attending at an adjourned Court as for not attending upon a Summons: Provided always, that the further Hearing of any Cause or other Proceeding of which the Hearing shall have been commenced, and in which any Evidence shall have been given, shall not be adjourned for any longer Period than until the Day next after that on which the Adjournment takes place, or if such next Day be Sunday, Good Friday, Christmas Day, or any Day appointed for a Public Fast or Thanksgiving, then until the Day next but One after that on which the Adjournment takes place.

XVIII Examination of Parties.E+W+S+N.I.

On the Hearing or Trial of any Action, or on any other Proceeding under this Act, the Parties thereto, their Wives, and all other Persons, may be examined upon Oath or solemn Affirmation in those Cases in which Persons are by Law allowed to make Affirmation instead of taking an Oath, such Oath or Affirmation to be administered by the Steward.

XIX False Evidence Perjury.E+W+S+N.I.

Every Person who in any Examination upon Oath or solemn Affirmation before the said Steward shall wilfully and corruptly give false Evidence shall be deemed guilty of Perjury, and shall be liable to be indicted and subject to the same Punishments as may be imposed on Persons guilty of Perjury in any of the Superior Courts [F3at the Royal Courts of Justice].

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Amendments (Textual)

XX Penalty for refusing to give Evidence.E+W+S+N.I.

If any Person appearing as a Witness shall refuse to give Evidence or to answer any lawful Question, it shall be lawful for the Steward to impose upon any such Person such Penalty not exceeding Ten Pounds as the said Steward shall think fit.

XXI Penalty for insulting Steward or Disturbance.E+W+S+N.I.

If any Person shall wilfully insult the Steward or either of the said Courts, or create any Disturbance during the Sitting of any Great or Small Barmote Court, or at any View, or shall insult or obstruct the Barmaster at any Time when in the Execution of his Office, it shall be lawful for the said Steward to impose upon any such Person such Penalty not exceeding Ten Pounds as the said Steward shall think fit, and the Steward shall fix a Day on or before which, and a Person to whom, such Penalty shall be paid.

XXII Grand Jury.E+W+S+N.I.

From and after the passing of this Act the Grand Jury shall consist of Twelve Men only, who shall be selected by the Barmaster from amongst Persons resident within the Jurisdiction of the said Great and Small Barmote Courts, and as far as conveniently can be done it shall be the Duty of the Barmaster to select Persons experienced in practical Mining, but a Want of such Experience shall be no Ground of Objection to any Person serving on the Grand Jury if summoned so to do, nor of Exemption from such Service; and the Grand Jury shall be composed in manner herein-after stated, that is to say, of One Man from the Liberty of Castleton, of Two Men from the Liberty of Bradwell, of Two Men from the Liberty of Hucklow, of Two Men from the Liberty of Winster, of Two Men from the Liberty of Monyash, of One Man from the Liberty of Taddington, of One Man from the Liberty of Upper Haddon, and of One Man from such Parts within the Jurisdiction of the said Great and Small Barmote Courts as are not within any of the aforesaid Liberties; and at the Second Great Barmote Court which shall be held after the passing of this Act Six of the Grand Jury, to be determined by Lot, shall be discharged and Six new Grand Jurymen substituted, and at every subsequent Great Barmote Court Six of the Grand Jury, being those who have been longest in Office, shall be discharged and Six new Grand Jurymen shall be substituted in their Stead, so that every Member of the Grand Jury shall serve for a Period extending over the holding of Two Great Barmote Courts; and no Person shall be compellable to serve on the Grand Jury oftener than once in Three Years; and as often as any of the Grand Jury shall die or become incompetent to act, the Barmaster shall select another Person in his Place, without waiting for the holding of a Great Barmote Court, and every Member of the Grand Jury shall be sworn in by the Steward as soon as conveniently may be, either at a Great or Small Barmote Court or out of Court, as may be most convenient, but every such Member shall be competent to act immediately upon his Appointment as One of the Grand Jury, without waiting for being sworn as aforesaid.

XXIII Duties of Grand Jury.E+W+S+N.I.

The Duties to be performed by the Grand Jury may in Cases where no other Provision is made by this Act be performed by any Eight of the Body, and such Duties shall be to attend at the Great Barmote Courts, and at any other Time upon the Summons of the Barmaster or of any Deputy Barmaster, such Summons to be delivered to all the Members of the Grand Jury, or to be left at their respective last or usual Places of Abode, at least Three Days before the Day on which their Attendance is required to go down into any Mine, Vein, or Mineral Works, and view the same, and give their Opinion on such Matters as are required, of them in any Bill of Directions or Cross Bill delivered to them, and generally to do and perform all such Acts and Duties as are in this Act mentioned as being Acts to be done or Duties to be performed by the Grand Jury.

XXIV Small Barmote Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

The Steward shall, upon the entering of any Plaint, cause a Summons to be issued, and shall, on a Day to be mentioned in such Summons, and within One Calendar Month after the entering of the Plaint, hold a Small Barmote Court for the Trial of the Cause; and the Plaintiff and Defendant, or their respective [F4solicitors] or Agents, shall appear at the Time and Place appointed for the Trial, and the Steward shall proceed in a summary Way to try the Cause, leaving all Matters of Fact in issue in the Cause to be determined by the Jury sworn for the Trial, and shall give Judgment, and the Judgment of the Court shall be enforced by Warrant to be issued under the Hand of the Steward and the Seal of the Barmote Courts, and the Defendant shall be allowed to give Evidence of any Special Matter of Defence.

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Word substituted by virtue of Solicitors Act 1974 (c. 47), s. 89(6)

XXV Service of Summons. Proviso in case Defendant shall refuse to appear or plead.E+W+S+N.I.

The Summons shall be served upon the Defendant by the Barmaster Fourteen clear Days at least before the Day appointed for the Trial, by leaving such Summons at the usual or last Place of Abode of such Defendant, and by affixing a Copy thereof on some conspicuous Part of the Mine to which the Question of Title, Trespass, or Debt to be tried has Reference; and upon Proof of the Service of such Summons the Plaintiff shall be at liberty, if the Defendant do not appear, to proceed to Trial, and if the Steward shall think that he is entitled to recover he shall have Judgment: Provided always, that in Cases where there are more Defendants than One, Service on One of such Defendants shall be deemed sufficient.

XXVI Proviso in case Plaintiff shall not proceed in the Action.E+W+S+N.I.

If the Plaintiff in any Action of Title, Trespass, or Debt shall not proceed to Trial at the Time and Place appointed, the Steward shall cause Judgment as in case of Nonsuit to be entered for the Defendant in such Action.

XXVII New Trials.E+W+S+N.I.

The Steward may grant new Trials, and set aside Judgments and other Proceedings, and may stay Proceedings, and in so doing he is hereby directed to act as far as may be on the same Principles as are acted upon in similar Cases by the Superior Courts [F5at the Royal Courts of Justice].

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Amendments (Textual)

XXVIII Costs.E+W+S+N.I.

The Party who has Judgment in his Favour, in whatever Way such Judgment may be obtained, shall by the same Judgment recover his Costs of Suit or Defence, as the Case may be.

XXIX Appeal.E+W+S+N.I.

It shall be lawful for the [F6High Court] , or for any Judge of any of the Superior Courts [F7at the Royal Courts of Justice] , on the Application of either Plaintiff or Defendant in an Action in the Small Barmote Court, either before or after Trial, on Cause shown by Affidavit to the Satisfaction of such Court or Judge that an impartial or satisfactory Trial cannot be or has not been had in such Barmote Court, or for any other Cause which to such Court or Judge shall seem reasonable, to allow a Certiorari to be issued out of the said [F6High Court] for removing all Proceedings which may have been had in such Action into the said [F6High Court].

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Amendments (Textual)

XXX Pleadings not to be repeated.E+W+S+N.I.

When a Cause is so removed the Pleadings in the Court below shall stand and need not be repeated in the [F8High Court] , and shall be of the same Effect there as in the Court below, and if the Pleadings are not complete in the Court below the same Pleadings shall be adopted and with the like Effect in the [F8High Court] as might have been adopted in the Court below, and the [F8High Court] shall give the same Judgment as it shall to the said Court appear ought to have been given if the Cause had been determined in the Court below, and the [F8High Court] or any Judge of One of the Superior Courts may otherwise deal with the said Causes when removed, and make such Rules and Orders in or relating to the same, as to them or him may seem just; and all Rules or Orders made by any such Judge shall be liable to be enforced, set aside, or varied by the [F8High Court] in the same Way as Judges Orders may ordinarily be enforced, set aside, or varied; and when Judgment is given in the [F8High Court], a Copy of such Judgment, signed by One of the Masters of the Court, may be lodged with the Steward, and shall thereupon become a Record of the Court below from which the Cause was removed, and shall and may be enforced by the last-mentioned Court in the same Way as if the Judgment had been given by such Court and the Cause had never been removed.

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Amendments (Textual)

XXXI Service of Subpœnas on Witnesses good in any Part of England.E+W+S+N.I.

