Towns Improvement Clauses Act 1847

  1. Introductory TextNext Match

  2. [1.]. Extent of Act.Previous MatchNext Match

  3. Interpretations in this ActPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the construction of this Act, whether...

    2. 2.“the special Act:” “prescribed:” “the commissioners.” Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 3. Interpretations in this and the special Act. Number: Gender: “Person:” “Lands:” “Street:” “Month:” “Justice:” “Two Justices:” “Owner:” “Cattle:”Previous MatchNext Match

  4. Citing the ActPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to citing this Act or any part...

    2. 4. Short title of this Act.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 5. Form in which portions of this Act may be incorporated with other Acts.Previous MatchNext Match

  5. OfficersPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the officers to be appointed by...

    2. 6. Until an inspector is appointed under some general Act, execution of works may be proceeded with without his approval.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 7—12.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  6. Surveys and plansPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to plans of the district within the...

    2. 13. Commissioners to cause a map of the district within the limits of the special Act to be made, and to be open to inspection.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 14. Ordnance may furnish commissioners with maps, or cause surveys to be made.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 15. Level lines to be marked on map, and bench marks to be made for denoting the same.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 16. Commissioners may cause maps to be engraved, &c., and pay expences out of rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 17. Commissioners to cause plans to be prepared of alterations of new works or alterations of existing works.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 18. Before giving notice of construction of works, plans to be prepared and deposited in the office of the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

  7. LandsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to taking lands, and the compensation to...

    2. 19. The taking of lands to be subject to the provisions of this Act and the Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 20. Errors and omissions in plans, &c. may be corrected by justices, who shall certify the same. Certificate to be deposited. Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 21. Commissioners to make compensation for damage done. If parties cannot agree as to compensation, the same to be determined in manner provided by 7 & 8 Vict. c. 18.Previous MatchNext Match

  8. SewersPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to making and maintaining the public sewers,...

    2. 22. Management of sewers and other works vested in the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 23. Drainage districts to be formed, subject to approval of inspector.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 24. Power to commissioners to construct sewers where none exist, making compensation to owners of property.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 25. Commissioners may alter sewers from time to time.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 26. Commissioners not to destroy existing sewers, &c. without providing others. Penalty for neglect.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 27. Commissioners to cause estimates to be prepared and submitted to the inspector.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 28. As to the expence of making new sewers.Where lands, &c. were sufficiently drained before making new sewer, occupier to have a reduction made in his rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 29. As to the expence of maintaining sewers, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 30. Penalty for making unauthorized drains.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 31. Vaults and cellars under streets not to be made without the consent of the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 32. Streets may be stopped for repairs.Previous MatchNext Match

    13. 33. All sewers, &c. to be covered with traps.Previous MatchNext Match

    14. 34. Sewers may be used by owners and occupiers of land beyond limits of town or district.Previous MatchNext Match

  9. House drainsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the drainage of houses, be it...

    2. 35. Commissioners empowered to construct drains from houses, charging owner, &c. with the expence.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 36. No house to be hereafter built without drains being constructed.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 37. Where houses are rebuilt, the level shall be sufficient to allow a drain to be constructed.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 38. Notice of buildings and rebuildings to be given to the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 39. Commissioners may signify disapproval within fourteen days.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 40. Houses built without notice, or contrary to provisions of this or the special Act, may be altered.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 41. If commissioners fail to signify their approval, &c. within fourteen days, parties may proceed without.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 42. Commissioners may require owners of houses to provide privies and ashpits for the same.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 43. Penalty for neglecting to provide privy, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 44. Drains, privies, and cesspools to be kept in good order by owners.If owners neglect, commissioners may cause the same to be done, and charge the owners with the expence.Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 45. As to the inspection of drains, privies, and cesspools.Previous MatchNext Match

    13. 46. Penalty on persons making or altering drains, &c. contrary to the orders of the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

