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Administration of Justice Act 1960

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

FIRST SCHEDULEModifications of Sections 1 to 9 in relation to Appeals from Courts-Martial Appeal Court

1(1)The power to grant bail under section four or section five shall not be exercised by the Courts-Martial Appeal Court except in respect of persons who—

(a)not being subject to the Naval Discipline Act, 1957, to military law or to air force law, are liable by virtue of any of the provisions of 'the Naval Discipline Act, 1957, the Army Act, 1955, or the Air Force Act, 1955, to be tried as if they were so subject; or

(b)are subject to the Naval Discipline Act, 1957, by virtue only of subsection (1) of section one hundred and nineteen of that Act (which relates to sentenced offenders).

(2)Where bail is granted by the court under section four or section five it may be granted subject to the like conditions and other incidents and subject to the like power of variation and revocation as in the case of bail granted by the Court of Criminal Appeal.

(3)In subsection (4) of section five the references to any provision of the Mental Health Act, 1959, shall include references to the corresponding provision of the enactments for the time being in force in Scotland and Northern Ireland with respect to prisoners or other persons suffering from mental illness or other mental disorder.

2(1)In section seven, for the references to an order for the restitution of property there shall be substituted references to an order under section seventy-six of the Naval Discipline Act, 1957. section one hundred and thirty-eight of the Army Act, 1955, or section one hundred and thirty-eight of the Air Force Act, 1955.

(2)In subsection (2) of section seven for the reference to section eighteen of the Criminal Appeal Act, 1907, there shall be substituted a reference to section twenty-two of the Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951.

(3)In subsection (3) of section seven the reference to the court which convicted a person shall, in relation to an appeal relating to a conviction under the Naval Discipline Act, 1957, include a reference to the Admiralty.

3(1)Section eight shall not apply, but the following provisions of this paragraph shall apply instead.

(2)Section ten of the Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951 (which enables the Courts-Martial Appeal Court to grant legal assistance to an appellant under that Act) shall have effect as if references to an appeal and an appellant included references to an appeal under section one of this Act and to the defendant (whether appellant or respondent in the appeal).

(3)Where the Courts-Martial Appeal Court or the House of Lords dismisses an application for leave to appeal under the said section one, that court or that House may—

(a)where the application was made by the Admiralty or the Secretary of State, direct the payment by the Admiralty or the Secretary of State, as the case may require, of such sums as appear to the court or the House to be reasonably sufficient to compensate the defendant for any expenses properly incurred by him in resisting the application ;

(b)where the application was made by the defendant, make the like order as may be made by the court under subsection (3) of section thirteen of the Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951, where it dismisses an application for leave to appeal to that court;

and any order made under paragraph (b) of this sub-paragraph may be enforced in the same manner as an order made under the said subsection (3).

(4)Except as provided by sub-paragraph (3) of this paragraph and subsection (2) of the said section thirteen (which empowers the House of Lords to award costs to a defendant who is successful on an appeal to that House) no costs shall be allowed on the hearing or determination of an appeal under section one of this Act from the Courts-Martial Appeal Court or of any proceedings preliminary or incidental to such an appeal.

4For subsection (1) of section nine there shall be substituted the following subsection:—

(1)Section twenty-two of the Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951 (which provides for the making of rules of court for the purposes of Part I of that Act) shall have effect as if references to the said Part I included references to the foregoing provisions of this Act so far as they relate to the Courts-Martial Appeal Court.

SECOND SCHEDULEModifications of Act in relation to Northern Ireland

Part IGeneral Modifications

1For any reference to the Court of Criminal Appeal there shall be substituted a reference to the Court of Criminal Appeal in Northern Ireland.

2For references to the High Court and the Court of Appeal there shall be substituted references to the High Court of Justice in Northern Ireland and the Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland respectively, and references to a Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division shall be construed accordingly.

3Any reference to a magistrates' court shall be construed as a reference to a court of summary jurisdiction or a resident magistrate or justice of the peace sitting out of petty sessions to hear and determine any charge which he has power so to hear and determine.

4For references to the Criminal Appeal Act, 1907, and the provisions of that Act set out in the first column of the following Table there shall be substituted references to the Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act, 1930, and the provisions set out in the second column of that Table. Table

Criminal Appeal Act, 1907Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act, 1930
Section tenSubsection (2) of section ten
Section fourteenSection thirteen
Section eighteenSection sixteen

5For any reference to an order of mandamus, prohibition or certiorari there shall be substituted a reference to a writ of mandamus, prohibition or certiorari.

6Any reference in a provision of this Act to any other provision of this Act shall be construed as a reference to that other provision as modified by this Schedule, and any reference in this Act to an enactment shall be construed as including references to an enactment of the Parliament of Northern Ireland.

Part IISpecific Modifications

Section one

At the end of subsection (1) there shall be added the following paragraph:—

(c)from any decision of the Court of Appeal in a criminal cause or matter upon a case stated by a county court or a magistrates' court.

Section four

(1)For subsection (2) there shall be substituted the following subsection:—

(2)Without prejudice to any other power of the Supreme Court or a judge thereof to grant bail, a person seeking to appeal from the Court of Appeal or the Divisional Court of the Queen's Bench Division under section one of this Act may be admitted to bail by the court below pending the appeal; and in relation to any recognizances to be entered into under section three of the Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1857, or under section twenty-six of the Summary Jurisdiction and Criminal Justice Act (Northern Ireland), 1935, any reference in those sections to the judgment of the Court of Appeal shall be construed as including a reference to the judgment of the House of Lords or, if the case is remitted by that House to the Court of Appeal, to the judgment of that court on the case as so remitted.

(2)In subsection (3) the reference to the Divisional Court shall include a reference to the Court of Appeal.

Section five

In subsection (4), for any reference to any provision of the Mental Health Act, 1959, there shall be substituted a reference to the corresponding provision of the enactments for the time being in force in Northern Ireland with respect to prisoners or other persons suffering from mental illness or other mental disorder.

Section six

In subsection (2) for references to section forty-five of the Prison Act, 1952, there shall be substituted references to the Second Schedule to the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953.

Section eight

(1)In subsection (1), the words from " and subsection (3)" to " the said section ten" shall be omitted, and for subsection (2) there shall be substituted the following subsection:—

(2)The fees of any counsel, and the expenses and fees of any solicitor, assigned to a defendant by virtue of subsection (1) of this section, in either case up to an amount allowed by the House of Lords or by such officer or officers of that House as may be prescribed by order of that House, shall be paid by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

(2)In subsection (3), for any reference to an order for the payment out of local funds of any sums referred to in that section there shall be substituted a reference to an order for payment by the Ministry of Home Affairs of such sums.

(3)After subsection (3) there shall be inserted the following subsection:—

(3A)Where an appeal to the House of Lords from the Court of Criminal Appeal in Northern Ireland under section one of this Act is determined in favour of the defendant, the House of Lords may, if it thinks fit, order the payment by the Ministry of Home Affairs of such sums as appear to the House reasonably sufficient to compensate the defendant for any expenses properly incurred by him—

(a)in the appeal to the House of Lords or in the proceedings before the Court of Criminal Appeal, as the case may be (including the cost of any application for leave to appeal); or

(b)in carrying on his defence before the court of assize or county court, at the preliminary investigation and before any other court of assize or county court before which proceedings for the offence in respect of which he was committed for trial were begun but not concluded.

(4)In subsection (4), the words from "and section four" to " that House) " shall be omitted.

(5)For subsection (5) there shall be substituted the following subsection :—

(5)Where the Court of Criminal Appeal or the House of Lords orders the payment of costs by the defendant under this section, the order shall be enforceable in the same manner as an order for payment of costs made by the High Court in a civil case.

Section nine

For subsection (2) there shall be substituted the following subsection :—

(2)Without prejudice to the power to make rules of court under section sixty-one of the Supreme Court of Judicature Act (Ireland), 1877, any such rules may be made—

(a)for determining the cases in which the powers of the Divisional Court or Court of Appeal under this Act may be exercised by a judge thereof;

(b)for prescribing the persons before whom and the manner in which a recognizance shall be entered into, or other security given, where bail is granted to a person under section four or section five of this Act pending an appeal under section one of this Act from the decision of a Divisional Court or the Court of Appeal, and the manner in which any such recognizance or security may be enforced ; and

(c)for authorising the recommittal of any person to whom bail is so granted.

Section twelve

For paragraph (b) of subsection (1) there shall be substituted the following paragraph:—

(b)where the proceedings are brought under the law for the time being in force in Northern Ireland with respect to the care or custody of, or to the property and affairs of, persons suffering from mental illness or other mental disorder;.

Section thirteen

(1)In subsection (2), for paragraphs (a) to (c) there shall be substituted the following paragraphs:—

(a)from an order or decision of any inferior court (including a county court) or of a single judge of the High Count, or of any court having the powers of the High Court or a judge of that Court, to the Court of Appeal;

(b)from an order or decision of the Court of Appeal (including a decision of that court on an appeal under this section) and from an order or decision of a Divisional Court, the Court of Criminal Appeal or the Courts-Martial Appeal Court, to the House of Lords.

