Search Legislation

Immigration Act 2016

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

7After Part 3 insert—

PART 3AMaritime enforcement

28MEnforcement powers in relation to ships: England and Wales

(1)An immigration officer, an English and Welsh constable or an enforcement officer may exercise the powers set out in Part 1 of Schedule 4A (“Part 1 powers”) in relation to any of the following in England and Wales waters—

(a)a United Kingdom ship;

(b)a ship without nationality;

(c)a foreign ship;

(d)a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory.

(2)But Part 1 powers may be exercised only—

(a)for the purpose of preventing, detecting, investigating or prosecuting an offence under section 25, 25A or 25B, and

(b)in accordance with the rest of this section.

(3)The authority of the Secretary of State is required before an immigration officer, an English and Welsh constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 1 powers in relation to a foreign ship, or a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory, within the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom.

(4)Authority for the purposes of subsection (3) may be given in relation to a foreign ship only if the Convention permits the exercise of Part 1 powers in relation to the ship.

28NEnforcement powers in relation to ships: Scotland

(1)An immigration officer, a Scottish constable or an enforcement officer may exercise the powers set out in Part 2 of Schedule 4A (“Part 2 powers”) in relation to any of the following in Scotland waters—

(a)a United Kingdom ship;

(b)a ship without nationality;

(c)a foreign ship;

(d)a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory.

(2)But Part 2 powers may be exercised only—

(a)for the purpose of preventing, detecting, investigating or prosecuting an offence under section 25, 25A or 25B, and

(b)in accordance with the rest of this section.

(3)The authority of the Secretary of State is required before an immigration officer, a Scottish constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 2 powers in relation to a foreign ship, or a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory, within the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom.

(4)Authority for the purposes of subsection (3) may be given in relation to a foreign ship only if the Convention permits the exercise of Part 2 powers in relation to the ship.

28OEnforcement powers in relation to ships: Northern Ireland

(1)An immigration officer, a Northern Ireland constable or an enforcement officer may exercise the powers set out in Part 3 of Schedule 4A (“Part 3 powers”) in relation to any of the following in Northern Ireland waters—

(a)a United Kingdom ship;

(b)a ship without nationality;

(c)a foreign ship;

(d)a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory.

(2)But Part 3 powers may be exercised only—

(a)for the purpose of preventing, detecting, investigating or prosecuting an offence under section 25, 25A or 25B, and

(b)in accordance with the rest of this section.

(3)The authority of the Secretary of State is required before an immigration officer, a Northern Ireland constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 3 powers in relation to a foreign ship, or a ship registered under the law of a relevant territory, within the territorial sea adjacent to the United Kingdom.

(4)Authority for the purposes of subsection (3) may be given in relation to a foreign ship only if the Convention permits the exercise of Part 3 powers in relation to the ship.

28PHot pursuit of ships in United Kingdom waters

(1)An immigration officer, an English and Welsh constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 1 powers in relation to a ship in Scotland waters or in Northern Ireland waters if—

(a)the ship is pursued there,

(b)immediately before the pursuit of the ship, the ship was in England and Wales waters, and

(c)the condition in subsection (7) is met.

(2)Part 1 powers may be exercised under subsection (1) only—

(a)for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(a) of section 28M, and

(b)(if relevant) in accordance with subsections (3) and (4) of that section.

(3)An immigration officer, a Scottish constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 2 powers in relation to a ship in England and Wales waters or in Northern Ireland waters if—

(a)the ship is pursued there,

(b)immediately before the pursuit of the ship, the ship was in Scotland waters, and

(c)the condition in subsection (7) is met.

(4)Part 2 powers may be exercised under subsection (3) only—

(a)for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(a) of section 28N, and

(b)(if relevant) in accordance with subsections (3) and (4) of that section.

(5)An immigration officer, a Northern Ireland constable or an enforcement officer may exercise Part 3 powers in relation to a ship in England and Wales waters or in Scotland waters if—

(a)the ship is pursued there,

(b)immediately before the pursuit of the ship, the ship was in Northern Ireland waters, and

(c)the condition in subsection (7) is met.