  10. PavingPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to paving and maintaining the streets, be...

    2. 47. Management of streets vested in the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 48, 49.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 50.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 51. Power for the commissioners to pave public streets.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 52. Commissioners may place fences to footways.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 53. Where public streets have not heretofore been paved, commissioners may cause them to be paved, at the expence of the occupiers of adjoining lands.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 54. Future streets may be declared highways.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 55. Commissioners, upon completion of two thirds of any street, may upon application require remaining one third to be completed by owners of houses.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 56. Penalty on persons altering pavements without the consent of the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

  11. New streetsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to laying out new streets, be it...

    2. 57. Notice of intention to lay out new streets to be given to commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 58. Levels to be fixed by the surveyor to the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 59. If the commissioners fail to fix the level, the party may proceed without.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 60. Persons laying out streets without notice to be liable to the expences of subsequent alterations of levels.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 61. Situation of gas and water pipes to be altered at the expence of the commissioners. Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 62. If gas or water company neglect to make the alteration, the commissioners may cause the same to be done.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 63. As to the width of new streets.Previous MatchNext Match

  12. Naming streetsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to naming the streets and numbering the...

    2. 64. Houses to be numbered and streets named.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 65. Numbers of houses to be renewed by occupiers.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 66—74.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  13. Ruinous or dangerous buildingsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to ruinous or dangerous buildings, be it...

    2. 75. Ruinous or dangerous buildings to be taken down or secured by owners, &c. If owner, &c. neglect to repair, commissioners may cause the same to be done, charging owner, &c. with the expences.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 76. The expences to be levied by distress on the owner.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 77. If owner cannot be found, commissioners may take the house or ground, making compensation provided by 7 & 8 Vict. c. 18.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 78. Commissioners may sell the materials, restoring to the owner the overplus arising from the sale.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 79—83.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  14. Objections to worksPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to objections to the works to be...

    2. 84. Commissioners to give notice of new levels of sewers.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 85. Meeting of commissioners to hear objections in the presence of the inspector.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 86. Persons aggrieved by order of commissioners may appeal to quarter sessions.Previous MatchNext Match

  15. Cleansing streetsPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to cleansing the streets, be it enacted...

    2. 87. Commissioners to cause streets to be cleansed, and dust and ashes to be removed from the houses.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 88. Occupiers to cause footways to be swept. Penalty for neglect.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 89. Commissioners may compound for sweeping footways.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 90. Dust, &c. collected to be vested in the commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 91. Commissioners may provide lands, &c. for deposit of soil and materials.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 92. Dust boxes to be erected by commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 93. Commissioners may cause public conveniences to be erected.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 94. Commissioners to cause streets to be watered, and wells, pumps, &c. to be provided.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 95. Commissioners to appoint scavengers.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 96. Penalty for obstructing scavengers.Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 97. Penalty on persons other than scavengers removing dirt.Previous MatchNext Match

    13. 98. Penalty for conveying offensive matter at improper times.Previous MatchNext Match

  16. NuisancesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the prevention of nuisances, be it...

    2. 99. Stagnant pools of water and other annoyances to be removed.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 100. Regulations to prevent accumulation of dung, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 101. On certificate of the officer of health, filth to be removed.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 102. Houses to be whitewashed and purified, on certificate of officer of health, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 103. No interment in any grave without leaving two feet six inches clear of soil above the coffin.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 104. Justices may order nuisances to be abated.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 105. Penalty for disobedience of orders of justices.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 106. Commissioners to order costs of prosecutions to be paid out of the rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 107. Act not to affect nuisances at common law.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 108.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  17. FirePrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the construction of houses for prevention...

