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Children and Young Persons Act 1933

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part VIE+W Supplemental

Local AuthoritiesE+W

96` Provisions as to local authorities. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Reference to expenses for general county purposes to be construed as reference to general expenses of a county council, and references to clerk of a local authority to be construed as reference to proper officer of a local authority: Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70), Sch. 29 Pt I paras. 3(a), 4(1)(a)

(1)Subject to the modifications hereinafter contained as to the City of London, where any powers or duties are by [F1Part II of this Act] conferred or imposed on local authorities (by that description) those powers and duties shall . . . F2 be powers and duties of local education authorities . . . F2.

[F3(1A)The local authorities for the purposes of Parts III and IV of this Act shall be the council of counties (other than metropolitan counties), of metropolitan districts and of London boroughs and the Common Council of the City of London [F4but, in relation to Wales, shall be the councils of counties and county boroughs].]

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F5

(3)Expenses incurred by a local authority in connection with powers and duties which are, under this Act, exercised and performed by them as local education authorities [F6shall be defrayed as expenses under the enactments relating to education].

(4)Expenses incurred under this Act by the council of a county or county borough, exclusive of any expenses to be defrayed [F6in accordance with] the last foregoing subsection . . . F2 shall be defrayed . . . F7 as expenses for general county purposes or, as the case may be, out of the general rate.

[F8(4A)Subsection (4) above does not apply in relation to the council of any Welsh county or county borough.]

(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F9

(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F10

(7)F11. . . a local authority may refer to a committee appointed for the purposes of this Act, or to any committee appointed for the purposes of any other Act, any matter relating to the exercise by the authority of any of their powers under this act and may delegate any of the said powers (other than any power to borrow money) to any such committee.

(8)A local authority, or a committee to whom any powers of a local authority under this Act have been delegated, may by resolution empower the clerk or the chief education officer of the authority to exercise in the name of the authority in any case which appears to him to be one of urgency any powers of the authority or, as the case may be, of the committee with respect to the institution of proceedings under this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words substituted by Children Act 1948 (c. 43), Sch. 3

F2Words repealed by Education Act 1944 (c.31),Sch.9 Pt.1

F4Words at the end of s. 96(1A) added (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(4), Sch. 10 para. 1(2) (with s. 54(7), Sch. 17 paras. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch.1

F6Words substituted by Education Act 1944 (c. 31), Sch. 8 which 1944 Act was repealed (1.11.1996) by 1996 c. 56, s. 582(2), Sch. 38 Pt. I (with ss. 1(4), 582(3), Sch. 39), and by s. 582(1), Sch. 37 Pt. I para.1 of that 1996 Act it is provided (1.11.1996) that s. 96 should continue to have effect with the amendments originally made by Sch. 8 to the 1944 Act

F10S. 96(6) repealed by London Government Act 1963 (c. 33). s. 93, Sch. 18 Pt. II

F11Words in s. 96(7) repealed (1.4.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 64, 67, Sch. 5 Pt. 4; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(2)(g); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(h)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Reference to expenses for general county purposes to be construed as reference to general expenses of a county council, and references to clerk of a local authority to be construed as reference to proper officer of a local authority: Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70), Sch. 29 Pt I paras. 3(a), 4(1)(a)

97 Modifications of last foregoing section as to City of London.E+W

The last foregoing section shall, in its application to the City of London, have effect subject to the modifications that the powers and duties of a local authority under this Act . . . F12 as respects street trading and employment, shall be powers and duties of the Common Council and any expenses of the Common Council shall be defrayed out of the general rate:

Provided that—

(a)the powers and duties of a local authority with respect to the granting of licences for children to take part in entertainments shall be powers and duties of the . . . F13 local education authority . . . F14; and

(b)nothing in this section shall exempt the City of London from the liability to contribute towards the expenses incurred by the [F15local education authority] under this Act, . . . F12

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Amendments (Textual)

F14Words repealed by Education Act 1944 (c.31),Sch.9 Pt.1

[F1698†Institution of proceedings by local or poor law authorities.E+W
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Amendments (Textual)

Without prejudice to the last foregoing section, a local education authority may institute proceedings for any offence under Part I or Part II of this Act.]

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Unreliable marginal note.

Supplementary Provisions as to Legal ProceedingsE+W

99 Presumption and determination of age. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)Where a person, whether charged with an offence or not, is brought before any court otherwise than for the purpose of giving evidence, and it appears to the court that he is a child or young person, the court shall make due inquiry as to the age of that person, and for that purpose shall take such evidence as may be forthcoming at the hearing of the case, but an order or judgment of the court shall not be invalidated by any subsequent proof that the age of that person has not been correctly stated to the court, and the age presumed or declared by the court to be the age of the person so brought before it shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be the true age of that person, and, where it appears to the court that the person so brought before it has attained [F17the age of eighteen] years, that person shall for the purposes of this Act be deemed not to be a child or young person.

(2)Where in any charge or indictment for any offence under this Act or any of the offences mentioned in the First Schedule to this Act [F18except as provided in that Schedule], it is alleged that the person by or in respect of whom the offence was committed was a child or young person or was under or had attained any specified age, and he appears to the court to have been at the date of the commission of the alleged offence a child or young person, or to have been under or to have attained the specified age, as the case may be, he shall for the purposes of this Act be presumed at that date to have been a child or young person or to have been under or to have attained that age, as the case may be, unless the contrary is proved.

(3)Where, in any charge or indictment for any offence under this Act or any of the offences mentioned in the First Schedule to this Act, it is alleged that the person in respect of whom the offence was committed was a child or was a young person, it shall not be a defence to prove that the person alleged to have been a child was a young person or the person alleged to have been a young person was a child in any case where the acts constituting the alleged offence would equally have been an offence if committed in respect of a young person or child respectively.

(4)Where a person is charged with an offence under this Act in respect of a person apparently under a specified age it shall be a defence to prove that the person was actually of or over that age.

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Amendments (Textual)

F17Words in s. 99(1) substituted (1.10.1992) by Criminal Justice Act 1991, (c. 53, SIF 39:1), ss. 68, 101(1), Sch. 8 para. 1(2), Sch. 12 para. 22(1); S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(2), Sch.2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

100 Evidence of wages of defendant.E+W

In any proceedings under this Act a copy of an entry in the wages book of any employer of labour, or if no wages book be kept a written statement signed by the employer or by any responsible person in his employ, shall be evidence that the wages therein entered or stated as having been paid to any person, have in fact been so paid.

101 Application of Summary Jurisdiction Acts.E+W

F19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

102†Appeals to quarter sessions.E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7Unreliable marginal note.

(1)Appeals to [F20the Crown Court] from orders of a [F21magistrates' court] under this Act may be brought in the following cases and by the following persons, that is to say—

(a), (b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F22

(c), (d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F23

(e)in the case of an order requiring the owner of an automatic machine for the sale of tobacco or the person on whose premises such a machine is kept, to take precautions to prevent the machine being extensively used by persons apparently under the age of [F24eighteen] years or to remove the machine, by any person aggrieved;

[F25(f)in the case of a restricted premises order under section 12A or a restricted sale order under section 12B, by any person aggrieved.]

(f). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F26

(2)Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting the . . . F27 any other right of appeal conferred by this or any other Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7Unreliable marginal note.

Supplementary Provisions as to Secretary of StateE+W

F28103 Power of Secretary of State to appoint inspectors.E+W

The Secretary of State may appoint for the purposes of the enactments relating to children and young persons a chief inspector, and such number of inspectors to act under the direction of the chief inspector as the Treasury may approve, and may pay to the persons so appointed such remuneration and allowances as with the consent of the Treasury he may determine, and they shall perform such duties as the Secretary of State may from time to time direct.

