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Savings (Government Contributions) Act 2017

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

SCHEDULES

Section 1

SCHEDULE 1Lifetime ISAs: further provision

Part 1Introductory

Interpretation: meaning of “bonus”, “plan manager” and “document”

1(1)In this Schedule “bonus” means a government bonus under section 1.

(2)For the meaning of “plan manager”, in relation to a Lifetime ISA, see section 696(2) of the Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005.

(3)In this Schedule “document” includes a part of a document (except where the context otherwise requires).

HMRC responsible for administration of bonuses and withdrawal charges

2(1)HMRC are responsible for—

(a)the payment and management of bonuses, and

(b)the collection and management of amounts payable under paragraph 8 (charges on some withdrawals from Lifetime ISAs).

(2)Treasury regulations may make provision about or in connection with—

(a)the payment and administration of bonuses;

(b)the collection and administration of amounts payable under paragraph 8.

(3)The following provisions of this Schedule do not limit the generality of the powers under sub-paragraph (2).

Part 2Payment of government bonuses

Claims for bonuses

3(1)Treasury regulations may—

(a)provide that a bonus is payable only if a claim for it is made in accordance with Treasury regulations;

(b)require a person who is or was the plan manager of a Lifetime ISA to make a claim for a bonus for qualifying additions made to the Lifetime ISA.

(2)With regards to claims for bonuses, Treasury regulations may—

(a)specify the periods within which claims are to be made;

(b)specify the information to be included in claims;

(c)specify the periods to which claims are to relate;

(d)specify the form or manner in which claims are to be made;

(e)make provision about the assessment of claims;

(f)specify steps to be taken if a claim is rejected in whole or part;

(g)confer rights to a review of a rejection of a claim;

(h)make provision for or in connection with appeals against rejections of claims;

(i)provide for amendment of a claim if errors are discovered in it.

(3)Treasury regulations may authorise HMRC to specify any of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(b) to (d).

Recovery of wrongly-paid bonus

4(1)Treasury regulations may provide for the repayment of any amount paid by way of bonus that ought not to have been paid.

(2)The regulations may (in particular) make provision—

(a)identifying the persons liable to make a repayment;

(b)charging interest on repayable amounts;

(c)for collecting a repayment and any interest charged on it.

(3)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (2)(c) includes (in particular) provision applying or incorporating, with or without modifications, any enactment that makes provision in relation to the recovery of amounts of income tax or capital gains tax which has been repaid to a person but which ought not to have been repaid to the person.

Penalties for inaccuracies in claims

5(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)a claim for a bonus contains information which is inaccurate,

(b)the inaccuracy is material, and

(c)condition A, B or C is met.

(2)Condition A is that the inaccuracy is careless or deliberate.

(3)An inaccuracy is careless if it is due to a failure by the claimant to take reasonable care.

(4)Condition B is that the claimant knows of the inaccuracy at the time the claim is made but does not inform an officer of Revenue and Customs at that time.

(5)Condition C is that the claimant—

(a)discovers the inaccuracy some time later, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to inform an officer of Revenue and Customs.

(6)The claimant is liable to a penalty not exceeding the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 40A(5) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties for inaccurate information and documents).

(7)Where the information contains more than one material inaccuracy, a penalty is payable for each inaccuracy.

(8)Paragraphs 46 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under this paragraph as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 40A of that Schedule.

Information notice may require information related to claim for bonus

6(1)This paragraph applies where a claim is made for a bonus for any qualifying additions.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice require a relevant plan manager or a person who has made any of the additions—

(a)to provide the officer with any information, or

(b)to produce a document to the officer,

if the officer reasonably requires the information or document in connection with the claim.

(3)Paragraphs 6(2), 7, 8, 18 to 20, 23 to 27, 42 and 43 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (information notices etc) apply in relation to notices under sub-paragraph (2) as they apply in relation to notices under paragraph 1 of that Schedule (see the definition of “information notice” in paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule).

(4)Where a notice under sub-paragraph (2) is given to a person other than a relevant plan manager, an officer of Revenue and Customs must give a copy of the notice to each relevant plan manager.

(5)A person who is given a notice under sub-paragraph (2) may appeal against the notice or any requirement in the notice.

(6)Paragraph 32 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (procedures for appeals against information notices) applies for the purposes of an appeal under sub-paragraph (5) as it applies for the purposes of an appeal under Part 5 of that Schedule, except that a reference to an information notice has effect as a reference to a notice under sub-paragraph (2).

(7)A person is a “relevant plan manager” for the purposes of this paragraph if the person—

(a)is the plan manager of any Lifetime ISA to which any of the qualifying additions was made,

(b)was the plan manager of a Lifetime ISA at or after the time any of the qualifying additions was made to that Lifetime ISA, or

(c)is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA to which the bonus would be or has been paid.

Part 3Charges on some withdrawals from Lifetime ISAs

Withdrawals not triggering charge

7(1)Paragraph 8 does not apply to a withdrawal from a Lifetime ISA—

(a)at a time after the investor has reached such age as may be specified in Treasury regulations (but see sub-paragraph (3));

(b)for the purposes of a first-time residential purchase being made by the investor (but see sub-paragraph (4));

(c)at a time when the investor is suffering from a terminal illness;

(d)at a time after the investor’s death;

(e)that is by way of transfer to another Lifetime ISA.