Every Subpœna to attend and give Evidence upon any Trial in the Small Barmote Court, if served personally upon the Person required to give Evidence in any Part of England or Wales Seven clear Days at the least before the Day fixed for the holding the Court at which such Trial is to be had, shall be as valid and effectual in Law, and shall entitle the Party suing out such Subpœna to all and the like Remedies by Action, as if the same had been issued out of the [F9High Court] in any Cause depending in that Court; and in case the Person served shall not appear as required by the said Subpœna, it shall be lawful for the said Steward, upon Oath or Affirmation taken in open Court of the personal Service of such Subpœna, and of the Tender to the Person so served at the Time of such Service of a reasonable and sufficient Sum of Money to defray the Expenses of coming and attending to give Evidence, and of returning from giving such Evidence, to give to the Party complaining of such Default a Certificate of such Default under the Hand and Seal of the said Steward, and the Party complaining of such Default having obtained such Certificate may apply to the [F9High Court], and the said last-mentioned Court shall thereupon (if it seems to them just to do so) proceed by Attachment or otherwise, according to the Course and Practice of the same Court, against the Person so having made default, in like Manner as the same Court might have done if such Person had neglected or refused to appear in obedience to a Writ of Subpœna issued to compel the Attendance of Witnesses out of such last-mentioned Court, but such Certificate shall not be conclusive either of the due Service of the Subpœna or of the same having been disobeyed, or of any other Matter.

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Amendments (Textual)

XXXII Execution may be issued against Mineral Property, and the same sold by the Barmaster.E+W+S+N.I.

Where a Plaintiff obtains Judgment in an Action of Title, and the Defendant shall refuse for the Space of Three Days next after the Day on which Judgment is given to deliver Possession to the Plaintiff, it shall be lawful for the Plaintiff to apply to the Steward, and the Steward shall thereupon issue a Warrant in the Form herein-after mentioned, and the Barmaster shall forthwith execute such Warrant and deliver Possession accordingly: Provided always, that no Entry or Seizure under any such Warrant, or under the Warrant next herein-after mentioned, shall be made on a Sunday, Good Friday, or Christmas Day, or on any Day appointed for a Public Fast or Thanksgiving, or at any Time except between the Hours of Nine in the Morning and Four in the Afternoon; and where a Defendant shall for the Space of Three Days after the Day when the Judgment is given or Order made omit to pay any Debt or Damages recovered or awarded to be paid by any Judgment of the Small Barmote Court, or where either Plaintiff or Defendant shall for the Space of Three Days omit to pay any Money or Costs recovered or awarded to be paid by any such Judgment or by any Order made by the Steward, or where any Person shall omit to pay any Penalty imposed by the Steward under the Authority of this Act within the Time appointed by the Steward for Payment thereof, it shall be lawful for the Steward and he is hereby required, upon the Application of the Party in whose Favour or for whose Benefit such Judgment or Order shall have been given or made, or in the Case of a Penalty at his own Discretion, to issue a Warrant in the Form herein-after mentioned, and the Barmaster shall thereupon forthwith take possession of any Mineral Property within the Jurisdiction of the said Barmote Courts which shall belong to the Party so omitting to pay such Debt or Damages, or Money or Costs, or Penalty, and shall sell the same either by Ticket or by Public Auction, or so much thereof as may be necessary to raise the Sum mentioned in such Warrant, and the Fees and Expenses allowed by this Act for executing the same, and shall return any surplus Monies arising from such Sale that may remain, after paying such Debt or Damages, or Money or Costs, or Penalty, and Fees and Expenses as aforesaid, to the Defaulter; and if the Party against whom the Warrant issues has, before the issuing of such Warrant, in fact paid the Debt, Damages, Money, Costs, or Penalty, or any Part thereof, and the Warrant issues for too much, the Steward shall not therefore be liable to any Action, except in Cases where he issues the Warrant of his own Motion and with Knowledge of the Payment, but the Party who sues out the Warrant, or the Steward if he issues it of his own Motion, and with such Knowledge as aforesaid, shall be alone responsible in such Cases for the improper issuing of the Warrant, and for what is done thereunder; and in case the Person against whose Mineral Property such Warrant shall have been issued shall not have any Mineral Property within the Jurisdiction of the said Barmote Courts, or not sufficient to answer the Amount mentioned in such Warrant, after deducting such Fees and Expenses as aforesaid, it shall be lawful for the Person who shall have obtained such Judgment or Order, or in case of a Penalty for the Steward, to recover the Amount or Deficiency by Action of Debt in the County Court, if the Amount of the Debt or Deficiency shall not exceed Fifty Pounds, otherwise in any Superior Court [F10at the Royal Courts of Justice] ; and the Certificate of the said Steward of the Amount of the Debt or Damages, or Money or Costs, or Penalty, or of the Proportion thereof, which has not been recovered under such Warrant, shall be Evidence, but not conclusive Evidence, that the Sum therein mentioned to be not recovered was due and unpaid at the Date of such Certificate; and the Count in the Declaration in any such Action in One of the Superior Courts may be simply to the Effect that the Defendant was indebted to the Plaintiff in a Sum, naming it, by virtue of this Act, and of a Certificate thereunder granted by the Steward of the Barmote Courts of the High Peak, which Sum the Defendant had not paid.

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Amendments (Textual)

XXXIII Warrants and Executions to be returned to Steward’s Office.E+W+S+N.I.

All Warrants issued by the Steward shall be in force for One Calendar Month from the Date thereof, and shall be returned by the Barmaster to the Steward within Six Weeks from the Date thereof, with a Memorandum or Return endorsed thereon, and signed by the Barmaster, stating when it was executed, or if from any Cause the Barmaster shall have been unable to execute it, then stating why it has not been executed, and in the latter Case the Warrant may be renewed and Returns made from Time to Time until it is executed, and every renewed Warrant shall be in force for One Calendar Month from the Date thereof; and every Return to a renewed Warrant shall be made within Six Weeks after the re-issuing of the Warrant, but the Omission to return any such Warrant shall not make any One a Trespasser for having obeyed the same, nor shall it be necessary to state or prove any such Return in order to justify anything done in obedience to the same.

XXXIV Jurors at Small Barmote Courts.E+W+S+N.I.

The Barmaster, with the Assistance of his Deputies, shall every Year make out in Writing a List of not less than Forty-eight Owners or Maintainers of Mines situate within the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts, not being Members of the Grand Jury for the Time being, but being resident within the County of Derby, and fix the same upon the Door of the Court where the April Great Barmote Court is held, and shall afterwards copy such List into a Book, to be called the Jury Book, and to be kept by him, and One Week before any Small Barmote Court the Barmaster shall cause to be summoned Twenty-four Persons named in the said Book to attend at the Time and Place appointed for holding the said Small Barmote Court; and every such Summons shall be in the Form or to the Effect given in the Schedule hereto, and shall be served either personally on such Person, or by leaving it at his usual or last known Place of Abode; and no Person shall be summoned oftener than once in Three Years, unless there shall be a Deficiency in the Number of Jurors, so that a Jury could not be formed without summoning Jurors who have served within Three Years, but no Proceeding shall be held void on the Ground that a Person served on the Jury who was not liable to be summoned.

XXXV Ballot and Challenge of Jurors.E+W+S+N.I.

The Barmaster shall make a List of the Jurors so summoned, together with their Places of Abode and Conditions, and shall permit such List to be inspected by the Plaintiff and Defendant, if they shall require it, and the Barmaster shall cause the Names of the Jurors to be written severally on Slips of Paper and put into a Box, and the Names shall be drawn out of the Box by the Barmaster, and each Party may, until no more than Twelve remain, object to any Person whose Name is drawn out, without assigning any Cause, but so that not more than Six such Objections be made by either Party, and if any Objection is made to the Twelve so remaining it must be stated to, and the Validity or Invalidity thereof decided upon by, the Steward, and the Twelve first Persons to whom no Objection has been made shall be the Jury to be sworn for the Trial; and any Person against whom an Objection has been made and disallowed by the Steward shall be considered as a Person against whom no Objection has been made; and if after drawing out the Names of all the Jurors there shall not appear to be Twelve Persons against whom no Objection has been made, then the Names of all the Jurors against whom Objections have been made shall be returned to the Box, and drawn again, without any further Objection being allowed to any of them, until a sufficient Number be drawn to make a Jury of Twelve, and such Jury of Twelve shall be the Jury to be sworn for the Trial to take place at such Small Barmote Court; and the Jury so drawn as aforesaid shall be sworn by the Steward, and shall hear the Evidence of the Witnesses in the Cause, and shall be required to give an unanimous Verdict or Verdicts upon all Matters of Fact at issue in such Trial, which Matters of Fact shall be submitted by the Steward to the Jury for their Determination.

XXXVI Provision in case of more than One Cause.E+W+S+N.I.

The there shall be more than One Cause to be tried at any Small Barmote Court, the Jury sworn for the Trial of the First Cause may and shall, with the Consent of the Parties to the Second or other subsequent Causes, be sworn for and be the Jury for the Trial of such Second and subsequent Causes: Provided always, that any Party to such Second or subsequent Causes, or the Steward, may require a fresh Jury to be drawn.

XXXVII Penalty on Jurors for Nonattendance.E+W+S+N.I.

