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Public Health Act 1936

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Public Health Act 1936, Section 287 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 12 December 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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287 Power to enter premises. E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, any authorised officer of a council shall, on producing, if so required, some duly authenticated document showing his authority, have a right to enter any premises at all reasonable hours—

(a)for the purpose of ascertaining whether there is, or has been, on or in connection with the premises any contravention of the provisions of this Act or of any byelaws [F1or building regulations] made thereunder, being provisions which it is the duty of the council to enforce;

(b)for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not circumstances exist which would authorise or require the council to take any action, or execute any work, under this Act or any such byelaws [F1 or building regulations];

(c)for the purpose of taking any action, or executing any work, authorised or required by this Act or any such byelaws [F1 or building regulations], or any order made under this Act, to be taken, or executed, by the council;

(d)generally, for the purpose of the performance by the council of their functions under this Act or any such byelaws [F1 or building regulations]:

Provided that admission to any premises not being a factory, F2. . . or workplace, shall not be demanded as of right unless twenty-four hours’ notice of the intended entry has been given to the occupier.

(2)If it is shown to the satisfaction of a justice of the peace on sworn information in writing—

(a)that admission to any premises has been refused, or that refusal is apprehended, or that the premises are unoccupied or the occupier is temporarily absent, or that the case is one of urgency, or that an application for admission would defeat the object of the entry; and

(b)that there is reasonable ground for entry into the premises for any such purpose as aforesaid,

the justice may by warrant under his hand authorise the council by any authorised officer to enter the premises, if need be by force:

Provided that such a warrant shall not be issued unless the justice is satisfied either that notice of the intention to apply for a warrant has been given to the occupier, or that the premises are unoccupied, or that the occupier is temporarily absent, or that the case is one of urgency, or that the giving of such notice would defeat the object of the entry.

(3)An authorised officer entering any premises by virtue of this section, or of a warrant issued thereunder, may take with him such other persons as may be necessary, and on leaving any unoccupied premises which he has entered by virtue of such a warrant shall leave them as effectually secured against trespassers as he found them.

(4)Every warrant granted under this section shall continue in force until the purpose for which the entry is necessary has been satisfied.

(5)If any person who in compliance with the provisions of this section or of a warrant issued thereunder is admitted into a factory,. . . or workplace discloses to any person any information obtained by him in the factory,. . . or workplace with regard to any manufacturing process or trade secret, he shall, unless such disclosure was made in the performance of his duty, be liable to a fine not exceeding [F3level 3 on the standard scale] or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months.

(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F4

Textual Amendments

F2Words in s. 287(1)(d)(5) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt. XIV

F3Words substituted by virtue of the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48, SIF 39:1), ss. 38, 46

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 287 applied (with modifications) (13.7.2004) by London Local Authorities Act 2004 (c. i), ss. 1(1), 9, Sch. 1

C4S. 287 applied (with modifications) (19.9.2007) by London Local Authorities Act 2007 (c. ii), s. 1(3), Sch. 1

C6S. 287 applied (with modifications) (2.7.2009) by Broads Authority Act 2009 (c. i), s. 39(5), Sch. 5 (with ss. 2(3), 16(3), 41(4), 42, Sch. 6 Pts. 2, 3)

C7S. 287(2)-(4) applied (with effect as mentioned in ss. 3, 5 of the applying Act by London Local Authorities Act 1991 (c. xiii), ss. 3, 5, 15(2))

S. 287(2)-(4) applied (coming into force in accordance with ss. 3, 15, 30 of the amending Act) by 1995 c. x, ss. 25(2), 40(2)

S. 287(2)-(4) applied (24.6.1996) by 1996 c. viii, s. 6(2)

S. 287(2)-(4) applied (coming into force in accordance with s. 3 of the amending Act) by 2000 c. viii, s. 20(7)(b)

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