(2)Treasury regulations may specify other withdrawals from a Lifetime ISA to which paragraph 8 does not apply.

(3)Treasury regulations may provide, as an exception to sub-paragraph (1)(a), that paragraph 8 applies to a withdrawal from a Lifetime ISA if—

(a)an addition is made to a Lifetime ISA at a time after the investor has reached such age as may be specified in the regulations,

(b)the withdrawal is under the regulations treated as being or including a withdrawal of investments representing the whole or part of the addition, and

(c)the withdrawal is made within a period—

(i)beginning with the date of the addition, and

(ii)of a duration specified in the regulations.

(4)Treasury regulations may specify withdrawals from a Lifetime ISA, which may be withdrawals within sub-paragraph (1)(b), to which paragraph 8—

(a)does not apply at the time of withdrawal, but

(b)comes to apply on a subsequent failure to meet conditions specified in the regulations.

(5)Treasury regulations may make provision supplementing sub-paragraph (1), including (in particular) provision about—

(a)what counts as a “first-time residential purchase”;

(b)whether, or the extent to which, a withdrawal is for the purposes of such a purchase;

(c)when a person is to be considered to be suffering from a terminal illness;

(d)conditions to be met in order for a transfer to count for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(e).

Charge when non-exempt withdrawal made

8(1)Except as provided by or under paragraph 7, this paragraph applies in relation to a withdrawal from a Lifetime ISA.

(2)An amount, equal to the total of—

(a)the specified percentage of so much of the withdrawal as is a withdrawal of sterling, and

(b)the specified percentage of the market value of the rest (if any) of the withdrawal,

is to be paid (in sterling) to HMRC.

(3)Where there is a plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at the time of the withdrawal—

(a)that plan manager and the investor are jointly and severally liable to HMRC for the amount payable under sub-paragraph (2), and

(b)without prejudice to paragraph (a), that plan manager must deduct that amount from the withdrawal and pay the amount deducted to HMRC.

(4)Otherwise, the investor is liable to HMRC for the amount payable under sub-paragraph (2).

(5)In sub-paragraph (2) “specified” means specified by Treasury regulations.

(6)In relation to a withdrawal specified under paragraph 7(4), sub-paragraph (3) has effect as if it provided as follows—

(3)Where, at the time an amount becomes payable under sub-paragraph (2) in the case of the withdrawal, there is a plan manager of the Lifetime ISA (“the original”) or any Lifetime ISA that in accordance with Treasury regulations is a successor to the original—

(a)each such plan manager, and the investor, are jointly and severally liable to HMRC for the amount payable under sub-paragraph (2),

(b)the liability under paragraph (a) of a plan manager of a Lifetime ISA is limited to the amount or value of the investments from time to time held under that Lifetime ISA, and

(c)a plan manager of a Lifetime ISA may meet a liability under paragraph (a) by deducting an amount from that Lifetime ISA and paying the amount deducted to HMRC.

(7)Treasury regulations may make provision for the amount payable under sub-paragraph (2) in the case of a withdrawal to be calculated not as mentioned in that sub-paragraph but in accordance with the regulations.

(8)A percentage specified under sub-paragraph (2), or provision made under sub-paragraph (7), may be such that the amount payable to HMRC under sub-paragraph (2) in the case of a withdrawal is greater than so much of the withdrawal as is attributable, directly or indirectly, to bonuses.

Payment of withdrawal charges

9(1)Treasury regulations may make provision—

(a)for requiring a person who is or was a plan manager of a Lifetime ISA, or the investor, to submit returns of information relating to withdrawals from the Lifetime ISA;

(b)about steps to be taken by the plan manager of a Lifetime ISA before relying on paragraph 7;

(c)specifying the date by which a withdrawal charge must be paid;

(d)charging interest on a withdrawal charge that is due but unpaid;

(e)for collecting a withdrawal charge and any interest charged on it, or otherwise for the purpose of fully implementing paragraph 8;

(f)for refunding a withdrawal charge or any interest paid on it.

(2)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (1)(a) includes (in particular) provision about—

(a)the information to be included in a return;

(b)the form of a return;

(c)the form or manner in which a return is to be submitted;

(d)the period to which a return must relate;

(e)the period within which a return must be made;

(f)enquiries into, and amendments of, a submitted return.

(3)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (1)(e) includes (in particular) provision applying or incorporating, with or without modifications, any enactment relating to the payment, collection or management of a tax.

(4)In this paragraph “withdrawal charge” means an amount payable under paragraph 8.

(5)Treasury regulations may authorise HMRC to specify any of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(a) to (d).

Information notice may require information related to withdrawals

10(1)This paragraph applies if there is a time when any investments held under a Lifetime ISA are attributable, directly or indirectly, to an amount paid by way of bonus for any qualifying additions.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice require a relevant person—

(a)to provide the officer with any information, or

(b)to produce a document to the officer,

if the officer reasonably requires the information or document in connection with establishing whether there have been any withdrawals from the Lifetime ISA and, if so, the details of any such withdrawals.

