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Finance Act 2014

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

PART 1Internationally mobile employees

ITEPA 2003

1ITEPA 2003 is amended as follows.

2Part 2 (employment income: charge to tax) is amended as follows.

3In section 6 (nature of charge to tax on employment income), in subsection (3A), for “Chapter 5A” substitute “Chapter 5B”.

4In section 10 (meaning of “taxable earnings” and “taxable specific income”), in subsection (4), for the words from “Chapter 5A” to the end substitute “Chapter 5B (taxable specific income from employment-related securities etc: internationally mobile employees)”.

5For Chapter 5A (taxable specific income: effect of remittance basis) substitute—

CHAPTER 5BTaxable specific income from employment-related securities etc: internationally mobile employees
41FTaxable specific income: internationally mobile employees etc

(1)This section applies if—

(a)an amount counts under Chapters 2 to 5 of Part 7 (employment-related securities etc) as employment income of an individual for a tax year (“the securities income”) in respect of an employment (“the relevant employment”), and

(b)one or more of the international mobility conditions is met in relation to the individual (see subsection (2)).

(2)The “international mobility conditions” are—

(a)that any part of the relevant period (see section 41G) is within a tax year for which section 809B, 809D or 809E of ITA 2007 (remittance basis) applies to the individual;

(b)that any part of the relevant period is within a tax year for which the individual is not UK resident;

(c)that any part of the relevant period is within the overseas part of a tax year that is a split year with respect to the individual.

(3)An amount equal to—

SI  FSI

is an amount of “taxable specific income” from the relevant employment for the tax year mentioned in subsection (1)(a).

(4)In subsection (3)

(a)SI is the amount of the securities income, and

(b)FSI is the amount of the securities income that is “foreign”.

(5)The amount of the securities income that is “foreign” is the sum of any chargeable foreign securities income and any unchargeable foreign securities income (see sections 41H to 41L).

(6)The full amount of any chargeable foreign securities income which is remitted to the United Kingdom in a tax year is an amount of “taxable specific income” from the relevant employment for that year.

(7)Subsection (6) applies whether or not the relevant employment is held when the chargeable foreign securities income is remitted.

(8)For the purposes of Chapter A1 of Part 14 of ITA 2007 (remittance basis), treat the relevant securities or relevant securities option as deriving from the chargeable foreign securities income.

(9)But where—

(a)the chargeable event is the disposal of the relevant securities or the assignment or release of the relevant securities option, and

(b)the individual receives consideration for the disposal, assignment or release of an amount equal to or exceeding the market value of the relevant securities or relevant securities option,

for the purposes of that Chapter treat the consideration (and not the relevant securities or relevant securities option) as deriving from the chargeable foreign securities income.

(10)See Chapter A1 of Part 14 of ITA 2007 for the meaning of “remitted to the United Kingdom”.

(11)In this section and section 41G—

  • “the chargeable event” means the event giving rise to the securities income, and

  • “the relevant securities” or “the relevant securities option” means the employment-related securities or employment-related securities option by virtue of which the amount mentioned in subsection (1)(a) counts as employment income.

41GSection 41F: the relevant period

(1)“The relevant period” is to be determined as follows.

(2)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of Chapter 2 of Part 7 (restricted securities) (other than where subsection (4) applies) or Chapter 3 of that Part (convertible securities), the relevant period—

(a)begins with the day of the acquisition, and

(b)ends with the day of the chargeable event.

(3)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of section 446B (securities with artificially depressed market value: charge on acquisition), the relevant period is the tax year in which the acquisition occurs.

(4)In a case within subsection (1)(aa) or (b) of section 446E (securities with artificially depressed market value: charge on restricted securities) where an amount counts as employment income by virtue of that section, the relevant period—

(a)begins at the beginning of the tax year in which the chargeable event is treated as occurring, and

(b)ends with the day on which the chargeable event is treated as occurring.

(5)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of section 446L (securities with artificially enhanced market value), the relevant period—

(a)begins at the beginning of the tax year in which the valuation date (within the meaning of that section) falls, and

(b)ends with the valuation date.

(6)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of section 446U (securities acquired for less than market value: discharge of notional loan) or 446UA (avoidance cases in respect of such securities)—

(a)if the relevant securities were acquired by virtue of the exercise of a securities option (“the option”), the relevant period—

(i)begins with the day of the acquisition of the option, and

(ii)ends with the day the option vests, and

(b)otherwise, the relevant period is—

(i)the tax year in which the notional loan (within the meaning of Chapter 3C of Part 7) is treated as made, or

(ii)if the chargeable event occurs in that year, the period beginning at the beginning of that year and ending with the day of that event.

