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F31All persons who do not take a direct part or who have ceased to take part in hostilities, whether or not their liberty has been restricted, are entitled to respect for their person, honour and convictions and religious practices. They shall in all circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction. It is prohibited to order that there shall be no survivors.E+W+S+N.I.
F42Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, the following acts against the persons referred to in paragraph 1 are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever:E+W+S+N.I.
(a)violence to the life, health and physical or mental well-being of persons, in particular murder as well as cruel treatment such as torture, mutilation or any form of corporal punishment;
(c)taking of hostages;
(d)acts of terrorism;
(e)outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment, rape, enforced prostitution and any form of indecent assault;
(f)slavery and the slave trade in all their forms;
(h)threats to commit any of the foregoing acts.
F53Children shall be provided with the care and aid they require, and in particular:E+W+S+N.I.
(a)they shall receive an education, including religious and moral education, in keeping with the wishes of their parents or, in the absence of parents, of those responsible for their care;
(b)all appropriate steps shall be taken to facilitate the reunion of families temporarily separated;
(c)children who have not attained the age of fifteen years shall neither be recruited in the armed forces or groups nor allowed to take part in hostilities;
(d)the special protection provided by this Article to children who have not attained the age of fifteen years shall remain applicable to them if they take a direct part in hostilities despite the provisions of sub-paragraph (c) and are captured;
(e)measures shall be taken, if necessary, and whenever possible with the consent of their parents or persons who by law or custom are primarily responsible for their care, to remove children temporarily from the area in which hostilities are taking place to a safer area within the country and ensure that they are accompanied by persons responsible for their safety and well-being.
F71In addition to the provisions of Article 4, the following provisions shall be respected as a minimum with regard to persons deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict, whether they are interned or detained:E+W+S+N.I.
(a)the wounded and the sick shall be treated in accordance with Article 7;
(b)the persons referred to in this paragraph shall, to the same extent as the local civilian population, be provided with food and drinking water and be afforded safeguards as regards health and hygiene and protection against the rigours of the climate and the dangers of the armed conflict;
(c)they shall be allowed to receive individual or collective relief;
(d)they shall be allowed to practise their religion and, if requested and appropriate, to receive spiritual assistance from persons, such as chaplains, performing religious functions;
(e)they shall, if made to work, have the benefit of working conditions and safeguards similar to those enjoyed by the local civilian population.
F82Those who are responsible for the internment or detention of the persons referred to in paragraph 1 shall also, within the limits of their capabilities, respect the following provisions relating to such persons:E+W+S+N.I.
(a)except when men and women of a family are accommodated together, women shall be held in quarters separated from those of men and shall be under the immediate supervision of women;
(b)they shall be allowed to send and receive letters and cards, the number of which may be limited by competent authority if it deems necessary;
(c)places of internment and detention shall not be located close to the combat zone. The persons referred to in paragraph 1 shall be evacuated when the places where they are interned or detained become particularly exposed to danger arising out of the armed conflict, if their evacuation can be carried out under adequate conditions of safety;
(d)they shall have the benefit of medical examinations;
(e)their physical or mental health and integrity shall not be endangered by any unjustified act or omission. Accordingly, it is prohibited to subject the persons described in this Article to any medical procedure which is not indicated by the state of health of the person concerned, and which is not consistent with the generally accepted medical standards applied to free persons under similar medical circumstances.
F93Persons who are not covered by paragraph 1 but whose liberty has been restricted in any way whatsoever for reasons related to the armed conflict shall be treated humanely in accordance with Article 4 and with paragraphs 1 (a), (c) and (d), and 2 (b) of this Article.E+W+S+N.I.
F104If it is decided to release persons deprived of their liberty, necessary measures to ensure their safety shall be taken by those so deciding.E+W+S+N.I.
F121This Article applies to the prosecution and punishment of criminal offences related to the armed conflict.E+W+S+N.I.
F132No sentence shall be passed and no penalty shall be executed on a person found guilty of an offence except pursuant to a conviction pronounced by a court offering the essential guarantees of independence and impartiality. In particular:E+W+S+N.I.
(a)the procedure shall provide for an accused to be informed without delay of the particulars of the offence alleged against him and shall afford the accused before and during his trial all necessary rights and means of defence;
(b)no one shall be convicted of an offence except on the basis of individual penal responsibility;
(c)no one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a criminal offence, under the law, at the time when it was committed; nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than that which was applicable at the time when the criminal offence was committed; if, after the commission of the offence, provision is made by law for the imposition of a lighter penalty, the offender shall benefit thereby;
(d)anyone charged with an offence is presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law;
(e)anyone charged with an offence shall have the right to be tried in his presence;
(f)no one shall be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt.
F143A convicted person shall be advised on conviction of his judicial and other remedies and of the time-limits within which they may be exercised.E+W+S+N.I.
F154The death penalty shall not be pronounced on persons who were under the age of eighteen years at the time of the offence and shall not be carried out on pregnant women or mothers of young children.E+W+S+N.I.
F165At the end of hostilities, the authorities in power shall endeavour to grant the broadest possible amnesty to persons who have participated in the armed conflict, or those deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict, whether they are interned or detained.E+W+S+N.I.
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