Search Legislation

Education (Scotland) Act 1945

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

87Interpretation

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings respectively assigned to them :—

  • " Act of 1872 " means the Education (Scotland) Act, 1872 ;

  • " Act of 1889 " means the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1889 ;

  • " Act of 1901 " means the Education (Scotland) Act, 1901 ;

  • " Act of 1908 " means the Education (Scotland) Act, 1908 ;

  • " Act of 1918 " means the Education (Scotland) Act, 1918 ; 52

  • " Act of 1919 " means the Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act, 1919 ;

  • " Act of 1925 " means the Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Act, 1925 ;

  • " Act of 1929 " means the Local Government (Scotland) Act, 1929 ;

  • " Act of 1936 " means the Education (Scotland) Act, 1936 ; " Act of 1939 " means the Education (Emergency) (Scotland) Act, 1939 ;

  • " Child " means a person who is not over school age ;

  • " Clothing " includes boots and other footwear ;

  • " Code " means a code included in regulations under section fifty-five of this Act;

  • " Education Acts " means the Education (Scotland) Acts, 1872 to 1942, the Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Acts, 1919 to 1939, the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Act, 1882, the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Acts, 1928 to 1935, the Highland Schools Act, 1873, and this Act;

  • " Educational establishment "— (i) means a school, a junior college and any other institution for the provision of any form of further education and the premises of such school, junior college or institution, and

    (i)

    without prejudice to the foregoing generality, includes a central institution, a training centre, a training college, a hostel used mainly by pupils attending such schools or junior colleges or institutions, and a residential institution conducted under a scheme under the Educational Endowments (Scotland) Acts, 1928 to 1935, but

    (ii)

    does not include a university, a theological college, a hostel or other residence used exclusively by students attending a university or a theological college, or a club or other centre conducted by a voluntary society or body for the purpose of providing facilities or organising activities of a character similar to those which may be provided by an education authority under section three of this Act, unless the society or body are in receipt of a grant from the Secretary of State or of a contribution from an education authority or apply in writing to the Secretary of State for the club or centre to be treated in all respects as an educational establishment;

  • " Employment " includes employment in any labour exercised - by way of trade or for purposes of gain whether the gain be to the child or to the young person or to any other person, and a person who assists in a trade or occupation carried on for profit shall be deemed to be employed notwithstanding that he receives no reward for his labour; and "employ" shall be construed accordingly;

  • " Employer " includes a parent who employs his children ;

  • " Functions " includes powers and duties ; and " functions relating to education", used in relation to an education authority, includes any function conferred or imposed on an education authority by the Education Acts or by any other enactment;

  • "Further education " has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (5) of section one of this Act;

  • " Independent school" means a school at which full-time education is provided for five or more pupils of school age (whether or not such education is also, provided for pupils under or over that age), not being a public school or a school in respect of which grants are made by the Secretary of State to the managers of the school other than grants in aid of the managers' contributions under the Education (Scotland) (Superannuation) Acts, 1919 to 1939 ;

  • " Junior college " has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (5) of section one of this Act;

  • " Managers ", in relation to an educational establishment, means the governing body, trustees, or other person or body of persons responsible for the management of the establishment;

  • " Medical examination" means examination by a duly qualified medical practitioner: Provided that in conducting an examination of any such class as may be prescribed, such practitioner may be assisted by other persons having such special qualifications or experience as may be prescribed ;

  • " Medical inspection " and " medical supervision " mean, , respectively, inspection and supervision by or under the directions of a duly qualified medical practitioner or in appropriate cases by a person registered under the Dentists Act, 1878 ;

  • " Medical officer" means, in relation to any education authority, a duly qualified medical practitioner employed or engaged, whether regularly or for the purposes of any particular case, by that authority ;