(7)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of—

(a)Chapter 3D of Part 7 (securities disposed of for more than market value), or

(b)Chapter 4 of that Part (post-acquisition benefits from securities),

the relevant period is the tax year in which the chargeable event occurs.

(8)In the case of an amount that counts as employment income by virtue of Chapter 5 of Part 7 (employment-related securities options), the relevant period—

(a)begins with the day of the acquisition, and

(b)ends with the day of the chargeable event or, if earlier, the day the relevant securities option vests.

(9)If the relevant period determined in accordance with subsections (2) to (8) would not, in all the circumstances, be just and reasonable, the relevant period is to be such period as is just and reasonable.

(10)In this section “the acquisition” has the same meaning as in Chapters 2 to 4 or Chapter 5 of Part 7 (see section 421B or 471).

(11)For the purposes of this section an option “vests”—

(a)when it becomes exercisable, or

(b)if earlier, when it becomes exercisable subject only to a period of time expiring.

(12)See section 41F(11) for the definitions of “the chargeable event”, “the relevant securities” and “the relevant securities option”.

41HSection 41F: chargeable and unchargeable foreign securities income

(1)The extent to which the securities income is “chargeable foreign securities income” or “unchargeable foreign securities income” is to be determined as follows.

(2)Treat an equal amount of the securities income as accruing on each day of the relevant period.

(3)If any part of the relevant period is within a tax year to which subsection (4) applies, the securities income treated as accruing in that part of the relevant period is “chargeable foreign securities income”.

This is subject to subsection (9) and section 41I (limit where duties of associated employment performed in UK).

(4)This subsection applies to a tax year if—

(a)section 809B, 809D or 809E of ITA 2007 applies to the individual for the year,

(b)the individual does not meet the requirement of section 26A for the year (reading references there to the employee as references to the individual),

(c)the relevant employment is with a foreign employer, and

(d)the duties of the relevant employment are performed wholly outside the United Kingdom in the year.

(5)But subsection (4) does not apply to a tax year if section 24A applies in relation to the relevant employment for the tax year.

(6)If any part of the relevant period is within a tax year to which subsection (7) applies—

(a)if the duties of the relevant employment are performed wholly outside the United Kingdom, the securities income treated as accruing in that part of the relevant period is “chargeable foreign securities income”, and

(b)if some, but not all, of those duties are performed outside the United Kingdom—

(i)the securities income mentioned in paragraph (a) is to be apportioned (on a just and reasonable basis) between duties performed in the United Kingdom and duties performed outside the United Kingdom, and

(ii)the income apportioned in respect of duties performed outside the United Kingdom is “chargeable foreign securities income”.

This is subject to subsection (9).

(7)This subsection applies to a tax year if—

(a)section 809B, 809D or 809E of ITA 2007 applies to the individual for the year,

(b)the individual meets the requirement of section 26A for the year (reading references there to the employee as references to the individual), and

(c)some or all of the duties of the relevant employment are performed outside the United Kingdom in the year.

(8)If any part of the relevant period is within a tax year for which the individual is not UK resident—

(a)if the duties of the relevant employment are performed wholly outside the United Kingdom in that year, the securities income treated as accruing in that part of the relevant period is “unchargeable foreign securities income”, or

(b)if some, but not all, of those duties are performed outside the United Kingdom in that year—

(i)the securities income mentioned in paragraph (a) is to be apportioned (on a just and reasonable basis) between duties performed in the United Kingdom and duties performed outside the United Kingdom, and

(ii)the income apportioned in respect of duties performed outside the United Kingdom is “unchargeable foreign securities income”.

(9)If any part of the relevant period is within the overseas part of a tax year that is a split year with respect to the individual—

(a)if the duties of the relevant employment are performed wholly outside the United Kingdom in that overseas part, the securities income treated as accruing in that part of the relevant period is “unchargeable foreign securities income”, or

(b)if some, but not all, of those duties are performed outside the United Kingdom in that overseas part—

(i)the securities income mentioned in paragraph (a) is to be apportioned (on a just and reasonable basis) between duties performed in the United Kingdom and duties performed outside the United Kingdom, and

(ii)the income apportioned in respect of duties performed outside the United Kingdom is “unchargeable foreign securities income”.

(10)If subsection (4) does not apply to a tax year by virtue of subsection (5), it is to be assumed for the purposes of section 41L that it is just and reasonable for none of the securities income treated as accruing in the tax year to be “chargeable foreign securities income”.

(11)See section 41J for further provision about the location of employment duties.

(12)This section is subject to—

(a)section 41K (securities income from overseas Crown employment), and

(b)section 41L (chargeable and unchargeable foreign securities income: just and reasonable apportionment).

41ILimit on “chargeable foreign securities income” where duties of associated employment performed in UK

(1)This section imposes a limit on the extent to which section 41H(3) applies in relation to a period when—

(a)the individual holds associated employments as well as the relevant employment, and

(b)the duties of the associated employments are not performed wholly outside the United Kingdom.