If any Person liable to serve as a Juryman in the Small Barmote Court shall have been duly summoned to attend as a Juror, and shall not attend in pursuance of such Summons, or being thrice called in Court shall not answer to his Name, or if any such Person being present in Court after having been called shall not duly appear, or, after his Appearance, shall wilfully withdraw himself from the Presence of the said Court, or shall refuse to act as a Juryman, it shall be lawful for the said Steward to impose such Penalty, not exceeding Ten Pounds, upon every such Person so making default as to the said Steward shall seem meet, unless some reasonable Excuse shall be given to the Satisfaction of the said Steward, and the Steward shall fix a Day on or before which, and a Person to whom, such Penalty shall be paid; and if such Penalty shall not be paid within the Time ordered by the said Steward, it shall be lawful for the said Steward to issue his Warrant in the Form herein-after mentioned for the levying thereof, with all the Costs and Charges attending such levying; and such Penalty may be imposed in the Absence of the Party making default, and without calling on him to show Cause why it should not be imposed; and it shall be no Objection to the Execution of such Warrant that the Party had no Notice of such Penalty, but if any Person shall think himself aggrieved by the Imposition of such Penalty or the Execution of such Warrant, the Steward may grant him such Relief as to the Steward may seem just.

XXXVIII Penalty on Grand Jurors for Nonattendance.E+W+S+N.I.

If any Person liable to act as a Grand Juryman shall have been duly summoned to attend at the Great Barmote Court, or on any other Occasion on which the Grand Jury are by this Act required to attend, and shall not attend in pursuance of such Summons, or being called shall not answer to his Name, or if any such Person being present after having been called shall not duly appear, or after his Appearance shall wilfully withdraw himself, or shall refuse to act on the Grand Jury, or to perform the Duties required of him, it shall be lawful for the said Steward to impose such Penalty, not exceeding Ten Pounds, upon every such Person so making default, as to the said Steward shall seem meet, unless some reasonable Excuse shall be given to the Satisfaction of the said Steward, and the Steward shall fix a Day on or before which, and a Person to whom, such Penalty shall be paid; and if such Penalty shall not be paid within the Time ordered by the said Steward, it shall be lawful for the said Steward to issue his Warrant in the Form herein-after mentioned for the levying thereof, with all the Costs and Charges attending such levying; and such Penalty may be imposed in the Absence of the Party making default, and without calling on him to show Cause why it should not be imposed; and it shall be no Objection to the Execution of such Warrant that the Party had no Notice of such Penalty; but if any Person shall think himself aggrieved by the Imposition of such Penalty or the Execution of such Warrant, the Steward may grant him such Relief as to the Steward may seem just.

XXXIX Exemption from serving on Jury.E+W+S+N.I.

All Persons for the Time being exempted by Law from serving on Juries shall be exempt from serving either on the Grand Jury or on any Jury for the Trial of Causes in the Small Barmote Court, notwithstanding such Persons may in other respects be qualified to serve on such Grand Jury, or on any Jury for the Trial of Causes as aforesaid.

XL Subpœnas.E+W+S+N.I.

The Parties to the Suit or any other Proceeding under this Act may obtain at or from the Office of the Steward Subpœnas to compel the Attendance of Witnesses, with or without a Clause requiring the Production of Books, Deeds, Papers, and Writings in their Possession or Control; and in any such Subpœna any Number of Names may be inserted, and such Subpœnas shall be served upon the Witnesses in like Manner as Subpœnas issuing out of the Superior Courts [F11at the Royal Courts of Justice].

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Amendments (Textual)

XLI Execution may be superseded.E+W+S+N.I.

If the Party against whom an Execution shall be issued shall, before an actual Sale of the Property seized, pay or cause to be paid or tendered unto the Barmaster the Sum or Sums of Money ordered to be levied, or such Part thereof as the Person entitled thereto shall agree to accept in full of his Debt or Damages and Costs, together with the Fees hereby allowed, the Execution shall be superseded, and the Property of the said Party shall be discharged and set at liberty.

XLII Barmaster not to be liable.E+W+S+N.I.

No Barmaster or Deputy Barmaster, and no Person acting at the Request and in aid of any Barmaster or Deputy Barmaster, shall be liable to any Action for anything done or authorized by such Barmaster or Deputy Barmaster in obedience or necessary for Obedience to any Writ, Precept, Warrant, or Process signed by the Steward and sealed with the said Seal, although the same be void or irregular or an Excess of Jurisdiction, nor shall any Act done by any such Barmaster, Deputy Barmaster, or other Person, while acting under any such Writ, Precept, Warrant, or Process, make him a Trespasser ab initio, though it be not in obedience or not necessary for Obedience to such Writ, Precept, Warrant, or Process, but the Party committing such last-mentioned Act shall be liable to an Action for the same if it be illegal.

XLIII Steward not to be liable.E+W+S+N.I.

The Steward shall not be liable to any Action for anything done in obedience or necessary for Obedience to any Writ, Warrant, Precept, or Process signed by him, and sealed with the said Seal, if such Writ, Warrant, Precept, or Process be not an Excess of his Jurisdiction.

XLIV Register of Summonses, &c.E+W+S+N.I.

The Steward shall carefully preserve the Books and Accounts mentioned in the Fifth and Fourteenth Sections, and shall also cause a Register of all Summonses, Subp^nas, Orders, Judgments, Warrants, Executions, and Returns thereto, and of all Penalties, and of all other Proceedings of the Great and Small Barmote Courts, and of all Bills of Directions, Cross Bills of Directions, Opinions of the Grand Jury, and other Proceedings on Views, to be fairly entered from Time to Time in a Book belonging to the Courts which shall be kept at the Office of the Steward; and such Entries in the said Book, or Copies thereof or of any of them, and also Copies of the Entries in the Books and Accounts mentioned in the Fifth and Fourteenth Sections, or of any Part thereof, and also Copies of the new or additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders mentioned in the Fifty-sixth Section, purporting to bear the Seal of the Court, and purporting to be signed and certified as a true Copy by the Steward, which Copies the Steward is hereby required to furnish to all Persons requiring the same, upon Payment of the Fees herein-after specified, shall at all Times be admitted in all Courts and Places whatsoever as Evidence of such Entries, Articles, Rules, and Orders, and of the Proceedings referred to by such Entry, and of the Regularity of such Proceeding, without any further Proof.

XLV Documents in Custody of Steward to be open to Inspection.E+W+S+N.I.

All Persons shall be at liberty, at convenient Times in the Daytime, to search and examine all Documents in the Custody of the Steward by virtue of this Act, upon Payment of the Fees herein-after specified.

XLVI Interpleader Clause.E+W+S+N.I.

If any Claim shall be made to or in respect of any Mineral Property taken in Execution under the Process of any Great or Small Barmote Court, or in respect of the Proceeds or Value thereof, by any Person not being the Party against whom such Process has issued, it shall be lawful for the Steward, upon the Application of the Officer charged with the Execution of such Process, as well before as after any Action brought against such Officer, to appoint and hold a Small Barmote Court, and to issue a Summons calling before the said Court as well the Party issuing such Process as the Party making such Claim; and upon the issuing of such Summons any Action which shall have been brought in any of Her Majesty’s Superior Courts of Record, or any Local or Inferior Court, in respect of such Claim, shall be stayed, and the Court in which such Action shall have been brought, or any Judge thereof, or, if the Action be in any Superior Court [F12at the Royal Courts of Justice], any Judge of any of the other Superior Courts, on Proof of the Issue of such Summons, and that such Mineral Property was so taken in Execution, may order the Party bringing such Action to pay the Costs of all Proceedings had upon such Action after the Issue of such Summons by the Steward; and if either of the Parties so summoned appear, the Steward shall, whether the other Party appear or not, adjudicate upon such Claim, and make such Order between the Parties in respect thereof, and of the Costs of the Proceedings before him, and of the Proceedings in the Action prior to such Summons, and of the Payment of Compensation to any Party by any other Party, as to him shall seem fit; and such Order, so far as the same may be for Payment of Money or Costs, shall be enforced in like Manner as any Order made in any Suit brought in the Small Barmote Court, and, so far as such Order be not for the Payment of Money or Costs, Disobedience to the same may be punished in manner following; that is to say, any Person considering himself aggrieved by such Disobedience may complain to the Steward, who may thereupon summon the disobedient Party before him, and may, if he thinks the Complaint proved, and whether the Party complained of shall appear or not, order the Party complained of to pay to the complaining Party such Sum of Money as he may think a sufficient Compensation, with or without the Costs of the Application, at his Discretion, and if he thinks the Complaint not proved he may make an Order dismissing the same Complaint, with or without Costs, at his Discretion, and the Order which the Steward shall make in the Premises may also be enforced in like Manner as any Order made in the Small Barmote Court.

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Amendments (Textual)

XLVII Penalties.E+W+S+N.I.

