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Finance Act 2014

Chapter 9

187.Chapter 9, sections 257T to 257TE contain miscellaneous and supplementary provisions, including definitions of key terms used in Part 5B.

188.New section 257T ensures continuity of tax treatment where shares are transferred between spouses or civil partners in the circumstances specified.  No relief is withdrawn where one spouse or civil partner disposes of shares to which relief is attributable to the other. Following such a disposal, for the purposes of any subsequent disposal or other event, the shares are treated as if they had always been owned by the spouse or civil partner to whom they have been transferred.

189.An individual who owns investments to which relief is attributable (see section 257N) may also possess other investments in the same company of the same class. Also, investments to which relief is attributable may have been acquired at various times and at various prices. Consequently, new section 257TA explains how to identify which investments have been disposed of, where only part of an individual’s holding is disposed of.

190.New section 257TB explains what is meant by a company being in administration or receivership, by reference to the Insolvency Act 1986, the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 and any corresponding legislation in a country or territory outside of the United Kingdom.

191.New section 257TC explains what is meant by an “associate” of a person in the context of Part 5B. It includes spouse, civil partner, ancestor or lineal descendant, business partner and certain trustee relationships.

192.New section 257TD explains the term “control” as used in Part 5B.

193.Subsection (1) provides that “control” should be defined in accordance with section s450 and 451 Corporation Tax Act 2010, but with the modification that “company” in those sections should be read as though including a charitable trust.

194.Subsection (2) explains that if the trustees of a charitable trust (acting in their capacity as trustees) either individually or together control another person as defined by sections 450 and 451 CTA 2010, then the charitable trust of which they are trustees is to be regarded as controlling the other person for the purpose of Part 5B.

195.Subsection (3) describes the circumstances in which a person is to be regarded as controlling a charity which is a trust, whether or not a trustee. A trustee who, alone or together with other trustees who are connected with him, can exercise some or all of the powers of the trustees, is to be regarded as controlling the charity.  A person who is not a trustee but who either alone or with others has the power to appoint or remove trustees, or to approve or direct the trustees’ functions, is to be regarded as controlling the charity.

196.Subsection (4) explains that subsection (3) should be read as expanding upon subsection (1), rather than limiting it.

197.Subsection (5) provides that for the purposes of Part 5B, a regulator is to be treated as not having control of any company merely by virtue of the fact that that company is regulated by that regulator.

198.Subsection (6) disapplies the definition of “control” at section 995 for the purposes of Part 5B. That definition would otherwise apply by virtue of section 1021. Note: this is a departure from the Enterprise Investment Scheme legislation at Part 5 ITA which has been used as a broad model. The EIS legislation uses both the section 995 definition, and that at sections 450 and 451 CTA 2010, at different places.

199.New section 257TE provides minor definitions for various terms used in Part 5B, including what is meant by the term “market value” in relation to an asset.

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