(2)For subsection (5) there shall be substituted the following subsection:—

(5)In this section ' court' includes any tribunal or person having power to punish for contempt; and references in this section to an order or decision of a court in the exercise of jurisdiction to punish for contempt include references—

(a)to an order or decision of the High Court or a county court under any enactment enabling that court to deal with an offence as if it were contempt of court;

(b)to an order or decision of a county court under section fifty-seven or section one hundred and forty-one of the County Courts Act (Northern Ireland), 1959 ;

(c)to an order or decision of a magistrates' court under subsection (2) of section thirty-four of the Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1879, or under any corresponding enactment for the time being in force in Northern Ireland, but do not include references to orders under section six or section six A of the Debtors Act (Ireland), 1872, under any provision of the Summary Jurisdiction Acts (Northern Ireland) or the County Courts Act (Northern Ireland), 1959, except those referred to in paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subsection and except sections seventy-one and one hundred and forty of the last-mentioned Act so far as those sections confer jurisdiction in respect of contempt of court.

Section fourteen

(1)In subsection (2) the words from " and no such application " to the end of the subsection shall be omitted.

(2)In subsection (3) for any reference to a provision of the Mental Health Act, 1959, there shall be substituted a reference to the corresponding provision of the enactments for the time being in force in Northern Ireland with respect to prisoners or other persons suffering from mental illness or other mental disorder.

Section sixteen

(1)For any reference to a court of quarter sessions there shall be substituted a reference to a county court.

(2)In subsection (2), the words from " but in computing " to the end shall be omitted.

(3)At the end of the section there shall be added the following subsections :—

(4)The High Court or a judge thereof may release from custody a person who has been convicted or sentenced by a magistrates' court and has applied to the High Court for a writ of certiorari to remove the proceedings of the magistrates' court into the High Court on his entering into a recognizance, with or without sureties, conditioned for his appearance, within ten days after the judgment of the High Court shall have been given, unless the conviction or sentence is quashed by that judgment.

(5)The time during which a person is admitted to bail under this section shall not count as any term of imprisonment or detention under his sentence, and any sentence of imprisonment or detention imposed by a magistrates' court or, on appeal, by a county court after the imposition of which a person is so admitted to bail shall be deemed to begin to run or to be resumed as from the date on which he is received under the sentence in the prison or other place where he is to be detained.

(6)Without prejudice to the power to make rules of court under section sixty-one of the Supreme Court of Judicature Act (Ireland), 1877, any such rules may prescribe the persons before whom and the manner in which a recognizance under subsection (4) of this section shall be entered into by a person applying for a writ of certiorari and the manner in which such a recognizance may be enforced and may authorise the recommittal of persons so applying.

Section seventeen

(1)In subsection (3), any reference to a Divisional Court shall include a reference to the Court of Appeal.

(2)Subsection (5) shall be omitted.

THIRD SCHEDULEMinor and Consequential Amendments

EnactmentAmendment
The Summary Jurisdiction Act, 1857. 20 & 21 Vict. c. 43.

In section six, after the words " seem fit; and " there shall be inserted the words

except as provided by the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

The Criminal Appeal Act, 1907. 7 Edw. 7. c. 23.

In section one, in subsection (6), for the words from the beginning to " subject thereto" there shall be substituted the words

Except as provided by the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section nineteen, for the words from " on the consideration " to " so convicted " there shall be substituted the words

on an application made to him by a person convicted on indictment or without any such application,

and for the words " heard and determined by the Court of Criminal Appeal as in the case of an appeal by a" there shall be substituted the words

treated for all purposes as an appeal to that Court by the.

The Supreme Court of Judicature (Consolidation) Act, 1925. 15 & 16 Geo. 5. c. 49.

In section thirty-one, in subsection (1), in paragraph (a), after the words " this Act " there shall be inserted the words

or the Administration of Justice Act. 1960.

The Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act, 1930. 20 & 21 Geo. 5. c. 45.

In section six, in subsection (1), for the words from the beginning to " subject thereto " there shall be substituted the words

Except as provided by the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section seventeen, in subsection (1), for the words from " on the consideration " to " so convicted " there shall be substituted the words

on an application made to him by a person convicted on indictment or without any such application,

and for the words " heard and determined by the Court as in the case of an appeal by a " there shall be substituted the words

treated for all purposes as an appeal to the Court by a.

In section eighteen, after the words " except as provided by this Act" there shall be inserted the words

or the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

The Criminal Justice Act, 1948. 11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 58.

In section thirty-eight, in subsection (2), after the words " for the purposes of the appeal " there shall be inserted the words

nor in the case of a reference under paragraph (a) of section nineteen of that Act.

The Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951. 14 & 15 Geo. 6. c. 46.