All Penalties imposed by virtue of this Act (except the Penalties imposed upon the Barmaster, and which are otherwise provided for,) shall be recovered by levying the same under a Warrant of the Steward upon the Mineral Property of the Person upon whom such Penalty shall be imposed, which shall be within the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts; and if the Barmaster shall make a Return to the Steward that there is no Mineral Property within such Jurisdiction, or not sufficient to raise the whole of the Penalty and the Fees and Expenses allowed for the Execution of the Warrant, then such Penalty, or so much thereof as the Produce of the Sale of such Mineral Property shall not, after paying the Fees and Expenses allowed for the Execution of the Warrant, be sufficient to satisfy, shall be recovered by Action of Debt in the County Court, such Action to be brought in the Name of the Steward; and a Certificate signed by him, and sealed with the said Seal, certifying the Imposition of such Penalty and the Amount thereof, or so much thereof as shall not have been satisfied by such Execution, shall be Evidence, but not conclusive Evidence, that the Sum therein mentioned not to be recovered was due and unpaid at the Date of the Certificate.

XLVIII Forms of Proceedings.E+W+S+N.I.

The Proceedings of the Barmote Courts shall be in the Forms given in the Second Schedule annexed to this Act, or to the like Effect, and in any Proceeding not thereby provided for it shall be lawful for the said Steward to adopt such Form as he shall think fit and applicable to such Proceeding.

XLIX Fees.E+W+S+N.I.

The Fees and Payments which shall be paid, had, and taken by the Steward, Head Barmaster, Deputy Barmasters, Grand Jury, [F13solicitors] , and other Persons, shall be such as are contained in the Third and Fourth Schedules to this Act, and no other Fee, Gratuity, or Reward whatever shall be demanded, had, or taken by any of the said Persons on any Pretence whatever.

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Amendments (Textual)

F13Word substituted by virtue of Solicitors Act 1974 (c. 47), s. 89(6)

L Application of Penalties.E+W+S+N.I.

An Account shall be kept by the Steward of all Penalties imposed upon any Person under the Authority of this Act, and such Penalties shall, except in Cases where it is by this Act otherwise provided, be received by or on account of the said Steward, and shall be paid by the said Steward, when received, as to One Moiety thereof to Her Majesty and Her Successors in right of Her said Duchy of Lancaster, and as to the other Moiety thereof to the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, if there shall be any such Lessee, and if there shall be no such Lessee then the whole of such Penalties shall be paid to Her Majesty and Her Successors in right of Her said Duchy of Lancaster; and if any Action or other Proceedings other than an Execution under the Warrant of the said Steward shall be necessary for the Recovery of any Penalty, such Action or other Proceedings shall be taken in the Name of the Steward.

LI Limitation.E+W+S+N.I.

For the Protection of Persons acting in the Execution of this Act, it is hereby declared, that all Actions and Prosecutions to be commenced against any Person for anything done in pursuance of this Act shall be laid and tried in the County where the Fact was committed, and shall be commenced within Six Calendar Months after the Fact committed, and not afterwards or otherwise; and Notice in Writing of such Action, and of the Cause thereof, shall be given to the Defendant One Calendar Month at least before the Commencement of the Action; and no Plaintiff shall recover in any such Action if Tender of sufficient Amends shall have been made before such Action brought, or if after Action brought a sufficient Sum of Money shall have been paid into Court, with Costs, by or on behalf of the Defendant; and in any such Action the Defendant may not only plead the Tender or Payment into Court, as the Case may be, but may also plead any other Plea or Pleas in bar, or a general Demurrer.

LII Removal of Proceedings.E+W+S+N.I.

No Proceedings in the said Courts or either of them, or before the Steward or Barmaster, shall be removed into any other Court by Certiorari or otherwise, except in the Cases herein provided for.

LIII Costs.E+W+S+N.I.

In any Action brought under the Provisions of this Act in the County Court, or in any of the Superior Courts, the Plaintiff and Defendant shall respectively be entitled to recover Costs in the same Cases and to the same Extent as they would be entitled if the Action were a common Action of Debt on Simple Contract in the County Court or in any of the Superior Courts respectively.

LIV Proceedings pending.E+W+S+N.I.

Nothing in this Act contained shall affect any Action, Suit, or other Proceeding now pending in any Court of Law or Equity, but such Action, Suit, or other Proceeding shall be dealt with and determined as if this Act had not been passed.

LV Parties may proceed in any other Court than Small Barmote Court.E+W+S+N.I.

Nothing in this Act contained shall preclude any Person from proceeding in any other Court, having Jurisdiction therein, in respect of any Matter hereby made triable in the Small Barmote Court.

LVI Power to make new Rules.E+W+S+N.I.

It shall be lawful for the Steward and Grand Jury at any Great Barmote Court to make such new and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders, as to them shall seem expedient for the better Regulation of the working and carrying on of the Mines within the District under the Provisions of this Act, and for the Guidance and Protection of the Mines in reference to the working and carrying on of Mines within the said District, and also for regulating the Practice and Proceedings of the Great and Small Barmote Courts, or of any Views or other Proceedings, and for the Execution of any Process of such Courts, and in relation to any of the Provisions of this Act, or of the Articles and Customs hereby established; and all such new and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders as aforesaid shall be certified under the Hand of the Steward and Seal of the said Court to the Chancellor for the Time being of Her Majesty’s Duchy of Lancaster, the same having been previously submitted to the Lessee, if any, for the Time being, of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and approved of in Writing by him; and the same shall be published for Three Weeks consecutively in some Newspaper printed in the County of Derby;and such Chancellor may, after such Publication, either allow or disallow such View and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders, or any of them; and such of the new and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders as shall be so allowed by such Chancellor shall forthwith, after the Approval thereof, be sealed with the Seal of the said Duchy of Lancaster, and laid before both Houses of Parliament, (if Parliament be then sitting, or, if Parliament be not sitting, then within Five Days after the next Meeting thereof,) and no such new or additional Custom, Article, Rule, or Order shall have effect until Six Weeks after the same shall have been so laid before both Houses of Parliament; and any new or additional Custom, Article, Rule, or Order so allowed and laid before Parliament as aforesaid shall, from and after the Expiration of such Period of Six Weeks, be of the same Force and Effect as if the same had been enacted by Authority of Parliament, unless the same shall by Vote or Resolution of either House of Parliament be objected to; and such new and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders, shall be carefully preserved by the Steward: Provided always, that such new and additional Customs, Articles, Rules, and Orders shall not in any way affect the Rights and Interests of Owners or Occupiers of Land.

LVII Saving Rights of the Crown.E+W+S+N.I.

Provided always, That, except as is herein provided, nothing in this Act contained shall extend to prejudice, diminish, alter, or take away any of the Rights, Privileges, Powers, or Authorities vested in or enjoyed by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, either in right of Her Crown or in right of Her Duchy of Lancaster.

SCHEDULES

FIRST SCHEDULE referred to;E+W+S+N.I. being A Schedule of Articles and Customs by this Act established.

1It is lawful for all the Subjects of this Realm to search for, sink, and dig Mines or Veins or Lead Ore upon, in, or under all Manner of Lands of whose Inheritance soever they may be (Churches, Churchyards, Places for Public Worship, Burial Grounds, Dwelling Houses, Orchards, Gardens, Pleasure Grounds, and Highways excepted), but if no Vein of Ore be found, and the Person making Search discontinues it for Fourteen Days, the Land must be levelled and made good by the Person making the Search within the Space of Six Days after the Expiration of the said Fourteen Days, or the Owner of such Land may level and make good the same, and recover the Expenses thereof from the Miner in an Action of Debt in the Small Barmote Court, or in the County Court: Provided always, that nothing herein contained shall prevent or hinder the Miner from following and working his Vein, and searching for and getting Lead Ore under such excepted Places as aforesaid; but in case by so doing he shall damage or injure any such excepted Places or the Surface thereof, the Owner or reputed Owner and Occupier may recover from such Miner Compensation for such Damage or Injury, by Action in the County Court if the Damage shall not exceed Fifty Pounds, or otherwise by Action in the Superior Courts; but in case the Owner or reputed Owner or Occupier of such excepted Place as aforesaid apprehends that such working will endanger the Security of such excepted Places, the Steward and Grand Jury shall have Power to suspend the working of such Vein, or to direct the working thereof, so as to prevent such Damage.E+W+S+N.I.

2In all Cases the Landowner shall have Power to sell and dispose of the Calk, Feagh, Spar, and other Minerals and Rubbish (except Lead Ore), and to remove the same from his Land so soon as the Lead Ore has been extracted from it, when and as often as he thinks proper, and when not required for the Use of the Mine, but not so as to destroy or injure any Mineral Property, without the Consent of the Barmaster and any Two Members of the Grand Jury.E+W+S+N.I.

3The Barmaster and every Deputy Barmaster shall provide a Dish or Measure which shall contain Fifteen Pints of Water, and be adjusted in the Presence of Two of the Grand Jury, for measuring the Ore, and they shall forfeit the Sum of Two Pounds every Time they are required to measure Ore of any Mine and are unprovided with such Dish or Measure, such Penalty of Two Pounds to be recovered and received for his own Use by the Person who shall have required the Ore to be measured, by an Action in the County Court.E+W+S+N.I.

4The Barmaster, together with Two of the Grand Jury, shall provide the Miners a Way, either for Foot Passengers or Carts as may be required, from the nearest Highway to the Mine, and also from the Mine to the nearest running Stream, Spring, or natural Pond of Water, such Ways to be set out in as short a Course as may be practicable and reasonable. No Compensation is to be claimed by the Occupier or Landowner for such Ways, but such Ways are not to be considered public, and the Use thereof is to be limited to Persons and Purposes connected with the Mine, and all Rights of Way are to cease when the Mine shall be no longer worked. The Parties entitled to use the Way may make sufficient Ways for Use, and keep the same in repair, and may also use for Mining Purposes the Water from the nearest running Stream, Spring, or natural Pond.E+W+S+N.I.

