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Finance Act 2014

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Section 274

SCHEDULE 35Promoters of tax avoidance schemes: penalties

This schedule has no associated Explanatory Notes

Introduction

1In this Schedule a reference to an “information duty” is to a duty arising under any of the following provisions to provide information or produce a document—

(a)section 255 (duty to provide information or produce document);

(b)section 257 (ongoing duty to provide information);

(c)section 258 (duty of person dealing with non-resident promoter);

(d)section 259 (monitored promoter: duty to provide information about clients);

(e)section 260 (intermediaries: duty to provide information about clients);

(f)section 261 (duty to provide information about clients following enquiry);

(g)section 262 (information required for monitoring compliance with conduct notice);

(h)section 263 (information about monitored promoter’s address).

Penalties for failure to comply

2(1)A person who fails to comply with a duty imposed by or under this Part mentioned in column 1 of the Table is liable to a penalty not exceeding the amount shown in relation to that provision in column 2 of the Table.

Table

Column 1Column 2
ProvisionMaximum penalty (£)
Section 249(1) (duty to notify clients of monitoring notice)5,000
Section 249(3) (duty to publicise monitoring notice)1,000,000
Section 249(10) (duty to include information on correspondence etc)1,000,000
Section 251 (duty of promoter to notify clients and intermediaries of reference number)5,000
Section 252 (duty of those notified to notify others of promoter’s number)5,000
Section 253 (duty to notify HMRC of reference number)the relevant amount (see sub-paragraph (3))
Section 255 (duty to provide information or produce document)1,000,000
Section 257 (ongoing duty to provide information or produce document)1,000,000
Section 258 (duty of person dealing with non-resident promoter)1,000,000
Section 259 (monitored promoter: duty to provide information about clients)5,000
Section 260 (intermediaries: duty to provide information about clients)5,000
Section 261 (duty to provide information about clients following an enquiry)10,000
Section 262 (duty to provide information required to monitor compliance with conduct notice)5,000
Section 263 (duty to provide information about address)5,000
Section 265 (duty to provide information to promoter)5,000

(2)In relation to a failure to comply with section 249(1), 251, 252, 259 or 260 the maximum penalty specified in column 2 of the Table is a maximum penalty which may be imposed in respect of each person to whom the failure relates.

(3)In relation to a failure to comply with section 253, the “relevant amount” is—

(a)£5,000, unless paragraph (b) or (c) applies;

(b)£7,500, where a person has previously failed to comply with section 253 on one (and only one) occasion during the period of 36 months ending with the date on which the current failure occurred;

(c)£10,000, where a person has previously failed to comply with section 253 on two or more occasions during the period mentioned in paragraph (b).

(4)The amount of a penalty imposed under sub-paragraph (1) is to be arrived at after taking account of all relevant considerations, including the desirability of setting it at a level which appears appropriate for deterring the person, or other persons, from similar failures to comply on future occasions having regard (in particular)—

(a)in the case of a penalty imposed for a failure to comply with section 255 or 257, to the amount of fees received, or likely to have been received, by the person in connection with the monitored proposal, arrangements implementing the monitored proposal or monitored arrangements to which the information or document required as a result of section 255 or 257 relates;

(b)in the case of a penalty imposed in relation to a failure to comply with section 258(4) or (5), to the amount of any tax advantage gained, or sought to be gained, by the person in relation to the monitored arrangements or the arrangements implementing the monitored proposal.

Daily default penalties for failure to comply

3(1)If the failure to comply with an information duty continues after a penalty is imposed under paragraph 2(1), the person is liable to a further penalty or penalties not exceeding the relevant sum for each day on which the failure continues after the day on which the penalty under paragraph 2(1) was imposed.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1) “the relevant sum” means—

(a)£10,000, in a case where the maximum penalty which could have been imposed for the failure was £1,000,000;

(b)£600, in cases not falling within paragraph (a).

Penalties for inaccurate information and documents

4(1)If—

(a)in complying with an information duty, a person provides inaccurate information or produces a document that contains an inaccuracy, and

(b)condition A, B or C is met,

the person is liable to a penalty not exceeding the relevant sum.

(2)Condition A is that the inaccuracy is careless or deliberate.

(3)An inaccuracy is careless if it is due to a failure by the person to take reasonable care.

(4)For the purpose of determining whether or not a person who is a monitored promoter took reasonable care, reliance on legal advice is to be disregarded if either—

(a)the advice was not based on a full and accurate description of the facts, or

(b)the conclusions in the advice that the person relied on were unreasonable.

(5)For the purpose of determining whether or not a person who complies with a duty under section 258 took reasonable care, reliance on legal advice is to be disregarded if the advice was given or procured by the monitored promoter mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

(6)Condition B is that the person knows of the inaccuracy at the time the information is provided or the document produced but does not inform HMRC at that time.

(7)Condition C is that the person—

(a)discovers the inaccuracy some time later, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to inform HMRC.

(8)The “relevant sum” means—

(a)£1,000,000, where the information is provided or document produced in compliance with a duty under section 255, 257 or 258;

(b)£10,000, where the information is provided in compliance with a duty under section 261;

(c)£5,000, where the information is provided or document produced in compliance with a duty under section 259, 260, 262 or 263.

