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Army Act 1955

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  • Act continued by S.I. 2004/1496 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued by S.I. 2006/1910 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued by S.I. 2007/2123 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued (temp. from 1/9/2005 until 31/8/2006) by S.I. 2005/2021 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued (temp. until 1.9.2004) by S.I. 2003/1869 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued (until 8/11/2009) by S.I. 2008/1780 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act continued (until 8/11/2010) by S.I. 2009/1752 art. 2 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act expires 8.11.2007 by 2006 c. 52 s. 382 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act power to amend conferred by 2006 c. 52 s. 381 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Act repealed by 2006 c. 52 Sch. 17 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • Blanket Amendment words substituted by 2005 c. 4 Sch. 11 para. 5 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

  • s. 74 74A substituted for s. 74 by S.I. 2008/1694 art. 3 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))
  • s. 120ZA inserted by S.I. 2008/1694 art. 25 (This effect relates to the Army Act 1955 (3 & 4 Eliz. 2 c. 18))

Commencement Orders yet to be applied to the Army Act 1955

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Commencement Orders

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

209 Application of Act to civilians.E+W+S+N.I.

(1)Subject to the modifications hereinafter specified, where any body of the regular forces is on activeservice, Part II of this Act shall apply to any person who is employed in the service of that body of theforces or any part or member thereof, or accompanies the said body or any part thereof, and is not subjectto military law, [F1the M1Naval Discipline Act 1957], or air-force law apart from this section or any corresponding provisions of that Act or the M2Air Force Act 1955, as the said Part II applies to persons subject to military law.

(2)Subject to the modifications hereinafter specified, Part II of this Act shall at all times apply to aperson of any description specified in the Fifth Schedule to this Act who is within the limits of thecommand of any officer commanding a body of the regular forces outside the United Kingdom, and is notsubject to military law, [F1the M3Naval Discipline Act 1957], or air-force law apart from this section or any corresponding provisions of that Act or the M4Air Force Act 1955, as the said Part II applies to persons subject to military law:

Provided that none of the provisions contained in sections twenty-four to sixty-nine of this Act shallapply to a person by virtue only of this subsection [F2except section 29, sections 35 and 36, sections 55 to 57, and section 68 so far asit relates to those sections.]

(3)The said modifications are the following:

[F3(a)on a trial—

(i)a court-martial may award the punishments specified in paragraphs F4. . . (b) and (h) of section 71(1)above, except that section 71(5)(a) above shall not apply to the amount of a fine;

(ii)a Standing Civilian Court established under the M5Armed Forces Act 1976 may award anypunishment authorised for such courts by section 8 of that Act; and

(iii)a court-martial or Standing Civilian Court may make any order authorised by Schedule 5A below;

(aa)any such order shall be treated as a punishment for the purposes of this Act;

(ab)paragraph 15 of Schedule 5A below shall have effect in substitution for the words in section 71(1) abovefrom “and references in this Act" to the end;]

(b)the punishment which may be awarded where a charge is dealt with summarily shall, in the case of anyoffence, be a fine not exceeding [F5£100], but no other punishment;

(c)the following provision shall have effect in substitution for subsections (2) to (4) of sectionseventy-four, that is to say that a person may be arrested by a provost officer, by any warrant officer ornon-commissioned officer legally exercising authority under a provost officer or on his behalf, or by orderof any officer of the regular forces;

[F6(ca)section 75J(2)(b) above shall have effect with the omission of the words from the beginning to “of this Act";

F6(cb)section 75K(6) above shall have effect with the omission of paragraph (a);]

(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)the provisions of this Act relating to the investigation of, and summary dealing with, offences shallsave as otherwise expressly provided apply as they apply to officers and warrant officers;

(f)for the purposes of [F7Part 2 of this Act], the commandingofficer shall be such officer as may be determined by or under regulations of [F8the Defence Council] made for the purposes of this section;

[F9(fa)a court-martial for the trial of any such person as in mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) above mayinclude in place of the correspondiong number of [F10officers or warrant officers]

(i)if it is a general court-martial F11. . ., not more than two persons who arein the service of the Crown and are persons such as are mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) above, and

(ii)if it is a district court-martial F11. . ., nor more than one person who isin the service of the Crown and is himself a person such as is mentioned in either of those subsections,

but a person who is a member of a court-martial by virtue of this paragraph shall not be appointed thepresident of the court-martial;]

[F12(faa)references to the officers appointed members of a court-martial shall be construed as including references to persons who are members of a court-martial by virtue of paragraph (fa) above;]

[F13(fab)where the summary appeal court hears an appeal brought by any such person as is mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) above and the court would otherwise include two officers qualified under section 83ZC of this Act for membership of the court, the court may include in place of either or both of them a corresponding number of persons who are in the service of the Crown and are persons such as are mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) above,

F13(fac)references in Part II of this Act to the officers qualified under section 83ZC for membership of the summary appeal court shall be construed as including references to persons who are members of that court by virtue of paragraph (fab) above,]

(fb)

F14(g)for references in sections one hundred and thirty-one and one hundred and thirty-two of this Act tobeing, continuing, or ceasing to be subject to military law there shall be substituted references to being,continuing to be or ceasing to be in such circumstances that the said Part II applies, and subsection (3)of the said section one hundred and thirty-one shall not apply.