    2. 109. Party walls to be carried up through the roof.Walls of buildings and coverings of roofs to be made of incombustible materials.Previous MatchNext Match

  18. VentilationPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to supplying buildings with fresh air, be...

    2. 110. Regulating construction of buildings intended as places for public meetings. No person to begin to build until plan has been approved by commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 111. If commissioners fail to signify their approval of plan within fourteen days, party may proceed to build.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 112. Persons may appeal against determination of commissioners.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 113. Cellars in courts not to be occupied as dwellings, after letting prohibited.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 114. No cellars under the height of seven feet from the floor to the ceiling to be let as dwellings.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 115. Penalty on letting such cellars as dwelling places.Previous MatchNext Match

  19. Lodging housesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to lodging houses, be it enacted as...

    2. 116. For the regulation and inspection of lodging houses. Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 117. Commissioners to keep a register of lodging house keepers, and make rules for promoting cleanliness and ventilation.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 118. Penalty on lodging house keepers not complying with the provisions of the Act.Previous MatchNext Match

  20. LightingPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to lighting the town or district, be...

    2. 119. Commissioners may contract for lighting the streets.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 120. For ascertaining price to be paid for gas, in case of dispute.Previous MatchNext Match

  21. WaterPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the supply of water, be it...

    2. 121. Power to commissioners to construct public cisterns and pumps for supply of water to baths and wash-houses. Commissioners not to construct such new works without approval.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 122. Commissioners may contract for supply of water.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 123. For ascertaining price to be paid for water in case of dispute.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 124.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  22. Slaughter-housesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to slaughter-houses, be it enacted as follows:...

    2. 125. Commissioners may license slaughter-houses, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 126. No new slaughter-houses in future to be erected without a licence.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 127. Existing slaughter-houses, &c. to be registered.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 128. Commissioners may make byelaws for regulation of slaughter-houses, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 129. Justice may suspend licence of slaughter-houses, &c. in addition to penalty imposed.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 130. Penalty for slaughtering cattle during suspension of licence, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 131. Officers may enter and inspect slaughter-houses, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

  23. Special orderPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to things to be done by the...

    2. 132. As to certain matters authorized to be done by the commissioners by special order only.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 133. Final resolution not to be carried into effect for one month, nor then if a majority of the ratepayers remonstrate against the same.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 134. Commissioners may purchase slaughter-houses, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 135.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 136. Public bathing places and drying grounds.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 137. Proportion of baths for the working classes.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 138. Charges for the use of baths.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 139. Recovery of charges for the use of baths, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 140. Publication of byelaws in regard to baths, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 141. Sale of baths, &c. on discontinuing them.Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 142. Application to be made to Parliament if additional powers necessary. Previous MatchNext Match

  24. ClocksPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. 143. Power to commissioners to provide public clocks.Previous MatchNext Match

  25. Execution of works by commissionersPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to entry by the commissioners or their...

    2. 144. Commissioners empowered to enter upon lands for the purposes of this Act.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 145. Penalty on persons obstructing commissioners in their duty.Previous MatchNext Match

  26. Execution of works by ownersPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to ensuring the execution of the works...

    2. 146. As to service of notice on owners and occupiers of buildings and lands.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 147. Commissioners, in default of owner or occupier, may execute works and recover expences.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 148. Occupier, in default of owner, may execute works, and deduct expences from his rent.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 149. How expences are to be recovered from owner.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 150. Power to levy charges on occupier who may deduct the same from his rent.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 151. Occupier not to be liable for more than the amount of rent due.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 152. Commissioners may allow time for repayment by owners of improvement expences.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 153. Proceedings in case of tenants opposing the execution of this Act.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 154. Respecting existing contracts for building.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 155. Respecting contracts for leases.Previous MatchNext Match

  27. RatesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the rates directed by this Act...

    2. 156. As to the recovery of private improvement expences.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 157. Where new sewers are made commissioners may make special sewer rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 158. Commissioners to make a general sewer rate distinct from other rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 159. Commissioners may borrow money by mortgage of sewer rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 160. Sewer rate to be of such amount as to pay off monies borrowed thereon in thirty years.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 161. Cases where rates may be charged upon separate and distinct districts.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 162. Rates to be levied on separate and distinct districts.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 163. Drainage rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 164. Occupiers may deduct a proportion of drainage rate from their rent.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 165. Landlords being also tenants, may deduct proportion of drainage rate from their rent.Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 166. Limitation of expenditure for house drains, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    13. 167. Rates to be levied on persons holding, using, or occupying houses, &c. Proportion to be paid by holders of lands, nursery grounds, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    14. 168. Exemptions from rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    15. 169. Rates may be made prospective or retrospective.Previous MatchNext Match