5Every Miner shall, so long as his Mine shall be worked, be entitled, without making any Payment for the same, to the exclusive Use of so much Surface Land as shall be thought necessary by the Barmaster and Two of the Grand Jury and be set out by them, for the Purpose of laying Rubbish, dressing his Ore, briddling, making Meers or Ponds, and conveying Water thereto, and any other Mining Purposes. The Miner shall in all Cases, before he commences any Search or uses any Land, make Fences sufficient for the Protection of Cattle from any Injury which might arise from his Operations, and keep such Fences in sufficient Repair.E+W+S+N.I.

6Any Person may transfer his Interest in any Mine or Vein to any other Person by causing an Entry of such Transfer to be made by the Barmaster in the Book to be kept by him as mentioned in the Fourteenth Section, and such Transfer, when so entered, shall be valid and effectual.E+W+S+N.I.

7When Ore has been raised by any Miner, and he shall desire such Ore to be measured, the Miner shall give the Barmaster Twenty-four Hours Notice of the Time he intends to measure; and if the Barmaster neglect or refuse to attend, then the Miner may employ any Two Persons, One of them being on the Grand Jury, who shall measure such Ore, and lay the Duties aside, for the Use of the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee, for the Use of Her Majesty and Her Successors.E+W+S+N.I.

8No Person shall sell any Ore, or remove any Ore from the Mine, unless and until the same shall have been measured by the Barmaster, or by such Two Persons as aforesaid in the event of the Non-attendance of the Barmaster, upon pain of forfeiting the full Value thereof to the Lessee of the Duties of Lot and Cope, or if there shall be no such Lessee, then to Her Majesty or Her Successors; and in case of Nonpayment of such Value, after Six clear Days Notice requiring the same shall have been given by the Barmaster to the Miner, or affixed in or upon some Part of the Mine or the Works thereof, the Mine at which such Ore was got shall be forfeited to the Lessee of the said Duties, and if there shall be no such Lessee, then to Her Majesty and Her Successors; and Possession thereof may be recovered in Manner herein-after provided.E+W+S+N.I.

9The Duties heretofore called the Duties of Lot and Cope are and shall be payable to Her Majesty and Her Successors, or to Her or Their Lessee for the Time being. The Duty called Lot is and shall be One Thirteenth Part of all Ore raised within the Jurisdiction of the Barmote Courts as hereby declared and established, such Thirteenth Part to be set apart and taken by the Barmaster when he measures any Ore; and the Duty called Cope is and shall be the Sum of Fourpence for every Load of Ore measured at any Mine within the Jurisdiction aforesaid, the Measure of such Load being Nine Dishes of Ore, whereof each Dish shall be of Capacity sufficient to hold Fifteen Pints of Water. The said Duties of Lot and Cope are and shall be payable in addition to the Payments mentioned in any other Article comprised in this Schedule. And if any Person shall neglect or refuse to pay the said Duty of Cope, the same may be recovered by the Barmaster, on behalf of Her Majesty and Her Successors, or of Her or Their Lessee for the Time being, by Action of Debt in the Small Barmote Court, or by Action in the County Court.E+W+S+N.I.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Reference to fourpence to be read as referring to equivalent amount in new currency: Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

10If any new Vein be found by any Miner or any other Person whatsoever, the First Finder shall be entitled to Two Meers in Length of the said Vein, One Meer on each Side of the Founder to be measured and set out by the Barmaster, in the Presence of Two of the Grand Jury, on the Surface of the Ground within Six Days after Notice given to him by the Finder, and the Third Meer shall belong to the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee then to Her Majesty and Her Successors, to be set out in like Manner at either Extremity of the said Two Meers at the Option of the Barmaster; and the Finder shall be entitled to each subsequent Meer in such Vein, each Way, to the Extent he shall claim or require at the Time of freeing. The Founder, Meers, and the Barmaster shall enter the Particulars of the Gift in his Book; and if the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee, then if Her Majesty or Her Successors, neglect or refuse duly and reasonably to work the Meer so set out to such Lessee or Her Majesty or Her Successors as aforesaid, the Finder shall have the Right to purchase the said Meer at such Price as the Steward and Grand Jury may fix and determine, or the Finder may continue and maintain his Workings through the said Meer, upon laying aside for the Use of the Lessee or Her Majesty, as the Case may be, all the Ore that may be gotten therein, after deducting the Expenses of getting the same.E+W+S+N.I.

11The Barmaster shall not set out any Ground under the Tenth Article until Ore shall have been raised from the Mine for which such Ground shall be required, nor until there shall have been paid to the Lessee for the Time being of the Duties of Lot and Cope, or if there shall be no such Lessee, to Her Majesty and Her Successors, the first customary Payment due to him, her, or them, such first customary Payment being so much Ore as shall be sufficient to fill the Dish or Measure mentioned in the Third Article, and being called the Freeing Dish; and the Miner shall pay to the Lessee for the Time being of the said Duties, and if there be no such Lessee, to Her Majesty and Her Successors, a similar Dish of Ore for every third and subsequent Meer which he shall reach of the Vein in which he is working.E+W+S+N.I.

12If any Miner shall work any Mine or Vein without having duly freed the same as provided by the Eleventh Article, or shall commit any Trespass in any Meer belonging to the Lessee of the Duties of Lot and Cope, or to Her Majesty and Her Successors, the Mine or Vein which shall have been so worked without having been freed, or the Mine or Vein of which the Meer in which such Trespass shall have been committed shall form a Part, shall be forfeited to the Lessee of the Duties of Lot and Cope, and if there shall be no such Lessee, then to Her Majesty and Her Successors, and Possession thereof may be recovered on behalf of such Lessee or of Her Majesty and Her Successors, as the Case may be, by Action of Title in the Small Barmote Court in the Name of the Barmaster.E+W+S+N.I.

13If any Vein shall cross another Vein, the Miner who comes to the Pee or Intersection first shall have such Pee or Intersection, and may work therein as far as he can reach with a Pick or Hack, such Pick or Hack having a Helve or Shaft Three Quarters of a Yard long, so that he stands wholly within the Cheeks of his own Vein when he works such Pee or Intersection.E+W+S+N.I.

14When Two Veins approach each other but are parted with a Rither, and such Veins continue asunder for One Meer or further in Length without any Joint of Ore or other Mineral crossing the same (such Joint of Ore or other Mineral not being a new Vein), and the Rither during that Distance in all Parts exceeds Three Feet in Thickness, then they are to be considered and treated as Two distinct Veins so long as they so continue asunder, but whenever they again meet the elder or prior Title shall take the Vein.E+W+S+N.I.

15In any Dispute where the Priority of Title shall come in question the longest continued Ownership shall prevail, but all Gifts from the Barmaster shall be considered as the Origin and Commencement of the Title, and Workmanship prior to such Gift (if any) shall not avail; and in all Cases the Jury on the Trial shall decide the Fact of such Priority.E+W+S+N.I.

16If any Person shall claim Title to any Mine, the Claimant may commence an Action in the Small Barmote Court, by causing a Plaint to be entered in the Book mentioned in the Fifth Section; and if any Miner shall commit a Trespass in the Mine or Vein of any other Person, the Person aggrieved may commence an Action in the Small Barmote Court, by causing a Plaint to be entered in an Action of Trespass, and may proceed to Trial in the Small Barmote Court, and shall there recover Possession of the said Mine in the Action of Title, or Damages to be assessed by the Jury for the said Trespass; and any Person claiming a Debt against a Miner for Articles furnished to a Mine, or for Mining Purposes, or for Work or Labour in, upon, or in respect of any Mineral Property, may cause a Plaint to be entered in an Action of Debt, and shall annex the Particulars of his Debt to the Summons, and proceed to Trial in the Small Barmote Court, and shall there recover such Amount, if any, as upon Proof shall appear to be due to him; but no Evidence shall be admitted of any Items in an Action of Debt not mentioned in the Particulars annexed to the Summons.E+W+S+N.I.

17No Miner or other Person shall, except as herein-after mentioned, bring more than One Action of Title to recover the same Mine, and a Nonsuit shall be deemed of the same Effect as a Judgment for the Defendant; but in Actions of Trespass or Debt the Plaintiff, if nonsuited, shall be allowed to commence a fresh Action: Provided always, that the Steward shall in any Case whatever, whether of Title, Trespass, or Debt, have the Power, if he shall think fit, to order a new Trial to be had, upon such Terms as he shall think reasonable, and in the meantime to stay the Proceedings.E+W+S+N.I.

18Every Meer of Ground shall contain Thirty-two Yards in Length; and the Miner shall be entitled to take and have set out for him any Proportion of a Meer, upon freeing the same, by Payment of an Amount of Ore proportionate to the Amount payable upon freeing a whole Meer.E+W+S+N.I.

