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High Speed Rail (London - West Midlands) Act 2017

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 and compensation enactments

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

2(1)The modifications referred to in paragraph 1(a) are as follows.

(2)References in CPA 1965 to land are, in appropriate contexts, to be read (according to the requirements of the particular context) as referring to, or as including references to—

(a)the right acquired or to be acquired or (as the case may be) the restrictive covenant imposed or to be imposed, or

(b)the land over which the right is, or is to be, exercisable or (as the case may be) the restrictive covenant is, or is to be, enforceable.

(3)For section 7 of CPA 1965 substitute—

7Measure of compensation in case of purchase of new right or imposition of new restrictive covenant

In assessing the compensation to be paid by the acquiring authority under this Act, regard shall be had, not only to the extent (if any) to which the value of the land over which the right is acquired or the restrictive covenant is imposed is depreciated by the acquisition of the right or the imposition of the covenant, but also to the damage (if any) to be sustained by the owner of the land by reason of its severance from other land of the owner, or injuriously affecting that other land by the exercise of the powers conferred by this or the special Act.

(4)In section 8 of CPA 1965 (provisions as to divided land), for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)This subsection applies where—

(a)a notice to treat in respect of a right over, or restrictive covenant affecting, land consisting of a house, building or manufactory or of a park or garden belonging to a house (“the relevant land”) has been served on a person under section 5 of this Act,

(b)in consequence of the service of the notice, a question of disputed compensation in respect of the acquisition of the right or imposition of the covenant would, apart from this section, fall to be determined by the Upper Tribunal, and

(c)before the Upper Tribunal has determined that question, the person on whom the notice has been served satisfies the Upper Tribunal that the relevant conditions are met.

(1A)The relevant conditions are—

(a)that the person has an interest which the person is able and willing to sell in the whole of the relevant land,

(b)where the relevant land consists of a house, building or manufactory, that it cannot be made subject to the right or covenant without material detriment to it, and

(c)where the relevant land consists of a park or garden belonging to a house, that it cannot be made subject to the right or covenant without seriously affecting the amenity or convenience of the house.

(1B)Where subsection (1) above applies—

(a)the compulsory purchase order shall, in relation to the person on whom the notice to treat has been served—

(i)cease to authorise the acquisition of the right or imposition of the covenant to which the notice relates, and

(ii)be deemed to authorise the acquisition of that person’s interest in the whole of the relevant land including, where the land consists of a park or garden belonging to a house, the house, and

(b)the notice to treat shall be deemed to have been served in respect of that interest on such date as the Upper Tribunal directs.

(1C)Any question as to the extent of the land in which the compulsory purchase order is deemed to authorise the purchase of an interest by virtue of subsection (1B)(a)(ii) of this section shall be determined by the Upper Tribunal.

(1D)Where the Upper Tribunal determines that the person on whom a notice to treat has been served has satisfied the Upper Tribunal as mentioned in subsection (1)(c) of this section, the acquiring authority may withdraw the notice at any time within the period of six weeks beginning with the date of the determination.

(1E)Subsection (1D) of this section is without prejudice to any other power of the acquiring authority to withdraw the notice to treat.

(5)The following provisions of CPA 1965 (which state the effect of a deed poll executed in various circumstances where there is no conveyance by persons with interests in the land)—

  • section 9(4) (failure of owners to convey),

  • paragraph 10(3) of Schedule 1 (owners under incapacity),

  • paragraph 2(3) of Schedule 2 (absent and untraced owners), and

  • paragraphs 2(3) and 7(2) of Schedule 4 (common land),

are so modified as to secure that, as against persons with interests in the land which are expressed to be overridden by the deed, the right which is to be acquired compulsorily or the benefit of the covenant which is to be imposed is vested absolutely in the acquiring authority.

(6)Section 11 of CPA 1965 (powers of entry) is modified so as to secure that, where the acquiring authority have served notice to treat in respect of any right or restrictive covenant as well as the notice required by subsection (1) of that section (as it applies to a compulsory acquisition under section 4(1)), they have power, exercisable in the same circumstances and subject to the same conditions, to enter for the purpose of exercising that right or enforcing that covenant; and sections 12 (penalty for unauthorised entry) and 13 (entry on enforcement officer’s or sheriff’s warrant in the event of obstruction) of that Act are modified accordingly.

(7)Section 20 of CPA 1965 (compensation for short-term tenants) applies with the modifications necessary to secure that persons with such interests in land as are mentioned in that section are compensated in a manner corresponding to that in which they would be compensated on a compulsory acquisition of the land, but taking into account only the extent (if any) of such interference with such interests as is actually caused, or likely to be caused, by the exercise of the right or enforcement of the restrictive covenant in question.

(8)Section 22 of CPA 1965 (protection of acquiring authority’s possession of land where interest accidentally omitted from purchase) is so modified as to enable the acquiring authority, in circumstances corresponding to those referred to in that section, to continue to be entitled to exercise the right acquired or enforce the restrictive covenant imposed, subject to compliance with that section as respects compensation.

(9)In the Land Compensation Act 1973, for section 44 substitute—

44Compensation for injurious affection

(1)Where—

(a)a right over land is acquired from any person for the purpose of works which are to be situated partly on that land and partly elsewhere, or

(b)a restrictive covenant over land is imposed on any person for the purpose of such works,

compensation for injurious affection of land retained by that person shall be assessed by reference to the whole of the works and not only the part situated on the land over which the right is exercisable or the covenant is enforceable.

(2)In this section, “compensation for injurious affection” means compensation for injurious affection under section 7 or 20 of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 as applied by paragraph 1 of Schedule 9 to the High Speed Rail (London - West Midlands) Act 2017.

(10)For section 58 of that Act substitute—

58Determination of material detriment where right over part of house etc proposed for compulsory acquisition

(1)Subsection (2) applies where the Upper Tribunal is determining under section 8(1)(c) of the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965, as applied by paragraph 1 of Schedule 9 to the High Speed Rail (London - West Midlands) Act 2017 whether—

(a)a right over or restrictive covenant affecting part of a house, building or manufactory can be taken without material detriment to the house, building or manufactory, or

(b)a right over or restrictive covenant affecting part of a park or garden belonging to a house can be taken without seriously affecting the amenity or convenience of the house.

(2)The Tribunal shall take into account, not only the effect of the right or covenant on the whole of the house, building or manufactory or of the house and the park or garden, but also the use to be made of the right or covenant proposed to be acquired or imposed and, in a case where the right or covenant is proposed to be acquired or imposed for works or other purposes extending to other land, the effect of the whole of the works and the use to be made of the other land.

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