(3)Each of the following is a “relevant person” for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)the person (if any) who is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at the time mentioned in sub-paragraph (1),

(b)any person who is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at any later time,

(c)the investor, and

(d)any other person who appears to an officer of Revenue and Customs to be a person who may have received the whole or part of a withdrawal from the Lifetime ISA.

(4)Paragraphs 6(2), 7, 8, 18 to 20, 23 to 27, 42 and 43 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (information notices etc) apply in relation to notices under sub-paragraph (2) as they apply in relation to notices under paragraph 1 of that Schedule (see the definition of “information notice” in paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule).

(5)Where a notice under sub-paragraph (2) is given to a person other than the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at the time the notice is given, an officer of Revenue and Customs must give a copy of the notice to that plan manager.

(6)A person who is given a notice under sub-paragraph (2) may appeal against the notice or any requirement in the notice.

(7)Paragraph 32 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (procedure for appeals against information notices) applies for the purposes of an appeal under sub-paragraph (6) as it applies for the purposes of an appeal under Part 5 of that Schedule, except that a reference to an information notice has effect as a reference to a notice under sub-paragraph (2).

Meaning of “investor” and “withdrawal”

11Treasury regulations may make provision about—

(a)who, for purposes of this Schedule, is (or is not) “the investor” in relation to a Lifetime ISA;

(b)what, for purposes of this Schedule, counts (or does not count) as “a withdrawal” in relation to a Lifetime ISA.

Part 4Enforcement of information requirements

Penalties for inaccuracies in information provided in response to requirements

12(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)in complying with a notice under paragraph 6(2) or 10(2), or with a requirement imposed under paragraph 9(1)(a), a person provides inaccurate information or produces a document that contains an inaccuracy,

(b)the inaccuracy is material, and

(c)condition A, B or C is met.

(2)Condition A is that the inaccuracy is careless or deliberate.

(3)An inaccuracy is careless if it is due to a failure by the person to take reasonable care.

(4)Condition B is that the person knows of the inaccuracy at the time the information is provided, or the document is produced, but does not inform an officer of Revenue and Customs at that time.

(5)Condition C is that the person—

(a)discovers the inaccuracy some time later, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to inform an officer of Revenue and Customs.

(6)The person is liable to a penalty not exceeding the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 40A(5) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties for inaccurate information and documents).

(7)Where the information or document contains more than one material inaccuracy, a penalty is payable for each inaccuracy.

(8)Paragraphs 46 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under this paragraph as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 40A of that Schedule.

Power to inspect documents relating to claims

13(1)This paragraph applies where a claim is made for a bonus for any qualifying additions.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may—

(a)enter any business premises of a relevant plan manager, and

(b)inspect documents that are on the premises,

if the officer reasonably requires to inspect the documents in connection with the claim.

(3)A person is a “relevant plan manager” for the purposes of this paragraph if the person—

(a)is the plan manager of any Lifetime ISA to which any of the qualifying additions was made,

(b)was the plan manager of a Lifetime ISA at or after the time any of the qualifying additions was made to that Lifetime ISA, or

(c)is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA to which the bonus would be or has been paid.

(4)See also paragraph 15.

Power to inspect documents relating to withdrawals

14(1)This paragraph applies if there is a time when any investments held under a Lifetime ISA are attributable, directly or indirectly, to an amount paid by way of bonus for any qualifying additions.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may—

(a)enter any business premises of a relevant person, and

(b)inspect documents that are on the premises,

if the officer reasonably requires to inspect the documents in connection with establishing whether there have been any withdrawals from the Lifetime ISA and, if so, the details of any such withdrawals.

(3)Each of the following is a “relevant person” for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)the person (if any) who is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at the time mentioned in sub-paragraph (1),

(b)any person who is the plan manager of the Lifetime ISA at any later time, and

(c)any other person who appears to an officer of Revenue and Customs to be a person who may have received the whole or part of a withdrawal from the Lifetime ISA.

(4)See also paragraph 15.

Supplementary provisions about inspections

15(1)The powers under paragraph 13(2) or 14(2)—

(a)do not include power to enter any part of the premises that is used solely as a dwelling, but

(b)do include power to obtain and record information (whether electronically or otherwise) relating to the documents that have been inspected.

(2)In paragraphs 13(2) and 14(2) “business premises”, in relation to a person, means premises (or any part of premises) that an officer of Revenue and Customs has reason to believe are (or is) used in connection with the carrying on of a business by or on behalf of the person.

(3)Paragraph 12 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (timing of inspections) applies in relation an inspection under paragraph 13(2) or 14(2) as it applies in relation to an inspection under paragraph 10 of that Schedule.

(4)An officer of Revenue and Customs may not inspect a document under paragraph 13 or 14 if or to the extent that, by virtue of a provision of Part 4 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (restrictions on powers) applied by paragraph 6(3) or 10(4), a notice under paragraph 6(2) or 10(2) given at the time of the inspection to the occupier of the premises could not require the occupier to produce the document.

(5)An officer of Revenue and Customs may ask the tribunal to approve an inspection under paragraph 13(2) or 14(2).

(6)Paragraph 13(1A), (2) and (3) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (approval of tribunal for inspections) applies in relation to an application under sub-paragraph (5) as it applies in relation to an application under paragraph 13 of that Schedule relating to an inspection under paragraph 10 of that Schedule.

(7)In this paragraph “the tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or, where determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules, the Upper Tribunal.

Penalties for non-compliance with information requirements

16(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a person who—

(a)fails to make a claim in accordance with a requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 3(1)(b),

(b)fails to comply with a notice under paragraph 6(2) or 10(2) given to the person,

(c)fails to comply with a requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 9(1)(a), or

(d)deliberately obstructs an officer of Revenue and Customs in the course of an inspection under paragraph 13 or 14 that has been approved by the tribunal.

(2)The person is liable to a penalty of the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 39(2) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008.

(3)If the failure or obstruction mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) continues after the date on which a penalty is imposed under sub-paragraph (2) in respect of the failure or obstruction, the person is liable to a further penalty or penalties not exceeding the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 40(2) of that Schedule for each subsequent day on which the failure or obstruction continues.

(4)The reference in sub-paragraph (1)(b) to a person who fails to comply with a notice under paragraph 6(2) or 10(2) includes a person who conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document in breach of paragraph 42 or 43 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 as applied by (as the case may be) paragraph 6(3) or 10(4).

(5)Paragraphs 44 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: liability, assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under sub-paragraph (2) or (3) as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 39 or 40 of that Schedule, except that the reference in paragraph 46(3) to an information notice has effect as a reference to a notice under paragraph 6(2) or 10(2) of this Schedule.

(6)In sub-paragraph (1)(d) “the tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or, where determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules, the Upper Tribunal.

Part 5Further provision about penalties

Penalties for dishonesty

17(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a person who dishonestly does anything, or dishonestly omits to do anything, either—

(a)for the purpose of obtaining an amount by way of bonus to which the person is not entitled, or

(b)for the purpose of assisting another person to obtain an amount by way of bonus to which that other person is not entitled.

(2)The person is liable to a penalty not exceeding the greater of—

(a)£3,000, and

(b)the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b), as the case may be, of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)Sub-paragraph (4) applies to a person who dishonestly does anything, or dishonestly omits to do anything, for the purpose of—

(a)securing that a withdrawal from a Lifetime ISA, other than a withdrawal specified under paragraph 7(4), is made without deduction of any amount that under paragraph 8(3)(b) should be deducted from the withdrawal, or

(b)concealing that an amount has become payable under paragraph 8.

(4)The person is liable to a penalty of an amount not exceeding the greater of—

(a)£3,000, and

(b)the amount that should have been deducted or (as the case may be) the amount concealed.

(5)Treasury regulations may substitute a different amount for the amount for the time being specified in sub-paragraph (2)(a) or (4)(a).

(6)Paragraphs 46 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under this paragraph as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 40A of that Schedule, except that the reference in paragraph 46(4) to the inaccuracy has effect as a reference to the dishonest act or omission.

Part 6Information sharing

Information sharing between HMRC and others

18(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to information which—

(a)is held as mentioned in section 18(1) of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (confidentiality),

(b)relates to withdrawals from a Lifetime ISA, and

(c)is relevant to whether an individual is eligible for a bonus under the Help to Buy: ISA Scheme.

(2)Information to which this sub-paragraph applies may be disclosed to the Administrator for use for the purpose of establishing whether or not an individual is eligible for a bonus under the Help to Buy: ISA Scheme.

(3)In this paragraph—

  • “the Administrator” means the person who for the time being is the Administrator under the Scheme Rules (as from time to time amended or supplemented) of the Help to Buy: ISA Scheme, and

  • “the Help to Buy: ISA Scheme” means the scheme of that name—

    (a)

    announced by the Treasury in March 2015,

    (b)

    launched on 1 December 2015,

    (c)

    for which Scheme Rules were published on that date by the Treasury, and

    (d)

    which is governed by those Scheme Rules (as from time to time amended or supplemented),

and paragraph 1(1) (meaning of “bonus”) does not apply for the purposes of this paragraph.

(4)Information disclosed in reliance on sub-paragraph (2) may not be further disclosed to any other person without the authority of HMRC (which may be general or specific).

(5)If revenue and customs information relating to a person is disclosed in contravention of sub-paragraph (4) and the identity of the person—

(a)is specified in the disclosure, or

(b)can be deduced from it,

section 19 of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (wrongful disclosure) applies in relation to the disclosure as it applies in relation to a disclosure of such information in contravention of section 20(9) of that Act.

(6)In sub-paragraph (5) “revenue and customs information relating to a person” has the meaning given by section 19(2) of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005.

(7)A person who holds any information may disclose that information to HMRC or an officer of Revenue and Customs if the disclosure is made for the purposes of the exercise of any of the functions of HMRC, or an officer of Revenue and Customs, under section 1 and this Schedule.

(8)This paragraph does not limit the circumstances in which information may be disclosed apart from this paragraph.

Section 2

SCHEDULE 2Help-to-Save accounts: further provision

Part 1Introductory

Interpretation: meaning of “bonus”

1In this Schedule “bonus” means a government bonus under section 2.

HMRC responsibility for administration of bonuses

2HMRC are responsible for the payment and management of bonuses, subject to section 2.

