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Mines and Quarries Act 1954

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Commencement Orders bringing legislation that affects this Act into force:

Part XIVE+W+S Offences, Penalties and Legal Proceedings

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

152 Offences. E+W+S

(1)In the event of a contravention, in relation to a mine, of—

(a)a provision of this Act, of an order made thereunder or of regulations, not being a provision which expressly provides that a person is to be guilty of an offence; or

(b)a direction, prohibition, restriction or requirement given or imposed by a notice served under or by virtue of this Act by an inspector; or

(c)a condition attached to an exemption, consent, approval or authority granted or given under or by virtue of this Act by [F1the Health and Safety Executive] or an inspector;

[F2(d)a requirement or prohibition imposed by or under health and safety regulations which expressly apply to all mines, any class of mine to which the mine belongs or the mine;]

each of the following persons shall, subject to the following provisions of this Act, be guilty of an offence, namely, the owner of the mine, any person to whom written instructions have been given by the owner in pursuance of section one of this Act specifying as, or including amongst, the matters with respect to which that person is charged with securing the fulfilment in relation to the mine of statutory responsibilities of the owner, matters of the class to which the provision, direction, prohibition, restriction, requirement or condition relates, the manager of the mine, any person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as the manager, ever under-manager of the mine and any person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as an under-manager thereof.

F3(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)In the event of a contravention, in relation to a mine, by a person other than one mentioned in subsection (1) of this section, of such a provision as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection, [F4or such a requirement or prohibition as is mentioned in paragraph (d) of that subsection, whereby there is expressly imposed on that person or on persons of a class to which he belongs a duty or requirement or he or persons of a class to which he belongs or all persons are expressly prohibited] from doing a specified act, the person who contravened that provision, as well as the persons mentioned in the said subsection (1), shall be guilty of an offence, F5. . ..

(4)Neither the manager of a mine as such, F6. . . nor a person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as the manager of a mine F6. . ., nor an under-manager of a mine, nor a person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as such an under-manager shall, by virtue of subsection (1) F6. . . of this section, be guilty of an offence by reason of a contravention by the owner of the mine F7. . . of—

(a)any provision of this Act, of an order made thereunder or of regulations, being a provision which expressly imposes on the owner of the mine F7. . . a duty or requirement or a prohibition; F8. . .

(b)any prohibition, restriction or requirement which, by virtue of a notice served under or by virtue of this Act by an inspector, is expressly imposed on the owner of the mine F7. . .; [F9or]

[F10(c)any requirement or prohibition expressly imposed by or under such health and safety regulations as are mentioned in paragraph (d) of [F11subsection] (1) F12. . .of this section on the owner of the mine F7. . .].

F13. . ..

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Amendments (Textual)

F1Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 2 para. 3

F4Words substituted by S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 2 para. 12(c)

F5Words in s. 152(3) omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F6Words in s. 152(4) omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F11Word in s. 152(4)(c) substituted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F13Words in s. 152(4) omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

153 Accessories.E+W+S

Without prejudice to the operation—

(a)as respects England and Wales, of section eight of the M1Accessories and Abettors Act 1861, and [F14section 44 of the M2Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980]; and

(b)as respects Scotland, of section sixty-one of the M3Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1887, and section two of the M4Summary Jurisdiction (Scotland) Act 1954;

any person who induces or procures, or consents to or connives at, the commission of an offence under this Act, shall be guilty of an offence.

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Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

154 Supplementary provisions as to offences.E+W+S

(1)If any persons are employed at a mine F15. . . otherwise than in accordance with the provisions of this Act, orders made thereunder and regulations, there shall be deemed to be a separate contravention in respect of each person so employed.

(2)If a person acts as manager of a mine in contravention of the provisions of subsection (1) of section five of this Act, of any condition attached to an approval granted under that subsection or of a direction given by a notice served under subsection (2) of that section, there shall be deemed to be a separate contravention in relation to each mine as manager of which he acts.