(2)The amount of the securities income for the period that is to be regarded as “chargeable foreign securities income” is limited to such amount as is just and reasonable, having regard to—

(a)the employment income for the period from all the employments mentioned in subsection (1)(a),

(b)the proportion of that income that is general earnings to which section 22 applies (chargeable overseas earnings),

(c)the nature of, and time devoted to, the duties performed outside the United Kingdom, and those performed in the United Kingdom, in the period, and

(d)all other relevant circumstances.

(3)In this section “associated employments” means employments with the same employer or with associated employers.

(4)Section 24(5) and (6) (meaning of “associated employer”) applies for the purposes of this section.

41JLocation of employment duties

(1)The following provisions apply for the purposes of this Chapter—

(a)section 39(1) and (2), and

(b)section 40 (but as if in subsections (3) and (4) of that section references to section 24(1)(b) were to section 41I(1)(b)).

(2)Duties of an employment performed in the UK sector of the continental shelf in connection with exploration or exploitation activities are to be treated for the purposes of this Chapter as being performed in the United Kingdom.

(3)In subsection (2) “the UK sector of the continental shelf” and “exploration or exploitation activities” have the same meaning as in section 41 (treatment of general earnings from employment in the UK sector of the continental shelf).

41KSecurities income from overseas Crown employment

(1)If securities income is from overseas Crown employment subject to United Kingdom tax, it is (notwithstanding any other provision of this Chapter) not “foreign”.

(2)“Securities income from overseas Crown employment” means securities income from Crown employment (within the meaning given by section 28(2)) in respect of duties performed outside the United Kingdom.

(3)Such securities income is to be taken as being “subject to United Kingdom tax” unless, by virtue of subsection (4), it falls within an exception contained in an order under section 28(5).

(4)Subject to any provision made in an order under section 28(5) for the purposes of this section, provisions made in an order under that section for the purposes of excepting general earnings from overseas Crown employment from the operation of section 27(2) also have effect for the purposes of excepting securities income from such employment from the operation of subsection (1).

(5)For the purposes of this section, if securities income is partly from overseas Crown employment subject to United Kingdom tax, a just and reasonable proportion of the securities income is to be taken to be from such employment.

41LChargeable and unchargeable foreign securities income: just and reasonable apportionment

(1)This section applies if the proportion of the securities income that would otherwise be regarded as “chargeable foreign securities income” or “unchargeable foreign securities income” is not, having regard to all the circumstances, just and reasonable.

(2)The amounts of the securities income that are “chargeable foreign securities income” and “unchargeable foreign securities income” are such amounts as are just and reasonable (rather than the amounts calculated in accordance with section 41H).

6Part 7 (employment income: income and exemptions relating to securities) is amended as follows.

7In section 418 (other related provisions), before subsection (1) insert—

(A1)This Part needs to be read with Chapter 5B of Part 2 (taxable specific income from employment-related securities etc: internationally mobile employees).

8Omit section 421E (employment-related securities: exclusions, residence etc).

9In section 425 (no charge in respect of acquisition in certain cases), after subsection (5) insert—

(6)No election may be made under subsection (3) unless, at the time of the acquisition, the earnings from the employment are (or would be if there were any) general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applies.

10(1)Section 428 (restricted securities: amount of charge) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (7), after paragraph (ba) insert—

(bb)any amount that was charged to non-UK income tax in respect of the acquisition of the employment-related securities, but only so far as that amount exceeds any amount within paragraph (b) or (ba),.

(3)After subsection (7) insert—

(7A)In subsection (7)(b) and (ba) the references to an amount of exempt income, in a case in which the amount that constituted, or was treated as, earnings in respect of the acquisition was not an amount of general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applied, includes any amount that would have been an amount of exempt income if any of those charging provisions had applied.

(7B)In subsection (7)(bb) “non-UK income tax” means a tax chargeable on income under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom that corresponds to United Kingdom income tax.

(7C)A tax is not outside the scope of subsection (7B) by reason only that it—

(a)is chargeable under the law of a province, state or other part of a country, or

(b)is levied by or on behalf of a municipality or other local body.

11In section 430 (election for outstanding restrictions to be ignored), after subsection (3) insert—

(4)No election may be made under this section unless, at the time of the chargeable event, the earnings from the employment are (or would be if there were any) general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applies.

12In section 431 (election for full or partial disapplication of Chapter 2 of Part 7 of ITEPA 2003), after subsection (5) insert—

(6)No election may be made under this section unless, at the time of the acquisition, the earnings from the employment are (or would be if there were any) general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applies.