Interpretation: meaning of “Help-to-Save account”

3(1)For the purposes of this Act, an account is a “Help-to-Save account” if—

(a)it is an account for money savings,

(b)a single individual is beneficially entitled to all money in the account,

(c)the account is held—

(i)by the individual alone, or

(ii)in some other way authorised by Treasury regulations,

(d)the individual is an eligible person (see paragraph 4) on the eligibility reference dates,

(e)the account is provided by an authorised account provider (see paragraph 9),

(f)the requirements imposed by and under paragraph 10 are met in relation to the account,

(g)the account has been opened in accordance with the requirements imposed by and under paragraph 11, and

(h)the account has not ceased to be a Help-to-Save account.

(2)An account which is a Help-to-Save account ceases to be a Help-to-Save account—

(a)at the end of the maturity period for the account, or

(b)if the requirements imposed by and under paragraph 10 cease to be met in relation to the account before the end of that period.

(3)Treasury regulations may make provision for an account to be treated as a Help-to-Save account.

(4)In this Schedule “the eligibility reference dates”, in relation to an account, means the following dates—

(a)the date on which the application for the account is made, and

(b)the date on which the application is accepted.

(5)For the purposes of this Schedule, a Help-to-Save account is opened for an individual if the account is opened and the individual is the person beneficially entitled to all money in the account.

(6)In this Schedule “the maturity period”, in relation to a Help-to-Save account, means—

(a)the period of 48 calendar months, or such other period as may be specified in Treasury regulations, beginning with the calendar month in which the account is opened, or

(b)if the individual for whom the account is opened becomes terminally ill or dies before the end of the period given by paragraph (a), the period—

(i)beginning with the calendar month in which the account is opened, and

(ii)ending with the individual’s becoming terminally ill or (as the case may be) the individual’s death.

(7)Treasury regulations may make provision for the purposes of sub-paragraph (6)(b) about when an individual is to be considered to become terminally ill.

Part 2Eligibility

“Eligible person”

4(1)For the purposes of this Schedule, an individual is an “eligible person” on a particular day if—

(a)the individual meets one of the benefit entitlement conditions (see paragraphs 5, 6 and 8(1)(a)) on that day, and

(b)the individual meets the UK connection condition (see paragraph 7) on that day.

(2)Treasury regulations may make provision for an individual to be treated as an eligible person for purposes of this Schedule.

Benefit entitlement conditions: working tax credit

5(1)The first benefit entitlement condition is that—

(a)specified conditions relating to working tax credit are met in relation to the individual, and

(b)any other specified conditions are met in relation to the individual.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) “specified” means specified in Treasury regulations.

Benefit entitlement conditions: universal credit

6(1)The second benefit entitlement condition is that—

(a)specified conditions relating to universal credit are met in relation to the individual, and

(b)any other specified conditions are met in relation to the individual.

(2)Conditions specified under sub-paragraph (1)(b) may (in particular) be framed by reference to the single hourly rate for the time being prescribed under section 1(3) of the National Minimum Wage Age 1998.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “specified” means specified in Treasury regulations.

UK connection condition

7(1)The individual meets the “UK connection condition” if the individual is in the United Kingdom.

(2)Treasury regulations may—

(a)specify circumstances in which a person is to be treated as being, or not being, in the United Kingdom;

(b)specify circumstances in which temporary absence from the United Kingdom is disregarded;

(c)modify the application of this Schedule, or regulations under it, in relation to persons of a description specified in the regulations who are treated as being in the United Kingdom for the purposes of this Schedule.

Power to make further provision about eligibility

8(1)Treasury regulations may—

(a)specify benefit entitlement conditions other than those for the time being specified in paragraphs 5 and 6;

(b)make provision about deciding whether an individual is an eligible person.

(2)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1)(a) may (in particular) frame a benefit entitlement condition by reference to having a notice of eligibility issued by HMRC and, in that event, the regulations may make provision—

(a)requiring HMRC to issue such notices;

(b)about the effect of such notices;

(c)about the duration, expiry or withdrawal of such notices;

(d)otherwise in connection with such notices.

Part 3Account providers and features of accounts

Authorised account providers

9(1)Help-to-Save accounts may be provided only by an authorised account provider.

(2)In this Act “authorised account provider” means—

(a)a person who has been approved, for the purposes of the provision of Help-to-Save accounts, by HMRC;

(b)a person or body with whom HMRC or the Treasury have entered into arrangements for the provision of Help-to-Save accounts;

(c)if the Treasury so determine, the Director of Savings.

(3)Treasury regulations may make provision about approvals under sub-paragraph (2)(a), including (in particular) provision as to—

(a)conditions which must be satisfied before approval may be given;

(b)conditions which must be complied with by an approved person;

(c)the withdrawal of approval to provide Help-to-Save accounts, or Help-to-Save accounts of a particular description.

(4)In sub-paragraph (5) “retiring provider” means a person or body that—

(a)expects, or wishes, to cease to be an authorised account provider, or

(b)has ceased to be an authorised account provider,

whether the cessation is total or partial, and whether or not it is on account of withdrawal of approval.

(5)Treasury regulations may make provision requiring a retiring provider to provide—

(a)specified information to HMRC or an officer of Revenue and Customs;

(b)specified information to account holders of a specified description.