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Amendments (Textual)

F29104 Exchequer grants and expenses of Secretary of State.E+W

(1)There shall be paid out of money provided by Parliament—

(a)such sums on such conditions as the Secretary of State with the approval of the Treasury may recommend towards—

(i)the expenses of the managers of an approved school;

(ii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F30

(iii)the expenses of a council of a county or county borough in respect of remand homes;

(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F31

(c)any expenses incurred by the Secretary of State in the administration of this Act.

(2)The conditions on which any sums are paid under this section towards the expenses incurred in connection with the provision of a site for, or with the erection, enlargement, improvement or repair of, an approved school, may include conditions for securing the repayment in whole or in part of the sums paid in the event of the school ceasing to be an approved school, and, notwithstanding anything in the constitution of the school or of the managers thereof, or in the trusts, if any, to which the property of the school or of the managers is subject, the managers and any persons who are trustees of any of the said property may accept those sums on those conditions, and execute any instrument required for carrying into effect those conditions, and shall be bound by those conditions and by any instrument so executed and have power to fulfil the conditions and the obligations created by the instrument.

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Amendments (Textual)

GeneralE+W

105 Variation of Orders in Council.E+W

An Order in Council under this Act may be revoked or varied by any subsequent Order in Council.

106 Provisions as to documents, &c. E+W
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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

(1)An order or other act of the Secretary of State under this Act may be signified under the hand of the Secretary of State or an Under-Secretary of State or an Assistant Under-Secretary F32. . ..

F33(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)The production of a copy of the London Gazette containing a notice of the grant, or of the withdrawal or surrender, of a certificate of approval of an approved school shall be sufficient evidence of the fact of a certificate having been duly granted to the school named in the notice, or of the withdrawal or surrender of such a certificate, and the grant of a certificate of approval of an approved school may also be proved by the production of the certificate itself, or of a document purporting to be a copy of the certificate and to be authenticated as such by an Under-Secretary of State or Assistant Under-Secretary.

(4)Any notice or other document required or authorised by this Act to be served on the managers of an approved school may, if those managers are a local authority or a joint committee representing two or more local authorities, be served either personally or by post upon their clerk, and in any other case, may be served either personally or by post upon any one of the managers, or their secretary, or the headmaster of the school.

(5)An order, licence, or other document may be authenticated on behalf of the managers of an approved school, if they are a local authority or a joint committee representing two or more local authorities, by the signature of their clerk or some other officer of the local authority duly authorised in that behalf, and in any other case, by the signature of one of the managers or their secretary, or of the headmaster.

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Amendments (Textual)

F32Words in s. 106(1) repealed (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(4), 168(1), Sch. 12 Pt. I (with Sch. 11 paras. 1, 2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9Power to apply s. 106(3) conferred by Criminal Justice Act 1948 (c. 58), s. 49(2)

107 Interpretation.E+W

(1)In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say,—

  • [F34Approved school” means a school approved by the Secretary of State under section seventy-nine of this Act;]

  • [F34Approved school order” means an order made by a court sending a . . . F35 person to an approved school;]

  • F36 . . .

  • “Chief officer of police” F37. . . as regards Scotland has the same meaning as in [F38the M1Police (Scotland) Act 1967], and as regards Northern Ireland means a district inspector of the Royal Ulster Constabulary;

  • Child” means a person under the age of fourteen years;

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F39

  • Guardian”, in relation to a child or young person, includes any person who, in the opinion of the court having cognisance of any case in relation to the child or young person or in which the child or young person is concerned, has for the time being the [F40care of] the child or young person;

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F41

  • F42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • [F43Legal guardian”, in relation to a child or young person, means a guardian of a child as defined in the Children Act 1989]

  • [F44legal representative” means a person who, for the purposes of the Legal Services Act 2007, is an authorised person in relation to an activity which constitutes the exercise of a right of audience or the conduct of litigation (within the meaning of that Act);]

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F45

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F46

  • Place of safety” means [F47a community home provided by a local authority or a controlled community home, any] police station, or any hospital, surgery, or any other suitable place, the occupier of which is willing temporarily to receive a child or young person;

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F48

  • Prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Secretary of State;

  • Public place” includes any public park, garden, sea beach or railway station, and any ground to which the public for the time being have or are permitted to have access, whether on payment or otherwise;

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F49

  • Street” includes any highway and any public bridge, road, lane, footway, square, court, alley or passage, whether a thoroughfare or not;

  • [F50young person” means a person who has attained the age of fourteen and is under the age of eighteen years.]

