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Housing and Planning Act 2016

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

PART 1Amendments to Compulsory Purchase Act 1965

1The Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 is amended as follows.

2In section 8 (material detriment arising from severance of land etc.), for subsection (1) substitute—

(1)Schedule 2A makes provision in respect of a proposal by an acquiring authority to acquire part only of a—

(a)house, building or factory, or

(b)park or garden belonging to a house.

3After Schedule 2 insert—

Section 8

SCHEDULE 2ACounter-notice requiring purchase of land not in notice to treat

PART 1Counter-notice where acquiring authority has not taken possession
Introduction

1(1)This Part applies where an acquiring authority—

(a)serve a notice to treat in respect of part only of a house, building or factory,

(b)have not entered on and taken possession of the land to which the notice to treat relates, and

(c)have not executed a general vesting declaration under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981 in respect of the land to which the notice to treat relates.

(2)But see section 2A of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (under which a compulsory purchase order can exclude from this Schedule land that is 9 metres or more below the surface).

2This Part does not apply by virtue of a notice to treat that is deemed to have been served in respect of part only of a house, building or factory under section 154(5) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (deemed notice to treat in relation to blighted land).

3In this Part—

  • “additional land” means the part of the house, building, or factory not specified in the notice to treat;

  • “house” includes any park or garden belonging to a house;

  • “land proposed to be acquired” means the part of the house, building or factory specified in the notice to treat;

  • “whole of the land” means the land proposed to be acquired and the additional land.

Counter-notice requiring authority to purchase whole of land

4A person who is able to sell the whole of the land (“the owner”) may serve a counter-notice requiring the acquiring authority to purchase the owner’s interest in the whole of the land.

5A counter-notice under this Part must be served within—

(a)the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which the notice to treat was served, or

(b)if it would end earlier, the period specified in a repeat notice of entry served in accordance with section 11A.

Effect of counter-notice on notice of entry

6If the owner serves a counter-notice—

(a)any notice of entry under section 11(1) that has already been served on the owner in respect of the land proposed to be acquired ceases to have effect, and

(b)the acquiring authority may not serve a notice of entry (or a further notice of entry) on the owner under section 11(1) in respect of that land unless they are permitted to do so by paragraph 11 or 12.

Acquiring authority must respond to counter-notice within three months

7On receiving a counter-notice the acquiring authority must decide whether to—

(a)withdraw the notice to treat,

(b)accept the counter-notice, or

(c)refer the counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal.

8The authority must serve notice of their decision on the owner within the period of 3 months beginning with the day on which the counter-notice is served (“the decision period”).

9If the authority decide to refer the counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal they must do so within the decision period.

10If the authority do not serve notice of a decision within the decision period they are to be treated as if they had served notice of a decision to withdraw the notice to treat at the end of that period.

Effects of accepting counter-notice or referring it to the Upper Tribunal

11If the acquiring authority serve notice of a decision to accept the counter-notice—

(a)the compulsory purchase order and the notice to treat are to have effect as if they included the owner’s interest in the whole of the land, and

(b)the authority may serve a notice of entry under section 11(1) in relation to the whole of the land.

12If the acquiring authority serve notice of a decision to refer the counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal, the acquiring authority may serve a notice of entry under section 11(1) on the owner in relation to the land proposed to be acquired.

13If the authority have already served one or more notices of entry under section 11(1) in respect of the land proposed to be acquired the period specified in any new notice of entry in relation to that land must be a period that ends no earlier than the end of the period in the most recent notice of entry.

PART 2Counter-notice where authority has taken possession
Introduction

14(1)This Part applies where an acquiring authority—

(a)have entered on and taken possession of part only of a house, building or factory,

(b)did not enter on and take possession of the land in accordance with section 11(1), whether because they had not served a notice to treat or otherwise, and

(c)have not executed a general vesting declaration under section 4 of the Compulsory Purchase (Vesting Declarations) Act 1981 in respect of the land which they have entered on and taken possession of.

(2)But see section 2A of the Acquisition of Land Act 1981 (under which a compulsory purchase order can exclude from this Schedule land that is 9 metres or more below the surface).

15This Part does not apply if the acquiring authority are deemed to have served a notice to treat in respect of the land proposed to be acquired under section 154(5) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 (deemed notice to treat in relation to blighted land).

16In this Part—

  • “additional land” means the part of the house, building, or factory that the authority have not entered on and taken possession of;

  • “house” includes any park or garden belonging to a house;

  • “land proposed to be acquired” means the part of the house, building or factory that the authority entered on and took possession of otherwise than in accordance with section 11(1);

  • “whole of the land” means the land proposed to be acquired and the additional land.

Counter-notice requiring authority to purchase additional land

17A person who is able to sell the whole of the land (“the owner”) may serve a counter-notice requiring the acquiring authority to purchase the owner’s interest in the whole of the land.

18A counter-notice under this Part must be served within the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which—

(a)the owner first had knowledge that the acquiring authority had entered on and taken possession of the land, or

(b)if later, the owner receives any notice to treat.

Acquiring authority must respond to counter-notice within 3 months

19On receiving a counter-notice the acquiring authority must decide whether to—

(a)accept the counter-notice, or

(b)refer the counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal.

20The authority must serve notice of their decision on the owner within the period of 3 months beginning with the day on which the counter-notice is served (“the decision period”).

21If the authority decide to refer the counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal they must do so within the decision period.

22If the authority do not serve notice of a decision within the decision period they are to be treated as if they had served notice of a decision to accept the counter-notice at the end of that period.

Effects of accepting counter-notice

23(1)This paragraph applies where the acquiring authority serve notice of a decision to accept the counter-notice.

(2)The compulsory purchase order has effect as if it included the owner’s interest in the additional land.

(3)If the acquiring authority have already served a notice to treat in relation to the land proposed to be acquired, the notice has effect as if it also included the owner’s interest in the additional land.

(4)If the acquiring authority have not served a notice to treat, they must serve a notice to treat in relation to the owner’s interest in the whole of the land.

PART 3Determination by the Upper Tribunal
Introduction

24This Part applies where, in accordance with paragraph 9 or 21, the acquiring authority refer a counter-notice to the Upper Tribunal.

25In this Part “land proposed to be acquired” and “additional land” have the meanings given by paragraph 3 or 16 as the case may be.

Role of the Upper Tribunal

26(1)The Upper Tribunal must determine whether the severance of the land proposed to be acquired would—

(a)in the case of a house, building or factory, cause material detriment to the house, building or factory, or

(b)in the case of a park or garden, seriously affect the amenity or convenience of the house to which the park or garden belongs.

(2)In making its determination, the Upper Tribunal must take into account—

(a)the effect of the severance,

(b)the proposed use of the land proposed to be acquired, and

(c)if that land is proposed to be acquired for works or other purposes extending to other land, the effect of the whole of the works and the use of the other land.

27If the Upper Tribunal determines that the severance of the land proposed to be acquired would have either of the consequences described in paragraph 26(1) it must determine how much of the additional land the acquiring authority ought to be required to take in addition to the land proposed to be acquired.

Effect of determination that more land should be acquired

28(1)This paragraph applies where the Upper Tribunal determines that the acquiring authority ought to be required to take the whole or part of the additional land.

(2)The compulsory purchase order has effect as if it included the owner’s interest in the additional land.

(3)If the acquiring authority have already served a notice to treat in relation to the land proposed to be acquired, the notice has effect as if it also included the owner’s interest in the additional land.

(4)If the acquiring authority have not served a notice to treat, they must serve a notice to treat in relation to the owner’s interest in the land proposed to be acquired and the additional land.

(5)If the acquiring authority have already entered on and taken possession of the land proposed to be acquired, the power to award compensation under section 7 includes power to award compensation for any loss suffered by the owner by reason of the temporary severance of the land from the additional land.

(6)Where the Upper Tribunal determines that the acquiring authority ought to be required to take part only of the additional land, a reference in sub-paragraph (2) to (5) to “the additional land” is to that part.

Withdrawal of notice to treat following determination

29(1)This paragraph applies where—

(a)the acquiring authority have served a notice to treat in respect of the land proposed to be acquired,

(b)the Upper Tribunal has determined that the authority ought to be required to take the whole or part of the additional land, and

(c)the authority have not yet entered on and taken possession of any of the land proposed to be acquired or the additional land.

(2)The acquiring authority may withdraw the notice to treat in respect of the whole of the land at any time within the period of 6 weeks beginning with the day on which the Upper Tribunal made its determination.

(3)If the acquiring authority withdraws the notice to treat under this paragraph they must pay the person on whom the notice was served compensation for any loss or expense caused by the giving and withdrawal of the notice.

(4)Any dispute as to the compensation is to be determined by the Upper Tribunal.

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