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Amendments (Textual)

F15Words in s. 154(1) omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

155 Penalty for offences for which no express penalty is provided. E+W+S

(1)A person guilty of an offence under this Act for which no express penalty is provided shall be liable—

(a)if he is the owner of a mine or quarry, a person to whom instructions have been given by the owner of a mine or quarry in pursuance of section one of this Act, the manager of a mine or a manager of a quarry, a person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as the manager of a mine or a manager of a quarry, an under-manager of a mine, a person who is for the time being treated for the purposes of this Act as such an under-manager or the surveyor for a mine, to a fine not exceeding [F16two hundred pounds][F16level 4 on the standard scale]; and

(b)if not, to a fine not exceeding [F17twenty pounds][F17level 1 on the standard scale];

and, if the contravention in respect of which he was convicted is continued after the conviction, he shall be guilty of a further offence and liable, in respect thereof, to a fine not exceeding five pounds for each day on which the contravention is so continued.

(2)Where the court by which a person is convicted of any such offence as aforesaid is satisfied that the contravention in respect of which he is convicted—

(a)was likely to cause the death of, or serious bodily injury to, a person employed at the mine or quarry in relation to which the contravention occurred or a dangerous accident; or

(b)was likely to endanger the safety of any such person; the court may impose upon the person convicted (either in addition to, or in substitution for, a fine) imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months.

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Amendments (Textual)

F16S. 155(1)(a) for “£200” there is substituted (S.) “level 4 on the standard scale” by virtue of Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (c. 21, SIF 39:1), ss. 289F, 289G, 457A

F17S. 155(1)(b) for “£20” there is substituted (S.) “level 1 on the standard scale” by virtue of Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975 (c. 21, SIF 39:1), ss. 289F, 289G, 457A

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 155 repealed except in respect of a contravention of a provision of s. 151(1) by S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 1 Pt. I

156 Defence available to person charged with offence not committed personally.E+W+S

In any proceedings under this Act which, by virtue of subsection (1) F18. . . of section one hundred and fifty-two of this Act, are taken against a person in respect of the contravention by a person other than himself of—

(a)a provision of the Act, of an order made thereunder or of regulations, being a provision which expressly imposes on that other person or on persons of a class to which, at the time of the contravention, he belonged, a duty or requirement or expressly prohibits him or persons of such a class or all persons from doing a specified act; or

(b)a prohibition, restriction or requirement which by virtue of a notice served under or by virtue of this Act by an inspector is expressly imposed on that other person;

[F19(c)a requirement or prohibition imposed by or under health and safety regulations which expressly apply to all mines F20. . ., any class of mine F20. . . or a particular mine F20. . . being a requirement expressly imposed on that person or on persons of a class to which, at the time of the contravention, he belonged or a prohibition expressly imposed on him or on persons of such class or on all persons from doing a specified act;]

it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that he used all due diligence to secure compliance with the provision, prohibition, restriction or requirement, as the case may be.

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Amendments (Textual)

F18Words in s. 156 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F20Words in s. 156(c) omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

157 Persons not to be under liability for contraventions which it was impracticable to avoid or prevent. E+W+S

It shall be a defence in any legal proceedings to recover damages and in any prosecution, in so far as the proceedings or prosecution are or is based on an allegation of a contravention, in relation to a mine F21. . ., of—

(a)a provision of this Act, of an order made thereunder or of regulations (not being a provision which expressly provides that a person is to be guilty of an offence); or

(b)a direction, prohibition, restriction, or requirement given or imposed by a notice served under or by virtue of this Act by an inspector; or

(c)a condition attached to an exemption, consent, approval or authority granted or given under or by virtue of this Act by [F22the Health and Safety Executive] or an inspector;

[F23(d)a requirement or prohibition imposed by or under such health and safety regulations as are mentioned in subsection (1)(d) or (2)(d) of section 152 of this Act;]

to prove that it was impracticable to avoid or prevent the contravention.

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Amendments (Textual)

F21Words in s. 157 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F22Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 2 para. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 157 excluded (1.4.1989 and 1.4.1994) by S.I. 1988/1729, regs. 1(1)(a)(b), 11, restricted by S.I. 1988/1930, regs. 3, 15, excluded by S.I. 1989/635, reg. 28

C6S. 157 excluded (1.4.1993 except in so far as those regulations apply to mines of tin or tin ore and 1.1.1996 in so far as they do apply to mines of tin or tin ore) by S.I. 1993/302, regs. 1, 21.