Required features of Help-to-Save accounts

10(1)An account is not a Help-to-Save account unless—

(a)under its terms, the amount that may be added to the account each calendar month (excluding interest or other sums paid by the account provider under the terms of the account and excluding any bonus) does not exceed the maximum monthly amount, and

(b)any requirements imposed by Treasury regulations are met in relation to the account.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) “the maximum monthly amount” means £50, or such other amount (which may be nil) as may be specified in Treasury regulations.

(3)Treasury regulations may specify whether the requirement imposed by sub-paragraph (1)(a) relates to—

(a)the gross amount added in a calendar month (ignoring withdrawals and the mentioned exclusions), or

(b)the net amount added in a calendar month after taking account of withdrawals (but ignoring those exclusions).

(4)Treasury regulations made for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) may include provision about deciding whether requirements imposed by the regulations are met.

Opening a Help-to-Save account

11(1)A Help-to-Save account may be opened for an individual if—

(a)an application to open the account is made in accordance with regulations under sub-paragraph (2),

(b)the individual is an eligible person on the eligibility reference dates, and

(c)no Help-to-Save account has previously been opened for the individual.

(2)Treasury regulations may make provision about applications to open a Help-to-Save account, including (in particular)—

(a)provision about the form and manner in which applications may be made;

(b)provision specifying, or enabling HMRC to specify, information which applicants must provide and the persons to whom it must be provided;

(c)provision requiring an application to be made by the individual for whom the account is to be opened;

(d)exceptions to provision under paragraph (c).

(3)Treasury regulations may—

(a)specify circumstances in which an account provider must refuse to open a Help-to-Save account for an individual;

(b)make provision requiring that a Help-to-Save account is to be held by the individual for whom the account is opened and that functions as the holder of the account are to be carried out by the individual;

(c)make provision for exceptions to provision under paragraph (b);

(d)make provision for exceptions to sub-paragraph (1)(c).

(4)Where a contract is entered into by an individual who is 16 or 17 years old in connection with a Help-to-Save account opened for the individual, the contract has effect as if the individual had been 18 or over when it was entered into.

Account provider to be notified about absence from UK

12(1)Treasury regulations may, in connection with any stipulation that (directly or indirectly) links entitlement to bonus in respect of a Help-to-Save account with the presence in the United Kingdom of the individual for whom the account is opened—

(a)impose duties to notify the account provider about absences of the individual from the United Kingdom;

(b)make provision for the imposition of a penalty, which must not exceed £300, for failure to comply with a duty imposed under paragraph (a).

(2)Paragraphs 44, 45, 46(1), 47 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: liability, assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under regulations under sub-paragraph (1)(b) as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 39 of that Schedule.

(3)An assessment of a penalty under regulations under sub-paragraph (1)(b) must be made—

(a)within the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which the failure first came to the attention of an officer of Revenue and Customs, and

(b)within the period of 6 years beginning with the date on which the person became liable to the penalty.

(4)Without prejudice to paragraph 49(2) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (enforcement) as applied by sub-paragraph (2), regulations under sub-paragraph (1)(b) may (in particular) provide for a penalty under such regulations to be deducted from amounts to be paid by way of bonus in respect of the Help-to-Save account concerned.

Further provision about Help-to-Save accounts

13(1)Treasury regulations may, in relation to cases where the balance in a Help-to-Save account held with an authorised account provider is transferred to an account held with another authorised account provider, make provision—

(a)for the account with the other provider to be treated as a Help-to-Save account;

(b)for the two accounts to be treated as a single account.

(2)If the Director of Savings provides Help-to-Save accounts—

(a)the fact that regulations could be made under this Act about any matter does not prevent that matter being dealt with instead in arrangements made with the Director by the Treasury or HMRC,

(b)sums paid into Help-to-Save accounts provided by the Director are not to be paid into the Consolidated Fund, and

(c)sums payable from such accounts are not to be regarded as expenditure of the Director.

(3)Arrangements made between HMRC and a person or body within paragraph 9(2)(b) or (c) may include provision for the making of payments by HMRC to the person or body in respect of the provision of Help-to-Save accounts.

Accounts wrongly treated as Help-to-Save accounts

14(1)Treasury regulations may make provision having effect in a case where a Help-to-Save account is opened for an individual who is not an eligible person on the eligibility reference dates, including where that is established as a result of a determination made with backdated effect after the account is opened for the individual.

(2)The regulations may (in particular) provide for the account to be treated as never having been a Help-to-Save account.

Part 4Government bonuses

Calculation and payment of government bonuses

15(1)The individual for whom a Help-to-Save account is opened is the person entitled to bonus in respect of the account.

(2)Treasury regulations must make provision for the calculation of the amount of bonus to which an individual is entitled in respect of a Help-to-Save account.

(3)The regulations may (in particular) make provision—

(a)for a single amount of bonus for the whole of the maturity period for a Help-to-Save account, or for different amounts of bonus for different parts of that period;

(b)for an amount of bonus to be nil in the case of an account that is closed, or otherwise ceases to be a Help-to-Save account, before the end of its maturity period.

(4)Treasury regulations may make provision about the payment of bonus, and the regulations may (in particular) make provision—

(a)for bonus in respect of a Help-to-Save account to be paid by a single payment (even if the total payable is made up of different amounts for different parts of the maturity period for the account), or by two or more payments;

(b)for bonus paid in respect of an account to be added to the account or otherwise credited or paid out;

(c)about payment of bonus in respect of a Help-to-Save account in cases where payment is made after the death of the individual for whom the account was opened.

(5)Sub-paragraph (1) has effect subject to any provision mentioned in sub-paragraph (4)(c) that is contained in regulations under sub-paragraph (4).

Recovery of wrongly-paid bonus

16(1)Treasury regulations may provide for the repayment of any amount paid by way of bonus that ought not to have been paid (whether because of provision under paragraph 14 or otherwise).

(2)The regulations may (in particular) make provision—

(a)identifying the persons liable to make a repayment;

(b)charging interest on repayable amounts;

(c)for collecting a repayment and interest charged on it.

(3)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (2)(c) includes (in particular) provisions applying or incorporating, with or without modifications, any enactment that makes provision in relation to the recovery of amounts of income tax or capital gains tax which has been repaid to a person but ought not to have been repaid to the person.

Part 5Information

Information sharing between HMRC and others

17(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to information which is held as mentioned in section 18(1) of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (confidentiality).

(2)Information to which this sub-paragraph applies may be disclosed—

(a)to an authorised account provider, or

(b)to any person for use for the purpose of enabling or assisting the exercise of any of the functions of HMRC, or an officer of Revenue and Customs, under section 2 and this Schedule.

(3)Information disclosed in reliance on sub-paragraph (2) may not be further disclosed to any other person without the authority of HMRC (which may be general or specific).

(4)If revenue and customs information relating to a person is disclosed in contravention of sub-paragraph (3) and the identity of the person—

(a)is specified in the disclosure, or

(b)can be deduced from it,

section 19 of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005 (wrongful disclosure) applies in relation to the disclosure as it applies in relation to a disclosure of such information in contravention of section 20(9) of that Act.

(5)In sub-paragraph (4) “revenue and customs information relating to a person” has the meaning given by section 19(2) of the Commissioners for Revenue and Customs Act 2005.

(6)A person who holds information may disclose that information to HMRC or an officer of Revenue and Customs if the disclosure is made for the purposes of the exercise of any of the functions of HMRC, or an officer of Revenue and Customs, under section 2 and this Schedule.

(7)This paragraph does not limit the circumstances in which information may be disclosed apart from this paragraph.

(8)In section 127 of the Welfare Reform Act 2012 (information-sharing between Secretary of State and HMRC), in subsection (7), in the definition of “HMRC function”—

(a)omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (b), and

(b)after paragraph (c) insert , or

(d)which is conferred by or under section 2 of, or Schedule 2 to, the Savings (Government Contributions) Act 2017 (bonuses in respect of savings in Help-to-Save accounts);.

Claims and returns

18(1)Treasury regulations may—

(a)provide that a bonus is payable only if a claim for it is made in accordance with Treasury regulations;

(b)require a person who is or was an authorised account provider to make a claim for a bonus in respect of a Help-to-Save account.

(2)With regards to claims for bonuses, Treasury regulations may—

(a)specify the periods within which claims are to be made;

(b)specify the information to be included in claims;

(c)specify the periods to which claims are to relate;

(d)specify the form or manner in which claims are to be made;

(e)make provision about the assessment of claims;

(f)specify steps to be taken if a claim is rejected in whole or part;

(g)confer rights to a review of a rejection of a claim;

(h)make provision for or in connection with appeals against rejections of claims;

(i)provide for amendment of a claim if errors are found in it.

(3)Treasury regulations may authorise HMRC to specify any of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)(b) to (d).

(4)Treasury regulations may make provision for requiring a person who is or was an authorised account provider—

(a)to keep records relating to a Help-to-Save account;

(b)to submit returns of information relating to the operation of a Help-to-Save account.

(5)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (4)(b) includes (in particular) information about—

(a)the information to be included in a return;

(b)the form of a return;

(c)the period to which a return must relate;

(d)the form or manner in which a return is to be submitted;

(e)the period within which a return must be made;

(f)enquiries into, and amendments of, a submitted return.

(6)Treasury regulations may authorise HMRC to specify any of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (5)(a) to (d).

Information notices

19(1)An officer of Revenue and Customs may by notice require—

(a)a person who has applied to open a Help-to-Save account,

(b)an individual for whom a Help-to-Save account has been opened,

(c)a person who has received an application to open a Help-to-Save account, or

(d)a person who is or has been the provider of a Help-to-Save account,

to provide the officer with any information, or to a produce a document to the officer, if the officer reasonably requires the information or document in connection with functions of HMRC, or an officer of Revenue and Customs, under section 2 or this Schedule.

(2)Paragraphs 6(2), 7, 8, 18 to 20, 23 to 27, 42 and 43 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (information notices etc) apply in relation to notices under sub-paragraph (1) as they apply in relation to notices under paragraph 1 of that Schedule (see the definition of “information notice” in paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule).

(3)Where a notice under sub-paragraph (1) is given to a person other than the provider of the Help-to-Save account at the time the notice is given, an officer of Revenue and Customs must give a copy of the notice to that provider.

(4)A person who is given a notice under sub-paragraph (1) may appeal against the notice or any requirement in the notice.

(5)Paragraph 32 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (procedure for appeals against information notices) applies for the purposes of an appeal under sub-paragraph (4) as it applies for the purposes of an appeal under Part 5 of that Schedule, except that a reference to an information notice has effect as a reference to a notice under sub-paragraph (1).

Penalties for inaccuracies in information provided in response to requirements

20(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)in complying with a requirement imposed under paragraph 18(1)(b) or (4)(b), or with a notice under paragraph 19(1), a person provides inaccurate information or produces a document that contains an inaccuracy,

(b)the inaccuracy is material, and

(c)condition A, B or C is met.

(2)Condition A is that the inaccuracy is careless or deliberate.

(3)An inaccuracy is careless if it is due to a failure by the person to take reasonable care.

(4)Condition B is that the person knows of the inaccuracy at the time the information is provided or the document is produced, but does not inform an officer of Revenue and Customs at that time.

(5)Condition C is that the person—

(a)discovers the inaccuracy some time later, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to inform an officer of Revenue and Customs.

(6)The person is liable to a penalty not exceeding the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 40A(5) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties for inaccurate information and documents).

(7)Where the information or document contains more than one material inaccuracy, a penalty is payable for each inaccuracy.

(8)Paragraphs 46 to 49 and 52 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (penalties: assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under this paragraph as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 40A of that Schedule.

Power to inspect documents relating to claims

21(1)This paragraph applies where a claim is made by an authorised account provider for a bonus in respect of a Help-to-Save account.

(2)An officer of Revenue and Customs may—

(a)enter any business premises of—

(i)that authorised account provider,

(ii)any authorised account provider to whom the balance in the account has been transferred, or

(iii)any authorised account provider to whom funds directly or indirectly representing the whole or part of that balance have been transferred, and

(b)inspect documents that are on the premises,

if the officer reasonably requires to inspect the documents in connection with the claim.

(3)The powers under sub-paragraph (2)—

(a)do not include power to enter any part of the premises that is used solely as a dwelling, but

(b)do include power to obtain and record information (whether electronically or otherwise) relating to the documents that have been inspected.

(4)In sub-paragraph (2) “business premises”, in relation to a person, means premises (or any part of premises) that an officer of Revenue and Customs has reason to believe are (or is) used in connection with the carrying on of a business by or on behalf of the person.

(5)Paragraph 12 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (timing of inspections) applies in relation an inspection under sub-paragraph (2) as it applies in relation to an inspection under paragraph 10 of that Schedule.

(6)An officer of Revenue and Customs may not inspect a document under this paragraph if or to the extent that, by virtue of a provision of Part 4 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (restrictions on powers) applied by paragraph 19(2), a notice under paragraph 19(1) given at the time of the inspection to the occupier of the premises could not require the occupier to produce the document.

(7)An officer of Revenue and Customs may ask the tribunal to approve an inspection under sub-paragraph (2).

(8)Paragraph 13(1A), (2) and (3) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 (approval of tribunal for inspections) applies in relation to an application under sub-paragraph (7) as it applies in relation to an application under paragraph 13 of that Schedule relating to an inspection under paragraph 10 of that Schedule.

(9)In this paragraph “the tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or, where determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules, the Upper Tribunal.

Penalties for non-compliance with information requirements

22(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a person who—

(a)fails to make a claim in accordance with a requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 18(1)(b),

(b)fails to submit a return in accordance with a requirement imposed on the person under paragraph 18(4)(b),

(c)fails to comply with a notice under paragraph 19(1) given to the person, or

(d)deliberately obstructs an officer of Revenue and Customs in the course of an inspection under paragraph 21 that has been approved by the tribunal.

(2)The person is liable to a penalty of the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 39(2) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008.

(3)If the failure or obstruction mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) continues after the date on which a penalty is imposed under sub-paragraph (2) in respect of the failure or obstruction, the person is liable to a further penalty or penalties not exceeding the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 40(2) of that Schedule for each subsequent day on which the failure or obstruction continues.

(4)The reference in sub-paragraph (1)(c) to a person who fails to comply with a notice under paragraph 19(1) includes a person who conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document in breach of paragraph 42 or 43 of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008 as applied by paragraph 19(2).

(5)Paragraphs 44 to 49 and 52 of that Schedule (penalties: liability, assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under sub-paragraph (3) or (4) as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 39 or 40 of that Schedule, except that the reference in paragraph 46(3) to an information notice has effect as a reference to a notice under paragraph 19(1) of this Schedule.

(6)In sub-paragraph (1)(d) “the tribunal” means the First-tier Tribunal or, where determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules, the Upper Tribunal.

23(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies to a person who, in complying with a requirement under paragraph 11(2) when applying for a Help-to-Save account, provides information that is inaccurate if the inaccuracy is material and deliberate.

(2)The person is liable to a penalty of the amount for the time being specified in paragraph 39(2) of Schedule 36 to the Finance Act 2008.

(3)Paragraphs 46 to 49 and 52 of that Schedule (penalties: assessment, appeals and enforcement) apply in relation to a penalty under sub-paragraph (2) as they apply in relation to a penalty under paragraph 39 of that Schedule.

Interpretation: meaning of “document”

24In this Part of this Schedule “document” includes a part of a document (except where the context otherwise requires).

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