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Marriage Act 1949

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3 Marriages of persons under twenty-one. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Where the marriage of [F1a child], not being a widower or widow, is intended to be solemnized on the authority of F2. . . issued by a superintendent registrar under Part III of this Act, F3. . . the consent of the person or persons specified in [F4subsection (1A) of this section] shall be required F5 . . .:

Provided that—

(a)if the superintendent registrar is satisfied that the consent of any person whose consent is so required cannot be obtained by reason of absence or inaccessibility or by reason of his being under any disability, the necessity for the consent of that person shall be dispensed with, if there is any other person whose consent is also required; and if the consent of no other person is required, the Registrar General may dispense with the necessity of obtaining any consent, or the court may, on application being made, consent to the marriage, and the consent of the court so given shall have the same effect as if it had been given by the person whose consent cannot be so obtained;

(b)if any person whose consent is required refuses his consent, the court may, on application being made, consent to the marriage, and the consent of the court so given shall have the same effect as if it had been given by the person whose consent is refused.

[F6(1A)The consents are—

(a)subject to paragraphs (b) to (d) of this subsection, the consent of—

(i)each parent (if any) of the child who has parental responsibility for him; and

(ii)each guardian (if any) of the child;

(b)where a residence order is in force with respect to the child, the consent of the person or persons with whom he lives, or is to live, as a result of the order (in substitution for the consents mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection);

(c)where a care order is in force with respect to the child, the consent of the local authority designated in the order (in addition to the consents mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection);

(d)where neither paragraph (b) nor (c) of this subsection applies but a residence order was in force with respect to the child immediately before he reached the age of sixteen, the consent of the person or persons with whom he lived, or was to live, as a result of the order (in substitution for the consents mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection).

(1B)In this section “guardian of a child”, “parental responsibility”, “residence order” and “care order” have the same meaning as in the Children Act 1989.]

(2)The last foregoing subsection shall apply to marriages intended to be solemnized on the authority of a common licence, with the substitution of references to the ecclesiastical authority by whom the licence was granted for references to the superintendent registrar, and with the substitution of a reference to the Master of the Faculties for the reference to the Registrar General.

(3)Where the marriage of [F1a child], not being a widower or widow, is intended to be solemnized after the publication of banns of matrimony then, if any person whose consent to the marriage would have been required under this section in the case of a marriage intended to be solemnized otherwise than after the publication of the banns, openly and publicly declares or causes to be declared, in the church or chapel in which the banns are published, at the time of the publication, his dissent from the intended marriage, the publication of banns shall be void.

(4)A clergyman shall not be liable to ecclesiastical censure for solemnizing the marriage of [F1a child] after the publication of banns without the consent of the parents or guardians of [F1the child] unless he had notice of the dissent of any person who is entitled to give notice of dissent under the last foregoing subsection.

(5)For the purposes of this section, “the court” means the High Court, [F7the county court of the district in which any applicant or respondent resides], or a court of summary jurisdiction [F8[F9appointed for the commission area F10. . . ]in which any applicant or respondent resides], and rules of court may be made for enabling applications under this section—

(a)if made to the High Court, to be heard in chambers;

(b)if made to the county court, to be heard and determined by the registrar subject to appeal to the judge;

(c)if made to a court of summary jurisdiction, to be heard and determined otherwise than in open court,

and shall provide that, where an application is made in consequence of a refusal to give consent, notice of the application shall be served on the person who has refused consent.

(6)Nothing in this section shall dispense with the necessity of obtaining the consent of the High Court to the marriage of a ward of court.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F4Words in s. 3(1) “” substituted (14.10.1991)

“” by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108, Sch. 12 para. 5(1)(with saving in Sch. 14 para. 37, and with Sch. 14 para. 1(1)); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

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