C7S. 157 restricted (1.10.1993) by S.I. 1993/1897, reg. 39.

C8S. 157 excluded (1.4.1993) by 1993/208, reg. 40(2).

C9S. 157 excluded (1.1.1994) by 1993/2331, reg. 7.

S. 157 excluded (26.10.1995) by S.I. 1995/2005, reg. 9

S. 157 excluded (28.12.1995) by S.I. 1995/2870, reg. 29

S. 157 excluded (1.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/2463, reg. 16

F24158. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F24S. 158 repealed (1.10.1993) by S.I. 1993/1897, reg. 41(1), Sch. 3 Pt.I.

159 Liability of owners for breaches of statutory duty by their servants.E+W+S

For the removal of doubts it is hereby declared that the owner of a mine F25. . . is not absolved from liability to pay damages in respect of a contravention, in relation to the mine F25. . ., by a person employed by him of—

(a)a provision of this Act, of an order made thereunder or of regulations; or

(b)a prohibition, restriction or requirement imposed by a notice served under or by virtue of this Act by an inspector;

by reason only that the provision contravened was one which expressly imposed on that person or on persons of a class to which, at the time of the contravention, he belonged, a duty or requirement or expressly prohibited that person, or persons of such a class or all persons from doing a specified act or, as the case may be, that the prohibition, restriction or requirement was expressly imposed on that person or that that person was, in pursuance of this Act or regulations, appointed by a person other than the owner.

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Amendments (Textual)

F25Words in s. 159 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

160 Liability of parents for unlawful employment of young personsE+W+S

If a young person is employed at a mine F26. . . in contravention of the provisions of this Act, the parent of the young person shall be guilty of an offence and liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding [F27level 1 on the standard scale], unless it appears to the court that the contravention occurred without the consent, connivance or wilful default of the parent.

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Amendments (Textual)

F26Words in s. 160 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

161. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F28E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F29162. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

163 Prosecution of offences.E+W+S

(1)Any offence under this Act with respect to the trial of which no express provision is made by this Act may be tried either summarily or upon indictment.

(2)—(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F30

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10S. 163(1) repealed except in respect of a contravention of a provision of s. 151(1) by S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 1 Pt. I

164 Restriction on institution of certain proceedings. E+W+S

No proceedings for an offence under this Act shall, in England or Wales, be instituted against any such person as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section one hundred and fifty-five of this Act except by an inspector or by or with the consent of the Minister or the Attorney General.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 164 repealed except in respect of a contravention of a provision of s. 151(1) by S.I. 1974/2013, Sch. 1 Pt. 1

165 Duty to report results of proceedings against persons employed at mines or quarries.E+W+S

(1)An owner or manager of a mine F31. . . by whom are instituted proceedings against a person employed at the mine F31. . . for an offence under this Act shall, within twenty-one days after the conclusion of the trial of that person for that offence, give to the inspector for the district notice of the result of the trial and shall also, within twenty-one days after the conclusion of any proceedings by way of appeal arising out of the trial, give to the inspector for the district notice of the result of those proceedings.

(2)For the purposes of this section the bringing of proceedings before the High Court to quash a conviction by order of certiorari shall be deemed to be an appeal.

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Amendments (Textual)

F31Words in s. 165 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

166 Liability of parents for unlawful employment of children.E+W+S

For the purposes of any proceedings under this Act in respect of the employment of children in contravention of . . . F32, [F33section one hundred and thirty six of the M5Education (Scotland) Act 1962,] or section one of the M6Employment of Women, Young Persons and Children Act 1920 (being enactments which prohibit the employment of children in factories [F34and], mines F35. . . and, so far as they relate to mines F35. . ., are incorporated with this Act), the references in section one hundred and sixty of this Act to a young person shall be construed as including references to a child within the meaning of . . . F32 the said section seventeen or the said section one, as the case may be.

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Amendments (Textual)

F33Words substituted by virtue of Interpretation Act 1978 (c. 30), s. 17(2)

F34Word in s. 166 inserted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

F35Words in s. 166 omitted (1.1.2000) by S.I. 1999/2024, regs. 1(1), 47(1)(2), Sch. 2 Pt. II

Marginal Citations

167. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F36E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

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