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Data Protection Act 2018

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Equality of opportunity or treatmentE+W+S+N.I.

8(1)This condition is met if the processing—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)is of a specified category of personal data, and

(b)is necessary for the purposes of identifying or keeping under review the existence or absence of equality of opportunity or treatment between groups of people specified in relation to that category with a view to enabling such equality to be promoted or maintained,

subject to the exceptions in sub-paragraphs (3) to (5).

(2)In sub-paragraph (1), “specified” means specified in the following table—

Category of personal dataGroups of people (in relation to a category of personal data)
Personal data revealing racial or ethnic originPeople of different racial or ethnic origins
Personal data revealing religious or philosophical beliefsPeople holding different religious or philosophical beliefs
Data concerning healthPeople with different states of physical or mental health
Personal data concerning an individual's sexual orientationPeople of different sexual orientation

(3)Processing does not meet the condition in sub-paragraph (1) if it is carried out for the purposes of measures or decisions with respect to a particular data subject.

(4)Processing does not meet the condition in sub-paragraph (1) if it is likely to cause substantial damage or substantial distress to an individual.

(5)Processing does not meet the condition in sub-paragraph (1) if—

(a)an individual who is the data subject (or one of the data subjects) has given notice in writing to the controller requiring the controller not to process personal data in respect of which the individual is the data subject (and has not given notice in writing withdrawing that requirement),

(b)the notice gave the controller a reasonable period in which to stop processing such data, and

(c)that period has ended.

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