19The Barmaster, if he finds any Mine or Vein neglected and not wrought, and not hindered by Water or for Want of Air, shall, if required so to do by any Person or Persons, send to the Owner or reputed Owner, where known to him, and if not known to him, then put up in some conspicuous Place within the Liberty in which the Mine or Vein is situate, a Notice that such Mine or Vein will, at the Expiration of Three Weeks, if not duly and reasonably worked to the Satisfaction of the Barmaster and Grand Jury, and no other sufficient Reason assigned to them, be forfeited; and if at the Expiration of the said Three Weeks the Mine or Vein is not so worked, the Barmaster, in the Presence of Two of the Grand Jury, may give such Mine or Vein to any Person or Persons willing to work the same; provided that nothing herein contained shall authorize the Barmaster to give away such Mine or Vein if the Owner thereof be unable to work the same by reason of such Mine or Vein being under Water, or for Want of Air, so long as the Owner thereof is using efficient and diligent Means to the Satisfaction of the Barmaster and Grand Jury to relieve such Mine or Vein.E+W+S+N.I.

20If any Person has Shares in a Mine, and refuses to join his Partners or the Owners of the other Shares in working the same, or to pay his Proportion of the Expenses of working the same for the Space of Six Days after the same has been demanded by the Party complaining or his Agent, he shall forfeit his Part and Share to his Partners, who shall be entitled to recover the same against such defaulting Owner in an Action of Title in the Small Barmote Court, and the only Evidence necessary in such Action to enable the Plaintiff to obtain Judgment shall be Proof that the Plaintiff has worked the said Mine, and the Amount of the Expenses incurred, and a Demand of Payment of Defendant’s Share thereof as aforesaid, and the Neglect or Refusal of Defendant to pay it for the Space of Six Days after the Demand; and it shall be no Defence to such Action that the Plaintiff is Partner or joint Owner with the Defendant in the Mine or Shares sought to be recovered.E+W+S+N.I.

21If any Person be possessed of any Mine, and be working the same, and any other Person claims Title thereto, such Claimant shall, within the Space of Three Calendar Months next after he shall have had Notice of the same being in open Workmanship, and at all events within Six Calendar Months after the same shall have been in open Workmanship, whether he shall have had Notice or not, assert his Claim by an Action of Title in the Small Barmote Court, or else such Claim shall be barred.E+W+S+N.I.

22If the Barmaster shall, in any Matter connected with the Duties of his Office, require a View to be made by the Grand Jury, or if the Plaintiff or Defendant in any Action of Title or Trespass in the Small Barmote Court, or if any Miner or other Person shall for any Purpose require a View to be made of the Mine or Works of any Person whomsoever, then and in each and every of such Cases a View shall be made, and the Person so requiring a View shall, when the Grand Jury are assembled, deliver to the Steward a Bill of Directions describing the Mine or particular Part or Parts of a Mine, or Ground or Works, or other Matters or Things, which the Grand Jury are required to view, and stating the Question upon which their Opinion is required, but such Bill of Directions shall contain no Argument or Comment whatever, and thereupon the Steward shall openly read the said Bill of Directions to the Grand Jury, and, if the same is in the Opinion of the Steward properly framed, deliver it to One of the Grand Jury, who shall take the same with him for the Guidance of himself and the rest of the Grand Jury in making their View; but if any Person affected by the said Proceeding object to the said Bill of Directions or to any Cross Bill delivered as herein-after mentioned as containing Matter of Argument, Assertion, or Comment not being a Description of the Mine, Ground, or Works, or other Matters or Things to be viewed, or a Statement of the Question necessary for the Guidance of the Grand Jury in making their View, the Steward before delivering the Bill or Cross Bill to the Grand Jury shall in all Cases decide upon the Validity of such Objections, and if he thinks the same well founded shall cause the Bill or Cross Bill to be altered and corrected in such Manner as the Steward shall think right, and after making such View such of the Grand Jury as shall concur in Opinion shall in answer to such Bill and Cross Bill, if any, write their Opinion and sign it, and such of the Grand Jury as shall not concur in Opinion with any of their fellow Jurymen shall write separate Opinions and sign them, so that the Signature of each of the Grand Jury shall be affixed either to his own separate Opinion or to that of himself and some other or others of the said Grand Jury; and the said Bill and Cross Bill, if any, with the Opinions, shall be delivered to the Steward, who shall thereupon openly read the same in the Presence of the Grand Jury and of the Person or Persons who shall have preferred such Bill or Cross Bill; and such Bill and Cross Bill, if any, and the Opinions thereon, shall be kept by the Steward with the Documents of the Barmote Courts, but the Steward shall, if required by the Plaintiff or Defendant in the Action in which the View shall have been had, permit such Bill and Cross Bill, if any, and the Opinions thereon, or either of them, to be used by such Plaintiff or Defendant for the Purpose of Evidence on the Trial of the Action: Provided always, that no Plaintiff or Defendant in any Action shall be entitled to require a View unless he shall have given Notice thereof in Writing to the Barmaster Six clear Days at the least before the Day appointed for the Trial; and the Expenses of Views shall be paid in manner herein-after mentioned, that is to say, in Cases where the Barmaster shall require such View the Expense shall be borne by the Owner of the Mine or other Matter to be viewed, provided the Steward shall consider that such View was properly required by the Barmaster, and shall allow such Expenses; and in Cases where the View shall be required by a Plaintiff or Defendant in any Action, the Expenses of such View shall be Costs in the Cause, and abide the Event of the Action; and in all other Cases the Expenses shall be paid by the Person requiring the View, if no Cross Bill is presented, and if a Cross Bill is presented, then in equal Proportions by the Person requiring the View and the Person presenting the Cross Bill. Any Person who may be affected by the Proceedings at any View may appoint a Shower to accompany the Grand Jury, and to show on his Behalf the Place to be viewed.E+W+S+N.I.

23Any Person who may be affected by the Opinion of the Grand Jury on any View may, if he thinks fit, at the same View deliver a Bill of Directions to the said Grand Jury, which second Bill shall be called a Cross Bill of Directions, in similar Form to the original Bill, stating the Question on which their Opinion is requested, and the Steward shall in like Manner, immediately after reading the original Bill, read over such Cross Bill, and deliver the same to One of the Grand Jury to take to the Mine or Ground for the Guidance of himself and the rest of the Grand Jury.E+W+S+N.I.

24When a Bill of Directions and also a Cross Bill shall be delivered to the Grand Jury at the same View, it shall not be requisite for them to write their Opinions until they have completed the View on the Cross Bill, unless they think proper to do so, and in no Case shall it be competent for the Grand Jury to examine any Evidence produced by either Party.E+W+S+N.I.

25If any Person shall obstruct the Grand Jury in viewing any Mine or Works, the Grand Jury shall state such Fact in Writing, and return such Writing signed by any One or more of them, together with the Bill of Directions, and Cross Bill, if any, to the Steward, and the Person so obstructing shall forfeit by way of Penalty such Sum not exceeding Twenty Pounds as the Steward shall think fit to impose, and the Steward shall have Power to impose a fresh Penalty every Day on which such Obstruction is repeated; and if any such Penalty be not paid within Three Days after the same shall be imposed, the Steward shall issue his Warrant for levying the same. Before imposing any such Penalty, the Steward shall give to the Offender Seven clear Days Notice to show Cause, at a Time and Place situate within the Hundred of the High Peak, to be named in such Notice, why a Penalty should not be imposed.E+W+S+N.I.

26If any Person shall, by virtue of any Sough Engine or other Means, unwater or give Relief to any Mine or Vein which may be under Water and the further working thereof be hindered, the Owner of any such Mine so relieved shall from Time to Time, so long as such Relief be continued, deliver to the Person giving such Relief as aforesaid such Part and Portion of all the Ore which at any Time thereafter shall be got and raised in such Mine or Vein under the Level at which such Relief was given, as the Barmaster and Grand Jury may from Time to Time fix and determine; such Part and Portion of the said Ore to be delivered and dressed and made merchantable by the Owner of such Mine, without any fraudulent Concealment or wilful Diminution, and to be discharged and free from all Charges in getting and dressing; and the Value of such Ore, if it shall not exceed Fifty Pounds, shall be recoverable in the County Court, or, if such Value shall exceed Fifty Pounds, in One of the Superior Courts [F14at the Royal Courts of Justice].E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

27Any Person having Two or more Veins lying contiguous to each other, or connected by any Shafts, Gaits, or Ways, may, with the Consent in Writing of the Barmaster or Grand Jury, consolidate the Titles to such Veins, and an Entry shall be made in the Barmaster’s Book to the Effect that the Titles to such Veins are thenceforth consolidated, and the said Veins shall from the Time of such Entry in the said Book be considered and treated as held under One; and the new Title of the said consolidated Veins, and nothing herein contained, shall prejudice or affect the Right or Title of any Person to any Mine or Vein which may have been heretofore united to or consolidated with any other Mine or Vein, and that the Possession or working of any of the Mines or Veins in such consolidated Titles respectively shall be considered as the working of the whole thereof, and so long as any Part thereof be so worked the same shall not be liable to be operated upon by the Barmaster in pursuance of the Nineteenth Article.E+W+S+N.I.