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F51

(3)References in this Act to any enactment or to any provision in any enactment shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed as references to that enactment or provision as amended by any subsequent enactment including this Act.

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Amendments (Textual)

F36Definitions in s. 107(1) repealed (E.W.) (14. 10. 1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108(6)(7), Sch. 15 ( with Sch. 14 para. 27(4)); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2).

F37Words in s. 107(1), in the definition of "Chief officer of police" repealed (22.8.1996) by 1996 c. 16, ss. 103, 104(1), Sch. 9 Pt.I

F39Definition repealed (1.4.1981) by Child Care Act 1980 (c. 5), s. 89, Sch. 6

F40Words in s. 107(1) substituted (E.W.) (14. 10. 1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108(5)(6), Sch. 13 para. 7(a),( with Sch. 14 para. 1(1)); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2).

F42S. 107: definition of "intoxicating liquor" repealed (24.11.2005) by Licensing Act 2003 (c. 17), ss. 198, 199, 201, Sch. 6 para. 15, Sch. 7 (with ss. 2(3), 15(2), 195); S.I. 2005/3056, art. 2(2)

F43Definition in s. 107(1) substituted (E.W.) (14. 10. 1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108(5)(6), Sch. 13 para. 7(b) ( with Sch. 14 para. 1(1)); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2).

F44S. 107: definition of "legal guardian" inserted (1.10.2010) by Legal Services Act 2007 (c. 29), ss. 208, 211, Sch. 21 para. 20 (with ss. 29, 192, 193); S.I. 2009/3250, art. 2(h) (with art. 9)

F45Definitions repealed by Children and Young Persons Act 1969 (c. 54), Sch. 6 and spent

F50Definition in s. 107(1) substituted (E.W.) (1.10.1992 except to the extent that it would otherwise apply to s. 34 of this Act as mentioned in art. 2(4) of S.I. 1992/333) by Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53, SIF 39:1), ss. 68, 101(1), Sch. 8 para. 1(3), Sch. 12 para. 22(1); S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(2)(4), Sch. 2.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10Definition of “Chief officer of police”amended by S. R. & O. (N.I.) 1970 No. 111, reg. 6(b)

Marginal Citations

108 Transitory provisions.E+W

(1)Without prejudice to the provisions of [F52the M2Interpretation Act 1978] with respect to repeals, the transitory provisions set out in the Fifth Schedule to this Act shall have effect for the purposes of the transition to the provisions of this Act from the provisions of the enactments repealed by the M3Children and Young Persons Act 1932, and by this Act.

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F53

(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F53

(4)References in any Act or other document to [F54youth courts] under the M4Children Act 1908, shall be construed as including references to such courts under this Act.

(5)References in any Act or other document to any enactment repealed and re-enacted with or without modifications by this Act F55. . . shall be construed as including references to the corresponding provision of this Act.

F56(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amendments (Textual)

F52Words substituted by virtue of Interpretation Act 1978 (c. 30), s. 25(2)

F55Words in s. 108(5) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt.VIII.

F56S. 108(6) repealed (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 50, s. 1(1), Sch. 1 Pt.VIII.

Marginal Citations

109†Short title, commencement, extent, and repeals.E+W
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11Unreliable marginal note.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Children and Young Persons Act 1933.

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F57

(3)Save as therein otherwise expressly provided, this Act shall not extend to Scotland or Northern Ireland.

(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F57

Annotations: Help about Annotation
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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11Unreliable marginal note.

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