(6)Part 3 powers may be exercised under subsection (5) only—

(a)for the purpose mentioned in subsection (2)(a) of section 28O, and

(b)(if relevant) in accordance with subsections (3) and (4) of that section.

(7)The condition referred to in subsection (1)(c), (3)(c) and (5)(c) is that—

(a)before the pursuit of the ship, a signal is given for it to stop, and

(b)the pursuit of the ship is not interrupted.

(8)The signal referred to in subsection (7)(a) must be given in such a way as to be audible or visible from the ship.

(9)For the purposes of subsection (7)(b), pursuit is not interrupted by reason only of the fact that—

(a)the method of carrying out the pursuit, or

(b)the identity of the ship or aircraft carrying out the pursuit,

changes during the course of the pursuit.

(10)Nothing in this Part affects any other legal right of hot pursuit that a constable or an enforcement officer may have.

28QInterpretation of Part 3A

(1)In this Part—

  • “the Convention” means the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea 1982 (Cmnd 8941) and any modifications of that Convention agreed after the passing of this Act that have entered into force in relation to the United Kingdom;

  • “enforcement officer” means—

    (a)

    a person who is a commissioned officer of any of Her Majesty’s ships, or

    (b)

    a person in command or charge of any aircraft or hovercraft of the Royal Navy, the Army or the Royal Air Force;

  • “England and Wales waters” means the sea and other waters within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to England and Wales;

  • “English and Welsh constable” means only a person who is—

    (a)

    a member of a police force in England and Wales,

    (b)

    a member of the British Transport Police Force, or

    (c)

    a port constable, within the meaning of section 7 of the Marine Navigation Act 2013, or a person appointed to act as a constable under provision made by virtue of section 16 of the Harbours Act 1964;

  • “foreign ship” means a ship which—

    (a)

    is registered in a State other than the United Kingdom, or

    (b)

    is not so registered but is entitled to fly the flag of a State other than the United Kingdom;

  • “Northern Ireland constable” means only a person who is—

    (a)

    a member of the Police Service of Northern Ireland,

    (b)

    a member of the Police Service of Northern Ireland Reserve, or

    (c)

    a person appointed as a special constable in Northern Ireland by virtue of provision incorporating section 79 of the Harbours, Docks, and Piers Clauses Act 1847;

  • “Northern Ireland waters” means the sea and other waters within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to Northern Ireland;

  • “Part 1 powers” means the powers set out in Part 1 of Schedule 4A;

  • “Part 2 powers” means the powers set out in Part 2 of that Schedule;

  • “Part 3 powers” means the powers set out in Part 3 of that Schedule;

  • “relevant territory” means—

    (a)

    the Isle of Man;

    (b)

    any of the Channel Islands;

    (c)

    a British overseas territory;

  • “Scottish constable” means only a person who is a constable, within the meaning of section 99 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 (asp 8);

  • “Scotland waters” means the sea and other waters within the seaward limits of the territorial sea adjacent to Scotland;

  • “ship” includes every description of vessel (including a hovercraft) used in navigation;

  • “ship without nationality” means a ship which—

    (a)

    is not registered in, or otherwise entitled to fly the flag of, any State or relevant territory, or

    (b)

    sails under the flags of two or more States or relevant territories, or under the flags of a State and relevant territory, using them according to convenience;

  • “United Kingdom ship” means a ship which—

    (a)

    is registered under Part 2 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995,

    (b)

    is a Government ship within the meaning of that Act,

    (c)

    is not registered in any State or relevant territory but is wholly owned by persons each of whom has a United Kingdom connection, or

    (d)

    is registered under an Order in Council under section 1 of the Hovercraft Act 1968.

(2)For the purposes of paragraph (c) of the definition of “United Kingdom ship” in subsection (1), a person has a “United Kingdom connection” if the person is—

(a)a British citizen, a British overseas territories citizen or a British Overseas citizen,

(b)an individual who is habitually resident in the United Kingdom, or

(c)a body corporate which is established under the law of a part of the United Kingdom and has its principal place of business in the United Kingdom.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the government department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Public Acts except Appropriation, Consolidated Fund, Finance and Consolidation Acts.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources