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Public Health Act 1936

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Supplemental provisions as to drains, sanitary conveniences, cesspools, &c.E+W

48 Power of local authority to examine and test drains, &c., believed to be defective. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Where it appears to a [F1local] authority that there are reasonable grounds for believing that a sanitary convenience, drain, private sewer or cesspool is in such a condition as to be prejudicial to health or a nuisance, or that a drain or private sewer communicating. . . indirectly with a public sewer is so defective as to admit subsoil water, they may examine its condition, and for that purpose may apply any test, other than a test by water under pressure, and, if they deem it necessary, open the ground.

(1A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)If on examination the convenience, drain, sewer or cesspool is found to be in proper condition, the authority shall, as soon as possible, reinstate any ground which has been opened by them and make good any damage done by them.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Word in s. 48(1) substituted (1.12.1991) by Water Consolidation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991 (c. 60), ss. 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 2(1) (by virtue of which provision s. 48 ceased to have effect (1.12.1991) in relation to a drain or private sewer connecting with a public sewer).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 48 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8, Sch.2.

C3S. 48 repealed (in relation to a drain or private sewer connecting with a public sewer) (1.12.1991) by Water Consolidation (Consequential Provisions) Act 1991 (c. 60), ss. 2, 4(2), Sch. 1 para. 2(1).

C4s. 48 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art 8, Sch.2.

49 Rooms over closets of certain types, or over ashpits, &c., not to be used as living, sleeping or workrooms.E+W

(1)A room which, or any part of which, is immediately over a closet, other than a watercloset or earthcloset, or immediately over a cesspool, midden or ashpit, shall not be occupied as a living room, sleeping room or workroom.

(2)Any person who, after seven days’ notice from the local authority, occupies any room in contravention of the provisions of this section, or who permits any room to be so occupied, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding [F2level 1 on the standard scale], and to a further fine not exceeding [F3£2] for each day on which the offence continues after conviction therefor.

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Amendments (Textual)

F3Words substituted by virtue of Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

50 Overflowing and leaking cesspools.E+W

(1)If the contents of any cesspool soak therefrom or overflow, the local authority . . . F4 may by notice require the person by whose act, default or sufferance the soakage or overflow occurred or continued to execute such works, or to take such steps by periodically emptying the cesspool or otherwise, as may be necessary for preventing the soakage or overflow:

Provided that this subsection shall not apply in relation to the effluent from a properly constructed tank for the reception and treatment of sewage, if that effluent is of such a character, and is so conveyed away and disposed of, as not to be prejudicial to health or a nuisance.

(2)In so far as a notice under this section requires a person to execute works, the provisions of Part XII of this Act with respect to appeals against, and the enforcement of, notices requiring the execution of works shall apply in relation to the notice.

(3)In so far as such a notice requires a person to take any steps other than the execution of works, he shall, if he fails to comply with the notice, be liable to a fine not exceeding [F5level 1 on the standard scale], and to a further fine not exceeding [F6£2] for each day on which the offence continues after conviction therefor:

Provided that in any proceedings under this subsection it shall be open to the defendant to question the reasonableness of the authority’s requirements.

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Amendments (Textual)

F6Words substituted by virtue of Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 50 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8, Sch.2.

C6S. 50 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8, Sch.2.

51 Care of closets. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)The occupier of every building in, or in connection with, which a watercloset or an earthcloset is provided shall, in the case of a watercloset, cause the flushing apparatus thereof to be kept supplied with water sufficient for flushing and where necessary to be properly protected against frost, and shall, in the case of an earthcloset, cause it to be kept supplied with dry earth or other suitable deodorising material.

(2)A person who fails to comply with any of the provisions of this section shall be liable to a fine not exceeding [F7level 1 on the standard scale]

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8Ss. 51-52 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8, Sch.2.

C9Ss. 51-52 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8, Sch.2.

52 Care of sanitary conveniences used in common.E+W

Where a sanitary convenience is used in common by the members of two or more families, the following provisions shall have effect:—

(a)if any person injures or improperly fouls the convenience, or anything used in connection therewith, or wilfully or by negligence causes an obstruction in the drain therefrom, he shall be liable to a fine not exceeding [F8level 1 on the standard scale];

(b)if the convenience, or the approach thereto, is, for want of proper cleansing or attention, in such a condition as to be insanitary, such of the persons having the use thereof in common as are in default, or, in the absence of satisfactory proof as to which of them is in default, each of them, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding [F8level 1 on the standard scale], and to a further fine not exceeding [F9£2] for each day on which the offence continues after conviction therefor.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F9Words substituted by virtue of Decimal Currency Act 1969 (c. 19), s. 10(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10Ss. 51-52 modified (7.8.1991) by S.I. 1991/1773, art. 8, Sch.2.

C11Ss. 51-52 modified (10.1.1992) by S.I. 1991/2913, art. 8, Sch.2.

53—62.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F10E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

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63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F11E+W
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64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F12E+W
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65—67.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F13E+W
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68, 69.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F14E+W
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70, 71.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F15E+W
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