In section seven, in subsection (1), for the words from the beginning to " this subsection " there shall be substituted the words

Except as provided by the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section thirteen, in subsection (2), for the words " subsection (1) of section seven of this Act" there shall be substituted the words

section one of the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section sixteen, after the word " Act" there shall be inserted the words

or the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section seventeen, after the words " this Part of this Act" there shall be inserted the words

or the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

In section nineteen, after the words " this Act" wherever they occur there shall be inserted the words

or the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

The Costs in Criminal Cases Act, 1952. 15 & 16 Geo. 6 and 1 Eliz. 2. c. 48.

In section four, in subsection (1), for the words " subsection (6) of section one of the Criminal Appeal Act, 1907," there shall be substituted the words

section one of the Administration of Justice Act, 1960,

and after the word " Lords " in the third place where it occurs there shall be inserted the words

(including any application for leave to appeal under that section).

In section ten, in subsection (2), for the words " under this Act" there shall be substituted the words

under section three of this Act, or that court or the House of Lords orders the payment of costs by the defendant under section eight of the Administration of Justice Act, 1960.

FOURTH SCHEDULEEnactments Repealed

Session and ChapterShort TitleExtent of Repeal
39 & 40 Vict. c. 59.The Appellate Jurisdiction Act, 1876.Section ten.
45 & 46 Vict. c. 50.The Municipal Corporations Act, 1882.In section ninety-two, in subsection (6), the words from " except" to the end of the subsection.
47 & 48 Vict. c. 70.The Municipal Elections (Corrupt and Illegal Practices) Act, 1884.In section twenty-eight, subsection (7).
7 Edw. 7. c. 23.The Criminal Appeal Act, 1907.In section nineteen, the words " with a view to the determination of the petition ".
15 & 16 Geo. 5. c. 86.The Criminal Justice Act, 1925.Section sixteen.
20&21 Geo. 5. c. 45.The Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act, 1930.

In section six, subsection (2).

In section thirteen, subsection (3).

In section seventeen, in subsection (1), in paragraph (b), the words " with a view to the determination of the petition ".

11 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 58.The Criminal Justice Act, 1948.

In section thirty-eight, subsection (6).

In the Ninth Schedule, the amendment of section nineteen of the Criminal Appeal Act, 1907.

12, 13 & 14 Geo. 6. c. 68.The Representation of the People Act, 1949.

In section one hundred and fifteen, in subsection (6), the words from " except" to the end of the subsection.

In section one hundred and forty-nine, subsection (10).

14 & 15 Geo. 6. c. 46.The Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 1951.

In section seven, subsection (2).

In section fourteen, in subsection (1), paragraphs (c) and (d), and in subsection (2), the words from " and any appeal" to " conviction " in the last place where it occurs.

15 & 16 Geo. 6 & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 48.The Costs in Criminal Cases Act, 1952.In section three, in subsection (4), the words " and the next following ".
5 & 6 Eliz. 2. c. 52.The Geneva Conventions Act, 1957.In section four, subsection (2) and, in subsection (3), the words from " and the last foregoing " to the end of the subsection.

Table of Statutes referred to in this Act

Short TitleSession and Chapter
Crown Cases Act, 184811 & 12 Vict. c. 78.
Summary Jurisdiction Act, 185720 & 21 Vict. c. 43.
Debtors Act, 186932 & 33 Vict. c. 62.
Debtors Act (Ireland), 187235 & 36 Vict. c. 57.
Appellate Jurisdiction Act, 187639 & 40 Vict. c. 59.
Supreme Court of Judicature Act (Ireland), 187740 & 41 Vict. c. 57.
Summary Jurisdiction Act, 187942 & 43 Vict. c. 49.
Sale of Goods Act, 189356 & 57 Vict. c. 71.
Criminal Appeal Act, 19077 & 8 Edw. 7. c. 23.
Government of Ireland Act, 192010 & 11 Geo. 5. c. 67.
Criminal Appeal (Northern Ireland) Act, 193020 & 21 Geo. 5. c. 45.
Criminal Justice Act, 194811 & 12 Geo. 6. c. 58.
Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act, 195114 & 15 Geo. 6. c. 46.
Costs in Criminal Cases Act, 195215 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 48.
Prison Act, 195215 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 52.
Magistrates' Courts Act, 195215 & 16 Geo. 6. & 1 Eliz. 2. c. 55.
Army Act, 19553 & 4 Eliz. 2. c. 18.
Air Force Act, 19553 & 4 Eliz. 2. c. 19.
Geneva Conventions Act, 19575 & 6 Eliz. 2. c. 52.
Naval Discipline Act, 19575 & 6 Eliz. 2. c. 53.
County Courts Act, 19597 & 8 Eliz. 2. c. 22.
Mental Health Act, 19597 & 8 Eliz. 2. c. 72.

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