(9)If the information or document contains more than one inaccuracy, one penalty is payable under this paragraph whatever the number of inaccuracies.

Power to change amount of penalties

5(1)If it appears to the Treasury that there has been a change in the value of money since the last relevant date, they may by regulations substitute for the sums for the time being specified in paragraph 2, 3 or 4 such other sums as appear to them to be justified by the change.

(2)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1) may include any amendment of paragraph 10(b) that is appropriate in consequence of an amendment made by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The “relevant date”, in relation to a specified sum, means—

(a)the date on which this Act is passed, and

(b)each date on which the power conferred by sub-paragraph (1) has been exercised in relation to that sum.

Concealing, destroying etc documents following imposition of a duty to provide information

6(1)A person must not conceal, destroy or otherwise dispose of, or arrange for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document which is subject to a duty under section 255, 257 or 262.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the person acts after the document has been produced to an officer of Revenue and Customs in accordance with the duty, unless the officer has notified the person in writing that the document must continue to be available for inspection (and has not withdrawn the notification).

(3)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply, in a case to which section 268(1) applies, if the person acts after the expiry of the period of 6 months beginning with the day on which a copy of the document was produced in accordance with that section unless, before the expiry of that period, an officer of Revenue and Customs makes a request for the original document under section 268(2)(b).

(4)A person who conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document in breach of sub-paragraph (1), is taken to have failed to comply with the duty to produce the document under the provision concerned (but see sub-paragraph (5)).

(5)If a person conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document which is subject to a duty under more than one of the provisions mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) then—

(a)in a case where a duty under section 255 applies, the person will be taken to have failed to comply only with that provision, or

(b)in a case where a duty under section 255 does not apply, the person will be taken to have failed to comply only with section 257.

Concealing, destroying etc documents following informal notification

7(1)A person must not conceal, destroy or otherwise dispose of, or arrange for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document if an officer of Revenue and Customs has informed the person in writing that the person is, or is likely, to be given a notice under 255, 257 or 262 the effect of which will, or is likely to, require the production of the document.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the person acts—

(a)at least 6 months after the person was, or was last, informed as described in sub-paragraph (1), or

(b)after the person becomes subject to a duty under 255, 257 or 262 which requires the document to be produced.

(3)A person who conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document in breach of sub-paragraph (1), is taken to have failed to comply with the duty to produce the document under the provision concerned (but see sub-paragraph (4)).

(4)If a person conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or arranges for the concealment, destruction or disposal of, a document which is subject to a duty under more than one of the provisions mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) then—

(a)in a case where a duty under section 255 applies, the person will be taken to have failed to comply only with that provision, or

(b)in a case where a duty under section 255 does not apply, the person will be taken to have failed to comply only with section 257.

Failure to comply with time limit

8A failure to do anything required to be done within a limited period of time does not give rise to liability to a penalty under this Schedule if the person did it within such further time, if any, as an officer of Revenue and Customs or the tribunal may have allowed.

Reasonable excuse

9(1)Liability to a penalty under this Schedule does not arise if there is a reasonable excuse for the failure.

(2)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)an insufficiency of funds is not a reasonable excuse unless attributable to events outside the person’s control,

(b)if the person relies on any other person to do anything, that is not a reasonable excuse unless the first person took reasonable care to avoid the failure,

(c)if the person had a reasonable excuse for the failure but the excuse has ceased, the person is to be treated as having continued to have the excuse if the failure is remedied without unreasonable delay after the excuse ceased,

(d)reliance on legal advice is to be taken automatically not to constitute a reasonable excuse where the person is a monitored promoter if either—

(i)the advice was not based on a full and accurate description of the facts, or

(ii)the conclusions in the advice that the person relied on were unreasonable, and

(e)reliance on legal advice is to be taken automatically not to constitute a reasonable excuse in the case of a penalty for failure to comply with section 258, if the advice was given or procured by the monitored promoter mentioned in subsection (1) of that section.

Assessment of penalty and appeals

10Part 10 of TMA 1970 (penalties, etc) has effect as if—

(a)the reference in section 100(1) to the Taxes Acts were read as a reference to the Taxes Acts and this Schedule,

(b)in subsection (2) of section 100, there were inserted a reference to a penalty under this Schedule, other than a penalty under paragraph 3 of this Schedule in respect of which the relevant sum is £600.

Interest on penalties

11(1)A penalty under this Schedule is to carry interest at the rate applicable under section 178 of FA 1989 from the date it is determined until payment.

(2)In section 178 of FA 1989 (setting of rates of interest), in subsection (2) at the end of paragraph (t) insert , and

(u)paragraph 11 of Schedule 35 to the Finance Act 2014.

Double jeopardy

12A person is not liable to a penalty under this Schedule in respect of anything in respect of which the person has been convicted of an offence.

Overlapping penalties

13A person is not liable to a penalty under—

(a)Schedule 24 to the FA 2007 (penalties for errors),

(b)Part 7 of FA 2004, or

(c)any other provision which is prescribed,

by reason of any failure to include in any return or account a reference number required by section 253.

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