13In section 446T (securities acquired for less than market value: amount of notional loan), after subsection (3) insert—

(3A)In subsection (3)(b) and (ba) the references to an amount of exempt income, in a case in which the amount that constitutes, or is treated as, earnings in respect of the acquisition is not an amount of general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applies, includes any amount that would be an amount of exempt income if any of those charging provisions were to apply.

14Omit section 474 (cases where Chapter 5 of Part 7 of ITEPA 2003 (employment-related securities options) does not apply).

15In section 480 (securities options: deductible amounts), after subsection (5) insert—

(5A)In subsection (5)(a) the reference to an amount of exempt income, in a case in which the amount that constituted earnings in respect of the acquisition was not an amount of general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 applied, includes any amount that would have been an amount of exempt income if any of those charging provisions had applied.

16(1)Section 540 (no charge on acquisition of shares as taxable benefit) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), omit “In its application in relation to a UK resident employee,”.

(3)Omit subsection (2).

17Part 7A (employment income provided through third parties) is amended as follows.

18In section 554L (exclusions: earmarking for employee share schemes (3)), in subsection (10)(c)(i), for “section 474” substitute “Chapter 5B of Part 2”.

19(1)Section 554M (exclusions: earmarking for employee share schemes (4)) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (9)(b)(i), for “section 474” substitute “Chapter 5B of Part 2”.

(3)In subsection (10)(b)(i), for “section 474” substitute “Chapter 5B of Part 2”.

20(1)Section 554N (exclusions: other cases involving employment-related securities etc) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1)(b), omit “, or would apply apart from section 421E(1),”.

(3)In subsection (2)(b), omit “, or would apply apart from section 474(1),”.

(4)In subsection (6)—

(a)omit “421E(1),”, and

(b)omit “, 474(1)”.

(5)In subsection (10)—

(a)in paragraph (b), omit “, but ignoring section 474(1)”, and

(b)in paragraph (c), omit “or would be a chargeable event apart from section 474(1)”.

(6)In subsection (13)(c)(i), for “section 474” substitute “Chapter 5B of Part 2”.

21In Chapter 4 of Part 11 (PAYE: special types of income), in section 700A (employment-related securities etc: remittance basis), in subsection (3), for “41A” substitute “41F”.

Consequential amendments to other Acts

22TCGA 1992 is amended as follows.

23In section 119A (increase in expenditure by reference to tax charged in relation to employment-related securities), in subsection (5A), for “unremitted foreign securities income” substitute “unchargeable, and unremitted chargeable, foreign securities income”.

24(1)Section 119B (section 119A: unremitted foreign securities income) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading, for “unremitted foreign securities income” substitute “unchargeable, and unremitted chargeable, foreign securities income”.

(3)In subsection (1), for the words from “unremitted” to the end substitute

(a)unchargeable foreign securities income, or

(b)unremitted chargeable foreign securities income.

(4)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)In this section “unchargeable foreign securities income” means unchargeable foreign securities income for the purposes of section 41F of ITEPA 2003 (taxable specific income: internationally mobile employees etc) (see sections 41H to 41L of that Act).

(5)In subsection (2)—

(a)after “unremitted” insert “chargeable”, and

(b)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)is chargeable foreign securities income for the purposes of section 41F of ITEPA 2003, and.

(6)In subsection (3), after “unremitted” insert “chargeable”.

25In section 144ZB (exception to rule in section 144ZA), in subsection (2)(a), omit “or would, apart from section 474 of that Act, apply”.

26In section 149A (employment-related securities options), in subsection (1)(b), omit “or would, apart from section 474 of that Act, apply”.

27In section 149AA (restricted and convertible employment-related securities and employee shareholder shares), in subsection (7)—

(a)after “include” insert

(a)”, and

(b)at the end insert , or

(b)in a case in which the amount that constituted, or was treated as, earnings was not an amount of general earnings to which any of the charging provisions of Chapters 4 and 5 of Part 2 of ITEPA 2003 applied, any amount that would have been an amount of such exempt income if any of those charging provisions had applied.

28In section 288 (interpretation), in subsection (1A), omit “or would, apart from section 474 of that Act, apply”.

29In section 809K of ITA 2007 (remittance of income and gains: introduction), in subsection (1), for paragraph (c) substitute—

(c)Chapter 5B of Part 2 of that Act (taxable specific income from employment-related securities etc: internationally mobile employees),.

30CTA 2009 is amended as follows.

31In section 1017 (condition relating to employee’s income tax position for CT relief following acquisition of shares pursuant to option), omit subsections (2) to (4).

32In section 1025 (additional CT relief available if shares are restricted shares), omit subsections (3) to (5).

33In section 1032 (meaning of “chargeable event” for the purposes of additional CT relief in cases involving convertible securities), omit subsections (3) to (5).

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