    16. 170. Commissioners to cause estimates to be prepared before making a rate.Previous MatchNext Match

    17. 171. Notice of rate to be given.Previous MatchNext Match

    18. 172. Form of rate.Previous MatchNext Match

    19. 173. Rate to be open to inspection of ratepayers, who may take copies, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    20. 174. Rates may be amended.Previous MatchNext Match

    21. 175. Value of property to be ascertained according to poor rate.Previous MatchNext Match

    22. 176, 177.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    23. 178. Poor rate to be open to inspection by commissioners. Previous MatchNext Match

    24. 179. Owner of property unoccupied to be assessed to the sewer rate.Previous MatchNext Match

    25. 180. Unoccupied premises to be included in the rates; and if the premises are afterwards occupied, a portion of rates to be paid.Previous MatchNext Match

    26. 181. Owners of property not exceeding 10l. per annum net annual value to pay rates instead of occupier.Previous MatchNext Match

    27. 182. Not necessary to name the owner where unknown.Previous MatchNext Match

    28. 183. Tenants under existing leases to repay the owner.Previous MatchNext Match

    29. 184. Occupiers may be rated if they think fit.Previous MatchNext Match

  28. AppealPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the appeal to be made against...

    2. 185. Persons aggrieved may appeal to petty sessions on the ground of incorrectness, &c. of valuation.Their decision to be final unless appealed from to quarter sessions.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 186. Parties may appeal to the quarter sessions against a rate.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 187.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 188. No order of special sessions to be in force pending appeal.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 189. On appeal, the quarter sessions and petty sessions to have same power of amending and quashing rates, and of awarding costs, as in appeals against poor rates. Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 190.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  29. Recovery of ratesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the recovery of rates, be it...

    2. 191. Rates to be recovered by distress.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 192. Form of warrant of distress. Constables to assist in making distress.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 193. Rate books to be evidence.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 194. Remedy against persons quitting before payment of rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    6. 195. Rates to be apportioned on holder quitting.Previous MatchNext Match

    7. 196. Rates due from owner may be recovered from occupier.Previous MatchNext Match

    8. 197. Occupier not to be required to pay more than the amount of rent owing by him.Previous MatchNext Match

    9. 198. Occupier refusing to give name of owner liable to a penalty.Previous MatchNext Match

    10. 199. Surveyors of highways may proceed for the recovery of arrears of highway rates.Previous MatchNext Match

    11. 200—208.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    12. 209.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  30. Recovery of damages and penaltiesPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to the recovery of damages not specially...

    2. 210. Clauses of 8 & 9 Vict. c. 20., as to recovery of damages and penalties incorporated with this and special Act, &c.Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 211.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 212. Things required to be done by two justices may, in certain cases, be done by one.Previous MatchNext Match

    5. 213.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  31. Access to special ActPrevious MatchNext Match

    1. And with respect to affording access to the special Act,...

    2. 214. Copies of special Act to be kept by commissioners at their office, and deposited with the clerks of the peace, &c., and be open to inspection. Previous MatchNext Match

    3. 215. Penalty on commissioners failing to keep or deposit such copies.Previous MatchNext Match

    4. 216.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Previous MatchNext Match

  32. SCHEDULES referred to by the foregoing Act

    1. SCHEDULE (A)Previous MatchNext Match

      Form of RatePrevious MatchNext Match

      1. An assessment to the sewer rate [or other rate,&c., as...

      2. Signed by us this day of in the year of...

      3. A.F.M

      4. C.D.

      5. E.F. _________________Improvement

      6. G.F. Commissioners

      7. L.K.

      8. L.M.

    2. SCHEDULE (B)Previous MatchNext Match

      1. Form of Warrant of Distress for the recovery of a RatePrevious MatchNext Match

        1. County of

        2. [or Borough, &c.]

        3. to wit.

        4. Whereas complaint hath been duly made by , one of...

        5. J.P. (L.S.)