  • " Medical treatment " includes prevention and treatment of diseases by any duly qualified medical practitioner or by any person registered under the Dentists Act, 1878, and the supply of appliances on the recommendation of such practitioner or person, but does not, in relation to any pupil other than a pupil receiving primary or secondary education elsewhere than at school under arrangements made by an education authority under section eight of this Act, include treatment in that pupil's home ;

  • " Mental Deficiency Acts " means the Mental Deficiency and Lunacy (Scotland) Acts, 1913 and 1940 ;

  • " National committee ", " provincial committee " and " committee of management " mean respectively the National Committee for the Training of Teachers, a Provincial Committee and a Committee of Management established under the minute of the Scottish Education Department dated the tenth day of February, 1920, and include any committee or other body that may be appointed in their place under section forty-nine of this Act;

  • " Nursery school " and " nursery class " have the respective meanings assigned to them by subsection (2) of section one of this Act;

  • " Officers " includes servants ;

  • " Parent " includes guardian and any person who is liable to maintain or has the actual custody of a child or young person;

  • " Premises " in relation to any educational establishment includes any building in which pupils attending such establishment are boarded whether managed by the managers of such establishment or by any other person by arrangement with such managers, and any playing fields used in connection with such establishment whether contiguous to or detached therefrom ;

  • " Prescribed " means prescribed by the Secretary of State ;

  • " Primary education " has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (2) of section one of this Act;

  • " Proprietor " in relation to an independent school means the managers of such school, and for the purposes of the provisions of this Act relating to applications for the registration of independent schools includes any person , or body of persons proposing to be the managers ;

  • " Provisionally registered school" means an independent school registered in the register of independent schools whereof the registration is provisional only;

  • " Public school " means any school under the management of an education authority ;

  • " Pupil" where used without qualification means a person of any age for whom education is or is required to be provided under the Education Acts ;

  • " Registered school" means an independent school the registration of which in the register of independent schools is final;

  • " School" means an institution providing primary or secondary education or both primary and secondary education being a public school, an independent school, or a school in respect of which grants are made by the Secretary of State to the managers of the school, and includes a nursery school and a special school; and the expression " school" where used without qualification includes any such school or all such schools as the context may require but does not include an approved school within the meaning of the Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act, 1937 ;

  • " School age" has, subject to the provisions of section twenty-four and of subsection (3) of this section, the meaning assigned to it by section twenty-three of this Act ;

  • " Secondary education " has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (3) ,of section one of this Act;

  • " Special educational treatment " has the meaning assigned to it by subsection (4) of section one of this Act ;

  • " Special school " includes special classes forming part of primary schools and secondary schools, child guidance clinics and occupational centres ; Teachers superannuation scheme " means the superannuation scheme framed and approved under the Education (Scotland) Superannuation Acts, 1919 to 1939, and any amendment thereof ;

  • " Training centre " and " training college " mean a centre or college for the purposes of section forty-nine of this Act managed respectively by a provincial committee or a committee of management ;

  • " Young person " means a person over school age who has not attained the age of eighteen.

(2)Where any function is delegated by one body to another in pursuance of this Act, that other body shall have power to exercise the function in like manner in all respects as the first mentioned body could have exercised it had there been no delegation, and, save as otherwise provided in the administrative scheme, to enter into any contract or execute any deed necessary for that purpose.

(3)Any person who before the date when section twenty-three of this Act comes into operation has attained an age at which under the Education (Scotland) Acts, 1872 to 1942, his parent ceased to be under obligation to provide efficient education for him shall be deemed to be over school age, and any person who after the said date ceases to be of school age shall not in the event of any subsequent change in the upper limit of school age again become a person of school age.

(4)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, references to any enactment or any provision of any enactment shall be construed as references to that enactment or provision as amended by any subsequent enactment, including this Act.

(5)Any minute, rule, regulation, order or scheme, passed or made, or any certificate, direction or approval given, or thing done under any enactment repealed or amended by this Act, shall, if in force at the appointed day, continue in force notwithstanding such repeal or amendment in like manner as if it had been passed, made, given or done under this Act.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources