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Housing and Planning Act 2016

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Making of rent repayment order

43Making of rent repayment order

(1)The First-tier Tribunal may make a rent repayment order if satisfied, beyond reasonable doubt, that a landlord has committed an offence to which this Chapter applies (whether or not the landlord has been convicted).

(2)A rent repayment order under this section may be made only on an application under section 41.

(3)The amount of a rent repayment order under this section is to be determined in accordance with—

(a)section 44 (where the application is made by a tenant);

(b)section 45 (where the application is made by a local housing authority);

(c)section 46 (in certain cases where the landlord has been convicted etc).

44Amount of order: tenants

(1)Where the First-tier Tribunal decides to make a rent repayment order under section 43 in favour of a tenant, the amount is to be determined in accordance with this section.

(2)The amount must relate to rent paid during the period mentioned in the table.

If the order is made on the ground that the landlord has committedthe amount must relate to rent paid by the tenant in respect of
an offence mentioned in row 1 or 2 of the table in section 40(3)the period of 12 months ending with the date of the offence
an offence mentioned in row 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 of the table in section 40(3)a period, not exceeding 12 months, during which the landlord was committing the offence

(3)The amount that the landlord may be required to repay in respect of a period must not exceed—

(a)the rent paid in respect of that period, less

(b)any relevant award of universal credit paid (to any person) in respect of rent under the tenancy during that period.

(4)In determining the amount the tribunal must, in particular, take into account—

(a)the conduct of the landlord and the tenant,

(b)the financial circumstances of the landlord, and

(c)whether the landlord has at any time been convicted of an offence to which this Chapter applies.

45Amount of order: local housing authorities

(1)Where the First-tier Tribunal decides to make a rent repayment order under section 43 in favour of a local housing authority, the amount is to be determined in accordance with this section.

(2)The amount must relate to universal credit paid during the period mentioned in the table.

In the order is made on the ground that the landlord has committedthe amount must relate to universal credit paid in respect of
an offence mentioned in row 1 or 2 of the table in section 40(3)the period of 12 months ending with the date of the offence
an offence mentioned in row 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 of the table in section 40(3)a period, not exceeding 12 months, during which the landlord was committing the offence

(3)The amount that the landlord may be required to repay in respect of a period must not exceed the amount of universal credit that the landlord received (directly or indirectly) in respect of rent under the tenancy for that period.

(4)In determining the amount the tribunal must, in particular, take into account—

(a)the conduct of the landlord,

(b)the financial circumstances of the landlord, and

(c)whether the landlord has at any time been convicted of an offence to which this Chapter applies.

46Amount of order following conviction

(1)Where the First-tier Tribunal decides to make a rent repayment order under section 43 and both of the following conditions are met, the amount is to be the maximum that the tribunal has power to order in accordance with section 44 or 45 (but disregarding subsection (4) of those sections).

(2)Condition 1 is that the order—

(a)is made against a landlord who has been convicted of the offence, or

(b)is made against a landlord who has received a financial penalty in respect of the offence and is made at a time when there is no prospect of appeal against that penalty.

(3)Condition 2 is that the order is made—

(a)in favour of a tenant on the ground that the landlord has committed an offence mentioned in row 1, 2, 3, 4 or 7 of the table in section 40(3), or

(b)in favour of a local housing authority.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (2)(b) there is “no prospect of appeal”, in relation to a penalty, when the period for appealing the penalty has expired and any appeal has been finally determined or withdrawn.

(5)Nothing in this section requires the payment of any amount that, by reason of exceptional circumstances, the tribunal considers it would be unreasonable to require the landlord to pay.

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