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Data Protection Act 2018

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14Automated decision-making authorised by law: safeguardsE+W+S+N.I.
This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)This section makes provision for the purposes of Article 22(2)(b) of the GDPR (exception from Article 22(1) of the GDPR for significant decisions based solely on automated processing that are authorised by law and subject to safeguards for the data subject's rights, freedoms and legitimate interests).

(2)A decision is a “significant decision” for the purposes of this section if, in relation to a data subject, it—

(a)produces legal effects concerning the data subject, or

(b)similarly significantly affects the data subject.

(3)A decision is a “qualifying significant decision” for the purposes of this section if—

(a)it is a significant decision in relation to a data subject,

(b)it is required or authorised by law, and

(c)it does not fall within Article 22(2)(a) or (c) of the GDPR (decisions necessary to a contract or made with the data subject's consent).

(4)Where a controller takes a qualifying significant decision in relation to a data subject based solely on automated processing—

(a)the controller must, as soon as reasonably practicable, notify the data subject in writing that a decision has been taken based solely on automated processing, and

(b)the data subject may, before the end of the period of 1 month beginning with receipt of the notification, request the controller to—

(i)reconsider the decision, or

(ii)take a new decision that is not based solely on automated processing.

(5)If a request is made to a controller under subsection (4), the controller must, within the period described in Article 12(3) of the GDPR—

(a)consider the request, including any information provided by the data subject that is relevant to it,

(b)comply with the request, and

(c)by notice in writing inform the data subject of—

(i)the steps taken to comply with the request, and

(ii)the outcome of complying with the request.

(6)In connection with this section, a controller has the powers and obligations under Article 12 of the GDPR (transparency, procedure for extending time for acting on request, fees, manifestly unfounded or excessive requests etc) that apply in connection with Article 22 of the GDPR.

(7)The Secretary of State may by regulations make such further provision as the Secretary of State considers appropriate to provide suitable measures to safeguard a data subject's rights, freedoms and legitimate interests in connection with the taking of qualifying significant decisions based solely on automated processing.

(8)Regulations under subsection (7)—

(a)may amend this section, and

(b)are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure.

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Commencement Information

I1S. 14 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 212(2)(f)

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