28If the Grand Jury shall be summoned to any View by any Person, not being Plaintiff or Defendant in any Action in the Small Barmote Court, for the Purpose of delivering their Opinion as to whether any other Person is working in any Mineral Ground belonging to the Persons so summoning the Grand Jury, and the Majority of the Grand Jury assembled at any such View, shall give it as their Opinion that such is in all probability the Case, but that for Want of Workmanship the Fact does not yet clearly appear, it shall be lawful for the Steward to require such other Person to give to the Steward Security for the Value of all Ore which may be gotten in his Workings thenceforth, until such Time as sufficient Working shall have been done to make the Truth appear; and unless Security shall be given unto and to the Satisfaction of the Steward, it shall be lawful for him to direct and authorize the Barmaster to retain all Ore gotten in the Workings of such other Person so failing to give Security, until such Security shall be given, or until sufficient further Working shall have been done to enable the Grand Jury at any adjourned View to form a satisfactory Opinion; and if the Grand Jury assembled at any such adjourned View, or the Majority of those so assembled, shall state their Opinion to be that the Workings of the Person originally summoning the Grand Jury and of such other Person form one and the same Title, the Steward shall thereupon order the Barmaster to deliver to the Person who shall have originally summoned the Grand Jury the Ore which shall have been so retained as aforesaid, or, if Security shall have been given as aforesaid, then the Person who shall have originally summoned the Grand Jury shall be entitled to the Benefit of such Security, to the Extent of the Value of the Ore which shall have been gotten by such other Person as aforesaid since the original View, and shall be entitled to use the Name of the Steward, if necessary, for enforcing such Security, and if either Party feels himself aggrieved, such Party may prosecute his Claim in the Small Barmote Court.E+W+S+N.I.

SECOND SCHEDULE;E+W+S+N.I. containing FORMS OF PROCEEDINGS.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court. Form of PlaintE+W+S+N.I.

Plaintiff’s Name.Plaintiff’s Place of Abode and Calling.Defendant’s Name.Defendant’s Place of Abode and Calling.Nature of Action.
John Smith –Castleton –Richard DavisHucklow –Action of Title, Trespass, or Debt, as the Case may be.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court. Summons in Title.E+W+S+N.I.

To C.D. (the Defendant).

You are hereby summoned to appear at a Small Barmote Court to be held at on the Day of at the Suit of A.B., Plaintiff in an Action of Title in the High Peak Small Barmote Court, respecting. &c. [describe the Mine claimed].

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

E.T., Steward.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court. Summons in Trespass or Debt.E+W+S+N.I.

To C.D., the Defendant.

You are hereby summoned to appear at a Small Barmote Court to be held at on the Day of in an action of Trespass in the Small Barmote Court, at the Suit of A.B., for £ Damages for a Trespass committed by you at [if in Debt, say, “in an Action of Debt in the High Peak Small Barmote Court for the Sum of £ (the Sum claimed) for Goods sold and delivered,” “Wages”or, as the Case may be, the Particulars whereof are hereto annexed].

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

E.T., Steward.

Form of Particulars in an Action of Debt to be annexed to the Summons or written at the Foot thereof.E+W+S+N.I.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3References to amounts in old currency to be read as referring to equivalent amounts in new currency: Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

Particulars of the Debt for which this Action is commenced.

1850:

£ s. d.
January 3.To One Barrel of Powder, 50lbs. at 6d. per lb.1 5 0
[Add all other Items making up Debt.]
[If for Wages or Work done.]
To driving Seven Fathoms in West Forefield [describe Work], at 1l. 5s. per Fathom8 15 0
5th to 15th.To working Nine Shifts, at 2s. 3d. per Shift1 0 3
30th.To Four Weeks Wages, at 12s. per Week2 8 0
To Six Days Work, Man and Horse [or Cart] grinding [or leading] describing Work, at 5s. 6d. per Day1 13 0
£

Above are the Particulars of Debt in this Action. As witness my Hand.

A.B., or

A.B. by E.F. his [F15Solicitor]

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Amendments (Textual)

F15Word substituted by virtue of Solicitors Act 1974 (c. 47), s. 89(6)

or Agent.

Judgment against Defendant for Payment of Debt or Damages.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court, held at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, the Day of

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

After hearing this Cause, it is, on the Day of [insert Day when Judgment is given], adjudged that the said Plaintiff do recover against the said Defendant the Sum of £ for his Debt [or Damages by him sustained], together with the Costs of the Suit amounting to the Sum of £

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Judgment against Plaintiff.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court, held at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, the Day of

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

It is, on the Day of adjudged that Judgment do pass against the said Plaintiff, and that the said Defendant do recover against the said Plaintiff £ for the Costs incurred by the said Defendant in his Defence of this Action.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Judgment in case of Nonsuit.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court, held at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, the Day of

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

It is, on the Day of adjudged that Judgment by way of Nonsuit do pass against the said Plaintiff, and that the said Defendant do recover against the Plaintiff the Sum of £ for the Costs incurred by the said Defendant in his Defence of this Action.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Judgment for Recovery of PossessionE+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court, held at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

After the Hearing of this Cause, it is, on the Day of adjudged that the said Plaintiff do recover against the said Defendant Possession of a certain Mine at together with the Costs of the Suit amounting to the Sum of £

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Execution against the Goods of Defendant.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

Whereas at a Small Barmote Court duly holden at within the Jurisdiction of the said Court before the Steward of the said Court the said Plaintiff, by the Judgment of the said Court, on the Day of recovered against the said Defendant the Sum of £ for a certain Debt before that Time due and owing to the said Plaintiff [or for certain Damages by him sustained,or Possession of a certain Mine situate, & c.], together with the Sum of £ for Costs of the Suit by the said Plaintiff in that Behalf expended: And whereas Three Days have elapsed since the Day on which such Judgment was given: And whereas the Sum of £or the Sum of £ being Part of the said Sum of £ has not been paid to the said Plaintiff: These are therefore to require and order you forthwith to make and levy the said Sum of £ , together with the lawful Fees and Expenses allowed by the “High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851,” by Distress and Sale of the Mineral Property of the said Defendant wheresoever it may be found within the Jurisdiction of this Court.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

To the Barmaster of the By the Court,

High Peak. A.B., Steward.

Execution against the Goods of Plaintiff.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

Whereas at a Small Barmote Court duly holden at within the Jurisdiction of the said Court the said Defendant on the Day of by the Judgment of the said Court, recovered against the said Plaintiff £ for his Costs of Defence of an Action of Title, Trespass, or Debt: And whereas Three Days have elapsed since the Day on which such Judgment was given: And whereas the said Sum of £ has not been paid to the said Defendant: You are therefore required to make and levy the said Sum of £ , together with the lawful Fees and Expenses allowed by the High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851 by Distress and Sale of the Mineral Property of the said Plaintiff wheresoever it may be found within the Jurisdiction of this Court.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

To the Barmaster of the By the Court,

High Peak.A.B., Steward.

Warrant for Recovery of Possession.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

Whereas after the Hearing of this Cause it was, on the Day of at a Court holden at within the Jurisdiction of this Court, adjudged that the said Plaintiff should recover against the said Defendant Possession of a certain Mine at And whereas the said Defendant has not delivered up Possession of the said Mine, and Three Days have elapsed since such Judgment was recovered: You are therefore required to give Possession of the said Mine to the said Plaintiff.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of

To the Barmaster of the By the Court,

High Peak. A.B., Steward.

Summons to Grand Jurors to attend the Great Barmote Court or on a View.E+W+S+N.I.

You are hereby required to attend the High Peak Great Barmote Court to be held at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, or to attend the Barmaster on a View, to be held at on the Day of

Dated this Day of 185

A.B., Barmaster, or

To C.D. Deputy Barmaster.

Summons to Jurors to attend Small Barmote Court.E+W+S+N.I.

You are hereby required to attend the High Peak Small Barmote Court at at o’Clock in the Forenoon, to serve as a Juror on the Trial of Causes at the said Court; and if you fail herein you will be liable to a Penalty not exceeding £10, to be levied on your Mineral Property.

Dated this Day of 185

A.B., Barmaster, or

To C.D. [add Residence.] Deputy Barmaster.

Bill of Directions on a View.E+W+S+N.I.

To the Grand Jury for the High Peak Barmote Courts, met at within the Hundred of High Peak in the County of Derby, on the Day of 185

You are desired by C.D. [Party calling the Jury] to view, &c. [describing the Mine, or particular Parts of the Mine, or the Works, or other Matters or Things, which the Jury are required to view], and then give your Opinion whether, &c., clearly stating the Question upon which the Opinions of the Grand Jury are required.

If the Grand Jury are required to dial the Mine, add “and you are requested to dial the said Mine, commencing, &c. [describing the Limits within which such Dialling is to be made], and to lay out your Dialling on the Surface, and to deliver your Dial Card, with your Opinion, to the Steward.”

Return of Grand Jury to a Bill or Cross Bill of Directions.E+W+S+N.I.

We the Grand Jury [where all agree in Opinion, or, We [or I] the undersigned Members [or Member] of the Grand Jury, where there is Difference of Opinion] for the High Peak Barmote Courts, assembled this Day of to view, &c., having had a Bill [or Cross Bill] of Directions given to us, do declare, That we have proceeded to view, &c., as directed by the said Bill [or Cross Bill], and do declare our [or my] Opinion to be that, &c., giving their [or his] Opinion clearly on the Question proposed]. As witness our [or my] Hands [or Hand].