[F15(3A)For the purposes of paragraph (g) of subsection (3) of this section a person shall be deemed not to haveceased to be in such circumstances as are mentioned in that paragraph if he has so ceased by reason onlyof one or both of the following, namely—

(a)the fact that he has ceased to be within the limits of a command within whose limits he continues tohave his ordinary residence or to serve or to be employed;

(b)the fact that there has been an interruption of his residence with a family of persons whose place ofresidence continues to be his home.]

[F16(3B)In their application to any area for which Standing Civilian Courts are established under the M6Armed Forces Act 1976—

F17(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F18(aa)section 83 above shall have effect as if after subsection (1) there were inserted the following subsection—

(1A)Regulations under this section may provide for sections 76 to 76C of this Act to have effect subject to such modifications as may be specified in relation to charges which may be tried by Standing Civilian Courts and which are brought against persons whom such courts may try.]

[F19(b)section 103(1) above shall have effect as if the following paragraph were inserted after paragraph (b)—]

[F19(c)the hearing by courts-martial of appeals against findings and sentences of Standing Civilian Courts.]

(c)subsection (3) above shall have effect in relation to charges which may be tried by Standing CivilianCourts and which are brought against persons whom such courts may try, but without prejudice to its effectin relation to other charges, as if the following paragraph were substituted for paragraph (e):—

(e)sections 76, [F20to 76C] above shall apply as they apply to officers and warrant officers, subjectto such modifications [F20as may be specified by regulations under section 83 of this Act] and by any order under paragraph 12 of Schedule 3 of the ArmedForces Act 1976;]

F21(3C). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F22(4)A fine awarded against any person by virtue of this section by a court-martial, a Standing CivilianCourt or the appropriate superior authority, and a sum which an order under paragraph 11 of Schedule 5Abelow requires any person to pay shall be recoverable, in the United Kingdom or any colony, as a debt dueto Her Majesty.

(4A)The registration of a financial penalty enforcement order under section 133A above shall not affect thepower of recovery in a colony conferred by subsection (4) above.

(4B)Section 199 above shall apply to persons such as are mentioned in subsection (1) or (2) above, as itapplies to persons subject to military law.]

[F23(5)This section does not apply to any person to whom section 208A above applies.]

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words substituted by virtue of Naval Discipline Act 1957 (c. 53), s. 137(2)

F4Word in s. 209(3)(a)(i) repealed (11.5.2001) by 2001 c. 19, s. 38, Sch. 7 Pt. 4

F7Words in s. 209(3)(f) substituted (1.10.2001) by 2001 c. 19, s. 34, Sch. 6 Pt. 6 para. 50(3); S.I. 2001/3234, art. 2 (subject to art. 3(2))

F8Words substituted by S.I. 1964/488, Sch. 1 Pt. I

F10Words in s. 209(3)(fa) inserted (28.2.2002) by 2001 c. 19, s. 19, Sch. 2 para. 7; S.I. 2002/345, art. 2 (subject to transitional provisions in art. 3)

F11Words in s. 209(3)(fa) repealed (1.4.1997 subject to art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) by 1996 c. 46, ss. 5, 35(2), Sch. 1 Pt. IV para. 71(b), Sch. 7 Pt. I; S.I. 1997/304, arts. 2, 3 (with transitional provisons in Sch. 2)

F12S. 209(3)(faa) inserted (1.4.1997 subject to art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) by 1996 c. 46, s. 5, Sch. 1 Pt. IV para. 71(c); S.I. 1997/304, arts. 2, 3 (with transitional provisions in Sch. 2)

F18S. 209(3B)(aa) inserted (1.4.1997 subject to art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) by 1996 c. 46, s. 5, Sch. 1 Pt. IV para. 72(1)(2); S.I. 1997/304, arts. 2, 3 (with transitional provisions in Sch. 2)

F19S. 209(3B)(b)(c) substituted (1.4.1997 subject to art. 3 of the commencing S.I.) for s. 209(3B)(b) by 1996 c. 46, s. 5, Sch. 1 Pt. IV para. 72(1)(3); S.I. 1997/304, arts. 2, 3 (with transitional provisions in Sch. 2)

F20Words in s. 209(3B)(c) substituted (1.4.1997 subject to art. 3) by 1996 c. 46, s. 5, Sch. 1 Pt. IV para. 72(1)(4); S.I. 1997/304, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in Sch. 2)

F22S. 209(4)(4A)(4B) substituted for s. 209(4) by Armed Forces Act 1976 (c. 52), Sch. 9para. 7

Marginal Citations

M21955c. 19.

M41955c. 19.

M61976c. 52.

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