Signatures.

Memorandum to be added after the Signatures of the Majority, where One or more of the Grand Jury do not concur in the Return.

We [or I] the undersigned do not concur in the above Return, and are [or am] of opinion that, &c., stating their [or his] Opinion clearly on the Question proposed.

As witness our [or my] Hands [or Hand].

Signatures.

Form of Notice in pursuance of the Twenty-fifth Article of the Customs.E+W+S+N.I.

You are hereby required to attend at on the Day of before the Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, to show cause why a Penalty should not be imposed upon you for obstructing the Grand Jury on the Day of

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of 185

A.B., Steward.

Form for imposing any Penalty which may be imposed under the Act.E+W+S+N.I.

I, Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, do hereby, by virtue of the High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851, impose on C.D. the Sum of £ as a Penalty for an Offence by him committed against the said Act, and I order him to pay the said Sum to on or before the Day of in the Year of our Lord 185

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of 185

A.B., Steward.

Warrant to levy any Penalty or Sum of Money that may be imposed or ordered to be paid under the Act.E+W+S+N.I.

Whereas on the Day of a certain Sum of £ was ordered to be paid by A.B. to C.D. by the Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, or a certain Penalty of £ was imposed upon A.B. by the Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, for an Offence against the High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851, and such Sum of £ or Penalty was ordered to be paid to on or before the Day of and the same has not been paid.

You are therefore required to levy on the Mineral Property of the said A.B. within the Jurisdiction of the said Barmote Court the said Sum of £ or Penalty of £ together with the lawful Fees and Expenses allowed by the “High Peak Mining Customs and Mineral Courts Act 1851.”

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185

To the Barmaster of the

High Peak. A.B., Steward.

Barmasters Return of Execution of any Warrant.E+W+S+N.I.

I A.B., Barmaster of the High Peak, in obedience to the within-written Warrant, and by Authority of the same, did on the Day of 185 execute the same [by delivering to the Plaintiff within named Possession of, &c.], or [by levying the Sum of £ within mentioned, together with £ the Fees and Expenses allowed for the Execution thereof, by Sale of, &c.], and the said Sum of £ has been applied by me in discharging the Fees and Expenses of the said Levy, and the said Sum of £ has been paid by me to

As Witness my Hand, this Day of 185

Return that Barmaster has been unable to execute any WarrantE+W+S+N.I.

I A.B., Barmaster of the High Peak, do make this Return to the Steward of the High Peak Barmote Court within mentioned, and declare, that I have not yet been able to execute the within Warrant, by reason that the within-named Defendant hath no Mineral Property within the Jurisdiction of this Court, or, if Part only has been levied, that I have levied the Sum of £ and no more, by Sale of the Mineral Property of the within-named Plaintiff, or Defendant, and he hath no Mineral Property within the Jurisdiction whereof I can levy any Part of the Residue. As witness my Hand, this Day of 185

Subpoena.E+W+S+N.I.

A.B., Steward of the High Peak Barmote Courts, to greeting. You and every of you are hereby required personally to attend at the Small Barmote Court to be holden at on the Day of next, by of the Clock in the Forenoon of the same Day [if the Witness is required to bring with him any Documents, describe them here], to testify the Truth according to your Knowledge in a certain Action in the Barmote Court now depending between Plaintiff and Defendant in an Action of [Title, Trespass, or Debt, as the Case may be], at the said Court to be tried. Should you fail herein you will be liable to be proceeded against in like Manner as for Disobedience to a Subpoena issuing out of the [F16High Court].

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185 A.B., Steward.

Order to adjourn Proceedings either in the Great or Small Barmote Court or before the Steward.E+W+S+N.I.

It is ordered, That the Proceeding in this Matter [whatever it be, stating it] be adjourned until [add, if necessary, and that do pay to Costs, or other the Terms, if any, upon which the Adjournment is made].

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185 By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Order to stay Proceedings.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

It is ordered, That all further Proceedings in this Action be stayed.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185 By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Order for a new Trial.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court, held at the Day of

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

It is ordered, That the Judgment in this Case, and all subsequent Proceedings thereon, be set aside, and a new Trial had between the Parties [here state the Terms and Conditions, if any, of such new Trial].

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185 By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Summons on Interpleader.E+W+S+N.I.

In the High Peak Small Barmote Court.

Between A.B., Plaintiff,

and

C.D., Defendant.

Whereas E.F. of hath made a Claim to certain Mineral Property which has been seized and taken in Execution under and by virtue of Process issuing out of this Court in this Action: You are therefore hereby summoned and required to be and appear before the Steward of the said Court at on the Day of at the Hour of , when the said Claim will be adjudicated upon, and such Order made thereupon as to the Steward shall seem fit.

Given under the Seal of the Court, this Day of in the Year 185

By the Court,

A.B., Steward.

Note.—This Summons is to be served upon the Party claiming the Property seized, and upon the Plaintiff or Defendant in the Action, according as the Execution may have been issued on behalf of Plaintiff or Defendant. If the Execution has been issued to levy a Penalty, this Form must be altered to suit the Circumstances, and the Summons must in that Case be served upon the Party owing the Penalty and the Claimant.

THIRD SCHEDULE;E+W+S+N.I. being list of fees to be allowed on taxation under this Act

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4References to amounts in old currency to be read as referring to equivalent amounts in new currency: Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

To the Steward.

£ s. d.
For attending View by Grand Jury1 1 0
For entering every Plaint, issuing every Summons or Subp^na0 2 6
For swearing every Witness in a Cause0 1 0
For every Warrant to deliver Possession, or to levy any Debt or Damages, or Money or Costs, or Penalty0 2 6
For a certified Copy of any Proceeding in the Great or Small Barmote Court0 5 0
For Copy of any Entry or Accounts0 0 6
For any Search amongst or Examination of the Documents in the Custody of the Steward0 1 0
Mileage, 1s. a Mile from his Place of Residence to the Place where the Court is held, such Mileage in no Case to exceed 1l.

To [F17solicitors].

£ s. d.
For attending every Witness examined in Court, and taking down his Evidence0 6 8
Drawing Brief, 6s. 8d. per Sheet.
Making fair Copy thereof. (Half Charge allowed for drawing.)
For attending Court on the Trial, and conducting same2 2 0
And also Mileage, 1s. per Mile, from his Place of Residence to the Place where the Court is held, such Mileage in no Case to exceed 1l.
For every copy of Subpoena0 1 0
If Duces Tecum, additional.
For attending to serve every Witness with Subpoena0 2 6
And 1s. per Mile from [F17solicitor’s] Residence, if Witness resides within the Hundred of High Peak, such Mileage in no Case to exceed 1l.; if in any other Place, the Sum paid to any Agent employed to serve same, provided such Sum be approved and allowed by the Steward.
Such Fees to Counsel as the Steward shall think reasonable, and allow on Taxation.
To the Barmaster of the High Peak.
For summoning the Jury to attend Small Barmote Court, 1l. 1s. for each Cause appointed to be heard at the Court for which the Jury is summoned; such Sums to be paid by the Plaintiff if the Cause do not proceed to the Taxation of Costs.
For attending Small Barmote Court, 10s. 6d. for each Cause appointed to be heard thereat, to be paid by the Plaintiff if the Cause do not proceed to the Taxation of Costs.
For attending a View, except where required by himself0 10 6
Entering each Freeing0 1 0
Copy of same0 1 0
Entry of Gifts for each Vein0 2 0
Entry of every Transfer for each Vein0 1 0
Copy of same0 1 0
Service of every Notice, Summons, or Order0 2 0
For executing any Warrant issued by the Steward:
1st. Where the Amount to be levied shall be less than 20l.:
£ s. d.
Seizing the Property0 3 0
Each Man in possession, per Day0 2 6
All Expenses of Advertisements, if any0 10 0
Catalogues, Sale and Commission, and Delivery of Goods, 1s. in the Pound on the Produce of the Sale.
2d. Where the Amount to be levied shall exceed 20l.:
Seizing the Property0 10 0
Each Man in possession, per Day0 2 6
All Expenses of Advertisements, if any1 1 0
Catalogues, Sale and Commission, and Delivery of Goods, 1s. in the Pound on the Produce of the Sale.
Deputy Barmasters.
For attending on a View by the Grand Jury, except where required by himself0 10 0
To Grand Jury.
For attending on a View, each Man, when called to act within his own Liberty0 4 0
When called to act out of his own Liberty0 6 0
Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F17Word substituted by virtue of Solicitors Act 1974 (c. 47), s. 89(6)

FOURTH SCHEDULE. E+W+S+N.I.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Reference to amounts in old currency to be read as referring to equivalent amounts in new currency: Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

Fees allowed to theBarmaster of theHigh Peak andDeputy Barmasters; such Fees to be a Debt due from the Person on whose Behalf the Duties shall be performed, and to be paid either to the Barmaster or his Deputy, according as the Duty shall be actually performed by him or by his Deputy.

£ s. d.
Setting out any Way under the 4th Article0 5 0
Setting out Land under the 5th Article
Setting out any Way under the 4th Article0 5 0
Setting out Land under the 5th Article0 5 0
Setting out Me

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